Power Amplifier Patents (Class 375/297)
  • Patent number: 11683055
    Abstract: A first UE may transmit, to a second subset of one or more second UEs, one or more pilot signals associated with DPD training. The first UE may receive, from a third subset of the one or more second UEs, one or more feedback messages associated with DPD training. The one or more feedback messages may be based on the one or more pilot signals. Each second UE in the third subset of the one or more second UEs may correspond to one of the one or more feedback messages. The second UE may calculate one or more DPD parameters based on the one or more feedback messages. The second UE may transmit a first signal based on the calculated one or more DPD parameters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2021
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2023
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventors: Gideon Shlomo Kutz, Shay Landis, Idan Michael Horn, Yehonatan Dallal
  • Patent number: 11664836
    Abstract: A received signal is enhanced by removing distortion components of a concurrently transmitted signal. A received signal is acquired in a receive frequency band concurrently with transmission of a transmit signal in a transmit frequency band. The received signal includes an intermodulation distortion component of the transmit signal. A representation of the transmit signal is processed using a non-linear predictor to output a distortion signal representing predicted distortion components in the received signal. The received signal is enhanced using the distortion signal by removing the predicted distortion components from the received signal corresponding to the distortion signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2023
    Assignee: NanoSemi, Inc.
    Inventors: Yanyu Huang, Zohaib Mahmood, Yan Li, Alexandre Megretski, Helen H. Kim
  • Patent number: 11662800
    Abstract: The electronic device with power-off partition includes a signal transmitting module, two repeater modules, and a working module. Each of the repeater modules includes a first power domain, a second power domain, and a transceiver circuit. A transmission path between the first power domain and the second power domain is maintained at a logic state when the second power domain is in power off mode. The transceiver circuit of one of the two repeater modules encodes a standby signal obtained from the signal transmitting module and transmits an encoded standby signal. The transceiver circuit of the other of the repeater modules decodes the encoded standby signal and transmits a decoded standby signal. The working module transmits, according to the decoded standby signal, a power-off signal to the transceiver circuits of the two repeater modules, so that the second power domains enter the power-off mode in response to the power-off signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2021
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2023
    Inventors: Hsu-Jung Tung, Yu-Pin Lin, Lien-Hsiang Sung, Wei-Liang Cheng
  • Patent number: 11658618
    Abstract: Provided is a distortion compensation device performing distortion compensation on a signal to be amplified by an amplifier, of which an internal state affecting a distortion characteristic varies, using a distortion compensation model, wherein the distortion compensation model includes a plurality of calculation models having respective distortion compensation characteristic for the amplifier in different internal states, and a combiner combining the plurality of calculation models at a combination ratio corresponding to the internal state that varies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2021
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2023
    Inventors: Masahiko Onishi, Eiji Mochida
  • Patent number: 11601319
    Abstract: A digital modulator according to the present disclosure includes a polar converter that generates a phase signal and an amplitude signal from a baseband signal, an RF phase signal generator that generates an RF phase signal on the basis of the phase signal, a rectangulating unit that generates a rectangular RF phase signal by converting the RF phase signal into a rectangular shape, a time interleaver that time interleaves the amplitude signal and outputs first and second time interleaved signals, a ?? modulator that ?? modulates the first and second time interleaved signals on the basis of the rectangular RF phase signal and outputs first and second ?? modulated signals, and a selector that selects and outputs one of the first and second ?? modulated signals on the basis of the rectangular RF phase signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2022
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2023
    Inventor: Shinichi Hori
  • Patent number: 11595237
    Abstract: A user equipment for wireless communications includes a memory configured to store a peak reduction tone (PRT) table and a processor configured to retrieve a plurality of PRT sequences from the PRT table. The plurality of PRT sequences includes a first PRT sequence based upon a first data rate and a second PRT sequence based upon a second data rate. The second data rate is larger than the first data rate, and the second PRT sequence is a subset of the first PRT sequence. The user equipment also includes a power amplifier operable to transmit data with the first PRT sequence according to the first data rate or with the second PRT sequence according to the second data rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2022
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2023
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventors: Wei Yang, Saeid Sahraei, Gokul Sridharan, Yi Huang, Hung Dinh Ly, Krishna Kiran Mukkavilli
  • Patent number: 11581964
