Abstract: A radial piston pump is provided with a plurality of valve/piston cartridges. Each cartridge includes the piston and at least one of the valves connecting the piston to the inlet and outlet passages of the pump. The bearings for the main rotor are pre-loaded using a threadedly adjustable end quill. Once adjusted, the end guill is held in location by a pin or the like. The rotor itself is provided with counterweights to balance the eccentric cam surface. These features allow construction of a pump housing which is substantially a single unit, rather than two pump halves. A significant reduction in the number of machined bores also is obtained.
June 15, 1988
Date of Patent:
April 10, 1990
Deere & Company
Roger J. Nelson, Donald J. Macdonald, Arlen W. Koelling, William L. Snyder
Abstract: An automatic pump protection system is comprised of a plurality of sensors for measuring process parameters indicative of a loss of pump suction or of pump motor failure. Analysis of the parameters is performed by a microprocessor in order to determine whether conditions leading to a loss of pump suction or pump motor failure are present. The microprocessor then automatically initiates pump protective action in response to the foregoing analysis by tripping the pump or by providing an alternate suction source.
Abstract: Horizontal Crankshaft Hermetic Compressor for use in refrigeration appliances. According to the present invention the compressor is fitted out with an oil pump having features of positive displacement, which ensures even at start up moments of the compressor an efficient lubrication of the bearings. The oil pump proposed has low energy consumption and supplies a continuous and adequate oil flow for lubricating the compressor without affecting in any perceivable manner its efficiency. According to the invention, the oil pump comprises a cylindric and eccentric portion (23) of the crankshaft (7) which is disposed with a flexible blade (25) within a cylindrical housing (26). This cylindrical housing (26) is provided in one of the bearings (5,6) supporting the crankshaft (7) or in a front cover (37) of the sub bearing (6).
September 28, 1987
Date of Patent:
February 20, 1990
Caio M. F. N. DaCosta, Dietmar E. B. Lilie, Marcos G. D. DeBortoli
Abstract: A rolling rotor motor/compressor is provided with counterweights for mechanical balancing while permitting radial movement of the rotor/piston. This permits unloading of the compressor such as when there is a liquid slug. The rotor/piston and the counterweights are driven by diametrically opposed windings so that the rotor/piston does not drive the counterweights with attendant power/capacity reductions.
Abstract: An air conditioning system includes a refrigerating circuit, and a variable capacity compressor forming part of the refrigerating circuit and having a high pressure zone and a device for varying the delivery quantity thereof in response to pressure in the high pressure zone. A high pressure communication passage communicates the high pressure zone with the refrigerating circuit. A pressure control valve is associated with the high pressure zone and the high pressure communication passage, and is operable in response to the pressure in the high pressure zone to reduce the opening degree of the high pressure communication passage when the pressure in the high pressure zone is lower than a predetermined value.
Abstract: In a variable capacity compressor having a rotary type cylinder compartment (24a), plural return ports (33) formed in a volume-decrease-step space in the cylinder compartment (24a), an exit (34) formed in a volume-increase-step space in the cylinder compartment (24a), a C-shaped guide passage (35) for connecting the plural return ports (33) and the exit (34), an arc-shaped slider (36) provided slidably for gradually opening and closing the plural return ports (33), a spring (37) for pushing the arc-shaped slider (36), and a pressure control valve (42) for pushing the arc-shaped slider (36) in opposite direction to the pushing of the spring are provided; and thereby a wide variable capacity range is realized with compact size and high efficiency.
October 22, 1987
Date of Patent:
January 2, 1990
Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
Abstract: A rotary compressor is comprised of a first housing having an intake chamber for receiving therein a fluid of variable pressure, and a second housing having an inner peripheral surface to define a working chamber and an inlet communicating between the working and intake chambers. A rotor is rotatably mounted in the working chamber and has a vane slidably supported in the rotor to maintain contact with the inner peripheral surface of the second housing during the rotation of the rotor to thereby compress the fluid flowing into the working chamber through the inlet. A rotary valve is rotatably disposed between the intake chamber and working chamber for regulating the flow rate of the fluid flowing through the inlet in response to angular displacement of the rotary valve. A piston is slidably disposed in a cylinder provided in the first housing.
