With Specific Porosity Or Pore Volume Patents (Class 208/216PP)
  • Patent number: 6162351
    Abstract: A naphtha or a middle distillate hydrocarbon is hydrodenitrogenized by hydrotreating in the presence of a catalyst containing a carbon support bearing (i) molybdenum or tungsten, (ii) a metal of non-noble Group VIII, and (iii) chromium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2000
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Chakka Sudhakar, Frank Dolfinger, Jr., Max Raphael Cesar
  • Patent number: 6132597
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the use of a catalyst comprising an extruded essentially alumina-based support, constituted by a plurality of juxtaposed agglomerates and partially in the form of packs of flakes and partially in the form of needles, and optionally comprising at least one catalytic metal or a compound of a catalytic metal from group VIB, and/or optionally at least one catalytic metal or compound of a catalytic metal from group VIII, in an ebullating bed process and for hydrorefining and hydroconverting hydrocarbon feeds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2000
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Virginie Harle, Slavik Kazstelan, Frederic Morel, Stephane Kressmann, Philippe Courty
  • Patent number: 6063265
    Abstract: A process for producing a hydrodesulfurization catalyst is disclosed, comprising impregnating an inorganic oxide carrier containing a crystalline aluminosilicate with a solution consisting of Group VI metal oxide, a Group VIII metal oxide, and phosphorus. Also disclosed is a process for deep hydrodesulfurization of a gas oil fraction using said catalyst to obtain gas oil having an extremely low sulfur content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2000
    Assignees: Cosmo Oil Co., Ltd., Petpoleum Energy Center
    Inventors: Osamu Chiyoda, Kazushi Usui, Mitsugu Yumoto, Kazuo Idei, Etsuo Suzuki, Katsuyoshi Ohki, Takashi Fujikawa, Hatsutaro Yamazaki, Shunji Kitada
  • Patent number: 6015485
    Abstract: Provided are high activity catalysts based upon gamma alumina containing substrates impregnated with one or more catalytically active metals, which catalysts in addition contain a nanocrystalline phase of alumina of a crystallite size at the surface of less than 25 .ANG.. Also provided are processes for preparing such high activity catalysts and various uses thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2000
    Assignee: Cytec Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Peter Joseph Shukis, James Donald Carruthers, Vincent Joseph Lostaglio
  • Patent number: 5968348
    Abstract: A process for converting a charge of heavy hydrocarbons containing components boiling above 1000.degree. F. to a product containing a decreased content of components boiling above 1000.degree. F. and decreased sediment content employing a NiMo catalyst having a specified pore distribution under hydroconversion conditions is disclosed. The process includes contacting the charge of heavy hydrocarbon with hydrogen in the presence of a heterogeneous catalyst supported on alumina and containing .ltoreq.2.5 wt % of silica and bearing 2.2 to 6 wt % of a Group VIII metal oxide, 7 to 24 wt % of a Group VIB metal oxide and 0.3 to 2 wt % of a loaded phosphorus oxide, the phosphorous being loaded onto the catalyst as aqueous phosphoric acid. The catalyst also may be characterized by having a Total Surface Area of 175 to 205 m.sup.2 /g, a Total Pore Volume of 0.82 to 0.98 cc/g, and a Pore Diameter Distribution wherein 29.6 to 33.0% of the Total Pore Volume is present as macropores of diameter greater than 250 .ANG., 67.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1999
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventor: David Edward Sherwood, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5954947
    Abstract: A mild hydroconversion process for petroleum cuts using a catalyst comprising at least one matrix, at least one Y zeolite with a lattice parameter which is in the range 24.15 .ANG. to 24.38 .ANG. (1 nm--10 .ANG.), at least one Y zeolite with a lattice parameter of more than 24.38 .ANG. and less than or equal to 24.51 .ANG., and at least one hydro-dehydrogenating element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Samuel Mignard, Nathalie George-Marchal, Eric Benazzi, Slavik Kasztelan
  • Patent number: 5954944
    Abstract: A process for producing middle distillates by hydrocracking a heavy distillate oil under middle pressure uses a hydrofining catalyst and a hydrocracking catalyst in series and once-through operation. The once-through volume conversion to 350.degree. C.--products is up to 80 vol. %. The yield and selectivity of middle distillates are greater than 40 wt % and less than 50 wt %, respectively. The process is particularly suited to treat heavy distillate oil having the nitrogen content of up to 1500 ppmw, the sulfur content of up to 3.5 wt % and dry point in the boiling range of higher than 500.degree. C. to produce the feed for reforming process, jet fuel, the low sulfur content diesel, the feed for catalytic cracker and the feed for producing ethylene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignees: China Petrochemical Corp., Research Institute of Petroleum Processing Sinopec
    Inventors: Yanping Zhang, Yulin Shi, Zhenlin Xiong, Jianwen Shi, Hong Nie, Yahua Shi, Yigin Zhu, Zhihai Hu
