Abstract: A family of novel and unique synthetic alkali metal alumino-silicates (SAMS) are produced by the hydrothermal reaction between kaolin and alkali metal silicates. The integrated composition of the SAMS products is a unique entity having an overall composition ofxM.sub.2 O:Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 :ySiO.sub.2 :zH.sub.2 Owhere x is the number of moles of alkali metal oxide and is an integer from 0.01 to 2.0, M is the alkali metal, y is the number of moles of SiO.sub.2 in the unique SAMS compositions and is an integer greater than 2.0, and z is the number of moles of bound water and is an integer ranging from 1.0 to 5.0. The unique SAMS compositions are structured materials in which the structure can be controlled, and are therefore useful as functional fillers, as TiO.sub.2 extenders, as silica extenders or as reinforcing agents for paper, paint, rubber, plastics and specialty products.
Abstract: The fluorine-substituted organopolysiloxane as the principal ingredient of the inventive silicone rubber composition has vinyl groups to serve as the cross-linking points at the molecular chain terminals while at least the penultimate siloxane unit or the silicon atom adjacent to the terminal silicon atom has no fluorine-substituted hydrocarbon group bonded to the silicon atom. Being freed from the steric hindrance due to the bulky fluorine-substituted hydrocarbon group bonded to the adjacent silicon atom, the vinyl group bonded to the terminal silicon atom can pertain to the cross-linking reaction much easier than otherwise so that the silicone rubber composition of the invention containing an organic peroxide or a combination of an organohydrogenpolysiloxane and a platinum catalyst as a curing agent can be rapidly cured to give a cured silicone rubber article having excellent resistance against oils and organic solvents as well as mechanical properties.
Abstract: A hardener composition for alkaline phenolic resole resin binders which comprises a solution of a benzylic ether resole resin in an ester. Binder compositons comprising this hardener with alkaline phenolic resole resins are further provided as are foundry molding compositions and methods for making foundry cores and molds using the molding compositions.
Abstract: A flame resistant staple fiber blend, useful for flame-resistant clothing, comprising 80 to 97 weight parts of m-aramide polymer staple fibers (A) with a small thermal shrinkage stress of 130 mg/d or less at 350.degree. C., 3 to 20 weight parts of p-aramide copolymer staple fibers (B) with a higher flame resistance than that of the m-aramide fiber (A), and optionally, 240 weight parts or less of non-fusible staple fibers (C) with a lower thermal shrinkage stress than that of the staple fiber (A).
Abstract: Compositions in accordance with the invention comprise a polymer and flake reinforcing material distributed throughout the polymer in an effective amount to structurally reinforce the polymer. Individual flakes of the flake material (a) are less than or equal to 1,000 Angstroms in thickness, (b) have an aspect ratio greater than or equal to 100, and (c) are preferably significantly randomly oriented throughout the polymer. A novel apparatus for shear grinding a platy solid material into such individual flakes comprises a cylindrical shearing drum and a shear grinder received therein. The shearing drum has a longitudinal axis and an internal surface formed about a first predetermined radius of curvature. The cylindrical drum is supported for rotation about its longitudinal axis. The shear grinder has an external surface formed about a second predetermined radius of curvature. The second radius of curvature is slightly less than the first radius of curvature.
Abstract: A polyolefin resin composition comprising from 30% to 96% by weight of a polyolefin, from 3% to 50% by weight of a fibrous inorganic filler selected from the group consisting of a magnesium hydroxide fiber, a magnesium oxide fiber, and a gypsum fiber having a mean fiber diameter of from 0.1 to 2 .mu.m and an aspect ratio of from 20 to 100 or a mixture of two or more of said inorganic fillers, and from 1% to 60% by weight of a thermoplastic elastomer.The said composition provides a molded material which has a good external appearance and is excellent in the impact strength, rigidity, and heat stability.
Abstract: Molding compositions of thermoplastic plasticizer-containing polyamides exhibit greatly reduced migration of plasticizer or no migration at all due to having 0.1 to 20% by weight of sterically hindered carbodiimides of the formulaR.sub.1 --N.dbd.C.dbd.N--[R.sub.2 --N.dbd.C.dbd.N].sub.2 --R.sub.3wherein n is 0 to 100; R.sub.1 and R.sub.3 are individually a monovalent radical taken from the class consisting of aliphatic having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, cycloaliphatics having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, and aromatics having 8 to 20 carbon atoms and also having substituents; and R.sub.2 is a divalent radical taken from the class consisting of aliphatics having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, cycloaliphatic having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, and aromatics having 8 to 20 carbon atoms and also having substituents.
Abstract: A family of novel and unique synthetic alkali metal alumino-silicates (SAMS) are produced by the hydrothermal reaction between kaolin and alkali metal silicates. The integrated composition of the SAMS products is a unique entity having an overall composition ofxM.sub.2 O:Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 :ySiO.sub.2 :zH.sub.2 Owhere x is the number of moles of alkali metal oxide and is an integer from 0.01 to 2.0, M is the alkali metal, y is the number of moles of SiO.sub.2 in the unique SAMS corporations and is an integer greater than 2.0, and z is the number of moles of bound water and is an integer ranging from 1.0 to 5.0. The unique SAMS compositions are structured materials in which the structure can be controlled, and are therefore useful as functional fillers, as TiO.sub.2 extenders, as silica extenders or as reinforcing agents for paper, paint, rubber, plastics and specialty products.
