Having Multiple Electrodes Patents (Class 359/295)
  • Patent number: 10204726
    Abstract: The present invention provides a backplane structure and a display device including the backplane structure. The backplane structure includes a backplate, a plurality of support components provided on a side of the backplate, and a control unit, wherein each of the support components includes a signal receiving element and an executive element, the signal receiving element may receive a control signal sent by the control unit, and the executive element has one end fastened to the backplate and is capable of being contracted or extended when the control signal is received by the signal receiving element. The display device provided by the present invention can not only achieve flat display, but also achieve curved display with different curvatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignees: BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO., LTD., BEIJING BOE DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Jiazuo Sai, Hetao Wang, Jianguo Xing, Jie Liu
  • Patent number: 10168621
    Abstract: An adjustable diffraction grating includes: an optical element and a distortion mechanism. The optical element has an optical surface to receive an input radiation beam. The optical element is provided with a plurality of closed channels below the optical surface, above each closed channel the optical surface being formed from a membrane of material. The distortion mechanism includes one or more actuators that are operable to distort the membranes over the closed channels so as to control the shape of the optical surface and to form a periodic structure on the optical surface which acts as a diffraction grating such that the input radiation beam is diffracted from the optical element to form a plurality of angularly separated sub-beams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: ASML Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Jeroen Dekkers, Han-Kwang Nienhuys, Michael Jozef Mathijs Renkens
  • Patent number: 10018768
    Abstract: A light guide plate assembly comprising: a first substrate which is transparent and positioned on a light-emitting side of the light guide plate assembly; a second substrate which is disposed opposite to the first substrate; and a plurality of light modulation units which are disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate, wherein each of the light modulation units comprises: a first electrode which is disposed adjacent to the first substrate; a second electrode which is disposed adjacent to the second substrate, wherein the first electrode and the second electrode are configured to generate an electric field therebetween; and an electrophoretic capsule layer which is positioned between the first electrode and the second electrode and comprises an electrophoretic capsule containing white electrophoretic particles and black electrophoretic particles which are dispersed in transparent dispersing medium and are oppositely charged.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignees: BOE Technology Group Co., Ltd., Hefei Xinsheng Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Heng Li, Zhiyu Qian, Zhengyuan Zhang, Lin Lin
  • Patent number: 9867976
    Abstract: An electrode for use with a therapeutic current delivery system can include a flexible, water vapor-permeable, conductive adhesive material; a current dispersing element in contact with the conductive adhesive material; and a non-conductive, flexible, water vapor-permeable, electrically-insulating top layer provided in contact with the current dispersing element. The current dispersing element can be conductive at least laterally along a plane of the electrode. The conductive adhesive material can be conductive in a direction substantially orthogonal to the plane of the electrode and semi-conductive in a direction substantially lateral to the plane of the electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Assignee: ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION
    Inventor: Gary A. Freeman
  • Patent number: 9761181
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a color display device in which each pixel can display at least six high-quality color states, and an electrophoretic fluid for such an electrophoretic display. The different types of particles exhibit different levels of attraction force to display different color states.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2017
    Assignee: E INK CALIFORNIA, LLC
    Inventors: Bryan Hans Chan, Craig Lin, Hui Du, Ming Wang
  • Patent number: 9696540
    Abstract: Micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) mirror devices and manufacturing methods thereof. The device comprising a hinge layer having orthogonal tilt and roll hinges connecting inner and outer platforms such that the inner platform has bi-directional rotation. An electrode layer connected beneath the hinge layer controls rotation of the platforms. A mirror layer above the hinge layer comprises a mirror connected to the inner platform via a pedestal and fixed membrane connected to the hinge layer but detached from the mirror. An anchor temporarily reduces movement of the outer platform during fabrication. In a fabrication state, the anchor anchors the outer platform to the mirror layer's fixed membrane. In a post-fabrication state, a gap releases the outer platform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2017
    Assignee: Lumentum Operations LLC
    Inventor: Abdul Jaleel K. Moidu
  • Patent number: 9678473
    Abstract: An apparatus for producing a hologram includes a collimation lens configured to receive incoherent light emitted from an object; a spatial light modulator (SLM) that includes at least one diffractive lens which is configured to receive the incoherent light from the collimation lens and split the incoherent light into two beams that interfere with each other; and a camera configured to record the interference pattern of the two beams to create a hologram, wherein a ratio between a distance from the SLM to the camera and a focal length of the diffractive lens is greater than 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: CELLOPTIC, INC.
