Catalytic Patents (Class 208/66)
  • Patent number: 10144885
    Abstract: This present disclosure relates to processes and apparatuses for transforming feedstock with high levels of benzene into a low-benzene content product that is suitable for gasoline blending. The benzene rich reformate stream is split in a reformate splitter and the benzene in the benzene rich reformate is saturated in a benzene saturation unit and the gases like hydrogen and LPG are recovered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Pankaj Kumar Singh, Alexander V. Sabitov, David J. Shecterle, Mohamed S. M. Shakur, Rajaraman Panchapakesan
  • Patent number: 9334451
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon feedstock is hydrocracked in a hydrocracking zone and the effluent is fractioned to recover a light fraction, a middle fraction containing aromatic compounds and a heavy fraction. The heavy fraction is recycled to the hydrocracking zone for further hydrocracking. The middle fraction is introduced to an aromatic separation zone. A product stream is recovered from the aromatic separation zone comprising a middle fraction having a reduced content of aromatic compounds as compared to the middle fraction recovered from the fractionator. Aromatics from the aromatic separation zone are recycled to the hydrocracking zone for further hydrogenation and cracking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2016
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Omer Refa Koseoglu, Adnan Al-Hajji, Ali Mahmood Al-Somali, Hendrik Muller, Mohammed Abdullah Al-Ghamdi
  • Patent number: 9260670
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for the selective hydrogenation of diolefins and sulfur compounds that are contained in a pyrolysis gasoline feedstream. The process includes utilizing a single hydrotreating reaction stage by introducing the pyrolysis gasoline feedstock that includes a diolefin concentration and an organic sulfur concentration into a reactor that is loaded with a high activity hydrotreating catalyst and which is operated under selective hydrogenation conditions. A reactor effluent having a reduced diolefin concentration and a reduced organic sulfur concentration is yielded from the reactor and is separated into a portion that is recycled as a reactor feed. The remaining portion of the reactor effluent is passed downstream for further processing or handling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Dane Clark Grenoble, Paul Benjerman Himelfarb, Michael Norris Treybig, Brian Scott Vanderwilp
  • Patent number: 9221728
    Abstract: Embodiments of apparatuses and methods for reforming of hydrocarbons including recovery of products are provided. In one example, a method comprises separating a reforming-zone effluent into a H2, C6? hydrocarbon-containing gas phase and a C5+ hydrocarbon-containing liquid phase. The H2, (C1-C11) hydrocarbon-containing gas phase is partially condensed and separated to form a H2, C6? hydrocarbon-containing net gas stream and a C3+ hydrocarbon-containing liquid stream. The C5+ hydrocarbon-containing liquid phase, the C3+ hydrocarbon-containing liquid stream, and at least a portion of the H2, C6+ hydrocarbon-containing net gas stream are introduced to a re-contacting recovery zone for forming a H2-rich stream, a C3/C4 hydrocarbon-rich LPG stream, and a C5+ hydrocarbon-rich reformate stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Laxmikant Bharuka, Sudipta Ghosh, Ashutosh Sharma, Kenneth David Peters
  • Patent number: 9127217
    Abstract: A process of upgrading a highly aromatic hydrocarbon feedstream comprising (a) contacting a highly aromatic hydrocarbon feedstream, having a normal paraffin content of greater than at least about 5 wt %, wherein a major portion of the feedstream has a boiling range of from about 300° F. to about 800° F. under catalytic conditions with a catalyst system, containing a hydrotreating catalyst, a hydrogenation/hydrocracking catalyst, and a dewaxing catalyst in a single stage reactor system, wherein the active metals in the hydrogenation/hydrocracking catalyst comprises from about 5%-30% by weight of nickel and from about 5%-30% by weight tungsten; and (b) wherein at least a portion of the highly aromatic hydrocarbon feedstream is converted to a product stream having a boiling range within jet or diesel boiling ranges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Jaime Lopez, Janine Lichtenberger
  • Patent number: 9005429
    Abstract: The present invention relates to hydrocarbons and particularly to the manufacture of hydrocarbon components suitable as aviation fuels or jet fuels and as blending stocks for aviation fuels. The process comprises the stages, wherein in the first stage an oil feed of biological origin and hydrogen gas are subjected to conditions sufficient to effect hydrodeoxygenation in the presence of a hydrodeoxygenation catalyst to yield n-paraffins; in the second stage the n-paraffins and hydrogen gas are subjected to conditions sufficient to effect isomerization in the presence of an isomerization catalyst to yield isoparaffins and separating fractions; and recycling the fraction boiling at a temperature above 200° C. under atmospheric pressure obtained from the second stage to reisomerization, where isomerization is effected in the presence of an isomerization catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Neste Oil Oyj
