Initial Distillation Under Positive Pressure Or Vacuum Patents (Class 203/77)
  • Patent number: 9505691
    Abstract: Process for producing acetic acid is disclosed in which the reaction medium is separated into a liquid recycle and a vapor product stream including acetic acid, methyl iodide, methyl acetate and water in a flash vessel. The vapor product stream is condensed into a liquid stream that is enriched in acetic acid and this liquid stream is further sent to the distillation columns to recover acetic acid. The process advantageously improves the capacity of the acetic acid production while reducing the amount of acetic acid that is recycled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventor: Ronald David Shaver
  • Patent number: 9017522
    Abstract: A process to separate a multi-component hydrocarbon stream which includes ethylene and other components with at least some of the components being present in a number of phases, is provided. The process includes in a first flash stage, flashing the multi-component hydrocarbon stream, from an elevated pressure and temperature to a pressure in the range of 10-18 bar(a), producing a first ethylene-containing vapor stream at a pressure in the range of 10-18 bar(a) and a multi-phase stream which includes some ethylene. In a second flash stage, the multi-phase stream is flashed to a pressure of less than 6 bar(a), producing a second vapor stream at a pressure of less than 6 bar(a) and a bottoms stream. The first ethylene-containing vapor stream is removed from the first flash stage, the second vapor stream is removed from the second flash stage and the bottoms stream is removed from the second flash stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Sasol Technolgy (Proprietary) Limited
    Inventors: Johannes Jochemus Gildenhuys, Andrew Kenneth Stone, William Francis Revelt
  • Patent number: 8993825
    Abstract: An aromatics complex producing one or more xylene isomers offers a large number of opportunities to conserve energy by heat exchange within the complex. One previously unrecognized opportunity is through providing two parallel distillation columns operating at different pressures to separate C8 aromatics from C9+ aromatics. The parallel columns offer additional opportunities to conserve energy within the complex through heat exchange in associated xylene recovery facilities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory R. Werba, Jason T. Corradi, Xin X. Zhu, David W. Ablin, Saadet Ulas Acikgoz, Phillip F. Daly
  • Patent number: 8952187
    Abstract: The present invention provides certain improvements in methods for processing vegetable oils and apparatus for carrying out such methods. One embodiment provides a method for processing a partially processed oil including glycerides and a volatilizable impurity fraction. The partially processed oil may processed by driving off a first volatiles stream comprising a portion of the glycerides and at least a portion of the volatilizable impurity fraction, leaving a deodorized oil. The first volatiles stream may be introduced into a first condensing chamber and a glyceride-rich, impurity-poor first condensate may be condensed from the first volatiles stream, leaving a glyceride-poor, impurity-rich second volatiles stream. The second volatiles stream may be passed into a second condensing chamber and a glyceride-poor, impurity-rich second condensate may be condensed from the second volatiles stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Cargill, Incorporated
    Inventor: Marco Bernardus Kruidenberg
  • Patent number: 8933277
    Abstract: A process is provided for recovering components from a low boiler mixture which is obtained in the distillation of hydrogenation effluents from the preparation of polymethylols, by multistage distillation of the low boiler mixture having a tertiary amine, water, methanol, a polymethylol, a methylolalkanal, an alcohol and an alkanal with a methylene group in the alpha position to the carbonyl group. A first distillation stage involves separating the low boiler mixture into a higher-boiling, predominantly water-rich fraction and into a lower-boiling aqueous organic fraction having the tertiary amine. A second distillation stage involves separating the aqueous organic fraction from the first distillation stage into a predominantly amine-containing fraction and a further amine-depleted fraction. The tertiary amine is trimethylamine or triethylamine and the bottom temperature in the second distillation stage is at least 110° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Stephan Schlitter, Michael Steiniger, Stefan Rittinger, Tilman Sirch, Steffen Maas
  • Publication number: 20140311889
    Abstract: The present invention relates to processes to remove butanol and other product alcohols from a fermentation broth employing vacuum vaporization.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 6, 2012
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Inventors: Joseph J. Zaher, Steven Christopher Barr, Robert W. Sylvester, Aidan Hurley
  • Publication number: 20140283717
