Containing Over 50 Per Cent Metal, But No Base Metal Patents (Class 148/442)
  • Patent number: 11180833
    Abstract: There is provided a Cr-based two-phase alloy including two phases of a ferrite phase and an austenite phase that are mixed with each other. A chemical composition of the Cr-based two-phase alloy consists of a main component, an auxiliary component, impurities, a first optional auxiliary component, and a second optional auxiliary component. The main component consists of 33-61 mass % Cr, 18-40 mass % Ni and 10-33 mass % Fe, and a total content of the Ni and the Fe is 37-65 mass %. The auxiliary component consists of 0.1-2 mass % Mn, 0.1-1 mass % Si, 0.005-0.05 mass % Al, and 0.02-0.3 mass % Sn. The impurities include 0.04 mass % or less of P, 0.01 mass % or less of S, 0.03 mass % or less of C, 0.04 mass % or less of N, and 0.05 mass % or less of O.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2021
    Assignee: HITACHI, LTD.
    Inventors: Tomonori Kimura, Yasuhisa Aono, Makoto Ogata, Naoya Tokoo, Yasuo Kondo, Masafumi Noujima
  • Patent number: 11117208
    Abstract: In one aspect, composite preforms are provided for imparting wear resistance to superalloy articles. The composite preforms can be employed for metallurgically bonding alloy wear plates or pads to superalloy articles. A composite preform, in some embodiments, comprises a powder alloy composition comprising 1-30 wt. % nickel, 0.05-2 wt. % iron, 15-25 wt. % chromium, 10-30 wt. % molybdenum, 0-1 wt. % carbon, 1-5 wt. % silicon, 0.05-2 wt. % boron, 0-5 wt. % tungsten, 0-3 wt. % tantalum, 0-0.1 wt % manganese, 0-3 wt. % aluminum, 0-0.1 wt % yttrium and the balance cobalt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2021
    Assignee: KENNAMETAL INC.
    Inventors: Martin G. Perez, Michael Meyer, Robert W. Monds, Loretta M. Bell
  • Patent number: 10816479
    Abstract: A characterization system for performing optical characterization of a liquid sample in a process plant. The system includes a sample section for holding the liquid sample, an inlet having an inlet valve controlling a flow of the liquid sample into the sample section, an outlet having an outlet valve controlling a flow of the liquid sample out of the sample section, a pressurizer pressurizing the sample section, an agitator agitating the liquid sample inside the sample section when pressurized, a measuring device performing optical characterization of the liquid sample inside the sample section while the liquid sample is pressurized and agitate. The inlet and outlet valves are connected to a line pipe, and the system receives the liquid sample from the line pipe through the inlet valve, characterizes the liquid sample, and returns at least a part of the liquid sample to the line pipe through the outlet valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2020
    Assignee: PROXY ENGINEERING APS
    Inventor: Christian Woergaard
  • Patent number: 10808306
    Abstract: Provided is a Co—Ni-based alloy in which a crystal is easily controlled, a method of controlling a crystal of a Co—Ni-based alloy, a method of producing a Co—Ni-based alloy, and a Co—Ni-based alloy having controlled crystallinity. The Co—Ni-based alloy includes Co, Ni, Cr, and Mo, in which the Co—Ni-based alloy has a crystal texture in which a Goss orientation is a main orientation. The Co—Ni-based alloy preferably has a composition including, in terms of mass ratio: 28 to 42% of Co, 10 to 27% of Cr, 3 to 12% of Mo, 15 to 40% of Ni, 0.1 to 1% of Ti, 1.5% or less of Mn, 0.1 to 26% of Fe, 0.1% or less of C, and an inevitable impurity; and at least one kind selected from the group consisting of 3% or less of Nb, 5% or less of W, 0.5% or less of Al, 0.1% or less of Zr, and 0.01% or less of B.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignees: SEIKO INSTRUMENTS INC., TOHOKU UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Akihiko Chiba, Takuma Otomo, Yasunori Akasaka, Tomoo Kobayashi, Ryo Sugawara
  • Patent number: 10211457
    Abstract: Methods of preparing improved metal hydride alloy materials are provided. The alloys include a mixture of at least four of vanadium, titanium, nickel, chromium, and iron. The alloy is processed by at least one of thermal and physical treatment to generate a refined microstructure exhibiting improved kinetics when used as electrodes in MH batteries (e.g., higher discharge current). The thermal treatment includes rapid cooling of the alloy at greater than 104 K/s. The physical treatment includes mechanical pulverization of the alloy after cooling. The microstructure is a single phase (body centered cubic) with a heterogeneous composition including a plurality of primary regions having a lattice parameter selected from the range of 3.02 ? to 3.22 ? and a plurality of secondary regions having a lattice parameter selected from the range of 3.00 ? to 3.22 ? and at least one physical dimension having a maximum average value less than 1 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Nicholas J. Weadock, Hongjin Tan, Brent T. Fultz, Heng Yang
