Water, Sewage, Or Other Waste Water Patents (Class 205/742)
  • Patent number: 10118497
    Abstract: A receiving device for receiving a magnetic field and for producing electric energy by magnetic induction, wherein the receiving device includes at least one coil of at least one electric line and wherein the magnetic field induces an electric voltage in the at least one coil during operation. The receiving device and the at least one coil are adapted to receive the magnetic field from a receiving side of the receiving device. The receiving device includes a first field shaping arrangement having magnetizable material adapted to shape magnetic field lines of the magnetic field. The receiving device includes a capacitor arrangement electrically connected to the at least one coil. The receiving device includes a first cooling structure having conduits for guiding a flow of a cooling fluid to cool the receiving device and is placed in between the first field shaping arrangement and the capacitor arrangement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Bombardier Primove GmbH
    Inventors: Federico Garcia, Nestor Martinez Pelaez
  • Patent number: 10087091
    Abstract: In a submerged discharge device, a pair of electrodes is arranged in a liquid in a reservoir to receive an alternating voltage from an alternating power source, thereby generating a submerged discharge using a discharger arranged in the liquid between the pair of electrodes. A surface of this pair of electrodes has a coating that ensures the submerged discharge generated by the discharger. This may reduce the area of contact between the surface of the pair of electrodes and the liquid in the treatment vessel to reduce the consumption of the pair of electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tsunahiro Ohdou, Masaya Nishimura, Tomoki Saitou, Sachiko Yamaguchi
  • Patent number: 10077196
    Abstract: A method for solids removal in heat exchanger systems includes a first water flow path from a heat exchanger to a cooling tower and back to the heat exchanger, including: forming an additional path in parallel with the first path, wherein water flows from the heat exchanger to a UET reactor and back to the heat exchanger, and wherein the UET reactor including means for solids removal from the water using a partial electrolysis process. Optionally, the volumetric flow rate in the additional path is about 5% of the volumetric flow rate in the first water flow path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2018
    Inventor: David Sherzer
  • Patent number: 9784243
    Abstract: A vehicle-based airborne wind turbine system having an aerial wing, a plurality of rotors each having a plurality of rotatable blades positioned on the aerial wing, an electrically conductive tether secured to the aerial wing and secured to a ground station positioned on a vehicle, wherein the aerial wing is adapted to receive electrical power from the vehicle that is delivered to the aerial wing through the electrically conductive tether; wherein the aerial wing is adapted to operate in a flying mode to harness wind energy to provide a first pulling force through the tether to pull the vehicle; and wherein the aerial wing is also adapted to operate in a powered flying mode wherein the rotors may be powered so that the turbine blades serve as thrust-generating propellers to provide a second pulling force through the tether to pull the vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignee: X Development LLC
    Inventors: Damon Vander Lind, Thomas Van Alsenoy, Richard Wayne DeVaul
  • Patent number: 9624118
    Abstract: A method and system for injecting a pulsed radio frequency signal into a fluid-containing system in order to create and propagate an electromagnetic field throughout the fluid-containing system. Use electromagnetic field may be used to prevent the formation and build-up of scale in the fluid-containing system and/or to prevent the proliferation of bacteria within the fluid-containing system. The method and system may also be used to inject a pulsed radio frequency signal at a number of points in a fluid-containing system, or to inject a pulsed radio frequency signal to a number of independent fluid-containing systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Inventor: Martin Clark
  • Patent number: 9533897
    Abstract: An apparatus, system, and method for producing electro-chemically activated water wherein (1) a dilute aqueous salt solution is first delivered through a preliminary reactor which has an anode element and a cathode element but does not have a membrane element positioned between the anode and the cathode and (2) the product from the preliminary reactor is then delivered through an activation reactor having a membrane element positioned between the anode and cathode elements thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2017
    Inventors: Mathys Jacobus Buitendag, Philip Nel, Daniel Francois Jensen, Hendrik Frederik du Plessis
  • Patent number: 9199239
    Abstract: The present invention provides fluidic testing devices with fluidic flow channels for processing fluid samples.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Inventors: Ben H. Liu, Jeffrey R. SooHoo, Meghan E. Vidt
  • Patent number: 9139459