    Inventors: Varpu Markkanen, Petri Lindqvist, Elina Harlin, Pekka Aalto, Jukka Myllyoja, Ville Alopaeus
  • Patent number: 8940950
    Abstract: The process relates to the use of any naphtha-range stream containing a portion of C8+ aromatics combined with benzene, toluene, and other non-aromatics in the same boiling range to produce toluene. By feeding the A8+ containing stream to a dealkylation/transalkylation/cracking reactor to increase the concentration of toluene in the stream, a more suitable feedstock for the methylation reaction can be produced. This stream can be obtained from a variety of sources, including the pygas stream from a steam cracker, “cat naphtha” from a fluid catalytic cracker, or the heavier portion of reformate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Justin M. Ellrich, Robert D. Strack, John W. Rebeck, Allen S. Gawlik, Larry L. Iaccino, Glenn C. Wood, Stephen H. Brown, Timothy Paul Bender
  • Publication number: 20140299515
    Abstract: Process for conversion of petroleum feed for production of low sulphur content fuel comprising the following steps: a step of ebullated bed hydroconversion of the feed in the presence of a supported catalyst, a separation step allowing a residual fraction to be obtained, a step of fixed bed hydrotreatment of the residual fraction using an upstream system of permutable reactors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2012
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicant: IFP Energies nouvelles
    Inventors: Wilfried Weiss, Jerome Majcher
  • Patent number: 8846995
    Abstract: A method for producing monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons of 6 to 8 carbon number from a feedstock oil having a 10 volume % distillation temperature of at least 140° C. and a 90 volume % distillation temperature of not more than 380° C., the method including: a cracking and reforming reaction step of obtaining a product containing monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons of 6 to 8 carbon number from the feedstock oil, a refining and collection step of refining and collecting monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons of 6 to 8 carbon number that have been separated from the product, a hydrogenation reaction step of hydrogenating a heavy fraction of 9 or more carbon number separated from the product, and a recycling step of returning the heavy fraction hydrogenation reaction product obtained in the hydrogenation reaction step to the cracking and reforming reaction step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
    Inventors: Shinichiro Yanagawa, Masahide Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 8801920
    Abstract: A catalytic reforming process for producing gasoline of reduced benzene content includes the steps of reforming a reformer feedstock that includes a naphtha stream to produce a gasoline reformate product stream; splitting the gasoline reformate product stream into one or more relatively benzene-rich fractions and one or more relatively benzene-lean fractions; and hydrogenating the one or more relatively benzene-rich fractions to produce a cyclohexane-rich effluent, at least a portion of which cyclohexane-rich effluent is recycled to constitute a portion of the reformer feedstock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Abdennour Bourane, Omer Koseoglu
  • Patent number: 8754276
    Abstract: A reverse flow regenerative reactor having first and second zones, each having first and second ends, the first zone having a plurality of channels capable of separately conveying at least two components of a combustible gas mixture, a gas distributor configured for injecting the components of the combustible gas mixture into first zone, a combustion zone including a selective combustion catalyst disposed at or downstream of the second end of said channels for catalyzing combustion, wherein the second zone is positioned and situated to receive a combusted gas mixture. Processes usefully conducted in the reactor are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: John Scott Buchanan, Stephen Mark Davis, Frank Hershkowitz, John Slocum Coleman, Seth McConkie Washburn
  • Patent number: 8753503
    Abstract: One exemplary embodiment can be a process for producing a reformate by combining a stream having an effective amount of isopentane and a stream having an effective amount of naphtha for reforming. Generally, the naphtha has not less than about 95%, by weight, of one or more compounds having a boiling point of about 38-about 260° C. as determined by ASTM D86-07. The process may include introducing the combined stream to a reforming reaction zone. The combined stream can have an isopentane:naphtha mass ratio of about 0.10:1.00-about 1.00:1.00.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Steven L. Krupa, Mark P. Lapinski, Clayton C. Sadler
  • Publication number: 20140144809
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for hydrocracking a primary hydrocarbon feed and a diesel co-feed in a hydrocracking unit and hydrotreating a diesel product from the hydrocracking unit in a hydrotreating unit. The diesel stream fed through the hydrocracking unit is pretreated to reduce sulfur and ammonia and can be upgraded with noble metal catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2012
