Metal Or Metal Oxide Containing Catalyst Patents (Class 208/121)
  • Patent number: 10329219
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for converting paraffin to olefin comprising the following steps: (a) providing a hydrocarbon feedstock containing at least one paraffin having 1 to 12 carbon atoms and at least one olefin having 2 to 12 carbon atoms; (b) providing a catalyst containing at least one Group VIA and/or Group VIIA transition metal on a solid support; (c) pretreating the catalyst by contacting the catalyst with at least one reducing gas and at least one oxidizing gas; and (d) contacting the by hydrocarbon feedstock and the pretreated catalyst at a temperature in the range of 200° C. to 600° C., preferably 320° C. to 450° C. and to a catalyst for use therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: SCG CHEMICALS COMPANY LIMITED
    Inventors: Kongkiat Suriye, Wuttithep Jareewatchara, Pruphanya Lekngam, Anuwat Nonkhamwong, Kesada Sutthiumporn
  • Patent number: 10017430
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are processes for tandem alkene dehydrogenation/alkene dimerization using an iridium pincer complex catalyst on a support comprising magnesium silicates (e.g., Florisil®). The reaction process comprises providing an iridium pincer complex bound to a solid support comprising magnesium silicates; providing a gaseous alkane feedstock comprising at least one alkane; and contacting the gaseous alkane feedstock with the iridium pincer complex bound to the solid support in the presence of a hydrogen acceptor to form dimerized alkenes. The processes disclosed herein can accomplish facile, low-temperature tandem transfer dehydrogenation of alkanes and dimerization of alkenes with unprecedented TONs at a reasonable rate of conversion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignees: Chevron U.S.A. Inc., Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
    Inventors: Oleg Mironov, Robert J. Saxton, Alan S. Goldman, Akshai Kumar
  • Patent number: 9932533
    Abstract: Transport compositions include a crude oil composition and a solvent formulation including at least one terpene component. In some embodiments, the terpene is a monoterpene. In some embodiments, the terpene is pure gum turpentine, oil of turpentine, a component of turpentine, or a combination of these. Addition of a minimal amount of solvent formulation to the crude oil composition raises the flash point of the mixture, preferably to a predetermined value, which may be in the range of 100 to 120° F., in the range of 120 to 140° F., above 140° F., or above 170° F., depending on the application. The amount of terpene is preferably in the range about 0.005 to about 5 percent by total weight of the transport composition. Methods of raising the flash point of a crude oil composition and methods of increasing the safety of handling a crude oil composition are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2018
    Assignee: GreenSolve, LLC
    Inventor: William F. Rexer, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9802971
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are processes for dehydrogenation of an alkane to an alkene using an iridium pincer complex. In the dehydrogenation reactions, hydrogen that is co-formed during the process must be removed for the chemical reaction to proceed and to prevent the excess hydrogen from poisoning the catalyst. In one embodiment the process comprises providing an alkane feedstock comprising at least one alkane and contacting the alkane with an iridium pincer complex in the presence of a hydrogen acceptor selected from the group consisting of ethylene, propene, or mixtures to form an alkene product. The processes disclosed herein can accomplish facile, low-temperature transfer dehydrogenation of alkanes with unprecedented selectivities and TONs at a reasonable rate of conversion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignees: Chevron U.S.A. INC., Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
    Inventors: Akshai Kumar, Oleg Mironov, Robert J. Saxton, Alan S. Goldman
  • Patent number: 9783744
    Abstract: Present invention relates to a novel process for upgrading a residual hydrocarbon oil feedstock having a significant amount of Conradson Carbon Residue (concarbon), metals, especially vanadium and nickel, asphaltenes, sulfur impurities and nitrogen to a lighter more valuable hydrocarbon products by reducing or minimizing coke formation and by injecting fine droplets of oil soluble organo-metallic compounds at multiple elevations of the riser with varying dosing rates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignee: INDIAN OIL CORPORATION LIMITED
