Distillation Of Initial Distillate Patents (Class 203/74)
  • Patent number: 10336690
    Abstract: Methods for purifying an acetonitrile waste stream are provided. An exemplary method for purifying an acetonitrile waste stream includes generating an acetonitrile waste stream during oligonucleotide synthesis and fractionating the acetonitrile waste stream to produce a single overhead fraction. The method includes condensing the single overhead fraction to produce a condensed single overhead fraction and contacting the condensed single overhead fraction with an adsorbent material to produce an acetonitrile stream that comprises an amount of an impurity that is reduced relative to the acetonitrile waste stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Gregory J. Gajda, Mark G. Riley, Venkatraman Mohan, Sandra M. Lorenz, Alan P. Cohen
  • Patent number: 8933277
    Abstract: A process is provided for recovering components from a low boiler mixture which is obtained in the distillation of hydrogenation effluents from the preparation of polymethylols, by multistage distillation of the low boiler mixture having a tertiary amine, water, methanol, a polymethylol, a methylolalkanal, an alcohol and an alkanal with a methylene group in the alpha position to the carbonyl group. A first distillation stage involves separating the low boiler mixture into a higher-boiling, predominantly water-rich fraction and into a lower-boiling aqueous organic fraction having the tertiary amine. A second distillation stage involves separating the aqueous organic fraction from the first distillation stage into a predominantly amine-containing fraction and a further amine-depleted fraction. The tertiary amine is trimethylamine or triethylamine and the bottom temperature in the second distillation stage is at least 110° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Stephan Schlitter, Michael Steiniger, Stefan Rittinger, Tilman Sirch, Steffen Maas
  • Patent number: 8916740
    Abstract: An aromatics complex producing one or more xylene isomers offers a large number of opportunities to conserve energy by heat exchange within the complex. One previously unrecognized opportunity is through providing two parallel distillation columns operating at different pressures to separate C8 aromatics from C9+ aromatics. The parallel columns offer additional opportunities to conserve energy within the complex.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory R. Werba, Jason T. Corradi, David W. Ablin
  • Publication number: 20140183031
    Abstract: A process is proposed for the treatment of a recycling stream (1) from a plant for the production of polyarylene ether sulfones via polycondensation of aromatic bishalogen compounds and of aromatic bisphenols or their salts in the presence of at least one alkali metal carbonate or ammonium carbonate or alkali metal hydrogencarbonate or ammonium hydrogencarbonate in an N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone as solvent, comprising from 60 to 90% by weight of water, from 10 to 40% by weight of the N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone and, as contaminant detrimental to specification, up to 5000 ppm by weight of the N-alkylsuccinimide corresponding to the N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone and, alongside this, up to 1000 ppm by weight of other substances with higher boiling point than the N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone, in particular inorganic salts, based in each case on the total weight of the recycling stream (1), where the entirety of the components gives 100% by weight, giving a pure N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone stream (2) which can be returned to the plant for the p
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 26, 2013
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Christoph Sigwart, Cornelies Hendricus De Ruiter, Jörg Erbes, Gerhard Lange, Tobias Kortekamp
  • Publication number: 20140183032
    Abstract: A process is proposed for the treatment of a recycling stream (1) from a plant for the production of polyarylene ether sulfones via polycondensation of aromatic bishalogen compounds and of aromatic bisphenols or their salts in the presence of at least one alkali metal carbonate or ammonium carbonate or alkali metal hydrogencarbonate or ammonium hydrogencarbonate in an N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone as solvent, comprising from 60 to 90% by weight of water, from 10 to 40% by weight of N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone and, as contaminant detrimental to specification, up to 5000 ppm by weight of the alkylsuccinimide corresponding to the N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone and, alongside this, up to 1000 ppm by weight of other substances with higher boiling point than N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone, in particular inorganic salts, based in each case on the total weight of the recycling stream (1), where the entirety of the components gives 100% by weight, giving a pure N-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone stream (2) which can be returned to the plant for the productio
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 26, 2013
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Christoph Sigwart, Cornelis Hendricus De Ruiter, Jutta Vonend, Jörg Erbes