    Inventors: Joseph Rosen, Gary Brooker, Nisan Siegel
  • Patent number: 9671668
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a color display device in which each pixel can display at least six high-quality color states, and an electrophoretic fluid for such an electrophoretic display. The different types of particles exhibit different levels of attraction force to display different color states.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignee: E INK CALIFORNIA, LLC
    Inventors: Bryan Hans Chan, Craig Lin, Hui Du, Ming Wang
  • Patent number: 9664890
    Abstract: A variable wavelength interference filter includes: a first reflective film disposed on a face of a first substrate facing a second substrate; a second reflective film disposed on a face of the second substrate facing the first substrate and the first reflective film; a first electrode disposed on the face of the first substrate; and a second electrode disposed on the face of the second substrate. The second substrate includes a movable portion on which the second reflective film is disposed and a connection maintaining portion maintaining the movable portion to be movable in a substrate thickness direction, the connection maintaining portion circumscribes the movable portion and is thinner than the movable portion, and the second electrode is disposed on a portion of the second substrate that is thicker than the connection maintaining portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Teruyuki Nishimura, Akira Sano
  • Patent number: 9568416
    Abstract: A multimode detection system for detecting one or more samples is provided. The detection system comprises an electromagnetic radiation source, a reference arm, and a sample arm comprising a sensing substrate having a plurality of sample fields, wherein the sample fields are configured to receive the one or more samples. The system further comprises a phase difference generator configured to introduce pathlength differences in the reference arm, sample arm, or both, a spatial light modulator operatively coupled to the reference arm, sample arm, or both, wherein the spatial light modulator is configured to modulate incident radiation, resultant radiation, or both in the reference arm, sample arm, or both, and an imaging spectrometer configured to discriminate between two or more spatially separated sample en two or more spatially separated sample fields.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Sameer Dinkar Vartak, Sandip Maity, Rajesh Veera Venkata Lakshmi Langoju, Abhijit Vishwas Patil
  • Patent number: 9377629
    Abstract: A lenticular unit includes a transparent substrate; first electrodes being transparent and disposed on the substrate; a second electrode being transparent and elastic; and a transparent material layer interposed between the first and second electrodes and being deformable in a lens shape in a thickness direction depending on a potential applied between the first and second electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2016
    Assignee: Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yong-Su Lee, Yoon-Ho Khang, Se-Hwan Yu
  • Patent number: 9367890
    Abstract: An image processing apparatus, upgrade apparatus, display system and control method are provided. The image processing apparatus includes a signal input unit; a first image processing unit which processes an input signal input by the signal input unit to output a first output signal; an upgrade apparatus connection unit connected to an upgrade apparatus which includes a second image processing unit; and a first controller which controls at least one of the input signal processed by the first image processing unit and the first output signal to be transmitted to the upgrade apparatus and processed by the second image processing unit if the upgrade apparatus is connected to the upgrade apparatus connection unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hoon Choi, Ho-woong Kang, Jin-sung Kang, Kwang-youn Kim, Young-dae Kim, Jae-hyun Jeong, Chang-joo Jung
  • Patent number: 9310236
    Abstract: An ultrasonic transducer for a pipe includes an ultrasonic source configured to emit a sonic beam and a conically shaped reflector configured to reflect the sonic beam towards an inner wall of the pipe. An apex of the reflector opposite its base is mounted to the ultrasonic source. The conically shaped reflector may have concave outer surfaces that enable the reflector to reflect the sonic beam into waves of a collimated shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2016
    Inventor: Joseph Baumoel
  • Patent number: 9291813
    Abstract: Systems and methods for a display having an array of pixels, a substrate, and a control matrix formed on the substrate are described. The array of pixels includes mechanical light modulators that can be referred to as micro-electro-mechanical or MEMS light modulators. The MEMS light modulators may be shutter-based light modulators, and an array of apertures may be formed on the substrate corresponding spatially to the shutters in the array of shutter-based light modulators. Each modulator is configured to be driven from a-light-blocking state to a-light-transmissive state through a movement direction. The array of light modulators are arranged to reduce the correlations in movement directions of neighboring pixels, thereby reducing the amplitude of acoustic emissions from the display.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: Pixtronix, Inc.