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a process for removing naphthenic acid and/or naphthenic compounds from an aqueous solution. The process comprises one or more of the steps of: (a) feeding an aqueous solution comprising a constituent selected from the group consisting of naphthenic aldehyde, naphthenic alcohol, naphthenic acid, and combinations thereof, into a mix tank; (b) feeding an oxidizing agent into the mix tank forming a reactant mixture; (c) mixing the reactant mixture in the mix tank; (d) coagulating the reactant mixture with a polyvalent metallic electrode forming metallic naphthenate particles; (e) flocculating the metallic naphthenate particles forming floc; (f) sparging to float the floc to the surface of the aqueous solution; and (g) removing the floc from the aqueous solution. A system for removing naphthenic acid and/or naphthenic compounds from an aqueous solution is also disclosed herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2015
    Inventors: Luisa Kling Miller, Jorge Miller
  • Publication number: 20150096901
    Abstract: There is a method of facilitating the consolidation of fine tailings through the application of an electrical current. The fine tailings include a combination of at least some water and some clay particles. Electrodes are placed into contact with the fine tailings. An AC voltage with a DC offset is applied to the electrodes to separate water from the clay particles and to induce movement of the separated water to a collection area. The separated clay particles can consolidate more readily than unseparated clay particles. In an embodiment, the fine tailings are mixed fine oil sands extraction tailings which include residual hydrocarbons. In an embodiment, the application of an AC voltage with a DC offset across the electrodes includes applying an AC voltage of about 1 V/cm and a DC offset of about ½ V/cm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 7, 2013
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventors: Bruce S. Beattie, Paul Garcia, Doug Kimzey, Ben Harris, Robert C. Parrott, James Micak
  • Patent number: 8997863
    Abstract: A method of improving natural gas release from a well via an enhanced hydraulic fracturing operation. The method includes capturing or retrieving the flow back from the well following the fracturing operation. The flow back or other source water is introduced to an electrocoagulation (“EC”) treatment process. EC treatment separates the water from other fracturing fluid components in the flow back and also removes bacteria and other contaminants. Thereafter, the EC-treated fluid is recycled for subsequent fracturing operations. The process may also be used to treat all source water, including fresh water delivered to the well before it is used as a fracturing fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Water Tectonics, Inc.
    Inventors: James Mothersbaugh, Marvin Eugene Hancock
  • Publication number: 20150090668
    Abstract: A mobile water treatment facility may include, in one example operation, receiving used, dirty and/or waste water from a well or other source. The water may then be prepared for a treatment cycle by modifying the water and applying a voltage to the water inside an electrode array in order to remove the sediment from the water to provide recycled water for continued use. The process may be performed by a full capacity device or via a mobile treatment and testing unit that operates by cycling the water at a smaller volume and rate for analysis and testing purposes prior to engaging a full flow-rate treatment device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
  • Publication number: 20150076001
    Abstract: Apparatus for purifying a fluid, which comprises an ion absorption cell (2) traversed by a fluid to be treated (F1) containing cationic particles and/or anionic particles, provided with a containment structure (3) defining at its interior two operating chambers (4, 5) traversed by the fluid to be treated (F1), and each delimited by a respective electrode (10, 11) that can be power supplied to opposite polarities. Between the two operating chambers (4, 5), a third evacuation chamber (13) is interposed, containing a porous electrical conductor (18) traversed by a washing fluid (F2) and delimited by two opposite walls (16, 17) which together with the electrodes (10, 11) define the aforesaid operating chambers (4, 5). The aforesaid walls (16, 17) have at least one ion-selective area associated, which is susceptible to being traversed by charged particles with corresponding polarity contained in the two contiguous operating chambers (4, 5) subjected to the action of the electric field generated by the electrodes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventor: Tullio SERVIDA
  • Patent number: 8961770
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide a method of operating a flow-through capacitor and a related controller for performing the method. The method includes establishing a summed-current capacity of the flow-through capacitor. In an operational cycle, the flow-through capacitor is operated to transfer ions between the pair of electrodes and water. A current is monitored during operation of the flow-through capacitor. This current is integrated over time to calculate a monitored-current value. To determine an end of the operational cycle, the monitored-current value is compared to the summed-current capacity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Pentair Residential Filtration, LLC
    Inventors: David J. Averbeck, Rebecca M. Tallon, Brett A. Boedeker
