With Specified Nonchemical Characteristic Of Liquid Crystal Material Patents (Class 349/167)
  • Patent number: 10422792
    Abstract: The present invention provides methods, devices and kits for detecting binding between two molecules using a liquid crystal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Assignee: THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO
    Inventors: Daniel K. Schwartz, Patrick S. Noonan
  • Patent number: 10382844
    Abstract: An optical switch with a plurality of actuators includes a controller configured to control the operation of a plurality of channels, where each channel has at least one electrical driver and at least one actuator, by interleaving periods of voltage switching output with periods of no voltage switching output for one or more drivers whilst the output voltage is switching from one level to another level. Alternatively, an optical switch with a plurality of actuators comprises a controller configured to control the operation of a plurality of channels, where each channel has at least one electrical driver and at least one actuator, by switching the output voltage from one level to another level for at least one driver of a first channel whilst at least one oilier driver of at least one other channel is in a relatively high impedance mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: Huber+Suhner Polatis Limited
    Inventor: Ramses Pierco
  • Patent number: 10310318
    Abstract: A display apparatus includes a first substrate, a first shielding layer, a first optical film, a second substrate, and a display medium. The first shielding layer is located on the first substrate and has a first alignment pattern. The first optical film is located on the first substrate. The first optical film has a second alignment pattern on a side edge of the first optical film. The first alignment pattern and the second alignment pattern are overlapped with each other. The second substrate is located opposite to the first substrate. The display medium is sandwiched between the first substrate and the second substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: Au Optronics Corporation
    Inventors: Min-Chou Lu, Chun-Sheng Li
  • Patent number: 10304390
    Abstract: A voltage-programmed display system allows measurement of effects on pixels in a panel that includes both active pixels and reference pixels coupled to a supply line and a programming line. The reference pixels are controlled so that they are not subject to substantial changes due to aging and operating conditions over time. A readout circuit is coupled to the active pixels and the reference pixels for reading at least one of current, voltage or charge from the pixels when they are supplied with known input signals. The readout circuit is subject to changes due to aging and operating conditions over time, but the readout values from the reference pixels are used to adjust the readout values from the active pixels to compensate for the unwanted effects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: Ignis Innovation Inc.
    Inventors: Gholamreza Chaji, Joseph Marcel Dionne, Yaser Azizi, Javid Jaffari, Abbas Hormati, Tong Liu, Stefan Alexander
  • Patent number: 9526141
    Abstract: A system and method for the automatic color/brightness adjustment of a video display screen, panel, module or other display component comprising light emitting diodes (“LEDs”). The system and method incorporate a reference LED and a light sensor on each module and use decay information sensed from each reference LED to determine the amount of decay experienced by the display LEDs in the modules. Each module will be adjusted to have one uniform color/brightness level based on the decay information sensed from each reference LED.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignee: Lighthouse Technologies Limited
    Inventors: Shinsaku Kikkawa, Kui Lai Curie Chan
  • Patent number: 9402290
    Abstract: A system and method for the automatic color/brightness adjustment of a video display screen, panel, module or other display component comprising light emitting diodes (“LEDs”). The system and method incorporate a reference LED and a light sensor on each module and use decay information sensed from each reference LED to determine the amount of decay experienced by the display LEDs in the modules. Each module will be adjusted to have one uniform color/brightness level based on the decay information sensed from each reference LED.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2016
    Assignees: Lighthouse Technologies Limited, Lighthouse Technologies (Huizhou) Limited
    Inventors: Shinsaku Kikkawa, Kui Lai Curie Chan
  • Patent number: 9291855