  • Patent number: 8754281
    Abstract: An aromatics complex producing one or more xylene isomers offers a large number of opportunities to conserve energy by heat exchange within the complex. One previously unrecognized opportunity is through providing two parallel distillation columns operating at different pressures to separate C8 aromatics from C9+ aromatics. The parallel columns offer additional opportunities to conserve energy within the complex through heat exchange in associated xylene recovery facilities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory R. Werba, Jason T. Corradi, Zin X. Zhu, David W. Ablin, Saadet Ulas Acikgoz
  • Patent number: 8691055
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to processes and systems for purifying technical grade trichlorosilane and/or technical grade silicon tetrachloride into electronic grade trichlorosilane and/or electronic grade silicon tetrachloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: MEMC Electronic Materials SpA
    Inventor: Gianfranco Ghetti
  • Patent number: 8551296
    Abstract: Ultra high purity hexachlorodisilane is prepared from hexachlorodisilane-containing mixtures from numerous sources by distillation wherein water is present at less than 10 ppbw.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Wacker Chemie AG
    Inventors: Wolfgang Knies, Karin Boegershausen, Hans Eiblmeier
  • Patent number: 8545702
    Abstract: Process and steps for the production of biodiesel and/or glycerin from feedstock are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Menlo Energy Management, LLC
    Inventors: Gaurav Shah, Sunil Suri
  • Patent number: 8545703
    Abstract: Process and steps for the production of biodiesel and/or glycerin from feedstock are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Menlo Energy Management, LLC
    Inventors: Gaurav Shah, Sunil Suri
  • Patent number: 8540881
    Abstract: Process and steps for the production of biodiesel and/or glycerin from feedstock are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Menlo Energy Management, LLC
    Inventors: Gaurav Shah, Sunil Suri
  • Patent number: 8540880
    Abstract: Process and steps for the production of biodiesel and/or glycerin from feedstock are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Menlo Energy Management, LLC
    Inventors: Gaurav Shah, Sunil Suri
  • Patent number: 8535488
    Abstract: There is provided a method for a purification of trichlorosilane, the method including: performing a pretreatment for separating a chlorosilane mixture from reaction products of a trichlorosilane production reaction; performing a first purification for separating the chlorosilane mixture into a first top stream and a first bottom stream; performing a second purification for separating the first top stream into a second top stream and a second bottom stream; and performing a third purification for separating the second bottom stream into a third top stream and a third bottom stream, wherein the performing of the third purification is carried out under pressure conditions higher than those of the performing of the second purification, and a heat exchange is generated between the second bottom stream and the third top stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Chul-Hwan Choi, Jeong-Seok Lee, Kwang-Wook Choi, Joon-Ho Shin, Dong-Kyu Kim
  • Patent number: 8530679
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for handling ?9-THC, which comprises preparing a solution of ?9-THC in a solvent which exists as a gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. The invention also provides solutions of ?9-THC in the solvent and solid preparations of ?9-THC.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Resolution Chemicals Limited
    Inventors: Parveen Bhatarah, Alan Kenneth Greenwood, Derek McHattie, Jerome Thomas Garfield Carr-Brion
  • Patent number: 8372993
    Abstract: A process for removing trioxane from a use stream I of formaldehyde, trioxane and water, by a) providing a use stream I which comprises formaldehyde as the main component and trioxane and water as the secondary components, b) feeding the use stream I, a recycle stream V and a recycle stream VII which comprises formaldehyde as the main component and water and trioxane as the secondary components into a first distillation stage and distilling to obtain a stream II a steam III and formaldehyde as the and a steam X c) distilling the stream III, in a second distillation stage the pressure in the second distillation stage being from 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Neven Lang, Joachim Thiel, Eckhard Stroefer, Julia Kirschbaum, Markus Siegert
  • Patent number: 8350063
    Abstract: A process for separating trioxane from a feed stream I comprising formaldehyde, trioxane and water, in which a) a feed stream I comprising formaldehyde as main component and trioxane and water as secondary components is provided, b) the feed stream I, a recycle stream V and a recycle stream VII comprising formaldehyde as main component and water and trioxane as secondary components are fed into a first distillation stage and distilled at a pressure of from 0.1 to 2.5 bar to give a stream II comprising formaldehyde as main component and water as secondary component and a stream III comprising trioxane as main component and water and formaldehyde as secondary components and a stream X comprising water, trioxane and formaldehyde, c) the stream III is, if appropriate after removal of low boilers from the stream III in a low boiler removal stage, distilled in a second distillation stage at a pressure of from 0.2 to 17.5 bar, with the pressure in the second distillation stage being from 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Markus Siegert, Neven Lang, Laszlo Szarvas, Christoph Sigwart, Franz Niklaus Windlin, Eckhard Stroefer