  • Patent number: 8958917
    Abstract: The present invention provides a remote monitoring system for monitoring the operation of a fluid treatment system and/or the qualities, characteristics, properties, etc., of the fluid being processed or treated by the fluid treatment system. The system includes a remote computer that may be associated with a database that accesses data transmitted from the fluid treatment system with the data collected, acquired, etc., from one or more sensors placed in the fluid treatment system for measuring fluid quality and/or equipment operation in a fluid treatment system. The remote computer may then analyze or manipulate the data to generate an analysis result or analysis report that may be sent or communicated along with the data and/or any historical or expected information or data to a remote viewing device for viewing by a user. A method is further provided for the operation of the remote monitoring system of the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Hach Company
    Inventors: Thomas D. Wolfe, Charles Scholpp
  • Publication number: 20150041332
    Abstract: An equipment for disposal of cyanobacteria in stagnant waters has a float structure, to which two types of bipolar electrodes (1 and 6) are mounted under the surface of water, interconnected and supplied with electric direct current via an alternator (10). The equipment comprises a supporting float (5) having the shape of a hollow body, in which there is a transversely positioned rib (4) with an attached suspended electrode (1), interconnected to supplies of photovoltaic cells (8) and alternator (10), fixed on the rib (4) there is the device (9) for utilizing wind power, connected to an alternator (10), driving the water pump (2), which is placed in the delivery pipe (3) and is connected directly to the axis of the device (9), for utilization of wind power. Fixed on the supporting float (5) there is the upper float (7) with the anchored grid electrode (6) and with the stored photovoltaic cells (8), interconnected with the electrodes (1) and (6).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Dusan Sebo, Miroslav Badida, Juraj Sebo, Monika Fedorcáková
  • Publication number: 20150034495
    Abstract: Electrocoagulation and sludge control apparatus and feed controller assembly and methods for effluent treatment are disclosed, the apparatus including a primary reaction chamber having electrodes mounted therein and a treated effluent output. A sludge chamber is defined below and integrated with the primary reaction chamber and has a selectively openable outlet. The feed controller assembly is intermediate the primary reaction chamber and the sludge chamber and has a length selected for distribution of all effluent feed water across substantially an entire length of the primary reaction chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 14, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicant: Rockwater Resource, LLC
    Inventor: Reginald A. Wiemers
  • Patent number: 8945738
    Abstract: A device and related method for producing electrical energy, in the form of current flowing in a load. The said method uses two solutions with different ionic concentration as energy source. The said device includes at least two electrodes immersed at least partially in a liquid contained in a cell. The method includes a plurality of phases. Among them, a phase in which the electrodes and are brought into contact with a first solution; a phase in which they are electrically charged; a phase in which they are brought into contact with a second solution; a phase in which at least a part of the accumulated charge is let flow through the load. The energy provided to the load is more than the energy used to charge the electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Redstack B.V.
    Inventors: Doriano Costantino Brogioli, Maria Chiara Nicolo
  • Publication number: 20150017257
    Abstract: To provide acidic electrolyzed water, a method for manufacturing acidic electrolyzed water, and a cleanser and a disinfectant containing acidic electrolyzed water which has disinfecting power for a long period of time, and which reduces the burden on living tissue. The acidic electrolyzed water has an effective chlorine concentration of 15 ppm or more, osmotic pressure from 235 mOsm to 435 mOsm, and a chlorine-based electrolyte content of 0.1 mass % or less in terms of sodium chloride.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: Molex Incorporated
    Inventors: Megumi MURAMOTO, Kousuke TAKETOMI
  • Publication number: 20150001164
    Abstract: To remove a contaminant from a liquid, a pulsed electrical arc discharge is effected between two electrodes immersed in the liquid, thereby creating a plurality of particles within the liquid. One or both of the electrodes is metallic, for example iron or titanium. Before the pulsed electrical arc discharge is terminated, another step that promotes destruction of the contaminant by particles, such as removing the particles from the liquid or adding an oxidizer to the liquid, is performed. In the case of the extra step being adding an oxidizer to the liquid, preferably the termination of the pulsed electrical arc discharge is followed by allowing the liquid and the particles therein to age.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 3, 2012
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: Ramot at Tel-Aviv University Ltd.
