Patents by Inventor Sanjiv Garg

Sanjiv Garg has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 8074052
    Abstract: A tag monitoring system for assigning tags to instructions embodied in software on a tangible computer-readable storage medium. A source supplies instructions to be executed by a functional unit. A queue having a plurality of slots containing tags which are used for tagging instructions. A register file stores information required for the execution of each instruction at a location in the register file defined by the tag assigned to that instruction. A control unit monitors the completion of executed instructions and advances the tags in the queue upon completion of an executed instruction. The register file also contains a plurality of read address enable ports and corresponding read output ports. Each of the slots from the queue is coupled to a corresponding one of the read address enable ports. Thus, the information for each instruction can be read out of the register file in program order.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Kevin R. Iadonato, Trevor A. Deosaran, Sanjiv Garg
  • Patent number: 8019975
    Abstract: The present invention provides a system and method for managing load and store operations necessary for reading from and writing to memory or I/O in a superscalar RISC architecture environment. To perform this task, a load store unit is provided whose main purpose is to make load requests out of order whenever possible to get the load data back for use by an instruction execution unit as quickly as possible. A load operation can only be performed out of order if there are no address collisions and no write pendings. An address collision occurs when a read is requested at a memory location where an older instruction will be writing. Write pending refers to the case where an older instruction requests a store operation, but the store address has not yet been calculated. The data cache unit returns 8 bytes of unaligned data. The load/store unit aligns this data properly before it is returned to the instruction execution unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: Seiko-Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Cheryl Senter Brashears, Johannes Wang, Le Trong Nguyen, Derek J. Lentz, Yoshiyuki Miyayama, Sanjiv Garg, Yasuaki Hagiwara, Te-Li Lau, Sze-Shun Wang, Quang H. Trang
  • Patent number: 7979678
    Abstract: A system and method for performing register renaming of source registers in a processor having a variable advance instruction window for storing a group of instructions to be executed by the processor, wherein a new instruction is added to the variable advance instruction window when a location becomes available. A tag is assigned to each instruction in the variable advance instruction window. The tag of each instruction to leave the window is assigned to the next new instruction to be added to it. The results of instructions executed by the processor are stored in a temp buffer according to their corresponding tags to avoid output and anti-dependencies. The temp buffer therefore permits the processor to execute instructions out of order and in parallel. Data dependency checks for input dependencies are performed only for each new instruction added to the variable advance instruction window and register renaming is performed to avoid input dependencies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Trevor A. Deosaran, Sanjiv Garg, Kevin R. Iadonato
  • Patent number: 7958337
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for executing instructions having a program order. The apparatus comprising a temporary buffer, tag assignment logic, a plurality of functional units, a plurality of data paths, a register array, a retirement control block, and a superscalar instruction retirement unit. The temporary buffer includes a plurality of temporary buffer locations to store result data for executed instructions, wherein the temporary buffer locations are arranged in a plurality of groups of temporary buffer locations. The tag assignment logic is configured to concurrently assign a tag to each instruction in a first set of instructions, wherein the tags are assigned such that the respective tag assigned to each of the instructions in the first set of instructions identifies a different one of the temporary buffer locations in a first one of the groups of temporary buffer locations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Johannes Wang, Sanjiv Garg, Trevor Deosaran
  • Patent number: 7941635
    Abstract: The high-performance, RISC core based microprocessor architecture includes an instruction fetch unit for fetching instruction sets from an instruction store and an execution unit that implements the concurrent execution of a plurality of instructions through a parallel array of functional units. The fetch unit generally maintains a predetermined number of instructions in an instruction buffer. The execution unit includes an instruction selection unit, coupled to the instruction buffer, for selecting instructions for execution, and a plurality of functional units for performing instruction specified functional operations. A unified instruction scheduler, within the instruction selection unit, initiates the processing of instructions through the functional units when instructions are determined to be available for execution and for which at least one of the functional units implementing a necessary computational function is available.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Assignee: Seiko-Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Le Trong Nguyen, Derek J. Lentz, Yoshiyuki Miyayama, Sanjiv Garg, Yasuaki Hagiwara, Johannes Wang, Te-Li Lau, Sze-Shun Wang, Quang H. Trang
