With Distilland Treating Devices Patents (Class 202/176)
  • Patent number: 10786749
    Abstract: A device for converting a liquid into vapor, having an evaporation surface, a liquid inlet, a heater for heating the evaporation surface, a flow controller, a control unit configured to control a liquid flow rate injected into the liquid inlet, a chamber containing the evaporation surface, and a temperature sensor arranged on the evaporation surface. The control unit is configured to control a heating power of the heater according to a flow rate and to a temperature measured by the temperature sensor according to a predetermined control law. The predetermined control law varies, for each flow rate, non-linearly and inversely proportionally to the difference between a reference temperature of the chamber and the measured temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies
    Inventor: Andre Chatroux
  • Patent number: 10408497
    Abstract: Radiant energy traps are disclosed which comprise diffuse radiant energy concentrators with at least one reflector and receiver. A diffuse light concentrator (DLC) with optimizable flexibility may be used in multiple applications, such as solar electric, thermal (air or water), hybrid or a combination system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Inventor: James Rosa
  • Patent number: 10221079
    Abstract: The system includes a tank for receiving water, a microwave unit having a plurality of sides, one of the sides having a first opening and a second opening, the microwave unit housing a vessel for receiving water from the tank, the vessel having a lid including an inlet port extending through the first opening and an outlet port extending through the second opening, the inlet port of the vessel being positioned in fluid communication with the tank, a magnetic stirrer having a stir bar immersed in the water contained in the vessel, and a condenser unit having a natural convection condenser positioned within a first tube, an adapter, and a heat exchange coil having an inlet configured for receiving water from the tank and an outlet for discharging water to the tank, the condenser unit being positioned in communicating relation to the outlet port of the vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Assignee: King Abdulaziz University
    Inventors: Iqbal Ahmed, Khaled Saeed Balkhair, Mohammad H. Albeirutty
  • Patent number: 10115609
    Abstract: Disclosed is a separation and regeneration apparatus including: a supercritical processing unit configured to generate a mixed gas including a first fluorine-containing organic solvent having a first boiling point and a second fluorine-containing organic solvent having a second boiling point lower than the first boiling point; and a distillation tank configured to store hot water having a temperature between the first boiling point and the second boiling point, in which the mixed gas is input into the hot water to be separated into the first fluorine-containing organic solvent in a liquid state and the second fluorine-containing organic solvent in a gas state, in which an introduction line configured to guide the mixed gas from the supercritical processing unit to the distillation tank is provided and a distal end of the introduction line is disposed in the hot water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: Tokyo Electron Limited
    Inventors: Kazuyuki Mitsuoka, Hiroki Ohno, Takehiko Orii, Takayuki Toshima
  • Patent number: 9956497
    Abstract: A saltwater evaporation mechanism for the desalination of saltwater. The saltwater evaporation mechanism has an elevated saltwater reservoir with a bottom, sidewalls and an open upper end, a receiving reservoir with a bottom, sidewalls, and an open upper end, and a tunnel extending therebetween. The tunnel has a top panel, a bottom panel, and two side panels and is angled at a downward slope. The top panel extends from the tunnel to entirely cover the open upper end of the saltwater reservoir. Support legs equipped with wheels are positioned below the tunnel, allowing the tunnel to be easily moved and rotated when desired. A heat source is positioned underneath the saltwater reservoir and configured to heat the contents therein, creating water vapor. The water vapor condenses into desalinated water in the tunnel and is deposited in the receiving reservoir. In some embodiments, the heat source is powered by solar energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Inventor: Carei Nical Churcheart
  • Patent number: 9604153
    Abstract: Certain embodiments described herein are directed to separation systems and methods effective to separate two or more solvents in a solvent mixture. In certain examples, a system effective to separate two or more azeotrope forming solvents is provided. In some embodiments, the system can be effective to remove at least about 95% of one of the solvents from the solvent mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2017
    Assignee: Quinlan Properties, LLC
    Inventor: George L Quinlan
  • Patent number: 9580296