    Inventors: Nahum Parkansky, Reuven Lev Boxman, Simon Evelina Faktorovich, Boris A. Alterkop, Olga Berkh, Adi Vegerhof
  • Patent number: 8920615
    Abstract: A salt water chlorinator (30) for a swimming pool includes an electrolysis cell having two anodes (98) and a cathode (94). Two scrapers (102), each of which is of titanium and includes scraping portions in the form of ribs (106) in contact with the opposite surfaces of the cathode, are reciprocated relative to the cathode (94) to remove scale deposits from the cathode (94). The scrapers (102) are mounted in a frame (110) and their scraping ribs (106) are curved such that the ribs (106) are self-biased against the cathode surfaces. A mechanism for reciprocating the scrapers (102) includes two solenoid coils (116) which act on cores (114) in a stem (112) of the frame (110). A control circuit for the electrolysis cell is contained in a housing (86) which is attached to a housing (82) for the electrolysis cell. The control circuit includes a flow sensor for sensing salt-water flow through the electrolysis cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Davey Water Products Pty Ltd
    Inventors: Robert Bruce Davidson, Mark Andrew Lance
  • Publication number: 20140346056
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a process for removing naphthenic acid and/or naphthenic compounds from an aqueous solution. The process comprises one or more of the steps of: (a) feeding an aqueous solution comprising a constituent selected from the group consisting of naphthenic aldehyde, naphthenic alcohol, naphthenic acid, and combinations thereof, into a mix tank; (b) feeding an oxidizing agent into the mix tank forming a reactant mixture; (c) mixing the reactant mixture in the mix tank; (d) coagulating the reactant mixture with a polyvalent metallic electrode forming metallic naphthenate particles; (e) flocculating the metallic naphthenate particles forming floc; (f) sparging to float the floc to the surface of the aqueous solution; and (g) removing the floc from the aqueous solution. A system for removing naphthenic acid and/or naphthenic compounds from an aqueous solution is also disclosed herein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2014
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventors: Luisa Kling Miller, Jorge Miller
  • Publication number: 20140339099
    Abstract: A method of producing an apparatus to remove ions from water is disclosed, wherein the apparatus includes a first electrode having a first current collector, a second electrode having a second current collector, and a spacer between the first and second electrodes to allow water to flow in between the electrodes. The method includes flushing water through the spacer and subsequently exerting a force on the stack so as to compress the first and second electrodes and the spacer. Exerting a force on the stack may result in a pressure of less than 5 bar, less than 2 bar, or between 1 bar and 0.5 bar, between the electrodes and the spacer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2012
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: VOLTEA B.V.
    Inventors: Albert Van Der Wal, Hank Robert Reinhoudt, Piotr Edward Dlugolecki, Thomas Richard Bednar, George Shoemaker Ellis, David Jeffrey Averbeck
  • Publication number: 20140332406
    Abstract: The present disclosure describes methods and systems comprising hydrodynamic cavitation, microwave irradiation, and at least one of oxidative sonoelectrolysis and reductive sonoelectrolysis, providing feedstock purification of at least one of water, fluid and mineral. Contaminants, broken down and chemically degraded into smaller and more volatile substances by hydrodynamic cavitation are ultimately destroyed in the course of one or more sonoelectrolysis steps. In various embodiments, at least one of oxidative sonoelectrolysis and reductive sonoelectrolysis is irradiated with microwaves in order to heat the sonoplasma present within acoustic cavitation bubbles to temperatures sufficient to destroy contaminants therein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2014
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: Chiral Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Francis Anthony Nottke, Randolph Edward Seligmann
  • Publication number: 20140332396
    Abstract: A carbon based material produced from the consolidation of amorphous carbon by elevated temperature compression. The material having unique chemical and physical characteristics that lend themselves to a broad range of applications such as in electrical, electrochemical and structural fields.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 13, 2014
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: Reticle, Inc.