    Abstract: A method is provided. The method includes estimating adjacent channel leakage ratios respectively corresponding based on a test output signal output from a power amplifier according to a test input signal corresponding to a plurality of frequencies; selecting a test delay value corresponding to a largest value among the estimated adjacent channel leakage ratios; and providing a supply voltage to the power amplifier based on an envelope signal delayed according to the selected test delay value. For each of the plurality of test delay values, a corresponding adjacent channel leakage ratio is estimated based on a ratio of a magnitude of a component included in the test output signal and a magnitude of an inter-modulated component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2021
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2023
    Inventors: Hongmin Choi, Haedong Yeon, Junse Lee, Heesang Noh, Changhyun Baek
  • Patent number: 11570025
    Abstract: A digital filter circuit is described. The digital filter circuit includes at least one signal input and at least one finite impulse response (FIR) filter associated with the at least one signal input. The at least one signal input is configured to receive an input signal, wherein the input signal includes a product of at least two input signal samples. The at least one FIR filter is established as a short-length FIR filter. Further, a signal processing method is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2021
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2023
    Assignee: Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Bernhard Nitsch
  • Patent number: 11552835
    Abstract: A radio transmitter circuit (10) for transmitting signals within an uplink or sidelink frequency band of a cellular communications system is disclosed. It comprises a signal-generation circuit (20) configured to generate a transmission signal to be transmitted, and a radio front-end circuit (30), connected to the signal-generation circuit (20) at an input of the radio front-end circuit (30), for receiving the transmission signal, and configured to be connected to an antenna (40) at an output of the radio front-end circuit and to transmit the transmission signal to a remote node via said antenna (40). The signal-generation circuit (20) is configured to select a distortion function (D1, D2) based on a location of an allocated radio frequency resource, within said uplink or sidelink frequency band, for the transmission signal. Furthermore, the signal-generation circuit (20) is configured to generate an intermediate transmission signal, based on information to be transmitted in the transmission signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2023
    Assignee: Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson (publ)
    Inventors: Bengt Lindoff, Shehzad Ali Ashraf, Robert Baldemair, Lars Sundström
  • Patent number: 11533068
    Abstract: A radio frequency transmitter includes an upconverter that outputs in-phase (I) and quadrature (Q) signals, a digital timing offset circuit, first and second digital-to-analog converters (DACs), an analog timing offset removal circuit, first and second pulse shapers, and an adder. The digital timing offset circuit introduces a time offset between the I and Q signals. The first and second DACs output analog I and Q signals, respectively, and have first and second clock signals, respectively. The first and second clock signals have the same frequency and are offset relative to each other by the time offset. The analog timing offset removal circuit removes the time offset between the analog I and Q signals. The first and second pulse shapers receive the analog I and Q signals, respectively, and output pulse-shaped I and Q signals. The adder receives the pulse-shaped I and Q signals and outputs an intermediate frequency signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2021
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2022
    Inventors: Rahul Sharma, Karthikeyan Gunasekaran, Sarma Sundareswara Gunturi, Ram Narayan Krishna Nama Mony, Jaiganesh Balakrishnan, Sandeep Kesrimal Oswal, Visvesvaraya Pentakota
  • Patent number: 11502708
    Abstract: Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide techniques for training a digital pre-distorter (DPD) using real-time over-the-air transmissions and receptions by a user equipment (UE). A method for training the DPD generally includes transmitting a signal, generated by a transmitter front end, via a first port; sampling the signal, received over the air, at a second port; performing signal processing cleaning (e.g., synchronization, linear over-the-air channel estimation and equalization); calculating coefficients for a DPD; and configuring the DPD with the coefficients, for use in digitally pre-distorting sub sequent transmissions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2021
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2022
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventors: Igor Gutman, Yehezkel Hadid, Carl Hardin, Sang-June Park, Mendel Menachem Aizner, Gideon Shlomo Kutz
  • Patent number: 11502718
    Abstract: A digital isolator module with pulse carrier modulation is provided, comprising an isolation barrier, operable to develop an isolated output signal in response to an input signal, a transmitter circuit adapted to receive a data input signal and coupled to the isolation barrier, and a receiver circuit coupled to the isolation barrier to receive the isolated output signal and generate a data output signal. The transmitter circuit is adapted to be operable to generate a transmitter output signal in response to the data input signal, and the transmitter output signal comprises different number of pulse carrier respectively responsive to a rising edge and a falling edge of the data input signal. By employing the proposed pulse carrier modulation of the present invention, it has been verified to reduce channel numbers, IC power consumption and electromagnetic interferences. In addition, jitter disturbances can be avoided and solved effectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2021
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2022
    Assignee: Amazing Microelectronic Corp.