    Abstract: Processes for converting organic material into renewable fuel products. A feedstock containing organic material is processed at an elevated pressure and temperature to lyse, decarboxylate, and carbonize cell structures. A portion of the processed slurry may be recirculated and mixed with cool, pressurized feedstock prior to reaching a mechanical mixing device to preheat and reduce the viscosity of the feedstock. The pressure and temperature are reduced, which may occur simultaneously to flash volatile materials, such as ammonia, out of the slurry, thereby reducing the presence of the materials in the final product and allowing recovery of the materials. The processed slurry may be treated with a halide to reduce mercury emissions in the final product. The treated slurry is mechanically and thermally dewatered resulting in a renewable fuel product in dried particulate or pelletized form that is a viable energy source having a positive heating value.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 4, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Applicant: SGC Advisors, LLC
    Inventors: Kevin M. Bolin, James R. Miller
  • Publication number: 20140275465
    Abstract: A process of purifying 1,4-butanediol (1,4-BDO) from a fermentation broth including separating solid materials, salts and water, and subjecting the resulting material to a two, three or four column distillation system, that can include a wiped film evaporator to produce a purified 1,4-butanediol.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: SVB Janardhan Garikipati, Michael Japs, Ishmael M. Sonico
  • Publication number: 20140183031
    Abstract: A process is proposed for the treatment of a recycling stream (1) from a plant for the production of polyarylene ether sulfones via polycondensation of aromatic bishalogen compounds and of aromatic bisphenols or their salts in the presence of at least one alkali metal carbonate or ammonium carbonate or alkali metal hydrogencarbonate or ammonium hydrogencarbonate in an N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone as solvent, comprising from 60 to 90% by weight of water, from 10 to 40% by weight of the N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone and, as contaminant detrimental to specification, up to 5000 ppm by weight of the N-alkylsuccinimide corresponding to the N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone and, alongside this, up to 1000 ppm by weight of other substances with higher boiling point than the N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone, in particular inorganic salts, based in each case on the total weight of the recycling stream (1), where the entirety of the components gives 100% by weight, giving a pure N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone stream (2) which can be returned to the plant for the p
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 26, 2013
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Christoph Sigwart, Cornelies Hendricus De Ruiter, Jörg Erbes, Gerhard Lange, Tobias Kortekamp
  • Publication number: 20140140905
    Abstract: A method for treating process distillate heavies produced during uranium fluoride purification is described. The heavies contain primarily uranium hexafluoride, UF6, and molybdenum oxytetrafluoride, MoOF4. The uranium hexafluoride is removed via distillation at reduced pressure leaving essentially MoOF4 containing <0.1% of residual uranium hexafluoride. This mixture is hydrolyzed in water, then treated with a solution of sodium hydroxide until a pH of at least 7.5 is reached. The precipitated sodium diuranate and sodium fluoride are removed by filtration. The filtrate is reacted with calcium chloride to precipitate the molybdenum values as calcium molybdate containing trace quantities of calcium fluoride.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2013
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: David Nalewajek, Kent Beckman
  • Patent number: 8691055
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to processes and systems for purifying technical grade trichlorosilane and/or technical grade silicon tetrachloride into electronic grade trichlorosilane and/or electronic grade silicon tetrachloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: MEMC Electronic Materials SpA
    Inventor: Gianfranco Ghetti
  • Patent number: 8658846
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are processes for separation of 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene and hydrogen fluoride using azeotropic distillation. Additionally, disclosed are processes for separating mixtures of 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene, hydrogen fluoride and 1,1,1,2,3-pentafluoropropane (HFC-245eb) and/or 1,1,1,2,2-pentafluoropropane (HFC-245cb) by azeotropic distillation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Jeffrey P. Knapp
  • Patent number: 8609922
    Abstract: An aromatics complex producing one or more xylene isomers offers a large number of opportunities to conserve energy by heat exchange within the complex. One previously unrecognized opportunity is through providing two parallel distillation columns operating at different pressures to separate C8 aromatics from C9+ aromatics. The parallel columns offer additional opportunities to conserve energy within the complex through heat exchange in associated xylene recovery facilities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory R. Werba, Xin X. Zhu, Phillip F. Daly, Saadet Ulas Acikgoz, Jason T. Corradi, David W. Ablin