  • Patent number: 5944983
    Abstract: This invention relates to a hydrotreating catalyst for a hydrocarbon oil and also to a process for hydrotreating the hydrocarbon oil by using the catalyst. More specifically, the present invention is concerned with a hydrotreating catalyst formed by having a hydrogenation-active component supported on a silica-alumina carrier and having a specific pore distribution and also with a hydrotreating process making use of the catalyst for the removal of sulfur compounds and nitrogen compounds from a hydrocarbon oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1999
    Assignee: Tonen Corporation
    Inventors: Fumitaka Hayashi, Akira Kamo, Hiroshi Toshima, Akira Saiai
  • Patent number: 5928499
    Abstract: A process for hydrotreating a hydrocarbon feed containing components boiling above 1000.degree. F. and sulfur, metals and carbon residue utilizing a heterogeneous catalyst having a specified pore size distribution, median pore diameter by surface area and pore mode by volume, to give a product containing a decreased content of components boiling above 1000.degree. F. and decreased sulfur, metals and carbon residue is disclosed. The process includes contacting the hydrocarbon feed with hydrogen in the presence of the catalyst at isothermal hydroconversion conditions. The catalyst includes an porous alumina support containing less than or equal to 2.5 wt % silica on the finished catalyst basis, and bearing 2.2 to 6 wt % of a Group VIII metal oxide, 7 to 24 wt % of a Group VIB metal oxide and preferably less than 0.2 wt % of a phosphorous oxide. The catalyst may be characterized as having a Total Surface Area of 215 to 245 m.sup.2 /g, a Total Pore Volume of 0.82 to 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: Texaco Inc
    Inventors: David Edward Sherwood, Jr., Pei-Shing Eugene Dai
  • Patent number: 5928501
    Abstract: A process for treating a hydrocarbon oil feed to reduce total acid number (TAN) and increase API gravity employs a catalyst which includes one or more metals of non-noble Group VIII of the periodic table (e.g., iron, cobalt and nickel), and at least one metal selected from Group VIB (e.g., chromium, tungsten and molybdenum) on a phosphorus treated carbon support, the phosphorus treated carbon support being comprised of phosphorus bound to the carbon surface predominantly as polyphosphate species characterized by peaks between -5 and -30 ppm in the solid-state magic angle spinning .sup.31 P nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum. The process includes blending the catalyst with the hydrocarbon oil feed to form a slurry which is then treated with hydrogen at moderate temperature and pressure in, for example, a tubular reactor. Deposit formation is minimized or avoided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Chakka Sudhakar, Mark T. Caspary, Stephen J. DeCanio
  • Patent number: 5925235
    Abstract: A layered hydrocracking catalyst system has high middle distillate selectivity when used for hydrocracking a high sulfur and high nitrogen containing feedstock. The layered system comprises a first layer catalyst with contains a zeolite having a unit cell size of greater than about 24.35 Angstroms, and a second layer catalyst which contains a zeolite having a unit cell size of less than about 24.30 Angstroms. The layered system is particularly beneficial in terms of catalyst life and product selectivity for reactors operated under conditions of a high temperature profile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1999
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventor: Mohammad M. Habib
  • Patent number: 5910241
    Abstract: Catalyst comprising a porous inorganic refractory oxide wherein the catalyst has:(a) a total pore volume in the range of from 0.2 to 0.5 ml/g,(b) a macroporosity of at least 0.1 ml/g,(c) a microporosity of at least 0.05 ml/g, and(d) a surface area of at least 5 m.sup.2 /g.Process for reducing the amount of solid contaminants and the amount or dissolved metallic contaminants, wherein a hydrocarbon oil containing such contaminants is contacted with hydrogen under hydrotreating conditions in the presence of the above catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 8, 1999
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: David John McNamara, Willem Hartman Jurriaan Stork
  • Patent number: 5888380
    Abstract: A catalyst composition suitable for effecting simultaneous hydrodesulphurisation and hydrodemetallisation of sulphur and metals containing feedstocks which shows a high hydrodesulphurisation activity, a high hydrodemetallisation activity, and a long life is disclosed.The catalyst includes: a) a support, at least 90 wt. % of which includes alumina, which alumina has an R value of from 0.08 to 0.30, the R value being defined as the ratio between the integrated intensity of the X-ray diffraction peak at 2 .theta.=32.degree. and the integrated intensity of the X-ray diffraction peak at 2 .theta.=46.degree., b) from 2 to 8 wt. % of a Group VIB metal component, calculated as metal, c) from 0.5 to 2.5 wt. % of a Group VIII metal component, calculated as metal; and d) a pore size distribution as determined by nitrogen adsorption satisfying the following requirements: (i) a pore volume of from 0.5 to 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1999
