Elements Patents (Class 202/239)
  • Publication number: 20150053542
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide a heat transfer element adapted for use in a rotary furnace for torrefaction and particle size reduction of biomass material. The heat transfer element is made up of a rounded object having a specific gravity substantially higher than a specific gravity of the biomass material to be torrefied, a heat capacity sufficient for the heat transfer elements in the rotary furnace to heat the biomass material to be torrefied, and a hardness sufficient for the heat transfer element to serve as grinding media to reduce the particle size of the biomass material to be torrefied. The heat transfer element has one or more surface features formed in a surface of the rounded object. The surface features are configured to increase traction between the heat transfer elements and the biomass material to be torrefied.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 4, 2013
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventor: David Tee Liang
  • Publication number: 20150041306
    Abstract: There is provided a combined evaporator and condenser for a fresh water generator. The generator comprises an evaporation unit into which is introduced water to be treated (typically seawater) heated to at least a saturation temperature for the pressure in the evaporation unit for generating vapor by evaporating water from the seawater, and the condenser unit for condensing the evaporated fresh water. Moreover the generator comprises circulation means for returning the brine, after being evaporated in the evaporation part. The generator utilizes specially designed stacked evaporator and condenser plates having a circular form with a flat peripheral portion and a cone like central portion with an aperture in the centre of the plates providing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventor: Mads Willum
  • Publication number: 20140311886
    Abstract: Disclosed is a batch pyrolysis reactor for the recovery of pyrolysis products by batch processing waste material. The reactor includes a heating chamber, a removable retort for insertion into and withdrawal from the heating chamber, and a control unit for cycling the temperature of waste material in the pyrolysis chamber. The retort includes a pyrolysis chamber having an opening for receiving and extracting solids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 20, 2014
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Inventors: Paul Andrade, Roger Anton Sramek
  • Publication number: 20140183023
    Abstract: The present technology is generally directed to systems and methods for controlling air distribution in a coke oven. In a particular embodiment, a coke oven air distribution system comprises an oven chamber having an oven floor configured to support a coal bed, a plurality of sidewalls extending upward from the oven floor, and an oven crown covering a top portion of the oven chamber. The air distribution system further includes an air inlet positioned above the oven floor and a distributor proximate to the inlet. The inlet is configured to introduce air into the oven chamber and the distributor is configured to at least one of preheat, redirect, or spread air within the oven chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 28, 2012
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: SUNCOKE TECHNOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENT LLC.
    Inventors: John Francis Quanci, Mark Anthony Ball, Chun Wai Choi, Rajat Kapoor
  • Patent number: 8702911
    Abstract: The present invention features a center feed system in combination with a coking vessel of a delayed coking system, or any other similar system. The center feed system features an inlet sleeve which slidably engages a retractable nozzle, with inlet and outlet, in fluid connection with a feed source of residual byproduct, allowing residual byproduct to flow from the feed source into the interior of the vessel, thus effectuating or inducing even thermal distribution throughout the vessel. The retractable nozzle is structured to extend through an opening in the coking vessel while introducing the residual byproduct into the coking vessel and retract out of the coking vessel and cover the opening for at least a portion of a coking cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Curtiss-Wright Flow Control Corporation
    Inventors: Ruben F. Lah, Gary Larsen
  • Patent number: 8574405
    Abstract: A system is described for processing biomass through a pyrolysis chamber that utilizes revolving polygon platforms, a conveyor system, and an airlock for introducing or removing biomass into the pyrolysis chamber. Biomass can be introduced via a first revolving polygon platform, and biochar resulting from pyrolysis can be removed via a second revolving polygon platform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael C. Cheiky, Richard J. Reis, Leo E. Manzer
  • Patent number: 8545680