  • Publication number: 20130245301
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process and an apparatus for purifying a mixture of terpene material and tall oil material for the production of biofuels and components thereof. The present invention relates further to hydroprocessing of the purified material to obtain biofuels and components thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2011
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Applicant: UPM-KYMMENE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jaakko Nousiainen, Heli Laumola, Arto Rissanen, Jari Kotoneva, Matti Ristolainen
  • Patent number: 8535488
    Abstract: There is provided a method for a purification of trichlorosilane, the method including: performing a pretreatment for separating a chlorosilane mixture from reaction products of a trichlorosilane production reaction; performing a first purification for separating the chlorosilane mixture into a first top stream and a first bottom stream; performing a second purification for separating the first top stream into a second top stream and a second bottom stream; and performing a third purification for separating the second bottom stream into a third top stream and a third bottom stream, wherein the performing of the third purification is carried out under pressure conditions higher than those of the performing of the second purification, and a heat exchange is generated between the second bottom stream and the third top stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Chul-Hwan Choi, Jeong-Seok Lee, Kwang-Wook Choi, Joon-Ho Shin, Dong-Kyu Kim
  • Patent number: 8535538
    Abstract: Embodiments provided herein include methods and apparatuses for purification and recycling of hydrofracture water used in natural gas drilling and production. Embodiments include removal of dissolved solids by precipitation with sodium sulfate and by evaporation using, for example, a multiple effect evaporator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Fairmount Brine Processing, LLC
    Inventors: John J. Keeling, Rex B. Tennant, II, David B. Wingard
  • Publication number: 20130211031
    Abstract: The present invention relates to specific water and solvent-free nitrile rubbers having specific functional groups and/or end groups, a process for the production thereof and the use thereof. This process involves removing volatile compounds from a fluid (F) containing (1) at least one nitrile rubber and (2) at least one volatile compound, wherein the process comprises at least the steps of a.) treating the fluid (F) in at least one conversation unit, b.) retreating the concentrated fluid from step a.) in at least one retreating unit and c.) feeding the retreated concentrated fluid from step b.) into at least one retreating unit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2011
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicants: LANXESS INTERNATIONAL S.A., LANXESS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH
    Inventors: Matthias Soddemann, Werner Obrecht, Franz-Josef Mersmann, Hanns-Ingolf Paul, Paul Wagner, Rolf Feller, Thomas Köenig, Jörg Kirchhoff, Werner Bäcker, John Lovegrove
  • Publication number: 20130211030
    Abstract: The present invention relates to water and solvent-free polymers, in particular water and solvent-free synthetic rubber products like styrene butadiene rubber products and butadiene rubber products as well as a process for the production thereof. The invention further relates to a device suitable to accomplish said process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2011
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: LANXESS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH
    Inventors: Paul Wagner, Hanns-Ingolf Paul, Rolf Feller, Wolfgang Krumbe, Alicia Le-Sattler, Heike Kloppenburg, Martin Siebuerger, John Lovegrove
  • Publication number: 20130175158
    Abstract: Disclosed are a method for producing ethanol and a device for producing ethanol that are suitable to the recycled use of an enzyme. The device is configured from: a vacuum distillation tower (11) into which an ethanol-fermented liquid generated by saccharification fermentation of a biomass starting material is introduced, and with the interior in a state that is at a lower pressure than atmospheric pressure, that subjects the ethanol-fermented liquid to distillation, distilling ethanol vapor that contains water vapor, and removing as a bottom product the enzyme-containing concentrated waste liquid that is roused for saccharification fermentation of the biomass starting material; and a fractionating tower (12) for fractionating the ethanol vapor distilled from the vacuum distillation tower (11).
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 21, 2011
    Publication date: July 11, 2013
    Inventors: Takafumi Kiuchi, Ryohta Hidaka, Yoichi Ishibashi, Tomonori Sumi, Yasuhiko Katoh, Yasuki Kansha, Atsushi Tsutsumi
  • Patent number: 8372993