    Inventors: Jasper Lodewyk Steyn, Jignesh Gandhi
  • Patent number: 9201174
    Abstract: A method of fabricating a liquid lens array creates an array of through holes of axisymmetric cross-section through a central plate, forms conductive traces on the side walls of each of the through holes and on a portion of the top and bottom surfaces of the central plate contiguous with each through hole, and bonds the bottom surface of the central plate around each through hole to the top surface of a transparent base plate, forming an array of cavities. The method applies an insulating layer to the side walls of each cavity, portions of the top surface of the base plate lying within each cavity, and portions of the top surface of the transparent central plate surrounding each cavity, introduces a polar liquid and a non-polar liquid into each cavity; and bonds the top surface of the central plate to the bottom surface of a transparent top plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Assignee: Invenios Inc
    Inventors: Raymond Miller Karam, Georges Roussos
  • Patent number: 9046682
    Abstract: The subject matter disclosed herein relates to an electrowetting display comprising: a dielectric barrier layer formed on a substrate; a hydrophobic layer formed on the dielectric barrier layer, wherein the dielectric barrier layer maintains a separation between the hydrophobic layer and the substrate; a patterned pixel grid formed on the hydrophobic layer, wherein the patterned pixel grid comprises rows and columns of pixel walls that form field pixels and border pixels; an oil film overlying the hydrophobic layer, wherein the oil film is partitioned by the patterned pixel grid; and an electrolyte overlying the oil film and the patterned pixel grid, wherein one or more of the rows or the columns of pixel walls of the patterned pixel grid includes a substantially nonlinear-shaped portion to reduce sheer stress between the patterned pixel grid and the hydrophobic layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel Figura, Toru Sakai, Christian Etienne Hendriks
  • Patent number: 9042001
    Abstract: An electrophoretic display apparatus includes an array substrate, an opposite substrate facing the array substrate, and an electrophoretic layer disposed between the array substrate and the opposite substrate. The electrophoretic layer includes a non-polar solvent and a plurality of polar particles dispersed in the non-polar solvent. At least one of the array substrate or the opposite substrate includes a plurality of electric field forming electrodes respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Myung-Eun Kim, Sangil Kim, Gilhwan Yeo, Yujin Kim, Byungseok Choi
  • Patent number: 9030391
    Abstract: This disclosure provides systems, methods and apparatus, including computer programs encoded on computer storage media, for accurately positioning a movable conductive layer of a reflective display element. In one aspect, an initial position of the movable conductive layer with respect to at least one or more fixed conductive layers is sensed. A charging voltage may be determined based at least in part on the initial position. The charging voltage may be applied to the movable conductive layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: QUALCOMM MEMS Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: John H. Hong, Chong U. Lee, Cheonhong Kim, Edward K. Chan
  • Patent number: 9025235
    Abstract: An optical interference color display comprising a transparent substrate, an inner-front optical diffusion layer, a plurality of first electrodes, a patterned support layer, a plurality of optical films and a plurality of second electrodes is provided. The inner-front optical diffusion layer is on the transparent substrate and the first electrodes are on the inner-front optical diffusion layer. The patterned support layer is on the inner-front optical diffusion layer between the first electrodes. The optical film is on the first electrodes and the second electrodes are positioned over the respective first electrodes. The second electrodes are supported through the patterned support layer. Furthermore, there is an air gap between the second electrodes and their respective first electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Qualcomm MEMS Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Wen-Jian Lin