    Assignee: Nippon Ketjen Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuhisa Fujita, Tetsuro Kamo, Masafumi Shimowake, Yoshimasa Inoue
  • Patent number: 5888378
    Abstract: A process for catalytic cracking of a hydrocarbon feedstock feeds to produce an enhanced yield of C.sub.3 to C.sub.5 olefins comprises contacting the feedstock with a catalyst composition comprising a large pore molecular sieve having a pore size greater than about 7 Angstrom and an additive component comprising a phosphorus-containing zeolite having a Constraint Index of about 1 to about 12 and a crystal size less than 0.2 micron.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1999
    Assignee: Mobile Oil Corporation
    Inventor: Jocelyn Anne Kowalski
  • Patent number: 5879539
    Abstract: The invention concerns a catalyst for conversion of hydrocarbon feeds. The catalyst is essentially constituted by 0.05% to 10% by weight of a precious metal and a silica (5-70%)/alumina support with a specific surface area of 100-500m.sup.2 /g. The catalyst has an average pore diameter of 1-12 nm, the pore volume of pores with diameters between the average diameter.+-.3 nm being more than 40% of the total pore volume. The dispersion of the precious metal is 20-100% and the distribution coefficient for the precious metal is greater than 0.1.The invention also concerns a process for the hydroisomerization of feeds with boiling points of more than 350.degree. C. using this catalyst. The process is operated between 200.degree. C. and 450.degree. C. at 2-25 MPa with a VVH of 0.1-10 h.sup.-1 and a hydrogen/feed volume ratio of 100-2000.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 9, 1999
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Samuel Mignard, Nathalie Marchal, Slavik Kasztelan, Pierre-Henri Bigeard, Alain Billon
  • Patent number: 5868923
    Abstract: An improved ebullated bed hydroconversion process is disclosed that utilizes a bimodal heterogeneous catalyst and a metal containing oil-miscible-catalysts compound to achieve a reduction in sediment, an increase in conversion, a reduction in the energy utilized to maintain reaction conditions and increases the stability of the ebullated catalyst bed. The oil-miscible compound may be provided in a concentration so as to provide about 1 to about 60 wppm metal based on the charge hydrocarbon oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1999
    Assignee: Texaco Inc
    Inventors: Michael K. Porter, Glenn A. Clausen, Jeffery B. Harrison, Ajit K. Bhattacharya
  • Patent number: 5853570
    Abstract: A catalytically cracked gasoline feedstock is desulfurized under reaction conditions of a hydrogen feed rate measured at the reactor inlet of from 1 to 5 mols per mol of the feedstock oil and of from 5 to 50 mols per mol of the olefin components contained in the feedstock oil, a reaction temperature of from 200.degree. to 300.degree. C., a total pressure inside the reactor of from 10 to 20 kg/cm.sup.2 G, and a liquid hourly space velocity of from 2 to 8 l/hr, and using a catalyst which comprises a support mainly comprising alumina and having a surface area of 200 m.sup.2 /g or larger, wherein MoO.sub.3 in an amount of from 10 to 20 wt % and CoO in an amount of from 3 to 6 wt % in terms of inner content are fixed to the support, and the weight ratio of MoO.sub.3 to CoO is from 2.5 to 4.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1998
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Oil Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shigeto Hatanaka, Osamu Sadakane, Satoru Hikita, Tadao Miyama
  • Patent number: 5851382
    Abstract: Hydrodesulfurization of cracked naphtha, with minimum attendant hydrogenation of olefins, is effected over a sulfided catalyst bearing (i) a non-noble Group VIII metal, and (ii) a Group VI-B metal, and (iii) a metal of Group I-A, and optionally (iv) a metal of Group II-A, on a support comprising hydrotalcite-like composition, optionally containing less than or equal to 20% by weight of an inert inorganic compound selected from the group consisting of silica, silica-alumina, titania, clays, carbon black, and mixtures thereof, used as a binder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 22, 1998
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventor: Chakka Sudhakar
  • Patent number: 5837131
    Abstract: A method for desulfurizing a light sour oil by contacting the hydrocarbon fluid with a mesoporous catalyst at temperatures in the range of 20.degree.-500.degree. C. in the absence of molecular hydrogen to promote carbon--carbon and carbon-sulfur bond formation and increase the boiling point of sulfur containing hydrocarbons. The mesoporous catalyst is selected from the group consisting of alumina-silicate, alumina and silica, and is impregnated with an oxide of a metal that forms coordinate bonds with hydrocarbons in the hydrocarbon fluid. Suitable metals are aluminium, scandium, titanium, vanadium, chromium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper and zinc. The hydrocarbon fluid may be contacted with the mesoporous catalyst in the presence of up to about 1 mole oxygen for each mole of sulfur in the sulfur containing hydrocarbons, or in the presence of an unsaturated hydrocarbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1998
    Assignee: University Technologies International Inc.
