Organic Compound Containing Patents (Class 204/290.05)
  • Publication number: 20150093601
    Abstract: A bacterial fuel cell including a plurality of anodes and a plurality of cathodes in liquid communication with a liquid to be purified, the plurality of anodes and the plurality of cathodes each including a metal electrical conductor arranged to be electrically coupled across a load in an electrical circuit and an electrically conductive coating at least between the metal electrical conductor and the liquid to be purified, the electrically conductive coating being operative to mutually seal the liquid and the electrical conductor from each other.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 10, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Applicant: EMEFCY LIMITED
    Inventors: Ronen Itzhak SHECHTER, Eytan Baruch LEVY, Lior ESHED
  • Publication number: 20140076721
    Abstract: An electroplating etching apparatus includes a power to output current, and a container configured to contain an electrolyte. A cathode is coupled to the container and configured to fluidly communicate with the electrolyte. An anode is electrically connected to the output, and includes a graphene layer. A metal substrate layer is formed on the graphene layer, and is etched from the graphene layer in response to the current flowing through the anode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shu-Jen Han, Lian Guo, Xuesong Li
  • Patent number: 8608917
    Abstract: A reference electrode for improving a product life cycle without using a gelled hydrophobic ionic liquid having a prescribed hardness or viscosity and without having a large thickness so as to be difficult to manufacture is provided. The reference electrode is provided with a housing for accommodating an internal electrode, a filler for electrically connecting the internal electrode, and a sample liquid. The filler is formed having a layer between the internal electrode and an opening formed in the housing for contacting the sample liquid and the filler. The filler includes a first layer including a water soluble electrolytic solution formed to be in contact with the internal electrode a second layer including a hydrophobic ionic liquid formed to be in contact with the first layer; and a third layer including a gelled hydrophobic ionic liquid formed in the opening so as to be in contact with the second layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: HORIBA, Ltd.
    Inventors: Manabu Shibata, Yasukazu Iwamoto
  • Publication number: 20130228470
    Abstract: A process for converts carbon-based gases such as non-polar organic gases and carbon oxides to longer chained organic gases such as liquid hydrocarbons, longer chained gaseous hydrocarbons, branched-chain liquid hydrocarbons, branched-chain gaseous hydrocarbons, as well as chained and branched-chain organic compounds. In general, the method is for chain modification of hydrocarbons and organic compounds, including chain lengthening, and eventual conversion into liquids including, but not limited to, hydrocarbons, alcohols, and other organic compounds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 1, 2013
    Publication date: September 5, 2013
    Applicant: Viceroy Chemical
    Inventor: Ed Ite Chen
  • Publication number: 20130192997
    Abstract: The invention aims at an aqueous ink for high-temperature electrochemical cell electrodes and/or electrolyte containing particles of at least one mineral filler, at least one binder, and at least one dispersant. It also concerns the electrode and the electrolyte using such an ink.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Publication date: August 1, 2013
    Applicant: Commissariat A L'Energie Atomique Et Aux Energies Alternatives
    Inventor: Commissariat A L'Energie Atomique Et Aux Energies Alternatives
  • Patent number: 8211705
    Abstract: The invention relates to an apparatus and to a method for detecting and/or quantifying mercuric ions, Hg2+. The apparatus of the invention is of the type comprising an electrical device comprising two electrodes and a substrate comprising at least one surface made of an organic or inorganic semiconductor material, the electrodes being in electrical contact with said organic or inorganic semiconductor material, and a device for measuring the variation in the conduction current between the two electrodes, and wherein at least one compound which complexes mercuric ions Hg2+, selected from a dithia-dioxa-monoaza crown ether compound, an N,N-di(hydroxyethyl)amine, an N,N-di(carboxyethyl)amine, and mixtures of two at least of these compounds, is bonded to said semiconductor material or to an electrode of said electrical device. The invention finds application in the field of the detection of mercuric ions, in particular.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2012
    Assignee: Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique Et Aux Energies Alternatives
    Inventors: Alexandre Carella, Jean-Pierre Simonato
  • Publication number: 20120052402
