Including At Least One With Negative Intrinsic Birefringence Patents (Class 349/120)
  • Patent number: 10809561
    Abstract: A display panel includes a substrate, an opposite substrate opposite to the substrate, a liquid crystal layer disposed between the substrate and the opposite substrate, a pixel array disposed between the substrate and the liquid crystal layer, and first polarized patterns. The pixel array includes a plurality of scan lines, a plurality of data lines, a plurality of active devices, and a plurality of first electrodes. The active devices are electrically connected to the scan lines and the data lines. The first electrodes are disposed on the substrate. Each of the first electrodes includes a plurality of slits. The first polarized patterns overlap with the first electrodes in a direction perpendicular to the substrate. The first polarized patterns are disposed between the substrate and the opposite substrate. An extending direction of the first polarized patterns is different from an extending direction of the slits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: Au Optronics Corporation
    Inventors: Yen-Hua Lo, Hsin-Chun Huang, Wen-Rei Guo, Hsing-Yi Hsieh
  • Patent number: 10656480
    Abstract: A transmittance-variable film and the use thereof are provided. The transmittance-variable film can be useful in switching between a clear state and a dark state and reducing a difference in contrast ratio between left and right viewing angles, thereby securing excellent bilateral symmetry. Such a transmittance-variable film can be applied to various applications including various materials for buildings or vehicles requiring the control of transmissivity, or eyewear such as goggles for sports or experiencing augmented realities, sunglasses, helmets, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Dong Hyun Oh, Jung Sun You, Eun Jung Lim, In Ju Mun, Kyung Ki Hong, Kum Suek Seo, Hyo Jin Lee
  • Patent number: 10620497
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display device includes a first substrate; a switching element including a control electrode disposed on the first substrate, one electrode disposed on the control electrode, and another electrode disposed on the control electrode and spaced apart from the one electrode; a contact hole extending to at least a part of the another electrode of the switching element; a pixel electrode including a contact portion disposed on the another electrode of the switching element and overlapping at least a part of the another electrode to which the contact hole extends, and a body portion electrically connected with the contact portion; and a column spacer disposed on the pixel electrode and at least partially overlapping the contact hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Assignee: Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jun Bo Sim, Yeun Tae Kim, Do Yeong Park, Se Hyun Lee
  • Patent number: 9690027
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an optical film and method of manufacturing the same. The optical film of the present invention includes an acrylic resin and a core-shell type graft copolymer wherein the core includes a conjugate diene rubber, and the shell includes an acrylic monomer, an aromatic vinyl monomer, and a maleimide monomer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: LG CHEM, LTD.
    Inventors: Byoung-Il Kang, Chang-Hun Han, Jung-A Yoo, Song-Taek Oh
  • Patent number: 9664834
    Abstract: An optical film that includes a reflective polarizer and a stretched polymer film is disclosed. The stretched polymer film is laminated to the reflective polarizer, and the stretched polymer film exhibits a refractive index symmetry point at an angle of incidence in air of at least about 60 degrees in a plane of incidence parallel to a direction of greatest stretch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY
    Inventors: Ellen R. Bösl, Bert T. Chien, Carsten Franke, Shandon D. Hart, Brent A. Hedding, Donovan C. Karg, Jr., Thomas J. Ludemann, Meghan A. Bradley, Mark B. O'Neill, Jeffrey A. Peterson, Joan M. Strobel, Huiwen Tai, John F. Van Derlofske, III, Michael F. Weber, Chiu Ping Wong, Richard J. Pokorny, John P. Baetzold
  • Patent number: 9651819
    Abstract: A polarizer for use in an IPS-LCD includes: a polarizing element; and a retardation film laminate attached to a surface of the polarizing element. The retardation film laminate includes a combination of a +B film and a ?B film or a combination of a +B film and a +A film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: LG CHEM, LTD.