    Inventor: Peter David Clark
  • Patent number: 5827421
    Abstract: A process for hydrotreating a charge hydrocarbon feed containing components boiling above 1000.degree. F. and sulfur, metals, and carbon residue, to provide product containing decreased levels of components having a boiling point greater than 1000.degree. F., decreased levels of sulfur, particularly decreased sulfur contents in the unconverted 1000.degree. F.+ boiling point products, and reduced sediment, which comprises:contacting said hydrocarbon feed with hydrogen at isothermal hydroprocessing conditions in the presence of, as catalyst, a porous alumina support containing .ltoreq.0.5 wt % of silica, wherein no silicon containing components, particularly silicon oxide, are intentionally added to the alumina, alumina support, impregnating solution or impregnating solutions, and bearing 2.2-6 wt % of a Group VIII metal oxide, 7-24 wt % of a Group VIB metal oxide and 0.0-2.0 wt % of a phosphorus oxide,said catalyst having a Total Surface Area of 195-230 m.sup.2 /g, a Total Pore Volume of 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1998
    Assignee: Texaco Inc
    Inventor: David Edward Sherwood, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5820749
    Abstract: The invention relates to catalytic hydrogenation processes for hydrocarbon molecules of number-average molecular weight greater than about 180, and to use therein of an inert catalyst support comprising porous refractory substrate particles having: a) a pore volume distribution wherein i) pores having diameters >150,000 .ANG. constitute greater than about 2% of the total volume, ii) pores having diameters >20,000 .ANG. and <150,000 .ANG. constitute greater than about 1% of the total volume, iii) pores having diameters >2,000 .ANG. and <20,000 .ANG. constitute greater than about 12% of the total volume; and, b) a total pore volume of from about 45% to 86% of the total volume of the substrate particles. Using the invention increased resin productivity of 150% or more can be achieved in industrial operations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1998
    Assignee: Exxon Chemical Patents, Inc.
    Inventors: Jerry L. Haluska, Richard B. Pannell
  • Patent number: 5817594
    Abstract: Catalyst comprising a porous inorganic refractory oxide wherein the catalyst has:(a) a total pore volume in the range of from 0.2 to 0.5 ml/g,(b) a macroporosity of at least 0.1 ml/g,(c) a microporosity of at least 0.05 ml/g, and(d) a surface area of at least 5 m.sup.2 /g.Process for reducing the amount of solid contaminants and the amount or dissolved metallic contaminants, wherein a hydrocarbon oil containing such contaminants is contacted with hydrogen under hydrotreating conditions in the presence of the above catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1998
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: David John McNamara, Willem Hartmann Jurriaan Stork
  • Patent number: 5744025
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for hydrotreating a metal-contaminated hydrocarbonaceous feedstock of which at least 60% wt. boils at a temperature 370.degree. C., the process comprising contacting the feedstock at elevated temperature and elevated pressure in the presence of hydrogen with one or more catalyst beds each of a first catalyst, a second catalyst and a third catalyst, wherein(i) the first catalyst comprises a Group VI and/or a Group VIII hydrogenation metal component on an inorganic oxide support having at least 40% of its pore volume in pores with diameters in the range from 17 nm to 25 nm and a surface area in the range from 100 m.sup.2 /g to 160 m.sup.2 /g;(ii) the second catalyst comprises a Group VI and/or a Group VIII hydrogenation metal component on an inorganic oxide support having at least 40% of its pore volume in pores with diameters in the range from 3 nm to 17 nm and a surface area in the range from 160 m.sup.2 /g to 350 m.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 28, 1998
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Andries Qirin Maria Boon, Constantinus Johannes Jacobus Den Ouden, Opinder Kishen Bhan
  • Patent number: 5676822
    Abstract: A process for treating a charge hydrocarbon oil containing undesired aromatic components, sulfur and nitrogen compounds, which comprises maintaining a bed of a sulfided catalyst comprising 0.1 to 15% by weight of one or more non-noble Group VIII metals; and from 1 to 50% by weight of tungsten and/or from 1 to 20% by weight or molybdenum or chromium, and 0.01 to 10% by weight of zinc, on an activated carbon support, passing a charge hydrocarbon feed in the presence of hydrogen into contact with said catalyst at hydrotreating conditions, thereby effecting hydrogenation, hydrodearomatization, hydrodesulfurization and hydrodenitrogenation of said charge hydrocarbon feed containing undesired aromatic components, sulfur and nitrogen, and forming a product stream of hydrocarbon containing a lesser concentration of undesired aromatic components, sulfur and nitrogen; and recovering said product stream of hydrocarbon containing a lesser concentration of undesired aromatic components, sulfur and nitrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 14, 1997
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventor: Chakka Sudhakar
  • Patent number: 5651878
