With Group Vi Metal Or Compound Patents (Class 208/216R)
  • Patent number: 6162351
    Abstract: A naphtha or a middle distillate hydrocarbon is hydrodenitrogenized by hydrotreating in the presence of a catalyst containing a carbon support bearing (i) molybdenum or tungsten, (ii) a metal of non-noble Group VIII, and (iii) chromium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2000
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Chakka Sudhakar, Frank Dolfinger, Jr., Max Raphael Cesar
  • Patent number: 6162353
    Abstract: An improved process and novel catalyst for upgrading catalytically cracked liquid hydrocarbons whereby the hydrodesulfurization and liquid yield of the hydrocarbons are enhanced while the octane number thereof is substantially maintained. The process basically comprises contacting the hydrocarbons with the catalyst composition which is comprised of a sulfided, molybdenum carbide and zinc hexaborate promoted, binder bound zeolite in the presence of hydrogen and under conditions sufficient to effect said upgrading.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2000
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventors: An-hsiang Wu, Ralph J. Melton, Charles A. Drake
  • Patent number: 6162350
    Abstract: Hydroprocessing of petroleum and chemical feedstocks using bulk Group VIII/Group VIB catalysts. Preferred catalysts include those comprised of Ni--Mo--W.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2000
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Stuart L. Soled, Kenneth L. Riley, Gary P. Schleicher
  • Patent number: 6162352
    Abstract: A catalyst composition containing a sulfided mixture of a zinc spinel, a zeolite, alumina, cobalt and molybdenum, and a method of preparing such catalyst composition, are disclosed. The thus-obtained catalyst composition is employed as a catalyst in the hydrodesulfurization of a hydrocarbon feedstock containing gasoline.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2000
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventors: An-hsiang Wu, Charles A. Drake, Ralph J. Melton
  • Patent number: 6156190
    Abstract: A conversion process of hydrocarbon oils comprises at least a hydrodemercaptanization process, wherein said hydrodemercaptanization process comprises contacting a feedstock with a hydrofining catalyst containing a tungsten oxide and/or a molybdenum oxide, a nickel oxide and a cobalt oxide supported on an alumina under the conditions of hydrodemercaptanization, in which the content of said tungsten oxide and/or molybdenum oxide is from 4 wt % to less than 10 wt %, the nickel oxide content is 1-5 wt %, the cobalt oxide content is 0.01-1 wt % based on the catalyst, and the ratio of total atom number of nickel and cobalt to total atom number of nickel, cobalt, tungsten and/or molybdenum is 0.3-0.9. Said process can be carried out at a lower temperature and a lower H/oil volume ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2000
    Assignees: China Petrochemical Corporation, Research Institute of Petroleum Processing
    Inventors: Guofu Xia, Mei Zhu, Enze Min, Yahua Shi, Zhiping Tao, Guici Pang, Mingfeng Li, Guopeng Ran, Haitao Huang, Runqiang Zhang, Jian Li, Hong Nie
  • Patent number: 6149799
    Abstract: The invention concerns a catalyst for hydrorefining and hydroconverting hydrocarbon feeds, comprising a mixed sulphide comprising at least two elements selected from elements with an atomic number selected from the group formed by the following numbers: 3, 11, 12, 19 to 33, 37, to 51, 55 to 83, 87 to 103, characterized in that the mixed sulphide results from a combination of at least one element the sulphide of which has a bond energy between the metal and sulphur of less than 50.+-.3 kcal/mol (209.+-.12 kJ/mol) and at least one element the sulphide of which has a bond energy between the metal and sulphur of more than 50.+-.3 kcal/mol (209.+-.12 kJ/mol), the mixed sulphide thus having a mean bond energy between the metal and sulphur which is in the range 30 to 70 kcal/mol (125 to 293 kJ/mol).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2000
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Pascal Raybaud, Herve Toulhoat, Slavik Kasztelan
  • Patent number: 6132597
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the use of a catalyst comprising an extruded essentially alumina-based support, constituted by a plurality of juxtaposed agglomerates and partially in the form of packs of flakes and partially in the form of needles, and optionally comprising at least one catalytic metal or a compound of a catalytic metal from group VIB, and/or optionally at least one catalytic metal or compound of a catalytic metal from group VIII, in an ebullating bed process and for hydrorefining and hydroconverting hydrocarbon feeds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2000
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Virginie Harle, Slavik Kazstelan, Frederic Morel, Stephane Kressmann, Philippe Courty
  • Patent number: 6126814