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a multilayer oxygen-consuming electrode having a side facing the oxygen-containing gas and a side facing the alkaline electrolyte, wherein the electrode includes at least one support, and at least two layers comprising a catalyst and a hydrophobic material, wherein the outermost layer facing the gas side has a lower proportion of catalyst than the outermost layer facing the electrolyte side and wherein the proportion of hydrophobic material is not more than 8% by weight based on the total amount of the catalyst and the hydrophobic material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 13, 2011
    Publication date: March 1, 2012
    Applicant: Bayer MaterialScience AG
    Inventors: Thomas Turek, Imad Moussallem, Andreas Bulan, Norbert Schmitz, Peter Weuta
  • Publication number: 20110000784
    Abstract: The present invention concerns an electrochemical pattern replication method, ECPR, and a construction of a conductive electrode for production of applications involving micro and nano structures. An etching or plating pattern, which is defined by a conductive electrode, a master electrode, is replicated on an electrically conductive material, a substrate. The master electrode is put in close contact with the substrate and the etching/plating pattern is directly transferred onto the substrate by using a contact etching/plating process. The contact etching/plating process is performed in local etching/plating cells, that are formed in closed or open cavities between the master electrode and the substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 27, 2010
    Publication date: January 6, 2011
    Applicant: Replisaurus Technologies AB
    Inventors: Patrik Möller, Mikael Fredenberg, Peter Wiwen-Nilsson
  • Publication number: 20100143807
    Abstract: A catalyst including: a plurality of porous clusters of silver particles, each cluster including: (a) a plurality of primary particles of silver, and (b) crystalline particles of zirconium oxide (ZrO2), wherein at least a portion of the crystalline particles of ZrO2 is located in pores formed by a surface of the plurality of primary particles of silver.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2007
    Publication date: June 10, 2010
    Inventors: Ernst Khasin, Arie Zaban
  • Publication number: 20100072060
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to biomedical electrodes incorporating hydrophobic material and methods of formation thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2008
    Publication date: March 25, 2010
    Applicant: Tyco Healthcare Group LP
    Inventor: Warren Copp-Howland
  • Publication number: 20090294284
    Abstract: A reference electrode is disclosed. The reference electrode is developed by spreading an aqueous KCl gelling agar solid gel/poly(vinyl chloride)carboxylated (PVC—COOH) double layer on a screen-printing Ag/AgCl electrode body. Such polymer double layer can maintain ion concentration and keep stable chemical capacitance potential during measurement. The reference electrode of the present invention provides fast response time and high stability for major ions detection measurements in a wide range.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 28, 2008
    Publication date: December 3, 2009
    Applicant: Chung Yuan Christian University
    Inventors: Shen-Kan Hsiung, Jung-Chuan Chou, Tai-Ping Sun, Nien-Hsuan Chou, Tza-Wei Huang
  • Publication number: 20090045074
    Abstract: An electrode for use in a deionization apparatus includes a conductive material that is in a granular form and is arranged in a layer that is defined by a first face and a second face. The electrode includes a substrate that is disposed against the first face, and a first member that is disposed against the second face and is formed to permit a fluid to pass through the first member and into contact with the granular conductive material to permit absorption of ions by the granular conductive material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2008
    Publication date: February 19, 2009
    Applicant: The Water Company LLC
    Inventors: Richard L. Hoover, Brian B. Elson, Brian C. Large, Peter Norman
  • Patent number: 7070878
    Abstract: A layered oxygen electrode incorporating a peroxide decomposition catalyst. The design of the oxygen electrode promotes oxygen dissociation and absorption within the oxygen electrode. The oxygen electrode has differing layers of hydrophobicity which allow chemical impregnation of the active catalyst material into the oxygen electrode where the active catalyst material is needed most.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2006
    Assignee: Ovonic Fuel Cell Company LLC
    Inventors: Srinivasan Venkatesan, Hong Wang, Stanford R. Ovshinsky, Boyko Aladjov, Subhash Dhar
  • Patent number: 7022287