    Abstract: A naphtha or a middle distillate hydrocarbon is hydrodearomatized by hydrotreating in the presence of a catalyst containing a carbon support bearing (i) molybdenum or tungsten, (ii) a metal or non-noble Group VIII, and (iii) chromium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 29, 1997
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Chakka Sudhakar, Frank Dolfinger, Jr., Max Raphael Cesar
  • Patent number: 5624547
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for pretreatment of hydrocarbon feed containing sulfur and nitrogen compounds and aromatics prior to hydrocracking or fluid catalytic cracking which comprises:contacting said feedstock with a sulfided catalyst comprising a metal of non-noble Group VIII and Group VIB, and, optionally one or more elements selected from Group IIIA and Group VA of the Periodic Table on a carbon support consisting essentially of activated carbon, optionally on a carbon support treated with phosphorus, having a B.E.T. (Braunauer-Emmett Teller) surface area of at least 100 m.sup.2 /g and an average Pore Diameter greater than 12.ANG. and a Total Pore Volume greater than 0.3 cc/g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 29, 1997
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Chakka Sudhakar, Paul O. Fritz, Carl J. Kjellson, Hua-Min Huang, Gerald G. Sandford
  • Patent number: 5620592
    Abstract: A catalyst, and method of preparing and using a catalyst, for the hydrodesulfurization of metal-containing heavy feedstocks, which has improved catalytic life and metals capacity. The catalyst contains Group VIB and Group VIII metals or metal compounds on a support comprising alumina wherein the support has 70 volume percent of its pore volume in pores having a diameter of between 140 and 220 .ANG..
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 15, 1997
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventor: Richard S. Threlkel
  • Patent number: 5593570
    Abstract: A physically intermixed catalyst system comprising two distinctly different catalytic particles, the first of which is a hydrodenitrification and/or hydrodesulfurization catalyst and the second of which is a relatively active hydrocracking catalyst, wherein the catalyst particles of both catalytic components are substantially the same size, that is the effective diameter of each catalyst component is substantially the same. The catalyst system of the present invention can be layered with unmixed catalysts. The novel systems of the present invention have been found to provide surprisingly good selectivity for liquid products and stability against catalyst fouling when used in combined hydrotreating and hydrocracking applications, and can therefore be used to provide a stable catalyst system which offers even heat distribution and reactor control in such applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 14, 1997
    Assignee: Chevron Research and Technology Company, A Division of Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Mohammad M. Habib, Philip L. Winslow, Richard O. Moore, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5514274
    Abstract: A process for the simultaneous hydrodenitrogenation and hydrodesulfurization of a gas oil utilizing a novel catalyst. The novel hydroprocessing catalyst comprises an overlayer of at least one Group VIB metal component, at least one Group VIII metal component and at least one phosphorous component on a support comprising at least one underbedded phosphorus component combined with a porous refractory oxide, said catalyst having a median pore diameter from about 60 to about 120 .ANG..
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 7, 1996
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventor: Howard D. Simpson
  • Patent number: 5514273
    Abstract: Heavy oils may be hydrotreated in the presence of a porous alumina support bearing metals of Group VIII, excluding cobalt, and VI-B and optionally phosphorus, the catalyst having a Total Surface Area of 240-320 m.sup.2 /g, a Total Pore Volume of 0.65-0.9 cc/g, and a Pore Diameter Distribution whereby 50-62.8% of the Total Pore Volume is present as micropores of diameter 55-115 .ANG. and 20-30.5% of the Total Pore Volume is present as macropores of diameter greater than 250 .ANG..The heavy oils and hydrogen are contacted with the catalyst such that the catalyst is maintained at isothermal conditions and is exposed to a uniform quality of feed. The process is particularly effective in achieving desired levels of hydroconversion of feedstock components having a boiling point greater than 1000.degree. F. to products having a boiling point less than 1000.degree. F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 7, 1996
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: David E. Sherwood, Jr., Pei-Shing E. Dai, Charles N. Campbell, II
  • Patent number: 5494568
    Abstract: A catalyst containing an overlayer of a catalytic promoter on a porous refractory support containing an underbedded Group VIII metal-containing component. The catalyst is prepared by sequential incorporation of the Group VIII metal followed by the additional catalytic promoter component, usually a Group VIB metal, with the porous refractory oxide support. The catalyst has a MoO.sub.3 /NiO weight ratio less than 6 to 1 and more than 4 weight percent of NiO. The catalyst is especially useful for simultaneous hydrodenitrogenation and hydrodesulfurization of a gas oil, particularly when the refractory oxide support has a narrow pore size distribution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 27, 1996