    Abstract: This invention is a vertical fluid storage system with an upper container connected to a lower container. A fill port can be used to fill the upper container wherein the top fill hose is in fluid communications with the upper container. A first top valve in line with the top fill hose can be included to or controlling the flow rate of fluid into the upper container from the fill port. A top fluid level sensor can be included in the upper container for sensing the fluid level of the upper container. A gravity port included in the upper container can allow fluid to flow from the upper container to the lower container either during filling or when fluid is removed from the lower container. A dispensing port can be included in the lower container for dispending fluid from the lower container through gravity of a pump.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: TITAN CHEMICAL TRANSFER SOLUTIONS, LLC
    Inventors: Mark Daniels, Henrik Rokkjaer
  • Patent number: 9428403
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for the distillation of ocean and brackish water that includes insulation for preventing heat from escaping to the atmosphere is disclosed. The insulation comprises a second wall surrounding the basic assemblies of a desalination system in which the space between the second wall and basic assemblies is under low partial vacuum and is partially or totally filled with an insulation material for structural support. The system allows for flash evaporation of heated input water and condensing the resultant vapors into pure distilled water. The heat of condensation as well as heat from the salt byproduct may be recaptured and used to preheat the input contaminated water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2016
    Assignee: H2O GLOBAL LLC
    Inventor: Joel Haynes
  • Patent number: 9216890
    Abstract: This invention is directed to a vertical fluid storage system that has a lower container for containing fluid that includes a lower fill port defined in the top of the lower container. A routing hose routes fluid from the lower fill port to an upper container disposed above the lower container. The upper container includes an upper outlet connected to a gravity hose wherein the gravity hose is connected to a gravity port to direct fluid from the upper container to the lower container. An intake valve attached to the lower container and closes to prevent fluid from flowing from the upper container to the lower container when the amount of fluid in the lower container reaches a certain volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2015
    Assignee: Titan Chemical Transfer Solutions, LLC
    Inventors: Mark Daniels, Henrik Rokkjaer
  • Patent number: 9102546
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for distilling fresh water from sea, and brackish water are disclosed. In essence, an inverted, Y-shaped structure is configured such that each leg of the figure contains two, concentric pipe means. One pipe means institutes the exterior of the leg, and is translucent. The smaller pipe means is positioned inside the first, and a vacuum exists between the two. Water is permitted to enter the pipe means, via a further pipe means in communication with the source of the water. When the water rises in the legs of the apparatus, concentrated heat provided via, e.g., Fresnel lenses, acts to evaporate the water, resulting in separation of salt and impurities therefrom. Pure water condenses in the device and accumulates in a reservoir provided for this purpose.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Assignee: SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY
    Inventor: Tawfeek Ahmed Mohammed Molah
  • Publication number: 20150083577
    Abstract: Systems and methods related to the desalination of aqueous solutions containing one or more dissolved salts are generally described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 23, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: Gradiant Corporation
    Inventors: Prakash Narayan Govindan, Steven Lam, Maximus G. St. John, Mark Zaloudek, Anurag Bajpayee
  • Publication number: 20150083576
    Abstract: A processes is for purifying an amine compound from a feed solvent which includes an amine salt of the amine compound. The process includes heating the feed solvent in a single stage evaporator of a reclaimer at a reduced operating pressure by feeding the evaporator with a constant amount of thermal energy; and evaporating the amine compound to purity the amine compound from the feed solvent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: HTC Purenergy Inc.
    Inventors: Ahmed A. Aboudheir, Walid H. Elmoudir
  • Patent number: 8986508
    Abstract: A thermal desalination system adapted to produce distilled water from feed water which may be sea water, based on a forward feed evaporator made up of a main water feed line, a vapor feed line, a distilled water main line and any number of effect groups. The effect groups include any number of effects which in turn include vapor inlets, water inflow lines, concentrate outflow lines that drain into a common concentrate drainage line, a vapor and water outlet in fluid communication with the distilled water main line, and heat transfer means that condense part of an inlet vapor to produce the distilled water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: I.D.E. Technologies Ltd.