Abstract: A bearing arrangement of an external axial rotary piston blower for gaseous medium having a housing which consists of an interior runaway surface and two side parts through which shafts project upon which pistons rotating therewith form working chambers. The shafts of these pistons have ball bearings with lip flap or face seals for sealing-off of gas pressure in the working chambers as well as externally of these bearings having transmission gears journalled with respect to the side parts. Bearing necks or collars are formed and provided with the ball bearings for the shafts of the pistons and these annular grooves are open extending radially outwardly. Groove walls on the transmission side along with inner edges of the gear rings of the gears of the transmission form an annular gap of closest narrow tolerance. A further annular gap can be provided between the bores for the shafts and the bearing necks and the hubs of the gears of the transmission.
Abstract: Disclosed is an improved peritoneal access system for providing repeated, long term access through the peritoneum, as for patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis. The system includes a catheter tube extending through an implantable percutaneous access device (PAD) formed of a cylindrical neck and a buttonlike annular skirt. A portion of the catheter tube external to the PAD has a bellows integrally formed therein permitting the tube to be bent and moved without restricting fluid flow or stressing the PAD. The internal portion of the catheter tube has a sharp right angle below the PAD to tunnel the tube in a subcutaneous plane to the peritoneal penetration site and a position-adjustable collar for anchoring/sealing the cathether tube near the upper surface of the peritoneum.
December 9, 1986
Date of Patent:
December 12, 1989
Victor L. Poirier, Kurt A. Dasse, Mark A. Bowen, Benedict D. T. Daly
Abstract: A variable displacement swash-plate type compressor suitable for use as a refrigerant compressor of an automotive air conditioner has a cylinder block having a plurality of cylinder bores each slidably receiving a double-headed piston, a shaft driven by an automotive engine, a swash plate tiltably mounted on the shaft for rotation therewith to reciprocatorily move the pistons, and a spool for moving the swash plate axially of the shaft and changing the angle of tilt of the swash plate. The swash plate and the shaft are connected in such a manner that, when the swash plate is axially moved while changing its tilting angle, the position of stroke end of each piston is changed only in a working chamber on one end of the piston, whereas no change in the position of the stroke end occurs in the other working chamber on the other end of the piston.
Abstract: A variable displacement compressor comprises a plurality of pistons revived in a plurality of through-holes formed in a cylinder block arranged in a fixed relationship with a rotary shaft journaled by a stationary part, and a piston drive mechanism including a wobble plate supported on the rotary shaft for wobbling movement. The wobble plate is arranged in opposition to the cylinder block and rotatably holding one ends the pistons.
Abstract: An electrical device which includes axially aligned solenoids and a plunger with two cores, each of which is located at least partially in a respective one of the solenoids. A controller, operated by synchronism with the plunger, is used to energize the solenoids alternately so that the plunger is reciprocated relatively to the solenoids by the action of the resulting magnetic field on the cores. The device may be combined with a pump, particularly a piston pump, to provide a compact, efficient pumping unit which may be submersible.
Abstract: A hermetically sealed rotary compressor is disclosed wherein gas compressed within a compression chamber defined by a cylinder block is discharged through respective discharge ports in the main and outboard bearings defining the ends of the cylinder. Mufflers are provided on the outside ends of the bearings into which the compressed gas is expanded. A constricting gas passageway extending through the bearings and the cylinder block provides a path for constricted flow of gas from one muffler to the other. The constricted gas expands upon entry into the other muffler, thereby providing a cooler recombined discharge gas for use in cooling oil in the oil sump and cooling the motor stator windings.
Abstract: A gas compressor of the variable volume type having a rotary plate which is rotated to move recesses therein communicating with a compression chamber of a cylinder relative to communication ports formed in a front side block fixed to the one side of the cylinder so that the volume of the compression chamber may be made variable in accordance with the fast or slow running state of the gas compressor. The rotary plate is moved rotatably by means of a self-contained and self-actuated hydraulic cylinder which is driven by oil within the compressor in response to the intake pressure of the compressor's intake chamber.