  • Patent number: 10109855
    Abstract: Hydrogen storage alloys comprising a metal oxide containing ?60 at % oxygen; and/or comprising a metal region adjacent to a boundary region, which boundary region comprises at least one channel; and/or comprising a metal region adjacent to a boundary region, where the boundary region has a length and an average width, where the average width is from about 12 nm to about 1100 nm; and/or comprising a metal oxide zone comprising a metal oxide, which oxide zone is aligned with at least one channel; and/or comprising a Ni/Cr metal oxide have improved electrochemical properties, for instance improved low temperature electrochemical performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2018
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Kwo Young, Diana Wong, Benjamin Chao, Michael A. Fetcenko
  • Patent number: 9856544
    Abstract: Hydrogen storage alloys comprising a) at least one main phase, b) a storage secondary phase and c) a catalytic secondary phase, where the weight ratio of the catalytic secondary phase abundance to the storage secondary phase abundance is ?3; or comprising a) at least one main phase, b) from 0 to about 13.3 wt % of a storage secondary phase and c) a catalytic secondary phase, where the alloy comprises from 0.05 at % to 0.98 at % of one or more rare earth elements; or comprising a) at least one main phase, b) from 0 to about 13.3 wt % of a storage secondary phase and c) a catalytic secondary phase, where the alloy comprises for example i) one or more elements selected from the group consisting of Ti, Zr, Nb and Hf and ii) one or more elements selected from the group consisting of V, Cr, Mn, Ni, Sn, Al, Co, Cu, Mo, W, Fe, Si, Sn and rare earth elements, where the atomic ratio of ii) to i) is from about 1.80 to about 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Kwo Young, Diana Wong, Jean Nei
  • Patent number: 9228250
    Abstract: The invention relates to an alloy comprising (in mass %) Ni 33-35%, Cr 26-28%, Mo 6-7%, Cu 0.5-1.5%, Mn 1.0-4%, Si max. 0.1%, Al 0.01-0.3%, C max. 0.01%, N 0.1-0.25%, B 0.001-0.004%, SE>0 to 1%, and Fe remainder, including unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2016
    Assignee: VDM Metals GmbH
    Inventors: Helena Alves, Rainer Behrens
  • Patent number: 9102561
    Abstract: An amorphous alloy contains 54 at % or more and 79 at % or less Re, 8 at % or more and 28 at % or less Ir, and 11 at % or more and 18 at % or less Nb. A molding die includes a release film composed of the amorphous alloy. A method for producing an optical element, the method including press-molding a glass preform with the molding die.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Hirotaka Fukushima, Satoko Midorikawa
  • Patent number: 9048004
    Abstract: Thermoelectric materials and methods of making thermoelectric materials having a nanometer mean grain size less than 1 micron. The method includes combining and arc melting constituent elements of the thermoelectric material to form a liquid alloy of the thermoelectric material and casting the liquid alloy of the thermoelectric material to form a solid casting of the thermoelectric material. The method also includes ball milling the solid casting of the thermoelectric material into nanometer mean size particles and sintering the nanometer size particles to form the thermoelectric material having nanometer scale mean grain size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Inventors: Zhifeng Ren, Xiao Yan, Giri Joshi, Shuo Chen, Gang Chen, Bed Poudel, James Christopher Caylor
  • Publication number: 20150129093
    Abstract: A method of processing a metal alloy includes heating to a temperature in a working temperature range from a recrystallization temperature of the metal alloy to a temperature less than an incipient melting temperature of the metal alloy, and working the alloy. At least a surface region is heated to a temperature in the working temperature range. The surface region is maintained within the working temperature range for a period of time to recrystallize the surface region of the metal alloy, and the alloy is cooled so as to minimize grain growth. In embodiments including superaustenitic and austenitic stainless steel alloys, process temperatures and times are selected to avoid precipitation of deleterious intermetallic sigma-phase. A hot worked superaustenitic stainless steel alloy having equiaxed grains throughout the alloy is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: ATI PROPERTIES, INC.