  • Patent number: 8282792
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to processes and systems for purifying technical grade trichlorosilane and/or technical grade silicon tetrachloride into electronic grade trichlorosilane and/or electronic grade silicon tetrachloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2012
    Assignee: MEMC Electronic Materials S.p.A.
    Inventor: Gianfranco Ghetti
  • Publication number: 20120241309
    Abstract: A closed loop process for recovering purified processing fluid from contaminated processing fluid. The contaminated processing fluid is subjected to a first separation step, and there is recovered a first stream comprising the bulk of the processing fluid substantially free of contaminants, and a second stream containing processing fluid with concentrated levels of contaminants. The second stream is subjected to a second separation zone to produce a third stream comprising purified processing fluid and a fourth stream comprising contaminants.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2010
    Publication date: September 27, 2012
    Inventor: Michael G. Millard
  • Patent number: 8246791
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for separating draw solution solutes and product solvent from a draw solution using a plurality of distillation columns is disclosed. In one embodiment, the draw solution is used in a Forward Osmosis (FO) water desalination process. In this embodiment, the draw solution is directed to the plurality of distillation columns in parallel while the energy stream (heat) is directed to the plurality of distillation columns in series such that the efficiency of heat use is improved and in turn the cost of the heat is reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2012
    Assignee: Yale University
    Inventors: Robert L. McGinnis, Menachem Elimelech
  • Publication number: 20120193214
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for purifying chlorosilanes by distillation, which includes providing a boron-containing mixture of chlorosilanes containing TCS, DCS and STC and purifying the mixture of chlorosilanes by distillation in a plurality of distillation columns, wherein low-boiling boron compounds are branched off from the distillation columns by means of overhead streams containing boron-enriched DCS and high-boiling boron compounds are branched off by means of a boron-enriched bottom stream containing high boilers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 26, 2012
    Publication date: August 2, 2012
    Applicant: WACKER CHEMIE AG
    Inventors: Uwe PAETZOLD, Walter HAECKL, Jan PROCHASKA
  • Publication number: 20120157695
    Abstract: Crude fluoroethylene carbonate obtained by the fluorination of ethylene carbonate and elemental fluorine containing not more than 5% by weight of HF is purified by at least two subsequent distillation steps. The bulk of HF can be removed, if desired, in a preliminary HF removal step, e.g., by stripping, before performing the distillation. Further, if desired, a second HF removal step can be performed by contacting the crude mixture or the distillate obtained after the first distillation step with an adsorbent for HF, e.g., silica gel. The distillation can be performed batch wise. It is preferred to perform the distillation continuously. It yields purified fluoroethylene carbonate with an HF content of equal to or less than 30 ppm. The purified fluoroethylene carbonate can be applied as solvent additive for lithium ion batteries.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 17, 2010
    Publication date: June 21, 2012
    Applicant: SOLVAY FLUOR GMBH
    Inventors: Alain Lambert, Christoph Sommer, Harald Krueger, Jens Olschimke
  • Patent number: 8192589
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and a device for the purification of an aqueous solution of an organic acid having a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of less than 450° C., which further has approximately 275 g carboxylate ions/l or less, preferably 250 g carboxylate ions/l or less, and preferably less than 1% by weight ionic impurities, calculated on the basis of the total solution. In particular, the invention relates to a method and a device for the continuous purification and concentration, on an industrial scale, of an aqueous solution of an organic acid having a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of less than 450° C. According to the method, this solution is subjected to two or more distillation steps, the first distillation step being carried out at a temperature of from 80° to 150° C. and a pressure of from 50 to 250 mbar, and the second distillation step being carried out at a temperature of from 80° to 200° C. and a pressure of from 0.01 to 50 mbar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Purac Biochem B.V.