    Inventors: Avraham Ophir, Joseph Weinberg
  • Publication number: 20150041305
    Abstract: An integrated facility for the co-production of ethanol and renewable diesel fuel is provided. Corn oil, an ethanol production by-product, is utilized as a feedstock for a renewable diesel plant operating within the same general facility as the corn ethanol plant. By-products of the renewable diesel plant, such as fuel gas, steam, and/or naphtha, can be utilized in various parts of the ethanol plant to increase the operating efficiency thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: WB Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Rachel Overheul, Bowe Wingerd
  • Publication number: 20150041306
    Abstract: There is provided a combined evaporator and condenser for a fresh water generator. The generator comprises an evaporation unit into which is introduced water to be treated (typically seawater) heated to at least a saturation temperature for the pressure in the evaporation unit for generating vapor by evaporating water from the seawater, and the condenser unit for condensing the evaporated fresh water. Moreover the generator comprises circulation means for returning the brine, after being evaporated in the evaporation part. The generator utilizes specially designed stacked evaporator and condenser plates having a circular form with a flat peripheral portion and a cone like central portion with an aperture in the centre of the plates providing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventor: Mads Willum
  • Patent number: 8951391
    Abstract: A solar distillation apparatus utilizing a substantially vertical reactor assembly is disclosed. The reactor includes a tubular outer shell, a base, a cap, and a central tension member. The annular space between the outer tube and the central tension member forms the reactor chamber. Seawater or other feed liquid enters the reactor chamber through the base plate. Reflected or direct solar energy heats the feed liquid, generating low pressure vapor. The vapor exits the reactor through the cap structure or the base. The concentrate left behind settles by gravity to the bottom region of the reactor's liquid column. Extension tubes on the feed openings allow feed liquid to enter the liquid column above the concentrate layer and avoid excessive mixing of the feed liquid and the concentrate. The concentrate exits the reactor through one or more openings in the base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Inventor: Miles McClure
  • Patent number: 8852393
    Abstract: Apparatus for evaporating waste water having dissolved solids therein comprising a holding tank having an inlet for receiving waste water, a submerged combustion chamber with burner suspended within the holding tank, the submerged combustion chamber having a plurality of vertical slots defined therein near a bottom thereof which span a substantial portion of a height of the submerged combustion chamber, a blower connected to provide air under positive pressure to the burner, and, a vent stack coupled to an upper portion of the holding tank for allowing water vapor to exit the holding tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Inproheat Industries Ltd.
    Inventors: Eric Leopold Panz, Steven Eric Panz, Wesley Young, Roger P. Boulter
  • Publication number: 20140296604
    Abstract: A method and system are disclosed for managing hydrate formation in a process that converts a hydrocarbon stream into C2 unsaturates, such as ethylene and/or acetylenes. The method includes adding a hydrate inhibitor to a hydrocarbon stream to lower the hydrate formation point of the mixture stream from an initial hydrate formation point (HI) of the hydrocarbon stream to a depressed hydrate formation point (HD) of the mixture stream. Then, the mixture stream is depressurized to adiabatically cool the stream to a temperature (T), wherein the HD<T<HI. Then, at least a portion of the mixture stream is vaporized and the vaporized portion of the mixture stream is separated from the unvaporized portion of the mixture stream. Once separated, at least a portion of the vaporized portion is converted into product, such as ethylene and/or acetylene.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 6, 2012
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: William R. White, James L. Kendall, Jennifer L. Bancroft, Russell Dean Sellen
  • Publication number: 20140262738
    Abstract: A method and device are provided for purifying and recycling water vapor from a coal drying process. Included are a temperature-lowering and dehumidifying process, a flash distillation stripping process, and a vacuum condensing process. A condensing tower receives a temperature-lowered exhaust gas with high humidity from a cooling tube and a condensed water of 5˜60° C. from a flash distillation tank, allowing the exhaust gas and the condensed water to contact each other in a vapor-liquid reverse manner, to lower the temperature and dehumidify the exhaust gas. The flash distillation tank performs a vacuum flash distillation to the condensing water pumped therein from the condensing tower. Water vapor of 5˜60° C. evaporated through flash distillation in the flash distillation tank enters into the demisting washer to be dehumidified and then is condensed. The condensed water in the vapor condenser is transferred into a recycled water tank. Non-condensable gas is discharged out.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 16, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicants: National Engineering Research Center of Drying Technology and Equipment, TIANHUA INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL MACHINERY AND AUTOMATION CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Xu Zhao, Maikui Zhang, Tao Shen, Zhongfu Zhan, Yongpeng Tan, Min Jia, Tianbao Wang, Xiaoling Xie
  • Patent number: 8828192
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention are directed toward a novel pressurized vapor cycle for distilling liquids. In an embodiment of the invention, a liquid purification system is revealed, including the elements of an input for receiving untreated liquid, a vaporizer coupled to the input for transforming the liquid to vapor, a head chamber for collecting the vapor, a vapor pump with an internal drive shaft and an eccentric rotor with a rotatable housing for compressing vapor, a condenser in communication with the vapor pump for transforming the compressed vapor into a distilled product, and an electric motor with motor rotor and magnets hermetically sealed within the fluid pressure boundary of the distillation system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: DEKA Products Limited Partnership
    Inventors: Jason A. Demers, Scott A. Leonard, Kingston Owens
  • Publication number: 20140242251
    Abstract: Systems and methods for fractionating whole stillage from an ethanol production facility are provided. Whole stillage undergoes a separation of its liquid portion (thin stillage) from the solid portion (fiber cake). In some embodiments, the solids and liquids in whole stillage may be separated utilizing a screening centrifuge. The fiber cake may be dried to generate a high fiber animal feed. The thin stillage may be provided to a three-phase separator for separation into an oil emulsion, an aqueous clarified stillage, and a protein paste. The protein paste may be dried to generate a high protein animal feed with greater than about 45% protein content. The clarified thin stillage is condensed to yield a syrup with greater than around 60% solids. The oil emulsion is subjected to a pH adjustment to liberate the oil from the emulsion, which is then separated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: POET RESEARCH, INC.