    Inventors: Robin M. Forbes Jones, Ramesh S. Minisandram
  • Publication number: 20140373979
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a nickel-based heat-resistant superalloy produced by a casting and forging method, the nickel-based heat-resistant superalloy comprising 2.0 mass % or more but 25 mass % or less of chromium, 0.2 mass % or more but 7.0 mass % or less of aluminum, 19.5 mass % or more but 55.0 mass % or less of cobalt, [0.17×(mass % of cobalt content?23)+3] mass % or more but [0.17×(mass % of cobalt content?20)+7] mass % or less and 5.1 mass % or more of titanium, and the balance being nickel and inevitable impurities, and being subjected to solution heat treatment at 93% or more but less than 100% of a ?? solvus temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2012
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Yuefeng Gu, Toshio Osada, Yong Yuan, Tadaharu Yokokawa, Hiroshi Harada
  • Publication number: 20140255246
    Abstract: Guide wire devices and other intra-corporal medical devices fabricated from a Ni—Ti—Nb alloy and methods for their manufacture. The Ni—Ti alloy includes nickel, titanium, and niobium either up to its solubility limit in Ni—Ti, or in amounts over 15 atomic percent so as to provide a dual phase alloy. In either case, the Ni—Ti—Nb alloy provides increased stiffness to provide better torque response, steerability, stent scaffolding strength, and similar properties associated with increased stiffness, while still providing super-elastic or linear pseudo-elastic properties.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: ABBOTT LABORATORIES
    Inventors: John A. Simpson, John F. Boylan
  • Patent number: 8808473
    Abstract: An austenitic heat resistant alloy includes, by mass percent, C: 0.15% or less, Si: 2% or less, Mn: 3% or less, Ni: 40 to 60%, Co: 10.14 to 25%, Cr: 15% or more and less than 28%, either one or both of Mo: 12% or less and W: less than 0.05%, the total content thereof being 0.1 to 12%, Nd: 0.001 to 0.1%, B: 0.0005 to 0.006%, N: 0.03% or less, O: 0.03% or less, at least one selected from Al: 1.36% or less, Ti: 3% or less, and Nb: 3% or less, and the balance being Fe and impurities. The contents of P and S in the impurities are P: 0.03% or less and S: 0.01% or less. The alloy satisfies 1?4×Al+2×Ti+Nb?12 and P+0.2×Cr×B?0.035, where an element in the Formulas represents the content by mass percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Hirata, Hirokazu Okada, Hiroyuki Semba, Kazuhiro Ogawa, Atsuro Iseda, Mitsuru Yoshizawa
  • Patent number: 8801876
    Abstract: [Problem to be Solved] A Ni-based alloy product consisting of, by mass percent, C: 0.03 to 0.10%, Si: 0.05 to 1.0%, Mn: 0.1 to 1.5%, Sol.Al: 0.0005 to 0.04%, Fe: 20 to 30%, Cr: not less than 21.0% and less than 25.0%, W: exceeding 6.0% and not more than 9.0%, Ti: 0.05 to 0.2%, Nb: 0.05 to 0.35%, and B: 0.0005 to 0.006%, the balance being Ni and impurities, the impurities being P: 0.03% or less, S: 0.01% or less, N: less than 0.010%, Mo: less than 0.5%, and Co: 0.8% or less, wherein a value of effective B (Beff) defined by the formula, Beff (%)=B?(11/14)×N+(11/48)×Ti, is 0.0050 to 0.0300%, and the rupture elongation in a tensile test at 700° C. and at a strain rate of 10?6/sec is 20% or more. This alloy may contain one or more kinds of Cu, Ta, Zr, Mg, Ca, REM, and Pd.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Atsuro Iseda, Hiroyuki Hirata, Hirokazu Okada, Hiroyuki Semba
  • Patent number: 8801877
    Abstract: An austenitic heat resistant alloy, which comprises by mass percent, C: over 0.02 to 0.15%, Si?2%, Mn?3%, P?0.03%, S?0.01%, Cr: 28 to 38%, Ni: over 40 to 60%, Co?20% (including 0%), W over 3 to 15%, Ti: 0.05 to 1.0%, Zr: 0.005 to 0.2%, Al: 0.01 to 0.3%, N?0.02%, and Mo<0.5%, with the balance being Fe and impurities, in which the following formulas (1) to (3) are satisfied has high creep rupture strength and high toughness after a long period of use at a high temperature, and further it is excellent in hot workability. This austenitic heat resistant alloy may contain a specific amount of one or more elements selected from Nb, V, Hf, B, Mg, Ca, Y, La, Ce, Nd, Sc, Ta, Re, Ir, Pd, Pt and Ag. P?3/{200(Ti+8.5×Zr)} . . . (1), 1.35×Cr?Ni+Co?1.85×Cr . . . (2), Al?1.5×Zr . . . (3).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Semba, Hirokazu Okada, Masaaki Igarashi
  • Publication number: 20140212324
    Abstract: Provided by the present invention are a fine crystallite high-function metal alloy member, a method for manufacturing the same, and a business development method thereof, in which a crystallite of a metal alloy including a high-purity metal alloy whose crystal lattice is a face-centered cubic lattice, a body-centered cubic lattice, or a close-packed hexagonal lattice is made fine with the size in the level of nanometers (10?9 m to 10?6 m) and micrometers (10?6 m to 10?3 m), and the form thereof is adjusted, thereby remedying drawbacks thereof and enhancing various characteristics without losing superior characteristics owned by the alloy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 10, 2012
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: THREE-O CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Kazuo Ogasa
  • Publication number: 20140150932
    Abstract: A multi-element alloy material consists of Al, Cr, Fe, Mn, Mo and Ni. From an outer surface to a center of the multi-element alloy material exhibits a hardness gradient from high to low. A method of manufacturing a multi-element alloy material with hardness gradient includes melting and casting metals with a metal combination of Al, Cr, Fe, Mn, Mo and Ni to form an alloy body, subjecting the alloy body to a homogenization treatment, and subjecting the homogenized alloy body to a high temperature treatment to perform precipitation hardening at surface of the alloy body by heating, thereby forming a multi-element alloy material having hardness gradient.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 26, 2012
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Yu-Hsien Chou, Chih-Chao Yang
  • Publication number: 20140137994