  • Patent number: 9025238
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a variety of designs of piezo electrophoretic displays which may be driven without connecting to a power source. The piezo-electrophoretic display comprises an electrophoretic layer, a conductor layer, and a layer of piezo material. The processes for manufacturing the piezo electrophoretic displays are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: E Ink California, LLC
    Inventors: Bryan Hans Chan, Craig Lin, HongMei Zang
  • Patent number: 9019587
    Abstract: A display device provided with an MEMS light valve, comprising: a substrate, a fixed grating located on the substrate, an MEMS light valve for controlling the opening and closing of the fixed grating; a guide is disposed on the substrate. The MEMS light valve comprises: a movable grating, a movable electrode and fixed electrodes; the moveable grating is located in the guide and is electrically connected to the guide when contacting the guide; one end of the movable electrode is fixedly connected with the movable grating, and the other end is suspended; and the fixed electrodes and the movable electrode form a capacitor. When a potential difference forms between the fixed electrodes and the movable electrode, the movable electrode drives the movable grating to move in the guide, thereby opening and closing the fixed grating. Therefore, the MEMS light valve sensitivity can be enhanced and reliability is improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Lexvu Opto Microelectronics Technology (Shanghai) Ltd
    Inventors: Jianhong Mao, Deming Tang
  • Patent number: 9007676
    Abstract: An electrostatic display employing MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical System) technology is disclosed. The transition from white to black pixel color occurs as two cantilevers covering the pixel area are electrostatically turned from their position parallel to the substrate plane to the position normal to the substrate plane. Four electrode pixel control circuits are used to form row and column matrix. This matrix employs a bi-stability effect resulting from the difference in voltages needed to move the cantilever into an upright position and hold the cantilever in this position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Copytele, Inc.
    Inventors: Alexander Kastalsky, Anthony J. Campisi
  • Patent number: 9001412
    Abstract: A microelectromechanical (MEMS) device includes a substrate, a movable element over the substrate, and an actuation electrode above the movable element. The movable element includes a deformable layer and a reflective element. The deformable layer is spaced from the reflective element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: QUALCOMM MEMS Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Clarence Chui, William Cummings, Brian James Gally, Lior Kogut, Ming-Hau Tung, Yeh-Jiun Tung, Chih-Wei Chiang, Denis Endisch
  • Patent number: 8982446
    Abstract: A reflective color display is disclosed. A substrate supports a first conductor layer and pixel wells. A piezoelectric segment is formed in each pixel well over the first conductor layer. A second conductor layer overlies the piezoelectric segments, wherein an electric field created across any piezoelectric segment causes the piezoelectric segment to expand or contract under control of the electric field. A Bragg reflector segment overlies each piezoelectric segment and is compressible by expansion of the underlying piezoelectric segment. A white light LED layer overlies the Bragg reflector segments. By varying the electric field across each piezoelectric segment, the overlying Bragg reflector segment is controlled to reflect a selected wavelength for each pixel of the display. The walls of the pixel wells provide acoustic isolation between adjacent pixel wells. An acoustic membrane isolates the Bragg reflector segment from high frequency vibrations of the piezoelectric segment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Nthdegree Technologies Worldwide Inc.
