Magnesium Base Patents (Class 148/420)
  • Patent number: 10468577
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a magnesium-based thermoelectric conversion material of the present invention includes a raw material-forming step of forming a raw material for sintering by adding silicon oxide in an amount within a range equal to or greater than 0.5 mol % and equal to or smaller than 13.0 mol % to a magnesium-based compound, and a sintering step of heating the raw material for sintering at a temperature within a range equal to or higher than 750° C. and equal to or lower than 950° C. while applying pressure equal to or higher than 10 MPa to the raw material for sintering so as to form a sintered substance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORPORATION
    Inventor: Yoshinobu Nakada
  • Patent number: 10287657
    Abstract: There is provided a Mg—N-A based magnesium material (A is a metal or non-metal element configuring a nitride, N: nitrogen originating from the nitride). The magnesium material includes a spherical Mg—N-A eutectic phase and nitrogen atoms are dispersed in a magnesium matrix, whereby mechanical and ignition properties of the magnesium material are improved, as compared to a magnesium material or pure magnesium material in which the nitrogen atoms are not included and only the metal or non-metal element is included.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: Industry-Academic Cooperation Foundation, Yonsei University
    Inventors: DongHyun Bae, Hun Kang, SeungWon Kang
  • Patent number: 10266916
    Abstract: A grain refiner for a magnesium alloy according to the present invention contains aluminum (Al) and manganese (Mn), and contains a compound of aluminum (Al) and manganese (Mn) in the microstructure thereof, wherein the grain refiner is composed of a structure in which, in the compound of aluminum (Al) and manganese (Mn), the area of the compound having an Al/Mn compositional (atomic) ratio of 4-4.5 is larger than the area of the compound having an Al/Mn compositional (atomic) ratio of 5.5-6.5. When the grain refiner is added to molten magnesium, crystal grains can be refined to 50-100 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: KOREA INSTITUTE OF MACHINERY & MATERIALS
    Inventors: Jun-ho Bae, Bong-sun You, Young-min Kim, Ha-sik Kim, Chang-dong Lim, Byeong-gi Moon, Sung-hyuk Park
  • Patent number: 9822432
    Abstract: A magnesium alloy that forms a stable protective film on the surface of molten metal, having excellent ignition resistance restricting natural ignition of a chip thereof as well as having excellent strength and ductility, so that the Mg alloy can be melted and cast in the air or a common inert atmosphere. The magnesium alloy includes, by weight, 7.0% or greater but less than 11% of Al, 0.05% to 2.0% of Ca, 0.05% to 2.0% of Y, greater than 0% but not greater than 6.0% of Zn, and the balance of Mg, and the other unavoidable impurities. The total content of the Ca and the Y is equal to or greater than 0.1% but less than 2.5% of the total weight of the magnesium alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Assignee: KOREA INSTITUTE OF MACHINERY & MATERIALS
    Inventors: Young Min Kim, Ha Sik Kim, Bong Sun You, Chang Dong Yim
  • Patent number: 9759035
    Abstract: At least a portion of a wellbore isolation device consists essentially of: a metal alloy, wherein the metal alloy: (A) comprises magnesium at a concentration of at least 50% by volume of the metal alloy; and (B) at least partially dissolves in the presence of an electrolyte. A method of removing the wellbore isolation device comprises: contacting or allowing the wellbore isolation device to come in contact with an electrolyte; and allowing at least a portion of the metal alloy to dissolve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2017
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael L. Fripp, Zachary W. Walton, Zachary R. Murphree
  • Patent number: 9708700
    Abstract: The present invention provides a magnesium-lithium alloy having both corrosion resistance and cold workability balanced at high levels, a certain degree of tensile strength, and very light weight, as well as a rolled material and a formed article made of this alloy. The alloy of the invention contains not less than 10.5 mass % and not more than 16.0 mass % Li, not less than 0.50 mass % and not more than 1.50 mass % Al, and the balance of Mg, and has an average crystal grain size of not smaller than 5 ?m and not larger than 40 ?m, and a tensile strength of not lower than 150 MPa or a Vickers hardness (HV) of not lower than 50.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: SANTOKU CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kenki Kin, Takeki Matsumura, Shinji Namba, Shinichi Umino, Takayuki Goto, Yuji Tanibuchi, Yukihiro Yokoyama
  • Patent number: 9702033