    Inventor: Guan-Shun Li
  • Patent number: 11502760
    Abstract: An electronic device includes a network monitor configured to acquire network environment information related to a radio frequency (RF) transmission signal; a transceiver configured to generate an envelope signal of the RF transmission signal; a transmission (Tx) module including a power amplifier for receiving the RF transmission signal from the transceiver and amplifying the RF transmission signal; and an envelope tracking (ET) modulator configured to receive the envelope signal from the transceiver and to provide a bias of a power amplifier to correspond to the envelope signal, wherein the ET modulator determines a magnitude of the bias of the power amplifier based on the network environment information acquired by the network monitor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2020
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2022
    Inventors: Namjun Cho, Jooseung Kim, Hyunseok Choi, Hyoseok Na
  • Patent number: 11483190
    Abstract: Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, a non-linear energy detector that obtains baseband information from a mixed signal that corresponds to an information component of a received radio frequency (RF) signal, wherein the mixed signal comprises a local oscillator signal combined, without multiplication, with the received RF signal, wherein the received RF signal comprises a carrier wave component operating at a carrier frequency within a millimeter wave spectrum, wherein the non-linear energy detector is associated with a non-linear current-voltage (I-V) characteristic curve, and wherein the baseband information is obtained by applying the mixed signal to the non-linear I-V characteristic curve. Other embodiments are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2021
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2022
    Assignees: AT&T Intellectual Property I, L.P., University of Notre Dame du Lac
    Inventors: Ralf Bendlin, Aditya Chopra, Bertrand Martyn Hochwald, Nicholas Joseph Estes, Jonathan David Chisum, Kang Gao
  • Patent number: 11482970
    Abstract: A power management circuit operable to adjust voltage within a defined interval(s) is provided. The power management circuit is configured to generate a time-variant voltage for amplifying an analog signal based on a target voltage. In embodiments disclosed herein, the power management circuit can be configured to generate a lower initial target voltage at a start of the defined interval(s), such as during a cyclic prefix (CP) of an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) symbol, and dynamically adjust the initial target voltage, if necessary, within the defined interval(s) based on a time-variant power envelope of the analog signal. By generating the lower target voltage, in contrast to a conventional method of generating a maximum target voltage, at the start of the defined interval(s), it is possible to reduce energy waste and help improve efficiency in a power amplifier configured to amplify the analog signal based on the time-variant voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2021
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2022
    Assignee: Qorvo US, Inc.
    Inventor: Nadim Khlat
  • Patent number: 11476809
    Abstract: A method comprises obtaining a transmission signal to be power-amplified in a power amplifier (361) prior to transmission; separating the transmission signal into two or more polyphase components of the transmission signal; feeding one or more polyphase components of the transmission signal comprised in the two or more polyphase components to each of two or more parallel predistortion circuits (320,321,322); selecting a dedicated predistortion model and dedicated predistortion coefficients for each of the two or more parallel predistortion circuits (320,321,322); performing non-linear memory-based modeling on the transmission signal according to the selected dedicated predistortion models and coefficients using the one or more polyphase components; and combining output signals of the two or more parallel predistortion circuits (320,321,322) to form a predistorted transmission signal (y[n]) to be applied to the power amplifier (361).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2022
    Inventors: Michael Weber, Bjoern Jelonnek, Jan Hellmann
  • Patent number: 11476808
    Abstract: Various examples are directed to systems and methods for operating a plurality of power amplifiers. A predistortion circuit may pre-distort an input signal according to a predistortion configuration to generate a pre-distorted signal for the plurality of power amplifiers. An adaption circuit may receive a first feedback signal from a first power amplifier of the plurality of power amplifiers and generate predistortion correlation data describing a correlation between parameters of a model describing the plurality of power amplifiers. The adaption circuit may receive a first feedback signal from a second power amplifier of the plurality of power amplifiers and update the predistortion correlation data to generate updated predistortion correlation data using the first feedback signal from the second power amplifier. The adaption circuit may also generate the predistortion configuration using the updated predistortion correlation data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2020
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2022
    Assignee: Analog Devices International Unlimited Company
    Inventors: Patrick Pratt, David Jennings
  • Patent number: 11463072
    Abstract: The present invention is a computationally-efficient compensator for removing nonlinear distortion. The compensator operates in a digital post-compensation configuration for linearization of devices or systems such as analog-to-digital converters and RF receiver electronics. The compensator also operates in a digital pre-compensation configuration for linearization of devices or systems such as digital-to-analog converters, RF power amplifiers, and RF transmitter electronics. The adaptive Volterra compensator effectively removes nonlinear distortion in these systems by implementing an adaptive background algorithm to periodically update actual filter coefficients to maintain optimal performance in operating conditions varying over time (e.g., temperature, frequency, signal level, and drift); or both. The xadaptive background algorithm calculates the optimal nonlinear filter coefficients to reduce nonlinear distortion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2022