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventors: Howard D. Simpson, Suheil F. Abdo
  • Patent number: 5472595
    Abstract: A process for treating a charge hydrocarbon oil containing undesired aromatic components, sulfur and nitrogen compounds, which comprisesmaintaining a bed of a sulfided catalyst comprising 0.1 to 15% by weight of nickel; and from 1 to 50% by weight of tungsten and 0.01 to 10% by weight of phosphorus, on an activated carbon support, andpassing a charge hydrocarbon feed in the presence of hydrogen into contact with said catalyst at hydrotreating conditions, thereby effecting hydrodearomatization, hydrodesulfurization and hydrodenitrogenation of said charge hydrocarbon feed containing undesired aromatic components, sulfur and nitrogen, and forming a product stream of hydrocarbon containing a lesser quantity of undesired aromatic components, sulfur and nitrogen; andrecovering said product stream of hydrocarbon containing a lesser quantity of undesired aromatic components, sulfur and nitrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 5, 1995
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Chakka Sudhakar, Frank Dolfinger, Jr., Max R. Cesar, Mahendra S. Patel
  • Patent number: 5468709
    Abstract: Catalysts for hydrodesulfurization and hydrodenitrogenation of hydrocarbon oils are provided which have high catalytic activity, excellent productivity and low pollution. The catalysts are made from an alumina carrier substance, at least one active metal element selected from the Group VI metals in the periodic table, at least one active metal element chosen from the Group VIII metals in the periodic table, phosphoric acid, and an additive agent. The additive agent is at least one substance selected from dihydric or trihydric alcohols having 2-10 carbon atoms per one molecule, ethers of the alcohols, monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides. A method for preparing the catalysts is also provided and includes impregnating the alumina carrier substance with a solution mixed with a certain amount of the active metal elements, phosphoric acid and the additive agent, and drying the impregnated carrier substance at a temperature of less than 200.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 21, 1995
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Mining Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Eiji Yamaguchi, Yuji Uragami, Hideharu Yokozuka, Kikoo Uekusa, Toshio Yamaguchi, Satoshi Abe, Tetsuro Kamo, Takao Suzuki
  • Patent number: 5468371
    Abstract: Heavy hydrocarbons are hydrotreated to increase content of components boiling below 1000.degree. F. by contact with Group VIII non-noble metal oxide and Group VIB metal oxide on alumina having a Total Surface Area of 175-220 m.sup.2 /g, a Total Pore Volume (TPV) of 0.6-0.8, and a Pore Diameter Distribution whereby .ltoreq.33% of the TPV is present as primary micropores of diameter .ltoreq.100 .ANG., at least about 41% of TPV is present as secondary micropores of diameter of about 100 .ANG.-200 .ANG., and about 16%-26% of the TPV is present as mesopores of diameter .gtoreq.200 .ANG.. Phosphorus containing compounds are avoided during catalyst preparation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 21, 1995
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Gerald V. Nelson, Govanon Nongbri, Roy E. Pratt
  • Patent number: 5462651
    Abstract: A process for simultaneous hydrodearomatization, hydrodesulfurization and hydrodenitrogenation of a charge hydrocarbon oil containing undesired aromatic components, sulfur and nitrogen compounds, which comprises:maintaining a bed of a sulfided metal catalyst comprising one or more metals of non-noble Group VIII, at least one metal selected from tungsten and molybdenum on a novel "phosphorus treated carbon" support, the "phosphorus treated carbon" support being comprised of phosphorus bound to the carbon surface predominantly as polyphosphate species characterized by peaks between -5 and -30 ppm in the solid-state magic angle spinning .sup.31 P nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum;passing a charge hydrocarbon feed in the presence of hydrogen into contact with said catalyst at hydrotreating conditions, thereby effecting hydrodearomatization, and simultaneously effecting hydrodesulfurization and hydrodenitrogenation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 31, 1995
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Chakka Sudhakar, Frank Dolfinger, Jr., Max R. Cesar, Mahendra S. Patel, Paul O. Fritz
  • Patent number: 5441630
    Abstract: Hydrodesulfurization of a cracked naphtha is effected in the presence of, as catalyst, a non-noble metal of Group VIII and a metal of Group VI-B on an alumina support containing a hydrotalcite-like composition. The process of the instant invention gives high levels of hydrodesulfurization compared to prior art magnesia-containing catalysts and lower levels of olefin saturation, and less octane reduction in the desulfurized gasoline.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 15, 1995
    Assignee: Texaco, Inc.
