Catalytic Patents (Class 208/113)
  • Patent number: 11071960
    Abstract: The invention relates to a reaction container for stabilizing the temperature of a liquid mixture substances, the reaction container comprising an upper container part and a lower container part, in which the lower container part has an inner direct means of refrigeration and an outer indirect means of refrigeration in addition to an inner, direct means of heating and an outer, indirect means of heating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2021
    Assignee: INNOIL AG
    Inventors: Kurt Böhme, Pierre Freymond
  • Patent number: 11059013
    Abstract: A method for processing a chemical stream includes contacting a feed stream with a catalyst in an upstream reactor section of a reactor having the upstream reactor section and a downstream reactor section, passing an intermediate product stream to the downstream reactor section, and introducing a riser quench fluid into the downstream reactor section, upstream reactor section, or transition section and into contact with the intermediate product stream and the catalyst to slow or stop the reaction. The method includes separating at least a portion of the catalyst from the product stream, passing the product stream to a product processing section, cooling the product stream, and separating a portion of the riser quench fluid from the product stream. The riser quench fluid separated from the product stream may be recycled back to the downstream reactor section, upstream reactor section, or transition section as the riser quench fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2021
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventor: Matthew T. Pretz
  • Patent number: 11052366
    Abstract: An erosion monitoring system of components exposed to wear for use in systems equipped with a fluidized catalyst comprising a bundle of fiber optic sensors, said optical fibers being provided with one or more Bragg gratings, a processing unit and the fiber optic sensors depart off from the bundle and are positioned transversely to the wall exposed to erosion wear due to the erosion of the components to be monitored.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2021
    Assignee: Remosa S.r.l.
    Inventor: Cristian Argiolas
  • Patent number: 11042170
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for reducing pressure of a flue gas stream including passing a pressurized flue gas stream to a vessel and through a bed of particulates in the vessel to reduce the pressure of the flue gas stream. The flue gas passes from the vessel at a lower pressure than at which it entered. The bed of particulates is disposed in the vessel between the outlet end of the inlet conduit and the inlet end of the outlet conduit. If deposits develop in the bed of particulates, the particulates can be replaced with fresh particulates to avoid excessive pressure drop. Data may be received from a stream in fluid communication with the foregoing process and apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2021
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Sujay R. Krishnamurthy, Paolo Palmas, Thomas W. Lorsbach
  • Patent number: 11022963
    Abstract: A petrochemical plant or refinery may include equipment such as pumps, compressors, valves, exchangers, columns, adsorbers, or the like. Some petrochemical plants or refineries may include one or more sensors configured to collect operation information of the equipment in the plant or refinery. A faulty condition of a process of the petrochemical plant may be diagnosed based on the operation of the plant equipment. A diagnostic system, which may receive operation information from the one or more sensors, may include a detection platform, an analysis platform, a visualization platform, and/or an alert platform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2021
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Christophe Romatier, Ian G. Horn, Paul Kowalczyk, Zak Alzein, David Rondeau
  • Patent number: 10967351
    Abstract: A fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) for production of petrochemical feedstock fractions comprises a first reactor to receive a stream of desalinated crude oil and produce a first cracked product stream; a second reactor to receive a stream of light cracked naphtha (LCN) and produce a second cracked product stream; a third reactor to receive a bottom stream and produce a third cracked product stream; and a fractionating column and gas concentration section to separate components of the first cracked product stream, the second cracked product stream, and the third cracked product stream to produce, upon further fractionation, Ethylene, Propylene, Butylene, Benzene, Toluene and Xylene as the petrochemical feedstock fractions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2021
    Assignee: Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited
    Inventors: Pramod Kumar, Hrishikesh Shriram Shidhaye, Peddy Vendata Chalapathi Rao, Sri Ganesh Gandham
  • Patent number: 10962302
    Abstract: A plant or refinery may include equipment such as reactors, heaters, heat exchangers, regenerators, separators, or the like. Types of heat exchangers include shell and tube, plate, plate and shell, plate fin, air cooled, wetted-surface air cooled, or the like. Operating methods may impact deterioration in equipment condition, prolong equipment life, extend production operating time, or provide other benefits. Mechanical or digital sensors may be used for monitoring equipment, and sensor data may be programmatically analyzed to identify developing problems. For example, sensors may be used in conjunction with one or more system components to detect and correct maldistribution, cross-leakage, strain, pre-leakage, thermal stresses, fouling, vibration, problems in liquid lifting, conditions that can affect air-cooled exchangers, conditions that can affect a wetted-surface air-cooled heat exchanger, or the like. An operating condition or mode may be adjusted to prolong equipment life or avoid equipment failure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2021