    Abstract: The present invention provides a very lightweight magnesium-lithium alloy which has both corrosion resistance and cold workability balanced at high levels, a certain degree of tensile strength, low surface electrical resistivity, as well as a rolled material and a formed article made of the alloy, and a method of producing the alloy, by means of a magnesium-lithium alloy containing not less than 10.5 mass % and not more than 16.0 mass % Li, not less than 0.50 mass % and not more than 1.50 mass % Al, and the balance of Mg, and having an average crystal grain size of not smaller than 5 ?m and not larger than 40 ?m, a tensile strength of not lower than 150 MPa, and a surface electrical resistivity of not higher than 1? as measured with an ammeter by pressing a cylindrical two-point probe with a pin-to-pin spacing of 10 mm and a pin tip diameter of 2 mm (contact surface area of one pin is 3.14 mm2), against an alloy surface at a load of 240 g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Assignee: SANTOKU CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kenki Kin, Takeki Matsumura, Shinji Namba, Shinichi Umino, Takayuki Goto
  • Patent number: 9702028
    Abstract: A magnesium-based alloy powder is made of a magnesium-based alloy that contains 0.2 mass % to 5 mass % of calcium, wherein the magnesium-based alloy powder has an average particle diameter of 100 ?m to 1,500 ?m, wherein the magnesium-based alloy powder has a particle average aspect ratio of 0.5 to 1, wherein the magnesium-based alloy powder has an apparent density of 0.2 g/cm3 to 1.2 g/cm3, and wherein the mean value of hardness variation index values obtained by dividing the difference of the maximum value and the minimum value of micro Vickers hardnesses taken at 10 measurement points in a particle cross section by the maximum value is 0.3 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Isamu Otsuka, Hiroyoshi Otaka
  • Patent number: 9593397
    Abstract: An alloy and an implant having a three-dimensional structure based on such alloy. The alloy comprises a MgZnCa alloy containing nanosized precipitates being less noble than the Mg matrix alloy and having a Zn content ranging 0.1 wt. % Zn to 2 wt. % Zn and a calcium content ranging from 0.2 wt. % to 0.5 wt. %, and having less than 0.04 wt. % of one or more other elements with the remainder being Mg. For these micro-alloys, any second phase generated during the solidification process can be completely dissolved by a solution heat treatment. Finely dispersed nanosized precipitates can then be generated by a subsequent aging heat treatment step. These precipitates are used to “pin” the grain boundaries and to prevent the coarsening of the grain structure during further processing to achieve grain sizes below 5 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2017
    Assignee: DePuy Synthes Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas Imwinkelried, Stefan Beck, Peter Uggowitzer, Joerg Loeffler
  • Patent number: 9518314
    Abstract: A production method of an extrusion billet includes a step of preparing a plate or lump starting material comprising a magnesium alloy, a step of performing a plastic deformation process at a rolling reduction of 70% or more to the starting material at a temperature of 250° C. or lower to introduce a strain without generating dynamic recrystallization, a step of producing powder by granulating the material after the plastic deformation process, and a step of producing a powder billet by compressing the powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Assignees: KURIMOTO LTD.
    Inventors: Katsuyoshi Kondoh, Makoto Hotta, Jinsun Liao, Kantaro Kaneko, Norio Fujii, Hirohito Kametani, Akihiko Koshi
  • Patent number: 9447482
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a magnesium-based alloy, and to a method for producing same. The method comprises the steps of: melting a magnesium alloy into a liquid state; adding a silicon compound to said molten magnesium alloy; exhausting the silicon compound through a full reaction between said molten magnesium alloy and said added silicon compound such that the silicon compound does not substantially remain in the magnesium alloy; and exhausting the silicon produced as a result of said exhaustion in the precious step such that the silicon may not substantially remain in said magnesium alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Assignee: KOREA INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Shae K. Kim, Young Ok Yoon, Jin Kyu Lee, Jung Ho Seo, Hyun Kyu Im
  • Patent number: 9373840
    Abstract: A negative electrode active material for a secondary battery contains an aluminum alloy. The internal structure of the aluminum alloy has a crystalline aluminum phase in a magnesium-supersaturated solid solution state, and an amorphous aluminum phase. The amorphous aluminum phase is dispersed in the crystalline aluminum phase in the magnesium-supersaturated solid solution state. Each of these phases has a columnar shape. The magnesium content of the aluminum alloy preferably is greater than 22 at % and less than 35 at %, and more preferably, lies within a range of 25±2 at %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2016
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kenshi Inoue
  • Patent number: 9362015
    Abstract: Growth and characterization of low cost, and high efficiency micro- and nanostructured p-n heterojunction solar cells through eutectic solidification are provided. Eutectic solidification results in self-assembly of lamellar or rod-like domains with length scales from hundreds of nanometers to micrometers that can be used for efficient extraction of minority carriers in metallurgical-grade materials. The material having a eutectic or near-eutectic composition can be used in making a low-cost and efficient inorganic solar cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2016