    Inventors: Carl C. Nesbitt, Xiaowei Sun
  • Patent number: 8871074
    Abstract: A water desalination system and method in accordance with the principles of the present invention employs capacitive deionization to remove ions from source water to produce deionzed and waste water. The process employs charged electrodes to attract ions of opposite polarity from the source water. The process of discharging the electrodes employs solvent drag.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Nam P. Suh, Sang-Gook Kim, Taesik Lee, Ishan Barman, Gyunyoung Heo
  • Publication number: 20140251824
    Abstract: Provided are electrochemical devices that are rechargeable, where the regeneration techniques are based on a batchwise application of current or current density to the cells, where there are a service mode where no current or current density is applied and a recharge mode where a current or current density is applied. Electrochemical and EDI systems according to the embodiments herein are suitable for deionization and/or purification of typical municipal tap quality water in applications where demand for purified, low-TDS water is intermittent. Such operations avoid the use of chemical additions for regeneration purposes. In addition the cells provided herein are amenable to small footprints for consumer and commercial applications such as: dishwashers, washing machines, coffee and espresso makers, ice makers, steam tables, car wash water sources, and steamers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2012
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Inventors: Robert E. Astle, Jonathan F. Hester, Dian Zheng
  • Patent number: 8808527
    Abstract: A method of sterilizing water that includes: immersing at least one electrode unit having a negative electrode within a container and a positive electrode within the container, the positive electrode separated from and facing the negative electrode, wherein the negative electrode has a plurality of negative electrode projections thereon, and the positive electrode has a plurality of positive electrode projections thereon, each positive electrode projection arranged to face and be aligned with each negative electrode projection one by one; and, supplying direct current by at least one power supply to the electrode unit immersed under the water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Inventor: Chil-Young Kim
  • Patent number: 8807349
    Abstract: The invention concerns a device for generation of ion network for water treatment in tanks, especially for reduction of cloud and for stabilization of water surfaces, where the device is arranged on a floating body equipped with a drive for initiation of mutual motion of the floating body and water, whereas the floating body is equipped with an ejector and at least one source of electrolytically and/or photocatalytically treated water connected with an outlet (9) that leads into ejection and/or ejected water of an ejector. Eventually, an inlet of chemical agents (11) and/or an inlet of biological agents (12), an inlet of oxidation agent (13) or an inlet of air (14) lead into ejection and/or ejected water of the ejector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Inventors: Josef Ková{hacek over (r)}, Petr Ková{hacek over (r)}
  • Patent number: 8795536
    Abstract: Process for degrading organic substances in an aqueous composition comprising a step (a) wherein, in a liquid reaction medium, said aqueous composition is reacted with at least one composition comprising hydroxide ions (OH?) and hypochlorite in a molar ratio between hydroxide and hypochlorite higher than or equal to 0.001 and lower than 1.5, in order to oxidize said organic substances.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Solvay (Societe Anonyme)
    Inventors: Patrick Gilbeau, Ward Blancke
  • Patent number: 8795510
    Abstract: An automated self-propelled robotic pool cleaner having a housing and drive means for moving the pool cleaner over at least the bottom wall of a pool, is provided with an integral on-board electrochemical chlorine generator for producing chlorine from a chlorine compound, e.g., sodium chloride, that is dissolved in the pool water, a source of electrical power operatively connected to the electrochemical chlorine generator, control means for initiating and terminating the operation of the chlorine generator, and an outlet for discharging water containing chlorine ions produced by the electrochemical generator to thereby distribute the chlorine into the water proximate the exterior of the pool cleaner housing as the pool cleaner follows a programmed operational mode across the bottom and/or side walls of the pool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Aqua Products, Inc.