    Inventors: Eugene P.-S. Dai, David E. Sherwood, Jr., Bobby R. Martin, Randall H. Petty
  • Patent number: 5435908
    Abstract: Heavy hydrocarbons are hydrotreated to increase content of components boiling below 1000.degree. F. by contact with Group VIII non-noble metal oxide and Group VI-B metal oxide on alumina having a Total Surface Area of 150-240 m.sup.2 /g, a Total Pore Volume, (TPV) of 0.7-0.98, and a Pore Diameter Distribution whereby .ltoreq.20% of the TPV is present as primary micropores of diameter .ltoreq.100 .ANG., at least about 34% of TPV is present as secondary micropores of diameter of about 100 .ANG.-200 .ANG., and about 26%-46% of the TPV is present as mesopores of diameter >200 .ANG..
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 25, 1995
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Gerald V. Nelson, Govanon Nongbri, Roy E. Pratt, David E. Sherwood, Jr., Pei-Shing E. Dai
  • Patent number: 5435907
    Abstract: A naphtha or a middle distillate hydrocarbon is dehydroaromatized by hydrotreating in the presence of a catalyst containing non-noble Group VIII metal and Group VI-B metal on carbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 25, 1995
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Chakka Sudhakar, Frank Dolfinger, Jr., Dennis J. Pao, John Hazen
  • Patent number: 5423975
    Abstract: Naphtha is selectively hydrodesulfurized using spent resid upgrading catalyst to remove sulfur while minimizing loss in octane level due to olefin saturation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 13, 1995
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Chakka Sudhakar, Gerald G. Sandford, Ajit K. Bhattacharya
  • Patent number: 5399259
    Abstract: Heavy oils may be hydrotreated in the presence of a porous alumina support bearing metals of Group VIII and VI-B and optionally phosphorus, the catalyst having a Total Surface Area of 165-230 m.sup.2 /g, a Total Pore Volume of 0.5-0.8 cc.g, and a Pore Diameter Distribution whereby less than about 5% of the Total Pore Volume is present as primary micropores of diameter less than 80.ANG., and secondary micropores of diameter of .+-.20.ANG. of a Pore Mode of 100-135.ANG. are present in amount of at least about 65% of the micropore volume having pores with diameter less than 250.ANG., and 22-29% of the Total Pore Volume is present as macropores of diameter >250.ANG.. The process of the instant invention is particularly effective in achieving desired levels of hydrodemetallation, hydrodesulfurization, and hydrocracking of asphaltenes in the fraction of hydrotreated/hydrocracked petroleum resid product having a boiling point greater than 1000.degree. F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 21, 1995
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Pei-Shing E. Dai, Gerald V. Nelson, Govanon Nongbri, Roy E. Pratt, David E. Sherwood, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5389241
    Abstract: A method of selectively hydrodenitrogenating various raw hydrocarbon oils such as various petroleum feedstocks, coal liquids, shale oils and sand oils, which method comprises passing the raw hydrocarbon oil along with hydrogen (H.sub.2) over sulfided carbon supported Fe--Mo catalysts, whereby the raw hydrocarbon oil is hydrodenitrogenated with a selectivity significantly higher than that is possible with conventional alumina supported hydrotreating catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 14, 1995
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Chakka Sudhakar, Gerald G. Sandford, Frank Dolfinger, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5376258
    Abstract: There is disclosed a process for hydrogenating treatment of a heavy hydrocarbon oil comprising the successive steps of (1) hydrogenating-demetalizing treatment, (2) hydrocracking treatment and (3) hydrodesulfurizing-hydrodenitrifying treatment in the presence of respective catalysts which process comprises employing in the hydrodesulfurizing-hydrodenitrifying treatment, a catalyst having a pore size distribution restricted to a specific range as measured by nitrogen release method. According to the above-mentioned process, a product oil with a low sulfur content can be obtained in high cracking efficiency from a heavy hydrocarbon oil without equipment trouble due to sludge formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 27, 1994
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yukihiro Sakoda
  • Patent number: 5368722
    Abstract: Process for the hydrotreating of a hydrocarbon feedstock, wherein the feedstock is passed through a fixed bed catalyst system of a hydrotreating catalyst comprising a physical mixture of high void catalyst particles and low void catalyst particles, which particles are mixed in different amounts in different layers of the catalyst bed so as to obtain within the fixed bed catalyst system a layered structure with different layers having different mixing ratios of the high and low void particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 29, 1994
    Assignee: Haldor Topsoe A/S
    Inventor: Jesper Bartholdy
  • Patent number: 5340466
    Abstract: Hydrodesulfurization of a cracked naphtha is effected in the presence of, as catalyst, an alkali metal, a metal of Group VIII, and a metal of Group VI-B on an alumina support containing a hydrotalcite-like composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 23, 1994
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Pei-Shing E. Dai, David E. Sherwood, Jr., Randall Hughes Petty