    Abstract: Austenitic stainless steel having high temperature strength and excellent nitric acid corrosion resistance is provided. The austenitic stainless steel according to the present embodiment including, in mass percent, C: at most 0.050%, Si: 0.01 to 1.00%, Mn: 1.75 to 2.50%, P: at most 0.050%, S: at most 0.0100%, Ni: 20.00 to 24.00%, Cr: 23.00 to 27.00%, Mo: 1.80 to 3.20%, and N: 0.110 to 0.180%, the balance being Fe and impurities, a grain size number of crystal grains based on JIS G0551 (2005) is at least 6.0, and an area fraction of a ? phase is at most 0.1%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 20, 2012
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventor: Masaki Ueyama
  • Patent number: 8716168
    Abstract: Electrode catalysts for fuel cells, a method of manufacturing the same, a membrane electrode assembly (MEA) including the same, and a fuel cell including the MEA are provided. The electrode catalysts include a first catalyst alloy containing palladium (Pd), cobalt (Co), and phosphorus (P), a second catalyst alloy containing palladium (Pd) and phosphorus (P), and a carbon-based support to support the catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Dae-jong Yoo, Kyung-jung Kwon, Chan-ho Pak, Victor Roev, Kang-hee Lee, Seon-ah Jin
  • Publication number: 20140083576
    Abstract: There is provided an austenitic alloy pipe that is durable even if a stress distribution different according to usage environment is applied. The austenitic alloy pipe in accordance with the present invention has a tensile yield strength YSLT of at least 689.1 MPa. The tensile yield strength YSLT, a compressive yield strength YSLC in a pipe axial direction, a tensile yield strength YSCT in a pipe circumferential direction of the alloy pipe, and a compressive yield strength YSCC in the pipe circumferential direction satisfy Formulas (1) to (4). 0.90?YSLC/YSLT?1.11??(1) 0.90?YSCC/YSCT?1.11??(2) 0.90?YSCC/YSLT?1.11??(3) 0.90?YSCT/YSLT?1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2012
    Publication date: March 27, 2014
    Applicant: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Medtal Corporation
    Inventors: Naoki Sawawatari, Kouichi Kuroda, Hitoshi Suwabe, Masaki Ueyama
  • Publication number: 20140065485
    Abstract: A complex alloy of at least three phases comprising a composite alloy composed of an Si single phase and an Si—Al-M alloy phase, and an L phase offers a negative electrode material. M is an element selected from transition metals and metals of Groups 4 and 5, and L is In, Sn, Sb, Pb or Mg. The negative electrode material provides a lithium ion battery with a high capacity and long life. The material itself is highly conductive and increases the energy density per volume of a lithium ion battery.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 5, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Applicant: SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Naofumi Shinya, Takehisa Minowa
  • Publication number: 20140060707
    Abstract: Alloys, processes for preparing the alloys, and manufactured articles including the alloys are described. The alloys include, by weight, about 10% to about 20% chromium, about 4% to about 7% titanium, about 1% to about 3% vanadium, 0% to about 10% iron, less than about 3% nickel, 0% to about 10% tungsten, less than about 1% molybdenum, and the balance of weight percent including cobalt and incidental elements and impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Applicant: QuesTek Innovations LLC
    Inventors: James A. Wright, Jeremy Hoishun Li
  • Publication number: 20140010701
    Abstract: Alloys based on titanium aluminides, such as ? (TiAl) which may be made through the use of casting or powder metallurgical processes and heat treatments. The alloys contain titanium, 38 to 46 atom % aluminum, and 5 to 10 atom % niobium, and they contain composite lamella structures with B19 phase and ? phase there in a volume ratio of the B19 phase to ? phase 0.05:1 and 20:1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 9, 2014
    Applicant: GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH
    Inventors: Fritz Appel, Jonathan Paul, Michael Oehring
  • Publication number: 20130292008
    Abstract: The present invention provides an electrical/electronic material which has low contact resistance, excellent corrosion resistance, high hardness, high flexing strength and excellent processability. The electrical/electronic material is characterized by being composed of 20-40% by mass of Ag, 20-40% by mass of Pd, 10-30% by mass of Cu and 1.0-20% by mass of Pt and having a hardness of 340-420 HV at the time of precipitation hardening after metal forming and an adequate flexing strength.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 28, 2011
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Applicant: TOKURIKI HONTEN CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Ryu Shishino, Kenichiro Miyamoto
  • Patent number: 8512485
    Abstract: A alloy and a process of forming a alloy are disclosed. The alloy has a predetermined grain boundary morphology. The alloy includes by weight greater than about 0.06 percent carbon, up to about 0.0015 percent sulfur, less than about 16 percent chromium, between about 39 percent and about 44 percent nickel, between about 2.5 percent and about 3.3 percent niobium, between about 1.4 percent and about 2 percent titanium, up to about 0.5 percent aluminum, up to about 0.006 percent boron, up to about 0.3 percent copper, up to about 0.006 percent nitrogen, and greater than about 0.5 percent molybdenum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Ganjiang Feng, George A. Goller, Raymond Joseph Stonitsch, Jason R. Parolini, Shan Liu
  • Publication number: 20130206287
    Abstract: A Co-based alloy containing not less than 0.001 mass % and less than 0.100 mass % of C, not less than 9.0 mass % and less than 20.0 mass % of Cr, not less than 2.0 mass % and less than 5.0 mass % of Al, not less than 13.0 mass % and less than 20.0 mass % of W, and not less than 39.0 mass % and less than 55.0 mass % of Ni, with the remainder being made up by Co and unavoidable impurities, wherein the contents of Mo, Nb, Ti and Ta which are included in the unavoidable impurities are as follows: Mo<0.010 mass %, Nb<0.010 mass %, Ti<0.010 mass %, and Ta<0.010 mass %.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 15, 2011
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicants: TOHOKU UNIVERSITY, HITACHI, LTD.