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Peter Kokayeff, Paul R. Zimmerman
  • Patent number: 8715486
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for producing a new type of high-quality hydrocarbon base oil of biological origin. The process of the invention comprises ketonization, hydrodeoxygenation, and isomerization steps. Fatty acids and/or fatty acid esters based on a biological raw material are preferably used as the feedstock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Neste Oil Oyj
    Inventors: Jukka Myllyoja, Juha Jakkula, Pekka Aalto, Eija Koivusalmi, Juha Moilanen
  • Patent number: 8702969
    Abstract: A hydrocracking process that includes a wax fraction hydrocracking step of hydrocracking the wax fraction contained within a Fischer-Tropsch synthetic oil to obtain a hydrocracked product, a gas-liquid separation step of using a multi-stage gas-liquid separator to separate the hydrocracked product into a gas component, a heavy oil component and a light oil component, a specific component content estimation step of determining the flow rate ratio between the heavy oil component and the light oil component, and using this flow rate ratio to determine an estimated value for the content of a specific hydrocarbon component contained within the hydrocracked product, and a control step of controlling the operation of the wax fraction hydrocracking step on the basis of this estimated value, so that the content of the specific hydrocarbon component falls within a predetermined range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignees: Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation, Inpex Corporation, JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation, Japan Petroleum Exploration Co., Ltd., Cosmo Oil Co., Ltd., Nippon Steel Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiko Tasaka, Yuichi Tanaka, Marie Iwama
  • Patent number: 8696888
    Abstract: The invention concerns integration of hydroprocessing and steam cracking. A feed comprising crude or resid-containing fraction thereof is severely hydrotreated and passed to a steam cracker to obtain an olefins product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Paul F. Keusenkothen, Megan L. Renstrom, Julian A. Wolfenbarger, Stephen H. Brown, John S. Buchanan
  • Patent number: 8628655
    Abstract: A hydrocracking process that includes a wax fraction hydrocracking step of hydrocracking the wax fraction contained within a Fischer-Tropsch synthetic oil to obtain a hydrocracked product, a gas-liquid separation step of using a multi-stage gas-liquid separator to separate the hydrocracked product into a gas component, a heavy oil component and a light oil component, a specific component content estimation step of determining the flow rate ratio between the heavy oil component and the light oil component, and using this flow rate ratio to determine an estimated value for the content of a specific hydrocarbon component contained within the hydrocracked product, and a control step of controlling the operation of the wax fraction hydrocracking step on the basis of this estimated value, so that the content of the specific hydrocarbon component falls within a predetermined range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignees: Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation, Inpex Corporation, JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation, Japan Petroleum Exploration Co., Ltd., Cosmo Oil Co., Ltd., Nippon Steel Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiko Tasaka, Yuichi Tanaka, Marie Iwama
  • Publication number: 20130313161
    Abstract: A process of hydroprocessing a hydrocarbon in a down flow reactor comprising one or more hydroprocessing-catalyst beds. The hydrocarbon feed is mixed with hydrogen and optionally diluent to form a liquid feed mixture wherein hydrogen is dissolved in the mixture, and the liquid feed mixture is introduced into the down flow reactor under hydroprocessing conditions. The hydroprocessing-catalyst bed(s) are liquid-full and the feed reacts by contact with the catalyst. Hydrogen gas is injected into at least one of the hydroprocessing-catalyst beds such that at least part of the hydrogen consumed in that bed is replenished and the liquid-full condition is maintained. In a multi-bed reactor, hydrogen gas may be injected into more than one or all of the hydroprocessing-catalyst beds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Applicant: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventor: Hasan Dindi
  • Publication number: 20130264246
    Abstract: Provided are high viscosity high quality Group II lube base stocks with improved properties produced by an integrated hydrocracking and dewaxing process. In one form, the Group II lube base stock includes greater than or equal to 90 wt. % saturates, and less than 10 wt. % aromatics, and has an aromatic performance ratio between 1.0 and 5.0. Also provided are lubricant formulations including the high viscosity high quality Group II lube base stock.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Applicant: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Gretchen L. Holtzer, Ajit B. Dandekar, Charles L. Baker, Bradley R. Fingland, Bryan E. Hagee, Cathleen Yung, Frank C. Wang, Eugenio Sanchez, Rugved Prakash Pathare