    Abstract: The present invention discloses an electrochemical device for detecting single particles, and methods for using such a device to achieve high sensitivity for detecting particles such as bacteria, viruses, aggregates, immuno-complexes, molecules, or ionic species. The device provides for affinity-based electrochemical detection of particles with single-particle sensitivity. The disclosed device and methods are based on microelectrodes with surface-attached, affinity ligands (e.g., antibodies, combinatorial peptides, glycolipids) that bind selectively to some target particle species. The electrodes electrolyze chemical species present in the particle-containing solution, and particle interaction with a sensor element modulates its electrolytic activity. The devices may be used individually, employed as sensors, used in arrays for a single specific type of particle or for a range of particle types, or configured into arrays of sensors having both these attributes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2006
    Assignee: Sandia National Laboratories
    Inventors: Joseph Schoeniger, Albert W. Flounders, Robert C. Hughes, Antonio J. Ricco, Karl Wally, Stanley H. Kravitz, Richard P. Janek
  • Patent number: 6835489
    Abstract: A double layered oxygen electrode impregnated with an active catalyst material and method of making. The design of the oxygen electrode promotes oxygen dissociation and absorption within the oxygen electrode. The oxygen electrode has differing layers of hydrophobicity which allow chemical impregnation of the active catalyst material into the oxygen electrode where the active catalyst material is needed most.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2004
    Assignee: Texaco Ovonic Fuel Cell LLC
    Inventors: Srinivasan Venkatesan, Hong Wang, Boyko Aladjov, Subhash Dhar, Stanford R. Ovshinsky
  • Patent number: 6733639
    Abstract: The invention relates to a gas diffusion electrode (1) comprising a hydrophobic gas diffusion layer (3b), a reaction layer (3a), and a hydrophilic layer (5) arranged in the mentioned order wherein the reaction layer (3a) is arranged to a barrier layer (4), which barrier layer (4), on its opposite side, is arranged to the hydrophilic layer (5). The invention also relates to a method for manufacturing such a gas diffusion electrode (1), and to an electrolytic cell, and use thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2004
    Assignee: Akzo Nobel N.V.
    Inventors: Bernd Busse, Lars-Erik Bergman
  • Publication number: 20030127321
    Abstract: The invention concerns a microporous diaphragm obtainable by filtering through a porous support, an aqueous dispersion free of asbestos fibres and titanate fibres, comprising organic fibres, at least a binding agent selected among halogenated polymers, at least a pore-forming agent and mineral particles with non-fibrous structure. The invention also concerns a combination comprising said diaphragm and a fibrous mat obtainable by filtration deposit through a porous support of a dispersion comprising fibres whereof part is electrically conductive, at least a binding agent selected among halogenated polymers, at least an electrolytic agent, at least a pore-forming agent. The invention further concerns the preparation of the diaphragm and the combination, and the use thereof to obtain an alkali metal hydroxide solution by electrolysis of aqueous alkali metal halide solutions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2002
    Publication date: July 10, 2003
    Inventors: Jean-Guy Le Helloco, Jean-Maurice Perineau
  • Patent number: 6365018
    Abstract: A non-carbon, metal-based, high temperature resistant, electrically conductive and electrochemically active anode of an aluminum production cell has a metal-based substrate having an adherent coating applied prior to its immersion into the electrolyte and start up of the electrolysis. The coating is obtainable from one or more layers applied from: a liquid solution, a dispersion or suspension in a liquid or a paste, a pasty or non-pasty slurry, and combinations thereof with or without one or more further applied layers, with or without heat treatment between two consecutively applied layers when at least two layers are applied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2002
    Assignee: Moltech Invent S.A.
    Inventor: Vittorio de Nora
  • Patent number: 6277510
    Abstract: The present invention provides a porous electrode used for a conductive material-filled polymer composite. At least one surface of the porous electrode is an open porous structure, which includes a plurality of macropores and micropores randomly distributed and interconnected with each other. The conductive material-filled polymer composite includes a polymer substrate and conductive particles filled therein. When the surface of the open porous structure of the porous electrode is bonded with the conductive material-filled polymer composite, the conductive particles in the conductive material-filled polymer composite can be trapped in the macropores of the porous structure, and the polymer substrate in the conductive material-filled polymer composite can be immersed into the micropores of the porous structure. This enables a better direct contact between the conductive particles and the porous electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2001
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Kun-Huang Chang, Wei-Wen Yeh, Shu-Chin Chou, Chen-Ron Lin