    Abstract: A process for hydrodesulfurizing naphtha feedstream wherein the reactor inlet temperature is below the dew point of the feedstock at the reactor inlet so that the naphtha will completely vaporize within the catalyst bed. It is preferred to use a catalyst comprised of about 1 to about 10 wt. % MoO.sub.3, about 0.1 to about 5 wt. % CoO supported on a suitable support material. They are also characterized as having an average medium pore diameter from about 60 .ANG. to 200 .ANG., a Co/Mo atomic ratio of about 0.1 to about 1.0, a MoO.sub.3 surface concentration of about 0.5.times.10.sup.-4 to about 3.0.times.10.sup.-4 g MoO.sub.3 /m.sup.2, and an average particle size of less than about 2.0 mm in diameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2000
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Co
    Inventors: Mark P. Lapinski, Kenneth L. Riley, Thomas R. Halbert, William Lasko, Jeffrey L. Kaufman
  • Patent number: 6120679
    Abstract: A method of hydrodesulfurizing a catalytic cracked gasoline which comprises providing a presulfided catalyst modified with a basic organic nitrogen compound and contacting the catalytic cracked gasoline with the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2000
    Assignee: Nippon Mitsubishi Oil Corporation
    Inventors: Shigeto Hatanaka, Osamu Sadakane
  • Patent number: 6103104
    Abstract: A process for hydroprocessing middle distillate petroleum streams in two temperature stages. The feedstream is hydroprocessed in two or more first temperature stages operated at a temperature from about 360.degree. C. to about 450.degree. C. The reaction product of the first temperature stage(s) is quenched to a temperature from about 260.degree. C. to about 350, stripped of H.sub.2 S, NH.sub.3 and other dissolved gases, then sent to the second temperature stage which is operated at said quenched temperature range. The product from the second temperature stage is also stripped of dissolved gases. Color bodies produced in the higher temperature first stage are hydrogenated in the last stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2000
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Company
    Inventor: Ramesh Gupta
  • Patent number: 6090274
    Abstract: A nitrided calcined modified zeolite composition having incorporated therein a molybdenum promoter and a co-promoter. A carburized nitrided calcined modified zeolite composition having incorporated therein a molybdenum promoter and a co-promoter. Producing the composition by incorporating a molybdenum promoter compound and a co-promoter compound into the zeolite followed by thermal treatment of the resulting zeolite with a nitriding agent and, optionally, further thermally treating the resulting zeolite with a hydrocarbon, preferably in the presence of hydrogen. A hydrotreating process that contacts a hydrocarbon-containing fluid with the nitrided, optionally carburized, calcined modified zeolite composition under a condition sufficient to effect the reduction of sulfur content in the hydrocarbon-containing fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventors: An-hsiang Wu, Charles A. Drake
  • Patent number: 6086749
    Abstract: A method and catalyst mixture for hydroprocessing a hydrocarbon feed stream through a moving catalyst bed having a catalyst mixture and contained within a single onstream reactor vessel. The reactor vessel contains the catalyst mixture which includes two or more different and distinct catalyst for any hydroprocessing application. The different and distinct catalyst have different catalyst density and are designed for a different function, such as HDM and HDN. The different and distinct catalysts can also have different average residence times if their densities and physical properties are properly selected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2000
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: David C. Kramer, Bruce E. Stangeland
  • Patent number: 6071402
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a hydrorefining and/or hydrocracking catalyst for hydrocarbon feeds, comprising at least one mixed sulphide comprising sulphur, at least one group VB element, preferably niobium, and at least one group VIB element, preferably molybdenum or tungsten, more preferably molybdenum, optionally combined with a support and/or at least one group VIIA metal and/or at least one group VIII metal and/or an element selected from the group formed by S, P, B, Si.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2000
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Michel Danot, Nabil Allali, Valerie Gaborit, Christophe Geantet, Pavel Afanassiev, Samuel Mignard, Slavik Kasztelan
  • Patent number: 6063265
    Abstract: A process for producing a hydrodesulfurization catalyst is disclosed, comprising impregnating an inorganic oxide carrier containing a crystalline aluminosilicate with a solution consisting of Group VI metal oxide, a Group VIII metal oxide, and phosphorus. Also disclosed is a process for deep hydrodesulfurization of a gas oil fraction using said catalyst to obtain gas oil having an extremely low sulfur content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2000
    Assignees: Cosmo Oil Co., Ltd., Petpoleum Energy Center
    Inventors: Osamu Chiyoda, Kazushi Usui, Mitsugu Yumoto, Kazuo Idei, Etsuo Suzuki, Katsuyoshi Ohki, Takashi Fujikawa, Hatsutaro Yamazaki, Shunji Kitada
  • Patent number: 6059956
    Abstract: A process comprising incorporation of a sulphuration agent into a hydrocarbon treatment catalyst to a greater or lesser extent into the pores of the catalyst, the agent being selected from, for example, elemental sulphur and organic polysulphides, incorporation being effected in the presence of a solvent which is an olefinic or olefinic cut constituent, for example a vegetable oil, or a similar constituent, the process comprising hydrogen treatment of the catalyst at between 150.degree. C. and 700.degree. C., followed by a passivation step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2000