    Inventors: Hendrik Martinus Winkelaar, Jan Van Breugel, Margarita Camprubi Vilá, José Maria Vidal Lancis
  • Publication number: 20120116140
    Abstract: The invention is a method for processing a mixture containing water, 3-methyl-1-butene and at least one other methylbutene. The method comprises primary distillation of the mixture, giving a gaseous primary overhead product containing methylbutene and water and a water-free primary bottom product containing 3-methyl-1-butene; condensation of the gaseous primary overhead product so as to give a condensate comprising a liquid aqueous phase and a liquid organic phase; separation of the condensate into a liquid aqueous phase and a liquid organic phase; discharge of the liquid aqueous phase; recirculation of the organic phase to the primary distillation; and finally secondary distillation of the water-free primary bottom product from the primary distillation so as to give a secondary overhead product comprising 3-methyl-1-butene and a secondary bottom product. The secondary overhead product obtained has a purity which enables it to be used directly as monomer or comonomer for preparing polymers or copolymers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2010
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Applicant: EVONIK OXENO GMBH
    Inventors: Markus Winterberg, Alfred Kaizik, Armin Rix, Michael Grass, Wilfried Bueschken, Marc Becker
  • Publication number: 20120080304
    Abstract: Processes and systems for purifying silane-containing streams are disclosed with relatively less silane being lost in impurity streams by use of distillation and/or condensation operations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2010
    Publication date: April 5, 2012
    Applicant: MEMC ELECTRONIC MATERIALS, INC.
    Inventors: Zhihui Gu, Timothy D. Truong, Puneet Gupta
  • Publication number: 20120010440
    Abstract: A crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid comprises ethanol and ethyl acetate. Using a distillation column operated at a pressure of from 0.1 to 100 kPa, the ethyl acetate and ethanol may be effectively separated. In addition, maintaining the amount of water that is fed to the distillation column to an amount less than 10 wt. %, based on the weight of all components fed to the distillation column, provides an energy benefit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 26, 2011
    Publication date: January 12, 2012
    Applicant: CELANESE INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Lincoln Sarager, R. Jay Warner, Trinity Horton, David Lee, Victor J. Johnston, Manuel Salado
  • Publication number: 20110278151
    Abstract: A method for recovering base oil from waste lubricating oil by separating base oil range constituents from a waste lubricating oil mixture, thereafter separating higher quality base oil constituents and lower quality base oil constituents from the base oil recovered from the waste lubricating oil mixture and thereafter treating the lower quality base oil constituents to produce marketable base oil. The total base oil produced from a waste lubricating oil mixture by this process is greater than the quantity producible by previous processes using only base oil separation from the waste lubricating oil mixture or processes which use only treatment of the base oil recovered from the waste lubricating oil mixture to produce the product base oil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2011
    Publication date: November 17, 2011
    Inventor: Martin R. MacDonald
  • Patent number: 8002953