    Abstract: A light modulation layer of a display panel in the present invention includes shape-anisotropic members and liquid crystal molecules. The projected area of the shape-anisotropic members on a first substrate and a second substrate is changed by altering the voltage applied to the light modulation layer, which changes the orientation of the liquid crystal molecules. According to the present invention, it is possible to increase light use efficiency with a simple configuration and to control light/dark switching in both directions at a high switching speed. The present invention is applicable to a television.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Eiji Satoh, Kohzoh Nakamura, Hisashi Watanabe, Takahiro Nakahara
  • Patent number: 9238776
    Abstract: Methods of forming a liquid crystal blue phase from composite materials having a chiral nematic liquid crystal host and a bent-shape molecule are described. The stable temperature range of the liquid crystal blue phase may be improved by controlling the thickness of the composite materials. For example, a given composition may have a maximum stable temperature range for the liquid crystal blue phase at about 1 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2016
    Assignee: East China University of Science and Technology
    Inventor: Zhigang Zheng
  • Patent number: 9234136
    Abstract: The invention relates to a liquid-crystalline medium based on a mixture of polar compounds having a negative dielectric anisotropy which contains at least one self-aligning additive, especially at least one additive selected from the group of the compounds of the formula IA to ID in which R1A, R1B, R1C, L1-12, R1D, Ring l, u, v, w, x, y, z and m have the meanings indicated in Claim 4 and to the use thereof for an active-matrix display, in particular based on the VA, PSA and PS-VA effect in LC displays.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Assignee: MERCK PATENT GMBH
    Inventors: Graziano Archetti, Andreas Taugerbeck, Renate Bender, Ming-Chou Wu
  • Patent number: 9085730
    Abstract: The invention provides a liquid crystal (LC) composition, a LC cell thereof, and a LC device thereof. The LC composition comprises (i) a mixture of two or more nematic liquid crystals, and (ii) at least one chiral dopant. The mixture of the liquid crystals can exist in a blue phase within a temperature range of from about 12-60° C. such as 21-28° C. The LC device can be a blue phase mode liquid crystal display (BPLCD) based on such a room-temperature blue phase LC. The BPLCD requires no alignment, and it exhibits merits such as a fast switching time (e.g. sub-millisecond), a low switching voltage and a large field-induced birefringence, among others.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2015
    Assignee: Kent State University
    Inventors: Liang-Chy Chien, Lu Lu, Jeoung Yeon Hwang
  • Patent number: 9016937
    Abstract: An electrical temperature sensor (10) comprises a liquid crystalline material (12). First and second electrically conductive contacts (14), (16), having a spaced relationship therebetween, contact the liquid crystalline material (12). An electric property measuring device is electrically connected to the first and second contacts (14), (16) and is arranged to measure an electric property of the liquid crystalline material (12). The liquid crystalline material (12) has a transition temperature T at which it undergoes a phase change between polar and non-polar phases. The phase change between polar and non-polar phases causes a change in said electric property of the liquid crystalline material (12).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Syngenta Limited
    Inventors: Helen Frances Gleeson, Ingo Dierking, Sarabjot Kaur, Bruce Donaldson Grieve, Neville Christopher Paul Woodyatt, Paul Douglas Brimicombe
  • Patent number: 8999196
    Abstract: The invention is to provide a new liquid crystal compound having a high clearing point, a good compatibility with other compounds, a small viscosity, and a high stability to heat, light and so forth; compound (1) is provided: R1CF2nR2??(1) wherein, for example, R1 is alkyl having 4 to 10 carbons or —(CH2)2—CH?CH2, R2 is alkyl having 2 to 10 carbons, n is 8, and R1 and R2 are not allowed to be straight-chain alkyl having an identical number of carbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Tanaka, Sayaka Fujimori
  • Patent number: 8974694
    Abstract: A cholesteric liquid-crystal composition is described, which contains a liquid-crystal component and a chiral agent, and has a selective reflection wavelength in the range of 400 nm to 800 nm at 25° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Haseba, Koki Sago, Takafumi Kuninobu, Shin-Ichi Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 8968842
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display device includes a first substrate, a second substrate facing the first substrate, and a liquid crystal layer between the first and second substrates. The liquid crystal layer includes a liquid crystal composition including an alkenyl liquid crystal and an antioxidant component including at least one selected from an antioxidant and a derivative thereof. In an embodiment, the antioxidant component is present in an amount of greater than 0 ppm and equal to or less than about 10,000 ppm relative to the total weight of the liquid crystal composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jihong Bae, Kyungmin Kim, Min-Jae Kim, Min-Hee Kim, Euna Kim, Joon-Hyung Park, Keunchan Oh, Jinhyeong Lee