  • Publication number: 20130193034
    Abstract: A catalytic reforming process for producing gasoline of reduced benzene content includes the steps of reforming a reformer feedstock that includes a naphtha stream to produce a gasoline reformate product stream; splitting the gasoline reformate product stream into one or more relatively benzene-rich fractions and one or more relatively benzene-lean fractions; and hydrogenating the one or more relatively benzene-rich fractions to produce a cyclohexane-rich effluent, at least a portion of which cyclohexane-rich effluent is recycled to constitute a portion of the reformer feedstock.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2012
    Publication date: August 1, 2013
    Inventors: Abdennour Bourane, Omer Koseoglu
  • Patent number: 8470165
    Abstract: Process for the production of high-quality kerosene and diesel fuels and for the coproduction of hydrogen from a so-called light naphtha cut to which any quantity of LPG cut can be added where the steps of the process include: separating normal and iso-paraffins, dehydrogenation of the paraffins, oligomerization of the olefins and hydrogenation of the oligomerized olefins, the process permitting the production of kerosene and diesel fuels meeting market specifications, or even improved relative to the latter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Jean Cosyns, Annick Pucci, Quentin Debuisschert, Fabienne Le Peltier
  • Patent number: 8455708
    Abstract: A process for producing hydrocarbon products, comprising: a) operating a process unit in an alkylate mode wherein greater than 50 wt % of a C5+ hydrocarbon stream from the process unit boils at 137.8° C. or below, b) adjusting one or more process conditions in the process unit, and c) after the adjusting step, operating the process unit in a distillate mode wherein greater than 50 wt % of the C5+ hydrocarbon stream from the process unit boils above 137.8° C. Also, a process unit, comprising: a) an alkylation reactor; and b) a control system that enables the alkylation reactor to be operated in the alkylate mode and in the distillate mode; wherein the alkylation reactor can switch back and forth from operating in the alkylate mode to the distillate mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Hye-Kyung Timken, Shawn Winter, Howard S. Lacheen, Sven Ivar Hommeltoft
  • Patent number: 8431014
    Abstract: The invention provides for a process for dewaxing a waxy hydrocarbon feedstock to form a lubricant oil. The invention is also directed to a catalyst system comprising a hydrotreating catalyst upstream of a dewaxing catalyst, used in the dewaxing of a waxy hydrocarbon feedstock to form a lubricant oil. In particular, the invention is directed to a process and catalyst system designed to maintain yield of lubricant oil product. Specifically, the yield of lubricant oil does not decrease more than 2%, at a target pour point, over a dewaxing temperature range. The hydrotreating catalyst helps prevent aging of the dewaxing catalyst and maintains lubricant oil product yield at a target pour point over a wide temperature range. The hydrotreating catalyst comprises platinum, palladium, or combinations thereof on a low acidity inorganic oxide support where acidity is measured by a decalin conversion of less than 10% at 700° F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Kamala R. Krishna, James N. Ziemer, Andrew Rainis, Joseph A. Biscardi, Thomas V. Harris
  • Patent number: 8377386
    Abstract: Flow deflector that is capable of changing the flow direction of a fluid during passage through a duct. The duct is formed by an inner and outer duct, which creates an annular region in the duct. The flow deflector forces the fluid passing through the annular region of the duct to flow inside the inner duct, while the fluid passing through the inner duct is forced to flow through the annular region. Reactor tubes for catalytic reactors are formed by assembling tubes comprising said flow deflector and having a catalyst arranged in the inner tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Haldor Topsoe A/S
    Inventors: Jesper Norsk, Esben Lauge Sørensen, Niklas Jakobsson
  • Publication number: 20130020233
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a process for catalytically reforming naphtha, comprising, in the presence of hydrogen gas, contacting naphtha with at least one reforming catalyst under the conditions of a pressure ranging from 0.15 to 3.0 MPa, a temperature ranging from 300 to 540° C., a volume space velocity ranging from 2.1 to 50 h?1, to carry out a shallow catalytic reforming reaction so as to achieve a naphthene conversion ratio of greater than 85 mass %, and a conversion ratio of paraffins to arenes and C4? hydrocarbons of less than 30 mass %.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Publication date: January 24, 2013
    Inventors: Aizeng MA, Jieguang Wang, Jincheng Pan
  • Patent number: 8318003
    Abstract: The invention provides a low aromatic producing process for catalytical conversion of Fisher-Tropsch derived olefins to distillates (COD), which process includes the step of contacting Fisher-Tropsch derived olefins with a zeolite type catalyst at pressures of more than 50 barg.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: The Petroleum Oil and Gas Corporation of South Africa (Pty) Ltd.