    Inventor: Joseph Porat
  • Patent number: 8778166
    Abstract: Process and apparatus to remove colloids and nitrogen compounds from contaminated water by coagulating the colloids and separating them from the water. The water is then continuously oxidized with chlorine electrolytically to destroy the nitrogen compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Potable Water Systems Ltd.
    Inventors: Jorge Miller, Luisa Kling Miller
  • Patent number: 8778161
    Abstract: The present invention provides an epoch-making fluid reforming device which requires a small installation site, avoids clogging of pipes, allows uniform on-site adjustment, does not use chemicals or minimizes chemicals ii any, enables germ treatment, and purifies and reforms every fluid including water. The fluid reforming device has (a) a container for fluid reforming having an inlet for introducing an unpurified fluid and an outlet for discharging a purified fluid; (b) a pair or a plurality of pairs of AC application electrodes stored in the container; (c) a cylindrical ground electrode surrounding the AC application electrodes; (d) a polarity switching circuit connected to the AC application electrodes for switching the polarities of the pair of electrodes; and (e) a constant current supply having a current detector for detecting current flowing between the AC application electrodes in fluid reforming, the constant current supply keeping a current value detected by the current detector constant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Sanko Kogyo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masatake Chiba, Ikuo Chiba, Hisanori Takahashi
  • Publication number: 20140190838
    Abstract: This invention relates to an electric double layer capacitor electrochemical cylinder (11) made up of concentric layers of capacitors (16), current collectors (14a, 14b, 14c), ion specific membranes (18, 18a, 18b) and dielectric spacer (20) wrapped around an inner support tube (12) that can be used as a high capacitance capacitor and to remove dissolved solids from a liquid stream such as water, acid, aqueous or non-aqueous.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 10, 2014
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Inventor: Patrick Michael Curran
  • Patent number: 8771499
    Abstract: Axially fed fluid is sheared during long residence time in a radial workspace between counter-rotating coaxial disk-shaped centrifugal impellers. Gases evolve in the fractal turbulence of a shear layer, which is forced between laminar boundary layers, and an axial suction pump axially extracts evolved noncondensables and volatiles through cores of radial vortices in the shear layer. Cavitation due to shear between the impellers kills pathogens by shock waves, microjets, OH radicals, and nearby UV light pulses. Oppositely charged electrodes bounding the workspace cause electroporesis and electrohydraulic cavitation. The electrodes are counter-rotating ridged armatures of disk dynamos, forming a dynamic capacitor having audio frequency pulsed electric fields. Electrode erosion by arcing is prevented by shear between the electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: McCutchen Co.
    Inventors: Wilmot H. McCutchen, David J. McCutchen
  • Publication number: 20140166497
    Abstract: Method for treating sewage, comprising at least one step of electrolytically treating sewage, an energy transfer step comprising at least one selected in the group comprising: a temperature raising treatment, an ultrasound treatment. The electrolytic treatment and energy transfer steps determining the dissociation from the sewage of gas comprising nitrogen. Further, the method comprises a step of separating gases comprising nitrogen from the mass of sewage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2013
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Inventors: De Asmundis Fulvio ANTONIO, Masoero PAOLO
  • Publication number: 20140170059
    Abstract: Electrochemically-treated water having an electron deficiency is described, which may be attained by a process comprising the following steps: a) Electrolysing water, b) Withdrawing a portion of the catholyte from the system, and c) Introducing the remaining catholyte into the anodic chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 6, 2013
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Applicant: SYBARIS GMBH
    Inventors: Manuel Czech, Andre Philipps, Michael Saefkow
  • Patent number: 8753499
    Abstract: A deionization apparatus for regenerating electrodes using vibration and a method of controlling the same. The deionization apparatus includes electrodes to which ions contained in a fluid are absorbed, and a piezoelectric element to separate the ions absorbed to the electrodes by vibration. Since the ions absorbed to the electrodes are separated using mechanical energy generated by the piezoelectric element, it may be possible to more rapidly perform regeneration of the electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Andrey Troshin, Dae Wook Park, Hideo Nojima, Seon Uk Na
  • Publication number: 20140144789
    Abstract: The present disclosure is generally directed to devices and methods of treating aqueous solutions to help remove or otherwise reduce levels, concentrations or amounts of one or more contaminants. The present disclosure relates to a apparatus including a substantially self-contained housing or container which is adapted to receive components including at least one counterelectrode (e.g. cathode) and at least one photoelectrode (e.g. anode) provided or arranged around at least one UV light source, and/or receive, contain and/or circulate fluid or aqueous solution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 9, 2014
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: AquaMost, Inc.
