Synchronization Word Patents (Class 375/365)
  • Patent number: 10396921
    Abstract: Disclosed are a multi-lane synchronization method and apparatus. The method includes: forming N data frames, frame headers of the N data frames including an identical frame header sequence, N being greater than or equal to 1 and less than or equal to the number of lanes M, and M being an integer not less than 2; and sending the N data frames via N lanes, wherein different data frames are sent via different lanes, and the frame header sequence is configured to perform frame synchronization between a receiving end and a sending end or to check frame synchronization. Also disclosed are a synchronization system and a computer storage medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: Sanechips Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kaijiang He, Junfeng Peng
  • Patent number: 10355833
    Abstract: A method of operating a semiconductor memory device can include receiving data, from a memory controller, at an Error Correction Code (ECC) engine included in the semiconductor memory device, the data including at least one predetermined error. Predetermined parity can be received at the ECC engine, where the predetermined parity is configured to correspond to the data without the at least one predetermined error. A determination can be made whether a number of errors in the data is correctable by the ECC engine using the data including the at least one predetermined error and the predetermined parity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hoi-Ju Chung, Sang-Uhn Cha, Hyun-Joong Kim
  • Patent number: 10342049
    Abstract: A sequence allocating method and apparatus wherein in a system where a plurality of different Zadoff-Chu sequences or GCL sequences are allocated to a single cell, the arithmetic amount and circuit scale of a correlating circuit at a receiving end can be reduced. In ST201, a counter (a) and a number (p) of current sequence allocations are initialized, and in ST202, it is determined whether the number (p) of current sequence allocations is coincident with a number (K) of allocations to one cell. In ST203, it is determined whether the number (K) of allocations to the one cell is odd or even. If K is even, in ST204-ST206, sequence numbers (r=a and r=N-a), which are not currently allocated, are combined and then allocated. If K is odd, in ST207-ST212, for sequences that cannot be paired, one of sequence numbers (r=a and r=N-a), which are not currently allocated, is allocated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Daichi Imamura, Takashi Iwai, Kazunori Inogai, Sadaki Futagi, Atsushi Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 10285195
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to random access in wireless communication systems, and in particular to a wireless device, a preamble receiver, and methods for processing random access preamble signals. A disclosed method in a wireless device comprises generating (S11) one or more identical short sequences having a same time duration as an OFDM symbol used for carrying data traffic in a radio access network of the wireless device. The method also comprises generating (S12) at least one offset indicator sequence different from each of the short sequences, and constructing (S13) the preamble sequence by concatenating the at least one offset indicator sequence and the one or more identical short sequences in time, such that each of the at least one offset indicator sequence has a respective pre-determined location in the preamble sequence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ERICSSON (PUBL)
    Inventors: Henrik Sahlin, Stefan Parkvall, Peter Nauclér
  • Patent number: 10135654
    Abstract: A method for transmitting a synchronization signal by a transmitting side device to a receiving side device in a wireless access system. The method includes generating a concatenated code sequence in a frequency domain by concatenating a first code sequence having a first index (M1) and a second code sequence having a second index (M2). Each of the first code sequence and the second code sequence is obtained by cyclic shifting a code sequence. The concatenated code sequence is mapped to subcarriers for transmitting the synchronization signal via a secondary synchronization channel (S-SCH). The method further includes transforming the concatenated code sequence into a time domain signal; and transmitting the time domain signal to the receiving side device as the synchronization signal. The concatenated code sequence indicates a cell group identity (ID).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2018
    Assignee: LG ELECTRONICS INC.
    Inventors: Seung Hee Han, Min Seok Noh, Yeong Hyeon Kwon
  • Patent number: 10089174
    Abstract: A method for accessing a flash memory module includes: sequentially writing Nth-(N+K)th data to a plurality of flash memory chips of the flash memory module, and encoding the Nth-(N+K)th data to generate Nth-(N+K)th ECCs, respectively, where the Nth-(N+K)th ECCs are used to correct errors of the Nth-(N+K)th data, respectively, and N and K are positive integers; and writing the (N+K+1)th data to the plurality of flash memory chips of the flash memory module, and encoding the (N+K+1)th data with at least one of the Nth-(N+K)th ECCs to generate the (N+K+1)th ECC.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: Silicon Motion Inc.