    Abstract: A process for removing trioxane from a use stream I of formaldehyde, trioxane and water, by a) providing a use stream I which comprises formaldehyde as the main component and trioxane and water as the secondary components, b) feeding the use stream I, a recycle stream V and a recycle stream VII which comprises formaldehyde as the main component and water and trioxane as the secondary components into a first distillation stage and distilling to obtain a stream II a steam III and formaldehyde as the and a steam X c) distilling the stream III, in a second distillation stage the pressure in the second distillation stage being from 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Neven Lang, Joachim Thiel, Eckhard Stroefer, Julia Kirschbaum, Markus Siegert
  • Publication number: 20130018197
    Abstract: The present invention provides certain improvements in methods for processing vegetable oils and apparatus for carrying out such methods. One embodiment provides a method for processing a partially processed oil including glycerides and a volatilizable impurity fraction. The partially processed oil may processed by driving off a first volatiles stream comprising a portion of the glycerides and at least a portion of the volatilizable impurity fraction, leaving a deodorized oil. The first volatiles stream may be introduced into a first condensing chamber and a glyceride-rich, impurity-poor first condensate may be condensed from the first volatiles stream, leaving a glyceride-poor, impurity-rich second volatiles stream. The second volatiles stream may be passed into a second condensing chamber and a glyceride-poor, impurity-rich second condensate may be condensed from the second volatiles stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2012
    Publication date: January 17, 2013
    Applicant: Cargill, Incorporated
    Inventor: Marco KRUIDENBERG
  • Patent number: 8350063
    Abstract: A process for separating trioxane from a feed stream I comprising formaldehyde, trioxane and water, in which a) a feed stream I comprising formaldehyde as main component and trioxane and water as secondary components is provided, b) the feed stream I, a recycle stream V and a recycle stream VII comprising formaldehyde as main component and water and trioxane as secondary components are fed into a first distillation stage and distilled at a pressure of from 0.1 to 2.5 bar to give a stream II comprising formaldehyde as main component and water as secondary component and a stream III comprising trioxane as main component and water and formaldehyde as secondary components and a stream X comprising water, trioxane and formaldehyde, c) the stream III is, if appropriate after removal of low boilers from the stream III in a low boiler removal stage, distilled in a second distillation stage at a pressure of from 0.2 to 17.5 bar, with the pressure in the second distillation stage being from 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Markus Siegert, Neven Lang, Laszlo Szarvas, Christoph Sigwart, Franz Niklaus Windlin, Eckhard Stroefer
  • Patent number: 8293075
    Abstract: Processes for the continuous fractional distillation of a mixture containing morpholine (MO), monoaminodiglycol (ADG), ammonia and water from a reaction of diethylene glycol (DEG) with ammonia, the process including: (i) separating off ammonia from the mixture at a top of a first distillation column K10; (ii) feeding a bottom fraction from K10 to a second distillation column K20, in which water and an organic product are separated off at the top at a temperature at the top in the range from 45 to 198° C. and a pressure in the range from 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Helmut Schmidtke, Oliver Buβmann, Ralph Versch, Udo Rheude, Uwe Leyk, Manfred Julius, Martin Rudloff, Erhard Henkes
  • Patent number: 8287698
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process and a system for producing alcohol by distillation with energy optimization using split-feed technology. The process of the present invention comprises the steps of: a) splitting a stream of wine to feed two depuration columns , the depuration column generating a stream of phlegma and the depuration column generating a stream of phlegma and a stream of vinasse; b) feeding the stream of phlegma into at least one rectification column generating a top flow and a stream of hydrated alcohol; c) effecting the heat exchange between the top flow from at least one rectification column and the stream of vinasse from the depuration column in at least one heat exchanger; and d) feeding the stream of phlegma into a rectification column generating a stream of hydrated alcohol. The present invention further relates to hydrated alcohol produced by the process described above and to a process for producing anhydrous alcohol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2012
    Assignees: Siemens Ltda., Dedini S/A Industrias de Base
    Inventors: Flávio Martins De Queiroz Guimarães, Carlos Eduardo Fontes Da Costa E Silva, Adler Gomes Moura
  • Patent number: 8282792
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to processes and systems for purifying technical grade trichlorosilane and/or technical grade silicon tetrachloride into electronic grade trichlorosilane and/or electronic grade silicon tetrachloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2012
    Assignee: MEMC Electronic Materials S.p.A.