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Sanford Allan Victor, Phillip F. Daly, Ian G. Horn
  • Patent number: 10953377
    Abstract: A chemical plant or a petrochemical plant or a refinery may include one or more pieces of equipment that process one or more input chemicals to create one or more products. For example, catalytic dehydrogenation can be used to convert paraffins to the corresponding olefin. A delta temperature controller may determine and control differential temperature across the reactor, and use a delta temperature to control a set point for a heater temperature controller. By doing so, the plant may ramp up a catalytic dehydrogenation unit faster and ensure it does not coke up the catalyst and/or foul a screens too quickly. Catalyst activity may be taken into account and allow the plant to have better control over production and run length of the unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Louis A. Lattanzio, Christopher Schindlbeck
  • Patent number: 10953386
    Abstract: An activated carbon-based media for efficient removal of chloramines as well as chlorine and ammonia from an aqueous stream is presented, and a method for making the same. The method involves preparing activated carbon that removes chloramines efficiently from chloramine-rich aqueous media. In particular, this application relates to the use of high performance catalytically active carbon for an efficient removal of chloramine from drinking water in the form of a solid carbon block or granular carbon media. The activated carbon is treated with a nitrogen-rich compound, such as, melamine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: Mannon Water (Singapore) PTE. LTD.
    Inventors: Nabin Kumar Pal, Ramachandra Swamy, Sridhar Chowdasandra, Jola Solomon
  • Patent number: 10940460
    Abstract: An intercalated, modified and calcined smectite clay comprising (a) pillars comprising aluminum and: (i) at least one rare earth or lanthanide group metal; or (ii) at least one rare earth or lanthanide group metal and gallium; and (b) at least one ion-exchanged metal selected from the group consisting of aluminum, barium, beryllium, calcium, cerium, cesium, copper, chromium, gadolinium, gallium, germanium, hafnium, holmium, iron (II and III), lanthanum, lithium, magnesium, manganese, neodymium, potassium, praseodymium, rubidium, samarium, silver, selenium, sodium, strontium, tellurium, terbium, thallium, thorium, tin, titanium, uranium, ytterbium, yttrium, zinc and zirconium; wherein the clay is characterized by a basal d001 spacing equal to or greater than about 18.5 angstroms; and processes for making.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Assignee: W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn.
    Inventors: Michael D. Jensen, John Robert McCauley, Andrew G. Singleton, Demetrius Michos
  • Patent number: 10913905
    Abstract: Systems and methods are disclosed for managing the operation of a plant, such as a chemical plant or a petrochemical plant or a refinery, and more particularly for enhancing system performance of a catalyzed reaction system by, among other features, detecting catalyst deactivation and cycle length. Plants may include those that provide hydrocarbon cracking or other process units. A plant may include a reactor, a heater, a catalyst bed, a separator, and other equipment. The equipment may use catalyst to treat feed products to remove compounds and produce different products. Catalysts used in the various reactors in these processes become deactivated over time. Systems and methods are disclosed for extending catalyst life and thereby improving efficiency of the plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2021
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Mahesh Kumar Gellaboina, Michael Terry, Seth Huber, Danielle Schindlbeck
  • Patent number: 10899972
    Abstract: A method for fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) of petroleum oil feedstock includes reacting the petroleum oil feedstock with a catalyst mixture in a reaction zone of an FCC unit to obtain a product stream including desulfurized hydrocarbon product, unreacted petroleum oil feedstock, and spent catalyst. During the reacting a process control system develops a process model based on data collected during the reacting, the process model characterizing a relationship among the feed rate of the base cracking catalyst, the feed rate of the FCC additive, the operating conditions, the composition of the product stream, and emissions from the reaction; and one or more of (i) a target feed rate of the base cracking catalyst, (ii) a target feed rate of the FCC additive, and (iii) one or more target operating conditions of the reaction in the reaction zone to reduce the emissions from the FCC unit and to increase a yield of the desulfurized hydrocarbon product in the product stream are determined.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2021
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Saeed Al-Alloush, Othman Taha
  • Patent number: 10901403