    Inventors: Jun-Won Chang, Moon-Soo Park
  • Patent number: 9562193
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display includes: a first insulation substrate; a gate line and a data line formed on the first insulation substrate; a first electrode and a second electrode formed on the gate line and the data line and overlapping each other via an insulating layer interposed therebetween; a second insulation substrate facing the first insulation substrate; and a chiral dopant inserted between the first insulation substrate and the second insulation substrate. A content of the chiral dopant may be within about 1%, and liquid crystal molecules of a liquid crystal layer may be twisted with a pitch of about 10 ?m to about 100 ?m by the chiral dopant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2017
    Assignee: Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Si Heun Kim, Chang-Hun Lee, Daisuke Inoue, Mi Suk Kim, Tae Ho Kim, So Youn Park, Keun Chan Oh
  • Patent number: 9535202
    Abstract: A layered phase difference film including, in the following order: a resin layer A1 formed of a resin A1 having a positive intrinsic birefringence; a resin layer B formed of a resin B having a negative intrinsic birefringence; and a resin layer A2 formed of a resin A2 having a positive intrinsic birefringence, wherein the resin layer A1 and the resin layer B are in direct contact with each other, the resin layer B and the resin layer A2 are in direct contact with each other, the resin layer A1 and the resin layer A2 are negative C-plates, the resin layer B is a positive B-plate, and the layered phase difference film has an Nz coefficient within a range of 0 to 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2017
    Assignee: ZEON CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kazuki Takagi, Hung Trong La
  • Patent number: 9500788
    Abstract: Provided are a polarizing plate and a display. The illustrative polarizing plate may exhibit desired characteristics in a wide range of wavelengths, and have excellent reflection and visibility at an inclined angle. For example, the polarizing plate may be used in a reflective or transflective liquid crystal display or an organic light emitting device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Byoung Kun Jeon, Moon Soo Park, Hyuk Yoon
  • Patent number: 9399736
    Abstract: To provide an optically anisotropic substance having a negative uniaxial phase difference film and a positive uniaxial phase difference film, and excellent heat resistance and sputtering resistance. The positive uniaxial phase difference film is formed in combination with a bifunctional polymerizable liquid crystal compound, the negative uniaxial phase difference film is formed in combination of the bifunctional polymerizable liquid crystal compound with an optically active compound having a polymerizable binaphthol moiety, and additional thermosetting treatment (postcure) is applied after the negative uniaxial phase difference film is photocured, and when glass transition temperature after the negative uniaxial phase difference film is cured is 85° C. or higher and 115° C. or lower, additional thermosetting treatment temperature is adjusted to 220° C. or higher and 250° C. or lower, and when the glass transition temperature is higher than 115° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2016
    Assignees: JNC CORPORATION, JNC PETROCHEMICAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoshiharu Hirai, Nagahisa Miyagawa, Daisuke Ootsuki, Mayumi Tanabe, Kazumi Nara
  • Patent number: 9175221
    Abstract: The present invention provides a nematic liquid crystal composition having a negative dielectric anisotropy with an absolute value from 2 to 8 at 25° C., the composition containing at least one liquid crystal compound having a negative dielectric anisotropy with an absolute value of 4 or more and at least one antioxidant, wherein the amount of the liquid crystal compound is not less than 3%; the present invention also provides a liquid crystal display device using such a liquid crystal composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Assignee: DIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shotaro Kawakami, Go Sudo
  • Patent number: 9099048
    Abstract: A liquid crystal device includes a pair of substrates with a liquid crystal layer interposed therebetween. A planar region of the pair of substrates has at least one display pixel region and at least one viewing-angle control pixel region that performs dark display in the front direction of surfaces of the pair of substrates and has brightness variable depending on a viewing angle in an oblique direction to the normal direction of the surfaces of the pair of substrates. A pair of electrodes driving the liquid crystal layer is provided in the display pixel region and the viewing-angle control pixel region. A voltage applied between the pair of electrodes in the viewing-angle control pixel region at the time of driving the liquid crystal layer in the viewing-angle control pixel region is higher than a voltage applied between the pair of electrodes in the display pixel region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: Japan Display Inc.