  • Patent number: 8961824
    Abstract: To provide a liquid crystal composition satisfying at least one characteristics such as a high maximum temperature of a nematic phase, a low minimum temperature thereof, small viscosity, suitable optical anisotropy, large negative dielectric anisotropy and specific resistance, high stability to ultraviolet light and heat, or having a suitable balance regarding at least two of the characteristics; an AM device having short response time, a large voltage holding ratio and contrast ratio, and a long life. A liquid crystal composition has a nematic phase and contains a specific straight-chain compound as a first component and a specific compound having a large dielectric anisotropy as second component, and may contain a specific compound having a high maximum temperature or small viscosity as a third component and a specific compound having a high maximum temperature or large dielectric anisotropy as a fourth component, and a liquid crystal display device includes the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Takayoshi Yanai, Norikatsu Hattori, Hiroyuki Tanaka
  • Patent number: 8956549
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a liquid-crystalline medium, characterised in that it contains a polymerisable component (A) containing one more polymerisable compounds and a liquid-crystalline component (B) containing one more compounds of the general formula I in which R, rings A1 and A2, Z1, Z2, Y1, Y2, X0 and r are as defined in Claim 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Seung-Eun Lee, Eun Young Kim, Dong-Mee Song, Kyung-Ah Park, Sang-Hyun Park, Eun-Kyu Lee
  • Patent number: 8945420
    Abstract: The invention relates to an electro-optical liquid-crystal display which contains, as dielectric, a liquid-crystalline medium having negative dielectric anisotropy and includes a backlight which essentially only emits light having a wavelength of 400 nm or more or has, between the liquid-crystal layer and the backlight, a cut-off filter which essentially only allows light having a wavelength of 420 nm or more to pass through. In particular, the liquid-crystalline medium comprises a) a (first) dielectrically negative component (component A) which consists of one or more dielectrically negative compounds of the formula I in which the parameters have the meanings indicated in claim 2, and a further (second) dielectrically negative component (component B).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Atsutaka Manabe, Kazuaki Tarumi, Hubert Spreitzer, Axel Jansen, Melanie Klasen-Memmer
  • Patent number: 8932484
    Abstract: The liquid crystal composition has a negative dielectric anisotropy, and contains a specific bicyclic compound having a large optical anisotropy and negative dielectric anisotropy as a first component and a specific tricyclic compound having a large dielectric anisotropy as a second component, and may contain a specific compound having a small viscosity as a third component, a specific compound having a large dielectric anisotropy and a small viscosity as a fourth component and a specific compound having a large dielectric anisotropy as a fifth component, and the liquid crystal display device includes the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Norikatsu Hattori, Kazuhiko Saigusa
  • Patent number: 8920674
    Abstract: To provide a liquid crystal composition satisfying at least one characteristic including a high maximum temperature of a nematic phase, a low minimum temperature thereof, a small viscosity, a large optical anisotropy, dielectric anisotropy and specific resistance, a high stability to ultraviolet light and heat, or a liquid crystal composition having a suitable balance regarding at least two characteristics; and an AM device having a short response time, a large voltage holding ratio and contrast ratio and a long life; a liquid crystal composition has a negative dielectric anisotropy and contains a compound having a low minimum temperature as a first component and a compound having a large negative dielectric anisotropy as a second component, and may contain a compound having a small viscosity as a third component and a compound having a large negative dielectric anisotropy as a fourth component, and a liquid crystal display device containing the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Takayoshi Yanai, Norikatsu Hattori, Hiroyuki Tanaka
  • Patent number: 8804092