    Inventors: Terence P. Barry, Thomas P. Barry, Jake Myre, Anton Asmuth
  • Publication number: 20140138258
    Abstract: In a water processing system including a first volume with a raw water inlet and a soft water outlet and a second volume for collecting minerals therein, and wherein mineral ions are transferred to the second volume using an electrolysis process, a method for enhancing minerals removal comprising the steps of transferring water from the second volume to a minerals removal device and using a partial electrolysis process in the minerals removal device to cause minerals to be deposited there. Preferably, the first and second volumes are separated by a membrane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 18, 2013
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Inventor: David Sherzer
  • Publication number: 20140116954
    Abstract: Methods of removing one or more oxyanions from an aqueous fluid can comprise increasing the pH of an aqueous fluid containing one or more oxyanions and contacting the aqueous fluid with aluminum metal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2013
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: The Water Company
    Inventors: Brian B. ELSON, Michael Fallbach
  • Patent number: 8709231
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for enriching water with oxygen by an electrolytic process, that comprises the following series of steps: the electrolysis of Cl? Br? ion-free water in an electrolysis cell in which the anode and the cathode are separated by a gas-tight membrane that is pervious to electric charges; b) recovering the oxygen-enriched water from the anode compartment of the electrolysis cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Compagnie Gervais Danone
    Inventors: Christophe Lascoste, Stéphane Brunner, Liliana Jimenez, Alexis Klein
  • Patent number: 8691097
    Abstract: The system and method is directed to improved separation or clarification of solids from a solids-laden liquid and removal of entrained gasses. A liquid to be treated is introduced into the inlet of a solid-liquid separator modified to include one or more sources of vibrational energy. The liquid is directed through a conduit within the separator. This conduit can be configured into a tortuous flow path to assist in the separation of solids from the liquid. Vibrational energy is applied to the flow path, preferably through the flow path conduit. As solids fall out of solution, they are collected. The clarified liquid is also collected. A vacuum can be applied to the system to assist in moving the solid-liquid mixture through the system and to provide vacuum clarification. Electrocoagulation electrodes and gas sparging can also be employed along with height adjustable weirs and an oil accumulator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: 1612017 Alberta Ltd.
    Inventor: Derald L. McCabe
  • Patent number: 8685255
    Abstract: A method of operating a capacitive deionization cell using a regeneration cycle to increase pure flow rate and efficiency of the cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Voltea B.V.