    Inventors: Cyril David Knottenbelt, Carl Dunlop, Kholekile Zono, Maxwell Thomas
  • Publication number: 20120205284
    Abstract: An effective method for producing high density fuel candidates from pinenes is provided. MMT-K10 is an efficient catalyst for the reaction, although significant amounts of p-cymene and camphene produced as byproducts limit the overall yield to about 80%. Nafion is also an excellent catalyst for pinene dimerization and was capable of producing dimers in up to 90% yield. Pinene dimers synthesized with these heterogenous catalysts have a density and net heat of combustion comparable to JP-10. It is emphasized that this abstract is provided to comply with the rules requiring an abstract that will allow a searcher or other reader to quickly ascertain the subject matter of the technical disclosure. It is submitted with the understanding that it will not be used to interpret or limit the scope of the claims.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2009
    Publication date: August 16, 2012
    Inventors: Benjamin G. Harvey, Michael E. Wright, Roxanne L. Quintana
  • Patent number: 8148288
    Abstract: The invention relates to a catalyst that comprises a metal M from the group of platinum, at least one promoter X1 that is selected from the group that consists of tin, germanium, and lead, and optionally at least one promoter X2 that is selected from the group that consists of gallium, indium and thallium, a halogenated compound and a porous substrate, in which the atomic ratio X1/M and optionally X2/M is between 0.3 and 8, the Hir/M ratio that is measured by hydrogen adsorption is greater than 0.40, and the bimetallicity index BMI that is measured by hydrogen/oxygen titration is greater than 108. The invention also relates to the process for the preparation of this catalyst and a reforming process using said catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Pierre-Yves Le Goff, Fabienne Le Peltier, Jean Giraud, Sylvie Lacombe, Christophe Chau
  • Publication number: 20120024755
    Abstract: A guard bed or absorber is placed upstream of a transalkylation reactor to avoid deposition of halide and/or halogen species on the catalysts in said reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2011
    Publication date: February 2, 2012
    Inventors: James H. Beech, JR., Julia E. Steinheider, Doron Levin, Selma S. Lawrence
  • Publication number: 20110315599
    Abstract: An integrated process for producing naphtha fuel, diesel fuel and/or lubricant base oils from feedstocks under sour conditions is provided. The ability to process feedstocks under higher sulfur and/or nitrogen conditions allows for reduced cost processing and increases the flexibility in selecting a suitable feedstock. The sour feed can be delivered to a catalytic dewaxing step without any separation of sulfur and nitrogen contaminants, or with only a high pressure separation so that the dewaxing still occurs under sour conditions. Various combinations of hydrotreating, catalytic dewaxing, hydrocracking, and hydrofinishing can be used to produce fuel products and lubricant base oil products.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2011
    Publication date: December 29, 2011
    Applicant: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: Krista Marie Prentice, Michel Daage, Ajit Bhaskar Dandekar, Christopher Gordon Oliveri, Rohit Vijay, Stephen J. McCarthy, Wenyih F. Lai, Bradley R. Fingland
  • Publication number: 20110233111
    Abstract: A method for thermally cracking a carboxylic acid containing hydrocarbonaceous feed wherein the feed is first processed in a vaporization step that contains at least one catalyst effective to convert carboxylic acid species to carbon dioxide and hydrocarbon and/or lower molecular weight acids and hydrocarbon.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2010
    Publication date: September 29, 2011
    Inventor: Kenneth M. Webber
  • Publication number: 20110226664
    Abstract: A process for producing hydrocarbon products, comprising: a) operating a process unit in an alkylate mode wherein greater than 50 wt % of a C5+ hydrocarbon stream from the process unit boils at 137.8° C. or below, b) adjusting one or more process conditions in the process unit, and c) after the adjusting step, operating the process unit in a distillate mode wherein greater than 50 wt % of the C5+ hydrocarbon stream from the process unit boils above 137.8° C. Also, a process unit, comprising: a) an alkylation reactor; and b) a control system that enables the alkylation reactor to be operated in the alkylate mode and in the distillate mode; wherein the alkylation reactor can switch back and forth from operating in the alkylate mode to the distillate mode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2010
    Publication date: September 22, 2011