    Inventors: Jun Sato, Shinya Imano, Mototsugu Osaki, Shigeki Ueta, Kiyohito Ishida, Toshihiro Omori, Hiroaki Nishida, Masahiro Hayashi, Tomoki Shiota
  • Patent number: 8506729
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel hot-rolled steel material can be provided which has sea-water resistance and strength superior to conventional steel. Low-temperature toughness can be maintained, which is preferable in a structural member of speedy craft. The steel material can include an austenitic stainless steel hot-rolled steel material which excels in the properties of corrosion resistance, proof stress, and low-temperature toughness. In such austenitic stainless steel hot-rolling steel material, e.g., PI [=Cr+3.3(Mo+0.5W)+16N] ranges from 35 to 40, ? cal [=2.9 (Cr+0.3Si+Mo+0.5W)?2.6 (Ni+0.3Mn+0.25Cu+35C+20N)?18] ranges from ?6 to +2, and a 0.2% proof stress at room temperature is not less than 550 MPa, Charpy impact value measured using a V-notch test piece at ?40° C. is not less than 100 J/cm2, and the pitting potential measured in a deaerated aqueous solution of 10% NaCl at 50° C. (Vc?100) is not less than 500 mV (as it relates to saturated Ag/AgCl).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Yuusuke Oikawa, Shinji Tsuge, Shigeo Fukumoto, Kazuhiro Suetsugu, Ryo Matsuhashi, Hiroshige Inoue
  • Patent number: 8454765
    Abstract: An austenitic, substantially ferrite-free steel alloy and a process for producing components therefrom. This Abstract is not intended to define the invention disclosed in the specification, nor intended to limit the scope of the invention in any way.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignees: Boehler Edelstahl GmbH & Co. KG, Schoeller-Bleckmann Oilfield Technology GmbH
    Inventors: Gabriele Saller, Herbert Aigner, Josef Bernauer, Raimund Huber
  • Publication number: 20130048150
    Abstract: A method for producing a workpiece having properties which are adjustable across a wall thickness or strip thickness of the workpiece, includes the steps of subjecting the workpiece to a decarburizing annealing treatment under an oxidizing atmosphere and to an accelerated cooling and/or a cold forming for generating a property gradient of the workpiece, wherein the workpiece is made of an austenitic lightweight steel which has an alloy composition which includes by weight percent 0.2% to 1% carbon, 0.05% to <15% aluminum, 0.05% to 6.0% silicon, 9% to <30% manganese, and at least one element selected from the group consisting of chromium, copper, boron, titanium, zirconium, vanadium and niobium, wherein chromium=4.0%; titanium+zirconium=0.7%; niobium+vanadium=0.5%, boron=1%, the remainder iron including common steel companion elements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 10, 2011
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Applicant: SALZGITTER FLACHSTAHL GMBH
    Inventors: Daniela John, Manuel Otto, Rune Schmidt-Jürgensen, Thomas Evertz, Zacharias Georgeou, Bianca Springub
  • Publication number: 20130014862
    Abstract: The present invention provides an Ni-base dual multi-phase intermetallic compound alloy which has a dual multi-phase microstructure including: a primary precipitate L12 phase and an (L12+D022) eutectoid microstructure, and which comprises more than 5 atomic % and up to 13 atomic % of Al; at least 9.5 atomic % and less than 17.5 atomic % of V; between 0 atomic % and 5.0 atomic % inclusive of Nb; more than 0 atomic % and up to 12.5 atomic % of Ti; more than 0 atomic % and up to 12.5 atomic % of C; and a remainder comprising Ni.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Publication date: January 17, 2013
    Applicant: OSAKA PREFECTURE UNIVERSITY PUBLIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Takayuki Takasugi, Yasuyuki Kaneno
  • Publication number: 20130008572
    Abstract: The present invention provides an Ni-base dual multi-phase intermetallic compound alloy which has a dual multi-phase microstructure comprising a primary precipitate L12 phase and an (L12+D022) eutectoid microstructure, and which comprises: more than 5 atomic % and up to 13 atomic % of Al; at least 9.5 atomic % and less than 17.5 atomic % of V; more than 0 atomic % and up to 12.5 atomic % of Nb; more than 0 atomic % and up to 12.5 atomic % of C; and a remainder comprising Ni.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Publication date: January 10, 2013
    Applicant: OSAKA PREFECTURE UNIVERSITY PUBLIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Takayuki Takasugi, Yasuyuki Kaneno
  • Patent number: 8334056
    Abstract: An alloy including: about 10 at % to about 30 at % of a Pt-group metal; less than about 23 at % Al; about 0.5 at % to about 2 at % of at least one reactive element selected from Hf, Y, La, Ce and Zr, and combinations thereof; a superalloy substrate constituent selected from the group consisting of Cr, Co, Mo, Ta, Re and combinations thereof; and Ni; wherein the Pt-group metal, Al, the reactive element and the superalloy substrate constituent are present in the alloy in a concentration to the extent that the alloy has a solely ??-Ni3Al phase constitution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2012
    Assignee: Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian M. Gleeson, Daniel J. Sordelet, Wen Wang