  • Patent number: 7941636
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is an apparatus that implements multiple typed register sets, and applications thereof. The apparatus includes an execution unit and a register file. The execution unit is configured to execute instructions including one or more fields. The register file is configured to store operands defined by the one or more fields and is configured to store results of execution of the instructions in a destination defined by the one or more fields. The register file includes (i) a first register set having a register configured to store data of a single data type and (ii) a second register set having a register configured to store data of a plurality of data types.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Assignee: Intellectual Venture Funding LLC
    Inventors: Sanjiv Garg, Derek J. Lentz, Le Trong Nguyen, Sho Long Chen
  • Patent number: 7934078
    Abstract: An system and method for retiring instructions in a superscalar microprocessor which executes a program comprising a set of instructions having a predetermined program order, the retirement system for simultaneously retiring groups of instructions executed in or out of order by the microprocessor. The retirement system comprises a done block for monitoring the status of the instructions to determine which instruction or group of instructions have been executed, a retirement control block for determining whether each executed instruction is retirable, a temporary buffer for storing results of instructions executed out of program order, and a register array for storing retirable-instruction results.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2011
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Johannes Wang, Sanjiv Garg, Trevor Deosaran
  • Patent number: 7802074
    Abstract: A register renaming system for out-of-order execution of a set of reduced instruction set computer instructions having addressable source and destination register fields, adapted for use in a computer having an instruction execution unit with a register file accessed by read address ports and for storing instruction operands. A data dependance check circuit is included for determining data dependencies between the instructions. A tag assignment circuit generates one or more tags to specify the location of operands, based on the data dependencies determined by the data dependance check circuit. A set of register file port multiplexers select the tags generated by the tag assignment circuit and pass the tags onto the read address ports of the register file for storing execution results.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2010
    Inventors: Sanjiv Garg, Kevin Ray Iadonato, Le Trong Nguyen, Johannes Wang
  • Patent number: 7739482
    Abstract: A high-performance, superscalar-based computer system with out-of-order instruction execution for enhanced resource utilization and performance throughput. The computer system fetches a plurality of fixed length instructions with a specified, sequential program order (in-order). The computer system includes an instruction execution unit including a register file, a plurality of functional units, and an instruction control unit for examining the instructions and scheduling the instructions for out-of-order execution by the functional units. The register file includes a set of temporary data registers that are utilized by the instruction execution control unit to receive data results generated by the functional units. The data results of each executed instruction are stored in the temporary data registers until all prior instructions have been executed, thereby retiring the executed instruction in-order.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Le Trong Nguyen, Derek J. Lentz, Yoshiyuki Miyayama, Sanjiv Garg, Yasuaki Hagiwara, Johannes Wang, Te-Li Lau, Sze-Shun Wang, Quang H. Trang
  • Patent number: 7721070
    Abstract: A high-performance, superscalar-based computer system with out-of-order instruction execution for enhanced resource utilization and performance throughput. The computer system fetches a plurality of fixed length instructions with a specified, sequential program order (in-order). The computer system includes an instruction execution unit including a register file, a plurality of functional units, and an instruction control unit for examining the instructions and scheduling the instructions for out-of-order execution by the functional units. The register file includes a set of temporary data registers that are utilized by the instruction execution control unit to receive data results generated by the functional units. The data results of each executed instruction are stored in the temporary data registers until all prior instructions have been executed, thereby retiring the executed instruction in-order.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2010
    Inventors: Le Trong Nguyen, Derek J. Lentz, Yoshiyuki Miyayama, Sanjiv Garg, Yasuaki Hagiwara, Johannes Wang, Te-Li Lau, Sze-Shun Wang, Quang H. Trang
  • Publication number: 20100106942