    Inventor: Tsung-Chieh Yang
  • Patent number: 10044475
    Abstract: A method of operating a semiconductor memory device can include receiving data, from a memory controller, at an Error Correction Code (ECC) engine included in the semiconductor memory device, the data including at least one predetermined error. Predetermined parity can be received at the ECC engine, where the predetermined parity is configured to correspond to the data without the at least one predetermined error. A determination can be made whether a number of errors in the data is correctable by the ECC engine using the data including the at least one predetermined error and the predetermined parity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hoi-Ju Chung, Sang-Uhn Cha, Hyun-Joong Kim
  • Patent number: 9998276
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of controlling a USB Power Delivery System including determining whether at least a predetermined length of initial bits of a message is received, turning on a clock when the predetermined length is received, determining whether the message has stopped, starting a counter when the message has stopped, determining whether a count value of the counter has reached a predetermined value, and turning off the clock when the predetermined count value has been reached.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2018
    Assignee: NXP B.V.
    Inventors: Abhijeet Chandrakant Kulkarni, Kenneth Jaramillo, Siamak Delshadpour
  • Patent number: 9977705
    Abstract: According to an embodiment, a wireless communication device, which complies with plural communication methods, includes a storing circuit and a received data selection determining circuit. The storing circuit sequentially stores a first received data until the first received data reaches a predetermined data size. When it is assumed that a radio signal complies to a second communication method, a first period is longer than a second period. The first period is a period from a first time when a reception of the radio signal is started to a second time when the first received data with the data size is stored. The second period is a period from the first time to a time when a second reception start signal is detected. The received data selection determining circuit determines a selection of the first received data, when the second reception start signal is not detected at the second time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventor: Shuzo Mori
  • Patent number: 9929754
    Abstract: An embedded system and, in particular, a communication protocol suitable for a data transmission using auxiliary physical channels of such an embedded system. A transmission method suitable for such a channel includes the transmission of a data signal based on the encoding of three symbols. The message consists of a preamble allowing recognition of the symbols used, followed by the significant part of the message. The decoding of the message comprises a first step of learning the symbols used, prior to the decoding of the significant part of the message.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignee: MORPHO
    Inventors: Mael Berthier, Yves Bocktaels, Julien Bringer, Francois Lecocq
  • Patent number: 9831988
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a method of exchanging data packages between first and second portable communication devices over a bi-directional wireless communication channel. The method includes generating, by the first portable communication device, a first data package belonging to a first packet category comprising audio data or to a second packet category without audio data and transmitting the first data package from the first portable communication device to the second portable communication device through the wireless communication channel. Where an acknowledgement indicator of the second data package is unset or the second data package is absent, the first portable communication device retransmits the first data package from the first to the second portable communication device for at the most N times if the first data package belongs to the first packet category; N being a positive integer between 1 and 4.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Assignee: GN Hearing A/S
    Inventors: Brian Dam Pedersen, Klaus Hagen Jensen
  • Patent number: 9808157
    Abstract: A wearable device and external reader is provided for herein. In some embodiments of the present disclosure, the wearable device or the reader is configured to receive a level of radiant energy, detect a change in the received level of radiant energy, determine that the detected change in the received level of radiant energy is indicative of a predetermined pattern of received radiant energy, and responsively operate (or cause to be operated via the external reader) one or more external devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2017
    Assignee: Verily Life Sciences LLC
    Inventors: Nathan Pletcher, Andrew Nelson, Francis Honore
  • Patent number: 9806859
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure provide a transmitter, a receiver and methods of operating a transmitter or a receiver. In one embodiment, the transmitter is for use with a base station and includes a primary module configured to provide a primary synchronization signal. The transmitter also includes a secondary mapping module configured to provide a secondary synchronization signal derived from two sequences taken from a same set of N sequences and indexed by an index pair (S1, S2) with S1 and S2 ranging from zero to N?1, wherein the index pair (S1, S2) is contained in a mapped set of index pairs corresponding to the same set of N sequences that defines a cell identity group. Additionally, the transmitter further includes a transmit module configured to transmit the primary and secondary synchronization signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Eko Nugroho Onggosanusi, Anand Ganesh Dabak
  • Patent number: 9725037
    Abstract: A method for providing information to a driver of a vehicle includes receiving, at a host vehicle via a wireless electronic communication link, messages that each include remote vehicle information for a respective one of the one or more remote vehicles; identifying host vehicle information for the host vehicle; determining that a potential message occlusion exists based at least in part on the remote vehicle information for the one or more remote vehicles and the host vehicle information; and in response to determining that a potential message occlusion exists, causing a message occlusion alert to be output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: Nissan North America, Inc.