    Inventors: Sean Knapp, Marshall L. Leffew, II
  • Patent number: 8679515
    Abstract: Contaminants are filtered from a fluid flow stream and the filter is regenerated by a process including steps of: providing a filter material comprising both carbon and potassium iodide; passing a contaminated fluid stream in contact with the filter material; adsorbing contaminants from the fluid stream onto surfaces in the filter material; passing an electric current through the filter material with adsorbed contaminant thereon; disassociating contaminant from the surfaces of the filter material; and removing disassociated contaminant from the filter material by carrying away the disassociated contaminant in a fluid flow mass. Separately, a stable, active iodine solution is also provided for numerous deodorizing and disinfecting applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Biolargo Life Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Kenneth R. Code, Joseph Provenzano
  • Publication number: 20140076804
    Abstract: A method precipitating struvite in wastewater uses a magnesium sacrificial anode as the only source of magnesium. A high-purity magnesium alloy cast anode was found to be very effective in recovery of high-quality struvite from water solutions and from supernatant of fermented waste activated sludge (WAS) from a high-purity oxygen wastewater treatment plant. Struvite purity was strongly dependent on the pH and the electric current density. Optimum pH of the solution was in the broad range between 7.5 and 9.3, with struvite purities exceeding 90%. The precipitated struvite accumulated in bulk liquid with significant portions attached to the anode surface from which regular detachment occurred.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2013
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Inventors: Damian J. Kruk, Jan A. Oleszkiewicz
  • Publication number: 20140079803
    Abstract: Aspects for utilizing a seawater fluid to optimize egg-production characteristics are disclosed. In one aspect, a method is provided, which includes identifying a desired optimization, determining a corresponding seawater to non-seawater ratio, and generating a seawater fluid according to the ratio. An egg-cultivation method is also provided, which includes ascertaining a desired optimization, selecting a corresponding seawater to non-seawater ratio, and providing a seawater fluid comprising the ratio to a hen. In another egg-cultivation method, hens are provided with a mixed feed comprising a feed to seawater-mineralized produce ratio selected according to a desired optimization. A method to grow produce is also provided, which includes mineralizing soil with a seawater fluid comprising a seawater to non-seawater ratio corresponding to a preferred optimization.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2013
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Applicant: Luberski Inc. (dba Hidden Villa Ranch)
    Inventors: Timothy E. Luberski, Neal Rye, Edward E. Anderson
  • Patent number: 8663444
    Abstract: Prolongation of the lifetime for reduced water is attempted. Production water that presents alkalinity is produced by utilizing raw water with ionized metallic minerals being dissolved therein and hydrogen gas H2. When inpouring the hydrogen gas together with the raw water into an electromagnetic portion in the apparatus, the hydrogen gas is bubbled and ionized to produce ions. The gas bubbles of the ionized hydrogen-ions are miniaturized. By making a metallic mineral as a core, hydrides (H?), which are negative ions in the hydrogen ions, coordinate on the periphery of that core. The metallic minerals which are complex-ionized (complex-ionized metallic minerals) based on a fact that the hydrides coordinate are dissolved in the water stably for long period of time, so that production water which presents alkalinity, that is, reduced water can be obtained. The reduced water can be utilized as drinking water. A metal container is preferable for a refilling container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Kuki-Shoukou, Co., Ltd. and Panet Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Takashige Nabeshima
  • Patent number: 8658014
    Abstract: A method of reducing naphthenic acids in a wastewater stream. The method begins by processing the wastewater stream to produce a treated wastewater stream with an electrocoagulation device to induce flocculation of the naphthenic acids. The reduction of the naphthenic acids in the wastewater stream occurs from separating flocculated naphthenic acids to produce the treated wastewater stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: ConocoPhillips Company
    Inventor: Kay K. Bjornen
  • Publication number: 20140008242
    Abstract: An electrochemical apparatus comprising: an electrochemical chamber; at least one cathode and at least one anode disposed within the chamber, said anode comprising a consumable surface for contact with liquid in the chamber, whereby, upon application of a potential difference across the cathode and anode, the consumable surface in contact with liquid in the chamber dissolves in the liquid; wherein the apparatus further comprises a protective electrode said protective electrode being connectable to the cathode and/or anode in the chamber via a source of direct current, such that electron flow takes place from the protective electrode to the cathode and/or anode in the chamber, said protective electrode being formed from a different material to the cathode or anode in the chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 20, 2011
    Publication date: January 9, 2014
    Applicant: Aguacure Limited
    Inventor: Carlos Filipe Duarte
  • Publication number: 20130327655
    Abstract: A method for water treatment system comprising: mixing feed water to be treated with an agent to increase a pH level of the feed water; running the feed water through a plurality of Electro-Coagulation (EC) units; and running the feed water through a plurality of settling tank chambers wherein each successive settling tank chamber removes smaller particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2012
    Publication date: December 12, 2013
    Inventors: Jeff Briggs, Jim Briggs