Abstract: A pressure-limiting valve coaxial with the drive shaft is installed in a multi-piston pump. The valve is biased by a compression spring to closed condition to prevent output flow from the pump into a pressure-collecting dome of the housing. The spring is supported for reaction against a gasket having a throttle bore leading directly for flow toward a return chamber wherein the end of the pump shaft is a radial wall. When pressure in the pressure-collecting dome reaches a certain value, it will open the pressure-limiting valve against spring bias to relieve pressure through the throttle bore back into the suction channels of the pump. However, the relief flow through the throttle bore causes heating of the oil, an effect which is an important purpose of the invention on pump start-up. Thus, by making the return flow of reduced viscosity due to heating, such oil impinging against the shaft of the pump does not cause a sudden shift of the shaft against the pump housing.
Abstract: In a wobble plate type compressor having a wobble plate that converts a rotational motion of a rotatable drive plate having a variable angle of inclination to a linear reciprocating motion of a piston, a method of controlling the wobble plate type compressor to control a displacement of the compressor by changing an angle of inclination of the wobble plate according to a pressure difference between a pressure in a crankcase chamber acting on one side of the piston and a suction pressure acting on the other side of the piston. A solenoid-operated control valve is disposed in a pressure control passage extending from a discharge chamber to the crankcase chamber. The control valve is opened and closed to control the above-mentioned pressure difference, thus controlling the angle of inclination of the wobble plate. An opening of the control valve is increased during a period in which the displacement of the compressor is to be reduced, according to a displacement rapid reduction command signal.
Abstract: A multi-piston swash plate type compressor for an air-conditioning system used in a vehicle such as an automobile, the compressor having combined cylinder blocks closed, at both axial end faces thereof, by front and rear housings each having a radially inner suction chamber and an outer discharge chamber isolated from the suction chamber, valve plates interposed between the axial end faces of the combined cylinder blocks and the front and rear housings, respectively, a plurality of elongated screw bolts axially and hermetically assembling the combined cylinder blocks, the front and rear housings and the valve plates, and an internal sealing and guiding unit arrnaged in the suction chambers of the front and rear housings for rigidly holding the valve plates against a high pressure of a refrigerant after compression, to reinforce the hermetic seal between the axial end faces of the combined cylinder blocks and the valve plates, and for guiding refrigerant flows within the suction chamber to provide a uniform di
Abstract: Air-operated vacuum pump assemblies are disclosed which provide a maximum vacuum force and a large vacuum flow per volume of air consumption. The present venturi pump assemblies comprise one or more solid ejector housings each having a single longitudinal bore comprising two or more linear exit passage sections, each said passage section being larger than and spaced from the passage section exhausting thereinto. Vacuum chambers between the exit passage sections each communicate with a surface of the pump housing through transverse bores, to a common vacuum manifold through which vacuum flow can be drawn through each of the vacuum chambers of the linear exit passage sections for exhaust through the final downstream exit passage section.
Abstract: A reciprocating piston type refrigerant compressor is disclosed. The compressor includes a housing having a cylinder block provided with a plurality of cylinders and a crank chamber adjacent the cylinder block. A piston slides within each cylinder and is reciprocated by a drive mechanism which includes a rotary drive shaft, a rotor mounted on the drive shaft, and a coupling mechanism which converts the rotary motion of the rotor into the reciprocating motion of the pistons. The coupling mechanism includes an inclined member which has an inclined surface disposed at an adjustable incline angle. Accordingly, the stroke of the pistons within the cylinders can be changed by adjusting the incline angle of the inclined surface in response to the change of pressure in the crank chamber.
Abstract: A variable capacity compressor including a pumping device, and a control element the position of which can be changed to determine the capacity of the pumping device. The compressor comprises: a detector for detecting change in the position of the control element in a continuous manner; and a capacity-indicating device for visually indicating an output value thereof in a manner continuously variable in response to a continuous change in output from the detector, whereby the output value visually indicated by the capacity-indicating device varies continuously with a continuous change in the capacity of the pumping device.