Abstract: A high integrity container having a three-layered structure that is suitable as a container for use in storage and disposal of radioactive wastes or industrial wastes can be fabricated by casting a concrete lining as an inner layer on the inner surface of a metallic vessel as an outer layer, reinforcing the concrete lining with a reinforcing material and strengthening the concrete lining with an impregnant, and polymerizing and curing the impregnant layer that is formed as an intermediate layer between said metal drum and the concrete lining.
May 14, 1985
Date of Patent:
August 18, 1987
Chichibu Cement Co., Ltd., Ozawa Concrete Industry Co., Ltd.
Abstract: The invention is a flexible mask for use in charging a flowable material into selected cells of a honeycomb structure and is of particular utility in chraging a sealing material into the ends of selected cells of such a structure during fabrication of solid particulate filter bodies and other selectively plugged honeycomb structures. The mask has a central body with a set of openings extending therethrough which allow passage of the flowable material through to the selected cells and a second set of protrusions extending from one of the surfaces of the mask which are used to align the mask to the end face of the structure and which extend into and sealably cover the cells which are not to receive the flowable material. The mask may be formed from a polymer, preferably an elastomer, using any of three disclosed die apparatuses.
Abstract: Apparatus for compacting powdered and fibrous raw materials to a pellet product, comprising a mixing chamber with an inlet, a driven mixing shaft coaxially with respect to the mixing cylinder and which is provided with radially projecting blades. A pelletizer is connected directly to the mixing cylinder, and comprises a cylindrical mold coaxially inside a cylindrical jacket part and provided with radial holes, and inside which are arranged one or more freely rotatable pressure rollers as a result of which, when the apparatus is working, the compacted mixture is pressed through the holes, while the jacket part of the pelletizer is provided with an outlet for the compressed product. The mixing shaft is designed as a cylinder, rotatable coaxially with respect to a fixed supporting shaft.
Abstract: A process of making a full life size artificial rock formation of photocopy exactness from a natural rock formation surface is disclosed herein. A plurality of coats of latex is applied over the natural rock surface and allowed to dry thus forming a mask having all the natural cracks and crevices of the natural rock surface. This mask or liner is held in a fiberglass mold and a vacuum is applied to the inner surface of said liner causing all the cracks and crevices to open up. Cement is applied to the outer surface of the liner filling all the cracks and crevices. When the liner is removed the artificial surface resembles the natural rock surface in photocopy exactness.
Abstract: A building form into which concrete may be poured to form a column or similar structure includes a plurality of stacked form units having interconnected expandable and contractible joints. The application of a vertically upward force to the joints of the uppermost form unit causes all the units to move together, first laterally outwardly and then upwardly to strip the form from the column. The form thereafter may be moved to another location where the joints of the form units may be contracted to provide a form for pouring another column. The joints include movable portions which are cammed outwardly or inwardly depending on the direction of vertical movement of a central, vertically movable portion.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for controlling induced dynamic instability in an axially moving form supported between two axially spaced supports wherein the form is relatively soft and therefore exposed to development of transverse tensional forces tending to pivot the form about one or both supports. Control is effected by establishing a datum axis, repeatedly sensing the lateral position of the form in at least two mutually inclined transverse directions, deriving signals proportional to the sensed lateral displacement of the form from the datum axis, converting the signals to thrust forces, and applying the thrust forces to restore the form to the desired lateral position. The technique is of particular value in the production of oriented polymeric tubular films.
Abstract: Apparatus and method are provided in a system for continuously feeding disparate materials into a compounding extruder for the inline sheet extrusion of a highly filled thermoplastic material having at least about 65 percent by weight of filler. The apparatus and method of the present invention are particularly suitable in conjunction with the continuous lamination of the inline sheet extruder product with carpet.
August 9, 1983
Date of Patent:
May 5, 1987
Collins & Aikman Corporation
Robert W. McCullough, Clarence A. Peoples, Maurice J. Sacks, Ronald L. Adams, Klaus Kapfer, Graham M. Talbott
Abstract: In order to stress relieve exposed portions of plastic welds, and thereby reduce susceptability of such welds to solvent-induced crazing and cracking, the welded parts are formed with flanges extending outwardly therefrom. These flanges are at least partially joined during welding, their adjoining surfaces providing at least a portion of the welded joint. After welding, the flanges are compressed in a direction transverse to their adjoining welded surfaces, the compression being of sufficient magnitude to exceed the yield strength of the flanges, thereby relieving stresses in the exposed portion of the welds. The flanges may be sheared, as by a blade which provides both transverse compressive forces and compressive forces in the direction of the adjoining welded surfaces. The flanges may be sheared through, so as to enable the sheared off end to be removed, or the shearing may penetrate only through the weld zone, providing a notch, but leaving the flanges in place.
Abstract: The process and apparatus includes a die assembly having a die cavity defined therein and an inlet port in the die assembly communicating with the die cavity. An injection nozzle is provided for delivering molten synthetic resin to the die cavity through the inlet port having an opening aligned with the inlet port and a thermally insulating sleeve positioned around the injection nozzle having an elastically yieldable component and a rigid component.
Abstract: A stimulator for penile erection comprises a body member which may be inserted into the rectum of a user, the body member being so shaped as to closely conform to the topological configuration of the rectum from the anal area to a site adjacent to the prostate gland. Within the body member is electrical circuitry for generating a neutrally stimulating electrical signal. Electrodes, placed at particular locations on the surface of the body member, apply the signal to the user. At least one of the electrodes closely contacts the prostate gland when the body member is operatively disposed, at a region or spot on the prostate gland previously determined to be sensitive to electrical stimulation.