    Inventor: William J. Ray
  • Patent number: 8976162
    Abstract: The electrophoretic display device includes: an electrophoretic layer which is disposed between first and second substrates disposed to face each other and has a plurality of first electrically-charged particles colored into a first color, a plurality of second electrically-charged particles colored into a second color, and a dispersion medium which retains the first and second electrically-charged particles; first and second pixel electrodes provided on the first substrate; an opposite electrode provided on the second substrate; and a reflective electrode provided at a position on the first substrate side rather than on the electrophoretic layer, wherein the first electrically-charged particle has permeability in a first wavelength region and absorbability in the other wavelength regions, and the second electrically-charged particle has reflectivity in a second wavelength region and absorbability in the other wavelength regions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventor: Takashi Sato
  • Patent number: 8970939
    Abstract: A multi-state light modulator comprises a first reflector. A first electrode is positioned at a distance from the first reflector. A second reflector is positioned between the first reflector and the first electrode. The second reflector is movable between an undriven position, a first driven position, and a second driven position, each having a corresponding distance from the first reflector. In one embodiment, the three positions correspond to reflecting white light, being non-reflective, and reflecting a selected color of light. Another embodiment is a method of making the light modulator. Another embodiment is a display including the light modulator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: QUALCOMM MEMS Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Clarence Chui, William J. Cummings, Brian J. Gally
  • Patent number: 8970942
    Abstract: An electrophoretic display device includes a switching element on a substrate including a display area having a pixel region and a non-display area at a periphery of the display area, a passivation layer covering the switching element, a pixel electrode on the passivation layer and connected to the switching element, an electrophoresis film on the pixel electrode and including an ink layer and a base film, wherein the ink layer includes a plurality of charged particles, and the base film is formed of polyethylene terephthalate, a common electrode for generating an electric field with the pixel electrode to drive the electrophoresis film, and a color filter layer directly on the electrophoresis film, wherein the color filter layer is formed under temperatures of less than 100 degrees of Celsius.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: LG Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Oh-Nam Kwon, Nack-Bong Choi, Choon-Ho Park, Yu-Sok Lim, Jong-Kwon Lee
  • Patent number: 8917438
    Abstract: A color display, and an electronic apparatus comprising the color display, are described herein. The display comprises an illumination unit overlaid with a color filter arranged with a plurality of color filter elements, wherein respective transmissions of the color filter elements are adjustable to allow either transmission for a selected wavelength in said range of wavelengths, or transmission for a number of wavelengths from said range of wavelengths. Such adjustable transmission may be implemented using actuatable fluids which may be controlled by means of electrowetting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Creator Technology B.V.
    Inventors: Petrus Johannes Gerardus van Lieshout, Hjalmar Edzer Ayco Huitema
  • Patent number: 8917439
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a color display comprising an electrophoretic fluid which comprises one or two types of pigment particles dispersed in a clear and colorless or clear and colored solvent, wherein said electrophoretic fluid is sandwiched between a common electrode and a plurality of driving electrodes. The driving electrodes are kept at a certain distance in order to expose a background layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: E Ink California, LLC
    Inventors: Ming Wang, Craig Lin, Roman Ivanov, Xiaojia Zhang, Robert A. Sprague
  • Patent number: 8908255
    Abstract: A method for forming an optical deflection device includes providing a semiconductor substrate comprising an upper surface region and a plurality of drive devices within one or more portions of the semiconductor substrate. The upper surface region includes one or more patterned structure regions and at least one open region to expose a portion of the upper surface region to form a resulting surface region. The method also includes forming a planarizing material overlying the resulting surface region to fill the at least one open region and cause formation of an upper planarized layer using the fill material. The method further includes forming a thickness of silicon material at a temperature of less than 300° C. to maintain a state of the planarizing material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Miradia Inc.