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and apparatuses for developing linear process models to improve performance of components that make up operations in a plant are described herein. In some arrangements, a system may leverage one or more sensors and/or measurement devices to identify rates and compositions of feed and yield. The system may use one or more stoichiometric matrices and/or differential equations to identify molar and mass solutions for each feed component and predict the yield for reaction rates on a component-by-component basis. The system may further adjust the reaction rate coefficients to minimize the deviation between the yield results and the yield identified by system sensors and/or measuring devices. The resulting linear process models may be utilized to optimize plant processes in order to minimize reaction waste and maximize reaction yield.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2021
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Joel Joshua Kaye
  • Patent number: 10889768
    Abstract: Systems and processes are disclosed for producing petrochemical products, such as ethylene, propene and other olefins from crude oil in high severity fluid catalytic cracking (HSFCC) units. Processes include separating a crude oil into a light fraction and a heavy fraction, cracking the light fraction and heavy fraction in separation cracking reaction zones, and regenerating the cracking catalysts in a two-zone regenerator having a first regeneration zone for the first catalyst (heavy fraction) and a second regeneration zone for the second catalyst (light fraction) separate from the first regeneration zone. Flue gas from the first catalyst regeneration zone is passed to the second regeneration zone to provide additional heat to raise the temperature of the second catalyst of the light fraction side. The disclosed systems and processes enable different catalysts and operating conditions to be utilized for the light fraction and the heavy fraction of a crude oil feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2021
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Abdennour Bourane, Raed Abudawoud, Ibrahim Abba
  • Patent number: 10870802
    Abstract: Methods for operating a system having two downflow high-severity FCC units for producing products from a hydrocarbon feed includes introducing the hydrocarbon feed to a feed separator and separating it into a lesser boiling point fraction and a greater boiling point fraction. The greater boiling point fraction is passed to the first FCC unit and cracked in the presence of a first catalyst at 500° C. to 700° C. to produce a first cracking reaction product and a spent first catalyst. The lesser boiling point fraction is passed to the second FCC unit and cracked in the presence of a second catalyst at 500° C. to 700° C. to produce a second cracking reaction product and a spent second catalyst. At least a portion of the spent first catalyst or the spent second catalyst is passed back to the first FCC unit, the second FCC unit or both.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2020
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Sameer A. Al-Ghamdi, Saad Al-Bogami, Abdennour Bourane
  • Patent number: 10865744
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for a mixer. In one example, a system may include an EGR mixing having a downstream surface with a plurality of venturi tubes extending therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2020
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Xiaogang Zhang
  • Patent number: 10851041
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a fouling-resistant system for the manufacture of a compound by distillation, the system including a reactant heating zone; a distillation column in fluid communication with the reactant heating zone wherein the distillation column comprises a plurality of distillation trays for removing by-products from the reactants, and wherein at least 20% of the plurality of distillation trays are baffle trays arranged in a staggered configuration; where each tray contacts an opposing portion of an inner wall of the distillation column from a portion contacted by a tray located above the tray and below the tray; and wherein the baffle trays are disposed in a lower portion of the distillation column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Bruce S. Holden, John W. Wilchek, Jr.
  • Patent number: 10844294
    Abstract: An integrated process catalytically cracks whole light crude oil into light olefins, especially propylene and ethylene. The process is integrated with an adjacent conventional fluid catalytic cracking unit whereby the heavy liquid product mixture (light and heavy cycle oils) from whole crude oil cracking is mixed with vacuum gas oil (VGO) for further processing. The process comprises recycling total product fraction of light cracked naphtha (LCN) and mixing with fresh crude oil feed. High propylene and ethylene yields are obtained by cracking the whole light crude oil and LCN in an FCC configuration using a mixture of FCC catalyst and ZSM-5 additive at a temperature between, that of conventional FCC and steam cracking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2020
    Assignee: King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
    Inventors: Abdullah Mohammed Aitani, Sulaiman Saleh Al-Khattaf, Akram Abdulhakeem Al-Absi
  • Patent number: 10839115
