Patents by Inventor Selena Chan

Selena Chan has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20050244820
    Abstract: The present methods and apparatus concern the detection and/or identification of target analytes using probe molecules. In various embodiments of the invention, the probes or analytes are attached to one or more cantilevers. Binding of a probe to an analyte results in deflection of the cantilever, detected by a detection unit. A counterbalancing force may be applied to restore the cantilever to its original position. The counterbalancing force may be magnetic, electrical or radiative. The detection unit and the mechanism generating the counterbalancing force may be operably coupled to an information processing and control unit, such as a computer. The computer may regulate a feedback loop that maintains the cantilever in a fixed position by balancing the deflecting force and the counterbalancing force. The concentration of analytes in a sample may be determined from the magnitude of the counterbalancing force required to maintain the cantilever in a fixed position.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 20, 2005
    Publication date: November 3, 2005
    Inventors: Xing Su, Selena Chan, Tae-Woong Koo, Mineo Yamakawa, Andrew Berlin
  • Publication number: 20050221508
    Abstract: The present invention is based on the discovery that the methods described herein for the production of metallic colloids result in colloids exhibiting increased signal enhancement and reproducibility for the SERS detection of biomolecules. Thus, using the methods of the invention, a wide variety of biomolecules can be detected with a greater sensitivity and reliability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 19, 2005
    Publication date: October 6, 2005
    Inventors: Tae-Woong Koo, Selena Chan, Xing Su, Jingwu Zhang, Lei Sun
  • Publication number: 20050221510
    Abstract: The present invention is based on the discovery that the methods described herein for the production of metallic colloids result in colloids exhibiting increased signal enhancement and reproducibility for the SERS detection of biomolecules. Thus, using the methods of the invention, a wide variety of biomolecules can be detected with a greater sensitivity and reliability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 19, 2005
    Publication date: October 6, 2005
    Inventors: Tae-Woong Koo, Selena Chan, Xing Su, Jingwu Zhang, Lei Sun
  • Publication number: 20050221333
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are methods, apparatuses, and systems for performing nucleic acid sequencing reactions and molecular binding reactions in a microfluidic channel. The methods, apparatuses, and systems can include a restriction barrier to restrict movement of a particle to which a nucleic acid is attached. Furthermore, the methods, apparatuses, and systems can include hydrodynamic focusing of a delivery flow. In addition, the methods, apparatuses, and systems can reduce non-specific interaction with a surface of the microfluidic channel by providing a protective flow between the surface and a delivery flow.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2004
    Publication date: October 6, 2005
    Applicant: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Narayanan Sundararajan, Lei Sun, Yuegang Zhang, Xing Su, Selena Chan, Tae-Woong Koo, Andrew Berlin
  • Publication number: 20050221506
    Abstract: The present invention is based on the discovery that the methods described herein for the production of metallic colloids result in colloids exhibiting increased signal enhancement and reproducibility for the SERS detection of biomolecules. Thus, using the methods of the invention, a wide variety of biomolecules can be detected with a greater sensitivity and reliability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2004
    Publication date: October 6, 2005
    Applicant: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Tae-Woong Koo, Selena Chan, Xing Su, Jingwu Zhang, Lei Sun
  • Publication number: 20050221509
    Abstract: The present invention is based on the discovery that the methods described herein for the production of metallic colloids result in colloids exhibiting increased signal enhancement and reproducibility for the SERS detection of biomolecules. Thus, using the methods of the invention, a wide variety of biomolecules can be detected with a greater sensitivity and reliability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 19, 2005
    Publication date: October 6, 2005
    Inventors: Tae-Woong Koo, Selena Chan, Xing Su, Jingwu Zhang, Lei Sun
  • Publication number: 20050221507
    Abstract: Provided herein are methods for detecting molecular binding using surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). The SERS signal can be generated by associating one of the binding partners with a SERS-active particle or substrate. Binding is detected by detecting a change in a SERS signal after two binding partners are contacted with each other as compared to before the binding partners are contacted with each other. The method is useful for detecting binding of biomolecules such as antibodies to antigens and receptors to ligands.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2004