    Inventor: Toshiharu Matsushima
  • Patent number: 9040115
    Abstract: Disclosed is a negative C-type retardation compensator for a liquid crystal display. The negative C-type retardation compensator for the liquid crystal display includes polyarlate having a thio group or a sulfur oxide group in a polymer main chain thereof. Accordingly, the retardation compensator has an absolute value of negative retardation that is larger in a thickness direction that a retardation compensator which includes polyarylate having no thio group or sulfur oxide group in a polymer main chain thereof even though the retardation compensator having the thio group or sulfur oxide group and the retardation compensator having no thio group or sulfur oxide group are the same as each other in thickness. Thereby, the negative C-type retardation compensator for liquid crystal displays is capable of being desirably applied to the liquid crystal displays.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignees: LG Chem, Ltd., IUCF-HYU (Industry-University Cooperation Foundation Hanyang University
    Inventors: Hee-Jung Kim, Dong-Ryul Kim, Ho-Jun Lee, Sang-Uk Ryu, Hyo-Sun Lee, Boong-Goon Jeong, Dae-Woo Nam, Ju-Eun Cha
  • Patent number: 8881671
    Abstract: A rubbing system for an alignment layer of a liquid crystal display (LCD) device, comprises: a rubbing table on which a substrate having an alignment layer thereon is positioned; a rubbing roll on which a rubbing material is wound, substantially positioned on the rubbing table thus to substantially contact the alignment layer, for rubbing the alignment layer by rotation of the rubbing roll; and a controlling unit for controlling the alignment layer to be rubbed by substantially contacting the rubbing roll onto the alignment layer by simultaneously lifting and lowering a rubbing table and the rubbing roll according to an alignment controlling force to be applied to the alignment layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: LG Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Seung-Won Moon, Byoung-Chul Choi
  • Publication number: 20140293202
    Abstract: Disclosed is an optical film produced by a method comprising continuously discharging a molten resin on a casting roll through a die lip of an extruder, wherein the molten resin contains a copolymer of (A) 75 to 99% by weight of an (meth)acrylate monomer that, when homopolymerized, has a negative intrinsic birefringence, and (B) 1 to 25% by weight of an (meth)acrylate monomer that, when homopolymerized, has a positive intrinsic birefringence, and a velocity ratio V2/V1 of 1.2 to 15 is satisfied wherein V1 represents a discharge velocity of the molten resin from the die lip, m/min; and V2 represents a surface velocity of the casting roll, m/min.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2012
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Koike, Akihiro Tagaya, Yasuo Matsumura, Akira Matsuo, Sayako Uchizawa
  • Patent number: 8817209
    Abstract: Disclosed is a patterned retarder film which comprises a substrate, a patterned configuration layer and a liquid crystal layer. The patterned configuration layer includes a plurality of first regions and a plurality of second regions A liquid crystal layer is disposed on the patterned configuration layer, wherein liquid crystal molecules above the first regions is arranged irregularly because of the protrusions, the liquid crystal molecules above the second regions are aligned with the aligning micro-structures. The liquid crystal layer in above the first regions provides a first phase retardation, the liquid crystal layer above the second regions provides a second phase retardation, and the difference between the first phase retardation and the second phase retardation is 180°. The method for manufacturing the same is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: BenQ Materials Corporation
    Inventors: Chen-Kuan Kuo, Che-Kuei Kang
  • Patent number: 8743319
    Abstract: A liquid crystal panel of the present invention includes: a liquid crystal cell; a first polarizing plate placed on one side of the liquid crystal cell; a second polarizing plate and a third polarizing plate placed on another side of the liquid crystal cell in the stated order from a side of the liquid crystal cell; a first retardation plate placed between the liquid crystal cell and the first polarizing plate; and a second retardation plate placed between the liquid crystal cell and the second polarizing plate, in which: refractive index ellipsoids of the first retardation plate and the second retardation plate exhibit a relationship of nx>ny>nz; and a transmittance (T2) of the second polarizing plate is larger than a transmittance (T1) of the first polarizing plate, and a transmittance (T3) of the third polarizing plate is equal to or larger than the transmittance (T1) of the first polarizing plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventor: Masatsugu Higashi
  • Patent number: 8687155
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a liquid crystal display device includes a first insulative substrate, a second insulative substrate, a first polarizer disposed on an outer surface side of the first insulative substrate, a second polarizer disposed on an outer surface side of the second insulative substrate, and a first retardation plate and a second retardation plate, which are stacked between the second insulative substrate and the second polarizer. When a retardation in the thickness direction, which is defined by ((nx+ny)/2?nz)*d, is Rth, the first retardation plate has a negative first retardation Rth1, the second retardation plate has a positive second retardation Rth2, and a contribution degree of the second retardation Rth2, which is defined by |Rth2|*100/(|Rth1|+|Rth2|), is 40%±3%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Japan Display Inc.