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is an apparatus that implements multiple typed register sets, and applications thereof. The apparatus includes an execution unit and a register file. The execution unit is configured to execute instructions including one or more fields. The register file is configured to store operands defined by the one or more fields and is configured to store results of execution of the instructions in a destination defined by the one or more fields. The register file includes (i) a first register set having a register configured to store data of a single data type and (ii) a second register set having a register configured to store data of a plurality of data types.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2009
    Publication date: April 29, 2010
    Inventors: Sanjiv GARG, Derek J. Lentz, Le Trong Nguyen, Sho Long Chen
  • Patent number: 7685402
    Abstract: A register system for a data processor which operates in a plurality of modes. The register system provides multiple, identical banks of register sets, the data processor controlling access such that instructions and processes need not specify any given bank. An integer register set includes first (RA[23:0]) and second (RA[31:24]) subsets, and a shadow subset (RT[31:24]). While the data processor is in a first mode, instructions access the first and second subsets. While the data processor is in a second mode, instructions may access the first subset, but any attempts to access the second subset are re-routed to the shadow subset instead, transparently to the instructions, allowing system routines to seemingly use the second subset without having to save and restore data which user routines have written to the second subset. A re-typable register set provides integer width data and floating point width data in response to integer instructions and floating point instructions, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2010
    Inventors: Sanjiv Garg, Derek J. Lentz, Le Trong Nguyen, Sho Long Chen
  • Publication number: 20090235053
    Abstract: A system and method for performing register renaming of source registers in a processor having a variable advance instruction window for storing a group of instructions to be executed by the processor, wherein a new instruction is added to the variable advance instruction window when a location becomes available. A tag is assigned to each instruction in the variable advance instruction window. The tag of each instruction to leave the window is assigned to the next new instruction to be added to it. The results of instructions executed by the processor are stored in a temp buffer according to their corresponding tags to avoid output and anti-dependencies. The temp buffer therefore permits the processor to execute instructions out of order and in parallel. Data dependency checks for input dependencies are performed only for each new instruction added to the variable advance instruction window and register renaming is performed to avoid input dependencies.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 26, 2009
    Publication date: September 17, 2009
    Applicant: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Trevor A. Deosaran, Sanjiv Garg, Kevin R. Iadonato
  • Patent number: 7558945
    Abstract: A system and method for performing register renaming of source registers in a processor having a variable advance instruction window for storing a group of instructions to be executed by the processor, wherein a new instruction is added to the variable advance instruction window when a location becomes available. A tag is assigned to each instruction in the variable advance instruction window. The tag of each instruction to leave the window is assigned to the next new instruction to be added to it. The results of instructions executed by the processor are stored in a temp buffer according to their corresponding tags to avoid output and anti-dependencies. The temp buffer therefore permits the processor to execute instructions out of order and in parallel. Data dependency checks for input dependencies are performed only for each new instruction added to the variable advance instruction window and register renaming is performed to avoid input dependencies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2009
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Trevor A. Deosaran, Sanjiv Garg, Kevin R. Iadonato
  • Patent number: 7555631
    Abstract: A register system for a data processor which operates in a plurality of modes. The register system provides multiple, identical banks of register sets, the data processor controlling access such that instructions and processes need not specify any given bank. An integer register set includes first (RA[23:0]) and second (RA[31:24]) subsets, and a shadow subset (RT[31:24]). While the data processor is in a first mode, instructions access the first and second subsets. While the data processor is in a second mode, instructions may access the first subset, but any attempts to access the second subset are re-routed to the shadow subset instead, transparently to the instructions, allowing system routines to seemingly use the second subset without having to save and restore data which user routines have written to the second subset. A re-typable register set provides integer width data and floating point width data in response to integer instructions and floating point instructions, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2009