    Abstract: A center feed system for use within a delayed coking system, or any other similar system is described. The center feed system features an inlet sleeve which slidably engages a retractable nozzle, with inlet and outlet, in fluid connection with a feed source of residual byproduct, allowing residual byproduct to flow from the feed source into the interior of a vessel, thus effectuating or inducing even thermal distribution throughout the vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Curtiss-Wright Flow Control Corporation
    Inventors: Ruben F. Lah, Gary Larsen
  • Patent number: 8540878
    Abstract: A cross-corrugated structure packing module is provided for use in mass transfer or heat exchange columns and has particular applicability in severe service applications in which fouling, coking, and erosion are of concern. The structured packing module has a plurality of upright, parallel-extending, corrugated plates. Spacer elements are used to maintain the corrugations of adjacent plates in spaced apart relationship to reduce the opportunity for solids to accumulate on the surfaces of the plates. The plates are also free of apertures or surface treatments that would increase the opportunity for solids to accumulate on the plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Koch-Glitsch, LP
    Inventors: Izak Nieuwoudt, Michael James Lockett
  • Publication number: 20130199917
    Abstract: A waste resource treatment method and device, including a pyrolysis desorption treatment elements having one or more pyrolysis desorption chambers connected in parallel. Sub-temperature fractionation treatment elements having a low-temperature fractionating pipe, and a plurality of higher-temperature or high-temperature fractionating pipes for fractionating a gas at different temperature ranges are connected to the pyrolysis desorption chambers, respectively. The fractionating pipes are connected to sub-temperature resource recycling treatment elements for treating the gas at different temperature ranges, respectively. The sub-temperature resource recycling treatment elements are connected to a refrigeration-liquefaction treatment elements and to an adsorption exhaust treatment elements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2013
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Inventors: Chuang Jung, Chun-Pao Kuo
  • Patent number: 8475626
    Abstract: An evaporator for evaporating a liquid containing fluid, having an inlet and an outlet connected to an evaporation volume with an internal structure, the inlet and the outlet defining a main flow path there between and the cross-section of the evaporation volume is substantially constant along the main flow path is described. A method method for evaporating a liquid containing fluid by providing an evaporator supplying a liquid containing feed stream to the inlet; exerting heat; choosing the operating conditions so that an annular flow is created.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Nederlandse Organisatie Voor Toegepast-Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek TNO
    Inventors: Cornelius Maria Rops, Johannes Fransiscus Maria Velthuis, Frederik van der Graaf, Leon Ferdinand Gerard Geers
  • Publication number: 20130165715
    Abstract: The xylene isomerization process unit and the transalkylation process units are combined in the present invention. A fractionation column can be shared by the two units, reducing the capital cost of the complex. In some embodiments, a split shell fractionation column and a split separator can be used.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2012
    Publication date: June 27, 2013
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventor: UOP LLC
  • Patent number: 8398825
    Abstract: A mode shifting apparatus for a decoking tool, a decoking tool and method of operating same. The apparatus includes features to make it rotatably and translationally responsive to changes in pressure of a decoking fluid such that the apparatus is cooperative with the tool and the decoking fluid in a first operating condition to establish a drilling mode with one or more of the tool's drilling nozzles, and in a second operating condition to establish a cutting mode with one or more of the tool's cutting nozzles. In one form, the apparatus includes one or more sets of tandem seals disposed along a component interface within the apparatus or between the apparatus and the tool to help redundantly isolate seizure-sensitive components within the apparatus from the pressurized decoking fluid. In another form, the apparatus includes a gas spring to counteract the forces imposed by the pressurized decoking fluid. In another form, the apparatus includes a manual override connection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: Flowserve Management Company
    Inventors: Douglas Adams, Lloyd D. Hanson, Andrew Worley
  • Patent number: 8382960
    Abstract: So-called decoking, in other words, the emptying of a container in which coke arising from the operation of a refinery is deposited and carried out using a decoking tool with a free mounting on the end of a drilling bar. The mounting is achieved using a sliding guide on a guide plate, coupled to the container. Distortions in the container and the guide plate therewith as a result of temperature variations during operation of the refinery which could lead to function disturbance of the drilling rod are avoided, wherein the sliding guide and the guide plate are arranged with a spring relative deflection by at least one spring element in the manner of a spring damper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignee: Ruhrpumpen GmbH