    Abstract: An energy-efficient extractive distillation process for producing anhydrous ethanol from aqueous/ethanol feeds containing any range of ethanol employs an extractive distillation column (EDC) that operates under no or greatly reduced liquid reflux conditions. The EDC can be incorporated into an integrated process for producing anhydrous ethanol used for gasoline blending from fermentation broth. By using a high-boiling extractive distillation solvent, no solvent is entrained by the vapor phase to the EDC overhead stream, even under no liquid reflux conditions. The energy requirement and severity of the EDC can be further improved by limiting ethanol recovery in the EDC. In this partial ethanol recovery design, ethanol which remains in the aqueous stream from the EDC is recovered in a post-distillation column or the aqueous stream is recycled to a front-end pre-distillation column where the ethanol is readily recovered since the VLE curve for ethanol/water is extremely favorable for distillation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignees: AMT International Inc., CPC Corporation, Taiwan
    Inventors: Fu-Ming Lee, Kuang-Yeu Wu, Lindsey Vuong, Fong-Cheng Su, Tzong-Bin Lin, Jyh-Haur Hwang, Hung-Chung Shen, Po-Sung Cheng, Tai-Ping Chang
  • Patent number: 7879198
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to processes and systems for purifying technical grade trichlorosilane and/or technical grade silicon tetrachloride into electronic grade trichlorosilane and/or electronic grade silicon tetrachloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: MEMC Electronic Materials, Inc.
    Inventor: Gianfranco Ghetti
  • Patent number: 7744727
    Abstract: A method for distilling ethanol from a mash includes feeding a fluid to a first distillation column. The fluid and a distillate of the first distillation column are delivered to a second distillation column. The fed fluid and/or distillate of the second distillation column is/are purified in a first and/or last step of the method by a membrane separation process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2010
    Assignees: 2S-Sophisticated Systems Limited, Buss-SMS-Canzler GmbH
    Inventors: Stephan Rüdiger Blum, Bernhard Kaiser
  • Patent number: 7713387
    Abstract: A process for removing trioxane from a use stream I of formaldehyde, trioxane and water, by a) providing a use stream I of formaldehyde as the main component and trioxane and water as the secondary components, b) mixing the use stream I with a recycle stream VII to obtain a feed stream Ia, c) distilling the use stream Ia in a first distillation stage to obtain a stream II of formaldehyde as the main component and water as the secondary component, and a stream III of trioxane as the main component and water and formaldehyde as the secondary components, d) distilling the stream III in a second distillation stage having a pressure higher than in the first distillation stage, to obtain a stream IV of trioxane and a stream V of trioxane as the main component and water and formaldehyde as the secondary components, e) distilling the stream V in a third distillation stage to obtain a stream VI of water and the recycle stream VII of trioxane as the main component and water and formaldehyde as the secondary components
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2010
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Markus Siegert, Neven Lang, Eckhard Ströfer, Achim Stammer, Thorsten Friese, Hans Hasse
  • Patent number: 7695595
    Abstract: Process for the production of a hydrofluoroalkane, according to which hydrofluoroalkane comprising organic impurities is subjected to at least two distillations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2010
    Assignee: Solvay S.A.