    Inventors: Roy Goudy, Neal Probert, Jeremy Chambers, Andrew Christensen
  • Patent number: 9391741
    Abstract: A joint preamble and code rate identifier flag in a reserved portion of a data field synchronization segment in a digital television (DTV) data field identifies the presence of preamble training data in a forward error correction (FEC) encoded portion of the DTV data field. The identifier flag also indicates the code rate used for the data field. The data field synchronization segment is not FEC encoded, thereby allowing detection of the identifier flag without FEC decoding. The detection at a receiver of the identifier flag in a DTV data field allows receiver elements, such as an equalizer and a FEC decoder, to more readily obtain and utilize the preamble training data, thereby enhancing reception and/or simplifying receiver design.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2016
    Assignee: Thomson Licensing
    Inventors: Ivonete Markman, Richard W. Citta
  • Patent number: 9374156
    Abstract: A transmitting apparatus, a receiving apparatus, and a communication system are provided that allow a reduction in a frame loss due to interference caused by use of the same channel. A transmitting apparatus disposed in a base station includes a GPS receiver for receiving a GPS signal, a timing generator for controlling respective function blocks in accordance with the GPS signal and an inter-base-station control signal so as to precisely synchronize the timing of frame transmission among base stations, the front-end transmission processing unit including for converting transmission information into transmission time slots, a frame generator for generating a frame including a plurality of time slots and one frame guard, and a back-end transmission processing unit for transmitting the generated frame as a radio signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2016
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroaki Takahashi, Mitsuhiro Suzuki
  • Patent number: 9325547
    Abstract: A preamble identifier flag in a reserved portion of a data field synchronization segment in a digital television (DTV) data field identifies the presence of preamble training data in a forward error correction (FEC) encoded portion of the DTV data field. The data field synchronization segment is not FEC encoded, thereby allowing detection of the preamble identifier flag without FEC decoding. The detection at a receiver of the preamble identifier flag in a DTV data field allows receiver elements, such as an equalizer and a FEC decoder, to more readily obtain and utilize the preamble training data, thereby enhancing reception and/or simplifying receiver design.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Assignee: Thomson Licensing
    Inventors: Ivonete Markman, Wen Gao, Richard W. Citta
  • Patent number: 9313754
    Abstract: A system and method of extracting data from data packets transmitted over a wireless network includes receiving a data packet having a preamble portion and a payload portion. The preamble portion is cross correlated with a first known spreading sequence to generate a first timing signal and the preamble portion is cross correlated with a second known spreading signal to generate a frame timing signal. An impulse is detected in the first timing signal and a first timing parameter is set based upon the detected impulse in the first timing signal. An impulse is detected in the frame timing signal and a frame timing parameter is set based upon the detected impulse in the frame timing signal. Data is extracted from the received payload portion according to the first timing parameter and the frame timing parameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2016
    Assignee: MARVELL WORLD TRADE LTD.