  • Patent number: 8318083
    Abstract: The present invention addresses the need for new austenitic steel compositions with higher creep strength and higher upper temperatures. The new austenitic steel compositions retain desirable phases, such as austenite, M23C6, and MC in its microstructure to higher temperatures. The present invention also discloses a methodology for the development of new austenitic steel compositions with higher creep strength and higher upper temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: UT-Battelle, LLC
    Inventors: Roman I Pankiw, Govindarajan Muralidharan, Vinod Kumar Sikka, Philip J. Maziasz
  • Patent number: 8313591
    Abstract: An austenitic heat resistant alloy, which contains, by mass percent, C?0.15%, Si?2%, Mn?3%, Ni: 40 to 80%, Cr: 15 to 40%, W and Mo: 1 to 15% in total content, Ti?3%, Al?3%, N?0.03%, O?0.03%, with the balance being Fe and impurities, and among the impurities P?0.04%, S?0.03%, Sn?0.1%, As?0.01%, Zn?0.01%, Pb?0.01% and Sb?0.01%, and satisfies the conditions [P1=S+{(P+Sn)/2}+{(As+Zn+Pb+Sb)/5}?0.050], [0.2?P2=Ti+2Al?7.5?10×P1], [P2?9.0?100×O] and [N?0.002×P2+0.019] can prevent both the liquation crack in the HAZ and the brittle crack in the HAZ and also can prevent defects due to welding fabricability, which occur during welding fabrication, and moreover has excellent creep strength at high temperatures. Therefore, the alloy can be used suitably as a material for constructing high temperature machines and equipment, such as power generating boilers, plants for the chemical industry and so on.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Hirata, Atsuro Iseda, Hirokazu Okada, Hiroyuki Semba, Kaori Kawano, Osamu Miyahara
  • Patent number: 8303735
    Abstract: A conventional low-temperature solder containing Pb or Cd had problems with respect to environmental pollution. A conventional low-temperature lead-free solder had a liquidus temperature which was too high for low heat resistance parts having a heat resistance temperature of 130° C., or it was brittle or had low mechanical strength. A lead-free low-temperature solder according to the present invention comprises 48-52.5 mass % of In and a balance of Bi, and most of the structure is constituted by a BiIn2 intermetallic compound which is not brittle. Zn or La can be added in order to further improve solderability, and a small amount of P can be added to prevent corrosion at high temperatures and high humidities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Assignee: Senju Metal Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Minoru Ueshima
  • Publication number: 20120249804
    Abstract: A work hardening treatment which decreases the Young's modulus, and an age hardening treatment which recovers or increases the Young's modulus decreased by the work hardening treatment are performed to form a vibrating portion, thereby attaining a vibrating element (30) advantageous in downsizing while ensuring desired fatigue characteristics and vibration characteristics. This downsizes, for example, an actuator device (1), an optical scanning device, a video projection apparatus, and an image forming apparatus.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 11, 2012
    Publication date: October 4, 2012
    Applicant: CANON DENSHI KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Naruki Suzuki, Katsumi Arai, Takayuki Wakabayashi
  • Patent number: 8277582
    Abstract: The present invention provides a hydrogen absorbing alloy containing a phase of a Pr5Co19 type crystal structure having a composition defined by a general formula A(4?w)B(1+w)C19 (A denotes one or more element(s) selected from rare earth elements including Y (yttrium); B denotes an Mg element; C denotes one or more element(s) selected from a group consisting of Ni, Co, Mn, and Al; and w denotes a numeral in a range from ?0.1 to 0.8) and having a composition as a whole defined by a general formula R1xR2yR3z (15.8?x?17.8, 3.4?y?5.0, 78.8?z?79.6, and x+y+z=100; R1 denotes one or more element(s) selected from rare earth elements including Y (yttrium); R2 denotes an Mg element, R3 denotes one or more element(s) selected from a group consisting of Ni, Co, Mn, and Al; the numeral of Mn+Al in the z is 0.5 or higher; and the numeral of Al in the z is 4.1 or lower).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2012
    Assignees: GS Yuasa International Ltd., National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
    Inventors: Manabu Kanemoto, Tadashi Kakeya, Minoru Kuzuhara, Masaharu Watada, Tetsuo Sakai, Tetsuya Ozaki
  • Publication number: 20120222783
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing a strip made of an AlMgSi alloy in which a rolling ingot is cast of an AlMgSi alloy, the rolling ingot is subjected to homogenization, the rolling ingot which has been brought to rolling temperature is hot-rolled, and then is optionally cold-rolled to the final thickness thereof. The problem of providing a method for producing an aluminum strip made of an AlMgSi alloy and an aluminum strip, which has a higher breaking elongation with constant strength and therefore enables higher degrees of deformation in producing structured metal sheets, is solved in that the hot strip has a temperature of no more than 130° C. directly at the exit of the last rolling pass, preferably a temperature of no more than 100° C., and the hot strip is coiled at that or a lower temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2011