    Inventor: Gianfranco Ghetti
  • Publication number: 20120241309
    Abstract: A closed loop process for recovering purified processing fluid from contaminated processing fluid. The contaminated processing fluid is subjected to a first separation step, and there is recovered a first stream comprising the bulk of the processing fluid substantially free of contaminants, and a second stream containing processing fluid with concentrated levels of contaminants. The second stream is subjected to a second separation zone to produce a third stream comprising purified processing fluid and a fourth stream comprising contaminants.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2010
    Publication date: September 27, 2012
    Inventor: Michael G. Millard
  • Patent number: 8246793
    Abstract: Processes for the continuous fractional distillation of a mixture comprising morpholine (MO), monoaminodiglycol (ADG), ammonia and water from a reaction of diethylene glycol (DEG) with ammonia, the process comprising: (i) separating off ammonia from the mixture at a top of a first distillation column K10; (ii) feeding a bottom fraction from the first distillation column to a second distillation column K20, wherein water and an organic product are separated off at a top of the second distillation column at a top temperature of 45 to 198° C. and a pressure in the range from 0.1 to 15 bar; (iii) feeding a bottom fraction from the second distillation column to a third distillation column K30, wherein morpholine and an organic product having a boiling point of <140° C. (1.013 bar) are separated off at a point selected from a top and a side offtake of the third distillation column, and monoaminodiglycol and an organic product having a boiling point of >190° C. (1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2012
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Helmut Schmidtke, Oliver Buβmann, Ralph Versch, Udo Rheude, Uwe Leyk, Manfred Julius, Martin Rudloff, Erhard Henkes
  • Publication number: 20120199467
    Abstract: A process to separate a multi-component hydrocarbon stream which includes ethylene and other components with at least some of the components being present in a number of phases, is provided. The process includes in a first flash stage, flashing the multi-component hydrocarbon stream, from an elevated pressure and temperature to a pressure in the range of 10-18 bar(a), producing a first ethylene-containing vapour stream at a pressure in the range of 10-18 bar(a) and a multi-phase stream which includes some ethylene. In a second flash stage, the multi-phase stream is flashed to a pressure of less than 6 bar(a), producing a second vapour stream at a pressure of less than 6 bar(a) and a bottoms stream. The first ethylene-containing vapour stream is removed from the first flash stage, the second vapour stream is removed from the second flash stage and the bottoms stream is removed from the second flash stage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2010
    Publication date: August 9, 2012
    Applicant: SASOL TECHNOLOGY (PROPRIETARY) LIMITED
    Inventors: Johannes Jochemus Gildenhuys, Andrew Kenneth Stone, William Francis Revelt
  • Publication number: 20120157695
    Abstract: Crude fluoroethylene carbonate obtained by the fluorination of ethylene carbonate and elemental fluorine containing not more than 5% by weight of HF is purified by at least two subsequent distillation steps. The bulk of HF can be removed, if desired, in a preliminary HF removal step, e.g., by stripping, before performing the distillation. Further, if desired, a second HF removal step can be performed by contacting the crude mixture or the distillate obtained after the first distillation step with an adsorbent for HF, e.g., silica gel. The distillation can be performed batch wise. It is preferred to perform the distillation continuously. It yields purified fluoroethylene carbonate with an HF content of equal to or less than 30 ppm. The purified fluoroethylene carbonate can be applied as solvent additive for lithium ion batteries.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 17, 2010
    Publication date: June 21, 2012
    Applicant: SOLVAY FLUOR GMBH
    Inventors: Alain Lambert, Christoph Sommer, Harald Krueger, Jens Olschimke
  • Patent number: 8197646
    Abstract: Process for the continuous fractional distillation of mixtures including morpholine (MO), monoaminodiglycol (ADG), ammonia and water obtained by reaction of diethylene glycol (DEG) with ammonia, which includes separating off ammonia at the top of a first distillation column K10, feeding the bottoms from K10 to a second distillation column K20 in which water and organic products are separated off at the top at a temperature at the top in the range from 45 to 198° C. and a pressure in the range from 0.1 to 15 bar, feeding the bottoms from K20 to a third distillation column K30 in which MO and organic products having a boiling point of <140° C. (1.013 bar) are separated off at the top or at a side offtake and ADG and organic products having a boiling point of >190° C. (1.013 bar) are separated off at the bottom, feeding the MO including stream which is separated off at the top or at a side offtake of the column K30 to a fourth column K40 in which organic products having a boiling point of ?128° C. (1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2012
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Helmut Schmidtke, Oliver Buβmann, Ralph Versch, Udo Rheude, Uwe Leyk, Manfred Julius, Martin Rudloff, Erhard Henkes
  • Patent number: 8192589
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and a device for the purification of an aqueous solution of an organic acid having a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of less than 450° C., which further has approximately 275 g carboxylate ions/l or less, preferably 250 g carboxylate ions/l or less, and preferably less than 1% by weight ionic impurities, calculated on the basis of the total solution. In particular, the invention relates to a method and a device for the continuous purification and concentration, on an industrial scale, of an aqueous solution of an organic acid having a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of less than 450° C. According to the method, this solution is subjected to two or more distillation steps, the first distillation step being carried out at a temperature of from 80° to 150° C. and a pressure of from 50 to 250 mbar, and the second distillation step being carried out at a temperature of from 80° to 200° C. and a pressure of from 0.01 to 50 mbar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Purac Biochem B.V.