    Inventor: Jason Alan Bootsma
  • Patent number: 8815049
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for producing high purity distillate in evaporators is useful for evaporation of waters where volatile silica or organic compounds are encountered such as in production of hydrocarbons from geological formations. An evaporator having a contaminant reduction system is provided. The contaminant reduction system includes an upflow first mist eliminator portion to remove entrained liquid droplets and produce an intermediate purity water vapor stream. A continuous spray system provides a spray of dilute caustic solution in a selected spray configuration for mass transfer contact with the passing intermediate purity water vapor stream, to remove volatile silica compounds therefrom, and produce a partially decontaminated steam stream having mist particles therein. An upflow second mist eliminator portion is provided to remove the residual mist particles, and produce a high purity water vapor stream. The high purity water vapor stream is condensed to provide a high purity distillate stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: William F. Heins, Gregg L. Wilson
  • Publication number: 20140224640
    Abstract: A distillation system and method. The system includes a recirculation pump and a separation system for receiving a multi-media fluidic solution and operating at a temperature different than ambient temperature and at a pressure different than ambient pressure. The system further includes a separator for separating heavier particles from the multi-media fluidic solution. The separator separates heavier particles from the multi-media fluidic solution at the temperature and pressure of the separation system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 16, 2012
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Inventors: Roger Fincher, Dan Owen
  • Publication number: 20140190902
    Abstract: Waste water from an industrial process, including an organic acid, is reprocessed by introducing the waste water into a heat exchange process in which a heat exchange medium is used so that the waste water which is to be treated is heated to a temperature between 60° C. and the boiling point of the waste water. Subsequently, the waste water is partially evaporated and re-condensed, with the waste water irradiated with UV radiation during the evaporation and condensation process in the liquid and/or gas phase. As a result, a chemical transformation of the organic acid in H2O and carbon dioxide is at least partially carried out. Then, the condensed part of the purified waste water is fed back into the industrial process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 1, 2012
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicant: SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventors: Andreas Büttner, Thomas Hammer, Cosima Sichel, Martin Tackenberg, Gernut van Laak
  • Publication number: 20140190816
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention are directed toward a novel pressurized vapor cycle for distilling liquids. In some embodiments of the invention, a liquid purification system is revealed, including the elements of an input for receiving untreated liquid, a vaporizer coupled to the input for transforming the liquid to vapor, a head chamber for collecting the vapor, a vapor pump with an internal drive shaft and an eccentric rotor with a rotatable housing for compressing vapor, and a condenser in communication with the vapor pump for transforming the compressed vapor into a distilled product. Other embodiments of the invention are directed toward heat management, and other process enhancements for making the system especially efficient.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2013
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicant: DEKA Products Limited Partnership
    Inventors: David F. Bednarek, Jason A. Demers, Timothy P. Duggan, James L. Jackson, Scott A. Leonard, David W. McGill, Kingston Owens
  • Patent number: 8771477
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide systems and methods for water purification and desalination. The systems have a preheater, a degasser, multiple evaporation chambers with demisters, heat pipes, and a control system, wherein the control system permits continuous operation of the purification and desalination system without requiring user intervention or cleaning. The systems are capable of recovering hear from each distillation stage, while removing, from a contaminated water sample, a plurality of contaminants including: microbiological contaminants, radiological contaminants, metals, salts, and organics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Sylvan Source, Inc.