    Assignee: Linearity, LLC
    Inventors: Scott R. Velazquez, Ramsin Khoshabeh
  • Patent number: 11451252
    Abstract: Systems and methods are disclosed herein that provide low-complexity Digital Predistortion (DPD) for a transceiver system that uses an Advanced Antenna System (AAS) to provide analog or hybrid beamforming.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2021
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2022
    Assignee: Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson (publ)
    Inventor: Raihan Rafique
  • Patent number: 11444819
    Abstract: A system and method for digital receiver linearization is provided. An input digital signal is accepted with a plurality of spectral components. The input digital signal may be either a radio frequency (RF) digital signal or a baseband digital signal. Nonlinear distortion is created in response to the input digital signal. As the result of a corrected input digital signal, a primary baseband signal is created with real (I) and imaginary quadrature (Q) components. In response to the nonlinear distortion, auxiliary baseband signals are created with real (IAUX) and imaginary quadrature (QAUX) components. The primary baseband signal is compared to the auxiliary baseband signals to supply complex amplitude correction coefficients. The complex amplitude correction coefficients are used to modify the nonlinear distortion, and the modified nonlinear distortion is subtracted from the input digital signal to supply the corrected input digital signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2022
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2022
    Assignee: IQ-Analog Corp.
    Inventor: Mikko Waltari
  • Patent number: 11438201
    Abstract: A millimeter wave (MMW) circuitry includes a phase modulation circuitry, a plurality of amplifier multiplier chain circuitries and a power combiner circuitry. The phase modulation circuitry is configured to receive input data and a plurality of divided input signals and to provide as output a plurality of phase modulation circuitry output signals. Each phase modulation circuitry output signal corresponds to a respective divided input signal. At least one phase modulation circuitry output signal has a nonzero phase relative to the divided input signals that is related to the input data. Each amplifier multiplier chain circuitry is configured to amplify and frequency multiply and phase multiply the respective phase modulation circuitry output signal to yield a respective power combiner input signal. The power combiner circuitry is configured to sum a plurality of power combiner input signals to yield an output signal. A modulation of the output signal is related to the input data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2022
    Assignee: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
    Inventors: Kefei Wu, Mona Mostafa Hella
  • Patent number: 11431300
    Abstract: Example embodiments relate to machine learning based digital pre-distortion for power amplifiers. A device may amplify a signal with a power amplifier and transmit the signal. The signal may be received by an internal feedback receiver of the device. The device may further comprise a first machine learning model configured to emulate an external feedback receiver and to generate an emulated feedback signal based on the internal feedback signal. The device may further comprise a second machine learning model configured to determine digital pre-distortion parameters for the power amplifier based on the emulated feedback signal. Apparatuses, methods, and computer programs are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2021
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2022
    Assignee: Nokia Technologies Oy
    Inventors: Oana-Elena Barbu, Benny Vejlgaard, Johannes Harrebek
  • Patent number: 11424774
    Abstract: A wireless communication apparatus includes: a processor that performs distortion compensation on a complex number transmission signal by using a distortion compensation coefficient; a power amplifier that amplifies the transmission signal subjected to distortion compensation by the processor; and a feedback path that feeds back a signal output from the power amplifier to supply a real number feedback signal to the processor. The processor executes a process including: estimating a complex number feedback signal by performing linear computation on the complex number transmission signal and the real number feedback signal; and updating the distortion compensation coefficient by using the estimated complex number feedback signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2021
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2022
    Inventors: Tomoya Ota, Hiroyoshi Ishikawa, Alexander Nikolaevich Lozhkin, Toru Maniwa
  • Patent number: 11405064
    Abstract: Methods and devices for processing of RF signals according to different gain modes are presented. According to one aspect, an active amplification mode is provided by switchable active paths coupled to respective input RF signals and a passive attenuation mode is provided by switchable passive paths coupled to the respective RF signals. According to another aspect, a common switchable feedback path coupled to the switchable active paths is used to provide an active attenuation mode. Coupling of the common switchable feedback path to the switchable active path is provided by switches of the switchable passive paths, including for coupling both ends of the common switchable feedback path or just one end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2021
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2022
    Inventors: David Kovac, Joseph Golat
  • Patent number: 11387785