    Abstract: The present invention relates to modulation elements for electromagnetic radiation and to modulation devices and systems comprising these devices, such as e.g. television screens and computer monitors, as well as to micrometer wave components. The modulation elements according to the invention comprise a mesogenic modulation medium with a dielectric anisotropy, which shows two or more distinct transitions upon application of an electric field. The mesogenic modulation media used in the modulation elements for electromagnetic radiation are also a subject of the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Dagmar Klement, Atsutaka Manabe, Nobuo Kubo
  • Patent number: 8790545
    Abstract: A composition for a liquid crystal film includes: 100 parts by weight of a vertically aligned liquid crystal mixture; 0.001-20 parts by weight of a chiral dopant; and 50-900 parts by weight of a solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Dae-Hee Lee, Belyaev Sergey, Moon-Soo Park
  • Publication number: 20140184968
    Abstract: Provided is a novel liquid crystal display device without deterioration of display quality. The liquid crystal display device includes a pixel for displaying a still image with a frame frequency of 1 Hz or lower. The pixel includes a liquid crystal element which includes a liquid crystal layer and has a cell gap of d (?m). The liquid crystal layer includes a liquid crystal composition which includes a liquid crystal material. The helical pitch of the liquid crystal material is longer than or equal to 4d ?m and shorter than or equal to 8d ?m. With this structure, a change in voltage applied to a pixel can be kept within an acceptable range of a deviation in gray level for displaying the same image. Thus, flickers due to a low refresh rate can be reduced, which leads to an increase in display quality.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2013
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuhiro NIIKURA, Momoko KATO, Daisuke KUBOTA, Makoto IKENAGA
  • Patent number: 8760750
    Abstract: The thermally switched absorptive optical shutter may be a self-regulating “switchable absorber” device that may absorb approximately 100% of incoming light above a threshold temperature, and may absorb approximately 50% of incoming light below a threshold temperature. The shutter may be formed by placing a thermotropic depolarizes between two absorptive polarizers. This control over the flow of radiant energy may occur independently of the thermal conductivity or insulation of the shutter device and may or may not preserve the image and color properties of incoming visible light. This has energy-efficiency implications as it can be used to regulate the internal temperature and illumination of buildings, vehicles, and other structures without the need for an external power supply or operator signals. The shutter device has unique optical properties that are not found in traditional windows, skylights, stained glass, light fixtures, glass blocks, bricks, or other building materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Ravenbrick LLC
    Inventors: Richard M. Powers, Wil McCarthy
  • Patent number: 8755105
    Abstract: The thermally switched reflective optical shutter is a self-regulating “switchable mirror” device that reflects up to 100% of incident radiant energy above a threshold temperature, and reflects up to 50% of incident radiant energy below a threshold temperature. Control over the flow of radiant energy occurs independently of the thermal conductivity or insulating value of the device, and may or may not preserve the image and color properties of incoming visible light. The device can be used as a construction material to efficiently regulate the internal temperature and illumination of buildings, vehicles, and other structures without the need for an external power supply or operator signals. The device can be tailored to transmit sufficient visible light to see through in both the transparent and reflective states, while still providing significant control over the total energy transmission across the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Ravenbrick LLC
    Inventors: Richard M. Powers, Wil McCarthy
  • Patent number: 8711312
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display device using a liquid crystal material exhibiting a blue phase is provided to achieve higher contrast. Further, the power consumption of the liquid crystal display device using a liquid crystal exhibiting a blue phase is reduced. In a liquid crystal display device including: a first substrate provided with a pixel electrode layer (also referred to as a first electrode layer); and a second substrate provided with a common electrode layer (also referred to as a second electrode layer), between which a liquid crystal layer exhibiting a blue phase is interposed, the pixel electrode layer and the common electrode layer project into the liquid crystal layer and are arranged so that the adjacent pixel electrode layer and common electrode layer engage with each other at a distance with the liquid crystal layer interposed therebetween.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Daisuke Kubota, Akio Yamashita, Tetsuji Ishitani, Tomohiro Tamura