    Inventors: Sayapaneni Gopinath Bhanuprasad, Sadhullah Mukthiyar, Gadari Saidulu, Ram Mohan Thakur, Indranil Roy Choudhary, Manoj Kumar Yadav, Satheesh Vetterkunnel Kumaran, Debasis Bhattacharyya, Brijesh Kumar, Biswapriya Das
  • Patent number: 9677007
    Abstract: A carbon monoxide combustion catalyst and a method of making the catalyst used in fluid bed catalytic cracking process. The catalyst can contain metals and other composites which promote oxidation of carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide during regeneration of spent FCC catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignees: Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited, Sud-Chemie India Pvt LTD
    Inventors: Chiranjeevi Thota, Dattatraya Tammannashastri Gokak, Ravikumar Voolapalli, Venkateswarlu Choudary Nettem, Mohammad Amir Siddiqui, Rajan Bosco, Raghunath Prasad Mehrotra
  • Patent number: 9556032
    Abstract: The present invention relates to single walled and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs), functionalized CNTs and carbon nanotube composites with controlled properties, to a method for aerosol synthesis of single walled and multi-walled carbon nanotubes, functionalized CNTs and carbon nanotube composites with controlled properties from pre-made catalyst particles and a carbon source in the presence of reagents and additives, to functional, matrix and composite materials composed thereof and structures and devices fabricated from the same in continuous or batch CNT reactors. The present invention allows all or part of the processes of synthesis of CNTs, their purification, doping, functionalization, coating, mixing and deposition to be combined in one continuous procedure and in which the catalyst synthesis, the CNT synthesis, and their functionalization, doping, coating, mixing and deposition can be separately controlled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2017
    Assignee: CANATU OY
    Inventors: Esko Kauppinen, David P. Brown, Albert G. Nasibulin, Hua Jiang, Anna Moisala Motta
  • Patent number: 9175230
    Abstract: A cracking catalyst, which contains alumina, phosphorus and molecular sieve, with or without clay, wherein said alumina is ?-alumina or a mixture of ?-alumina and ?-alumina and/or ?-alumina, and wherein the catalyst contains, on the basis of the total amount of the catalyst, 0.5-50 wt % of ?-alumina, 0-50 wt % of ?-alumina and/or ?-alumina, 10-70 wt % of molecular sieve, 0-75 wt % of clay, and 0.1-8 wt % of phosphorus, measured as P2O5. The catalyst not only has higher cracking activity and higher cracking ability for cracking heavy oil, but also improves significantly quality and yield of gasoline, LCO and LPG in cracking products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Assignees: CHINA PETROLEUM & CHEMICAL CORPORATION, RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF PETROLEUM PROCESSING, SINOPEC
    Inventors: Jun Long, Zhonghong Qiu, Youbao Lu, Jiushun Zhang, Zhijian Da, Huiping Tian, Yuxia Zhu, Wanhong Zhang, Zhenbo Wang
  • Patent number: 8956528
    Abstract: A system and process for conversion of heavy feedstocks in a slurry bed hydroprocessing reactor is provided in which (a) hydrogen gas is dissolved in the liquid feedstock by mixing and/or diffusion, (b) the mixture is flashed to remove and recover any light components and hydrogen, leaving a hydrogen-enriched feedstock. A homogenous and/or heterogeneous catalyst is added to the feedstock upstream of the inlet of the slurry bed hydroprocessing reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventor: Omer Refa Koseoglu
  • Patent number: 8951406
    Abstract: A process for catalytically cracking a hydrocarbon oil containing sulfur and/or nitrogen hydrocarbon constituents by dissolving excess hydrogen in the liquid hydrocarbon feedstock in a mixing zone at a temperature of 420° C. to 500° C. and a hydrogen-to-feedstock oil volumetric ratio of 300:1 to 3000:1, flashing the mixture to remove remaining hydrogen and any light components in the feed, introducing the hydrogen saturated hydrocarbon feed into an FCC reactor for contact with a catalyst suspension in a riser or downflow reactor to produce lower boiling hydrocarbon components which can be more efficiently and economically separated into lower molecular weight hydrocarbon products, hydrogen sulfide and ammonia gas and unreacted hydrogen in a separation zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventor: Omer Refa Koseoglu
  • Patent number: 8940155