    Inventors: Takashi Mitsumoto, Junichi Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Joten
  • Patent number: 8659728
    Abstract: Described herein is an LCD device in which retardation may be removed from a glass substrate when stress is applied to a display screen, thereby minimizing light leakage from the display screen. In the LCD device, a film having a negative photo-elastic constant (NPEC) is arranged to adjoin glass substrates so as to remove photo-elasticity. Specifically, in the LCD device, the NPEC films having negative photo-elasticity are respectively arranged at upper and lower sides of a liquid crystal cell, wherein the liquid crystal cell includes opposing glass substrates with a liquid crystal layer disposed therebetween.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: LG Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Shinichi Kimura
  • Patent number: 8599340
    Abstract: Disclosed is a liquid crystal display device having a wide viewing angle in which compensation films are provided between a liquid crystal display panel and each polarizer so as to change polarized states of input and output light of the liquid crystal display panel via the polarizers, thereby preventing light leakage in a diagonal direction of the liquid crystal display device in a normally black mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: LG Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Jeung-phill Hanne
  • Patent number: 8582061
    Abstract: An optical film assembly includes a first polarization plate disposed below a liquid crystal layer and having a first absorption axis, a second polarization plate disposed above the liquid crystal layer and having a second absorption axis, an A-plate disposed between the first polarization plate and the second polarization plate, and a negative C-plate disposed between the first polarization plate and the second polarization plate. A thickness-direction phase retardation value of the negative C-plate is equal to or less than a value acquired by subtracting about 75 nanometers from a thickness-direction phase retardation value of the liquid crystal layer and the thickness-direction phase retardation value of the negative C-plate is equal to or greater than a value acquired by subtracting about 275 nanometers from the thickness-direction phase retardation value of the liquid crystal layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hwa-Sung Woo, Seung-Ju Lee, Hee-Wook Do, Jeong-Soo Choi, Hee-Seop Kim, Joo-Seok Yeom, Hyang-Yul Kim, Joo-Nyung Jang, Sung-Woon Kim, Cheol Shin, Dong-Chul Shin
  • Patent number: 8502941
    Abstract: A LCD device has a LC layer sandwiched between a TFT substrate and a counter substrate, first and second polarizing films, a first ?/2 film between the first polarizing film and the counter substrate, and a second ?/2 film between the second polarizing film and the TFT substrate. Angle ?1 between the direction of the optical axis of the LC layer and the polarized direction of the light entering the LC layer satisfies the relationship: 0 degree<?1<45 degrees. The resultant LCD device has lower leakage light and coloring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: NLT Technologies, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Nagai, Michiaki Sakamoto, Kenichi Mori, Kenichirou Naka, Hidenori Ikeno
  • Patent number: 8497959
    Abstract: An optical film includes: a layer A formed of a resin composition P1 containing a resin x1 having a positive intrinsic birefringence value and a resin y1 having a negative intrinsic birefringence value; and a layer B formed of a resin composition P2 containing a resin x2 having a positive intrinsic birefringence value and a resin y2 having a negative intrinsic birefringence value. In the optical film, retardations R450, R550, and R650 at an incident angle of 0° satisfy the relationship of R450<R550<R650, and retardation Re at an incident angle of 0° and retardation R40 at an incident angle of 40°. satisfy the relationship of 0.92?R40/Re?1.08. Also provided is a liquid crystal display device including the optical film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2013
    Assignee: Zeon Corporation
    Inventor: Taku Hatano
  • Patent number: 8470413
    Abstract: Disclosed is a negative C-type retardation compensator for a liquid crystal display. The negative C-type retardation compensator for the liquid crystal display includes polyarylate having a thio group or a sulfur oxide group in a polymer main chain thereof. Accordingly, the retardation compensator has an absolute value of negative retardation that is larger in a thickness direction than a retardation compensator which includes polyarylate having no thio group or sulfur oxide group in a polymer main chain thereof even though the retardation compensator having the thio group or sulfur oxide group and the retardation compensator having no thio group or sulfur oxide group are the same as each other in thickness. Thereby, the negative C-type retardation compensator for liquid crystal displays is capable of being desirably applied to the liquid crystal displays.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hee-Jung Kim, Dong-Ryul Kim, Ho-Jun Lee, Sang-Uk Ryu, Hyo-Sun Lee, Boong-Goon Jeong, Dae-Woo Nam, Ju-Eun Cha
  • Patent number: 8462300
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display device includes a liquid crystal panel (2) disposed between two linear polarization plates (1, 3) and a triacetyl cellulose film having biaxial optical anisotropy (4), the triacetyl cellulose film having biaxial optical anisotropy (4) (i) being disposed further from the screen front side than a front polarization plate, which is one of the two linear polarization plates (1, 3), and (ii) having a planar retardation comprised in a range from 40 nm to 100 nm. Accordingly, it is possible to provide a liquid crystal display device allowing an observer to perceive, through polarized sunglasses and with a high display quality, an image on a screen not only from a frontal viewpoint but also if an azimuth angle and a polar angle at which viewpoints are set are shifted from the frontal viewpoint.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Akihiro Nanmatsu, Koki Hongo, Takayuki Natsume, Ikuji Konishi