    Inventors: Hendrik Martinus Winkelaar, Jan Van Breugel, Margarita Camprubi Vilá, José Maria Vidal Lancis
  • Publication number: 20120116140
    Abstract: The invention is a method for processing a mixture containing water, 3-methyl-1-butene and at least one other methylbutene. The method comprises primary distillation of the mixture, giving a gaseous primary overhead product containing methylbutene and water and a water-free primary bottom product containing 3-methyl-1-butene; condensation of the gaseous primary overhead product so as to give a condensate comprising a liquid aqueous phase and a liquid organic phase; separation of the condensate into a liquid aqueous phase and a liquid organic phase; discharge of the liquid aqueous phase; recirculation of the organic phase to the primary distillation; and finally secondary distillation of the water-free primary bottom product from the primary distillation so as to give a secondary overhead product comprising 3-methyl-1-butene and a secondary bottom product. The secondary overhead product obtained has a purity which enables it to be used directly as monomer or comonomer for preparing polymers or copolymers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2010
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Applicant: EVONIK OXENO GMBH
    Inventors: Markus Winterberg, Alfred Kaizik, Armin Rix, Michael Grass, Wilfried Bueschken, Marc Becker
  • Patent number: 8172987
    Abstract: An energy-efficient extractive distillation process for producing anhydrous ethanol from aqueous/ethanol feeds containing any range of ethanol employs an extractive distillation column (EDC) that operates under no or greatly reduced liquid reflux conditions. The EDC can be incorporated into an integrated process for producing anhydrous ethanol used for gasoline blending from fermentation broth. By using a high-boiling extractive distillation solvent, no solvent, is entrained by the vapor phase to the EDC overhead stream, even under no liquid reflux conditions. The energy requirement and severity of the EDC can be further improved by limiting ethanol recovery in the EDC. In this partial ethanol recovery design, ethanol which remains in the aqueous stream from the EDC is recovered in a post-distillation column or the aqueous stream is recycled to a front-end pre-distillation column where the ethanol is readily recovered since the VLE curve for ethanol/water is extremely favorable for distillation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Assignees: AMT International Inc., CPC Corporation, Taiwan
    Inventors: Fu-Ming Lee, Tzong-Bin Lin, Jyh-Haur Hwang, Hung-Chung Shen, Kuang-Yeu Wu, Lindsey Vuong, Fong-Cheng Su, Po-Sung Cheng, Tai-Ping Chang
  • Publication number: 20120103786
    Abstract: A method for separating and recovering an aromatic aldehyde from a mixture thereof that also contains tar and light and heavy impurities, includes feeding the liquid flow containing this mixture into an evaporator, vaporizing the mixture in order to separate, on the one hand, a gaseous flow containing the aromatic aldehyde, the light impurities, the heavy impurities that can be vaporized at the selected evaporation temperature and pressure and, on the other hand, a liquid flow essentially containing the tar, and recovering the aromatic aldehyde from the separated gaseous flow.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2009
    Publication date: May 3, 2012
    Inventors: Hubert Gayet, Jean-Claude Masson
  • Patent number: 7879198
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to processes and systems for purifying technical grade trichlorosilane and/or technical grade silicon tetrachloride into electronic grade trichlorosilane and/or electronic grade silicon tetrachloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: MEMC Electronic Materials, Inc.
    Inventor: Gianfranco Ghetti
  • Patent number: 7781626
    Abstract: The invention relates to azeotropic and azeotrope-like mixtures of 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorobutane (HFC-365) and hydrogen fluoride and a process for separating the azeotrope-like mixtures. The compositions of the invention are useful as an intermediate in the production of HFC-365. The latter is useful as a nontoxic, zero ozone depleting fluorocarbon useful as a solvent, blowing agent, refrigerant, cleaning agent and aerosol to propellant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2010
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc
    Inventors: Hang T. Pham, Rajiv R. Singh, Hsueh S. Tung
  • Patent number: 7713387
    Abstract: A process for removing trioxane from a use stream I of formaldehyde, trioxane and water, by a) providing a use stream I of formaldehyde as the main component and trioxane and water as the secondary components, b) mixing the use stream I with a recycle stream VII to obtain a feed stream Ia, c) distilling the use stream Ia in a first distillation stage to obtain a stream II of formaldehyde as the main component and water as the secondary component, and a stream III of trioxane as the main component and water and formaldehyde as the secondary components, d) distilling the stream III in a second distillation stage having a pressure higher than in the first distillation stage, to obtain a stream IV of trioxane and a stream V of trioxane as the main component and water and formaldehyde as the secondary components, e) distilling the stream V in a third distillation stage to obtain a stream VI of water and the recycle stream VII of trioxane as the main component and water and formaldehyde as the secondary components
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2010
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Markus Siegert, Neven Lang, Eckhard Ströfer, Achim Stammer, Thorsten Friese, Hans Hasse
  • Patent number: 7695595
    Abstract: Process for the production of a hydrofluoroalkane, according to which hydrofluoroalkane comprising organic impurities is subjected to at least two distillations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2010
    Assignee: Solvay S.A.