    Abstract: An improved system and method for processing feedstocks in an ebullated-bed hydroprocessing reactor is provided in which hydrogen gas is dissolved in the fresh and recycled liquid feedstock by mixing and/or diffusion of an excess of hydrogen, followed by flashing of the undissolved hydrogen upstream of the reactor inlet, introduction of the feed containing dissolved hydrogen into the ebullated-bed hydroprocessing reactor whereby the dissolved hydrogen eliminates or minimizes the prior art problems of gas hold-up and reduced operational efficiency of the recycle pump due to the presence of excess gas in the recycle stream when hydrogen gas was introduced as a separate phase into the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventor: Omer Refa Koseoglu
  • Publication number: 20140323780
    Abstract: The invention concerns a process for the preparation of a catalyst for carrying out hydrogenation reactions in hydrotreatment and hydrocracking processes. Said catalyst is prepared from at least one mononuclear precursor based on molybdenum (Mo), in its monomeric or dimeric form, having at least one Mo?O or Mo—OR bond or at least one Mo?S or Mo—SR bond where [R?CxHy where x?1 and (x?1)?y?(2x+1) or R?Si(OR?)3 or R?Si(R?)3 where R??Cx?Hy? where x??1 and (x??1)?y??(2x?+1)], and optionally from at least one promoter element from group VIII. Said precursors are deposited onto an oxide support which is suitable for the process in which it is used, said catalyst being dried at a temperature of less than 200° C. then advantageously being sulphurized before being deployed in said process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 28, 2014
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    Inventors: Thibault ALPHAZAN, Audrey BONDUELLE, Christele LEGENS, Pascal RAYBAUD, Christophe COPERET
  • Patent number: 8809216
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst for converting inferior acid-containing crude oil. Based on the total amount of the catalyst, said catalyst comprises from 1 to 50 wt % of a mesopore material, from 1 to 60 wt % of molecular sieves and from 5 to 98 wt % of thermotolerant inorganic oxides and from 0 to 70 wt % of clays. Said mesopore material is an amorphous material containing alkaline earth oxide, silica and alumina, and has an anhydrous chemical formula of (0-0.3)Na2O.(1-50)MO.(6-58)Al2O3.(40-92)SiO2, based on the weight percent of the oxides, wherein M is one or more selected from Mg, Ca and Ba. Said mesopore material has a specific surface area of 200-400 m2/g, a pore volume of 0.5-2.0 ml/g, an average pore diameter of 8-20 nm, and a most probable pore size of 5-15 nm. The catalyst provided in the present invention is suitable for the catalytic conversion of crude oil having a total acid number of greater than 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignees: China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation, Research Institute of Petroleum Processing, Sinopec
    Inventors: Jun Long, Jiushun Zhang, Huiping Tian, Yuxia Zhu
  • Patent number: 8758598
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon conversion catalyst comprising a modified beta zeolite, an amorphous inorganic oxide and a hydrogenation component wherein the said catalyst support has an NH3-AI of less than 3.5 and/or an IEC-AI of less than 3.7.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Haldor Topsoe A/S
    Inventors: Jens A. Hansen, Niels J. Blom, Birgitte R. Byberg, John W. Ward
  • Patent number: 8702970
    Abstract: A method for hydroprocessing a hydrocarbon feedstock is provided. The method comprises contacting the feedstock with a catalyst under hydroprocessing conditions, wherein the catalyst is formed by sulfiding an unsupported catalyst precursor of the general formula Av[(MP) (OH)x (L)ny]z (MVIBO4), wherein MP is selected from Group VIII, Group IIB, Group IIA, Group IVA and combinations thereof; L is one or more oxygen-containing ligands, and L has a neutral or negative charge n<=0, MVIB is at least a Group VIB metal having an oxidation state of +6; MP:MVIB has an atomic ratio between 100:1 and 1:100; v?2+P*z?x*z+n*y*z=0; and 0?y??P/n; 0?x?P; 0?v?2; 0?z. In one embodiment, the catalyst precursor further comprises a cellulose-containing material. In another embodiment, the catalyst precursor further comprises at least a diluent (binder). In one embodiment, the diluent is a magnesium aluminosilicate clay.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Theodorus Ludovicus Michael Maesen, Alexander E. Kuperman
  • Patent number: 8632674
    Abstract: The present invention provides a catalyst mixture comprising FCC catalysts and a metal passivator/trap and use thereof in trapping metal contaminants during the catalytic cracking of hydrocarbon feedstocks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Bram Willem Hoffer, David Matheson Stockwell
  • Patent number: 8597497