    Publication date: October 6, 2005
    Applicant: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Tae-Woong Koo, Selena Chan
  • Publication number: 20050208554
    Abstract: The methods, apparatus and compositions disclosed herein concern the detection, identification and/or sequencing of biomolecules, such as nucleic acids or proteins. In certain embodiments of the invention, coded probes comprising a probe molecule attached to one or more nanobarcodes may be allowed to bind to one or more target molecules. After binding and separation from unbound coded probes, the bound coded probes may be aligned on a surface and analyzed by scanning probe microscopy. The nanobarcodes may be any molecule or complex that is distinguishable by SPM, such as carbon nanotubes, fullerenes, submicrometer metallic barcodes, nanoparticles or quantum dots. Where the probes are oligonucleotides, adjacent coded probes hybridized to a target nucleic acid may be ligated together before alignment and SPM analysis. Compositions comprising coded probes are also disclosed herein. Systems for biomolecule analysis may comprise an SPM instrument and at least one coded probe attached to a surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2005
    Publication date: September 22, 2005
    Inventors: Selena Chan, Xing Su, Mineo Yamakawa
  • Publication number: 20050202468
    Abstract: The methods and apparatus disclosed herein are useful for detecting nucleotides, nucleosides, and bases and for nucleic acid sequence determination. The methods involve detection of a nucleotide, nucleoside, or base using surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) or surface enhanced coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (SECARS). The detection can be part of a nucleic acid sequencing reaction to detect uptake of a deoxynucleotide triphosphate during a nucleic acid polymerization reaction, such as a nucleic acid sequencing reaction. The nucleic acid sequence of a synthesized nascent strand, and the complementary sequence of the template strand, can be determined by tracking the order of incorporation of nucleotides during the polymerization reaction. Methods for enhancing the SERS signal of a nucleotide or nucleoside by cleaving the base from a sugar moiety are provided. Furthermore, methods for detecting single base repeats are provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 23, 2004
    Publication date: September 15, 2005
    Inventors: Tae-Woong Koo, Andrew Berlin, Selena Chan, Xing Su, Narayanan Sundararajan, Lei Sun
  • Publication number: 20050196876
    Abstract: The invention provides methods used to analyze the contents of a biological sample, such as blood serum, with cascade Raman sensing. A fluorescence producing nanoporous biosensor having probes that bind specifically to known analytes is contacted with a biological sample and one or more bound complexes coupled to the porous semiconductor structure are formed. The bound complexes are contacted with a Raman-active probe that binds specifically to the bound complexes and the biosensor is illuminated to generate fluorescent emissions from the biosensor. These fluorescent emissions generate Raman signals from the bound complexes. The Raman signals produced by the bound complexes are detected and the Raman signal associated with a bound protein-containing analyte is indicative of the presence of the protein-containing compound in the sample. The invention methods are useful to provide a protein profile of a patient sample. The invention also provides detection systems useful to practice the invention methods.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2003
    Publication date: September 8, 2005
    Applicant: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Selena Chan, Tae-Woong Koo
  • Publication number: 20050186576
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses for sequencing single polymer molecules, such as a nucleic acid strand, are discussed. A discussed method comprises dividing a polymer sample into a number of polymer subsamples equal to the number of different monomer types and partially labeling only one of the monomer types in each polymer subsample. The method may further comprise placing a subsample into a reaction chamber, sequentially separating each monomer from the polymer subsample, and detecting the labels of each separated labeled monomer as a function of time. The time between each labeled monomer may be used to construct a monomer-time map for each polymer sub-sample using overlapping data analysis and frequency analysis. Time maps may then be assembled/aligned into a polymer sequence from the monomer-time maps of each of the polymer subsamples using non-overlapping data analysis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 19, 2004
    Publication date: August 25, 2005
    Applicant: INTEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Selena Chan, Xing Su, Andrew Berlin, Tae-Woong Koo
  • Publication number: 20050147977