    Abstract: A radio frequency transmitter includes N transmit channels, where each transmit channel includes one nonlinear module, a primary correction circuit, coupled to each of N nonlinear modules that correspond to the N transmit channels, and configured to provide a primary correction signal for the N nonlinear modules, and N secondary correction circuits, where the N secondary correction circuits are coupled to the N nonlinear modules respectively, and each secondary correction circuit is configured to provide a secondary correction signal for a nonlinear module coupled to the secondary correction circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2022
    Inventors: Yushan Zheng, Fuquan Zhang, Jinming Wang
  • Patent number: 11381328
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and devices detect variations in load impedances of wireless communications devices. Methods include determining a first distortion measurement of a transceiver based on a first comparison of a digital loopback path and a radio frequency (RF) loopback path, and determining a second distortion measurement of the transceiver based on a second comparison of the digital loopback path and the RF loopback path. Methods also include implementing, using a processor, a third comparison of the first distortion measurement and the second distortion measurement, and determining if there is a change in a load of the transceiver based on the third comparison.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2022
    Assignee: Cypress Semiconductor Corporation
    Inventors: Vipul Kumar, Raghuram Kuchibhotla
  • Patent number: 11374609
    Abstract: A transceiver in a wireless communication system is provided. The transceiver includes a first circuit configured to convert a digital signal having a third bandwidth, a second circuit configured to separate the analog signal into a first analog signal corresponding to the first band and a second analog signal corresponding to the second band, up-convert the first analog signal and the second analog signal to generate a first radio frequency (RF) signal in the first band and a second RF signal in the second band, and output an RF signal having the third bandwidth, and a third circuit configured to separate the RF signal into the first RF signal and the second RF signal, adjust a phase of the first RF signal for beamforming in the first band, and adjust a phase of the second RF signal for beamforming in the second band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2022
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jeongho Lee, Byungjoon Park, Daehyun Kang, Donghyun Lee, Jooseok Lee
  • Patent number: 11349513
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to an envelope tracking system that is configured to improve the performance of radio frequency power amplifier circuitry by compensating for errors that become more significant as modulation bandwidth increases. These errors include power amplifier collector-base capacitance, time delay between power amplifier stages, and interconnect distance between the baseband modulation source and the power amplifier collector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2022
    Assignee: QORVO US, INC.
    Inventors: Terry J. Stockert, Nadim Khlat
  • Patent number: 11323188
    Abstract: Disclosed are implementations, including a method for monitoring a performance of a transmitter in a radio with an adjustable digital predistortion system. The method includes determining a plurality of system characteristics, including determining one or more of, for example, data characterizing an input/output characteristic of a digital predistorter of the system, data characterizing a performance of a crest factor reduction process of the system, data characterizing a quality of a plurality of parameters associated with the digital predistorter, data characterizing an average time delay associated with the system, data characterizing an average gain associated with the system, and/or data characterizing a phase associated with the system. The method further includes comparing one or more of the plurality of system characteristics to respective one or more reference values, and controlling the adjustable digital predistortion system based on a result of the comparing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2022
    Assignee: NanoSemi, Inc.
    Inventors: Yan Li, Helen H. Kim, George Stone, IV, Shijun Li
  • Patent number: 11304148
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods and systems for tailoring the transmit power of a wireless device to the parameters of the device such as the process split, voltage, and temperature. The device may identify one or more parameters of the device such as identifying the process split, or sensing the operating voltage or temperature. The device may determine an updated transmit power based on the known parameter values identified and any unknown parameter values. The updated transmit power is determined to be a maximum transmit power that meets one or more target transmit metrics, such as EVM and spectral mask, when the device transmits based on the known parameter values and across a range of variations of the unknown parameter values. The device may adjust its transmit power based on the updated transmit power periodically.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2022
    Assignee: Cypress Semiconductor Corporation
    Inventors: Ayush Sood, Kamesh Medapalli, Rajendra Kumar Gundu Rao, Patrick Cruise, Roshni Sulekhakumari, Manoj George
  • Patent number: 11293957
    Abstract: Power loss is calculated in an inductive power transfer system comprising a power transmitter for transmitting power inductively to a power receiver via transmitter coil and receiver coil. The power transmitter obtains time information for time alignment to enable the power transmitter to align the time of calculating the power loss with the power receiver. Power loss is calculated during power transfer according to the obtained time information and received power parameter communicated from the power receiver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2022
    Assignee: Koninklijke Philips N.V.