    Inventors: Dominique Balthasart, Charles-Marie Anciaux, Yves Mahaut, Roland Klug
  • Publication number: 20100084257
    Abstract: Processes for the continuous fractional distillation of a mixture comprising morpholine (MO), monoaminodiglycol (ADG), ammonia and water from a reaction of diethylene glycol (DEG) with ammonia, the process comprising: (i) separating off ammonia from the mixture at a top of a first distillation column K10; (ii) feeding a bottom fraction from K10 to a second distillation column K20 in which water and organic products are separated off at the top at a temperature at the top in the range from 45 to 198° C. and a pressure in the range from 0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2007
    Publication date: April 8, 2010
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Helmut Schmidtke, Oliver Bussmann, Ralph Versch, Udo Rheude, Uwe Leyk, Manfred Julius, Martin Rudloff, Erhard Henkes
  • Patent number: 7670464
    Abstract: Process for distillatively separating a mixture containing a vinyl ether of the general formula (I) R1—O—CH?CH2??(I) and alcohol of the general formula (II) R2—OH??(II) in which R1 and R2 are each independently a saturated or unsaturated, aliphatic or cycloaliphatic radical having from 2 to 10 carbon atoms, and in which the alcohol (II) has a boiling point which is at least 1° C. higher, measured at or extrapolated to 0.1 MPa abs, than the vinyl ether (I), by a) passing the mixture into a first distillation column and withdrawing, as a top product, an azeotrope containing vinyl ether (I) and alcohol (II) and, as a bottom product, a stream enriched with the alcohol (II); b) passing the azeotrope containing vinyl ether (I) and alcohol (II) from the first distillation column into a second distillation column which is operated at a pressure which is from 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2010
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Katrin Klass, Heike Becker, Regina Vogelsang, Alexander Hauk, Markus Siegert, Jochem Henkelmann
  • Patent number: 7553397
    Abstract: A process is described for the recovery of substantially pure ethyl acetate from a feedstock including ethyl acetate, ethanol and water. The process includes supplying the feedstock to a first distillation zone maintained under first distillation conditions effective for distilling from the feedstock a first distillate including ethyl acetate, ethanol, and less than about 10 mol % water. The first distillate is recovered from the first distillation zone and is supplied to a second distillation zone maintained under second distillation conditions, which include use of a higher pressure than that of the first distillation zone. The second distillation conditions are effective for distilling from the first distillate a second distillate including ethanol, water, and a minor proportion of ethyl acetate and yielding a substantially pure ethyl acetate bottom product, which is recovered. The second distillate is returned to the first distillation zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2009
    Assignee: Davy Process Technology Limited
    Inventors: Stephen William Colley, Christopher Richard Fawcett, Mohammad Sharif, Michael William Marshall Tuck, David John Watson, Michael Anthony Wood
  • Publication number: 20090114523
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for treating vapours and condensates which arise during the production of polycondensates from bisphenols or high-value phenols by esterification and/or transesterification with alkyl or aryl esters of at least bivalent organic or inorganic acids. According to the invention, the treatment is carried out in a plurality of condensates and/or distillation columns which are connected in a step-by-step manner behind each other, each distillation column comprising a connected condensate. The dew point and the pressure in each condensate are adjusted such that in each step, monomers, oligomers or decomposition and transformation products are removed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2006
    Publication date: May 7, 2009
    Inventors: Rudolf Kampf, Andreas Karpf, Rainer Linke, Oliver Schmidt, Gerhard Scholz
  • Patent number: 7501047
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to a process for purifying crude caprolactam. The process involves converting a first mixture of 6-amino capronitrile and water to a second mixture of caprolactam ammonia, water, high boilers and low boilers using a catalyst. The ammonia is removed from the second mixture to obtain a third mixture. Water is removed from the third mixture to give crude caprolactam, high boiler and low boilers. Purified caprolactam is then obtained by a series of distillation steps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2009
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Hermann Luyken, Andreas Ansmann, Christoph Benisch, Peter Baβler, Rolf-Hartmuth Fischer, Stefan Maixner, Johann-Peter Melder
  • Patent number: 7468119
    Abstract: The invention relates to the field of separation by distillation of 6-aminocapronitrile (ACN) and hexamethylenediamine (HMD) from a mixture containing ACN, HMD, tetrahydrozaepine (THA), adiponitrile (ADN) and low boilers (LB). A method for producing a distillate stream comprising HMD is disclosed, which is suitable for the production of Nylon-6,6. The tails stream from the distillation of the mixture can be further distilled to produce a distillate containing ACN and THA, which is particularly suitable for use in the production of caprolactam and Nylon-6 from the caprolactam. Process conditions of the method of the invention disfavor the production of 2-cyanocyclopentylideneirnine (CPI).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2008
    Assignee: Invista North America S.A.R.L.