    Abstract: A population of labeled probes is provided that utilize an encoding system in which both the intensity and specific characteristics of a signal molecule are utilized to reduce the number of signal molecules necessary to identify each member of the population of probes. In the population of labeled probes, each labeled probe includes a probe associated with a series of detectably distinguishable signal molecules. The number and type of signal molecules identifies the associated probe, and the number of probes in the population exceeds the number of unique signal molecules. The population of probes are used in methods of the invention and reaction mixtures of the invention, for identifying a target molecule and for sequencing a nucleic acid molecule, for example.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2003
    Publication date: July 7, 2005
    Inventors: Tae-Woong Koo, Selena Chan
  • Publication number: 20050148100
    Abstract: Various methods of using Raman-active or SERS-active probe constructs to detect analytes in biological samples, such as the protein-containing analytes in a body fluid are provided. The probe moieties in the Raman-active constructs are selected to bind to and identify specific known analytes in the biological sample or the probe moieties are designed to chemically interact with functional groups commonly found in certain amino acids so that the invention methods provide information about the amino acid composition of protein-containing analytes or fragments in the samples. In some cases, the Raman-active or SERS-active probe constructs, when used in the invention methods, can identify particular protein-containing analytes or types of such analytes so that a protein profile of a patient sample can be made. When compared to a data base of Raman or SERS spectra of normal samples, a disease state of a patient can be identified using the methods disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 30, 2003
    Publication date: July 7, 2005
    Applicant: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Xing Su, Andrew Berlin, Tae-Woong Koo, Selena Chan, Lei Sun
  • Publication number: 20050147979
    Abstract: The methods and apparatus disclosed herein are useful for detecting nucleotides, nucleosides, and bases and for nucleic acid sequence determination. The methods involve detection of a nucleotide, nucleoside, or base using surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) or surface enhanced coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (SECARS). The detection can be part of a nucleic acid sequencing reaction to detect uptake of a deoxynucleotide triphosphate during a nucleic acid polymerization reaction, such as a nucleic acid sequencing reaction. The nucleic acid sequence of a synthesized nascent strand, and the complementary sequence of the template strand, can be determined by tracking the order of incorporation of nucleotides during the polymerization reaction. Methods for enhancing the SERS signal of a nucleotide or nucleoside by cleaving the base from a sugar moiety are provided. Furthermore, methods for detecting single base repeats are provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 30, 2003
    Publication date: July 7, 2005
    Applicant: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Tae-Woong Koo, Andrew Berlin, Selena Chan, Xing Su, Narayanan Sundararajan, Lei Sun
  • Publication number: 20050148098
    Abstract: The invention provides methods for analyzing the protein content of a biological sample, for example to obtain a protein profile of a sample provided by a particular individual. The proteins and protein fragments in the sample are separated on the basis of chemical and/or physical properties and maintained in a separated state at discrete locations on a solid substrate or within a stream of flowing liquid. Raman spectra are then detected as produced by the separated proteins or fragments at the discrete locations such that a spectrum from a discrete location provides information about the structure or identity of one or more particular proteins or fragments at the discrete location. The proteins or fragments at discrete locations can be coated with a metal, such as gold or silver, and/or the separated proteins can be contacted with a chemical enhancer to provide SERS spectra. Method and kits for practicing the invention are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 30, 2003
    Publication date: July 7, 2005
    Inventors: Xing Su, Lei Sun, Mineo Yamakawa, Tae-Woong Koo, Selena Chan, Andrew Berlin, Narayanan Sundararajan
  • Publication number: 20050026163
    Abstract: The present methods and apparatus concern nucleic acid sequencing by incorporation of nucleotides into nucleic acid strands. The incorporation of nucleotides is detected by changes in the mass and/or surface stress of the structure. In some embodiments of the invention, the structure comprises one or more nanoscale or microscale cantilevers. In certain embodiments of the invention, each different type of nucleotide is distinguishably labeled with a bulky group and each incorporated nucleotide is identified by the changes in mass and/or surface stress of the structure upon incorporation of the nucleotide. In alternative embodiments of the invention only one type of nucleotide is exposed at a time to the nucleic acids. Changes in the properties of the structure may be detected by a variety of methods, such as piezoelectric detection, shifts in resonant frequency of the structure, and/or position sensitive photodetection.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2003