    Publication date: September 6, 2012
    Applicant: HYDRO ALUMINIUM DEUTSCHLAND GMBH
    Inventors: Henk-Jan Brinkman, Thomas Wirtz, Dietmar Schröder, Eike Brünger, Kai-Friedrich Karhausen
  • Publication number: 20120168038
    Abstract: [Problem to be Solved] A Ni-based alloy product consisting of, by mass percent, C: 0.03 to 0.10%, Si: 0.05 to 1.0%, Mn: 0.1 to 1.5%, Sol.Al: 0.0005 to 0.04%, Fe: 20 to 30%, Cr: not less than 21.0% and less than 25.0%, W: exceeding 6.0% and not more than 9.0%, Ti: 0.05 to 0.2%, Nb: 0.05 to 0.35%, and B: 0.0005 to 0.006%, the balance being Ni and impurities, the impurities being P: 0.03% or less, S: 0.01% or less, N: less than 0.010%, Mo: less than 0.5%, and Co: 0.8% or less, wherein a value of effective B (Beff) defined by the formula, Beff (%)=B?(11/14)×N+(11/48)×Ti, is 0.0050 to 0.0300%, and the rupture elongation in a tensile test at 700° C. and at a strain rate of 10?6/sec is 20% or more. This alloy may contain one or more kinds of Cu, Ta, Zr, Mg, Ca, REM, and Pd.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2012
    Publication date: July 5, 2012
    Applicant: SUMITOMO METAL INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Atsuro ISEDA, Hiroyuki HIRATA, Hirokazu OKADA, Hiroyuki SEMBA
  • Publication number: 20120114491
    Abstract: An example die casting system includes a die that defines a cavity having a first section and a second section. The first section is configured to receive a first portion of a component. The second section is configured to receive a molten material. The die holds the molten material as the molten material solidifies to form a second portion of the component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2010
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Inventors: Mario P. Bochiechio, Steven J. Bulliad, Carl R. Verner
  • Patent number: 8172959
    Abstract: There are provided an austenitic stainless steel having high stress corrosion crack resistance, characterized by containing, in percent by weight, 0.030% or less C, 0.1% or less Si, 2.0% or less Mn, 0.03% or less P, 0.002% or less S, 11 to 26% Ni, 17 to 30% Cr, 3% or less Mo, and 0.01% or less N, the balance substantially being Fe and unavoidable impurities; a manufacturing method for an austenitic stainless steel, characterized in that a billet consisting of the said austenitic stainless steel is subjected to solution heat treatment at a temperature of 1000 to 1150° C.; and a pipe and a in-furnace structure for a nuclear reactor to which the said austenitic stainless steel is applied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Assignees: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., The Tokyo Electric Power Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Sakaguchi, Toshihiko Iwamura, Hiroshi Kanasaki, Hidehito Mimaki, Masaki Taneike, Shunichi Suzuki, Kenrou Takamori, Suguru Ooki, Naoki Anahara, Naoki Hiranuma, Toshio Yonezawa
  • Publication number: 20120093679
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the production of tools for a chip-removing machining of metallic materials and to a tool with improved wear resistance and/or high toughness. The invention further provides an alloyed steel with a chemical composition comprising carbon, silicon, manganese, chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, vanadium, and cobalt as well as aluminum, nitrogen, and iron. The alloyed steel may be used to make tools to a hardness of greater than 66 HRC and increased chip-removing machining performance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2011
    Publication date: April 19, 2012
    Applicant: BOEHLER EDELSTAHL GMBH & CO. KG
    Inventors: Gert KELLEZI, Devrim CALISKANOGLU, Andreas BAERNTHALER
  • Publication number: 20120067464
    Abstract: Provided is a Co—Ni-based alloy in which a crystal is easily controlled, a method of controlling a crystal of a Co—Ni-based alloy, a method of producing a Co—Ni-based alloy, and a Co—Ni-based alloy having controlled crystallinity. The Co—Ni-based alloy includes Co, Ni, Cr, and Mo, in which the Co—Ni-based alloy has a crystal texture in which a Goss orientation is a main orientation. The Co—Ni-based alloy preferably has a composition including, in terms of mass ratio: 28 to 42% of Co, 10 to 27% of Cr, 3 to 12% of Mo, 15 to 40% of Ni, 0.1 to 1% of Ti, 1.5% or less of Mn, 0.1 to 26% of Fe, 0.1% or less of C, and an inevitable impurity; and at least one kind selected from the group consisting of 3% or less of Nb, 5% or less of W, 0.5% or less of Al, 0.1% or less of Zr, and 0.01% or less of B.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2011
    Publication date: March 22, 2012
    Inventors: Akihiko CHIBA, Takuma OTOMO, Yasunori AKASAKA, Tomoo KOBAYASHI, Ryo SUGAWARA
  • Patent number: 8119063