    Inventors: Hongyuan Zhang, Rohit U. Nabar, Songping Wu
  • Patent number: 9250321
    Abstract: A radio frequency ranging system is grounded in establishing and maintaining phase and frequency coherency of signals received by a slave unit from a master unit and retransmitted to the master unit by the slave unit. For a preferred embodiment of the invention, coherency is established through the use of a delta-sigma phase-lock loop, and maintained through the use, on both master and slave units, of thermally-insulated reference oscillators, which are highly stable over the short periods of time during which communications occur. A phase relationship counter is employed to keep track of the fractional time frames of the phase-lock loop as a function of the reference oscillator, thereby providing absolute phase information for an incoming burst on any channel, thereby enabling the system to almost instantaneously establish or reestablish the phase relationship of the local oscillator so that it synchronized with the reference oscillator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Assignee: GREINA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventor: Daniel Joseph Lee
  • Patent number: 9253072
    Abstract: In the subject system for polarity detection, link initialization between a primary device and a secondary device may be performed in at least two stages, a half-duplex stage when only the primary device transmits initialization signals and any encoded handshaking signals may be set to false, and a full-duplex stage when both devices may transmit initialization signals. The secondary device may perform polarity detection during the half-duplex stage. If the secondary device determines that the polarities of the received signals are reversed, the secondary device may reverse the polarities of any signals subsequently received from, and transmitted to, the primary device. In this manner, the polarities can be corrected for both devices during the half-duplex stage by the secondary device. The secondary device may initiate the full-duplex link initialization stage, during which any handshaking signals may be exchanged, by transmitting signals to the primary device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Assignee: Broadcom Corporation
    Inventors: Xiaotong Lin, Mehmet Vakif Tazebay
  • Patent number: 9141459
    Abstract: A system may include one or more high-speed serial interfaces for moving data. A system may include a transmission unit configured to serially transmit data bits, and a receiving unit coupled to the transmission unit. The receiving unit may receive a stream of data bits from the transmission unit and establish an initial sample point. The receiving unit may then sample the bits at multiple offsets from the initial sample point, reestablishing the initial sample point between each offset. The receiving unit may also calculate bit error rates (BERs) for the samples taken at each sample point. Based on the BERs, the receiving unit may set a data sampling point for receiving a second stream of data bits from the transmitter unit. The receiving unit may limit the amount of time the data sampling point is used and recalculate the data sampling point when the amount of time has expired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2015
    Assignee: Oracle International Corporation
    Inventors: Jianghui Su, Pu Chuang, Yan Yan
  • Patent number: 9136830
    Abstract: A data signal receiver includes a clock signal filter, a falling pulse signal generator, a mixing block, and a sampler. The clock signal filter generates a first filtered clock signal and a second filtered clock signal by filtering a clock signal. The falling pulse signal generator generates a falling pulse signal based on the first filtered clock signal. The mixing block generates a mixed data signal by mixing a data signal and the falling pulse signal. The sampler generates a recovered data signal by sampling the mixed data signal in response to the second filtered clock signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Lee-Sup Kim, Sang-Hye Chung, Yong-Hun Kim
  • Patent number: 9042506
    Abstract: Systems and methods for discrete signal synchronization based on a known bit pattern are described. In one aspect of the present subject matter, a discrete signal synchronization system is configured to synchronize a preprocessed discrete signal with a modified discrete signal. The system comprises a processor and a synchronization module coupled to the processor. The synchronization module comprises an extraction module and comparison module. The extraction module determines a bit pattern from the modified discrete signal using Discrete Wavelet Transformation (DWT) and Singular Value Decomposition (SVD). The comparison module compares the determined bit pattern with a known bit pattern of the preprocessed discrete signal and records a time point at which the determined bit pattern matches with the known bit pattern of the preprocessed discrete signal as a synchronization point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Tata Consultancy Services Limited
    Inventors: Srinivasa Rao Chalamala, Krishna Rao Kakkirala
  • Patent number: 9037092
    Abstract: A method of determining at a receiver whether a received signal comprises a pure tone signal component. The method comprises: measuring a received signal over a measurement period; calculating, using maximum likelihood hypothesis testing, a likelihood ratio value for the measured signal and, determining, based on said likelihood ratio value, whether the measured signal comprises a pure tone signal component. The likelihood ratio value is a value indicative of the ratio of a likelihood LFSC that the measured signal comprises a pure tone signal component, and a likelihood LnoFSC that the measured signal does not comprise the pure tone signal component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: BROADCOM CORPORATION
    Inventors: Morten R. Hansen, Lars P. B. Christensen
  • Patent number: 9036686