    Assignee: Europeene de Retraitment de Catalyseurs Eurecat
    Inventor: Pierre Dufresne
  • Patent number: 6042719
    Abstract: Low sulfur gasoline of relatively high octane-barrel value is produced from cracked, sulfur containing olefinic naphthas by hydrodesulfurization at low temperature and low space velocity over either a conventional catalyst, such as CoMo/Al.sub.2 O.sub.3, or a dual functional catalyst, such as CoMo ZSM-5/Al.sub.2 O.sub.3. This approach also minimizes the olefins/hydrogen sulfide re-combination frequently observed at high temperature. The process produces a gasoline having a reduced sulfur content with a less than 5% change in motor octane number and a less than 10% change in research octane number.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2000
    Assignee: Mobil Oil Corporation
    Inventor: Stuart S. Shih
  • Patent number: 6015485
    Abstract: Provided are high activity catalysts based upon gamma alumina containing substrates impregnated with one or more catalytically active metals, which catalysts in addition contain a nanocrystalline phase of alumina of a crystallite size at the surface of less than 25 .ANG.. Also provided are processes for preparing such high activity catalysts and various uses thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2000
    Assignee: Cytec Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Peter Joseph Shukis, James Donald Carruthers, Vincent Joseph Lostaglio
  • Patent number: 5985136
    Abstract: A process for hydrodesulfurizing naphtha feedstreams wherein the reactor inlet temperature is below the dew point of the feedstock at the reactor inlet so that the naphtha will completely vaporize within the catalyst bed. It is preferred to use a catalyst comprised of about 1 to about 10 wt. % MoO.sub.3, about 0.1 to about 5 wt. % CoO supported on a suitable support material. They are also characterized as having an average medium pore diameter from about 60 .ANG. to 200 .ANG.. a Co/Mo atomic ratio of about 0.1 to about 1.0, a MoO.sub.3 surface concentration of about 0.5.times.10.sup.-4 to about 3.0.times.10.sup.-4 g MoO.sub.3 /m.sup.2, and an average particle size of less than about 2.0 mm in diameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1999
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Co.
    Inventors: Garland B. Brignac, Jeffrey L. Kaufman, John C. Coker
  • Patent number: 5968347
    Abstract: A hydrotreatment process for effecting hydrotreatment of a liquid hydrocarbon feedstock containing a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons together with organic sulphurous impurities in which a desulphurised liquid first hydrocarbon fraction is contacted with a first stream of desulphurised recycle gas to produce (A) a vaporous mixture including unreacted hydrogen, hydrogen sulphide, and a second hydrocarbon fraction including relatively more volatile components of the mixture of hydrocarbons and (B) a third liquid hydrocarbon fraction including relatively less volatile components of the mixture of hydrocarbons as well as residual sulphurous impurities, the vaporous mixture and the third liquid hydrocarbon fraction being recovered as separate streams from the contact zone. The third liquid hydrocarbon fraction is contacted with a mixture of make-up hydrogen-containing gas and desulphurised recycle gas to cause hydrodesulphurisation of residual sulphurous impurities in the third liquid hydrocarbon fraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1999
    Assignee: Kvaerner Process Technology Limited
    Inventors: Richard Joseph Kolodziej, George Edwin Harrison, Donald Hugh McKinley
  • Patent number: 5954950
    Abstract: Intensive hydrofining of petroleum fractions wherein an at least partly together with hydrogen circulate in a given direction, in at least one reactor containing at least one fixed bed of a hydrofining catalyst in solid form, is characterized in that the reactor is equipped with at least one inlet pipe for the mixture of the petroleum fraction and hydrogen and at least one outlet pipe for the resultant hydrofined petroleum fraction, and that at least one static mixer is positioned upstream from said outlet of the hydrofined petroleum fraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignee: Institut Francais Du Petrole
    Inventors: Frederic Morel, Pierre Trambouze, Jean-Paul Euzen, Stephane Kressmann
  • Patent number: 5954944
    Abstract: A process for producing middle distillates by hydrocracking a heavy distillate oil under middle pressure uses a hydrofining catalyst and a hydrocracking catalyst in series and once-through operation. The once-through volume conversion to 350.degree. C.--products is up to 80 vol. %. The yield and selectivity of middle distillates are greater than 40 wt % and less than 50 wt %, respectively. The process is particularly suited to treat heavy distillate oil having the nitrogen content of up to 1500 ppmw, the sulfur content of up to 3.5 wt % and dry point in the boiling range of higher than 500.degree. C. to produce the feed for reforming process, jet fuel, the low sulfur content diesel, the feed for catalytic cracker and the feed for producing ethylene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignees: China Petrochemical Corp., Research Institute of Petroleum Processing Sinopec