    Assignee: The Regents Of The University Of Michigan
    Inventor: Akram Boukai
  • Patent number: 9334554
    Abstract: A magnesium alloy sheet having good press formability, a magnesium alloy structural member produced by pressing the sheet, and a method for producing a magnesium alloy sheet are provided. The magnesium alloy sheet is composed of a magnesium alloy containing Al and Mn. When a region from a surface of the alloy sheet to 30% of the thickness of the alloy sheet in a thickness direction of the magnesium alloy sheet is defined as a surface region and when a 200 ?m2 sub-region is arbitrarily selected from this surface region, the number precipitated impurity grains containing both Al and Mg and having a maximum diameter of 0.5 to 5 ?m is 5 or less. When a 50 ?m2 sub-region is arbitrarily selected from the surface region, the number of crystallized impurity grains containing both Al and Mn and having a maximum diameter of 0.1 to 1 ?m is 15 or less. In the grains of the crystallized phases, the mass ratio Al/Mn of Al to Mn is 2 to 5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2016
    Assignee: SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Takahiko Kitamura, Yukihiro Oishi, Nozomu Kawabe
  • Patent number: 9085815
    Abstract: Provided is a magnesium alloy for room temperature, which is manufactured by adding CaO onto a surface of a molten magnesium alloy and exhausting the CaO through a reduction reaction of the CaO with the molten magnesium alloy. Resultantly, the magnesium alloy with CaO added has more improved room-temperature mechanical properties (tensile strength, yield strength, elongation) than magnesium alloys without using CaO. Furthermore, as the added amount of CaO increases, room-temperature mechanical properties (tensile strength, yield strength, elongation) increase as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2015
    Assignee: KOREA INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Shae K. Kim, Jung-Ho Seo
  • Patent number: 9045335
    Abstract: A hydrogen absorbing and desorbing material formed by co-deposition of magnesium with a catalyst for the kinetic absorption and desorption of hydrogen. A hydrogen absorbing and desorbing material formed of an alloy of magnesium with a catalyst for the kinetic absorption and desorption of hydrogen in which the catalyst for the kinetic absorption and desorption of hydrogen forms a dispersed amorphous or nanocrystalline phase in the magnesium. A hydrogen absorbing and desorbing material having a catalytic surface formed by a process comprising the steps of depositing a layer of tantalum on the hydrogen absorbing and desorbing material and depositing a layer of palladium on the layer of tantalum. A hydrogen absorbing and desorbing material comprises a multilayer film having at least two layers of magnesium and at least two layers of catalyst for the kinetic absorption and desorption of hydrogen, in which the multilayer film comprises alternating layers of magnesium and catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Assignee: The Governors of the University of Alberta
    Inventors: David Mitlin, Beniamin Zahiri, Mohsen Danaie, Babak Shalchi Amirkhiz, XueHai Tan, Erik Luber, Christopher Harrower, Peter Kalisvaart
  • Publication number: 20150129092
    Abstract: A magnesium alloy includes <3% by weight of Zn, ?0.6% by weight of Ca, with the rest being formed by magnesium containing impurities, which favor electrochemical potential differences and/or promote the formation of intermetallic phases, in a total amount of no more than 0.005% by weight of Fe, Si, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Al, Zr and P, wherein the alloy contains elements selected from the group of rare earths with the atomic number 21, 39, 57 to 71 and 89 to 103 in a total amount of no more than 0.002% by weight.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Heinz Mueller, Peter Uggowitzer, Joerg Loeffler
  • Publication number: 20150129091
    Abstract: A magnesium alloy includes 3 to 7.0% Zn, 0.001 to 0.5% Ca, the remainder being magnesium containing impurities, which promote electrochemical potential differences and/or the formation of intermetallic phases, in a total amount of no more than 0.005 of Fe, Si, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Al, Zr and P, wherein the alloying elements are selected from the group of the rare earths having the ordinal numbers 21, 39, 57 to 71 and 89 to 103 in a total amount of no more than 0.001% by weight.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Heinz Mueller, Peter Uggowitzer, Joerg Loeffler
  • Publication number: 20150119995
    Abstract: A magnesium alloy, implants and method for the production thereof. The magnesium alloy includes 1.5 to 7.0% by weight Zn, 0.5 to 3.5% by weight Al, the remainder being magnesium which contains impurities, which promote electrochemical potential differences and/or the formation of precipitations and/or intermetallic phases, in a total amount of no more than 0.0063% by weight of Fe, Si, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zr, Y, Sc or rare earths having the ordinal numbers 21, 57 to 71 and 89 to 103, Be, Cd, In, Sn and/or Pb as well as P.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 20, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Heinz Mueller, Peter Uggowitzer, Joerg Loeffler
