Abstract: A pneumatic tire for a passenger car, wherein a carcass layer consists of two layers, cords of nylon 46 fiber are used as the carcass cords of each of these layers, and the cords of one of the layers cross those of the other layer at an angle of from 5.degree. to 40.degree.. A pneumatic tire for a passenger car, wherein a belt cover layer is disposed on a belt layer and cords of nylon 46 fiber is disposed as the cords of the belt cover layer on the belt layer.
Abstract: A pneumatic radial tire for a motorcycle, in which a carcass layer is disposed so as to extend from one of the tire's bends to the other, and belt reinforcing layers are disposed outside the carcass layer at the tread. In this pneumatic radial tire, a cord reinforcing layer is disposed outside the carcass layer so as to extend from a shoulder around the bead and up the tire's side wall, and at least one of the end portion of the cord reinforcing layer on the shoulder side and the turn-up end portion is stacked between the end portions of the belt reinforcing layer and the carcass layer.
Abstract: A method and an apparatus for making vehicle tires comprising filling a pair of discrete annular tire sidewall molds with uncured sidewall compound bringing the sidewall molds into contact, one on either side of a preshaped green tire carcass, positioning the assembly of sidewall molds and tire carcass in a tire curing mold, curing the tire and removing it from the curing mold and the sidewall mold.
May 13, 1986
Date of Patent:
May 10, 1988
Apsley Metals Limited
Eric Holroyd, James N. McGlashen, Ronald H. Pointon
Abstract: A vehicle wheel and pneumatic tire arrangement. The tire has a radial carcass anchored in the tire beads, a tread strip, respective shoulder-like extensions which are each formed by a step, are disposed on each side of the tread strip, and do not come into contact with the roadway under normal driving conditions, and a belt which extends laterally to within the vicinity of each step extension to such an extent that a given one of the belt portions which is disposed within the vicinity of a given step extension has a width equal to approximately 25-40% of the amount by which the widest part of the tire extends beyond the end of the tread strip at that given step extension. To achieve a low rolling resistance and at the same time a great travel comfort, the beads of the tire are disposed axially inwardly on the rim to such an extent that the beads are disposed completely axially inwardly of the step extensions.
Abstract: A process is disclosed for the continuous embossing of the surface of flexible (i.e., soft-elastic) sheets or lengths of foam material optionally laminated to a synthetic resin film or a flat textile form or facing wherein the sheet of foam material is superficially plasticized by heating and is exposed to an embossing pressure by means of a perforated metallic embossing belt or band in accordance with a desired embossing pattern. The belt is removed after cooling and solidification of the embossed surface of the sheet of foam material.
Abstract: There is described a novel fabric for use in tire building. The fabric is of open square construction and has a tackified finish to ease construction of tire carcases. A method of making the fabric is described as well as a method of making a tire using the fabric.
August 6, 1984
Date of Patent:
April 26, 1988
Milliken Industrials Limited
Charles N. Berczi, Werner K. Hess, Herbert J. Lohr
Abstract: The pneumatic vehicle tire comprises a radial ply carcass, two side walls, a tread member and a belt or breaker comprising at least one cord layer. The tread member is composed of a base layer positioned closer to the tire axis and a cap layer arranged on top thereof. For particularly favorably affecting the rolling behavior of the tire the base layer forms a trough in which the cap layer is accommodated.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for building a tire comprising fitting a patterned cavity of a tread mould with unvulcanized tread composition, shaping the radially inner surface of the tread to a first profile to accommodate a tread reinforcement breaker, consolidating the assembly and shaping its radially inner surface to a second profile, fitting a tire carcass into the second profile, completing the tire assembly, vulcanizing the assembly in the tread mould and removing it from the mould. The method includes various means for fitting the components for consolidating them and for forming the required profiles for subsequent components.
Abstract: An apparatus for applying a tire material such as carcass ply to a molding drum in a tire molding process wherein the cut leading end of the ply is caused to pressure-adhere onto the molding drum by a leading-end applying and pressure-adhering roller. The molding drum is caused to rotate at an angle less than one rotation, and thereafter the ply is cut by the cutter mechanism, and the molding drum is further rotated to join the cut trailing end of the ply with the cut leading end, while the roller is pressure-adhering the cut trailing end of the ply against the molding drum.
Abstract: A plasma processor, for dry etching during a fabricating process for an integrated circuit semiconductor device, including a plasma generating region formed in a waveguide into which microwave power is transmitted. An etchant gas is introduced into the plasma generating region and a plasma is generated. The plasma generating region and a reacting region are kept at a specific gas pressure differential by an evacuating device. The radicals (active etching species) react with the underside of a turned wafer placed on a base plate in the reacting region because the gas is blown against the underside of the wafer by the pressure differential. In particular, the wafer is etched by etchant gases floating the wafer by blowing the gases out of holes in the base plate. The floating wafer processing method provides a higher processing rate and better etching uniformity.