    Inventors: Dominique Balthasart, Charles-Marie Anciaux, Yves Mahaut, Roland Klug
  • Publication number: 20100084257
    Abstract: Processes for the continuous fractional distillation of a mixture comprising morpholine (MO), monoaminodiglycol (ADG), ammonia and water from a reaction of diethylene glycol (DEG) with ammonia, the process comprising: (i) separating off ammonia from the mixture at a top of a first distillation column K10; (ii) feeding a bottom fraction from K10 to a second distillation column K20 in which water and organic products are separated off at the top at a temperature at the top in the range from 45 to 198° C. and a pressure in the range from 0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2007
    Publication date: April 8, 2010
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Helmut Schmidtke, Oliver Bussmann, Ralph Versch, Udo Rheude, Uwe Leyk, Manfred Julius, Martin Rudloff, Erhard Henkes
  • Patent number: 7592468
    Abstract: ?9 THC acid is obtained from plant material and extracted into an aqueous solvent under conditions of pH control. The acid is converted to a salt and the salt extracted into a polar solvent, yielding acid of high purity. The ?9 THC acid is then converted to ?9 THC which is further purified and combined with a carrier for pharmaceutical use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2009
    Assignee: Resolution Chemicals Limited
    Inventors: Neil J Goodwin, Nicolas J. Archer, Christopher Murray, Alan K. Greenwood, Derek Mchattie
  • Patent number: 7481908
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a system and a process for obtaining phenanthrene of about 95% purity from coal tar distilled fraction containing crude phenanthrene by performing fractional distillation at a reduced pressure of 50 mm mercury and at a temperature range of 160-180° C. to obtain first distilled fraction containing acenaphthene and fluorene; a second distillate fraction at a temperature range of 200-230° C. containing phenanthrene, anthracene and traces of carbazole; followed by re-distilling the second distillate fraction at a temperature range of 210-224° C. to finally obtain pure phenanthrene and a residue which is again used for the recovery of residual phenanthrene by re-distillation at a temperature range of 210-224° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2009
    Assignee: Council of Scientific & Industrial Research
    Inventors: Kaushal Kishore Tiwari, Sukuru Ramakrishna Rao, Sanjay Kumar Thakur, Somnath Banerji
  • Patent number: 7339088
    Abstract: Improved processes and apparatus use a finishing column with a mid-cut that provides alkylbenzene products of high purity containing less than about 1 ppmw benzene and less than about 50 ppmw heavies while accommodating enhancements in the efficiencies and the capacities of the distillation train to recover alkylbenzene from alkylation reaction product and while enabling the use of catalytic treatments to reduce olefinic-component content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2008
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Dennis E. O'Brien, Douglas G. Stewart, Bipin V. Vora
  • Patent number: 7311813
    Abstract: This invention is an improved distillation sequence for the separation and purification of ethylene from a cracked gas. A hydrocarbon feed enters a C2 distributor column. The top of the C2 distributor column is thermally coupled to an ethylene distributor column, and the bottoms liquid of a C2 distributor column feeds a deethanizer column. The C2 distributor column utilizes a conventional reboiler. The top of the ethylene distributor is thermally coupled with a demethanizer column, and the bottoms liquid of the ethylene distributor feeds a C2 splitter column. The ethylene distributor column utilizes a conventional reboiler. The deethanizer and C2 splitter columns are also thermally coupled and operated at a substantially lower pressure than the C2 distributor column, the ethylene distributor column, and the demethanizer column. Alternatively, a hydrocarbon feed enters a deethanizer column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2007
    Assignee: Ineos USA LLC
    Inventors: Rian Reyneke, Michael Foral, Christos G. Papadopoulos, Jeffrey S. Logsdon, Wayne W. Y. Eng, Guang-Chung Lee, Ian Sinclair
  • Patent number: 7241928
    Abstract: A liquid phase process is disclosed for producing halogenated alkane adducts of the formula CAR1R2CBR3R4 (where A, B, R1, R2, R3, and R4 are as defined in the specification) which involves contacting a corresponding halogenated alkane, AB, with a corresponding olefin, CR1R2?CR3R4 in a dinitrile or cyclic carbonate ester solvent which divides the reaction mixture into two liquid phases and in the presence of a catalyst system containing (i) at least one catalyst selected from monovalent and divalent copper; and optionally (ii) a promoter selected from aromatic or aliphatic heterocyclic compounds which contain at least one carbon-nitrogen double bond in the heterocyclic ring. When hydrochlorofluorocarbons are formed, the chlorine content may be reduced by reacting the hydrochlorofluorocarbons with HF. New compounds disclosed include CF3CF2CCl2CH2CCl3, CF3CCl2CH2CH2Cl and CF3CCl2CH2CHClF. These compounds are useful as intermediates for producing hydrofluorocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2007