  • Publication number: 20150090374
    Abstract: To provide a magnesium alloy having high incombustibility, high strength and high ductility together. A magnesium alloy including Ca in an amount of “a” atomic %, Al in an amount of “b” atomic % and a residue of Mg, including (Mg, Al)2Ca in an amount of “c” volume %, wherein “a”, “b” and “c” satisfy the following equations (1) to (4), and having the (Mg, Al)2Ca dispersed therein. 3?a?7??(1) 4.5?b?12??(2) 1.2?b/a?3.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 16, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Yoshihito Kawamura, Michiaki Yamasaki
  • Publication number: 20150083285
    Abstract: A magnesium alloy of the present invention has the chemical composition that contains 0.02 mol % or more and less than 0.1 mol % of at least one element selected from yttrium, scandium, and lanthanoid rare earth elements, and magnesium and unavoidable impurities accounting for the remainder. A magnesium alloy member of the present invention is produced by hot plastic working of the magnesium alloy in a temperature range of 200° C. to 550° C., followed by an isothermal heat treatment performed in a temperature range of 300° C. to 600° C. The magnesium alloy is preferred for use in applications such as in automobiles, railcars, and aerospace flying objects. The magnesium alloy and the magnesium alloy member can overcome the yielding stress anisotropy problem, and are less vulnerable to the rising price of rare earth elements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 28, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: Hidetoshi Somekawa, Yoshiaki Osawa, Toshiji Mukai, Alok Singh, Kota Washio, Akira Kato
  • Publication number: 20150080998
    Abstract: A magnesium alloy and to a method for the production thereof and implants made thereof. The magnesium alloy includes up to 6.0% by weight Zn, and preferably 2.0 to 4.0% by weight Zn, 2.0 to 10.0% by weight Al, and preferably 3.0 to 6.0% by weight Al, where % by weight Al?% by weight Zn shall apply, the remainder being magnesium containing impurities, which promote electrochemical potential differences and/or the formation of precipitations and/or intermetallic phases, in a total amount of no more than 0.0063% by weight of Fe, Si, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zr, Y, Sc or rare earths having the ordinal numbers 21, 57 to 71 and 89 to 103, Be, Cd, In, Sn and/or Pb as well as P, and the matrix of the alloy is solid solution hardening due to Al and An and is also particle hardening due to the intermetallic phases formed of Mg and Al.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Heinz Mueller, Peter Uggowitzer, Joerg Loeffler
  • Publication number: 20150047756
    Abstract: Provided is an Mg alloy and a method for producing same able to demonstrate high strength without requiring an expensive rare earth element (RE). The high-strength Mg alloy containing Ca and Zn within a solid solubility limit and the remainder having a chemical composition comprising Mg and unavoidable impurities is characterized in comprising equiaxial crystal particles, there being a segregated area of Ca and Zn along the (c) axis of a Mg hexagonal lattice within the crystal particle, and having a structure in which the segregated area is lined up by Mg3 atomic spacing in the (a) axis of the Mg hexagonal lattice. The method for producing the high-strength Mg alloy is characterized in that Ca and Zn are added to Mg in a compounding amount corresponding to the above composition and, after homogenization heat treating an ingot formed by dissolution and casting, the above structure is formed by subjecting the ingot to hot processing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 6, 2012
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Applicants: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPORATION KOBE UNIVERSITY, NATIONAL INSITITUTE FOR MATERIALS SCIENCE
    Inventors: Kota Washio, Akira Kato, Toshiji Mukai, Alok Singh, Hidetoshi Somekawa
  • Publication number: 20150000800
    Abstract: The invention belongs to magnesium alloy design field, and relates to a low-cost high-plasticity wrought magnesium alloy. The magnesium alloy is made from the raw materials with components as follows: between 0.10% and 1.00% by mass of tin, between 0.10% and 3.00% by mass of aluminum, between 0.10% and 1.00% by mass of manganese, and commercially pure magnesium and inevitable impurities in balance. The magnesium alloy is prepared by the steps of: melting magnesium and aluminum, adding tin and then adding microalloyed element manganese, stirring, refining, casting to form ingots followed by homogenized heat treatment, and extruding to obtain a corresponding profile; or directly extruding to obtain a corresponding profile without homogenization. The invention is characterized by controlling the content of the high-cost raw material tin through using the raw material aluminum that is low in cost and low in melting point to obtain a low-cost high-plasticity wrought magnesium alloy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2014
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: Chongqing University
    Inventors: Fusheng PAN, Jia SHE, Aitao TANG, Jian PENG, Xianhua CHEN
  • Publication number: 20140373982