    Abstract: A cleansing system for improving operation of a petrochemical plant or refinery. The petrochemical plant or refinery may include a fractionation column, a condenser, and a pump. Equipment, such as condensers, receivers, reboilers, feed exchangers, and pumps may be divided into subsections. Temperatures, pressures, flows, and other plant operations may be used for optimizing plant performance. A cleansing unit performs an enhanced cleansing process, which may allow early detection and diagnosis of the plant operating conditions based on one or more environmental factors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Ian G. Horn, Christophe Romatier, Paul Kowalczyk, Zak Alzein
  • Patent number: 10807076
    Abstract: This application discloses a mesoporous catalyst formed by combining a matrix precursor treated with a polyphosphate, and a metallic oxide treated with a cationic electrolyte. The combined treatment with the polyphosphate and cationic polyelectrolyte yields unexpected improvements in attrition resistance, while maintaining high overall pore volume, even as the ratio of meso pore volume to macro pore volume of the formed FCC catalyst increases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Michael Sigman, Charles Keweshan, Mitchell Willis
  • Patent number: 10794644
    Abstract: A plant or refinery may include equipment such as reactors, heaters, heat exchangers, regenerators, separators, or the like. Types of heat exchangers include shell and tube, plate, plate and shell, plate fin, air cooled, wetted-surface air cooled, or the like. Operating methods may impact deterioration in equipment condition, prolong equipment life, extend production operating time, or provide other benefits. Mechanical or digital sensors may be used for monitoring equipment, and sensor data may be programmatically analyzed to identify developing problems. For example, sensors may be used in conjunction with one or more system components to detect and correct maldistribution, cross-leakage, strain, pre-leakage, thermal stresses, fouling, vibration, problems in liquid lifting, conditions that can affect air-cooled exchangers, conditions that can affect a wetted-surface air-cooled heat exchanger, or the like. An operating condition or mode may be adjusted to prolong equipment life or avoid equipment failure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Sanford Allan Victor, Phillip F. Daly, Ian G. Horn
  • Patent number: 10781377
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for catalytically cracking fresh heavy hydrocarbon feed to produce cracked products is disclosed. A fraction of the cracked products can be obtained to re-crack it in a downer reactor. The downer reactor may produce high selectivity to light olefins. Spent catalyst from both reactors can be regenerated in the same regenerator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: James M. Bell, Dharmesh C. Panchal
  • Patent number: 10751684
    Abstract: A counter-current catalyst regenerator with at least two stages of counter-current contact along with a regenerator riser is proposed. Each stage may comprise a permeable barrier that allows upward passage of oxygen-containing gas and downward passage of coked catalyst into each stage, but inhibits upward movement of catalyst to mitigate back mixing and approximate true counter-current contact and efficient combustion of coke from catalyst. The regenerator riser may provide a passage to transport the catalyst and may serve as a secondary stage for coke combustion to provide the regenerated catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Lev Davydov, Michael S. Sandacz, Paolo Palmas, Zhihao Fei, Matthew Lippmann
  • Patent number: 10754359
    Abstract: A plant or refinery may include equipment such as condensers, regenerators, distillation columns, pumps, slide valves, or the like. Different operating methods may impact deterioration in equipment condition, thereby prolonging equipment life, extending production operating time, or providing other benefits. Mechanical or digital sensors may be used for monitoring equipment to determine whether problems are developing. Specifically, sensors may be used in conjunction with one or more system components to predict and detect slide valve sticking. A shielded, tube skin thermocouple assembly may provide a temperature profile for a slide valve. Tomography may be used to image a slide valve. An operating condition of the plant or refinery may be adjusted to prolong equipment life or avoid equipment failure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Louis A. Lattanzio, Alex Green, Matthew R. Wojtowicz, Ian G. Horn
  • Patent number: 10752845
    Abstract: A plant or refinery may include equipment such as condensers, regenerators, distillation columns, rotating equipment, compressors, pumps, turbines, or the like. Different operating methods may impact deterioration in equipment condition, thereby prolonging equipment life, extending production operating time, or providing other benefits. Mechanical or digital sensors may be used for monitoring equipment to determine whether problems are developing. For example, sensors may be used in conjunction with one or more system components to perform invariant mapping, monitor system operating characteristics, and/or predict pressure, volume, surges, reactor loop fouling, gas quality, or the like. An operating condition (e.g., of one or more pieces of equipment in the plant or refinery) may be adjusted to prolong equipment life or avoid equipment failure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Michael Van de Cotte, Ian G. Horn
  • Patent number: 10737990