  • Patent number: 8696932
    Abstract: The present invention provides a liquid-crystalline polymer composition comprising: 100 parts by weight of a liquid-crystalline polymer and 1-150 parts by weight of the total weight of talc particles (A) and talc particles (B), wherein talc particles (A) have an aspect ratio of 3.1-5.0 and a median particle diameter of 5-100 ?m; and talc particles (B) have an aspect ratio of 1.0-3.0 and a median particle diameter of 5-100 ?m; wherein the weight ratio of talc particles (A)/talc particles (B) is from 1/9 to 9/1, and wherein the liquid-crystalline polymer composition according to the present invention exhibits improved molding flowability without impairing mechanical properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Ueno Fine Chemicals Industry, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroto Uchida, Hitoshi Tsuchiya
  • Patent number: 8675167
    Abstract: A polymer dispersed display apparatus includes a polymer layer, and a plurality of liquid crystal drops dispersed in the polymer layer. Quantum dots emitting a plurality of colors of light are mixed in the liquid crystal drops. Therefore, the polymer dispersed display apparatus displays colors without the need for a color filter. Thus, the polymer dispersed display apparatus need not include a polarization plate and a color filter, so that a light usage efficiency of the polymer dispersed display apparatus increases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jae-eun Jang, Seung-nam Cha, Jae-eun Jung, Yong-wan Jin
  • Patent number: 8658057
    Abstract: A liquid crystal polyester resin composition for camera modules is used, the composition including, based on 100 parts by mass of the composition as a whole, (A) 49.5 to 69.5 parts by mass of a liquid crystal polyester, (B) 30.0 to 50.0 parts by mass of an irregular form or spherical powder having a Mohs hardness of 5 or higher and a primary particle diameter of 5 ?m or less, and (C) 0.5 to 5.0 parts by mass of carbon black. The use of the resin composition allows a reduction in the amount of dust generated (particles falling off) during the production of the camera, the use of the camera, and the operation of the camera modules. The resin composition has high surface hardness, is excellent in balance between heat resistance, stiffness, moldability, and resistance to falling of particles off a surface, and causes no malfunction during autofocus control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
    Inventors: Toshio Nakayama, Satoshi Murouchi
  • Patent number: 8654303
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display device of the present invention is arranged such that a retardation of a liquid crystal layer which obtained while no voltage is applied falls within ±(a value which is one-tenth of a main wavelength) of a value obtained by adding natural number times the main wavelength to a total retardation of at least one optical compensation film. This allows suppression of a transmittance during no voltage application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Yohei Nakanishi
  • Patent number: 8610867
    Abstract: Provided are a liquid crystal composition and a liquid crystal display (LCD) including the liquid crystal composition. The LCD includes a first display panel a second display panel facing the first display panel, and a liquid crystal composition disposed between the first display panel and the second display panel. If a dielectric constant in a direction parallel to a long axis of liquid crystals is defined as a horizontal dielectric constant ??, a dielectric constant in a direction perpendicular to the long axis of the liquid crystals is defined as a vertical dielectric constant ??, and the difference between the vertical dielectric constant ?? and the horizontal dielectric constant ?? is defined as dielectric anisotropy ??, then a ratio ??/?? of the dielectric anisotropy ?? to the vertical dielectric constant ?? of the liquid crystal composition is 0.5 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Dong-Gyu Kim, Kyoung-Ju Shin, Jong-Ho Son, Yong-Kuk Yun, Jun-Pyo Lee, Seunng-Soo Baek
  • Patent number: 8603596
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display device includes an illuminator and a liquid crystal panel for performing displaying by using light which is emitted from the illuminator. The liquid crystal panel includes a pair of substrates and a liquid crystal layer provided therebetween. The liquid crystal layer is formed of a liquid crystal material which contains molecules having at least one of a carbon-carbon triple bond and a polycyclic group. The illuminator includes a light source causing primary generation of at least blue light, among other light which is used for displaying.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Koichi Miyachi
  • Patent number: 8551358