    Inventors: Hye-Kyung Timken, Shawn Winter, Howard S. Lacheen, Sven Ivar Hommeltoft
  • Publication number: 20110114538
    Abstract: Process mainly for the production of high-quality kerosene and diesel fuels and for the coproduction of hydrogen from a so-called light naphtha cut to which any quantity of LPG cut can be added, employing the following successive stages: dehydrogenation of the paraffins, oligomerization of the olefins and hydrogenation of the oligomerized olefins, the process permitting the production of kerosene and diesel fuels meeting market specifications, or even improved relative to the latter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2010
    Publication date: May 19, 2011
    Applicant: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    Inventors: Jean COSYNS, Annick Pucci, Quentin Debuisschert, Fabienne Le Peltier
  • Publication number: 20110089080
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing high-quality naphthenic base oils comprising a high aromatic content and a large amount of impurities with a boiling point higher than that of gasoline. High-quality naphthenic base oil may be manufactured from light cycle oil (LCO) and slurry oil (SLO), which are inexpensive, and have a high aromatic content, a large amount of impurities, and which are effluents of a fluidized catalytic cracking (FCC) unit. The method also relates to the pretreatment process of a feedstock, where the amounts of impurities (sulfur, nitrogen, polynuclear aromatic compounds and various metals components) in the feedstock are reduced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2008
    Publication date: April 21, 2011
    Applicant: SK Lubricants Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Chang Kuk Kim, Jee Sun Shin, Kyung Seok Noh, Ju Hyun Lee, Byoung In Lee, Seung Woo Lee, Do Woan Kim, Sam Ryong Park, Seong Han Song, Gyung Rok Kim, Yoon Mang Hwang
  • Publication number: 20110083997
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for hydroprocessing heavy oil under process intensification conditions to form an upgraded hydrocarbon product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 11, 2010
    Publication date: April 14, 2011
    Inventors: Laura J. Silva, Anna Lee Tonkovich, Stephen Claude LeViness, Kai Tod Paul Jarosch, Edward Rode
  • Patent number: 7736491
    Abstract: A process for the fluid catalytic cracking of mixed hydrocarbon feeds from different sources is described, such as feeds A and B of different crackability, the process being especially directed to obtaining light fractions such as LPG and comprising injecting feed A in the base of the riser reactive section and feed B, of lower crackability, at a height between 10% and 80% of the riser, with feed B comprising between 5% and 50% of the total processed feed. The process requires that the feeds present differences in the contaminant content, improved dispersion of feeds A and B and feed B injection temperature same or higher than that of feed A.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. - Petrobras
    Inventors: Claudia Maria de Lacerda Alvarenga Baptista, Henrique Soares Cerqueira, Emanuel Freire Sandes
  • Patent number: 7727378
    Abstract: A process to prepare a waxy raffinate product by performing the following steps: (a) subjecting a Fischer-Tropsch derived product having a weight ratio of compounds boiling above 540° C. and compounds boiling between 370 and 540° C. of greater than 2 to a hydroconversion step and (b) fractionating the effluent of step (a) to obtain products boiling in the fuels range and a waxy raffinate product boiling between 350 and 600° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2010
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Jan Lodewijk Maria Dierickx, Arend Hoek, Lip Piang Kueh
  • Patent number: 7708877
    Abstract: A new residuum full hydroconversion slurry reactor system has been developed that allows the catalyst, unconverted oil and converted oil to circulate in a continuous mixture throughout an entire reactor with no confinement of the mixture. The mixture is partially separated in between the reactors to remove only the converted oil while permitting the unconverted oil and the slurry catalyst to continue on into the next sequential reactor where a portion of the unconverted oil is converted to lower boiling point hydrocarbons, once again creating a mixture of unconverted oil, converted oil, and slurry catalyst. Further hydroprocessing may occur in additional reactors, fully converting the oil. The oil may alternately be partially converted, leaving a highly concentrated catalyst in unconverted oil which can be recycled directly to the first reactor. Fully converted oil is subsequently hydrofinished for the nearly complete removal of hetoroatoms such as sulfur and nitrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2010
    Assignee: Chevron USA Inc.