    Abstract: High-alloy austenitic stainless steels that are extra resistant to pitting and crevice corrosion in aggressive, chloride-containing solutions have a tendency for macro-segregation of Mo, at solidification of the melt. This problem is solved by a super austenite stainless steel having the following composition, in % by weight: max 0.03 C, max 0.5 Si, max 6 Mn, 28-30 Cr, 21-24 Ni, 4-6% (Mo+W/2), the content of W being max 0.7, 0.5-1.1 N, max 1.0 Cu, balance iron and impurities at normal contents originating from the production of the steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignee: Outokumpu Oyj
    Inventors: Hachemi Loucif, Mats Liljas
  • Patent number: 8105447
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel hot-rolled steel material can be provided which has sea-water resistance and strength superior to conventional steel. Low-temperature toughness can be maintained, which is preferable in a structural member of speedy craft. The steel material can include an austenitic stainless steel hot-rolled steel material which excels in the properties of corrosion resistance, proof stress, and low-temperature toughness. In such austenitic stainless steel hot-rolling steel material, e.g., PI [=Cr+3.3(Mo+0.5W)+16N] ranges from 35 to 40, ? cal [=2.9(Cr+0.3Si+Mo+0.5W)?2.6(Ni+0.3Mn+0.25Cu+35C+20N)?18] ranges from ?6 to +2, and a 0.2% proof stress at room temperature is not less than 550 MPa, Charpy impact value measured using a V-notch test piece at ?40° C. is not less than 100 J/cm2, and the pitting potential measured in a deaerated aqueous solution of 10% NaCl at 50° C. (Vc?100) is not less than 500 mV (as it relates to saturated Ag/AgCl).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2012
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Yuusuke Oikawa, Shinji Tsuge, Shigeo Fukumoto, Kazuhiro Suetsugu, Ryo Matsuhashi, Hiroshige Inoue
  • Patent number: 8071020
    Abstract: A high strength Cr—Ni alloy material excellent in hot workability and stress corrosion cracking resistance, and seamless pipe for oil well application which consists of, by mass percent, C: 0.05% or less, Si: 0.05 to 1.0%, Mn: 0.01% or more and less than 3.0%, P: 0.05% or less, S: 0.005% or less, Cu: 0.01 to 4%, Ni: 25% or more and less than 35%, Cr: 20 to 30%, Mo: 0.01% or more and less than 4.0%, N: 0.10 to 0.30%, Al: 0.03 to 0.30%, O (oxygen): 0.01% or less, and REM (rare earth metal): 0.01 to 0.20% with the balance being Fe and impurities, and also satisfies the conditions in the following formula (1). N×P/REM?0.40??formula (1) where P, N, and REM in the formula (1) respectively denote the contents (mass %) of P, N, and REM. The high strength Cr—Ni alloy material may further contain one or more types of W, Ti, Nb, Zr, V, Ca, and Mg, instead of part of Fe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yohei Otome, Masaaki Igarashi, Hisashi Amaya, Hirokazu Okada
  • Publication number: 20110286312
    Abstract: [Task] A constant-modulus alloy, which has a low saturation magnetic flux density to provide weakly magnetic properties, a high Young's modulus, a low temperature coefficient of Young's modulus, and high hardness, is provided. A hairspring, a mechanical driving apparatus and a watch and clock, in which the alloy is used, are provided. [Means for Solution] The alloy consists essentially of, by atomic weight ratio, 20 to 40% Co and 7 to 22% Ni, with the total of Co and Ni being 42.0 to 49.5%, 5 to 13% Cr and 1 to 6% Mo, with the total of Cr and Mo being 13.5 to 16.0%, and with the balance being essentially Fe (with the proviso that Fe is present in an amount of 37% or more) and inevitable impurities. The alloy is heated to a temperature of 1100 degrees C. or higher and lower than the melting point, followed by cooling. The alloy is subsequently subjected to repeated wiredrawing and intermediate annealing at 800 to 950 degrees C., thereby forming a wire at a working ratio of 90% or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 16, 2009
    Publication date: November 24, 2011
    Applicants: SEIKO INSTRUMENTS INC., FOUNDATION: THE RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS
    Inventors: Yuetsu Murakami, Koichiro Jujo, Osamu Takahashi, Jun Tsuneyoshi, Ryo Sugawara, Takeshi Takano
  • Patent number: 8048369
    Abstract: A cobalt-nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy useful in surgical implant applications includes, in weight percent based on total alloy weight, at least 20 cobalt, 33.0 to 37.0 nickel, 19.0 to 21.0 chromium, 9.0 to 10.5 molybdenum, and less than 30 ppm nitrogen. Embodiments of the alloy lack significant levels of titanium nitride and mixed carbonitride inclusions. The alloy may be cold drawn to thin-gauge wire without damage to the die as may be caused by hard particle inclusions in certain conventional alloy formulations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: ATI Properties, Inc.
    Inventors: Robin M. Forbes Jones, Henry E. Lippard, Timothy A. Stephenson, Robert J. Myers, David J. Bradley
  • Publication number: 20110253262
    Abstract: An austenitic, substantially ferrite-free steel alloy and a process for producing components therefrom. This Abstract is not intended to define the invention disclosed in the specification, nor intended to limit the scope of the invention in any way.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2011
    Publication date: October 20, 2011
    Applicants: SCHOELLER-BLECKMANN OILFIEND TECHNOLOGY GMBH
    Inventors: Gabriele SALLER, Herbert AIGNER, Josef BERNAUER, Raimund HUBER