    Inventors: Yanping Zhang, Yulin Shi, Zhenlin Xiong, Jianwen Shi, Hong Nie, Yahua Shi, Yigin Zhu, Zhihai Hu
  • Patent number: 5948243
    Abstract: A composition comprises a hydrodesulfurization or hydrodenitrogenation, or both, catalyst component and a support component which comprises aluminum, zirconium, and a borate. A process for making the composition comprises the steps of (1) contacting an aluminum salt, a zirconium salt, and an acidic boron compound under a condition sufficient to effect the production of a support component comprising aluminum, zirconium, and borate and (2) combining a hydrodesulfurization or hydrodenitrogenation, or both, catalyst component with the support component. Also disclosed are processes for removing organic sulfur compounds or organic nitrogen compounds, or both, from hydrocarbon-containing fluids which comprise contacting a hydrocarbon-containing fluid, with a hydrogen-containing fluid, in the presence of a catalyst composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1999
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventor: Lyle R. Kallenbach
  • Patent number: 5935418
    Abstract: A reactor system is provided which is particularly suitable for hydroprocessing a heavy hydrocarbon under catalytic slurry hydroprocessing conditions. This reactor system includes a single reaction zone containing at least one filter element for the separation of liquid product from catalyst particles in the reaction zone. Means are provided for backwashing the filter element. Preferably, at least two filter elements are provided one of which is used for separation of product and the other for introduction of hydrogen into the reactor. Additionally, means are provided for switching the flow between the two filter elements thereby permitting continuous operation of the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1999
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Co.
    Inventors: Tapantosh Chakrabarty, Ghosh Mainak
  • Patent number: 5928499
    Abstract: A process for hydrotreating a hydrocarbon feed containing components boiling above 1000.degree. F. and sulfur, metals and carbon residue utilizing a heterogeneous catalyst having a specified pore size distribution, median pore diameter by surface area and pore mode by volume, to give a product containing a decreased content of components boiling above 1000.degree. F. and decreased sulfur, metals and carbon residue is disclosed. The process includes contacting the hydrocarbon feed with hydrogen in the presence of the catalyst at isothermal hydroconversion conditions. The catalyst includes an porous alumina support containing less than or equal to 2.5 wt % silica on the finished catalyst basis, and bearing 2.2 to 6 wt % of a Group VIII metal oxide, 7 to 24 wt % of a Group VIB metal oxide and preferably less than 0.2 wt % of a phosphorous oxide. The catalyst may be characterized as having a Total Surface Area of 215 to 245 m.sup.2 /g, a Total Pore Volume of 0.82 to 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: Texaco Inc
    Inventors: David Edward Sherwood, Jr., Pei-Shing Eugene Dai
  • Patent number: 5928501
    Abstract: A process for treating a hydrocarbon oil feed to reduce total acid number (TAN) and increase API gravity employs a catalyst which includes one or more metals of non-noble Group VIII of the periodic table (e.g., iron, cobalt and nickel), and at least one metal selected from Group VIB (e.g., chromium, tungsten and molybdenum) on a phosphorus treated carbon support, the phosphorus treated carbon support being comprised of phosphorus bound to the carbon surface predominantly as polyphosphate species characterized by peaks between -5 and -30 ppm in the solid-state magic angle spinning .sup.31 P nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum. The process includes blending the catalyst with the hydrocarbon oil feed to form a slurry which is then treated with hydrogen at moderate temperature and pressure in, for example, a tubular reactor. Deposit formation is minimized or avoided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Chakka Sudhakar, Mark T. Caspary, Stephen J. DeCanio
  • Patent number: 5925235
    Abstract: A layered hydrocracking catalyst system has high middle distillate selectivity when used for hydrocracking a high sulfur and high nitrogen containing feedstock. The layered system comprises a first layer catalyst with contains a zeolite having a unit cell size of greater than about 24.35 Angstroms, and a second layer catalyst which contains a zeolite having a unit cell size of less than about 24.30 Angstroms. The layered system is particularly beneficial in terms of catalyst life and product selectivity for reactors operated under conditions of a high temperature profile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1999
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventor: Mohammad M. Habib
  • Patent number: 5925238
