Rare Earth Metal (i.e., Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Or Lu) Or Compound Containing Patents (Class 204/290.04)
  • Patent number: 10415146
    Abstract: Systems and methods for manufacturing and use of a two layer coated electrode are provided. The two layer coated electrode may comprise a substrate, a first coating layer, and a second coating layer. The first coating layer may comprise a mixture of iridium oxide and tin oxide, and the second coating layer may comprise a mixture of iridium oxide and tantalum oxide. The electrode may be used in, for example, an electrolytic cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: Evoqua Water Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Irina A. Ivanter, Julio W. Chang-Ng
  • Publication number: 20130153411
    Abstract: The negative electrode for aqueous solution electrolysis of the present invention includes a conductive substrate having a nickel surface, a mixture layer including metal nickel, a nickel oxide and carbon atoms, formed on the conductive substrate surface, and an electrode catalyst layer formed on the mixture layer surface, wherein the electrode catalyst layer is formed by a layer including a platinum group metal or a platinum group metal compound. The negative electrode for aqueous solution electrolysis of the present invention is preferably used in electrolysis of an aqueous solution of an alkali metal halide, and the like.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 17, 2011
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: CHLORINE ENGJNEERS CORP., LTD.
    Inventor: Sanae Ishimaru
  • Publication number: 20120241314
    Abstract: Provided are an electrolytic cathode structure that can suppress the degradation of an activated cathode even if a reverse current flows upon the stoppage of operation of an electrolyzer in an electrode structure allowing the distance between the electrode and an electrode current collector to be maintained at an approximately constant value, and an electrolyzer using the same. The electrolytic cathode structure includes a metal elastic cushion member 1 compressed and accommodated between an activated cathode 2 and a cathode current collector 3. At least a surface layer of the cathode current collector 3 consumes a larger oxidation current per unit area than the activated cathode. The electrolyzer is partitioned by an ion exchange membrane into an anode chamber for accommodating an anode and a cathode chamber for accommodating a cathode. The electrolytic cathode structure is used for the cathode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 5, 2011
    Publication date: September 27, 2012
    Inventors: Akihiro Madono, Mitsumasa Okamoto
  • Publication number: 20110300471
    Abstract: An electrode comprising a primary and secondary metal nanoparticle coating on a metallic substrate is prepared by dispersing nanoparticles in a solvent and layering them onto the substrate, followed by heating. The enhanced surface area of the electrode due to the catalytic nanoparticles is dramatically enhanced, allowing for increased reaction efficiency. The electrode can be used in one of many different applications; for example, as an electrode in an electrolysis device to generate hydrogen and oxygen, or a fuel cell.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 17, 2011
    Publication date: December 8, 2011
    Applicant: QUANTUMSPHERE, INC.
    Inventors: Kimberly McGrath, Robert Dopp, R. Douglas Carpenter
  • Publication number: 20090092887
    Abstract: An electrode comprising a primary and secondary metal nanoparticle coating on a metallic substrate is prepared by dispersing nanoparticles in a solvent and layering them onto the substrate, followed by heating. The enhanced surface area of the electrode due to the catalytic nanoparticles is dramatically enhanced, allowing for increased reaction efficiency. The electrode can be used in one of many different applications; for example, as an electrode in an electrolysis device to generate hydrogen and oxygen, or a fuel cell.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2007
    Publication date: April 9, 2009
    Applicant: QuantumSphere, Inc.
    Inventors: Kimberly McGrath, Robert Dopp, R. Douglas Carpenter
  • Patent number: 7255894
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a component, in particular an aluminium electrowinning anode, for use at elevated temperature in an oxidising and/or corrosive environment comprises: applying onto a metal-based substrate layers of a particle mixture containing iron oxide particles and particles of a reactant-oxide selected from titanium, yttrium, ytterbium and tantalum oxides; and heat treating the applied layers to consolidate by reactive sintering of the iron oxide particles and the reactant-oxide particles to turn the applied layer into a protective coating made of a substantially continuous reacted oxide matrix of one or more multiple oxides of iron and the metal from the reactant-oxide. The metal-based substrate comprises at its surface during the heat treatment an integral anchorage-oxide of at least one metal of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2007
    Assignee: Moltech Invent S.A.