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a magnesium alloy sheet with low Gd content and high ductility and its hot rolling technology, which belongs to the field of metal material technology. The chemical components of the magnesium alloy sheet, based on the mass percent, take up respectively: 0.9˜2.1% as Zn, 0.2˜0.8% as rare earth element, namely Gd, 0˜0.9% as Mn, and the rest as Mg. The magnesium alloy sheet of the present invention is added with relatively lower rare earth element, Gd, which reduces the alloy costs; in addition, magnesium alloy has good rolling performance, which can realize continuous, multi-pass and large-deformation rolling, and also ensure the sheets rolled have non-basal texture and high room-temperature elongation which reaches 35˜50%, wherein the elongation, ?, in the rolling direction is no less than 35% and that in the horizontal direction no less than 45%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2013
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Applicant: Institute of Metal Research Chinese Academy of Sciences
    Inventors: Rongshi Chen, Hong Yan, Enhou Han, Wei Ke
  • Patent number: 8906293
    Abstract: An object of the invention is to provide a magnesium alloy having high strength and sufficient formability. A magnesium alloy mainly contains magnesium and has high tensile strength and high compression strength. The crystal grain structure of the alloy has a high angle grain boundary, and the inside of the crystal grain surrounded by the high angle grain boundary is composed of subgrains.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: National Institute for Materials Science
    Inventors: Toshiji Mukai, Hidetoshi Somekawa, Tadanobu Inoue, Alok Singh
  • Publication number: 20140332121
    Abstract: A magnesium alloy having high ductility and high toughness, and a preparation method thereof are provided, in which the magnesium alloy includes 1.0-3.5 wt % of tin, 0.05-3.0 wt % of zinc, and the balance of magnesium and inevitable impurities, and a preparation method thereof. Magnesium alloy with a relatively small tin content is added with zinc, and optionally, with one or more alloy elements selected from aluminum, manganese and rare earth metal, at a predetermined content ratio. As a result, the alloy exhibits superior ductility and moderate strength due to the suppression of excessive formation of precipitates and some precipitates hardening effect, respectively. Accordingly, compared to extruded material prepared from conventional commercial magnesium alloys, higher ductility and toughness are provided, so that the alloy can be widely applied over the entire industries including automotive and aerospace industries.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2014
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: KOREA INSTITUTE OF MACHINERY AND MATERIALS
    Inventors: Sung Hyuk Park, Young Min Kim, Ha-Sik Kim, Bong Sun You, Chang Dong Yim
  • Patent number: 8840736
    Abstract: An endoprosthesis, in particular an intraluminal endoprosthesis such as a stent, includes a carrier structure, which includes at least one component containing a magnesium alloy of the following composition: Magnesium: between about 60.0 and about 88.0% by weight Rare earth metals: between about 2.0 and about 30.0% by weight Yttrium: between about 2.0% and about 20.0% by weight Zirconium: between about 0.5% and about 5.0% by weight Balance: between 0 and about 10.0% by weight wherein the alloy components add up to 100% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Biotronik VI Patent AG
    Inventors: Claus Harder, Marc Kuttler, Bodo Gerold
  • Patent number: 8815148
    Abstract: Multi-component magnesium-based alloy consisting essentially of about 1.0-15.0 wt. % of scandium, about 0.1-3.0 wt. % of yttrium, about 1.0-3.0 wt. % of rare-earth metal, about 0.1-0.5 wt. % of zirconium. Purity degree of magnesium base is not less of 99.995 wt. %. Impurities of Fe, Ni and Cu do not exceed 0.001 wt. % of everyone, the contents of other impurity in an alloy does not exceed 0.005 wt. %. The alloy demonstrates an improved combination of strength, deformability and corrosion resistance at room temperature. The alloy does not contain harmful and toxic impurities. The alloy can be used in the various practical applications demanding a combination of high strength, deformability and corrosion resistance, preferably in the field of medicine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Acrostak Corp. BVI
    Inventors: Youri Popowski, Igor Isakovich Papirov, Vladimir Sergeevitch Shokurov, Anatoliy Ivanovitch Pikalov, Sergey Vladimirovitch Sivtsov
  • Publication number: 20140212324
    Abstract: Provided by the present invention are a fine crystallite high-function metal alloy member, a method for manufacturing the same, and a business development method thereof, in which a crystallite of a metal alloy including a high-purity metal alloy whose crystal lattice is a face-centered cubic lattice, a body-centered cubic lattice, or a close-packed hexagonal lattice is made fine with the size in the level of nanometers (10?9 m to 10?6 m) and micrometers (10?6 m to 10?3 m), and the form thereof is adjusted, thereby remedying drawbacks thereof and enhancing various characteristics without losing superior characteristics owned by the alloy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 10, 2012