Abstract: The invention relates to thermoplastic molding compounds of reinforced (for example with glass fibers) and/or filled (for example with kaolin) polyamides, interpolymers having a certain chemical composition (of polyamides and thermoplastic copolymers) and, optionally, a rubber modifier which increases the toughness of the molding compounds, and to a process for their production.
August 3, 1989
Date of Patent:
January 15, 1991
Uwe Westeppe, Christian Lindner, Karl-Erwin Piejko, Hans-Joachim Laue
Abstract: Disclosed is a thermosetting resin composition comprising (a) a preliminary reaction product between a polyamino compound and an unsaturated bismaleimide compound, (b) an epoxy group-containing vinyl compound, (b') a vinyl group-free aliphatic or aromatic halogenated epoxy compound, (c) an epoxy curing agent and (d) a radical polymerization initiator as indispensable components. This composition is characterized in that the vinyl group-free aliphatic or aromatic halogenated epoxy compound as the component (b') is incorporated. This unsaturated bismaleimide type thermosetting resin composition is excellent in not only heat resistance and strength but also flame retardancy and light weight characteristic.
Abstract: Silylketene acetals, including "living" GTP polymers, are acylated or sulfonylated in the presence of GTP-effective catalysts with acyl or sulfonyl compounds to produce .beta.-ketoesters or .beta.-sulfonylesters; polymeric products, including capped, coupled and chain-extended polymers and block copolymers can be prepared.
Abstract: A process for the production of aromatic petroleum resins by the cationic copolymerization of a C.sub.6 -C.sub.12 aromatic cut and the product obtained by the thermal polymerization of a dicyclopentadiene cut, products produced by the process, and the application in the manufacture of printing inks, varnishes and paints.
Abstract: A highly crystalline polyethylene terephthalate resin composition comprising (A) 100 parts by weight of a polyethylene terephthalate copolymer comprising ethylene terephthalate units as the main recurring units, which is formed by copolymerizing a glycol component containing 1 to 20% by weight of a polyalkylene glycol having an average molecular weight of 500 to 20,000 and 1.2 to 15% by weight of diethylene glycol with a carboxylic acid component composed mainly of terephthalic acid, (B) 5 to 200 parts by weight of a fibrous reinforcer, (C) 0.5 to 130 parts by weight of a nucleating agent, and (D) 0.1 to 60 parts by weight of a crystallization-promoting agent. The resin composition optionally contains 2 to 100 parts by weight of an inorganic compound, 2 to 100 parts by weight of an impact strength improver, 2 to 40 parts by weight of a flame retardant, or 1 to 20 parts by weight of a flame retardant assistant.
Abstract: A contact lens is described which is synthesized by reaction in a mold of a isocyanate capped poly(dialkylsiloxane) prepolymer with a poly(dialkylsiloxane) di- or polyalkanol. The clear polyurethane rubber contact lens is readily made completely wettable by a transfer-grafting process or post-treatment and has a high oxygen permeability.
Abstract: Useful as catalysts for the reaction of a polyisocyanate or a partially blocked polyisocyanate with a hydroxy-containing compound are organotin compositions obtained by reacting a diorganotin oxide of the formula R.sub.2 SnO or a diorganotin dichloride of the formula R.sub.2 SnCl.sub.2 with a compound of the formula HS--CH.sub.2 CH(OH)CH.sub.2 XH where R is a C.sub.1 -C.sub.8 alkyl or an aryl group and X is --O-- or --S--.Also disclosed are cationic electrodepositable (CED) compositions containing such catalysts.
Abstract: A pigmented thermoplastic resin composition comprising:(A) a thermoplastic resin;(B) a metal phthalocyanine pigment; and(C) 0.5 to 30% by weight, based on the weight of the pigment (B), as agent imparting heat stability to component (B), of a sulphonated imidomethyl phthalocyanine having the formula I: ##STR1## wherein Pc is a phthalocyanine residue optionally substituted by up to 4 chlorine or bromine atoms;M is hydrogen or a metal capable of forming a metal phthalocyanine;m is a vlaue within the range of from 0.05 to 1.0;n is a value within the range of from 0.1 to 4.0; andX is a residue such that, in combination with the group ##STR2## it form a 5-, 6- or 7-membered cyclic imide.
Abstract: A process is described for the preparation of a polymer which contains, besides polymerized units of vinyl chloride, 30 to 60% by weight, relative to the polymer, of polymerized units of an acrylate, if appropriate together with copolymerizable monomers. The acrylate is firstly polymerized in aqueous emulsion with addition of a monomer containing at least 2 ethylenically unsaturated, non-conjugated double bonds in the presence of a fatty acid salt and in the presence of an alkane- or alkylarylsulfonate. Polymerization in aqueous suspension is then carried out in which vinyl chloride, customary polymerization auxiliaries, a precipitant for the emulsifiers used in the emulsion polymerization, and water are initially introduced, and the acrylate dispersion produced by emulsion polymerization is subsequently added. Polymers of high bulk density and good free-flowing properties which can easily be demonomerized are thus obtained.