    Inventor: Eugene Thiers
  • Patent number: 8771478
    Abstract: A modular distillation apparatus including at least one heat exchanger that preheats contaminated liquids: a heater that heats the contaminated liquid from the heat exchanger; an evaporator condenser adapted o boil the contaminated liquid coming out of the heater to produce water vapor and contaminant concentrate, and condenser the water vapor into distilled water; a vacuum chamber capable of operating at below atmospheric pressure, the vacuum chamber housing the evaporator condenser and including at least one partition to separate the distilled water from the contaminate concentrate; a vapor compressor operably associated with the vacuum chamber to receive water vapor from the evaporator condenser in the vacuum chamber and pump the water vapor at pressure back through the evaporator condenser, wherein the heat exchanger recovers sensible heat from outgoing condensed distilled water and contaminant concentrate recycled from the vacuum chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Equus Environmental Ltd.
    Inventor: Dudley Edgar James Ward
  • Publication number: 20140166466
    Abstract: A filter press system for water desalination may comprise: a frame; a plurality of filter plates configured to form a stack of parallel plates, each of filter plates being movably attached to the frame, the filter plates further being configured to form a multiplicity of chambers, each of the chambers being formed by adjacent filter plates, each of the chambers being lined by filter cloths and substantially filled with beads, wherein the plurality of filter plates, the multiplicity of chambers and the filter cloths are configured to allow water vapor to escape from the chambers while retaining salts from the water to form a filter cake; a heater, for heating the water in the chambers; a condenser for condensing the water vapor; and a separator for separating the beads from the filter cake after the filter cake is released from the chambers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2013
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Inventor: Daniel J. Simpson
  • Publication number: 20140158520
    Abstract: Process and apparatus for the separation of the components having different boiling points of a liquid mixture, characterized in that forming bubbles by a carrier gas in the liquid mixture where the one or more volatile component is getting enriched in the bubbles, then after said bubbles leave the liquid phase the released vapor content of them is collected and condensed and the obtained liquid being enriched in the more volatile component(s) is separated from the carrier gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2012
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Inventor: Gábor Somlyai
  • Patent number: 8734618
    Abstract: Apparatus for treating a gaseous hydrocarbon fraction to obtain a gaseous fraction and a liquid fraction which apparatus includes a shell-and-tube heat exchanger and a distillation column, wherein the shell-and-tube heat exchanger includes an inlet and an outlet for cooling fluid which inlet and outlet are in fluid communication with the tube side of the heat exchanger, and an inlet for the gaseous hydrocarbon fraction at the upper end of the heat exchanger which inlet is in fluid communication with the shell side of the heat exchanger, and a conduit for guiding hydrocarbons from the heat exchanger to the distillation column which distillation column includes an outlet for gas at its upper end and an outlet for liquid at its lower end, and process in which such apparatus is used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: George Anderson
  • Patent number: 8715467
    Abstract: This invention provides a method for purifying a chlorine supply that includes a chlorine component, a bromine component, and nitrogen trichloride. The method includes the steps of introducing the chlorine supply into a vaporizer, heating the chlorine supply in the vaporizer to form a vapor, and introducing the vapor into a distillation system to provide purified chlorine gas, a distillate that includes liquid chlorine and the bromine component, and a bottoms component including the nitrogen trichloride. The method also includes the steps of condensing the vapor in a reflux condenser, heating the condensate in a reboiler, removing the purified chlorine gas from the distillation system, and removing the distillate from the distillation system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Robert A. Doerr, Steven D. Gagnon, Kenneth K. Bordelon, Johannes D. Jacobs, Thomas A. Grzanka
  • Patent number: 8696870
    Abstract: Device for desalinating sea water comprising a unit (10) for spraying sea water in the form of droplets, a unit (20) for vaporizing the droplets into steam, a unit (30) for separating steam from salt particles, and a unit (40) for condensing steam into fresh water. The spraying unit comprises a sea water entry (12), an ambient-temperature dry air entry (14), and a device for generating acoustic waves at a frequency greater than 1 MHz focused by means of nozzles (17) receiving the sea water coming from the sea water entry so as to obtain microdroplets having a diameter comprised between about 2.5 microns and about 5 microns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Inventors: Charles Pallanca, Henri Renggli, Gil Ching
  • Patent number: 8696873