    Abstract: Disclosed is an olefin production method which includes: (a) providing the regenerated catalyst and the hydrocarbon including not less than 90 wt % of LPG into Riser of Fast Fluidization Regime, and dehydrogenating in the presence of an alumina type catalyst; (b) separating an effluent from the dehydrogenation reaction into the catalyst and propylene mixture; (c) stripping to remove the hydrocarbon compound included in the catalyst separated at stage (b); (d) mixing the catalyst stripped at stage (c) with the gas including oxygen, and continuously regenerating it; (e) recycling the catalyst regenerated at stage (d) to stage (a), and providing it again into Riser; and (f) producing propylene product by cooling, compressing and separating propylene mixture of the reaction product separated at stage (b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignees: SK GAS CO., LTD., KOREA RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Deuk Soo Park, Ung Gi Hong, Hyeongchan Ahn, Won Choon Choi, Yong Ki Park
  • Patent number: 10739798
    Abstract: Systems and methods are disclosed for detecting temperature excursion in a chemical plant or petrochemical plant or refinery. Aspects of the disclosure provide an enhanced control system for a reactor, such as in hydroprocessing. The enhanced control system may provide early warnings of impending undesirable events, directly or indirectly manipulate certain process variables to reduce undesirable outcomes, and/or directly or indirectly manipulate of certain process variables so as to place a reactor unit in a “safe park” state. This may avoid a high temperature trip, depressuration, associated operating risks, allow for faster recovery from temperature excursions, and/or avoid unplanned emergency shutdowns of the reactor, chemical process, plant, or refinery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Jorge Charr, Donald Eizenga, Raul A. Ohaco, Ralph P. Davis, Christina L. Haasser, James W. Harris, Kevin Carnes, Daliah Papoutsis
  • Patent number: 10734098
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and apparatuses for monitoring health of a catalyst in a plant by retrieving plant data, comparing the plant data to equilibrium conditions, and sending a notification comprising an indication of the health of the catalyst. A plant may be configured to produce a product using a catalyst. A plant monitoring computing platform may be configured to receive, from sensors and/or computing devices of the plant, plant data and/or lab data corresponding to the catalyst. The plant monitoring computing platform may determine equilibrium conditions corresponding to the plant. Based on a comparison of the plant data, the equilibrium conditions, and/or target equilibrium conditions, the plant monitoring computing platform may send a notification. The notification may comprise an indication of the performance of the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Louis A. Lattanzio, Abhishek Pednekar
  • Patent number: 10688477
    Abstract: A process to react an oxygen containing regenerated catalyst stream prior to use in a fluidized bed reactor comprising providing a regenerated catalyst stream which comprises at least 0.001 wt % oxygen; reacting the regenerated catalyst stream with a fuel source thereby forming oxides and reducing the amount of oxygen in the regenerated catalyst stream to produce a usable regenerated catalyst stream; and injecting the usable regenerated catalyst stream into a hydrocarbon fluidized bed reactor is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Matthew T. Pretz, Liwei Li
  • Patent number: 10683461
    Abstract: Turbine fuel provided for large-scale land based turbines used by utilities for producing electricity and desalinated water, and for large mobile engines and turbines in marine and remote applications where only liquid fuels are available. Use results in less corrosion, ash formation and emissions (NOx, SOx, CO2 and noxious metals) than firing contaminated heavy crude, refinery residual oils or high sulfur fuel oils. Manufacture is by decontaminating crude oils, non-conventional crudes, and other highly contaminated feeds. Each fuel is produced as a single product of unit operations, not ex-plant blend of various refinery products, yet using an apparatus configuration less complex than conventional crude oil refining. These fuels can be fired by advanced high efficiency turbines of combined cycle power plants having hot flow paths and heat recovery steam generation systems susceptible to corrosion, which systems cannot otherwise risk contaminated heavy crudes or refinery residual oils feeds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2020
    Assignee: MAWETAL LLC
    Inventors: Mohammed Wohaibi, Tom F. Pruitt
  • Patent number: 10684631
    Abstract: A plant or refinery may include equipment such as condensers, regenerators, distillation columns, pumps, slide valves, or the like. Different operating methods may impact deterioration in equipment condition, thereby prolonging equipment life, extending production operating time, or providing other benefits. Mechanical or digital sensors may be used for monitoring equipment to determine whether problems are developing. Specifically, sensors may be used in conjunction with one or more system components to predict and detect slide valve hot spots. A shielded, tube skin thermocouple assembly may provide a temperature profile for a slide valve. Tomography may be used to image a slide valve. An operating condition of the plant or refinery may be adjusted to prolong equipment life or avoid equipment failure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Louis A. Lattanzio, Alex Green, Matthew R. Wojtowicz, Ian G. Horn
  • Patent number: 10678272