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Velliyur N.Mallikarjuna Rao, Allen Capron Sievert
  • Patent number: 7238260
    Abstract: N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-pyrrolidone (HEP) is purified by a distillation sequence in which the purified HEP is recovered as a side stream without being separated as an overhead at any point in the procedure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2007
    Assignee: Lyondell Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Andrew P. Kahn, David W. Leyshon, Shaw-Chan Lin, Edward P. Carey
  • Patent number: 7128813
    Abstract: A process for the high yield production of high purity glacial methacrylic acid (“HPMAA”) with minimization of decomposition of hydroxy isobutyric acid (HIBA). The HPMAA is substantially pure, specifically 99% pure or greater with a water content of 0.05% or less. This improved process involves the steps of providing a crude MAA stream which was formed by hydrolyzing acetone cyanohydrin and, therefore, includes HIBA which is an intermediate product of the hydrolysis reaction, and purifying that crude methacrylic acid stream in a series of successive distillation steps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2006
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Company
    Inventors: Keith Frederick Briegel, James Clarence Day, Michael Stanley DeCourcy, Donald Alan Ebert, Jamie Jerrick John Juliette
  • Patent number: 7074434
    Abstract: Process for the separation of a mixture comprising at least one hydrofluoroalkane and hydrogen fluoride, according to which a hydrofluoroalkane/hydrogen fluoride mixture is reacted with at least one chlorinated or chlorofluorinated precursor of the hydrofluoroalkane. Process for the preparation of a hydrofluoroalkane comprising such a separation, in combination with a catalytic reaction stage. Azeotropic compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2006
    Assignee: Solvay (Societe Anonyme)
    Inventors: Alain Lambert, Vincent Wilmet
  • Patent number: 6887352
    Abstract: A method for recovering hexamethylene diamine (HMD) from a mixture comprising HMD, 6-aminocapronitrile (ACN) tetrahydroazepine (THA), and adiponitrile (ADN) is disclosed. The method includes introducing the mixture into a first distillation column, separating as a group the HMD, ACN and at least a portion of the THA as distillate from the ADN. The first distillation column is operated at a temperature and pressure to minimize isomerization of the ADN into 2-cyanocyclopentylideneimine(CPI). The distillate of the first distillation column is introduced into a subsequent distillation column and the HMD is separated from the ACN and THA.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2005
    Assignee: Invista North America S.A.R.L.
    Inventor: John J. Ostermaier
  • Patent number: 6863780
    Abstract: There is provided an azeotropic mixture having 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane and hydrogen fluoride. Further, there is provided a process of separating/purifying R-245fa and/or HF from a mixture of R-245fa and HF wherein the mixture of 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane and hydrogen fluoride is subjected to a distillation step so that a distillate is obtained which has the azeotropic mixture of 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane and hydrogen fluoride, and a bottom product is obtained which has separated/purified 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane or hydrogen fluoride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2005
    Inventors: Tatsuo Nakada, Noriaki Shibata, Takashi Shibanuma
  • Patent number: 6849163
    Abstract: There is provided a process for recovering tetrafluoroethylene wherein an amount of energy required to obtain TFE is reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2005
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shigeyuki Yoshii, Yukio Homoto
  • Patent number: 6838104
    Abstract: This invention relates to processes for the production of tocotrienol compounds from biological sources such as palm oil, cereals, grains, and grain oils. The tocotrienol products are recovered in high yields. These tocotrienols are useful as pharmaceuticals, in foodstuffs and as dietary supplements. These compositions are hypocholesterolemic, antioxidizing, antithrombotic, antiatherogenic, antiinflammatory and immunoregulatory in nature. Tocotrienols are known to lower the levels of low density lipoproteins in the bloodstream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2005
    Assignee: Archer Daniels Midland Company