    Inventors: Wolfgang Paul, Dirk Heidemann, Maciej Barcikowski, Hauke Jasper
  • Patent number: 8298412
    Abstract: A cross-corrugated structure packing module is provided for use in mass transfer or heat exchange columns and has particular applicability in severe service applications in which fouling, coking, and erosion are of concern. The structured packing module has a plurality of upright, parallel-extending, corrugated plates. Spacer elements are used to maintain the corrugations of adjacent plates in spaced apart relationship to reduce the opportunity for solids to accumulate on the surfaces of the plates. The plates are also free of apertures or surface treatments that would increase the opportunity for solids to accumulate on the plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: Koch-Glitsch, LP
    Inventors: Izak Nieuwoudt, Michael James Lockett
  • Patent number: 8192587
    Abstract: Systems for recycling waste plastic can include cartridges that are selectively sealable. Some cartridges can have elongated receptacles that improve heat transfer to plastic feedstock within the cartridges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Agilyx Corporation
    Inventors: Craig W. Garrison, Kevin Clark DeWhitt, Lance Talley
  • Patent number: 7935227
    Abstract: A method for collecting biomass, such as straw, and for producing a pyrolysis liquid, such as oil or tar, from the biomass, includes the step of collecting the biomass from a growth site, e.g. a field, by means of a mobile unit. The biomass is continuously fed into a pyrolysis apparatus accommodated by the mobile unit, as the mobile unit is moved across the growth site. While the biomass is processed in the pyrolysis apparatus, further biomass is simultaneously being collected. The pyrolysis apparatus may be a flash pyrolysis or fast pyrolysis apparatus relying on centrifugal forces for forcing biomass towards a reactive surface in a pyrolysis reactor. The mobile unit may be self-propelled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2011
    Assignee: Danmarks Tekniske Universitet
    Inventors: Kim Dam-Johansen, Niels Bech
  • Patent number: 7931783
    Abstract: A fast pyrolysis apparatus (200) for producing pyrolysis liquid, such as oil or tar, char and pyrolysis gas from biomass, such as straw, comprises a centrifuge chamber (204) and a rotor (210) arranged to impart rotation on the biomass in the centrifuge chamber to force the biomass outwardly under the action of centrifugal forces. A furnace (206) arranged coaxially around the centrifuge chamber (204) maintains the temperature at an outer reactive wall of the centrifuge chamber at an elevated temperature to effect the pyrolysis process at or near the reactive wall. The apparatus comprises a condenser (218) arranged coaxially with and surrounded by the centrifuge chamber (204). The apparatus may be accommodated by a mobile unit for simultaneously collecting biomass from a field and processing the biomass in the apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2011
    Assignee: Danmarks Tekniske Universitet
    Inventors: Kim Dam-Johansen, Niels Bech, Peter A. Jensen
  • Publication number: 20100288624
    Abstract: A fractionation tray for use in a process column. The fractionation tray is of a type where a first fluid flows downwardly from a downcomer onto the fractionation tray and across the fractionation tray in a first direction. A second fluid flows upwardly through the fractionation tray for interaction with the first fluid. The fractionation tray includes an upper tray section, a lower tray section that is operable to removably engage the upper tray section, a joint region which includes an area of overlap between the upper tray section and the lower tray section. The joint region allows passage of the second fluid therethrough.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 7, 2010
    Publication date: November 18, 2010
    Inventors: SooWoong Kim, Gil Jong Kim, Ian G. Buttridge, Michael J. Binkley
  • Patent number: 7799285
    Abstract: A stripping apparatus is described for the gas-solid separation process in a fluidized bed in a counter-current flow of a stripping fluid. The apparatus includes sets of perforated baffle-plates with holes, fixed in series, alternating central and lateral plates inside a stripping chamber. The holes in the baffle-plates, in number, size and in circular or elliptical lay-out, are oriented in offset position in relation to the holes in the parallel and subsequent baffle-plates, reducing the damage of erosion on the perforated baffle-plates and optimizing stripping of the fluidized solid particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2010
    Assignee: Petróleo Brasileiro S.A.-Petrobras
    Inventors: Wilson Kenzo Huziwara, Claudio Maria de Lacerda Alvarenga Baptista, Henrique Soares Cerqueira, José Mozart Fusco
  • Patent number: 7736470