  • Patent number: 8416377
    Abstract: The present invention provides a liquid crystal display device that has a higher contrast ratio in a wide viewing angle and that can be easily produced at low cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Akira Sakai
  • Patent number: 8395727
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a VA-mode liquid-crystal display device comprising a front-side polarizing element (14), a rear-side polarizing element (12), a VA-mode liquid-crystal cell (LC) disposed between the front-side polarizing element and the rear-side polarizing element, and a first retardation region (16) comprising one or more retardation layers between the rear-side polarizing element and the VA-mode liquid-crystal cell, wherein the first retardation region satisfies 0 nm?Re(590)?10 nm, and |Rth(590)|?25 nm. Re(?) means retardation (nm) in plane at a wavelength ? nm, and Rth(?) means retardation (nm) along the thickness direction at a wavelength ? nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventor: Makoto Ishiguro
  • Patent number: 8395732
    Abstract: A liquid crystal panel according to an embodiment of the present invention includes: a liquid crystal cell; a first polarizer placed on one side of the liquid crystal cell; a second polarizer placed on another side of the liquid crystal cell; a biaxial optical element placed between the liquid crystal cell and the first polarizer; and a negative C plate placed between the second polarizer and the biaxial optical element. A direction of an absorption axis of the first polarizer is substantially perpendicular to a direction of an absorption axis of the second polarizer. A refractive index ellipsoid of the biaxial optical element has a relationship of nx>nz>ny and a direction of a slow axis of the biaxial optical element is substantially parallel to the direction of the absorption axis of the first polarizer. A refractive index ellipsoid of the negative C plate has a relationship of nx=ny>nz.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventors: Shuusaku Nakano, Takeharu Kitagawa
  • Patent number: 8395723
    Abstract: A display device includes: a panel; a light source provided on a surface disposed with facing at an interval of a predetermined distance from the back of the panel of said panel; and at least one optical sheet placed in front of said light source; wherein said optical sheet is placed with predetermined inclination angle to the above back of the panel so that it becomes closer from the top end to the bottom end of the back of the panel of said panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventor: Norimasa Furukawa
  • Patent number: 8377558
    Abstract: Optical compensation films (positive C-plate) with disk anisotropic subunits (OASUs) that have high positive birefringence throughout the wavelength range 400 nm<?<800 nm are provided. The optical compensation films may be processed by solution casting to yield a polymer film with high birefringence without the need for stretching, photopolymerization, or other processes. Such optical compensation films are suitable for use as a positive C-plate in LCDs, particularly IPS-LCDs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Akron Polymer Systems
    Inventors: Frank W. Harris, Dong Zhang, Xiaoliang Joe Zheng, Ted Calvin Germroth, Thauming Kuo, Jiaokai Alexander Jing, Brian Michael King
  • Patent number: 8363183
    Abstract: The present invention is a lengthy-shaped polarizing plate comprising a linearly-polarized light separation element, a linear light polarizing film and a protection film in this order, wherein said linearly-polarized light separation element includes a layer composed of a resin A whose inherent birefringence value is negative and has a linearly-polarized light transmission axis in a crosswise direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Zeon Corporation
    Inventors: Taku Hatano, Shunsuke Yamanaka, Kouhei Arakawa
  • Patent number: 8363184
    Abstract: In an LCD device, a circular polarizer is provided to each of two substrates that hold a liquid crystal layer. The circular polarizer on the display surface side includes a polarizer, ?/2 plate in which Rth>0, and a ?/4 plate in which Rth<0; and the circular polarizer on the backlight side includes a polarizer, a ?/2 plate in which Rth<0, and a ?/4 plate in which Rth>0. Rth is a retardation in the thickness direction of a ?/2 plate or a ?/4 plate. The absolute value of the sum of the Rth between the ?/2 plate for which Rth>0 and the ?/2 plate for which Rth<0 is reduced, and in the absolute value of the sum of the Rth between the ?/4 plate for which Rth<0 and the ?/4 plate for which Rth>0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignees: NEC Corporation, NLT Technologies, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jin Matsushima, Ken Sumiyoshi, Shin-ichi Uehara
  • Patent number: 8363173
    Abstract: An optical touch screen device includes a light output panel, a first polarizer, a first light-pervious plate, a liquid crystal layer and an image capture module. The light output panel includes a first surface for outputting light rays. The first polarizer is stacked on the first surface. The first light-pervious plate is arranged facing the first polarizer. The liquid crystal layer is arranged between the first polarizer and the first light-pervious plate. The liquid crystal layer includes a plurality of liquid crystal molecules aligned in predetermined orientations. The image capture module has a viewing field covering an entire surface of the first light-pervious plate. The image capture module includes a second polarizer. The second polarizer has a polarization axis associated thereof. The liquid crystal layer is configured for causing light transmitting therethrough to have a polarization direction perpendicular to the second polarization axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tsung-Heng Chang, Chi-Wei Chiu, Chun-Cheng Ko