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: THREE-O CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Kazuo Ogasa
  • Patent number: 8790497
    Abstract: A process for treating the surface of magnesium alloy comprises providing a substrate made of magnesium alloy. The substrate is then treated with a chemical conversion treatment agent containing ammonium dihydrogen phosphate and potassium permanganate, to form a chemical conversion film on the substrate. A ceramic coating is then formed on the chemical conversion film using vacuum sputtering.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignees: Hong Fu Jin Precision Industry (ShenZhen) Co., Ltd., Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hsin-Pei Chang, Wen-Rong Chen, Huann-Wu Chiang, Cheng-Shi Chen, Dun Mao
  • Patent number: 8791005
    Abstract: A structure formed in an opening having a substantially vertical sidewall defined by a non-metallic material and having a substantially horizontal bottom defined by a conductive pad, the structure including a diffusion barrier covering the sidewall and a fill composed of conductive material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Mukta G. Farooq, John A. Fitzsimmons, Troy L. Graves-Abe
  • Patent number: 8784579
    Abstract: A process of grain refining magnesium metal or magnesium based alloy including the step of a) providing a melt of the magnesium metal or magnesium based alloy, said melt including a grain refining agent in an amount effective to induce grain refinement of said magnesium or magnesium based alloy upon solidification, wherein the grain refining agent is vanadium metal, where said grain refinement comprises a reduction in average grain size of at least 50% (percent) as compared with the average grain size without addition of said grain refining agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Inventor: Joka Buha
  • Publication number: 20140186207
    Abstract: According to one embodiment of the present invention, a cast alloy material is provided. The cast alloy material includes a matrix metal and an alloy element, wherein oxide particles in a nanometer scale are decomposed in the matrix metal, so that a new phase including a metal element that is a component of the oxide particles and the alloy element forms a band or network structure, wherein the metal element and the alloy element have a relationship of a negative heat of mixing, and wherein oxygen atoms formed by decomposition of the oxide particles are dispersed in the matrix metal and do not form an oxide with the matrix metal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 22, 2012
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERATION FOUNDATION, YONSEI UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Dong Hyun Bae, Hun Kang
  • Patent number: 8734564
    Abstract: Provided are a magnesium-based alloy and a manufacturing method thereof. In the method, a magnesium alloy is melted into liquid phase, and an alkaline earth metal oxide is added into a molten magnesium alloy. The alkaline earth metal oxide is exhausted through surface reduction reaction between the melt and the alkaline earth metal oxide. Alkaline earth metal produced by the exhaustion reacts with Mg and/or other alloying elements in the magnesium alloy so that an intermetallic compound is formed. The magnesium prepared by the method is excellent in fluidity and hot-tearing resistance. To this end, the alkaline earth metal oxide added is CaO, and the added amount of CaO is 1.4 to 1.7 times the target weight of Ca to be contained in the final Mg alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Industrial Technology
    Inventors: Shae K. Kim, Jung-Ho Seo
  • Publication number: 20140116580
    Abstract: Disclosed are a magnesium (Mg) alloy and a manufacturing method thereof. The Mg alloy has a composition including, by weight, 4% to 10% of Sn, 0.05% to 1.0% of Ca, 0.1% to 2% of at least one element selected from the group including Y and Er, the balance of Mg, and the other unavoidable impurities. The Mg alloy includes an Mg2Sn phase having excellent thermal stability, and is capable of being heat treated at a temperature of 480° C. or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 1, 2013
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: KOREA INSTITUTE OF MACHINERY & MATERIALS
    Inventors: Young Min Kim, Ha Sik Kim, Bong Sun You, Chang Dong Yim, Sung Hyuk Park
  • Patent number: 8657973
    Abstract: Magnesium-based alloy wire excelling in strength and toughness, its method of manufacture, and springs in which the magnesium-based alloy wire is utilized are made available. The magnesium-based alloy wire contains, in mass %, 0.1 to 12.0% Al, and 0.1 to 1.0% Mn, and is provided with the following constitution. Diameter d that is 0.1 mm or more and 10.0 mm or less; length L that is 1000d or more; tensile strength that is 250 MPa or more; necking-down rate that is 15% or more; and elongation that is 6% or more. Such wire is produced by draw-forming it at a working temperature of 50° C. or more, and by heating it to a temperature of 100° C. or more and 300° C. or less after the drawing process has been performed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignees: Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd., Sumitomo (SEI) Steel Wire Corp.