    Abstract: A modem and a method of placing a modem in an online data state. In one embodiment, the modem includes: (1) a digital interface configured to receive, via an AT channel thereof, a standard AT command directing an AT channel of the modem to exit a command state and enter an online data state and (2) a command processor coupled to the digital interface and configured to: extract channel designation data received as a standard parameter of the standard AT command, cause a channel designated by the channel designation data and separate from the AT channel to enter the online data state, and allow the AT channel to remain in the command state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: NVIDIA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Bruno De Smet, Flavien Delorme, Fabien Besson
  • Patent number: 9014305
    Abstract: One aspect of the present invention includes a bi-phase communication receiver system. The system includes an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) configured to sample a bi-phase modulation signal to generate digital samples of the bi-phase modulation signal. The system also includes a bi-phase signal decoder configured to decode the bi-phase modulation signal based on the digital samples. The system further includes a preamble detector comprising a digital filter configured to evaluate the digital samples to generate an output and to detect a preamble of the bi-phase modulation signal for decoding the bi-phase modulation signal based on the output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventor: Eric Gregory Oettinger
  • Patent number: 9014285
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a receiving apparatus and a receiving method capable of preventing phase rotation of a signal after FFT from occurring on a frequency domain. Further, the receiving apparatus according to the present invention is provided with: a window control unit configured to control a position of an FFT window in which FFT is performed to the time domain signal, and output FFT data corresponding to the FFT window; a signal delaying unit configured to generate, from the time domain signal, a plurality of delay signals with different delay amounts; and a signal switching unit having a switch for outputting by switching between two of the time domain signal and the plurality of delay signals based on a predetermined switch timing, the signal switching unit being configured to output the FFT data including the output signal of the switch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Yukihiro Kadota, Takashi Fujiwara
  • Patent number: 9001903
    Abstract: A communication system includes a first communication device and a second communication device for performing power line communication using a power line as a transmission line with the first communication device, and in the communication system, the first communication device includes a detection mechanism for detecting a zero crossing timing of a commercial power supply and transmitting mechanism for transmitting a transmission signal modulated in OFDM mode at the zero crossing timing, the transmitting mechanism first transmits a header signal having a preamble as the transmission signal when the power line communication is started, and the transmitting mechanism transmits a data signal having no preamble as the transmission signal after the header signal is transmitted, and the second communication device includes a receiving mechanism for performing a demodulation process on the transmission signal which is received, to thereby obtain receiving data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: MegaChips Corporation
    Inventor: Eiji Baba
  • Patent number: 9001949
    Abstract: A method in a QAM receiver (100) for performing timing recovery. The QAM receiver (100) is configured to receive a sequence of symbols. Each symbol is represented by a respective IQ pair comprising a respective inphase component I and a respective quadrature component Q. The QAM receiver (100) samples the respective I component and the respective Q component with a relative timing offset between the sampling of the respective I component and the respective Q component. The QAM receiver (100) establishes a first value associated to a quality of the I component samples, and a second value associated to a quality of the Q component samples, and compares the first value and second value to determine if the sampling timing should be advanced or delayed to improve the sample quality. The QAM receiver (100) adjusts subsequent sampling by advancing or delaying a sampling timing based on the comparison.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson (publ)
    Inventor: Christer Svensson
  • Patent number: 8989330
    Abstract: A technique includes receiving a datum indicative of a candidate delimiter in a receiver; and processing the datum in a machine to determine whether the datum indicates a synchronization delimiter. The processing includes comparing the candidate delimiter with a reference delimiter to identify at least one error in the candidate delimiter; and basing the determination of whether the datum indicates the synchronization delimiter at least on a bit position of of each error.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Silicon Laboratories Inc.
    Inventors: Sharon D. Mutchnik, Moshe Gat
  • Patent number: 8989327
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for transmitting or detecting primary synchronization signal. The receiver receives primary synchronization signal from a transmitter, and detects the sequence used in the received primary synchronization signal by using three root indexes. Here, the primary synchronization signal is generated by using a Zadoff-Chu sequence having one of the three root indexes. The three root indexes comprise a first index and a second index, and a sum of the first index and the second index corresponds to the length of the Zadoff-Chu sequence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: LG Electronics Inc.