    Abstract: Described herein are methods and mechanisms for laterally dispensing fluid to a coke drum in a predictable and maintainable manner that alleviates thermal stress. In one embodiment, the methods and mechanisms utilize a split piping system to dispense fluid through two or more inlets into a spool that is connected to a coke drum and a coke drum bottom deheader valve. A combination of block valves and clean out ports provides a more effective means to clean the lines and allows fluid to be laterally dispensed in a controllable and predictable manner. The fluid is preferably introduced to the spool in opposing directions toward a central vertical axis of the spool at equal but opposing angles ranging from minus thirty (?30) to thirty (30) degrees relative to a horizontal line laterally bisecting the spool. Alternatively, however, fluid can be introduced to the spool tangentially.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Te-Hung Chen, Christopher P. Eppig, Timothy M. Healy, Scott F. Massenzio, Robert W. Mosley, Rutton D. Patel
  • Patent number: 7682490
    Abstract: The present invention features a flange to flange dynamic seal and sealing system, particularly suited for use within high temperature, high pressure environments, such as a delayed coking process. The dynamic flange seal and sealing system comprises two primary elements or seals, each of which are capable of independently forming a flange seal between two flanged components or combining to create a flange seal. Specifically, these primary seals are an iconel bellows seal and a bi-material gasket, each of which surround a flange opening along a sealing surface. The flange seal created by the dynamic flange seal and sealing system is capable of being maintained in light of, or rather the sealing system adapts to, any structural or environmental changes within the connected flanges. As such, the flange seal may be a dynamic flange seal or a static flange seal or both.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2010
    Assignee: Curtiss-Wright Flow Control Corporation
    Inventor: Ruben F. Lah
  • Patent number: 7666279
    Abstract: A structure for extreme thermal cycling has a support element that supports a vessel primarily by bearing and frictional forces rather than by welds. The support element has a bearing portion that tapers inwardly beneath a knuckle that separates a cylindrical section of the vessel from a sloped lower section. The bearing portion of the support element follows that slope, providing an extended area of contact between the support element and the vessel. An annular section of the support element can be heated and expanded before placing it around the cylindrical section of the vessel to provide pre-stressing. If required, a strap may extend downwardly from the vessel over an upper edge of the support element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2010
    Assignee: Chicago Bridge & Iron Company
    Inventors: Steve M. Cihlar, Dale A. Swanson, Randy L. Eberly
  • Patent number: 7578907
    Abstract: The present invention features a coke drum de-heading system that provides unique advantages over prior art de-heading systems, namely the de-heading of a coke drum without having to physically remove the head units. This is essentially accomplished using one of a variety of specially designed de-header valves that may be removably coupled to a coke drum much the same way a conventional head or flange unit would be attached. The de-header valve is equipped with, among other things, a valve closure and means for supporting a valve closure capable of forming a continuous contact seal during the coke manufacturing process. The means for supporting a de-header valve typically comprises a seat support system comprising a variety of configurational designs. Actuation of the valve closure functions to open and close the de-header valve, wherein in a closed position, the de-header valve and coke drum are prepared to receive the petroleum byproduct feed from the refinery process used to manufacture coke.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2009
    Assignee: Curtiss-Wright Flow Control Corporation
    Inventor: Ruben F. Lah
  • Patent number: 7550063
    Abstract: The invention relates to both a method and apparatus for thermal cracking hydrocarbons. The apparatus includes a rotating conical drum assembly within a vessel containing a hydrocarbon feedstock. The conical drum assembly is internally heated to cause cracking of hydrocarbons adjacent the conical drum surface and the formation of coke on its external surface as the conical drum rotates. Coke is removed from the drum surface by a coke removal system and cracked hydrocarbon product is collected as a vapor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2009
    Assignee: Altene (Canada) Inc.
    Inventor: Karol Pawel Gawad
  • Patent number: 7547377