    Inventors: Yukihiro Oishi, Nozomu Kawabe
  • Patent number: 8636853
    Abstract: An Mg alloy provided with high strength and high ductility by matching the strength and ductility in tensile deformation and compressive deformation at the same levels is provided. The Mg alloy of the present invention is characterized by having a chemical composition consisting of Y: 0.1 to 1.5 at % and a balance of Mg and unavoidable impurities and having a microstructure with high Y regions with Y concentrations higher than an average Y concentration distributed at nanometer order sizes and intervals. The present invention further provides an Mg alloy characterized by having a chemical composition consisting of Y: more than 0.1 at % and a valance of Mg and unavoidable impurities, having a microstructure with high Y regions with Y concentrations higher than an average Y concentration distributed at nanometer order sizes and intervals and having an average recrystallized grain size within the range satisfying the following formula 1: ?0.87c+1.10<log d<1.14c+1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignees: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha, National Institute for Materials Science
    Inventors: Tetsuya Shoji, Akira Kato, Toshiji Mukai, Hidetoshi Somekawa
  • Patent number: 8632326
    Abstract: A device for manufacturing finely powdered spherical magnesium includes a gas compressor that compresses argon gas, a gas heating unit that heats the compressed argon gas, and a tundish that receives molten magnesium. The device further includes a reactor having a nozzle injection unit that injects heated argon gas into the reactor, a recovery unit that recovers magnesium powder produced in the reactor, and a first gas cooler that cools the argon gas passing through the recovery unit. The device further includes a filtering unit that filters the cooled argon gas, a buffer tank that receives the filtered argon gas, and a compression blower that adiabatically compresses the argon gas. The device further includes a second gas cooler that cools the compressed argon gas, an adiabatic expansion duct that adiabatically expands the cooled argon gas, supplies the expanded argon gas to the reactor, and cools the magnesium powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Inventor: Kyu Yeub Yeon
  • Publication number: 20130333809
    Abstract: There are provided a magnesium alloy material and a method for producing the magnesium alloy material. In a magnesium (Mg) alloy material (e.g., Mg alloy sheet) having a sheet-shaped portion with a thickness of 1.5 mm or more, when a region having ¼ the thickness of the sheet-shaped portion in a thickness direction from a surface of the sheet-shaped portion is defined as a surface region and a remaining region is defined as an internal region, the ratio OF/OC of the basal plane peak ratio OF in the surface region to the basal plane peak ratio OC (degree of orientation of (002) planes) in the internal region satisfies 1.05<OF/OC. A sheet-shaped Mg alloy material is obtained by performing rolling on a twin-roll continuous cast material with multiple passes at a reduction ratio of each pass of 25% or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 23, 2012
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Applicant: SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Yukihiro Oishi, Nobuyuki Mori, Ryuichi Inoue, Nozomu Kawabe
  • Patent number: 8591674
    Abstract: A method of enhancing the ductility of magnesium alloy sheets containing 85% or more by weight of magnesium is described. An annealed, substantially strain free, sheet of generally uniform grain size is locally deformed in local regions to develop strained ‘islands’ of a predetermined strain embedded in a substantially strain-free matrix and then annealed. The deformed regions undergo recrystallization and grain growth while the remainder of the sheet suffers only minor change in grain size, leading to sheet with grains having a bimodal size distribution. The ductility of alloys processed in this way is significantly greater than the ductility of the unprocessed, uniform grain size alloy without compromise to the tensile strength of the alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Sushil Kumar Mishra, Shashank Tiwari, Asim Tewari, Jon T. Carter, Deepika Sachdeva
  • Publication number: 20130220496
    Abstract: Provided are a magnesium alloy sheet having excellent corrosion resistance and a method for producing the same. The magnesium alloy sheet has dispersed therein particles of an intermetallic compound containing an additive element (e.g., Al) and Mg (a typical example of which is Mg17Al12), and the ratio obtained by dividing the diffraction intensity of the main diffraction plane (4,1,1) of the intermetallic compound by the diffraction intensity of the c plane (0,0,2) of the Mg alloy phase in an XRD analysis of the surface of the sheet is 0.040 or more. The method for producing a magnesium alloy sheet includes the following steps: a casting step of producing a cast material composed of a magnesium alloy containing an additive element by continuous casting; a heat treatment step of holding the cast material at 400° C. or higher and then cooling the cast material at a cooling rate of 30° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2011
    Publication date: August 29, 2013
    Applicant: SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Ryuichi Inoue, Kohji Inokuchi, Yukihiro Oishi, Nozomu Kawabe
  • Patent number: 8475608
    Abstract: Magnesium-based hydrogen storage alloys having metallic magnesium (Mg) and a magnesium-containing intermetallic compound (MgxMy wherein y is 1?x) and containing not less than 60 mass-% of magnesium in total, and having a phase of a primarily crystallized magnesium-containing intermetallic compound in its solidification structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Japan Metals and Chemicals Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masahito Osawa, Hidenori Tomioka, Naoyoshi Terashita, Noboru Hayami, Shigeru Tsunokake
  • Publication number: 20130118657
    Abstract: A method of enhancing the ductility of magnesium alloy sheets containing 85% or more by weight of magnesium is described. An annealed, substantially strain free, sheet of generally uniform grain size is locally deformed in local regions to develop strained ‘islands’ of a predetermined strain embedded in a substantially strain-free matrix and then annealed. The deformed regions undergo recrystallization and grain growth while the remainder of the sheet suffers only minor change in grain size, leading to sheet with grains having a bimodal size distribution. The ductility of alloys processed in this way is significantly greater than the ductility of the unprocessed, uniform grain size alloy without compromise to the tensile strength of the alloy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 11, 2011
    Publication date: May 16, 2013
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Sushil Kumar Mishra, Shashank Tiwari, Asim Tewari, Jon T. Carter, Deepika Sachdeva
  • Publication number: 20130029180
    Abstract: Magnesium-based alloy wire excelling in strength and toughness, its method of manufacture, and springs in which the magnesium-based alloy wire is utilized are made available. The magnesium-based alloy wire contains, in mass %, 0.1 to 12.0% Al, and 0.1 to 1.0% Mn, and is provided with the following constitution. Diameter d that is 0.1 mm or more and 10.0 mm or less; length L that is 1000d or more; tensile strength that is 250 MPa or more; necking-down rate that is 15% or more; and elongation that is 6% or more. Such wire is produced by draw-forming it at a working temperature of 50° C. or more, and by heating it to a temperature of 100° C. or more and 300° C. or less after the drawing process has been performed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 2, 2012
    Publication date: January 31, 2013
    Applicants: SUMITOMO (SEI) STEEL WIRE CORP., SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd., Sumitomo (SEI) Steel Wire Corp.