    Inventor: Andries Van Wageningen
  • Patent number: 11251819
    Abstract: A transmitter for a communication system comprises a digital pre-distortion (DPD) circuit configured to generate a digital intermediate signal by compensating an input signal for distortions resulting from an amplifier, and an adaptation circuitry configured to update the first parameter based on the adjustment signal, the input signal, and an output signal output by the amplifier and based on the digital intermediate signal. The DPD circuit includes an infinite impulse response filter configured to implement a transfer function based on a first parameter, and thermal tracking circuitry configured to generate an adjustment signal corresponding to a thermal change of the amplifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2020
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2022
    Assignee: XILINX, INC.
    Inventors: Hongzhi Zhao, Xiaohan Chen, Hemang Parekh, Vincent C. Barnes
  • Patent number: 11201723
    Abstract: Described herein are apparatus and methods for highly linear phase rotators with continuous rotation. A method includes generating a first code and a second code based on a desired offset to match a first and second frequency, respectively, calibrating the first code and the second code based on first phase rotator characteristics and second phase rotator characteristics, respectively, generating first N phase offset codes and second N phase offset codes from a calibrated first and second code, respectively, wherein each phase offset code constrains functionality of the first phase rotator and the second phase rotator, respectively, associated with a phase of the input clock to a defined region of operation, rotating a clock using the first N phase offset codes and the second N phase offset codes to match the first and second frequency, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2020
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2021
    Assignee: Ciena Corporation
    Inventors: Jerry Yee-Tung Lam, Sadok Aouini, Naim Ben-Hamida
  • Patent number: 11169514
    Abstract: Methods and systems for anomaly detection and correction include generating original signature matrices that represent a state of a system of multiple time series. The original signature matrices are encoded using convolutional neural networks. Temporal patterns in the encoded signature matrices are modeled using convolutional long-short term memory neural networks for each respective convolutional neural network. The modeled signature matrices using deconvolutional neural networks. An occurrence of an anomaly is determined using a loss function based on a difference between the decoded signature matrices and the original signature matrices. A corrective action is performed responsive to the determination of the occurrence of the anomaly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2021
    Inventors: Dongjin Song, Yuncong Chen, Cristian Lumezanu, Haifeng Chen, Chuxu Zhang
  • Patent number: 11171655
    Abstract: An EC platform including a controller to control multiple integrated circuits (ICs) to synchronize an operational internal clock signal of an IC with a master clock signal. The controller generates commands for the IC to measure a phase difference or latency difference between an initial internal clock signal of the IC and an input clock signal to the IC from a parent IC. The controller further receives a difference signal from the IC to indicate the phase or latency difference. The IC includes a measurement circuit to measure the phase or latency difference, and to generate a difference signal to indicate the phase or latency difference. The IC further includes a synchronization clock generator to generate, based on the initial internal clock signal and the difference signal, an operational internal clock signal synchronized with the master clock signal. Other embodiments may also be described and claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2021
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Oren Shalita, Roy Sofer, Alon Cohen, Sharon Heruti, Natarajan Karthik, Kailash Chandrashekar
  • Patent number: 11159186
    Abstract: A transmitter circuit is disclosed. The transmitter circuit includes a frequency circuit configured to generate a frequency signal, a power amplifier configured to drive an antenna with a drive signal according to the frequency signal, and a programmable delay circuit configured to controllably extend a propagation delay between the frequency signal generated by the frequency circuit and the drive signal of the power amplifier. The programmable delay circuit is programmed with a programming value which causes the transmitter circuit to pass a calibration test.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2020
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2021
    Inventors: Ahmed Emira, Faisai Hussien, Esmail Babakrpur Nalousi
  • Patent number: 11082007
    Abstract: An envelope tracking (ET) integrated circuit (IC) (ETIC) is provided. The ETIC includes a number of ET circuits coupled to a number of amplifier circuits configured to amplify a radio frequency signal based on a number of ET voltages, respectively. The ET circuits are configured to generate the ET voltages based on a number of ET target voltages, respectively. The ETIC includes a reference ET circuit configured to generate a reference ET voltage based on a maximum ET target voltage among the ET target voltages. A selected ET circuit(s) among the ET circuits may be configured to not generate a respective ET voltage(s) but instead forward the reference ET voltage to a respective amplifier circuit(s) as the respective ET voltage(s). Hence, it may be possible to partially or completely turn off the selected ET circuit(s) to help reduce peak battery current and improve heat dissipation in an ET amplifier apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2021
    Assignee: Qorvo US, Inc.