    Inventors: Seung Hee Han, Min Seok Noh, Yeong Hyeon Kwon, Hyun Woo Lee, Dong Cheol Kim, Jin Sam Kwak
  • Patent number: 8989321
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and other embodiments associated with preamble detection based on repeated preamble codes are described. According to one embodiment, an apparatus is provided that wirelessly receives a signal and calculates a differential output corresponding to a multiplication of the signal and a delayed version of the signal. A cross correlation is performed between the differential output and a known preamble pattern to produce a cross correlation output. One or more peaks are detected in the cross correlation. The detected peaks are used in subsequent processing to detect the known preamble pattern in the wirelessly received signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Marvell International Ltd
    Inventors: Quan Zhou, Songping Wu, Daxiao Yu
  • Patent number: 8982998
    Abstract: A transmission apparatus includes a plurality of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) modulation signal generators, which generate a first OFDM modulation signal and a second OFDM modulation signal. The transmission apparatus also includes a transmitter that transmits the first OFDM modulation signal from a first antenna and the second OFDM modulation signal from a second antenna, in an identical frequency band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Panasonic Intellectual Property Corporation of America
    Inventors: Yutaka Murakami, Masayuki Orihashi, Akihiko Matsuoka
  • Patent number: 8982974
    Abstract: Receiver synchronization techniques (RST), contributing more accurate synchronization of receiver clock to OFDM composite frame combined with much faster acquisition time and better stability of the receiver clock, and phase and frequency recovery techniques, comprising a software controlled clock synthesizer (SCCS) for high accuracy phase & frequency synthesis producing synchronized low jitter clock from external time referencing signals or time referencing messages wherein SCCS includes a hybrid PLL (HPLL) enabling 1-50,000 frequency multiplication with very low output jitter independent of reference clock quality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Inventor: John W Bogdan
  • Patent number: 8948320
    Abstract: A system and method for performing frame and symbol timing synchronization on samples of a received signal that includes a series of frames. Each frame includes a known preamble and payload data. A start-of-frame time is estimated by scanning the received signal samples for the self similarity of two successive preambles. A carrier frequency offset (CFO) is estimated by maximizing a correlation between a magnitude spectrum of the received signal and a magnitude spectrum of a known preamble model. A fine estimate for the CFO is determined by computing a phase difference between samples separated by p repetitions of the base pattern for various values of index p, and computing a slope of a least squares affine fit to the phase differences. Additional operations are performed to find an optimal symbol starting point, to perform carrier phase synchronization and to detect the start of payload data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: National Instruments Corporation
    Inventors: Baijayanta Ray, Nikhil A. Deshmukh
  • Patent number: 8948272
    Abstract: Methods and systems for augmenting a source message by suitably-chosen bits and/or sequences of bits for the purpose of enhancing decoding or synchronization performance. Properties of the source message can be used to select and optimize synchronization sequences, including their length and placement within the source message. Various message attributes, such as message or segment weight, symbol counts, and others, including their combinations, may be encoded into the synchronization sequence to further improve decoding performance in the presence of errors. These methods and systems can be employed for standalone source decoding of noisy bit streams, as well as iterative joint source-channel decoding. They may further be combined with other methods whether or not known in the art, such as CRC and forward error correction, to achieve the desired performance complexity trade-off.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Digital PowerRadio, LLC
    Inventors: Branimir R Vojcic, Ivan V Bajic, Javad Haghighat
  • Patent number: 8938031
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are methods and techniques for reducing phase slips in optical communications systems and in particular methods and techniques that operate in receivers for a coherent communication system transmitting modulated data symbols exhibiting N-ary symmetrical constellation and predetermined reference symbols.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Acacia Communications Inc.
    Inventor: Pierre Humblet
  • Patent number: 8934592
    Abstract: A method is provided for synchronizing binary data transmitted in parallel via N channels. The method comprises performing at the receiver side, a data-clock-alignment for the data in the N channels by selecting an optimal reference channel to which no delay will be added, and adding an appropriate delay to each of the remaining channels, until their respective centers of valid data portions are aligned to each other, and associating clock edges with the centers of the valid data portions. The method is characterized in that the alignment is performed regardless to whether binary word alignment is simultaneously achieved or not, and wherein the optimal reference channel allows aligning the centers of valid data of all the channels while adding a minimal delay to a worst channel from among the remaining channels, wherein the worst channel carries valid data portions which are maximally shifted from those of the reference channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: ECI Telecom Ltd.