    Abstract: A process for treating a hydrocarbon-containing feedstock is provided in which a hydrocarbon-containing feed comprising at least 20 wt. % of heavy hydrocarbons is mixed with hydrogen and at least one catalyst to produce a hydrocarbon-containing product. The hydrocarbon-containing feedstock, the catalyst(s), and the hydrogen are provided to a mixing zone and blended in the mixing zone at a temperature of from 375° C. to 500° C. A vapor comprised of hydrocarbons that are vaporizable at the temperature and pressure within the mixing zone is separated from the mixing zone, and, apart from the mixing zone, the vapor is condensed to produce a liquid hydrocarbon-containing product containing at least 85% of the atomic carbon initially present in the hydrocarbon-containing feedstock and containing at most 2 wt. % hydrocarbons having a boiling point of at least 538° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Stanley Nemec Milam, Michael Anthony Reynolds, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Patent number: 8597498
    Abstract: A process for treating a hydrocarbon-containing feedstock is provided in which a hydrocarbon-containing feed comprising at least 20 wt. % of heavy hydrocarbons is mixed with hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide, and a metal-containing catalyst to produce a hydrocarbon-containing product. The hydrocarbon-containing feedstock, the catalyst(s), the hydrogen sulfide, and the hydrogen are provided to a mixing zone and blended in the mixing zone at a temperature of from 375° C. to 500° C. and a total pressure of from 6.9 MPa to 27.5 MPa, where hydrogen sulfide is provided at a mole ratio of hydrogen sulfide to hydrogen of at least 0.5:9.5 and the combined hydrogen sulfide and hydrogen partial pressures provide at least 60% of the total pressure. A vapor comprised of hydrocarbons that are vaporizable at the temperature and pressure within the mixing zone is separated from the mixing zone, and, apart from the mixing zone, the vapor may be condensed to produce a liquid hydrocarbon-containing product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Stanley Nemec Milam, Michael Anthony Reynolds, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Patent number: 8597499
    Abstract: A process for treating a hydrocarbon-containing feedstock is provided in which a hydrocarbon-containing feed comprising at least 20 wt. % of heavy hydrocarbons is mixed with hydrogen and at least one metal-containing catalyst to produce a hydrocarbon-containing product. The hydrocarbon-containing feedstock, the catalyst(s), and the hydrogen are provided to a mixing zone and blended in the mixing zone at a temperature of from 375° C. to 500° C. and a total pressure of from 6.9 MPa to 27.5 MPa. A vapor comprised of hydrocarbons that are vaporizable at the temperature and pressure within the mixing zone is separated from the mixing zone. Any metal-containing catalyst provided to the mixing zone has an acidity as measured by ammonia chemisorption of at most 200 ?mol ammonia per gram of catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Reynolds, Stanley Nemec Milam, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Patent number: 8597496
    Abstract: A process for treating a hydrocarbon-containing feedstock is provided in which a hydrocarbon-containing feed comprising at least 20 wt. % of heavy hydrocarbons is mixed with hydrogen and at least one catalyst to produce a hydrocarbon-containing product. The hydrocarbon-containing feedstock, the catalyst(s), and the hydrogen are provided to a mixing zone and blended in the mixing zone at a temperature of from 375° C. to 500° C. A vapor comprised of hydrocarbons that are vaporizable at the temperature and pressure within the mixing zone is separated from the mixing zone, and, apart from the mixing zone, the vapor is condensed to produce a liquid hydrocarbon-containing product. The hydrocarbon-containing feedstock is continuously or intermittently provided to the mixing zone at a rate of at least 350 kg/hr per m3 of the mixture volume in the mixing zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Reynolds, Stanley Nemec Milam, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Patent number: 8574460
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for producing a mixture of CO and H2 (syn-gas). The method comprises contacting particles containing a coke deposit with oxygenated molecules derived from biomass. In a preferred embodiment the particles are catalyst particles. The method may be carried out in the regenerator of a conventional fluid catalyst cracking (FCC) unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: KiOR, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul O'Connor, Avelino Corma Camos, George W. Huber
  • Patent number: 8500992