    Abstract: A process for catalytic two-stage hydrodesulfurization of metal-containing petroleum residua feedstocks to achieve at least about 75% desulfurization of the liquid product while also providing at least about 40% reduction in catalyst consumption. In the process, used catalyst having a catalyst equilibrium age of 0.3-5.0 bbl oil feed/lb catalyst is withdrawn from the second stage reactor, rejuvenated so as to remove 10-50 wt. % of the contaminant metals and at least 80 wt. % of carbon deposited on the catalyst, and then cascaded forward and added to the first stage reactor. Sufficient fresh make-up catalyst is added to the second stage reactor to replace the used catalyst withdrawn there, and only sufficient fresh catalyst is added to the first stage reactor to replace any catalyst transfer losses. Used catalyst having a catalyst equilibrium age of 0.6 to 10.0 bbl. oil per lb. catalyst is withdrawn from the first stage reactor for discard.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1999
    Assignee: IFP North America
    Inventors: John E. Duddy, Lawrence M. Abrams, Steven J. Hildebrandt
  • Patent number: 5916433
    Abstract: A catalyst system for treating sulfur and nitrogen contaminated hydrocarbon feedstock includes a matrix, at least one support medium substantially uniformly distributed through said matrix and comprising a silica alumina molecular sieve material having a composition xSiO.sub.2 :Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 :yP.sub.2 O.sub.5, wherein x is at least about 0.1, a first catalytically active metal phase supported on said support medium, said first catalytically active metal phase comprising a first metal and a second metal each selected from group VIII of the Periodic Table of Elements, said first metal being different from said second metal, a second catalytically active metal phase supported on said matrix, said second catalytically active metal phase comprising a third metal and a fourth metal each selected from group VIII of the Periodic Table of Elements and a fifth metal selected from group VIb of the Periodic Table of Elements, said third metal being different from said fourth metal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 29, 1999
    Assignee: Intevep, S.A.
    Inventors: Jorge Alejandro Tejada, Yilda Margot Romero, Edito Jose Reyes
  • Patent number: 5906731
    Abstract: A hydroprocess catalyzed by a catalyst composition comprising a porous refractory oxide, a molybdenum component, a phosphorus component and an underbedded nickel component, the composition characterized by a Raman spectrum comprising at least one Raman band in each of the regions of (1) about 240 cm.sup.-1 to about 250 cm.sup.-1, and (2) about 595 cm.sup.-1 to about 605 cm.sup.-1. The catalyst is prepared by sequential incorporation of the nickel metal followed by the additional catalytic promoters including a molybdenum component and a phosphorus component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1999
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventors: Suheil F. Abdo, Howard D. Simpson, Pradeep S. Iyer
  • Patent number: 5897768
    Abstract: Hydrocarbon feeds are upgraded by contact of the stream under hydrodesulfurization (HDS) conditions with a catalyst system comprising a sulfided, transition metal promoted tungsten/molybdenum HDS catalyst, e.g., Ni/Co--Mo/Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 and a solid acid catalyst which is effective for the isomerization/disproportionation/transalkylation of alkyl substituted, condensed ring heterocyclic sulfur compounds present in the feedstream, e.g. zeolite or a heteropolyacid compound. Isomerization, disproportionation and transalkylation reactions convert refractory sulfur compounds such as 4- or 4,6-alkyl dibenzothiophenes into corresponding isomers or disproportionated isomers which can be more readily desulfurized by conventional HDS catalysts to H.sub.2 S and other products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 27, 1999
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Co.
    Inventors: Gary B. McVicker, Teh C. Ho, Stuart Soled, Michel Daage, Roman Krycak, Sabato Miseo, Viktor Buchholz, William E. Lewis
  • Patent number: 5888380
    Abstract: A catalyst composition suitable for effecting simultaneous hydrodesulphurisation and hydrodemetallisation of sulphur and metals containing feedstocks which shows a high hydrodesulphurisation activity, a high hydrodemetallisation activity, and a long life is disclosed.The catalyst includes: a) a support, at least 90 wt. % of which includes alumina, which alumina has an R value of from 0.08 to 0.30, the R value being defined as the ratio between the integrated intensity of the X-ray diffraction peak at 2 .theta.=32.degree. and the integrated intensity of the X-ray diffraction peak at 2 .theta.=46.degree., b) from 2 to 8 wt. % of a Group VIB metal component, calculated as metal, c) from 0.5 to 2.5 wt. % of a Group VIII metal component, calculated as metal; and d) a pore size distribution as determined by nitrogen adsorption satisfying the following requirements: (i) a pore volume of from 0.5 to 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1999
    Assignee: Nippon Ketjen Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuhisa Fujita, Tetsuro Kamo, Masafumi Shimowake, Yoshimasa Inoue
  • Patent number: 5871635