    Abstract: A coke-oven repairing apparatus comprising: a traveling carriage 3 which travels in the direction of coke oven battery with the carriage straddled on the rails placed on the top of a coke oven; a traversing carriage 4 provided on said traveling carriage 3, which moves in the direction orthogonal to the direction of coke oven battery; and a working device 5 for making repairs on the oven walls within the coke oven which is mounted on said traversing carriage 4, wherein the working device 5 includes: a guide post 31 which stands on the traversing carriage 4, and is also coupled, at its lower end portion, to a supporting portion provided on the traversing carriage through a pivot shaft 42; a lance 32 which ascends or descends along the guide post 31; and a derricking device 45 which tilts the guide post 31 between a forward-tilted posture and a backward-tilted posture using the pivot shaft 42 as the fulcrum to oscillate the lance 32 inserted in a coke-oven carbonizing chamber through a charging-hole, within
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2009
    Assignee: Kansai Coke and Chemicals Co., Ltd., The
    Inventors: Hironobu Inamasu, Nobuki Takayama, Shunji Horinouchi, Hirofumi Yamashita
  • Patent number: 7534326
    Abstract: Clamping system and method for clamping the bottom head cover of a coke drum to the bottom flange thereof are disclosed. The system and method include determining the flange stiffness or resistance to deflection resulting from the spring-like force exerted on the bottom head cover and bottom flange gasket seating surface by the gasket in its compressed state. This deflection information may then be used to estimate the minimum number of clamps needed to ensure sufficient load remains on the gasket at the midpoints between the clamps to effectively keep the gasket sealed. An appropriate number of clamps may then be disposed around the periphery of the bottom flange to clamp it to the bottom head cover. In one practical design, each clamp engages a lug attached to the periphery of the bottom head cover such that the clamp does not extend underneath the bottom head cover when clamped.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2009
    Assignee: ConocoPhillipcs Company
    Inventors: Brian J. Doerksen, Vance C. Green, Jinyang James Lu, Charles Schroeder, Meir Snir, Mohamad T. Ali
  • Publication number: 20090032384
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and a device for preparing products containing hydrocarbons by pyrolysis, especially for preparing old tires and/or comparable rubber products, and plastics and the like. According to the method: once the reactor (2) has been loaded, it is inserted into a thermal furnace (1); the reactor (2) is heated, during a first stage, to a temperature of between 80 and 120° C., which is maintained over a period of approximately 20 minutes, and nitrogen is blown into the reactor (2) during a second stage running in parallel; the humidity and oxygen contents are reduced in the reactor (2); the temperature is increased again in the reactor (2), during the subsequent process stages, to between 360 and 420° C. over a period of between 1 and 2 hours; the process temperature is briefly increased during the subsequent stage, to 480° C. and up to a maximum of 600° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2006
    Publication date: February 5, 2009
    Inventor: Werner Hasenkrug
  • Patent number: 7473337
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a system that allows an operator to remotely switch between cutting and boring while removing solid carbonaceous residue from large cylindrical vessels called coke drums comprising a cutting head for ejecting high pressure fluids into the coke bed; a flow diversion apparatus; and a shifting apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2009
    Assignee: Curtiss-Wright Flow Control Corporation
    Inventor: Ruben F. Lah
  • Patent number: 7459063
    Abstract: A coke drum bottom de-heading system having an internal shroud enclosure and a shroud end cap opened by a flange to a coke bottom de-heading valve capable of accepting the end of a gate valve upon actuation. Acting in coordination with the shroud enclosure to prevent the escape of steam is a gate seal assembly having a gate seal slidably engaged against the sliding gate to prevent the passage of steam thereby.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2008
    Assignee: Curtiss-Wright Flow Control Corporation
    Inventors: Ruben F. Lah, Gary Larsen
  • Patent number: 7399384
    Abstract: A coke drum bottom de-heading system having an internal shroud enclosure and a shroud end cap opened by a flange to a coke bottom de-heading valve capable of accepting the end of a gate valve upon actuation. Acting in coordination with the shroud enclosure to prevent the escape of steam is a gate seal assembly having a gate seal slidably engaged against the sliding gate to prevent the passage of steam thereby.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2008
    Assignee: Curtiss-Wright Flow Control Corporation
    Inventors: Ruben F. Lah, Gary Larsen
  • Patent number: 7393435
    Abstract: Described is an injection charging system in delayed coking drums (11), comprised of at least two injection pipes (11a) connected to the sidewall of a coking drum (1) in its tricone portion, and fed by a circular distributor crown, in order to allow coupling or decoupling of the large lower flange (11e) of the coking drum (1) without needing to disconnect the injection system (11) from the pumping and heating system (10).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2008
    Assignee: Petroleo Brasiliero S.A.