    Abstract: A process for treating a hydrocarbon-containing feed is provided in which a hydrocarbon-containing feed comprising at least 20 wt. % of heavy hydrocarbons is mixed with hydrogen and a catalyst to produce a hydrocarbon-containing product. The catalyst is comprised of a material comprised of a first metal and a second metal, where the first metal is selected from the group consisting of Cu, Fe, Bi, Ag, Mn, Zn, Sn, Ru, La, Pr, Sm, Eu, Yb, Lu, Dy, Pb, and Sb and the second metal is Mo, W, V, Sn, and Sb.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Reynolds, Stanley Nemec Milam, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Patent number: 8496803
    Abstract: A process for treating a hydrocarbon-containing feed is provided in which a hydrocarbon-containing feed comprising at least 20 wt. % of heavy hydrocarbons is mixed with hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide, and a catalyst to produce a hydrocarbon-containing product. The catalyst is comprised of a tetrathiometallate material comprised of a first metal and a second metal, where the first metal is selected from the group consisting of Cu, Fe, Ni, Co, Bi, Ag, Mn, Zn, Sn, Ru, La, Pr, Sm, Eu, Yb, Lu, Dy, Pb, and Sb and the second metal is Mo, W, V, Sn, and Sb.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Reynolds, Stanley Nemec Milam, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Patent number: 8491784
    Abstract: A process for treating a hydrocarbon-containing feed is provided in which a hydrocarbon-containing feed comprising at least 20 wt. % of heavy hydrocarbons is mixed with hydrogen and a catalyst to produce a hydrocarbon-containing product. The catalyst is prepared by mixing a first salt and a second salt in an aqueous mixture under anaerobic conditions at a temperature of from 15° C. to 150° C., where the first salt comprises a cationic component in any non-zero oxidation state selected from the group consisting of Cu, Fe, Ag, Co, Mn, Ru, La, Ce, Pr, Sm, Eu, Yb, Lu, Dy, Ni, Zn, Bi, Sn, Pb, and Sb, and where the second salt comprises an anionic component selected from the group consisting of MoS42?, WS42?, SnS44?, and SbS43.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Reynolds, Stanley Nemec Milam, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Patent number: 8491782
    Abstract: A process for treating a hydrocarbon-containing feed is provided in which a hydrocarbon-containing feed comprising at least 20 wt. % of heavy hydrocarbons is mixed with hydrogen and a catalyst to produce a hydrocarbon-containing product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Reynolds, Stanley Nemec Milam, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Patent number: 8491783
    Abstract: A process for treating a hydrocarbon-containing feed in which a hydrocarbon-containing feed comprising at least 20 wt. % of heavy hydrocarbons is mixed with hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide, and a catalyst to produce a hydrocarbon-containing product, where hydrogen sulfide is provided at a mole ratio relative to hydrogen of at least 0.5:9.5. The catalyst is comprised of a bimetallic tetrathiometallate material comprised of a first metal and a second metal, where the first metal is selected from the group consisting of Cu, Fe, Ni, Co, Bi, Ag, Mn, Zn, Sn, Ru, La, Ce, Pr, Sm, Eu, Yb, Lu, Dy, Ph, and Sb and the second metal is Mo, W, V, Sn, and Sb.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Stanley Nemec Milam, Michael Anthony Reynolds, Scott-Lee Wellington
  • Patent number: 8449762
    Abstract: A sulfur reduction catalyst useful to reduce the levels of sulfur in a cracked gasoline product comprises a metal vanadate compound. The metal vanadate compound can be supported on a molecular sieve such as a zeolite in which the metal vanadate compound is primarily located on the exterior surface of the pore structure of the zeolite and on the surface of any matrix material used to bind or support the zeolite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Xingtao Gao, James Fu
  • Patent number: 8372269
    Abstract: A metal trap particle used for passivation of metals during FCC cracking comprises a calcined spray dried particle formed from kaolin, magnesium oxide or magnesium hydroxide and calcium carbonate. The metal trap particle contains at least 10 wt. % magnesium oxide which improves metals passivation during FCC cracking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Mitchell James Willis, Kenneth Warren Folmar
  • Patent number: 8362312
    Abstract: A method of converting at least one first alkane to a mixture of at least one low molecular weight alkane (optionally also including additional lower and/or higher molecular weight alkanes) and at least one high molecular weight alkane, comprises: reacting a first alkane in the presence of dual catalyst system comprising a first catalyst (i.e., a hydrogen transfer catalyst) and a second catalyst (i.e., a metathesis catalyst) to produce a mixture of low and high molecular weight alkanes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    Inventors: Maurice Brookhart, Alan Goldman, Emily Carson, Zheng Huang, Sabuj Kumar Kundu