Abstract: A tire building machine including flanges which have a surface to allow for the positioning and disengagement of a tire. The positioning and disengagement of the tire on the machine is effected by the surface interaction between the bead portions of the tire and the surface area of the flange. The surface area of the flange in the present invention includes a plurality of bead portion bearing surfaces to facilitate the release of the bead portions. In addition, the surface area of the flange is designed to reduce friction between the bead portions and the flange.
Abstract: A method of interconnecting first and second material plies, each having one side coated with a thermoplastic material uses continuously rotatable pressing rollers and a heating gas. The marginal edge portion of an uncoated side of the first ply is folded back upon itself to form a pocket along its edge and after a strip having thermoplastic coating on each side is folded lengthwise, it is inserted into the pocket. The marginal edge portion of a thermoplastically coated face of the second ply is then positioned over the folded-over marginal edge portion of the first ply. Thermoplastic material between the folded-over portion of the first ply and the marginal portion of the second ply and between the folded portions of the strip are then heated so that they become plastic and they are pressed together to press the portions to be bonded together.
Abstract: A method of manufacturing an automotive seat is disclosed which comprises the step of placing a trim cover assembly over a cushion member of foam material. In the method, a thermally weldable adhesive cloth is interposed between the trim cover assembly and the cushion member and is then welded by means of heating/pressure operation so that the trim cover assembly can be adhesively attached to the surface of the cushion member. Thus, the method provides such a seat that is improved in finishing as well as durability.
Abstract: A pneumatic radial passenger-car tire comprising a carbon fiber cord layer disposed between a carcass layer on the side of an inner liner and a bead filler all along the circumference of the tire, and having a height thereof between a bead heel and the top end thereof equal to or larger than the height of the bead filler between the bead heel and the top end thereof.
Abstract: The tread reinforcing belt structure (24) of a pneumatic tire (10) has at least one belt ply (29) of flat steel wire. The belt ply of flat steel wire is stiffened by other components of the tread reinforcing structure such as belt plies of steel cables (28,30). It is especially important that the axially outermost edge portions of the belt ply of flat steel wires be supported by other components of the tread reinforcing belt structure, and that the flat wire have specific cross-sectional dimensions.
September 3, 1986
Date of Patent:
March 29, 1988
The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
David A. Kindry, Jerold R. Buenger, Roger D. Emerson, Richard M. Oblath, Roger A. Fleming
Abstract: An annular band is positioned between a tire carcass and the crown portion. The band is comprised of individual laminate sheets that are pre-impregnated with a high fracture toughness resin that resists microtears. The individual sheets of the band are stitched together thereby enhancing the interlaminar shear resistance of the band. The curing process is expedited by co-curing the band, positioned in place, over the tire carcass. A plastic film covers the interface between the band and adjacent rubber to prevent contamination of the interface materials.
Abstract: A pneumatic tire at least partially reinforced with steel cords. Most of steel filaments of said steel cords comprise iron materials having carbon content of 0.75 to 0.85 percent by weight. Said steel cords have an preferred tensile strength (TS) calculated from the following formula; ##EQU1## wherein W is the weight (g/m) of a steel cord, D is the diameter (mm) of the steel filament and N is the number of steel filaments of a steel cord and said steel cords also have a maintenance ratio of the knot strength of more than 60%.
Abstract: Tire building apparatus in which a former is mounted on a first rotatable turret, and a component carrier of tubular form is mounted on a second rotatable turret adjacent the first turret. The former and the component carrier are arranged to be relatively movable at a turret station to enable the former to be surrounded by the component carrier so as to permit transfer of a tire building component between the former and the component carrier.
Abstract: A radial tire for high internal pressure, comprising a carcass having an innermost ply formed of nylon fiber cords and at least one ply of aramid fiber cords disposed outside the innermost ply, whereby the weight is able to be decreased without a sacrifice of durability.
Abstract: A filter for removing dusts from fluids, which comprises fibers bonded each other with a binder and/or hot-pressed, having a fiber density of 0.01 to 0.1 at the side of inflow of fluid to be treated and a fiber density of 0.05 to 0.5 at the side of outflow of the fluid with a continuous fiber density gradient and having a uniform distribution of fiber material in direction of thickness, and a process for the production thereof. The filter is particularly useful as an air filter for automobiles or air conditioner.