    Inventor: Eduardo Cardoso De Melo Guerra
  • Publication number: 20070284239
    Abstract: All the traditional coke towers are lower skirt supporting structure, which makes the heat fatigue of the tower under high temperature inevitable. The weld crack on the lower skirt and the expansion and deformation at the lower part of the tower will occur within several years. The working efficiency and lifespan of the coke tower are severely restrained. Provided is a new design of coke tower which can greatly improve the performance of the coke tower under the existing technique condition. The skirt support is raised higher, the coke stuffing segment is suspended, and the bearing force mode is changed at the coke stuffing segment. Additionally, a jacket is added to the outer wall of the coke stuffing section of the tower. The new design significantly improves the efficiency of the coke tower, and the lifespan of the tower is greatly extended.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2006
    Publication date: December 13, 2007
    Inventor: Jicheng Chen
  • Patent number: 7285249
    Abstract: An apparatus for the provision of a block flange of a manhole aperture or the like, in particular for fluidized bed reactors for the oxychlorination of ethylene, oxygen and HCl, having a wall flange fixed in the reactor wall, is intended to provide a solution whereby all other auxiliary measures can be dispensed with and the expense associated therewith can be eliminated without the functionality of the system suffering as a result and without undesirable deposits being formed in these areas. This is achieved in that the flange surface (5) pointing inward and downward in the direction of gravity is of beveled design, at least in some areas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2007
    Assignee: Krupp Uhde GmbH
    Inventor: Hartmut Schön
  • Patent number: 7276210
    Abstract: A stripping apparatus for desorbing gases from solid particles through which flows counter-currently a stripping fluid is described, which comprises a series of sets of at least two parallel, segmented, baffle plates each, with the segmented baffles being oriented so that the rows are offset relative to rows of other levels, where the thickness and separation of said sets of baffles is so dimensioned as to reduce coalescence of the size of the formed bubbles and optimize the hydrocarbons desorption from said fluidized solid particles. The solid particles are mainly spent catalyst particles from a FCC process. The stripping process to be carried out in a fluidized bed comprises contacting the spent catalyst with a stripping fluid that flows upwardly in the fluidized bed in the form of bubbles. Adsorbed hydrocarbons present in the spent catalyst are transferred from the catalyst emulsion that flows downwardly to the upwardly moving bubbles, so as to promote the efficient recovery of cracked products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2007
    Assignee: Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. -Petrobras
    Inventors: Henrique Soares Cerqueira, Cláudia M De Lacerda Alvarenga Baptista, José Mózart Fusco
  • Patent number: 7189310
    Abstract: Improved coke chute systems (100) include a lock (130) that receives and automatically secures a coke-receiving conduit (110) to a coke vessel after the lock (130) is switched to a closed position. Contemplated systems may further be combined with a horizontally movable coke chute cover, or a cover that is moved by an actuator (114) that lifts and rotates the cover from a first position to a second position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2007
    Assignee: Fluor Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Leslie P. Antalffy, Samuel A. Martin, John W. Oder, Michael B. Knowles, George T. West
  • Patent number: 7169266
    Abstract: A coke drum head is hinged to a coke drum body using a compound joint such as a trammel pivot, and the head is moved between open and closed positions using an actuator. In moving between open and closed positions, the head traces out a non-circular path which reduces the required headroom relative to a head using a standard pivot.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2007
    Assignee: Fluor Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Leslie P. Antalffy, Glenda T. Ruiz, legal representative, Gerald Bryant, Michael B. Knowles, David W. Malek, Samuel A. Martin, Robert Benoit, deceased
  • Patent number: 7166197
    Abstract: A coke-oven door has an annular periphery normally juxtaposed with an annular door frame. A seal assembly for the door has at least two flexible, relatively displaceable, metallic, and annular membranes each having an annular inner periphery and an annular outer periphery and a U-section channel fixed to the outer periphery of only one of the membranes, open toward the door, and having annular inner and outer edges. The other membrane bears on the one membrane and therethrough on the channel. A mount secures the inner peripheries of the membranes to the periphery of the door. A spring urges the edges of the channel with a spring force against the door frame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2007
    Assignee: Deutsche Montan Technologie GmbH
    Inventors: Hans-Josef Giertz, Klaus Dieter Ruthemann, Jürgen George, Franz Liesewitz, Horst Schröder, Friedrich Wilhelm Cyris
  • Patent number: 7115190
    Abstract: The present invention features a tangential injection system for use within a delayed coking system, or any other similar system. The tangential injection system comprises a spool, a tangential dispenser, and a hydro blasting system, wherein the tangential dispenser comprises a delivery main surrounding the perimeter of the spool and that functions to deliver a residual byproduct or other material to a plurality of feed lines positioned at a position or at distances around the delivery main for the purpose of providing tangential dispensing of the residual byproduct into the vessel, thus effectuating or inducing even thermal distribution throughout the vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2006