  • Patent number: 8363187
    Abstract: The present invention provides a color liquid crystal panel in an o-mode of an IPS mode, which has a multi-gap structure, and in which a contrast in an oblique direction is enhanced. A first polarizer 1 is provided on a color filter 6 side of a liquid crystal cell 10 and a second polarizer 8 is provided on a liquid crystal layer 5 side of the liquid crystal cell 10. Further, a retardation film 2 is provided between the second polarizer 8 and the liquid crystal cell 10. The liquid crystal cell 10 has a configuration in which the color filter 6 is laminated on a glass substrate 3, and a liquid crystal layer 5 is interposed between the color filter 6 and a glass substrate 7. Regarding the thickness of the liquid crystal layer 5, a thickness dB of a region in contact with the blue color filter 6B is smallest, and a thickness dG of a region in contact with the green color filter 6G and a thickness dR of a region in contact with the red color filter 6R increase in this order.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventors: Shouhei Maezawa, Masatoshi Tomonaga, Hiroyuki Takemoto
  • Patent number: 8355103
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are an integrated O film for improving a viewing angle of a TN-LCD, and a polarizer plate and TN-LCD including the same. Also disclosed herein are a compensation film which is capable of improving a contrast characteristic at a front side and an inclination angle and minimizing a color variation according to a viewing angle in a dark state, and a polarizer plate and TN-LCD including the same. The integrated O film includes a transversely-stretched negative biaxial (B) film and a positive O film laminated on the transversely-stretched negative B film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2013
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Byoung-Kun Jeon, Sergey Belyaev, Chang-Hun Yun, Moon-Soo Park
  • Patent number: 8314908
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display device that has a higher contrast ratio in a wide viewing angle and that can be easily produced at low cost. The liquid crystal display device may include polarizers and multiple birefringent layers. A first birefringent layer (I) can have an in-plane slow axis forming an angle of about 45° with an absorption axis of the first polarizer; the second birefringent layer (I) can have an in-plane slow axis substantially orthogonal to the in-plane slow axis of the first birefringent layer (I).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Akira Sakai
  • Patent number: 8310637
    Abstract: Disclosed are a display apparatus and a method of manufacturing the same. The liquid crystal display includes a first substrate and a pixel electrode formed on the first substrate and having a plurality of branches. A plurality of alignment sections are interposed among the branches. An auxiliary liquid crystal layer having discotic liquid crystals is formed on the pixel electrode and the alignment sections. A main liquid crystal layer having a vertical alignment mode is formed on the auxiliary liquid crystal layer. A common electrode is formed on the main liquid crystal layer to apply an electric field to the main liquid crystal layer together with the pixel electrode. A second substrate is formed on the common electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2012
    Assignee: Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hyun-cheol Moon, Jooseok Yeom
  • Patent number: 8310634
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display device includes first and second substrates with first and second polarizing layers, a liquid-crystal layer, a matrix-driven electrode group; and a rear-illuminating device. Between the first polarizing layer and the liquid-crystal layer, a first optical compensating member is disposed without a birefringent medium sandwiched between the liquid-crystal layer and the first optical compensating member, and the first optical compensating member is constructed so that when a refractive index thereof in a slow-axis direction in a plane parallel to the substrate is taken as n1, a refractive index in a fast-axis direction in the plane parallel to the substrate is taken as n2, and a refractive index in a thickness direction is taken as n3, the first optical compensating member satisfies n1?n3>n2, and a slow axis thereof in the plane parallel to the substrate is substantially vertical to an optical axis of the liquid-crystal layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2012
    Assignees: Hitachi Displays, Ltd., Panasonic Liquid Crystal Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kentaro Ojima, Daisuke Kajita, Ikuo Hiyama, Masahiro Ishii
  • Patent number: 8274624
    Abstract: The present invention provides a liquid crystal panel that can provide a neutral display that is free from coloring in every direction. The liquid crystal panel includes a first polarizer 14a, a second polarizer 14b, and a liquid crystal cell 13. The first polarizer 14a is arranged on the visible side of the liquid crystal cell 13 and the second polarizer 14b is arranged on the backlight side of the liquid crystal cell 13. The liquid crystal panel further includes a first retardation layer 11 and a second retardation layer 12. A refractive index ellipsoid of the first retardation layer 11 has a relationship of nx=ny>nz, and a refractive index ellipsoid of the second retardation layer 12 has a relationship of nx>ny?nz. The first retardation layer 11 and the second retardation layer 12 are arranged between the liquid crystal cell 13 and the second polarizer 14b.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventors: Takeharu Kitagawa, Daisuke Hayashi, Hideki Ishida, Takeshi Nishibe, Nao Murakami