  • Patent number: 8337803
    Abstract: Compositions and methods suitable for removing poisonous metals from hydrocarbons are provided. The compositions comprise hydrotalcite having one or more trapping metals dispersed on the outer surface thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: Albemarle Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Julie Ann Francis, Charles Vadovic
  • Publication number: 20120318714
    Abstract: Heavy crude oil residue and vacuum residue is upgraded using an ionic liquid catalyst formulated with metals of Group VIB and VIIIB of the periodic table, which catalyst is highly miscible in the hydrocarbon phase. The combination of different metals and acidity from the protons that make up the ionic liquid breaks the links C—S, C—N and C—O of the resins and asphaltenes and increases API gravity, decreases viscosity, removes sulfur and nitrogen compounds, and results in conversion of 50 to 70% of the waste oil and heavy crude oil into lighter distillates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2012
    Publication date: December 20, 2012
    Applicant: INSTITUTO MEXICANO DEL PETROLEO
    Inventors: Felipe de Jesús Ortega García, Persi Schacht Harnández, Marco Antonio Ramírez Garnica, Natalya Victorovna Likhanova, Joaquín Rodolfo Hernández Pérez, Ricardo Jesús Ramírez López
  • Patent number: 8318101
    Abstract: The invention relates to an oil-derived hydrocarbon converter comprising a catalytic cracking vessel (1) in the presence of catalyst particles in fluidized phase and a regenerator, for regenerating said catalyst particles by burning off the coke deposited on them, said catalyst circulating between said cracking vessel and said regenerator, said regenerator being a reactor (2) integrated into a combustion installation for steam generation comprising carbon dioxide capture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: ALSTOM Technology Ltd
    Inventors: Jean-Xavier Morin, Corinne Beal, Silvestre Suraniti
  • Patent number: 8318000
    Abstract: A method of producing a crude product from a hydrocarbon feed is provided. A hydrocarbon feed is contacted with a catalyst containing a Col. 6-10 metal or compound thereof to produce the crude product, where the catalyst has a pore size distribution with a median pore diameter ranging from 105 ? to 150 ?, with 60% of the total number of pores in the pore size distribution having a pore diameter within 60 ? of the median pore diameter, with at least 50% of its pore volume in pores having a pore diameter of at most 600 ?, and between 5% and 25% of its pore volume in pores having a pore diameter between 1000 ? and 5000 ?.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Opinder Kishan Bhan, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Patent number: 8278235
    Abstract: A cracking catalyst contains a substantially inert core and an active shell, the active shell containing a zeolite catalyst and a matrix. The catalyst is formed by spray-drying a slurry containing water, substantially inert microspheres and a zeolite precursor and crystallizing zeolite in the active shell to create the cracking catalyst. Methods of using the cracking catalyst are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2012
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: David Matheson Stockwell, John M. Macaoay
  • Patent number: 8273937
    Abstract: Methods for producing in a reactor natural gas from heavy hydrocarbons. A mixture of heavy hydrocarbons and a catalyst comprising a transition metal are heated under an anoxic condition in a reactor. Natural gas, e.g., catalytic natural gas, is generated from the heavy hydrocarbons by a disproportionation reaction promoted by the catalyst. The anoxic condition can be created by flowing an anoxic stimulation gas in the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: Petroleum Habitats, LLC
    Inventor: Frank D. Mango
  • Publication number: 20120222991
    Abstract: Novel catalytic compositions for cracking of crude oil fractions are disclosed. The catalytic compositions comprise a basic material. When used in a cracking process, preferably a FCC process, the resulting LCO and HCO fractions have desirably low aromatics levels. Further disclosed is a one-stage FCC process using the catalytic composition of the invention. Also disclosed is a two-stage FCC process for maximizing the LCO yield.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2012
    Publication date: September 6, 2012
    Applicant: ALBEMARLE NETHERLANDS B.V.