    Assignee: Curtiss-Wright Flow Control Corporation
    Inventor: Ruben F. Lah
  • Patent number: 7077618
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device for lilting and removing oven doors of a coking oven that is comprised of a door removing head (1), which can be coupled to vertically extending oven doors of a horizontal chamber coking oven, of a drive device (3) for effecting adjusting movements of the door removing head (1), and of a suction hood, which can be displaced along the horizontal chamber coking oven above the oven door. According to the invention, sealing elements (5) are connected to the door removing head (1) and, on both sides of an oven door (2) to be opened, can be displaced against front contact surfaces (6) of the horizontal chamber coking oven. Said sealing elements extend essentially over the entire height of the oven door (2) and into the suction area (4) of the suction hood, and they form a suction chamber (8) for door emissions when the oven door (2) is opened.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2006
    Assignee: Uhde GmbH
    Inventor: Ralf Knoch
  • Patent number: 7067043
    Abstract: A coke oven has a coke-oven chamber adapted to hold a mass of coke, defining above the mass of coke a gas-collecting chamber, and having a door opening. A door closes the door opening. A peripheral gas channel extends around the opening between the door and coke-oven chamber and has at least one outer and at least one inner door seal defining an annular space. The inner door seal is formed in both the coke-oven chamber and the gas-collecting chamber with a plurality of throughgoing holes forming fluid-communicating connections between the coke-oven chamber, the gas-collecting chamber, and the annular space at different heights of the coke-oven chamber and of the gas-collecting chamber. Thus regions of the coke-oven chamber with different gas pressures communicate with each other and with the annular space via the connections on the inner door seal to equalize pressure between the regions and the gas-collecting chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2006
    Assignee: Deutsche Montan Technologie GmbH
    Inventors: Hans-Josef Giertz, Franz Liesewitz, Friedrich-Wilhelm Cyris, Frank Rossa
  • Patent number: 7033460
    Abstract: A coke drum bottom de-heading system having an internal shroud enclosure and a shroud end cap opened by a flange to a coke bottom de-heading valve capable of accepting the end of a gate valve upon actuation. Acting in coordination with the shroud enclosure to prevent the escape of steam is a gate seal assembly having a gate seal slidably engaged against the sliding gate to prevent the passage of steam thereby.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2006
    Assignee: Curtiss-Wright Flow Control Corportaion
    Inventors: Ruben F. Lah, Gary Larsen
  • Patent number: 6929719
    Abstract: The invention relates to a levelling bar for coking ovens, for levelling the cones of discharged coal which form under the filling holes of the oven chamber during the filling process. The levelling bar consists of two cheeks, such as plates (1), which extend essentially over the entire length of the ranged at a distance from each other depending on the width of the oven chamber, and parallel to each other. They are also interconnected and are essentially vertical. The levelling bar also has transversal coal carriers (2) which are arranged in the intermediate space delimited by the cheeks (1) at a mutual distance, one behind the other and which only extend over part of the cross-sectional surface of the levelling bar formed between he cheeks (1). The height (3) of the coal carriers (2), which take up the entire interval between the cheeks, is less than the height (H) of the cheeks (1) and the cheek form a gas channel (6) above the coal carriers (2) which is essentially free of built-in components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2005
    Assignee: DMT Deutsche Montan Technologie GmbH
    Inventors: Hans-Josef Giertz, Jürgen George, Klaus-Dieter Ruthemann
  • Patent number: 6926807
    Abstract: An insulated transition spool apparatus for mounting unheading devices to pressure vessels, such as coker vessels, and enabling repetitive operation thereof is disclosed. The apparatus comprises an outer housing, an inner housing that encloses an insulating space between the inner and outer housing, a side feed entry aperture in each housing and a spool adapter flange to facilitate attachment of the spool to the vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2005
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: David M. Bosi, David W. Reeves
  • Patent number: 6808602
    Abstract: A coke drum bottom head removal system and method for deheading the bottom head cover of a coke drum comprises a carriage that is positionable beneath the bottom head cover, and a cart mounted to the carriage. Several clamps vertically mounted to the cart are positionable in a closed position, in which the clamps apply a compressive force that maintains substantially fluid tight engagement between the bottom head cover and bottom head flange, and an opened position, in which the clamps allow a limited spacing between the bottom head cover and the bottom head flange. A plurality of supports mounted to the cart support the bottom head cover once the fasteners coupling the bottom head cover to the bottom head flange are removed and the clamps are in the opened position. The system can be remotely operated to enhance operator safety when the bottom head cover is removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2004