  • Patent number: 8274625
    Abstract: Disclosed is a cellulose ester film which rarely causes the attachment of foreign matters to the surface of a conveying roll or the failure of film transfer induced by the attachment of the foreign matters, which is free of the partial deformation caused by foreign matters on the conveying roll, exhibits high durability after saponification treatment, has good close adhesion to a polarizer, and has excellent processing suitability in the processing into a polarizer. Also disclosed is a method for producing the cellulose ester film by a melt-casting process. Further disclosed are; a protective film for a polarizing plate, which has high film strength; a polarizing plate having high durability; and a liquid crystal display having high image quality; each comprising the cellulose ester film. The cellulose ester film comprises a cellulose ester, a compound represented by the general formula (1) and a compound represented by the general formula (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: Konica Minolta Opto, Inc.
    Inventors: Takatugu Suzuki, Takayuki Suzuki
  • Patent number: 8269929
    Abstract: A vertically aligned liquid crystal cell to be simple-matrix driven is disposed between two polarizing plates crossed-Nicol disposed, the liquid crystal cell including a liquid crystal layer having a retardation in a cross section in a thickness direction larger than 550 nm. A C plate and a biaxial plate are disposed collectively between the liquid crystal cell and one of the polarizing plates, the C plate being disposed on the liquid crystal cell side and the biaxial plate being disposed on the polarizing plate side. The biaxial plate is disposed in such a manner that the in-plane delay phase axis of the biaxial plate is perpendicular to the absorption axis of the adjacent polarizing plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: Stanley Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takashi Sugiyama, Yoshihisa Iwamoto
  • Patent number: 8264647
    Abstract: An image display apparatus includes a liquid crystal panel having a liquid crystal layer disposed between a pair of substrates, and an optical compensation plate pair including a first optical compensation plate and a second optical compensation plate, the first optical compensation plate being formed of a negative uniaxial crystal and the second optical compensation plate being formed of a positive uniaxial crystal. The optical compensation plate pair is configured such that an optical phase difference caused by a difference in thickness between the first optical compensation plate and the second optical compensation plate cancels an optical phase difference generated by the liquid crystal panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventor: Ryoko Horikoshi
  • Publication number: 20120212694
    Abstract: An LC-based optical device compensates for differences in optical path lengths of polarization components of input beam. As a result, PDL and PMD of the optical device are reduced. The compensation mechanism may be a glass plate that is disposed in an optical path of a polarization component so that the optical path length of that polarization component can be made substantially equal to the optical path length of the other polarization component that traverses through a half-wave plate. Another compensation mechanism is a birefringent displacer that has two sections sandwiching a half-wave plate, wherein the two sections are of different widths and the planar front surface of the birefringent displacer can be positioned to be non-orthogonal with respect to the incident input light beam.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2012
    Publication date: August 23, 2012
    Inventors: Xuefeng Yue, Ruibo Wang
  • Patent number: 8248561
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display includes: a liquid crystal layer squeezed between first and second substrates and vertically aligned at a retardation of 300-1000 nm; first and second compensators disposed on the first substrate and having negative biaxial optical anisotropy; a first polarizer disposed on the first and second compensators; and a second polarizer on the second substrate disposed crossed-Nichol with said first polarizer, wherein: the second compensator is disposed between the first substrate and first compensator; an in-plane slow axis of the first compensator is disposed perpendicular to an absorption axis of the first polarizer; the in-plane slow axis of the first compensator is disposed perpendicular to an in-plane slow axis of the second compensator; and a retardation in an in-plane direction of the first compensator is larger than that of the second compensator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2012
    Assignee: Stanley Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yoshihisa Iwamoto
  • Patent number: 8237901
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display device includes an OCB mode liquid crystal display panel, and an optical compensation element which is disposed outside of the liquid crystal display layer. The optical compensation element includes a polarizer plate, a first retardation plate which is disposed between the polarizer plate and the liquid crystal layer, and a second retardation plate which is disposed between the polarizer plate and the first retardation plate and has a biaxial refractive index anisotropy. The optical compensation element compensates a difference of a polarization state that differs between azimuth directions of light passing through the liquid crystal layer and compensates a shift of the polarization state of light, which passes through the retardation plate, from an azimuth direction of an absorption axis of the polarizer plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: Japan Display Central Inc.