  • Patent number: 5334307
    Abstract: A catalyst useful for hydroprocessing a hydrocarbon-containing oil contains at least one hydrogenation component on an amorphous, porous refractory oxide support containing between 2 and 8 weight percent of silica. The catalyst is prepared by impregnating support particles having a narrow pore size distribution and a median pore diameter greater than about 120 angstroms with a solution containing precursors of the hydrogenation components, followed by drying and calcining. The catalyst is useful for promoting a number of hydrocarbon hydroprocessing reactions, particularly simultaneous hydrogenative desulfurization, demetallization and denitrogenation of residuum-containing oils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 2, 1994
    Assignee: Union Oil Company of California
    Inventors: Howard D. Simpson, Marvin J. Schwedock, John W. Ward
  • Patent number: 5332490
    Abstract: A process for hydrodewaxing a hydrocarbon feedstock boiling above about 350.degree. F. by contacting the feedstock and hydrogen at a hydrogen pressure of from about 300 to about 2000 psig at a temperature of 400.degree. to 900.degree. F. and at a space velocity of about 0.1 to about 10.0 LHSV with a catalyst comprising about 0.1 to about 23 wt. % of an oxide of a Group VIII metal, such as nickel, or an oxide of a Group VIB metal, such as molybdenum; supported on a porous alumina support containing about 50 to about 85 wt. % of a crystalline alumino-silicate zeolite of the ZSM-5 type based on the weight of the support. The catalyst is further characterized by having greater than 60% of the pore volume between 45-600 Angstroms in the 70-200 Angstrom range. The process is especially useful for dewaxing lubricating oil basestocks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 26, 1994
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Robert J. Taylor, Jr., Pei-Shing E. Dai, Randall H. Petty, Joseph A. Durkin
  • Patent number: 5322616
    Abstract: A mild hydrocracking process for the hydrodemetallation (HDM), hydrodesulfurization (HDS) and hydroconversion (HC) of hydrocarbon feedstocks such as residuum feedstocks which provides increased conversion and increased yields of middle distillates is disclosed. The process utilizes a catalyst comprising about 1.0 to about 6.0 wt. % of an oxide of a Group VIII metal, about 12.0 to about 25.0 wt. % of an oxide of molybdenum and about 0 to about 5.0 wt. % of an oxide of phosphorus supported on a porous alumina support containing about 0.1 to about 10.0 wt. % of lithium oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 21, 1994
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Pei-Shing E. Dai, Charles N. Campbell, II, Joseph A. Durkin, David E. Sherwood, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5320743
    Abstract: A mild hydrocracking process for the hydrodemetallation (HDM), hydrodesulfurization (HDS) and hydroconversion (HC) of hydrocarbon feedstocks such as residuum feedstocks which provides increased conversion of the 1000.degree. F.+ hydrocarbon fraction to the 1000.degree. F.- fraction and increased yields of middle distillates is disclosed. The process utilizes a catalyst comprising about 2.0 to about 6.0 wt. % of an oxide of a Group VIII metal, about 12.0 to about 25.0 wt. % of an oxide of molybdenum and 0 to about 3.0 wt. % of an oxide of phosphorus supported on a porous alumina support containing about 4.0 to about 30 wt. % of silica.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 14, 1994
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Pei-Shing E. Dai, Charles N. Campbell II, Bobby R. Martin, Randall H. Petty
  • Patent number: 5308472
    Abstract: A mild hydrocracking process for the hydrodemetallation (HDM), hydrodesulfurization (HDS) and hydroconversion (HC) of hydrocarbon feedstocks such as residuum feedstocks which provides increased conversion of heavy hydrocarbons boiling above 1000.degree. F. into products boiling below 1000.degree. F. as well as increased yields of middle distillates is disclosed. The process utilizes a catalyst comprising about 1.0 to about 6.0 wt. % of an oxide of a Group VIII metal, about 12.0 to about 25.0 wt. % of an oxide of molybdenum and 0.1 to about 5.0 wt. % of an oxide of phosphorus supported on a porous support comprising precipitated alumina or silica-containing alumina and hydrogen form, acidified, dealuminated Y-zeolite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1994
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Pei-Shing E. Dai, Charles N. Campbell, II, Bobby R. Martin, David E. Sherwood, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5300217
    Abstract: A catalyst useful for hydroprocessing a hydrocarbon-containing oil contains at least one hydrogenation component on an amorphous, porous refractory oxide containing delta alumina. The catalyst is prepared by impregnating support particles having a narrow pore size distribution and a median pore diameter greater than about 185 angstroms with a solution containing a precursor of the hydrogenation components, followed by drying and calcining. The catalyst is useful for promoting a number of hydrocarbon hydroprocessing reactions, particularly hydrogenative desulfurization, demetallation and denitrogenation, and most particularly, hydrodemetallation of residuum-containing oils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 5, 1994
    Assignee: Union Oil Company of California
    Inventors: Howard D. Simpson, Milan Skripek