    Abstract: A plant or refinery may include equipment such as condensers, regenerators, distillation columns, pumps, slide valves, or the like. Different operating methods may impact deterioration in equipment condition, thereby prolonging equipment life, extending production operating time, or providing other benefits. Mechanical or digital sensors may be used for monitoring equipment to determine whether problems are developing. Specifically, sensors may be used in conjunction with one or more system components to predict and detect slide valve sticking. An operating condition of the plant or refinery may be adjusted to prolong equipment life or avoid equipment failure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Louis A. Lattanzio, Alex Green, Matthew R. Wojtowicz, Ian G. Horn
  • Patent number: 10670353
    Abstract: A plant or refinery may include equipment such as reactors, heaters, heat exchangers, regenerators, separators, or the like. Types of heat exchangers include shell and tube, plate, plate and shell, plate fin, air cooled, wetted-surface air cooled, or the like. Operating methods may impact deterioration in equipment condition, prolong equipment life, extend production operating time, or provide other benefits. Mechanical or digital sensors may be used for monitoring equipment, and sensor data may be programmatically analyzed to identify developing problems. For example, sensors may be used in conjunction with one or more system components to detect and correct maldistribution, cross-leakage, strain, pre-leakage, thermal stresses, fouling, vibration, problems in liquid lifting, conditions that can affect air-cooled exchangers, conditions that can affect a wetted-surface air-cooled heat exchanger, or the like. An operating condition or mode may be adjusted to prolong equipment life or avoid equipment failure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2020
    Inventors: Sanford Allan Victor, Phillip F. Daly, Ian G. Horn
  • Patent number: 10663238
    Abstract: A plant or refinery may include equipment such as reactors, heaters, heat exchangers, regenerators, separators, or the like. Types of heat exchangers include shell and tube, plate, plate and shell, plate fin, air cooled, wetted-surface air cooled, or the like. Operating methods may impact deterioration in equipment condition, prolong equipment life, extend production operating time, or provide other benefits. Mechanical or digital sensors may be used for monitoring equipment, and sensor data may be programmatically analyzed to identify developing problems. For example, sensors may be used in conjunction with one or more system components to detect and correct maldistribution, cross-leakage, strain, pre-leakage, thermal stresses, fouling, vibration, problems in liquid lifting, conditions that can affect air-cooled exchangers, conditions that can affect a wetted-surface air-cooled heat exchanger, or the like. An operating condition or mode may be adjusted to prolong equipment life or avoid equipment failure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Sanford Allan Victor, Phillip F. Daly, Ian G. Horn
  • Patent number: 10563127
    Abstract: Processes for controlling afterburn in a reheater and loss of entrained solid particles in reheater flue gas are provided. Carbonaceous biomass feedstock is pyrolyzed using a heat transfer medium forming pyrolysis products and a spent heat transfer medium comprising combustible solid particles. The spent heat transfer medium is introduced into a fluidizing dense bed. The combustible solid particles of the spent heat transfer medium are combusted forming combustion product flue gas in a dilute phase above the fluidizing dense bed. The combustion product flue gas comprises flue gas and solid particles entrained therein. The solid particles are separated from the combustion product flue gas to form separated solid particles. At least a portion of the separated solid particles are returned to the fludizing dense bed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2020
    Assignee: Ensyn Renewables, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul A. Sechrist, Andrea G. Bozzano
  • Patent number: 10556214
    Abstract: This present disclosure relates to apparatuses for methylation of aromatics in an aromatics complex for producing a xylene isomer product. More specifically, the present disclosure relates to apparatuses for producing para-xylene by the selective methylation of toluene and/or benzene in an aromatics complex using processed toluene instead of crude toluene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Richard A. Johnson, II, Joseph A. Montalbano, John J. Senetar
  • Patent number: 10538711
    Abstract: A process for converting naphtha, lower olefin, light aromatic hydrocarbon, and gasoline with a high octane number by combining catalytic cracking of naphtha with steam cracking of lower alkane and catalytic cracking of higher alkanes and higher olefins. The process increases the yield of product with high value and significantly decreases the yield of low value product. At the same time, the power consumption is decreased as a whole since most reactants are converted in catalytic cracking at a lower temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignees: SABIC GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES B.V., DALIAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
    Inventors: Peng Xie, Mingzhi Li, Yunpeng Xu, Guangye Liu, Zhongmin Liu, Haitao Liu
  • Patent number: 10526547
    Abstract: The invention provides an improved system for separation technology intended to reduce unwanted catalyst/thermal reactions by minimizing contact of the hydrocarbons and the catalyst within the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2020
    Assignee: Marathon Petroleum Company LP