    Inventors: Xiao Yang, Yuxiang Wang, Wook Ji, Justin Allen Payne, Ye Wang, Howard Woo
  • Patent number: 8902490
    Abstract: The invention relates to a display, for using liquids to display information and a corresponding method. According to the invention, said display comprises a number of display elements with cavities, at least one display liquid for displaying information and at least one liquid reservoir for providing the at least one display liquid, characterized in that each display element further comprises a dosing device, by means of which display liquid from the liquid reservoir may be dosed into and out of the display element. The dosing device thus permits a precise dosing of defined display liquid volumes into or out of the display element. The method in which said dosing device finds use is used for precisely repeated dosing of defined volumes of display liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Advanced Display Technology AG
    Inventors: Frank Bartels, Juergen Rawert, Andriy Bitman
  • Patent number: 8879141
    Abstract: Methods and devices for calibrating and controlling the actuation of an analog interferometric modulator configured to have a plurality of actuation states. Devices and methods for calibrating an analog interferometric modulator to respond in linear relation to an applied voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Qualcomm MEMS Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Chong U. Lee, John H. Hong, Marc M. Mignard, Alok Govil
  • Patent number: 8873128
    Abstract: A micromechanical mirror arrangement comprising a mirror plate (1) which forms a translation mirror, which is connected via at least one holding element (2), preferably two or more holding elements, to a frame structure (3) and is movable in translation relative to this frame structure, characterized in that the connection region (4) of at least one holding element (2), preferably of all holding elements, with the mirror plate (1) is arranged inwardly offset, viewed from the outer margin (5) of the mirror plate toward to the center (6) of the mirror plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignees: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der Angewandten Forschung E.V., Technische Universitaet Dresden
    Inventors: Holger Conrad, Thomas Grasshoff, Denis Jung, Thilo Sandner
  • Patent number: 8861067
    Abstract: A method for modulating light using a micro-electro-mechanical structure includes providing a plurality of deformable mirror elements (30) having an L-shaped cross section. Each of the deformable mirror elements is comprised of a pedestal (32) and an elongated ribbon (33). Each of the ribbons has a reflective surface (35). A beam of light is directed on the deformable mirror elements. The deformable mirror elements is flexed about an axis parallel to a long dimension of the ribbons to vary a curvature of at least one of the reflective ribbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Nissim Pilossof
  • Patent number: 8854720
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a tri wavelength diffraction modulator (TWDM) and a method of tri wavelength diffraction modulation. The tri wavelength diffraction modulator includes: a stationary substrate with a bottom electrode plate formed on top of the stationary substrate; a first electrode plate comprising a first suspended beam suspended in parallel above the stationary substrate and a first connection anchored onto the stationary substrate; and a second electrode plate comprising a second suspended beam suspended in parallel above the first electrode plate and a second connection anchored onto the stationary substrate. The diffraction modulator and the method for diffraction modulation are suitable to projection system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Shanghai Lexvu Opto Microelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Herb He Huang
  • Patent number: 8848278
    Abstract: A system for modulating light using a micro-electro-mechanical structure includes a plurality of deformable mirror elements (30) having an L-shaped cross section. Each of the deformable mirror elements is comprised of a pedestal (32) and an elongated ribbon (33). Each of the ribbons has a reflective surface (35). A beam of light is directed on the deformable mirror elements. The deformable mirror elements is flexed about an axis parallel to a long dimension of the ribbons to vary a curvature of at least one of the reflective ribbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Nissim Pilossof
  • Patent number: 8848269
    Abstract: According to the present invention there is provided a method of projecting an image, the method comprising the steps of, providing light signal which is configured such that it can be projected onto a display surface to display an image; oscillating a first reflective surface, to scan the light signal over the display surface, using an actuator which is in operable co-operation with the first reflective surface, by applying a first actuation signal to the first reflective surface, wherein a rise time or fall time of the first actuation signal is inversely proportional to a resonant frequency of oscillation of the first reflective surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Lemoptix SA
    Inventors: Lucio Kilcher, Nicolas Abele
  • Patent number: 8842360
    Abstract: An electrowetting display device includes a black matrix that includes a plurality of openings corresponding to pixels, respectively, a first extension portion extending in a driving direction of an electrowetting layer, the driving direction being a direction in which motion of the electrowetting layer is induced when a voltage difference is applied between a common electrode and a pixel electrode, and a partition wall that partitions the pixels. The first extension portion includes first and second areas respectively extending in opposite directions to each other and a third area having a width substantially the same as a width of the partition wall. The first area has a width less than about half of a first length corresponding to a length extending between both sides of each pixel in the driving direction, and the second area has a width less than the width of the first area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Liquavista B.V.