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for purification of bilge and sludge water on a ship, especially at sea, using excess heat from the ship's engine(s) to a level of oil contamination of less than 15 ppm. The invention also relates to a plant for carrying out the method, and a vessel including such plant, as well as the use of the method and plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: PPM-Clean AB
    Inventors: Benny Karlström, Jan Hedkvist
  • Patent number: 8696872
    Abstract: An improved water desalination system is disclosed, in which contaminated water such as seawater or brackish water is preheated and fed into a primary pressure vessel through a distribution head. The seawater is distributed from the distribution head over a non-adherent surface such as a plurality of silicone chords hanging below a distribution tank or a cone- and cylindrical-shaped surface. The water is exposed to a high temperature steam environment in the chamber to cause at least a portion of the water in the contaminated water to evaporate, while the remaining concentrated salts from the contaminated water fall to the bottom of the chamber. A portion of the steam in the primary pressure vessel is withdrawn to be condensed into fresh water. The energy withdrawn with the steam extracted from the primary pressure vessel is made up by a supplemental energy apparatus, such as a steam generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Water Desalination International, Inc.
    Inventor: Frank Passarelli
  • Publication number: 20140097078
    Abstract: A click chemistry process to be performed with an automated synthesis device using a synthesis cassette includes the steps of performing a chemical reaction in a first vessel at a first elevated temperature, heating the first vessel to a second elevated temperature to cause distillation, delivering a distilled reaction product from the first vessel to a second vessel, performing a click chemistry reaction with the distilled reaction product in the second vessel, purifying the click chemistry product, and formulating a final product from the purified click chemistry product. A cassette and a kit of parts for performing the process are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 7, 2012
    Publication date: April 10, 2014
    Applicant: GE HEALTHCARE LIMITED
    Inventors: Lisa Iddon, Rajiv Bhalla, ANTHONY Wilson
  • Publication number: 20140066668
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for processing glycol according to various aspects of the present technology comprise a multi-stage treatment system that is configured to receive a feedstock from multiple waste stream sources containing glycol. A pre-treatment stage may be configured to process the incoming the feedstock and provide to a primary treatment stage a water/glycol solution that is substantially identical and allows for a primary treatment process that is not dependent upon the originating source of the glycol feedstock. A post-treatment stage may further process and purify the water/glycol solution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Inventors: John d'Arc Lorenz, II, Richard S. Geib
  • Publication number: 20140061023
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a treatment apparatus includes a treatment liquid storage unit and a supply unit. The treatment liquid storage unit is configured to store a treatment liquid containing an acid and an oxidizing substance. The supply unit is configured to supply the treatment liquid stored in the treatment liquid storage unit to a fluid extracted via a production well.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Hideaki HIRABAYASHI, Naoaki Sakurai, Naoya Hayamizu
  • Publication number: 20140061024
    Abstract: A feed device for a distillation tower or column with a flash zone, wash zone and stripping zone has an annular, open-bottomed channel located around the periphery of the feed zone of the tower with an inner wall spaced from the inner curved wall of the tower and a top covering the channel to confer a generally inverted-U shape to the cross section of the channel. One or more tangential feed inlets are provided to admit a heated, mixed phase feed to the tower and direct the feed into and along the channel. One or more vapor scoops are provided for each feed inlet with the scoop(s) located on the inner wall of the channel, each at a sufficient distance along the channel from the inlet to permit cyclonic separation of vapor and liquid to take place before the vapor in the feed from the inlet enters the scoop(s) and passes through a vapor exit port into the central core of the tower. The tower is preferably used with a radial louvre baffle at the top of the stripping zone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Applicant: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: Vikram SINGH, Brian D. ALBERT, Berne K. STOBER
  • Patent number: 8623214
    Abstract: Various embodiments described herein provide methods and apparatus for producing purified water from sea water or some other salty or brackish water source by using brackish concentrate mixed with salty water. The various embodiments also provide methods and apparatus for the treatment of toxicity of brackish concentrate, which brackish concentrate exhibits on aquatic life inhabiting the area of discharge of the brackish concentrate, as well as a method for environmentally safe disposal of brackish concentrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: Poseidon Resources IP LLC