    Inventors: PAUL O'CONNOR, KING YEN YUNG, AVELINO CORMA CANOS, ELBERT ARJAN DE GRAAF, ERJA PÄIVI HELENA RAUTIAINEN
  • Patent number: 8241489
    Abstract: Contact of a crude feed with one or more catalysts produces a total product that includes a crude product. The crude feed has a total content of alkali metal, and alkaline-earth metal, in metal salts of organic acids of at least 0.00001 grams per gram of crude feed. The crude product is a liquid mixture at 25° C. and 0.101 MPa. Contacting conditions are controlled such that the liquid hourly space velocity in a contacting zone is over 10 h?1 and the crude product has a total content of alkali metal, and alkaline-earth metal, in metal salts of organic acids of at most 90% of the total content of alkali metal, and alkaline-earth metal, in metal salts of organic acids of the crude feed. One or more other properties of the crude product may be changed by at least 10% relative to the respective properties of the crude feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Opinder Kishan Bhan, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Patent number: 8226817
    Abstract: Crude oil is reacted with a methane-containing gas in a process wherein the gas is fed to a reaction vessel to contact both the crude oil and a metallic catalyst grid that is formed from windings of a transition metal supported on an iron frame immersed in a liquid petroleum fraction, at a moderate temperature to produce a gaseous reaction product which is condensed to form an upgraded mixture of hydrocarbons with a variety of uses, including serving as an additive to crude oil for transport purposes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Inventors: Rudolf W. Gunnerman, Peter W. Gunnerman
  • Patent number: 8206575
    Abstract: A process for upgrading a hydrocarbon feedstock by hydroprocessing using multi-metallic catalysts is disclosed. In one aspect, the invention relates to hydroprocessing of a hydrocarbon feedstock using a catalyst derived from a catalyst precursor of the formula Av[(MP)(OH)x(L)ny]z(MVIBO4), wherein A comprises an alkali metal cation, an ammonium, an organic ammonium or a phosphonium cation, MP is selected from Group VIII, Group IIB, Group IIA, Group IVA and combinations thereof, L is an organic, oxygen-containing ligand, MVIB is at least one of Group VIB metals, and the atomic ratio of MVIII:MVIB is between 100:1 and 1:100.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Theodorus Ludovicus Michael Maesen, Alexander E. Kuperman
  • Patent number: 8202815
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a catalyst composition comprises from about 5 weight percent to about 70 weight percent of silica-alumina; from about 30 weight percent to about 90 weight percent alumina; and from about 0.01 weight percent to about 2.0 weight percent of a group VIII metal. In another embodiment, a method for processing hydrocarbons comprises hydro-treating the hydrocarbons in the presence of a catalyst composition, wherein the catalyst comprises from about 5 weight percent to about 70 weight percent silica-alumina; from about 30 weight percent to about 90 weight percent alumina; and from about 0.01 weight percent to about 2.0 weight percent of a group VIII metal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2012
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Gregg Anthony Deluga, Daniel Lawrence Derr
  • Publication number: 20120118793
    Abstract: The present invention provides a catalyst mixture comprising FCC catalysts and a metal passivator/trap and use thereof in trapping metal contaminants during the catalytic cracking of hydrocarbon feedstocks.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 16, 2010
    Publication date: May 17, 2012
    Applicant: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Bram Willem Hoffer, David Matheson Stockwell
  • Patent number: 8173567
    Abstract: Disclosed is a catalyst distributor and process for spreading catalyst over a regenerator vessel. Nozzles disposed angular to a header of the distributor spread catalyst throughout a full cross section of the catalyst bed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Paolo Palmas, Lawrence A. Lacijan, Sujay R. Krishnamurthy, Mohammad-Reza Mostofi-Ashtiani, Paul S. Nishimura, Lisa M. Wolschlag
  • Patent number: 8163169
    Abstract: A catalyst precursor composition and methods for making such a catalyst precursor are disclosed. The catalyst precursor comprises at least a promoter metal selected from Group VIII, Group IIB, Group IIA, Group IVA and combinations thereof, having an oxidation state of +2 or +4, at least one Group VIB metal, at least one organic, oxygen-containing ligand, and a cellulose-containing material. In one embodiment, the catalyst precursor is of the formula Av[(MP) (OH)x (L)ny]z (MVIBO4), wherein A is one or more monovalent cationic species, MP is selected from Group VIII, Group IIB, Group IIA, Group IVA and combinations thereof, L is one or more oxygen-containing ligands, MVIB is at least a Group VIB metal, MP:MVIB has an atomic ratio between 100:1 and 1:100. In one embodiment, catalysts prepared from the sulfidation of such catalyst precursors are used in the hydroprocessing of hydrocarbon feeds. In a hydroconversion process at a hydrogen partial pressure of ˜450 psig, the catalyst a 700° F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2012
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Theodorus Ludovicus Michael Maesen, Alexander E. Kuperman, Bi-Zeng Zhang, Andrew Rainis
  • Patent number: 8123931