    Inventors: Sanjiv Garg, Derek J. Lentz, Le Trong Nguyen, Sho Long Chen
  • Patent number: 7555632
    Abstract: The high-performance, RISC core based microprocessor architecture includes an instruction fetch unit for fetching instruction sets from an instruction store and an execution unit that implements the concurrent execution of a plurality of instructions through a parallel array of functional units. The fetch unit generally maintains a predetermined number of instructions in an instruction buffer. The execution unit includes an instruction selection unit, coupled to the instruction buffer, for selecting instructions for execution, and a plurality of functional units for performing instruction specified functional operations. A unified instruction scheduler, within the instruction selection unit, initiates the processing of instructions through the functional units when instructions are determined to be available for execution and for which at least one of the functional units implementing a necessary computational function is available.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2009
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Le Trong Nguyen, Derek J. Lentz, Yoshiyuki Miyayama, Sanjiv Garg, Yasuaki Hagiwara, Johannes Wang, Te-Li Lau, Sze-Shun Wang, Quang H. Trang
  • Publication number: 20090158014
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for executing instructions having a program order. The apparatus comprising a temporary buffer, tag assignment logic, a plurality of functional units, a plurality of data paths, a register array, a retirement control block, and a superscalar instruction retirement unit. The temporary buffer includes a plurality of temporary buffer locations to store result data for executed instructions, wherein the temporary buffer locations are arranged in a plurality of groups of temporary buffer locations. The tag assignment logic is configured to concurrently assign a tag to each instruction in a first set of instructions, wherein the tags are assigned such that the respective tag assigned to each of the instructions in the first set of instructions identifies a different one of the temporary buffer locations in a first one of the groups of temporary buffer locations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2009
    Publication date: June 18, 2009
    Applicant: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Johannes Wang, Sanjiv Garg, Trevor Deosaran
  • Patent number: 7523296
    Abstract: An system and method for retiring instructions in a superscalar microprocessor which executes a program comprising a set of instructions having a predetermined program order, the retirement system for simultaneously retiring groups of instructions executed in or out of order by the microprocessor. The retirement system comprises a done block for monitoring the status of the instructions to determine which instruction or group of instructions have been executed, a retirement control block for determining whether each executed instruction is retirable, a temporary buffer for storing results of instructions executed out of program order, and a register array for storing retirable-instruction results.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2009
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Johannes Wang, Sanjiv Garg, Trevor Deosaran
  • Patent number: 7516305
    Abstract: An system and method for retiring instructions in a superscalar microprocessor which executes a program comprising a set of instructions having a predetermined program order, the retirement system for simultaneously retiring groups of instructions executed in or out of order by the microprocessor. The retirement system comprises a done block for monitoring the status of the instructions to determine which instruction or group of instructions have been executed, a retirement control block for determining whether each executed instruction is retirable, a temporary buffer for storing results of instructions executed out of program order, and a register array for storing retirable-instruction results.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2009
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Johannes Wang, Sanjiv Garg, Trevor Deosaran
  • Patent number: 7487333
    Abstract: A high-performance, superscalar-based computer system with out-of-order instruction execution for enhanced resource utilization and performance throughput. The computer system fetches a plurality of fixed length instructions with a specified, sequential program order (in-order). The computer system includes an instruction execution unit including a register file, a plurality of functional units, and an instruction control unit for examining the instructions and scheduling the instructions for out-of-order execution by the functional units. The register file includes a set of temporary data registers that are utilized by the instruction execution control unit to receive data results generated by the functional units. The data results of each executed instruction are stored in the temporary data registers until all prior instructions have been executed, thereby retiring the executed instruction in-order.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2009
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Le-Trong Nguyen, Derek J Lentz, Yoshiyuki Miyayama, Sanjiv Garg, Yasuaki Hagiwara, Johannes Wang, Te-Li Lau, Sze-Shun Wang, Quang H Trang