    Inventors: Darush Farshid, Bruce Reynolds
  • Patent number: 7658836
    Abstract: The process of producing middle distillates from effluents obtained by a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, comprises a step for hydro-treatment and purification and/or decontamination by passage over a multi-functional guard bed prior to a step of hydrocracking/hydroisomerization. The guard bed reduces the amount of unsaturated compounds, oxygen-containing compounds, particulate mineral solids, and organometallic compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2010
    Assignees: Institut Francais du Petrole, ENI S.p.A.
    Inventors: Patrick Euzen, Vincenzo Calemma
  • Patent number: 7550215
    Abstract: Low-energy, low-capital hydrogen production is disclosed. A reforming exchanger 14 is placed in parallel with an autothermal reformer (ATR) 10 to which are supplied a preheated steam-hydrocarbon mixture. An air-steam mixture is supplied to the burner/mixer of the ATR 10 to obtain a syngas effluent at 650°-1050° C. The effluent from the ATR is used to heat the reforming exchanger, and combined reformer effluent is shift converted and separated into a mixed gas stream and a hydrogen-rich product stream. High capital cost equipment such as steam-methane reformer and air separation plant are not required.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2009
    Assignee: Kellogg Brown & Root LLC
    Inventors: Avinash Malhotra, James Hanlan Gosnell
  • Publication number: 20090071871
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of hydrocarbon products, comprising the steps of (a) providing a stream containing oxygenates; (b) mixing the said stream with a recycle stream to form a gasoline feed stream; (c) contacting the gasoline feed stream with one or more gasoline synthesis catalysts to obtain an effluent stream comprising higher hydrocarbons boiling in the gasoline range; (d) withdrawing from step (c) the effluent stream; and (e) splitting a part of the effluent stream to form the recycle stream which is optionally further reduced in content of water or enriched in hydrogen, then pressurised and recycled to step (b).
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2008
    Publication date: March 19, 2009
    Inventors: Finn Joensen, Bodil Voss, Niels Christian Schiodt
  • Patent number: 7442290
    Abstract: Mesoporous aluminum oxides with high surface areas have been synthesized using inexpensive, small organic templating agents instead of surfactants. Optionally, some of the aluminum can be framework-substituted by one or more other elements. The material has high thermal stability and possesses a three-dimensionally randomly connected mesopore network with continuously tunable pore sizes. This material can be used as catalysts for dehydration, hydrotreating, hydrogenation, catalytic reforming, steam reforming, amination, Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and Diels-Alder synthesis, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2008
    Assignee: Lummus Technology Inc.
    Inventors: Zhiping Shan, Jacobus Cornelius Jansen, Chuen Y. Yeh, Philip J. Angevine, Thomas Maschmeyer
  • Patent number: 7435329
    Abstract: A reforming and isomerization process has been developed. A reforming feedstream is charged to a reforming zone containing a reforming catalyst and operating at reforming conditions to generate a reforming zone effluent. Hydrogen and an isomerization feedstream is charged into an isomerization zone to contact an isomerization catalyst at isomerization conditions to increase the branching of the hydrocarbons. The isomerization catalyst is a solid acid catalyst comprising a support comprising a sulfated oxide or hydroxide of at least an element of Group IVB, a first component being at least one lanthanide series element, mixtures thereof, or yttrium, and a second component being a platinum group metal or mixtures thereof. The reforming zone effluent and the isomerization zone effluent are each separated to form a light ends stream and a product stream. The light ends streams are combined for processing in a net gas re-contacting zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2008
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Douglas A. Nafis, Gregory F. Maher, Lynn H. Rice, William D. Schlueter, Ralph D. Gillespie, Michelle J. Cohn
  • Publication number: 20080156695
    Abstract: A process for reforming a hydrocarbon stream in a reforming unit can include passing a gas including a halogen-containing material from a product separation zone through an adsorption zone to remove at least some of the halogen-containing material before the gas enters a first reforming stage having at least one fixed bed reaction zone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 7, 2007
    Publication date: July 3, 2008
    Inventors: Gary A. Dziabis, Leon Yuan, David J. Fecteau
  • Patent number: 7261805