    Abstract: Hydrocarbonaceous feedstocks admixed with a flow-through catalyst and hydrogen are hydroprocessed in a hydroprocessing reactor containing a captive hydroprocessing catalyst. The flow-through catalyst is continually withdrawn with the hydroprocessed feed from the hydroprocessing reactor. The flow-through catalyst may be an FCC, hydrocracking, isomerization or ring-opening catalyst. In a preferred embodiment, the captive hydroprocessing catalyst contains Co, Ni and/or Mo on an alumina base and the flow-through catalyst is an FCC zeolitic catalyst which is withdrawn with the hydroprocessed feed from the hydroprocessing reactor and then sent to an FCC unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 16, 1999
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Ramesh Gupta, Edward S. Ellis, William Ernest Lewis
  • Patent number: 5872073
    Abstract: New amorphous molybdenum/tungsten sulfides with the general formula M.sup.n+.sub.2x/n (L.sub.6 S.sub.8)S.sub.x, where L is molybdenum or tungsten and M is a ternary metal, has been developed. Characterization of these amorphous materials by chemical and spectroscopic methods (IR, Raman, PES) shows that the (M.sub.6 S.sub.8).sup.0 cluster units are present. Vacuum thermolysis of the amorphous Na.sub.2x (Mo.sub.6 S.sub.8)S.sub.x .multidot.yMeOH first produces poorly crystalline NaMo.sub.6 S.sub.8 by disproportionation at 800.degree. C. and well-crystallized NaMo.sub.6 S.sub.8 at .gtoreq. 900.degree. C. Ion-exchange of the sodium material in methanol with soluble M.sup.2+ and M.sup.3+ salts (M=Sn, Co, Ni, Pb, La, Ho) produces the M.sup.n+.sub.2x/n (Mo.sub.6 S.sub.8)S.sub.x .multidot.yMeOH compounds. Additionally, the new reduced ternary molybdenum sulfides with the general formula M.sup.n+.sub.2x/n Mo.sub.6 S.sub.8+x (MeOH).sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 16, 1999
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Shane J. Hilsenbeck, Robert E. McCarley, Glenn L. Schrader, Xiaobing Xie
  • Patent number: 5853570
    Abstract: A catalytically cracked gasoline feedstock is desulfurized under reaction conditions of a hydrogen feed rate measured at the reactor inlet of from 1 to 5 mols per mol of the feedstock oil and of from 5 to 50 mols per mol of the olefin components contained in the feedstock oil, a reaction temperature of from 200.degree. to 300.degree. C., a total pressure inside the reactor of from 10 to 20 kg/cm.sup.2 G, and a liquid hourly space velocity of from 2 to 8 l/hr, and using a catalyst which comprises a support mainly comprising alumina and having a surface area of 200 m.sup.2 /g or larger, wherein MoO.sub.3 in an amount of from 10 to 20 wt % and CoO in an amount of from 3 to 6 wt % in terms of inner content are fixed to the support, and the weight ratio of MoO.sub.3 to CoO is from 2.5 to 4.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1998
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Oil Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shigeto Hatanaka, Osamu Sadakane, Satoru Hikita, Tadao Miyama
  • Patent number: 5851383
    Abstract: A light hydrocarbon stream, such as a C.sub.3 -C.sub.5 stream recovered from an FCC unit, is catalytically treated for the selective hydrogenation of dienes and for the removal of mercaptans by thioetherification. The effluent of the reaction zone is fractionated to remove light ends and thioethers in a dual section fractionation zone, with the interconnection of the sections facilitating a reduction in capital and operating costs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 22, 1998
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Stanley J. Frey
  • Patent number: 5851382
    Abstract: Hydrodesulfurization of cracked naphtha, with minimum attendant hydrogenation of olefins, is effected over a sulfided catalyst bearing (i) a non-noble Group VIII metal, and (ii) a Group VI-B metal, and (iii) a metal of Group I-A, and optionally (iv) a metal of Group II-A, on a support comprising hydrotalcite-like composition, optionally containing less than or equal to 20% by weight of an inert inorganic compound selected from the group consisting of silica, silica-alumina, titania, clays, carbon black, and mixtures thereof, used as a binder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 22, 1998
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventor: Chakka Sudhakar
  • Patent number: 5846406
    Abstract: Selective hydrodesulfurization of cracked naphtha, with minimum attendant hydrogenation of olefins, is effected over a novel catalyst composition comprising a sulfided, "manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieve" supported catalyst bearing (i) at least one non-noble Group VIII metal, (ii) at least one Group VI-B metal, optionally (iii) at least one metal of Group I-A, II-A, III-B, or the lanthanide series of rare earths, and optionally (iv) at least one metal of Group I-B. The catalyst of the present invention is highly selective in minimizing the olefin saturation and the resulting octane loss in the cracked naphtha hydrodesulfurization process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1998
    Assignee: Texaco Inc
    Inventors: Chakka Sudhakar, Chi-Lin O'Young
  • Patent number: 5827421