    Inventors: Nikolas Larsen, Jeff Sexton
  • Patent number: 10494574
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon feed stream may be cracked by a method including contacting the hydrocarbon feed stream with a cracking catalyst in a reactor unit. The hydrocarbon feed stream has an API gravity of at least 40 degrees. The cracking catalyst may include one or more binder materials, one or more matrix materials, *BEA framework type zeolite, FAU framework type zeolite, and MFI framework type zeolite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Aaron Chi Akah, Anas Saleh Aqeeli, Musaed Salem Al-Ghrami
  • Patent number: 10479944
    Abstract: A hydrodeoxygenation catalyst takes self-made porous large-specific surface nano-alumina as a carrier, takes NixMoW, NixCoW or NixCoMo as an active component, and takes Mn as an assistant. Hydrothermal stability of the catalyst and dispersion of active components may be increased by enlarging a pore channel and a specific surface area of the carrier, thereby prolonging the life of the hydrodeoxygenation catalyst. A hydroisomerization catalyst takes multi-walled carbon nanotube composite hierarchical-pore-channel NiAPO-11 or NiSAPO-11 as a carrier and takes NixMoLa, NixCoLa or NixWLa as an active component. Due to the adding of the carbon nanotubes, the pore channel of the carrier is enriched, and connection between the active components and the carrier is effectively enhanced, thereby prolonging the life of the catalyst on a basis of increasing selectivity of aviation kerosene component. Moreover, the biological aviation kerosene satisfying usage conditions is prepared by virtue of mild reaction conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2019
    Inventors: Wei Li, SiYang Liu, Qingxin Guan, Bohan Chai, Liangnian He, Feng Ye, Xiaoying Cui
  • Patent number: 10473391
    Abstract: The present invention describes a process for heating the reboiler of the propane/propylene separation column situated downstream of an FCC unit and fed with the C3 cut from said FCC unit, a process consisting of heating the water in a hot water circuit by means of one or more process fluids originating from units placed upstream and/or downstream of the FCC unit and called hot fluids, one of these fluids being constituted by the overhead vapours from the fractionation column connected to the mild hydrocracking unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Assignee: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    Inventors: Romina Digne, Heloise Dreux, Frederic Feugnet, Nicolas Lambert
  • Patent number: 10465125
    Abstract: A regeneration method for catalytic cracking reaction, the method is applied in a catalytic reaction process of petroleum hydrocarbon materials, and the method comprises: feeding the regenerated and semi-regenerated catalyst from a regenerator separately into different positions of a reactor for reaction. A part of the semi-regenerated catalyst is firstly processed in a purification cooler for removing carried nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide and impurity gases before being fed into the reactor. Spent catalyst or the purified and cooled semi-regenerated catalyst is fed into a catalyst mixing section of the reactor for controlling the temperature of the catalyst being contact with the oil material to be gasified, thereby achieving a three stage cycle of the catalyst in the reactor and a three stage control for the reaction outlets of the oil material gasification zone and the cracking reaction zone and the catalyst taking part in the reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Inventor: Baozhen Shi
  • Patent number: 10450514
    Abstract: Systems for separating a contaminant trapping additive from a cracking catalyst may include a contaminant removal vessel having one or more fluid connections for receiving contaminated cracking catalyst, contaminated contaminant trapping additive, fresh contaminant trapping additive, and a fluidizing gas. In the contaminant removal vessel, the spent catalyst may be contacted with contaminant trapping additive, which may have an average particle size and/or density greater than the cracking catalyst. A separator may be provided for separating an overhead stream from the contaminant removal vessel into a first stream comprising cracking catalyst and lifting gas and a second stream comprising contaminant trapping additive. A recycle line may be used for transferring contaminant trapping additive recovered in the second separator to the contaminant removal vessel, allowing contaminant trapping additive to accumulate in the contaminant removal vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: Lummus Technology Inc.
    Inventors: Liang Chen, Peter Loezos, Rama Rao Marri, Bryan Tomsula, Jon A. Hood, Hardik Singh, Michael Dorsey, Justin Breckenridge
  • Patent number: 10450512
    Abstract: The present invention provides apparatuses and processes for producing high octane fuel from synthesis gas. The process combines transalkylation and zeolite-forming/aromatization in conjunction with a single recycle loop configuration in order to effectively promote the fuel quality, particularly octane rating. The process involves adding a step for enriching octane of the fuel coming from the single recycle loop process. Preferably, the enrichment step takes place in an octane enrichment reactor containing two different catalysts, a zeolite-forming/aromatization catalyst followed by a transalkylation catalyst. The final fuel product preferably has an octane of about 92 to about 112.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: Primus Green Energy Inc.