    Abstract: A process for upgrading a hydrocarbon feedstock containing waxy components and having an end boiling point exceeding 650° F., which includes contacting the feedstock at superatmospheric hydrogen partial pressure with an isomerization dewaxing catalyst that includes ZSM-48 and contacting the feedstock with a hydrocracking catalyst to produce an upgraded product with a reduced wax content. Each catalyst is present in an amount sufficient to reduce the cloud point and the pour point of the feedstock at a conversion of greater than about 10%, and an overall distillate yield of greater than about 10% results from the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2007
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Michael T. Grove, Randall D. Partridge, Terry E. Helton, David A. Pappal, Philip J. Angevine, Dominick N. Mazzone
  • Patent number: 7220505
    Abstract: Low-energy, low-capital hydrogen production is disclosed. A reforming exchanger 14 is placed in parallel with an autothermal reformer (ATR) 10 to which are supplied a preheated steam-hydrocarbon mixture. An air-steam mixture is supplied to the burner/mixer of the ATR 10 to obtain a syngas effluent at 650°-1050° C. The effluent from the ATR is used to heat the reforming exchanger, and combined reformer effluent is shift converted and separated into a mixed gas stream and a hydrogen-rich product stream. High capital cost equipment such as steam-methane reformer and air separation plant are not required.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2007
    Assignee: Kellogg Brown & Root LLC
    Inventors: Avinash Malhotra, James Hanlan Gosnell
  • Patent number: 6979396
    Abstract: A reforming and isomerization process has been developed. A reforming feedstream is charged to a reforming zone containing a reforming catalyst and operating at reforming conditions to generate a reforming zone effluent. Hydrogen and an isomerization feedstream is charged into an isomerization zone to contact an isomerization catalyst at isomerization conditions to increase the branching of the hydrocarbons. The isomerization catalyst is a solid acid catalyst comprising a support comprising a sulfated oxide or hydroxide of at least an element of Group IVB, a first component being at least one lanthanide series element, mixtures thereof, or yttrium, and a second component being a platinum group metal or mixtures thereof. The reforming zone effluent is combined with the isomerization zone effluent to form a combined effluent stream and separated into a product stream enriched in C5 and heavier hydrocarbons and an overhead stream enriched in C4 and lighter boiling compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2005
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Ralph D. Gillespie, Michelle J. Cohn, Richard R. Rosin, Lynn H. Rice, Margaret A. Stine
  • Patent number: 6797153
    Abstract: A catalyst for the hydrocracking of heavy oils contains iron and active carbon having an MCH conversion rate of 40-80%, a specific surface area of 600-1000 m2/g of, a pore volume of 0.5 to 1.4 cm3/g, 2-50 nanometers' mesopore volume of not less than 60% and an average pore diameter of 3-6 nanometers, the iron being carried on the active carbon in an amount of 1 to 20 wt. % to the active carbon. The hydrocracking process using the catalyst includes a first step of conducting hydrocracking at a temperature within the range of 360-450° C. at a hydrogen partial pressure of 2-14 MPaG and a second step of conducting hydrocracking at a temperature within the range of 400-480° C. at a hydrogen partial pressure of 2-18 MPaG, which can suppress the generation of coke and remove, in a high efficiency, heavy metals such as Ni and V, asphaltene, residual carbon, sulfur and nitrogen from the heavy oils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2004
    Assignees: Petroleum Energy Center, Toyo Engineering Corporation
    Inventors: Hidetsugu Fukuyama, Koji Ohtsuka, Satoshi Terai, Shuhei Sawamoto
  • Patent number: 6667270
    Abstract: Bismuth- and phosphorus-containing catalyst supports, naphtha reforming catalysts made from such supports, methods of making both support and catalyst, and a naphtha reforming process using such catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2003
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: Peter Tanev Tanev
  • Patent number: 6652737
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for treating naphtha. The method comprises providing naphtha feed, and the naphtha feed comprises naphthene ring-containing compounds. The naphtha feed is contacted with a ring opening catalyst containing a Group VIII metal under conditions effective to ring open the naphthene rings to form a ring opened product. The ring open product can then be contacted with a catalytic cracking catalyst under effective cracking conditions to form an olefin product. The olefin product will be particularly high in ethylene and propylene content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2003
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Michele S. Touvelle, Darryl P. Klein, Tan-Jen Chen, Luc R. Martens, Edward S. Ellis