    Inventor: John Joseph Ostermaier
  • Publication number: 20080217158
    Abstract: Process for recovering cyclododecatriene (CDT) from a solution comprising CDT and high boilers such as deactivated catalyst and polymers, which comprises feeding the solution into a preheater and heating it, subsequently depressurizing it through a downstream pressure maintenance device and feeding the resulting two-phase mixture into a helical tube evaporator and there reducing the CDT content of the liquid phase by partial evaporation and discharging a gaseous product stream having an increased concentration of CDT.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 30, 2006
    Publication date: September 11, 2008
    Applicant: BASF Aktiengesellschaf
    Inventors: Bernd Rumpf, Ortmund Lang, Andrea Haunert, Thomas Genger, Anton Meier
  • Publication number: 20080173531
    Abstract: A method and apparatus is provided for distilling and processing chemicals. The apparatus is particularly suited for processing and distilling difficult to distill compounds, and is capable of producing diesel fuel and other products from used oil at a quality level similar to that of products produced from virgin crude oil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 13, 2007
    Publication date: July 24, 2008
    Inventor: Michael L. Kesler
  • Patent number: 7241928
    Abstract: A liquid phase process is disclosed for producing halogenated alkane adducts of the formula CAR1R2CBR3R4 (where A, B, R1, R2, R3, and R4 are as defined in the specification) which involves contacting a corresponding halogenated alkane, AB, with a corresponding olefin, CR1R2?CR3R4 in a dinitrile or cyclic carbonate ester solvent which divides the reaction mixture into two liquid phases and in the presence of a catalyst system containing (i) at least one catalyst selected from monovalent and divalent copper; and optionally (ii) a promoter selected from aromatic or aliphatic heterocyclic compounds which contain at least one carbon-nitrogen double bond in the heterocyclic ring. When hydrochlorofluorocarbons are formed, the chlorine content may be reduced by reacting the hydrochlorofluorocarbons with HF. New compounds disclosed include CF3CF2CCl2CH2CCl3, CF3CCl2CH2CH2Cl and CF3CCl2CH2CHClF. These compounds are useful as intermediates for producing hydrofluorocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2007
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Velliyur N.Mallikarjuna Rao, Allen Capron Sievert
  • Patent number: 7147757
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for separating by distillation a portion or the entirety of an azeptine derivative (III), which is selected from the group consisting of aminohexylidene imine, tetrahydroazepine, hexylhexahydroazepine and of aminohexylhexahydroazepine, out of a mixture (II) containing an azepine derivative (III) and an amine (I). The inventive method is characterized in that the distillation is carried out with a maximum bottom temperature of 150° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2006
    Assignee: Basf Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Hermann Luyken, Frank Ohlbach
  • Patent number: 7128813
    Abstract: A process for the high yield production of high purity glacial methacrylic acid (“HPMAA”) with minimization of decomposition of hydroxy isobutyric acid (HIBA). The HPMAA is substantially pure, specifically 99% pure or greater with a water content of 0.05% or less. This improved process involves the steps of providing a crude MAA stream which was formed by hydrolyzing acetone cyanohydrin and, therefore, includes HIBA which is an intermediate product of the hydrolysis reaction, and purifying that crude methacrylic acid stream in a series of successive distillation steps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2006
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Company
    Inventors: Keith Frederick Briegel, James Clarence Day, Michael Stanley DeCourcy, Donald Alan Ebert, Jamie Jerrick John Juliette
  • Patent number: 7128814
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for separating 2-butanol from tert-butanol/water by adding of tert-butanol such that the water concentration lowers to less than the limit concentration of the distillation boundary line connecting the two azeotropes TBA/water and SBA/water and is subsequently worked up by distillation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2006
    Assignee: OXENO Olefinchemie GmbH
    Inventors: Andreas Beckmann, Dieter Reusch