    Inventor: Nadim Khlat
  • Patent number: 11063620
    Abstract: A transmitter includes a pre-emphasis digital filter configured to filter a series of respective digital input data samples according to a plurality of coefficients to generate a series of respective corresponding pre-emphasized data samples. The transmitter also includes a digital-to-analog converter (DAC) configured to sample the series of pre-emphasized data samples to generate an analog signal and an analog filter configured to filter the analog signal to generate a filtered signal. Estimator circuitry is configured to input a pre-emphasized data sample; input a corresponding sample of the filtered signal; and calculate the plurality of coefficients based on the sample of the filtered signal and the pre-emphasized data sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Avi Sulimarski, Oren E. Avraham
  • Patent number: 11038731
    Abstract: Disclosed are crest factor reduction (CFR) implementations that include a method comprising getting communication system data representative of characteristics of a communication system comprising one or more radio transmission bands, and optimizing, based at least in part on the input communication system data, a plurality of updateable parameters that determine respective pulse shapes for one or more pulses as well as other certain algorithm execution parameters for use in the CFR system. Optimizing the plurality of updateable parameters includes iteratively updating the plurality of updateable parameters based on iterative evaluation of a plurality of performance parameters. The method further includes providing the optimized plurality of updateable parameters to configure the crest reduction system for use in processing signals for radio transmission using a pulse subtraction approach applied to one or more signals communicated through the communication system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2021
    Assignee: NanoSemi, Inc.
    Inventors: Dmitri Fomin, Alexandre Megretski, Kevin Chuang, Zohaib Mahmood, Yan Li, Helen H. Kim, George Stone
  • Patent number: 11032037
    Abstract: Implementations described herein are directed to satellite transmitters and receivers for applying OFDM-like signaling in broadband satellite transmissions. In such systems, one or more data signals may be shaped and composited into a composite data signal at an OFDM-like transmitter for transmission over a satellite channel. The data signals that are carried over the satellite channel by the composited signal may have their own carrier, and each signal may carry multiple OFDM subcarriers. Further implementations are directed to correcting for distortion in satellite communications systems that utilize OFDM-like signaling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2021
    Inventors: Bassel F. Beidas, Rohit Iyer Seshadri
  • Patent number: 11009597
    Abstract: A radar system includes a transmitter to transmit a sequence of pulses, a receiver to receive reflections of the transmitted pulses, and velocity detection circuitry to determine a velocity of an object in a path of the transmitted pulses based at least in part on the transmitted pulses and the reflected pulses. The transmitter includes a plurality of digital-to-analog converters (DACs) to generate the sequence of pulses in response to a clock signal. The receiver includes a plurality of analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) to sample the reflected pulses in response to the clock signal. Accordingly, the ADCs are locked in phase with the DACs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2021
    Assignee: Xilinx, Inc.
    Inventors: Brendan Farley, Christophe Erdmann, Bob W. Verbruggen
  • Patent number: 10972051
    Abstract: A power amplifier circuit includes a first amplifier that amplifies an input signal and outputs an output signal; a second amplifier that, in accordance with a control signal, amplifies a signal corresponding to the input signal, generates a signal having an opposite phase to that of the output signal, and adds the signal to the output signal; and a control circuit that supplies the control signal to the second amplifier. The control circuit outputs the control signal so that during operation of the power amplifier circuit in a first power mode, a gain of the second amplifier is not less than zero and less than a predetermined level and during operation in a second power mode lower than the first power mode in output power level, a gain of the second amplifier is not less than the predetermined level and less than a gain of the first amplifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2021
    Inventors: Satoshi Tanaka, Satoshi Arayashiki, Kazuo Watanabe
  • Patent number: 10958218
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods for bias switching of power amplifiers are provided herein. In certain configurations, a power amplifier system includes a power amplifier that provides amplification to a radio frequency (RF) signal, a power management circuit that controls a voltage level of a supply voltage of the power amplifier, and a bias control circuit that biases the power amplifier. The power management circuit is operable in multiple supply control modes, such as an average power tracking (APT) mode and an envelope tracking (ET) mode. The bias control circuit is configured to switch a bias of the power amplifier based on the supply control mode of the power management circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: Skyworks Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: Netsanet Gebeyehu, Srivatsan Jayaraman, Edward James Anthony
  • Patent number: 10951247
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and devices for channelizing a wideband waveform for transmission on a spectral band comprising unavailable channel segments are described. Generally, the described techniques provide for transmitting and receiving wideband waveforms when channels of a system bandwidth are unavailable for transmission. A transmitter may separate a first wideband signal into segments, with each segment a bandwidth corresponding to a channel of the system bandwidth, and may map the segments to the available channels. The transmitter may combine the mapped segments into a second wideband waveform and transmit the second wideband waveform using the available channels. A receiver may receive a first wideband signal waveform and may separate the first wideband signal waveform into segments, de-map the segments and combine the de-mapped segments into a second wideband waveform for demodulation. The techniques may be used to transmit and receive wideband waveforms over tactical data links.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2021
    Assignee: VIASAT, INC.