    Inventor: Ronen Shemesh
  • Patent number: 8928170
    Abstract: A receiver and method for a transponder of a two-way automatic communications system (TWACS) used by an electrical utility in which analog outbound messages are sent from the utility to a consumer and inbound, reply messages are sent from the consumer to the utility. The receiver and method enable a transponder to detect the outbound messages and include A/D conversion and digital processing for demodulating a digitized signal and providing the outbound message.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Aclara Technologies LLC
    Inventor: David W. Rieken
  • Patent number: 8923367
    Abstract: A communication apparatus including: a transmitter that transmits a first message to another communication apparatus, a receiver that receives a second message from the other communication apparatus, and a processor that performs time synchronization using the first message and the second message, wherein the processor generates information regarding a delay in the communication processing of the first message in the transmitter and the second message in the receiver in a communication layer in communication with the other communication apparatus, and the processor performs the time synchronization with the other communication apparatus based on the information regarding the delay in a time synchronization layer above the communication layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Fujitsu Limited
    Inventor: Masato Okuda
  • Patent number: 8897409
    Abstract: Symbol timing acquisition is described for a wireless broadband signal received at a user terminal from a gateway via a satellite. In-phase and quadrature channels of the wireless signal may each be sampled at a rate of one sample per symbol. The samples may be interpolated to generate an early interpolation and a late interpolation for each of the samples. A difference measurement is obtained between the early interpolation and the late interpolation for a set of the samples. A number of the difference measurements may be averaged, and symbol timing may be modified based on the average. This process may be continued on an iterative basis to acquire symbol timing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: ViaSat, Inc.
    Inventors: Donald W. Becker, Matthew D. Nimon, William H. Thesling
  • Patent number: 8873691
    Abstract: Disclosed are various embodiments for circuitry that generates a sync code for wireless transmission. The system generates a sync word according to an identifier of the transmitter, the sync word being unique under a cyclic shift of the sync word. The system inserts a plurality of instances of the sync word into a data stream. The system also transmits, via the transmitter, the data stream to a receiver, the receiver being operable to perform a sliding correlation operation on the sync word.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Broadcom Corporation
    Inventors: Robert William Hulvey, Hyungjin Kim, Steven Deane Hall, Nicholas Michael Carbone, Siukai Mak
  • Patent number: 8867681
    Abstract: A transmission system which couples a plurality of transmission devices to a control device includes a first transmission device which is one of the plurality of transmission devices; a first calculation circuit which calculates a first difference value indicating a frequency difference value between a common clock supplied from the control device and a first clock as a clock used in the first transmission device; and a transmitter which reports the first difference value to a second transmission device other than the first transmission device, wherein the second transmission device comprises: a second calculation circuit which calculates a second difference value indicating a frequency difference value between the common clock and a second clock used in the second transmission device, and a frequency controller which controls an oscillator generating the second clock so that the second difference value approaches the first difference value reported from the first transmission device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Fujitsu Limited
    Inventor: Hiroshi Yoshida
  • Patent number: 8861622
    Abstract: A transmitting apparatus transmits signals in a digital telecommunication system and a synchronising method is used for synchronizing such signals at a receiving apparatus. The transmitting apparatus prepares for transmission a reference symbol having at least two repetition patterns, whereby one of the at least two repetition patterns is phase-shifted in relation to the other repetition pattern, and a synchronizing mechanism in the digital telecommunication system uses the reference symbol once received for synchronization. The synchronizing mechanism uses a cross-correlation mechanism to cross-correlate at least one of the two repetition patterns within a correlation window having a predetermined length.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Sony Deutschland GmbH
    Inventors: Ralf Böhnke, Thomas Dölle, Tino Puch
  • Patent number: 8860590