  • Patent number: 8333924
    Abstract: Provided is a high-strength and high-toughness magnesium alloy which has practical level of both the strength and the toughness for expanded applications of the magnesium alloys, and is a method for manufacturing thereof. The high-strength and high-toughness magnesium alloy of the present invention contains: a atom % in total of at least one metal of Cu, Ni, and Co; and b atom % in total of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Y, Dy, Er, Ho, Gd, Tb, and Tm, while a and b satisfying the following formulae (1) to (3), 0.2?a?10??(1) 0.2?b?10??(2) 2/3a?2/3<b.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2012
    Assignees: National University Corporation Kumamoto University, Chiba University
    Inventors: Yoshihito Kawamura, Michiaki Yamasaki, Takaomi Itoi, Mitsuji Hirohashi
  • Patent number: 8329094
    Abstract: A magnesium alloy having excellent strength and elongation at high temperatures and further having excellent creep characteristics at high temperatures. Also provided is a process for producing the alloy. In producing the magnesium alloy, a magnesium alloy containing yttrium and samarium in respective specific amounts is cast and the resultant cast is subjected to a solution heat treatment, subsequently hot working, and then an aging treatment, thereby reducing the average crystal grain diameter of the structure. In addition, the amounts of the yttrium and samarium in solution in the magnesium matrix are balanced with the number of precipitate particles of a specific size in the crystal grains. The magnesium alloy thus obtained has excellent strength and elongation at high temperatures and further having excellent creep characteristics at high temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshiaki Takagi, Mamoru Nagao
  • Patent number: 8308878
    Abstract: Magnesium-based alloy wire excelling in strength and toughness, its method of manufacture, and springs in which the magnesium-based alloy wire is utilized are made available. The magnesium-based alloy wire contains, in mass %, 0.1 to 12.0% Al, and 0.1 to 1.0% Mn, and is provided with the following constitution. Diameter d that is 0.1 mm or more and 10.0 mm or less; length L that is 1000 d or more; tensile strength that is 250 MPa or more; necking-down rate that is 15% or more; and elongation that is 6% or more. Such wire is produced by draw-forming it at a working temperature of 50° C. or more, and by heating it to a temperature of 100° C. or more and 300° C. or less after the drawing process has been performed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2012
    Assignees: Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd., Sumitomo (SEI) Steel Wire Corp.
    Inventors: Yukihiro Oishi, Nozomu Kawabe
  • Patent number: 8293031
    Abstract: A magnesium alloy, comprising: Y: 0.5-10? Zn: 0.5-6?? Ca: 0.05-1?? Mn: ??0-0.5 Ag: 0-1 Ce: 0-1 Zr: 0-1 or Si: 0-0.4, wherein the amounts are based on weight-percent of the alloy and Mg, and manufacturing-related impurities constitute the remainder of the alloy to a total of 100 weight-percent. Also disclosed is a method for manufacturing such an alloy and a biodegradable implant formed therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: Biotronik VI Patent AG
    Inventors: Bodo Gerold, Heinz Mueller, Joerg Loeffler, Anja Haenzi, Peter Uggowitzer
  • Patent number: 8268235
    Abstract: An implant consisting entirely or in part of a biocorrodible magnesium alloy having the composition Gd: 2.7-15.0 wt %, Zn: 0-0.5 wt %, Zr: 0.2-1.0 wt %, Nd: 0-4.5 wt %, Y: 0-2.0 wt %, where magnesium and impurities due to the production process account for the remainder to a total of 100 wt %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: Biotronik VI Patent AG
    Inventor: Bodo Gerold