    Inventors: Michael T. Kretsch, David C. Jacobs, David J. Trusheim, Robert T. Short
  • Patent number: 10944361
    Abstract: A system includes a Zero IF transmitter having a mixer and a programmable gain stage. The Zero IF transmitter also includes an intermediate stage between the mixer and the programmable gain stage, wherein the intermediate stage is configured to decouple the mixer and the programmable gain stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Inventors: Rahul Sharma, Jagannathan Venkataraman, Eeshan Miglani, Sandeep Kesrimal Oswal
  • Patent number: 10938424
    Abstract: A communication system receives an input signal along a signal processing path and generates a converted output signal via a digital-to-analog converter (DAC). The signal processing path branches into two different branches, a magnitude branch and a sign branch for different components of the baseband signal. A local oscillator (LO) provides a carrier signal to the signal processing path at the DAC and further generates an LO leakage signal comprising a signed LO leakage and an unsigned LO leakage during the up-conversion of signals of the sign branch with a carrier. An unsigned LO suppression component is configured to reduce or eliminate the unsigned LO leakage and a signed LO suppression component is configured to reduce or eliminate the signed LO leakage form a baseband signal of the signal processing path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2021
    Assignee: Intel IP Corporation
    Inventors: Christian Mayer, Jovan Markovic
  • Patent number: 10897276
    Abstract: Disclosed are implementations for digital predistortion of signals provided to a radio frequency (RF) transmission path configured to transmit radio signals in a plurality of subbands within a spectral range, including a method that includes configuring a digital predistorter for predistorting signals comprising arbitrary spectral content within the spectral range. The configuring includes acquiring data samples representing operation of the RF transmission path to transmit radio signals in different subbands, each sample including a digital input signal representing spectral content concentrated in a respective subband, and updating parameters of the digital predistorter according to the acquired data samples to mitigate non-linear characteristics of the RF transmission path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2020
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2021
    Assignee: NanoSemi, Inc.
    Inventors: Alexandre Megretski, Kevin Chuang, Yan Li, Zohaib Mahmood, Helen H. Kim
  • Patent number: 10841018
    Abstract: An apparatus comprising means for: applying beam shape coefficients for obtaining a beam shape output for a linear part of the beam formed by an array of transmitters, each transmitter being associated with a respective transmit path comprising a respective power amplifier; varying the output characteristics of at least one transmit path to increase nonlinear characteristics between the transmit paths to provide a beam shape for a non-linear part of the beam; linearizing the output of the array by: determining linearization coefficients for the array for digitally predistorting the input signal to the array; and applying the linearization coefficients to the signal input to the array; and calibrating the transmitter array by: measuring error distributions over at least two transmit paths; modifying the beam shape coefficients to better obtain the beam shapes subsequent to the linearization; and applying the modified beam shape coefficients to the array of transmitters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Inventors: Nuutti Tervo, Marko Leinonen, Aarno Tapio Pärssinen
  • Patent number: 10826594
    Abstract: A multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) capable system is contemplated. The communication system may include a signal processor configured to separate an input stream into multiple signal paths to facilitate simultaneous transport through a communication medium. The capability to simultaneously transmit multiples signal paths may be beneficial in order to maximize throughput and/or minimize expense.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2020
    Assignee: Cable Television Laboratories, Inc.
    Inventors: Luis Alberto Campos, Jennifer Andreoli-Fang, Joey Padden, Ian MacMillan
  • Patent number: 10797736
    Abstract: A radio-frequency power amplification circuit includes: a power amplification sub-circuit and an output matching sub-circuit, wherein the power amplification sub-circuit is used for selecting, according to a received control signal corresponding to a radio-frequency mode, a power amplification parameter corresponding to the radio-frequency mode to amplify a received radio-frequency signal, and outputting the amplified radio-frequency signal; the output matching sub-circuit is connected to the power amplification sub-circuit and is used for receiving the amplified radio-frequency signal, and transmitting, according to the control signal, the amplified radio-frequency signal by using an impedance corresponding to the radio-frequency mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2020
    Inventors: Baiming Xu, Qiang Su, Yang Li, Jiangtao Yi