    Inventor: Nikolay Voutchkov
  • Patent number: 8618334
    Abstract: Methods for continuously preparing cyclohexanone from phenol make use of a catalyst having at least one catalytically active metal selected from platinum and palladium. The process includes enriching phenol in a distillation fraction as compared to a subsequent fraction, wherein the subsequent fraction includes phenol and side-products having a higher boiling point than phenol. Distillation is carried out in a vacuum distillation column equipped with trays in the lower part of the column. In an upper part of the column, i.e., in the part above the feed inlet, packing material is present instead of trays in at least part thereof. The packing material has a comparable or improved separating efficiency, and provides a reduction of the pressure drop by at least 30%, preferably more than 50%, as compared to the case with trays in the upper part, under otherwise similar distillation conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Marleen Horsels, Rudy Francols Marla Jozef Parton, Johan Thomas Tinge
  • Patent number: 8591705
    Abstract: A multi-effect evaporator, having an upstream and a downstream end, adapted for distillation of water. It includes a plurality of effects connected in a series manner and arranged into groups. Each group has a common parallel water feed inlet adapted to supply all effects in the group with feed water. The evaporator further includes a main feed water line in fluid communication with the most upstream group. An array of heaters is disposed along the line, adapted for heating the feed water before its entry into the effects of the latter group. Each effect includes means for forwarding the second outlet vapor into one of the heaters for heating the feed water. Each group includes a pump adapted to extract the concentrate from the effects of the group and pump it into the common parallel water feed of an adjacent downstream group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: I.D.E. Technologies Ltd.
    Inventors: Joseph Weinberg, Avraham Ophir
  • Publication number: 20130256116
    Abstract: A water resource treating device includes an inner tube having a wind inlet section, a front low-pressure section, and a buffering section in series. The front low-pressure section has an inner diameter smaller than an inner diameter of the buffering section. An outer tube is mounted around the inner tube. A flash space is defined between the inner and outer tubes. The outer tube includes a water filling hole and a draining hole both of which is in communication with the flash space. A condensing tank is mounted in the flash space and surrounds the front low-pressure section. The condensing tank is connected to the flash space by a water inlet tube. A water outlet tube is connected to the condensing tank for draining purified water in the condensing tank. A regulator is mounted in the front low-pressure section and controls communication between the inner tube and the condensing tank.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2012
    Publication date: October 3, 2013
    Inventors: Chang-Hsien TAI, Geng-Ren LIU, Uzu-Kuei HSU
  • Publication number: 20130253229
    Abstract: Disclosed are a process and an apparatus for using an olefin as an azeotropic entrainer to isolate a target organic compound from a waste stream. The olefin may be, for example, 1-decene, 1-dodecene, or 1-tetradecene. The target organic compound may be 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol in waste stream comprising a 2,2?-oxybis(1-chloropropane).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 7, 2011
    Publication date: September 26, 2013
    Applicant: DOW GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES LLC
    Inventors: Mahesh Ratnakar Sawant, Edward D. Daugs, Mark R. Smit
  • Patent number: 8517052
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention are directed toward a novel pressurized vapor cycle for distilling liquids. In some embodiments of the invention, a liquid purification system is revealed, including the elements of an input for receiving untreated liquid, a vaporizer coupled to the input for transforming the liquid to vapor, a head chamber for collecting the vapor, a vapor pump with an internal drive shaft and an eccentric rotor with a rotatable housing for compressing vapor, and a condenser in communication with the vapor pump for transforming the compressed vapor into a distilled product. Other embodiments of the invention are directed toward heat management, and other process enhancements for making the system especially efficient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: DEKA Products Limited Partnership
    Inventors: David F. Bednarek, Jason A. Demers, Timothy P. Duggan, James L. Jackson, Scott A. Leonard, David W. McGill, Kingston Owens
  • Publication number: 20130206574
    Abstract: A water vending apparatus is disclosed. The water vending system includes a water vapor distillation apparatus and a dispensing device. The dispensing device is in fluid communication with the fluid vapor distillation apparatus and the product water from the fluid vapor distillation apparatus is dispensed by the dispensing device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 28, 2013
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: DEKA Products Limited Partnership
    Inventor: DEKA Products Limited Partnership