    Inventors: Meifang Qin, Howard L. Fang, Zhong He, Ricardo Orench, Zhiyi Wu, Arie Toren
  • Patent number: 10336948
    Abstract: The present invention describes a process for the production of gasoline using a catalytic cracking unit, processing conventional heavy cuts in a wide Conradson carbon range from 0.1 to 0.8, said process comprising a preheating of the combustion air downstream of the air compressor by heat exchange with the combustion fumes originating from the regeneration section, said fumes being collected between the waste heat boiler and the economizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    Inventors: Frederic Feugnet, Jean-Michel Besnault, Patrick Briot
  • Patent number: 10317072
    Abstract: The invention is a method for chemical looping (CLC) oxidation-reduction combustion of liquid hydrocarbon feedstocks carried out in a fluidized bed. A liquid hydrocarbon feedstock (2) is partly vaporized on contact with a hot particle solid (1) to form a partly vaporized liquid feedstock and to form coke on the solid prior to contacting partial vaporized liquid feedstock (19) with a redox active mass of particles (12) to achieve combustion of the partially vaporized liquid feed (19). The hot solid particles can notably be from a second fluidized-bed particle circulation loop.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    Inventors: Mahdi Yazdanpanah, Tiago Sozinho, Thierry Gauthier, Florent Guillou
  • Patent number: 10280080
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of methane steam reforming using a nickel/alumina nanocomposite catalyst. More specifically, the present invention relates to a method of carrying out methane steam reforming using a nickel/alumina nanocomposite catalyst wherein nickel metal nanoparticles are uniformly loaded in a high amount on a support via a melt infiltration method with an excellent methane conversion even under a relatively severe reaction condition of a high gas hourly space velocity or low steam supply, and to a catalyst for this method. In addition, the present invention prepares a nickel/silica-alumina hybrid nanocatalyst by mixing the catalyst prepared by the melt infiltration method as the first catalyst and the nickel silica yolk-shell catalyst as the second catalyst, and applies it to the steam reforming of methane to provide a still more excellent catalytic activity even under the higher temperature of 700° C. or more with the excellent methane conversion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventors: Ji Chan Park, Jung Il Yang, Heon Jung, Tak Hyoung Lim
  • Patent number: 10279328
    Abstract: The invention is directed to the production of metal-carbon containing bodies, which process comprises impregnating cellulose, cellulose-like or carbohydrate bodies with an aqueous solution of at least one metal compound, followed by heating the impregnated bodies in an inert and substantially oxygen-free atmosphere, thereby reducing at least part of the at least one metal compound to the corresponding metal or metal alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Jacobus Hoekstra, John Wilhelm Geus, Leonardus Wijnand Jenneskens, Dirk van de Kleut, Edward Jan Vlietstra
  • Patent number: 10274133
    Abstract: Disclosed is an assembly that is an all-in-one combination of piping and equipment systems designed to provide a compact, simple, pre-fabricated assembly on single skid platform to meet all the functional needs of a petrochemical gas compression facility. The skid platform assembly provides a traveling pathway for the fluid generated from a well and is designed to provide all required pre-compressor and post-compressor functional equipment needs for each individual installed gas compressor. The skid platform assembly comprises an integrated liquid separator that also functions as a common liquid sump for all liquid generated by the pre-compressor and post-compressor functional equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Inventor: Thomas Kunkel
  • Patent number: 10246645
    Abstract: Methods for reducing flue gas particulate emissions from fluid catalytic cracking unit regenerators are provided. In one embodiment, a method for reducing flue gas particulate emissions from an FCC unit regenerator includes the steps of combining biochar with a hydrocarbon feedstock to generate a biochar-containing feedstock and contacting the biochar-containing feedstock with an FCC catalyst. In another embodiment, a method for reducing flue gas particulate emissions from a FCC unit regenerator includes the steps of fluidizing catalyst fines and biochar particles in a fluidizing gas and adhering a portion of the catalyst fines to the biochar particles while in the fluidizing gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2019
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Derek Froehle, Stanley Joseph Frey, Patrick D. Walker, Andrew R. Novotny