    Assignee: ConocoPhillips Company
    Inventors: Sergio Gustavo Schonfeld, Kenneth Allan Larson, Rodney Karl Hogan
  • Publication number: 20040129553
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device for controlling the gas pressure in a coke oven chamber comprising an immersion cup, which supplies water, and an immersion pipe, which is connected to the gas space of the coke oven chamber and terminates in the immersion cup. The immersion cup comprises an overflow and a closeable drain. The invention provides that, in order to control the level of the liquid, a drain pipe for water is provided whose inlet side end projects into the immersion pipe and whose lateral surface side is provided with inflow openings for admitting water. A slide, which is open on both faces, is placed inside the drain pipe, closes the inflow openings of the drain pipe according to its position in the longitudinal direction and forms a vertically adjustable overflow for the water flowing into the drain tube. The inflow side end of the drain pipe is surrounded by a siphon pipe, which closes the drain pipe at the top and forms an annular channel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2003
    Publication date: July 8, 2004
    Inventors: Frank Krebber, Manfred Stier, Helmut Dobert
  • Patent number: 6733635
    Abstract: A coke oven buckstay moving device and method which can be used to quickly, reliably, and smoothly repair buckstays compared to conventional methods and devices. The coke oven buckstay moving means includes a main car, a subcar, a frame, and securing means. The main car is used when repairing pillered buckstays that support oven walls of the coke oven, and moves on a coke side platform or a machine side platform. The subcar is placed on the main car, and can freely move forward and backward in a direction of a lengthwise direction of the coke oven. The frame is provided in a standing manner on the subcar. The securing members are mounted to the frame and are used to grasp and secure the buckstays. According to the method, a damaged portion of the buckstay is secured to the subcar, cut, and then removed. Reversing the steps, a replacement buckstay is secured to the subcar, moved into position, and welded into place. The subcar is detached, and the oven repaired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2004
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Tatsuya Ozawa, Nozomu Tamura, Tetsuro Uchida, Nobuya Kamide
  • Patent number: 6635148
    Abstract: A method for refining an easily polymerizable matter while preventing an easily polymerizable matter-containing substance from being polymerized and an apparatus for use in the method are disclosed. The method and apparatus for refining and separating the easily polymerizable matter-containing substance by the use of a distillation column provided with a heat exchanger set the linear velocity of a vapor in a connecting line intervening between the distillation column and the heat exchanger at a level of not less than 5 m per second and the retention time of the vapor at a level of not more than 3 seconds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2003
    Assignee: Nippon Shokubai
    Inventors: Takeshi Nishimura, Yukihiro Matsumoto
  • Publication number: 20030062253
    Abstract: The object of this invention to provide an improved arrangement that enables to prevent adhesion of polymer on or around the inner wall of a purification apparatus directly equipped on the outer wall thereof with an attachment such as a support by suppressing local temperature lowering inside the apparatus due to the existence of the attachment. The present invention provides a purification apparatus comprising an attachment directly mounted on an outer wall of the apparatus; and a covering material made of a low heat conductive material which partly or entirely covers the outer wall of the apparatus, and which partly or entirely covers the attachment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2002
    Publication date: April 3, 2003
    Inventors: Yukihiro Matsumoto, Takeshi Nishimura
  • Publication number: 20020170813
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for reclaiming deicer from produced water of an oil or gas well includes a fractionation tower having a top condenser section, a bottom heat exchanger section and an intermediate packing section. A deicer outlet is positioned in the condenser section, for removal of condensed deicer. An inlet is provided to receive produced water contaminated by deicer. The inlet is coupled to the condenser section such that produced water must pass through the condenser to enter the inlet. A water outlet is provided in the heat exchanger section. Operation of the water outlet is controlled to maintain a predetermined level of accumulated water in the heat exchanger section. The heat exchanger is adapted to be coupled with a source of hot fluids produced by an external heat source. The circulation of hot fluids through the heat exchanger heats accumulated water in the heat exchanger section.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 9, 2002
    Publication date: November 21, 2002
    Inventor: Kevin Melvin Kjelland
  • Patent number: 6423188
    Abstract: The present invention provides a substantially remote operable system for connecting and disconnecting a vessel. The system comprises a substantially remotely operable joint connector for connecting and disconnecting structural units. The system and the method using the system may also comprise a remote operable closure transport for removing a vessel closure from an opening in the vessel, and a substantially remote operable removal system for allowing material to be emptied from the vessel to increase operational efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2002
    Assignee: Automated Connectors Holdings, L.P.
    Inventor: Kelly Fetzer