    Abstract: A process for hydrotreating a charge hydrocarbon feed containing components boiling above 1000.degree. F. and sulfur, metals, and carbon residue, to provide product containing decreased levels of components having a boiling point greater than 1000.degree. F., decreased levels of sulfur, particularly decreased sulfur contents in the unconverted 1000.degree. F.+ boiling point products, and reduced sediment, which comprises:contacting said hydrocarbon feed with hydrogen at isothermal hydroprocessing conditions in the presence of, as catalyst, a porous alumina support containing .ltoreq.0.5 wt % of silica, wherein no silicon containing components, particularly silicon oxide, are intentionally added to the alumina, alumina support, impregnating solution or impregnating solutions, and bearing 2.2-6 wt % of a Group VIII metal oxide, 7-24 wt % of a Group VIB metal oxide and 0.0-2.0 wt % of a phosphorus oxide,said catalyst having a Total Surface Area of 195-230 m.sup.2 /g, a Total Pore Volume of 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1998
    Assignee: Texaco Inc
    Inventor: David Edward Sherwood, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5800698
    Abstract: A catalyst system for treating sulfur and nitrogen contaminated hydrocarbon feedstock includes a matrix, at least one support medium substantially uniformly distributed through said matrix and comprising a silica alumina molecular sieve material having a silica/alumina ratio of at least about 20, a first catalytically active metal phase supported on said support medium, said first catalytically active metal phase comprising a first metal and a second metal each selected from group VIII of the Periodic Table of Elements, said first metal being different from said second metal, a second catalytically active metal phase supported on said matrix, said second catalytically active metal phase comprising a third metal and a fourth metal each selected from group VIII of the Periodic Table of Elements and a fifth metal selected from group VIb of the Periodic Table of Elements, said third metal being different from said fourth metal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1998
    Assignee: Intevep, S.A.
    Inventors: Jorge Tejada, Yilda Romero, Edito Reyes, Ricardo Prada, Mariana Torrealba
  • Patent number: 5770046
    Abstract: Hydrodesulfurization of cracked naphtha, with minimum attendant hydrogenation of olefins, is effected over a sulfided, carbon supported catalyst bearing (i) at least one non-noble Group VIII metal, (ii) at least one Group VI-B metal, (iii) at least one metal of Group I-A, II-A, III-B, or the lanthanide series of rare earths, and (iv) at least one metal of Group I-B.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 23, 1998
    Assignee: Texaco Inc
    Inventor: Chakka Sudhakar
  • Patent number: 5759386
    Abstract: A light hydrocarbon stream, such as a C.sub.3 -C.sub.5 stream recovered from an FCC unit, is catalytically treated for the selective hydrogenation of dienes and for the removal of mercaptans by thioetherification. The effluent of the reaction zone is fractionated to remove light ends and thioethers in a dual section fractionation zone, with the interconnection of the sections facilitating a reduction in capital and operating costs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 2, 1998
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventor: Stanley J. Frey
  • Patent number: 5744025
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for hydrotreating a metal-contaminated hydrocarbonaceous feedstock of which at least 60% wt. boils at a temperature 370.degree. C., the process comprising contacting the feedstock at elevated temperature and elevated pressure in the presence of hydrogen with one or more catalyst beds each of a first catalyst, a second catalyst and a third catalyst, wherein(i) the first catalyst comprises a Group VI and/or a Group VIII hydrogenation metal component on an inorganic oxide support having at least 40% of its pore volume in pores with diameters in the range from 17 nm to 25 nm and a surface area in the range from 100 m.sup.2 /g to 160 m.sup.2 /g;(ii) the second catalyst comprises a Group VI and/or a Group VIII hydrogenation metal component on an inorganic oxide support having at least 40% of its pore volume in pores with diameters in the range from 3 nm to 17 nm and a surface area in the range from 160 m.sup.2 /g to 350 m.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 28, 1998
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Andries Qirin Maria Boon, Constantinus Johannes Jacobus Den Ouden, Opinder Kishen Bhan
  • Patent number: 5676822
    Abstract: A process for treating a charge hydrocarbon oil containing undesired aromatic components, sulfur and nitrogen compounds, which comprises maintaining a bed of a sulfided catalyst comprising 0.1 to 15% by weight of one or more non-noble Group VIII metals; and from 1 to 50% by weight of tungsten and/or from 1 to 20% by weight or molybdenum or chromium, and 0.01 to 10% by weight of zinc, on an activated carbon support, passing a charge hydrocarbon feed in the presence of hydrogen into contact with said catalyst at hydrotreating conditions, thereby effecting hydrogenation, hydrodearomatization, hydrodesulfurization and hydrodenitrogenation of said charge hydrocarbon feed containing undesired aromatic components, sulfur and nitrogen, and forming a product stream of hydrocarbon containing a lesser concentration of undesired aromatic components, sulfur and nitrogen; and recovering said product stream of hydrocarbon containing a lesser concentration of undesired aromatic components, sulfur and nitrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 14, 1997
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventor: Chakka Sudhakar
  • Patent number: 5651878