    Inventors: SeungBo Shim, Sungkyun Park, Yong Jun Park, Hyun Sup Lee, Jinho Ju
  • Patent number: 8836636
    Abstract: An electrophoretic display device has a display unit including electrophoretic particles that are interposed between a pair of substrates; each pixel including a pixel electrode and a memory circuit, and a switch circuit connected between the pixel electrode and the memory circuit; and first and second control lines connected to the switch circuits. When a ratio of black color pixel data in image data is 50% or more of the image data, the following three-step image display driving action is performed: an image signal input step in which the pixel data is input as an image signal to the memory circuit; a first image display step in which all the pixels are set to black color; and a second image display step in which a white color portion is displayed by inputting a potential to one control line and electrically disconnecting the other control line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventor: Hiroshi Maeda
  • Patent number: 8830558
    Abstract: The disclosure provides an electrowetting display device. The electrowetting display device includes a first substrate and a second substrate disposed to each other. A first electrode layer may dispose on the first substrate. A second electrode layer may dispose on the second substrate. A hydrophobic dielectric layer is disposed on the first electrode layer. A first pixel rib is disposed on the first substrate. A second pixel rib is disposed on the first pixel rib. A water contact angle of the second pixel rib may be larger than that of the first pixel rib. A first liquid and a second liquid may be disposed in between the first substrate and the second substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Shu-Wei Kuo, Yun-Sheng Ku, Wei-Yuan Cheng, Pei-Pei Cheng
  • Patent number: 8797629
    Abstract: A method of operating by pulse width modulation a micromirror device is disclosed. In one aspect, the method includes providing a micromirror device having a micromirror element electrostatically deflectable around a rotation axis between a first and second position. The micromirror element is controllable by applying voltage signals to a first and second electrode on one side of the rotation axis and a third and fourth electrode on the other side. The method includes associating an intermediate value of intensity to the micromirror element during a time frame, the intensity being between a first value corresponding to the first position and a second value corresponding to the second position. The method includes switching the micromirror element between the first and second position. The intermediate value corresponds to the ratio of periods in the time frame in which the micromirror element is in the first or second position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignees: IMEC, Universiteit Gent
    Inventors: Herbert De Smet, Roel Beernaert
  • Patent number: 8797632
    Abstract: This disclosure provides systems, methods, and devices for actuating, charging and calibrating the charge on a movable electrode in electromechanical systems (EMS) devices. The electromechanical systems device can include a first electrode, a second electrode spaced apart from the first electrode by a gap, a complementary electrode, at least one electrical contact, and a movable third electrode disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode. In one implementation, a method of calibrating charge on the movable electrode of the EMS device includes electrically connecting a complementary electrode to the first electrode to form a compound electrode and applying a calibration voltage across the compound electrode and the second electrode to produce a uniform electric field in the gap. Under the electric field the third electrode moves towards the first electrode until it connects with the at least one electrical contact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: QUALCOMM MEMS Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: John H. Hong, Chong U. Lee
  • Patent number: 8784675
    Abstract: The ferroelectric substrate 11 of ferroelectric crystals, while being supported by the support plate 14 which is thicker than the ferroelectric substrate 11, is integrated with the support plate 14 by letting the junction 13 mediate between one major surface S1A of the ferroelectric substrate 11 and one major surface S1B of the support plate 14, and therefore, it is possible through the flat surface polishing to perform thinning of the ferroelectric substrate 11, namely, the ferroelectric crystals, and as a result, it is possible to obtain the thin periodically poled structure. By the voltage application method, the domain inverted region is formed in the ferroelectric substrate 11 which is made thin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Dainippon Screen Mfg. Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Masahide Okazaki, Toshiaki Suhara
  • Patent number: 8705164
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a display apparatus including first and second substrates, at least one of which has a light transmitting characteristic, as well as first and second electrodes provided on the two mutually facing surfaces of the first and second substrates respectively; and an electrophoretic device provided between the first and second substrates, wherein the first substrate and the first electrode each have an external edge folded back so as to cover at least a portion of a terminal surface of the second substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Hironobu Abe, Nobuhide Yoneya
  • Patent number: 8693085
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing an electrowetting display device includes forming a protection layer on a pixel electrode, forming a water-repellent layer on the protection layer, and removing the water-repellent layer from regions surrounding a display area of the pixel electrode. The water-repellent layer is formed by coating the protection layer with a hydrophilic material using a method such as slit coating. The water-repellent layer is removed using a method such as an edge bead removal method. The resulting water-repellent layer has a uniform thickness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Liquavista B.V.