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a liquid-crystalline medium, characterised in that it contains a polymerisable component (A) containing one more polymerisable compounds and a liquid-crystalline component (B) containing one more compounds of the general formula I in which R, rings A1 and A2, Z1, Z2, Y1, Y2, X0 and r are as defined in Claim 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Seung-Eun Lee, Eun Young Kim, Dong-Mee Song, Kyung-Ah Park, Sang-Hyun Park, Eun-Kyu Lee
  • Patent number: 8545719
    Abstract: The present invention provides a liquid crystal polyester composition, comprising (i) 100 parts by weight of a liquid crystal polyester, and (ii) 65 to 100 parts by weight of a combination of a fibrous filler with a plate-like filler, wherein the fibrous filler has a number-average fiber diameter of 5 to 15 ?m, and a number-average aspect ratio of 20 to 40, and a content ratio by weight of the fibrous filler to the plate-like filler is more than 1.0 and 1.6 or less; and a process for producing the liquid crystal polyester composition comprising a step of melt-kneading the above respective components with one another.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Shintaro Komatsu, Yoshiyuki Fukuhara, Hiroshi Harada
  • Patent number: 8545718
    Abstract: A wholly aromatic thermotropic liquid-crystal polyester resin composition, comprising 5 to 40 parts by volume of titanium oxide (B) and 5 to 40 parts by volume of barium sulfate (C) with respect to 100 parts by volume of a wholly aromatic thermotropic liquid-crystal polyester (A); wherein the total of the (B) component and the (C) component with respect to 100 parts by volume of the (A) component is 15 to 45 parts by volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
    Inventors: Toshio Nakayama, Miyuki Shiraishi
  • Patent number: 8477484
    Abstract: An electronic apparatus includes a case having an opening, and at least one retaining section is adjacent to the opening. At least one retaining pin is arranged in each of the at least one retaining section. The electronic apparatus further includes a cover to cover the opening. The cover includes at least one fixing section engaging with the at least one retaining section. A receiving chamber is arranged in each of the at least one fixing section to receive a clamp section of a resilient piece clamping the at least one retaining pin. The resilient piece is movable when the retaining pin is clamped by the clamp section arranged in the receiving chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Chih-Hao Lin
  • Patent number: 8349209
    Abstract: The invention provides a liquid crystal composition having an optically isotropic liquid crystal phase used in an element driven in a state of an optically isotropic liquid crystal phase, which comprises a compound 1 having the clearing point T1 and a compound 2 having the clearing point T2, and which has the clearing point Tx, wherein the liquid crystal composition comprises 10 to 80 wt % of compound 1 and 20 to 90 wt % of compound 2, and wherein the clearing point T1, the clearing point T2 and the clearing point Tx of the liquid crystal composition satisfy the following conditions: T1>T2 T1?Tx?100° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Haseba, Hirotsugu Kikuchi
  • Publication number: 20120327356
    Abstract: An unpolarized light beam phase modulator emitting in a given wavelength range comprises at least one cell containing a liquid crystal having a helical structure and means for applying a voltage to said cell, said liquid crystal having a torsion elastic constant greater than its twisting elastic constant so as to ensure continuous stable behavior voltage-wise, said liquid crystal having a sufficient number of turns and in which the axis of the turns is in the light-propagation direction, making it possible to obtain an optical effect generated by the liquid crystal on the electrical field that is identical regardless of the direction of this electrical field, said cell being transparent in said wavelength range.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2011
    Publication date: December 27, 2012
    Applicant: Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives
    Inventors: Umberto Rossini, Bruno Mourey
  • Patent number: 8329058
    Abstract: A photodisplay device in which an optically addressed image can be viewed indefinitely, erased and readdressed with a new image is disclosed. Optically responsive reversible photochiral materials are incorporated into a bistable cholesteric liquid crystal in an electrooptic display cell. A high resolution image exposed on the cell is fixed by a low voltage pulse to unpatterned electrodes and can be, at a later time, erased with a high voltage pulse.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignees: Kent Displays Incorporated, Kent State University
    Inventors: Quan Li, Lisa M. Green, J. William Doane, Asad A. Khan, Nithya Venkataraman, Irina Shiyanovskaya