    Inventors: Emi Kisara, Kazuhiro Nishiyama, Mitsutaka Okita, Shigesumi Araki
  • Patent number: 8236107
    Abstract: A system that forms an alignment layer of a liquid crystal device has an applicator that applies an alignment layer of material on a substrate, a magnetic field generator that applies a magnetic field to directionally align the alignment layer material, and a firing device to fire the directionally aligned material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: LG Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jae-Choon Ryu, Hao-Joon Son
  • Patent number: 8226860
    Abstract: A method for controlling positive birefringence in an optical compensation film (positive C-plate) having high positive birefringence throughout the wavelength range 400 nm<?<800 nm is provided. The method includes selecting polymers with optically anisotropic subunits (OASUs) that exhibit the buttressing effect, wherein the OASUs may be disks, mesogens or aromatic rings substituted with birefringence enhancing substituents. The method further includes processing the polymer by solution casting to yield a polymer film with high birefringence without the need for stretching, photopolymerization, or other processes. These optical compensation films may be used in LCDs, particularly IPS-LCDs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: Akron Polymer Systems
    Inventors: Xiaoliang Joe Zheng, Frank W. Harris, Ted Calvin Germroth, Jiaokai Alexander Jing, Dong Zhang, Thauming Kuo, Brian Michael King
  • Patent number: 8228471
    Abstract: The liquid crystal panel 1 of the present invention comprises a liquid crystal cell 2, a first polarizer 31 disposed on one surface side of the liquid crystal cell 2, a second polarizer 41 disposed on the other surface side of the liquid crystal cell 2, and first optical compensation layer 5 and second optical compensation layer 6 disposed between the first polarizer 31 and second polarizer 41, and the liquid crystal cell 2 satisfies a relationship of 0.8 Re [450]/Re [550] 1, the first optical compensation layer 5 satisfies relationships of the Nz coefficient is from 0.8 to 1.4 and 0.8 Re[450]/Re[550] 1, and the second optical compensation layer 6 satisfies relationships of nx =ny>nz and 0.98 Re[450]/Re[550] 1.04. The liquid crystal panel of the present invention is hardly generated color shift when the panel is viewed from all azimuth angle directions and polar angle directions, so that the liquid crystal panel is excellent in color display characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventors: Junichi Nagase, Kentarou Takeda
  • Patent number: 8203675
    Abstract: A liquid-crystal display device comprising a liquid-crystal cell having a liquid-crystal layer that aligns vertically to the substrate thereof in the black state, first and second polarizing elements that are disposed to sandwich the liquid-crystal cell therebetween in a manner that their absorption axes are perpendicular to each other, an optically-biaxial retardation film A disposed between the first polarizing element and the liquid-crystal cell, and an optically-biaxial retardation film B disposed between the second polarizing element and the liquid-crystal cell, wherein the retardation films A and B differ from each other in the optical anisotropy, is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2012
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Yujiro Yanai, Hirofumi Toyama, Hajime Nakayama
  • Patent number: 8194212
    Abstract: The present invention provides a liquid crystal display device that has a higher contrast ratio in a wide viewing angle and that can be easily produced at low cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Akira Sakai