    Inventors: Thinh T. Nguyen, Vittorio De Nora
  • Patent number: 6835489
    Abstract: A double layered oxygen electrode impregnated with an active catalyst material and method of making. The design of the oxygen electrode promotes oxygen dissociation and absorption within the oxygen electrode. The oxygen electrode has differing layers of hydrophobicity which allow chemical impregnation of the active catalyst material into the oxygen electrode where the active catalyst material is needed most.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2004
    Assignee: Texaco Ovonic Fuel Cell LLC
    Inventors: Srinivasan Venkatesan, Hong Wang, Boyko Aladjov, Subhash Dhar, Stanford R. Ovshinsky
  • Publication number: 20040144642
    Abstract: A cell for the electrowinning of aluminium comprises a horizontal carbon cathode bottom (11) having an aluminium-wettable surface coating (25) and a series of plates (21) made of aluminium-wettable reticulated porous material, typically foams, filled with aluminium and placed flat on the aluminium-wettable surface coating (25). During use, a thin bottom layer of aluminium (22) wets the aluminium-wettable surface coating (25) on top of the cathode bottom (11) and a bottom part of the porous aluminium-filled plates (21). A top layer of aluminium (23) is formed above the porous aluminium-filled plates (21). The cell may be operated with metal anodes (10) possibly protected with a cerium oxyfluoride coating when operated above about 910°-930° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 1, 2004
    Publication date: July 29, 2004
    Inventor: Vittorio De Nora
  • Patent number: 6379526
    Abstract: A non-carbon metal-based anode of a cell for the electrowinning of aluminium comprising an electrically conductive metal substrate resistant to high temperature, the surface of which becomes passive and substantially inert to the electrolyte, and a coating adherent to the metal substrate making the surface of the anode electrochemically active for the oxidation of oxygen ions present at the electrolyte interface. The substrate metal may be selected from nickel, cobalt, chromium, molybdenum, tantalum and the Lanthanide series. The active constituents of the coating are for example oxides such as spinels or perovskites, oxyfluorides, phosphides or carbides, in particular ferrites. The active constituents may be coated onto the substrate from a slurry or suspension containing colloidal material and the electrochemically active material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2002
    Assignee: Moltech Invent SA
    Inventors: Vittorio de Nora, Jean-Jacques Duruz
  • Patent number: 6365018
    Abstract: A non-carbon, metal-based, high temperature resistant, electrically conductive and electrochemically active anode of an aluminum production cell has a metal-based substrate having an adherent coating applied prior to its immersion into the electrolyte and start up of the electrolysis. The coating is obtainable from one or more layers applied from: a liquid solution, a dispersion or suspension in a liquid or a paste, a pasty or non-pasty slurry, and combinations thereof with or without one or more further applied layers, with or without heat treatment between two consecutively applied layers when at least two layers are applied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2002
    Assignee: Moltech Invent S.A.
    Inventor: Vittorio de Nora
  • Publication number: 20020003085
    Abstract: An electrochemical cell that receives an inlet stream of air and produces an outlet stream of a high oxygen concentration of gas. The cell is made up of a plurality of layers and preferably a porous electrolyte comprised of yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) that allows only oxygen ions to pass therethrough and which is covered on its sides with electrodes comprised of lanthanum strontium manganate (LSM) which in turn are coated with a layer of platinum to aid in the even distribution of the electrical current. An electrical current is passed through the electrodes to produce a voltage difference therebetween. The layers of YSZ and LSM are formed by a sol-gel process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 19, 2001
    Publication date: January 10, 2002
    Inventors: Ravi R. Chandran, Lisa Klein, Sandra Mege
  • Patent number: 6312571
    Abstract: An activated cathode comprising an electrically conductive substrate, an interlayer comprising a nickel oxide formed on the surface of the electrically conductive substrate, and a catalyst layer containing at least one lanthanum component selected from oxides and hydroxides of lanthanum metals and at least one platinum component selected from platinum metals and silver and oxides and hydroxides thereof formed on the interlayer. A process for the preparation of an activated cathode is also disclosed which comprises forming an interlayer comprising a nickel oxide on the surface of an electrically conductive substrate, and then forming a catalyst layer containing at least one lanthanum component selected from oxides and hydroxides of lanthanum metals and at least one platinum. component selected from platinum metals and silver and oxides and hydroxides thereof on the surface of the interlayer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2001
    Assignee: Permelec Electrode Ltd.
    Inventors: Miwako Nara, Masashi Tanaka, Yoshinori Nishiki, Shuji Nakamatsu