  • Publication number: 20120293763
    Abstract: This invention provides an exposure apparatus that can inhibit visual recognition of display unevenness at a joint portion even if scanning temporarily stops during scanning exposure, as well as a liquid crystal display device and a method for manufacturing the liquid crystal display device. This invention is an exposure apparatus for exposing a photoalignment film provided on a substrate. The exposure apparatus includes a light source and a photomask, and exposes the photoalignment film through the photomask while scanning the light source or the substrate. When a direction in which the light source or the substrate is scanned is taken as a scanning direction, and a direction that is orthogonal to the scanning direction is taken as a vertical direction, the photomask includes a first region and a second region that is adjacent to the first region in the vertical direction. The first region includes a plurality of first transparent portions inside a first light-shielding portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2010
    Publication date: November 22, 2012
    Inventors: Iichiro Inoue, Koichi Miyachi
  • Patent number: 8313670
    Abstract: The subject is to provide a liquid crystal composition that satisfies at least one of characteristics such as a high maximum temperature of a nematic phase, a low minimum temperature of a nematic phase, a small viscosity, a suitable optical anisotropy, a negatively large dielectric anisotropy, a large specific resistance and a high stability to ultraviolet light or heat, or that is suitably balanced regarding at least two of the characteristics. The subject is to provide a AM device that has a short response time, a large voltage holding ratio, a large contrast ratio, a long service life and so forth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Norikatsu Hattori, Eriko Kurihara
  • Patent number: 8273264
    Abstract: Disclosed are novel liquid-crystal compounds, processes and intermediates for the preparation thereof, the use thereof for optical, electro-optical and electronic purposes, in particular in liquid-crystal (LC) media and LC displays, and to LC media and LC displays containing the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: Merck Patent Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung
    Inventors: Axel Jansen, Detlef Pauluth, Bernd Fiebranz, Bernhard Rieger
  • Patent number: 8237893
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display device comprising a liquid crystal panel having a cell 15 and polarizing plates 11, 12; wherein a liquid crystal molecule is rotated in parallel to the cell 15, the polarizing plate 12 has a multiple polarizer layer formed thereon, the multiple player having a first polarizer layer having a higher polarization degree with respect to a light from a forward direction than a polarization degree with respect to a light from a oblique direction and a second polarizer layer having a higher polarization degree with respect to a light from a oblique direction than a polarization degree with respect to a light from a forward direction, and an average elastic constant of a splay elastic constant K1, a twist elastic constant K2, and a bend elastic constant K3 of liquid crystal material is equal to 10×10?12 N or larger and satisfies a relationship of K1/K2<=1.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignees: Hitachi Displays, Ltd., Panasonic Liquid Crystal Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuka Utsumi, Shintaro Takeda, Ikuo Hiyama, Kikuo Ono
  • Patent number: 8228450
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display includes a thin film transistor, a liquid crystal capacitor, which is electrically connected to the thin film transistor and includes a liquid crystal layer, and a storage capacitor, which is electrically connected to the thin film transistor in parallel to the liquid crystal capacitor, wherein the liquid crystal layer has a positive dielectric anisotropy and is disposed in a twisted nematic mode, and a capacitance ratio of a capacitance of the storage capacitor to a capacitance of the liquid crystal capacitor is approximately 0.4 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Su-Jung Huh, Min-Jae Kim, Duck-Jong Suh
  • Patent number: 8199290
    Abstract: A display device includes a display panel, a backlight assembly providing a light to the display panel, a receiving container receiving the backlight assembly and a heat sink member disposed between the backlight assembly and the receiving container. The display panel includes a first substrate including a pixel electrode formed on a pixel region and electrically connected to a switching device, a first alignment layer formed on the pixel electrode, a second substrate including a common electrode layer facing the first substrate, a second alignment layer formed on the common electrode layer, and a liquid crystal layer including a liquid crystal composition having a nematic-to-isotropic transition temperature higher than about 80° C. Thus, black bruising of liquid crystal may be prevented and/or reduced, thereby enhancing a display quality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2012