    Publication date: February 3, 2005
    Inventors: Narayanan Sundararajan, Andrew Berlin, Mineo Yamakawa, Xing Su, Selena Chan, Tae-Woong Koo
  • Publication number: 20040219072
    Abstract: Microfluidic apparatus including integrated porous substrate/sensors that may be used for detecting targeted biological and chemical molecules and compounds. In one aspect, upper and lower microfluidic channels are defined in respective halves of a substrate, which are sandwiched around a porous membrane upon assembly. In other aspect, the upper and lower channels are formed such that a portion of the lower channel passes beneath a portion of the upper channel to form a cross-channel area, wherein the membrane is disposed between the two channels. In various embodiments, one or more porous membranes are disposed proximate to corresponding cross-channel areas defined by one or more upper and lower channels. The porous membrane may also have sensing characteristics, such that it produces a change in an optical and/or electronic characteristic.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 27, 2004
    Publication date: November 4, 2004
    Applicant: INTEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mineo Yamakawa, John Heck, Selena Chan, Narayan Sundararajan
  • Publication number: 20040213443
    Abstract: In certain embodiments of the invention, a plurality of images of one or more subjects may be captured using different imaging techniques, such as different modalities of scanning probe microscopy. Parameters may be estimated from the plurality of images, using one or more models of known molecular structures to provide a model-based analysis. The estimated parameters may be fused, with further input from physical models of known molecular structures. The fused parameters may be used to characterize the subjects. Such characterization may include the detection and/or identification of specific molecular structures, such as proteins, peptides and/or nucleic acids of known sequence and/or structure. In some embodiments of the invention the structural characterizations may be used to identify previously unknown properties of a subject molecule.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 14, 2003
    Publication date: October 28, 2004
    Inventors: Horst Haussecker, Andrew A. Berlin, Selena Chan, Eric Hannah, Narayanan Sundararajan, Mineo Yamakawa
  • Publication number: 20040209280
    Abstract: The present methods and apparatus 100 concern nucleic acid 214 sequencing by incorporation of nucleotides 218 into nucleic acid strands 220. The incorporation of nucleotides 218 is detected by changes in the mass and/or surface stress of the structure 116, 212. In some embodiments of the invention, the structure 116, 212 comprises one or more nanoscale or microscale cantilevers. In certain embodiments of the invention, each different type of nucleotide 218 is distinguishably labeled with a bulky group and each incorporated nucleotide 218 is identified by the changes in mass and/or surface stress of the structure 116, 212 upon incorporation of the nucleotide 218. In alternative embodiments of the invention only one type of nucleotide 218 is exposed at a time to the nucleic acids 214, 220. Changes in the properties of the structure 116, 212 may be detected by a variety of methods, such as piezoelectric detection, shifts in resonant frequency of the structure 116, 212, and/or position sensitive photodetection.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2003
    Publication date: October 21, 2004
    Inventors: Narayan Sundararajan, Andrew A. Berlin, Mineo Yamakawa, Xing Su, Selena Chan, Tae-Woong Koo
  • Patent number: 6806543
    Abstract: Microfluidic apparatus including integrated porous substrate/sensors that may be used for detecting targeted biological and chemical molecules and compounds. In one aspect, upper and lower microfluidic channels are defined in respective halves of a substrate, which are sandwiched around a porous membrane upon assembly. In another aspect, the upper and lower channels are formed such that a portion of the lower channel passes beneath a portion of the upper channel to form a cross-channel area, wherein the membrane is disposed between the two channels. In various embodiments, one or more porous membranes are disposed proximate to corresponding cross-channel areas defined by one or more upper and lower channels. The porous membrane may also have sensing characteristics, such that it produces a change in an optical and/or electronic characteristic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2004
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Mineo Yamakawa, John Heck, Selena Chan, Narayan Sundararajan