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst for hydrocarbon steam cracking for the production of light olefin, a preparation method of the catalyst and a preparation method of olefin by using the same. More precisely, the present invention relates to a composite catalyst prepared by mixing the oxide catalyst powder represented by CrZrjAkOx (0.5?j?120, 0?k?50, A is a transition metal, x is the number satisfying the condition according to valences of Cr, Zr and A, and values of j and k) and carrier powder and sintering thereof, a composite catalyst wherein the oxide catalyst is impregnated on a carrier, and a method of preparing light olefin such as ethylene and propylene by hydrocarbon steam cracking in the presence of the composite catalyst. The composite catalyst of the present invention has excellent thermal/mechanical stability in the cracking process, and has less inactivation rate by coke and significantly increases light olefin yield.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2012
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jun-han Kang, Jong-hun Song, Jun-seon Choi, Byoung-gi Park, Chang-hoon Kang, Si-hyun Noh
  • Patent number: 8110092
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for recovery power from an FCC product. Gaseous hydrocarbon product from an FCC reactor is heat exchanged with a heat exchange media which is delivered to an expander to generate power. Cycle oil from product fractionation may be added to the gaseous FCC product to wash away coke precursors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2012
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: John A. Petri
  • Publication number: 20120000821
    Abstract: A method to reduce metal deposit in the hydroprocessing or upgrade of heavy oil feedstock is provided. The method comprises feeding an improved catalyst feed to the system, with the improved catalyst feed comprising a fresh slurry catalyst and a deoiled spent catalyst, with the deoiled spent catalyst being present in an amount of at least 10% the catalyst feed for the heavy oil upgrade system to have at least a 5% reduction in metal contaminant build-up compared to heavy oil upgrade system without the deoiled spent catalyst in the feed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2011
    Publication date: January 5, 2012
    Applicant: Chevron Corporation
    Inventors: Shuwu Yang, Julie Chabot, Bruce Edward Reynolds, Bo Kou
  • Patent number: 8062505
    Abstract: A process and apparatus is disclosed for converting heavy hydrocarbon feed into lighter hydrocarbon products. The heavy hydrocarbon feed is slurried with a catalyst comprising iron oxide and alumina to form a heavy hydrocarbon slurry and hydrocracked to produce lighter hydrocarbons. Performance of the iron oxide and alumina catalyst at high mean particle diameters is comparable to performance at low mean particle diameters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2011
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Alakananda Bhattacharyya, Maureen L. Bricker, Beckay J. Mezza, Lorenz J. Bauer
  • Publication number: 20110230691
    Abstract: The invention describes a heteropolycompound constituted by a nickel salt of a lacunary Keggin type heteropolyanion comprising tungsten in its structure, with formula: Nix+y/2AW11-yO39-5/2y,zH2O wherein Ni is nickel, A is selected from phosphorus, silicon and boron, W is tungsten, O is oxygen, y=0 or 2, x=3.5 if A is phosphorus, x=4 if A is silicon, x=4.5 if A is boron, and x=m/2+2 for the rest, and z is a number in the range 0 to 36, in which said heteropolycompound has no nickel atom in substitution for a tungsten atom in its structure, said nickel atoms being placed in the counter-ion position in the structure of said compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2009
    Publication date: September 22, 2011
    Inventors: Audrey Bonduelle, Fabrice Bertoncini, Karima Ben Tayeb, Carole Lamonier, Michel Fournier, Edmond Payen
  • Patent number: 8021642
    Abstract: A porous crystalline composition having a molar composition as follows: YO2:m X2O3:n ZO, wherein Y is a tetravalent element selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, tin, titanium and combinations thereof, X is a trivalent element selected from the group consisting of aluminum, gallium, boron, iron and combinations thereof, Z is a divalent element selected from the group consisting of magnesium, zinc, cobalt, manganese, nickel and combinations thereof, m is between about 0 and about 0.5, n is between about 0 and about 0.5; and the composition has an x-ray diffraction pattern which distinguishes it from the materials. A process for making the composition, and a process using the composition to treat an organic compound are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Assignee: Intevep, S.A.
    Inventors: Andres Quesada Perez, Gerardo Vitale Rojas
  • Patent number: 8022003
    Abstract: A porous crystalline composition having a molar composition as follows: YO2:m X2O3:n ZO, wherein Y is a tetravalent element selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, tin, titanium and combinations thereof, X is a trivalent element selected from the group consisting of aluminum, gallium, boron, iron and combinations thereof, Z is a divalent element selected from the group consisting of magnesium, zinc, cobalt, manganese, nickel and combinations thereof, m is between about 0 and about 0.5, n is between about 0 and about 0.5; and the composition has an x-ray diffraction pattern which distinguishes it from the materials. A process for making the composition, and a process using the composition to treat an organic compound are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Assignee: Intevep, S.A.
    Inventors: Andres Quesada Perez, Gerardo Vitale Rojas