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Soo-Jeong Huh, Nam-Seok Lee, Won-Gap Yoon, So-Youn Park, Si-Heun Kim
  • Publication number: 20120133690
    Abstract: A display element (2) includes: a soft material (24) enclosed within a display space (K) in an expandable and/or contractable manner, the display space (K) being formed between an upper substrate (first substrate) (5) and a lower substrate (second substrate) (6); and a counter electrode (second electrode) (22) and a pixel electrode (first electrode) (21) provided on the upper substrate (5) side and the lower substrate (6) side, respectively. The display element changes the display color on the display surface by causing the soft material (24) to expand and/or contract in a predetermined direction in response to an electric field generated between the pixel electrode (21) and the counter electrode (22).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 2, 2010
    Publication date: May 31, 2012
    Inventor: Takashi Katayama
  • Patent number: 8189165
    Abstract: A liquid-crystalline coating fluid comprises: a lyotropic liquid crystal compound; a vinyl alcohol-based polymer; and a solvent, wherein 0.05 to 1.5 weight parts of vinyl alcohol-based polymer is contained with respect to 100 weight parts of the lyotropic liquid-crystal compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventors: Toru Umemoto, Toshimasa Nishimori, Tadayuki Kameyama
  • Patent number: 8187491
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display device includes an illuminator and a liquid crystal panel for performing displaying by using light which is emitted from the illuminator. The liquid crystal panel includes a pair of substrates and a liquid crystal layer provided therebetween. The liquid crystal layer is formed of a liquid crystal material which contains molecules having at least one of a carbon-carbon triple bond and a polycyclic group. The illuminator includes a light source causing primary generation of at least blue light, among other light which is used for displaying.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Koichi Miyachi
  • Patent number: 8182716
    Abstract: Disclosed is a novel liquid crystal compound, a liquid crystal composition comprising the same, and an optical film using the same liquid crystal composition. More particularly, there is provided a liquid crystal material of a viewing angle compensation film with high quality characteristics, which can improve a contrast ratio and minimize variations in color with viewing angles in a black state, a liquid crystal composition comprising the same liquid crystal material, and a compensation film obtained from the same liquid crystal composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2012
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jae-Ho Cheong, Min-Jin Ko, Myung-Sun Moon, Bum-Gyu Choi, Dae-Ho Kang, Ki-Youl Lee, Yun-Bong Kim
  • Patent number: 8168083
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an electro-optical light-modulation element of the FFS type, and to electro-optical displays and display systems, such as, for example, television screens and computer monitors, which contain elements of this type. The light-modulation elements according to the invention contain a liquid-crystalline modulation medium which has optimised elastic constants and are distinguished, in particular, by high contrast and/or optimised transmission in addition to good contrast, a low viewing-angle dependence, short response times and low addressing voltages. The present invention likewise relates to the liquid-crystalline modulation media used in the electro-optical light-modulation elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2012
    Assignee: Merck Patent Gesellschaft MIT Beschraenkter Haftung
    Inventors: Mark Goebel, Markus Czanta
  • Patent number: 8168734
    Abstract: The invention relates to compounds represented by Formula (1): wherein Ra is independently halogen, cyano, —CF3, —CF2H, —CFH2, —OCF3, —OCF2H, —N?C?O, —N?C?S or alkyl having a carbon number of approximately 1 to approximately 20; in the alkyl, optional —CH2— may be substituted with —O—, —S—, —SO2—, —CO—, —COO—, —OCO—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF— or —C?C—, and optional hydrogen may be substituted with halogen; Rb is fluorine or —CF3; A is independently 1,4-cyclohexylene, 1,4-cyclohexenylene, 1,4-phenylene, naphthalene-2,6-diyl, tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl, fluorene-2,7-diyl or bicyclo[2.2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2012
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, Chisso Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventor: Takashi Kato