March 25, 1985
Date of Patent:
May 5, 1987
Henry S. Brenman, Philip Katz, Harold L. Schwartz
Abstract: Cupola-shaped plastic pieces with a flat, unwarped rim can be produced from an equally large blank without trimming of the rim, by heating an optionally preheated plastic sheet by radiant heat. The radiant heat acts only on the area surrounded by the rim area until the area exposed to the radiant heat has reached a temperature just below the softening temperature of the plastic. Up to this point, the rim is left without tension, or at most a low clamping pressure is applied which allows a thermal movement of the rim. Then, but before the beginning of the forming, the clamping pressure is increased so that the rim is held tight. The radiation activity continues until the area exposed to the radiant heat has exceeded the softening temperature, the radiation activity is then stopped, and the area heated to the forming temperature is formed.
Abstract: Solutions of intermediate molecular weight polymers from about 200,000 to about 4,000,000, such as polyethylene, in a relatively non-volatile solvent are extruded through an aperture at constant concentration and thereafter stretched at a ratio of at least about 3:1 prior to cooling to form a first gel. The first gels are extracted with a volatile solvent to form a second gel, and the second gel is dried to form a low porosity xerogel. Stretching occurs with any one or more of the first gel, second gel or xerogel. The polyethylene products produced by our process include products having a molecular weight between about 200,000 and about 4,000,000 a tenacity of at least about 13 grams/denier, a modulus of at least about 350 gram/denier, a porosity of less than 10% by volume, a crystalline orientation function of at least about 0.95, and a main melting temperature of at least about 140.degree. C.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for tipping one end of an I.V. catheter includes the method steps for use of the apparatus including mounting a catheter to be tipped onto a mandrel supported on a carriage; a die having an interior molding surface, at least one portion of which is tapered according to the tip desired on the catheter, is heated; the carriage is moved along guide bars to the die such that the catheter carrying mandrel moves toward the interior molding surface to define a space, when the carriage is halted the catheter carrying mandrel is biased toward the die space with only sufficient force to cause the heated catheter to flow into the die space and as the catheter melts and flows, the mandrel engages the die thereby defining the edge of the catheter, after which the die and catheter therein are cooled; the carriage is then reversed along the guide bars such that the catheter and mandrel are withdrawn from the die, and the catheter is removed from the mandrel.
Abstract: Prosthetic devices of utilitarian, yet natural and unprecedented life-like appearance, are formed of durable elastomers. A seamless flexible negative mold of a biological body member selected to form the basic model is made by painting on to it nylon mesh-reinforced silicone with direct monitoring and correction of the positioning of the parts. A positive wax model is cast in the mold and subsequently modified by sculpturing to the requirements of the individual for whom the prosthesis is being developed. From the master wax model a negative metal mold is made by electroplating. New and unique provisions for ventilation to effectively remove from the molds solvents of the elastomer dispersions greatly improve the quality and rapidity of production. Invented methods of creating ventilation ports without damage to the critical interior surface of the molds and of degassing the dispersions to eliminate bubble defects are employed.
Abstract: Large thermoplastic articles are injection molded, cooled to a self supporting temperature, transferred to a vessel, the articles being maintained under fluid pressure sufficient to prevent the formation of voids on cooling to ambient temperature.
Abstract: A method for repairing damaged dashboards and similar articles is disclosed. The method comprises the steps of trimming away damaged material to form a repair area, substantially filling the repair area with an air drying repair compound, allowing said repair compound to air dry, adding a polyester resin to a plastisol material to produce a heat curable repair compound, applying the heat curable repair compound over the air drying repair compound and applying heat to the heat curable repair compound to cure it. The method produces a repair which closely matches the hardness of vinyl and similar plastic materials which are conventionally used to cover dashboards.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for manufacturing a hollow plastic product is provided. In accordance with one aspect, into a mold half having a tubular groove portion and a projecting groove portion which projects outwardly from the tubular groove section is supplied a parison into the tubular groove portion and a clump of molding material into the projecting groove portion. When blow molding is carried out by introducing a pressurized gas into the parison, the clump becomes integrated with the parison thereby providing a hollow plastic product of unitary structure. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, a parison extrusion nozzle is provided with at least two passages each of which is connected, preferably through a valve, to a corresponding dispensing unit for dispensing a desired molding material. A control unit is provided as connected to each of the dispensing units to control the supply of molding material so that there is obtained a parison having regions of different molding materials.
Abstract: Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fiber of high strength (tensile strength.gtoreq.20 g/d) produced from a polymer composed mainly of acrylonitrile (AN) and having a weight average molecular weight not less than 400,000, and a method of producing said fiber characterized by a multistage stretching step and a drying step under particular conditions.
May 6, 1985
Date of Patent:
April 21, 1987
Japan Exlan Company, Ltd., Toyo Boseki Kabushiki Kaisha
Abstract: An apparatus for forming a slide fastener chain includes an injection molding machine with a mold, a sprue and runner cutter adjacent the mold, a pelletizer adjacent to the cutter for reducing the sprues and runners to particle size which are delivered to a first hopper, a second hopper for fresh molding materials, a mixing hopper for blending the used and fresh molding materials to be fed to the mold, and controls for regulating the proportions of used and fresh materials.
Abstract: A gas diffusion composite electrode is disclosed which is suitable for use in combination with an electrically conductive current collector. The electrode comprises an electrochemically active, porous and heterogeneous layer containing (1) an interconnected, hydrophilic island material comprising a blend of a major amount of an electrically conductive, particulate material, such as carbon black, in combination with an electrochemically active catalyst, and a minor amount of a hydrophobic polymer in combination with (2) a hydrophobic matrix material consisting essentially of a hydrophobic polymer rendered substantially porous by removal of a pore-forming ingredient. Methods of preparing the heterogeneous layer and the composite electrode are also disclosed.