    Abstract: Methods and circuits for controlling an automatic gain control (AGC) circuit wherein the AGC circuit is used to adjust the gain of a signal input to an analog to digital converter. The method includes obtaining a plurality of samples from the output of the analog to digital converter and determining whether the amplitude of each sample is greater than a threshold amplitude value. If the amplitude of a sample is greater than the threshold amplitude value then a counter value is incremented. The target average amplitude of the automatic gain control circuit is then periodically adjusted based on the counter value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Imagination Technologies, Limited
    Inventors: Taku Yamagata, Adrian John Anderson
  • Patent number: 8855246
    Abstract: In a particular embodiment, a method includes receiving a first portion of a sync field of a packet at a receiver. The sync field includes the first portion and a second portion. The packet includes the sync field and a payload field. The method includes detecting a sync word associated with the packet. The sync word is detected based on the first portion of the sync field and prior to receiving the second portion of the sync field. The method initiates a demodulation stage of the receiver prior to receiving an initial bit of the payload field. Initiating the demodulation stage prior to receipt of the initial bit of the payload field enables a demodulator to perform initial demodulation activity prior to demodulation of the payload field. Demodulation continues if, after the second portion is received, the entire received sync field matches the detected sync word.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventor: RaviKiran Gopalan
  • Patent number: 8854540
    Abstract: A signal transmission apparatus includes: a vertical rectangular region sampling-out control section that obtains vertical rectangular regions, repeatedly performs a process where pixel samples read out from each line of class images are mapped to each line of video data regions of sub-images, maps pixel samples to each line of the video data regions, and repeatedly maps pixel samples to the next line; a line sampling-out control section that samples out the pixel samples every other line from each line of the sub-images to which the pixel samples have been mapped, so as to generate an interlace signal; a word sampling-out control section that samples out for each word the pixel samples which have been sampled out for each line so as to be mapped to video data regions of an HD-SDI prescribed by the SMPTE 435-2; and a readout control section that outputs the HD-SDI.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventor: Shigeyuki Yamashita
  • Patent number: 8849226
    Abstract: A wireless receiver designed to conform to the standard IEEE 802.15.4. The receiver comprises an analog front-end and a digital decoder. The analog components of the front end include one or more amplifiers and an analog-to-digital converter (ADC). The digital decoder receives the output of the ADC and demodulates it in a demodulator which is driven at an a chip frequency by an internal or external clock. The demodulator comprises a sampler operable to sample the digital signal at a sampling frequency and a correlation unit operable to process a set of bits, referred to as a chip code, in the sampled digitized signal and output therefrom a set of correlation values. The set of correlation values is an indicator of likely mapping between the chip code that has been processed and a set of possible chip codes defined according to the standard. The demodulator further comprises a symbol selection unit and a frequency correction unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Cascoda Limited
    Inventor: Wolfgang Bruchner
  • Patent number: 8837658
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a method includes determining pre-calculated information. The pre-calculated information is used to determine a counter pattern for a reference clock. The counter pattern include, for at least one data bit, a number of reference clock cycles of the reference clock that is determined based on a frequency of the reference clock and a data rate of a serial data stream. The serial data stream is sampled to read a plurality of data bits based on the counter pattern. A data bit is sampled based on the number of reference clock cycles associated with the data bit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Marvell World Trade Ltd.
    Inventor: John M. Chiang
  • Patent number: 8817823
    Abstract: A method and a device for time synchronization are disclosed according to the embodiments of the present invention. The method includes: selecting, by a slave device, a port of a single-fiber bi-directional line as a synchronization port of a 1588 clock protocol; specifying a work mode of the synchronization port; exchanging a 1588 clock synchronization packet with a master device through the synchronization port according to the work mode; acquiring transmission time information and restore a system clock according to the 1588 clock synchronization packet; and adjusting the system clock according to the work mode and the transmission time information. The device includes: a line processing module, a clock recovery module and a clock adjustment module. Through the method and the device, zero-error time synchronization is implemented; and in the case of unfixed path delay, the time synchronization can also be implemented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Xinyu Shen, Jianmei Zhang, Congqi Li, Tianhai Chang, Hao Liu, Zhiguo Liu