    Inventor: Lewis Jacobs
  • Publication number: 20040211657
    Abstract: A method of purifying 2,6-dimethylphenol to remove the odorous impurities includes distilling a crude mixture to yield a first light fraction enriched in 2,6-dimethylphenol, and a first heavy fraction enriched in 2,4,6-trimethylanisole, and distilling the first light fraction to yield a second light fraction, and a second heavy fraction enriched in 2,6-dimethylphenol. The concentration of 2,4,6-trimethylanisole in the second heavy fraction is less than 50% of the concentration of 2,4,6-trimethylanisole in the mixture. The purified 2,6-dimethylphenol is useful for preparing low-odor poly(arylene ether) resins.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2003
    Publication date: October 28, 2004
    Inventor: Hugo Gerard Eduard Ingelbrecht
  • Publication number: 20040182690
    Abstract: A method for recovering hexamethylene diamine (HMD) from a mixture comprising HMD, 6-aminocapronitrile (ACN) tetrahydroazepine (THA), and ADN comprising:
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2003
    Publication date: September 23, 2004
    Inventor: John J. Ostermaier
  • Publication number: 20040182691
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for separating secondary butanol (also referred to as 2-butanol or SBA below) from tert-butanol/water mixtures which are obtained in the dissociation of tert-butanol (TBA), in particular tert-butanol prepared from industrial C4-hydrocarbon mixtures, into isobutene and water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 3, 2004
    Publication date: September 23, 2004
    Applicant: OXENO OLEFINCHEMIE GMBH
    Inventors: Andreas Beckmann, Dieter Reusch
  • Patent number: 6794470
    Abstract: A tetrafluoroethylene polymer is produced by polymerizing tetrafluoroethylene in the presence of an aqueous medium and a polymerization initiator, wherein the content of impurities (e.g. a saturated compound such as CH2F2 or CHF3 and an unsaturated compound such as CF2═CFH, CF2═CH2, CF2═CFCl or CF2═CHCl) in the tetrafluoroethylene is not more than 100 ppm. By this method, PTFE which is uniform and stretchable at a high stretch ratio and which is excellent in the fibrillation property and has a high break strength, can be obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2004
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Shigeki Kobayashi, Jun Hoshikawa, Kazuo Kato, Hiroki Kamiya, Hiroyuki Hirai
  • Patent number: 6726811
    Abstract: A method for obtaining high purity N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-pyrrolidone satisfactory for use as an intermediate material for N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone from a reaction liquid formed of a reaction between y-butyrolactone and 2-aminoethanol, i.e., a liquid containing N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-pyrrolidone, compounds having boiling points lower than that of N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-pyrrolidone and compounds having boiling points higher than that of N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-pyrrolidone. The method is characterized by distilling said reaction liquid using a distillation column, whereby obtaining a liquid containing the compounds having the lower boiling points than that of N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-pyrrolidone and N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-pyrrolidone as a distillate liquid from the column top and a liquid containing compounds having boiling points higher than that of N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-pyrrolidone as a bottom liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2004
    Assignee: Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shukichi Ugamura, Hideto Sugiura, Hitoshi Yano
  • Patent number: 6706898
    Abstract: The invention relates to method for separating tocopherol from a first tocopherol admixture by heating the first tocopherol admixture composed of at least one tocopherol, a fatty acid, and an esterifying compound to esterify the fatty acid to produce a second tocopherol admixture composed of the tocopherol, the esterified fatty acid, and the unesterified fatty acid; distilling the second tocopherol admixture with the esterified fatty acid to remove the unesterified fatty acid from the second tocopherol admixture to produce a third tocopherol admixture composed of the tocopherol, with substantially removed unesterified fatty acid; distilling the third tocopherol admixture for a sufficient time and temperature to substantially remove the tocopherol from the third tocopherol admixture to produce a fourth tocopherol admixture composed of the removed tocopherol and a non-tocol component; and extracting the tocopherol from the fourth tocopherol admixture with an extraction solvent composed of a polar, organic solve
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2004
    Assignee: Archer-Daniels-Midland Company
    Inventor: Charles E. Sumner, Jr.