    Inventors: Dae Jin Park, Seong Gyu Kwon, Ji Seong Yang, Jun Heui Lee
  • Patent number: 8687266
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an electric-field drive display device. According to one embodiment of the present invention, the electric-field drive display device comprises: a first substrate; a first electrode which is formed on the first substrate; a second electrode which is formed on the first substrate and is disposed in parallel with the first electrode; a drive partition wall which is formed on the first electrode and the second electrode and has a plurality of opening and closing holes; and a plurality of drive bodies which are disposed inside each of the opening and closing holes. Consequently, the electric-field drive display device according to one embodiment of the present invention can adjust the amount of light transmitted and so display the desired image by adjusting the positions of the drive bodies in the horizontal direction through the use of electrical force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignees: Dongjin Semichem Co., Ltd., Korea University Reseaerch and Business Foundation of Korea University
    Inventors: Chun-Hyuk Lee, Byung-Uk Kim, Mun-Pyo Hong, Hong Choi, Byung-Seong Bae
  • Patent number: 8669926
    Abstract: This disclosure provides systems, methods and apparatus for writing a display image to a display having an array of pixels according to a selected driving sequence. In one aspect, display elements in a row are driven using a tall and narrow voltage pulse. This allows display elements of a row to be driven in a shorter line time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: QUALCOMM MEMS Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Marc M. Mignard, Clarence Chui, Alan G. Lewis
  • Publication number: 20140063588
    Abstract: Embodiments of an interferometric modulator are disclosed having various enhancements and features including a conductive bus. In certain embodiments, the interferometric modulator has a first conductive layer suspended over a second electrode layer. In certain embodiments, a second conductive layer is provided over the first conductive layer. One of the first and/or second conductive buses may further connect to the first electrode layer and/or the second electrode layer. Other disclosed features can be incorporated into embodiments of the interferometric modulator to improve response time, power consumption, and image resolution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 4, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Applicant: QUALCOMM MEMS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventor: QUALCOMM MEMS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
  • Patent number: 8659816
    Abstract: This disclosure provides mechanical layers and methods of forming the same. In one aspect, a method of forming a pixel includes depositing a black mask on a substrate, depositing an optical stack over the black mask, and forming a mechanical layer over the optical stack. The black mask is disposed along at least a portion of a side of the pixel, and the mechanical layer defines a cavity between the mechanical layer and the optical stack. The mechanical layer includes a reflective layer, a dielectric layer, and a cap layer, and the dielectric layer is disposed between the reflective layer and the cap layer. The method further includes forming a notch in the dielectric layer of the mechanical layer along the side of the pixel so as to reduce the overlap of the dielectric layer with the black mask along the side of the pixel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: Qualcomm Mems Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Yi Tao, Hojin Lee, Fan Zhong
  • Patent number: 8619350
    Abstract: Methods and devices for calibrating and controlling the actuation of an analog interferometric modulator configured to have a plurality of actuation states. Devices and methods for calibrating an analog interferometric modulator to respond in linear relation to an applied voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Qualcomm MEMS Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Chong U. Lee, John H. Hong, Marc M. Mignard, Alok Govil