  • Publication number: 20130206580
    Abstract: A fluid processing device is provided for recycling a previously used water and glycol containing fluid by removing contaminants including hydrocarbon, metals, particulates and water contaminants from the water and glycol containing fluid. The device includes a particulate filter for removing particulates, an activated carbon filter for removing hydrocarbon contaminants, a micron-sized filter for removing at least one of particulate and metal contaminants, a high pressure membrane filter for removing contaminants and water, and a heater for heating the glycol containing fluid to a temperature at least near the boiling point of water in a predetermined reduced pressure atmosphere. The device also includes a low pressure separator having a tank kept generally at or near the predetermined reduced pressure for removing additional water from the water and glycol containing fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 6, 2012
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: Oakwood Foods. LLC d/b/a Oakwood Technologies
    Inventor: Oakwood Foods. LLC d/b/a Oakwood Technologies
  • Publication number: 20130206575
    Abstract: A hybrid process comprising an adsorption process and a distillation process for the separation of butene-1 from a C4 hydrocarbon mixture gas including butene-1, trans-2-butene, cis-2-butene, normal butane, isobutane, etc. is provided. The hybrid process comprises introducing a gaseous C4 mixture into the adsorption tower loaded with adsorbents which adsorb olefins selectively to discharge C4 paraffins to the outlet of the tower, desorbing C4 olefins selectively adsorbed in the adsortion tower to produce high purity C4 olefins mixture gas in which isobutane and normal butane was removed, and separating the high C4 olefins mixture gas (a mixture of butene-1, trans-2-butene, cis-2-butene, and a trace amount of C4 paraffins) via distinction to obtain high purity butene-1 including a trace amount of isobutane in the top of the distillation tower and obtain a mixture gas including trans-2-butene, cis-2-butene and a trace amount of normal butane in the bottom of the tower.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 1, 2013
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicants: SK Energy Co., Ltd., Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventors: Korea Institute of Energy Research, SK Energy Co., Ltd.
  • Patent number: 8506763
    Abstract: A device for treating a liquid comprising a solvent and a solute, and separating the solvent and solute, the device comprising a continuous flow treatment chamber including: (a) one or more drying zones; (b) one or more return zones to circulate heating fluid continuously through drying zone(s) and return zone(s) sequentially; (c) a heating fluid inlet(s) in at least one of the return zones for the introduction of the heating fluid; (d) a circulating fan to circulate the heating fluid; (e) a liquid inlet(s) in the drying zone(s) including nozzles though which liquid to be treated is introduced in misted form into the zones; (f) a solute collector(s) located in the drying zone(s) downstream of the liquid inlet(s); wherein the introduced liquid is heated by the heating fluid and the solute is separated from the liquid in the solute collector(s).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Aquamill Five Star Pty Ltd
    Inventors: Ronald Barry Zmood, Simon John Withington, Carl Nicholas Botcher
  • Patent number: 8506762
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention are directed toward a novel pressurized vapor cycle for distilling liquids. In some embodiments of the invention, a liquid purification system is revealed, including the elements of an input for receiving untreated liquid, a vaporizer coupled to the input for transforming the liquid to vapor, a head chamber for collecting the vapor, a vapor pump with an internal drive shaft and an eccentric rotor with a rotatable housing for compressing vapor, and a condenser in communication with the vapor pump for transforming the compressed vapor into a distilled product. Other embodiments of the invention are directed toward heat management, and other process enhancements for making the system especially efficient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: DEKA Products Limited Partnership
    Inventors: David F. Bednarek, Jason A. Demers, Timothy P. Duggan, James L. Jackson, Scott A. Leonard, David W. McGill, Kingston Owens
  • Patent number: 8496787
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for eliminating brine effluent from desalination plants by distillation, is disclosed. To eliminate the brine the salt is converted into a solid and all of the water in the brine is converted to distilled water. The key to achieving this is reducing or eliminating the scale formation in the heating chamber. In one embodiment the process can be used to reduce or eliminate scale formation in a vapor compression sea water desalinization system and there-by use this system to produce drinking water. This process requires no chemical additives but relies entirely upon separation of the process of vaporization of the fluid involved, from the process of heating of the fluid. In one embodiment of this apparatus sea water can be desalinated and the resulting products can be dry salt and pure water leaving no brine return to the ocean.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2013
    Inventor: Michael John Lord