    Abstract: A naphtha or a middle distillate hydrocarbon is hydrodearomatized by hydrotreating in the presence of a catalyst containing a carbon support bearing (i) molybdenum or tungsten, (ii) a metal or non-noble Group VIII, and (iii) chromium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 29, 1997
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Chakka Sudhakar, Frank Dolfinger, Jr., Max Raphael Cesar
  • Patent number: 5593570
    Abstract: A physically intermixed catalyst system comprising two distinctly different catalytic particles, the first of which is a hydrodenitrification and/or hydrodesulfurization catalyst and the second of which is a relatively active hydrocracking catalyst, wherein the catalyst particles of both catalytic components are substantially the same size, that is the effective diameter of each catalyst component is substantially the same. The catalyst system of the present invention can be layered with unmixed catalysts. The novel systems of the present invention have been found to provide surprisingly good selectivity for liquid products and stability against catalyst fouling when used in combined hydrotreating and hydrocracking applications, and can therefore be used to provide a stable catalyst system which offers even heat distribution and reactor control in such applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 14, 1997
    Assignee: Chevron Research and Technology Company, A Division of Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Mohammad M. Habib, Philip L. Winslow, Richard O. Moore, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5591324
    Abstract: A hydroconversion catalyst composition includes a catalytically active matrix having a surface area of between about 50 m.sup.2 /g to about 290 m.sup.2 /g, a silicious molecular sieve support medium distributed through the matrix and having a surface area of between about 250 m.sup.2 /g to about 1200 m.sup.2 /g and a catalytically active phase supported on the support medium and including a first metal selected from group IIIA of the periodic table of elements and a second metal selected from group VIB of the periodic table of elements. The matrix preferably further includes aluminum, gallium, cobalt, molybdenum, and phosphorus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 7, 1997
    Assignee: Intevep, S.A.
    Inventors: Reinaldo Monque, Wolfgang Garcia, Roberto Galiasso, Jose A. Perez
  • Patent number: 5565091
    Abstract: By mixing an alumina gel suspension prepared by dispersing alumina gel in pure water in an alumina concentration of 0.1 to 12% by weight, with an aqueous metal salt solution wherein a compound of a Group VIA metal and a compound of a Group VIII metal are dissolved, and then evaporating water to dry while stirring the mixture, the metal component can be loaded effectively on the alumina gel to a sufficiently high loading quantity, and active catalyst compositions useful as catalysts being superior in functions, such as activities, to the conventional hydrogenation catalysts are easily obtainable. Sufficiently desulfurized hydrocarbons are obtainable by allowing the catalyst compositions to contact sulfur-containing hydrocarbons in the presence of hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1996
    Assignees: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd., Petroleum Energy Center (PEC)
    Inventors: Akira Iino, Ryuichiro Iwamoto, Tsuyoshi Mitani
  • Patent number: 5554275
    Abstract: A method and operating technique for treating organosulfur compound-containing aliphatic streams by introducing the light hydrocarbon stream at a top portion of a vertical stripping tower having an upper catalytic contact zone containing a bed of solid hydrodesulfurization catalyst particles and a lower contact zone, and introducing a light gas stream containing hydrogen at a lower portion of said stripping tower. Hydrodesulfurization is effected by flowing the light hydrocarbon stream and light gas stream countercurrently in contact with the solid hydrodesulfurization catalyst particles under hydrodesulfurization and stripping conditions, thereby converting the organosulfur compound in the upper contact zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 10, 1996
    Assignee: Mobil Oil Corporation
    Inventor: Mohsen N. Harandi
  • Patent number: 5543036
    Abstract: A process for hydrotreating a hydrocarbon feedstock, such as light cycle oil, using a catalyst composition containing a hydrogenation/dehydrogenation component and an acidic solid component including a Group IVB metal oxide modified with an oxyanion of a Group VIB metal. The hydrotreating process removes contaminants, such as sulfur and/or nitrogen, from the feedstock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 6, 1996
    Assignee: Mobil Oil Corporation
    Inventors: Clarence D. Chang, Scott Han, Daniel J. Martenak, Jose G. Santiesteban, Dennis E. Walsh
  • Patent number: 5534135
    Abstract: A novel zeolite characterized by a large number of secondary pores, a substantially decreased Lattice Constant of below about 24.19 .ANG., and a substantially decreased Acid Site Density is attained by hydrothermal and acid-treating of an ultrastable Y-zeolite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 9, 1996
    Assignee: ABB Lummus Global Inc.
    Inventors: Pei-Shing E. Dai, David E. Sherwood, Jr., Burton H. Bartley