Alloying Occurs During Sintering Patents (Class 419/46)
  • Patent number: 10302376
    Abstract: Provided is a corrosion resistant copper tube which can exhibit a further improved resistance to ant nest corrosion, and which is suitably usable as a heat transfer tube and refrigerant tube in air-conditioning equipment and refrigerating equipment. The copper tube is formed of a copper material comprising a copper alloy consisting of 0.15-0.50% by weight of phosphorus and the balance being copper and impurities, wherein the copper material includes phosphorus oxide particles, such that a number density of particles having a circle equivalent diameter of not less than 0.1 ?m among the phosphorus oxide particles is not more than 50000/mm2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignees: UACJ CORPORATION, UACJ COPPER TUBE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoshihiko Kyo, Hirokazu Tamagawa, Yoshiyuki Oya
  • Patent number: 9725793
    Abstract: A tantalum or tantalum alloy which contains pure or substantially pure tantalum and at least one metal element selected from the group consisting of Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Jr, Pt, Mo, W and Re to form a tantalum alloy that is resistant to aqueous corrosion. The invention also relates to the process of preparing the tantalum alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: H.C. STARCK INC.
    Inventors: Paul R. Aimone, Evan Hinshaw
  • Patent number: 9580773
    Abstract: A niobium or niobium alloy which contains pure or substantially pure niobium and at least one metal element selected from the group consisting of Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, Pt, Mo, W and Re to form a niobium alloy that is resistant to aqueous corrosion. The invention also relates to the process of preparing the niobium alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: H.C. STARCK INC.
    Inventors: Paul R. Aimone, Prabhat Kumar
  • Patent number: 9187802
    Abstract: A niobium or niobium alloy which contains pure or substantially pure niobium and at least one metal element selected from the group consisting of Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, Pt, Mo, W and Re to form a niobium alloy that is resistant to aqueous corrosion. The invention also relates to the process of preparing the niobium alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Assignee: H.C. Stark Inc.
    Inventors: Paul R. Aimone, Prabhat Kumar
  • Patent number: 8986604
    Abstract: A method of forming an article includes forming a layer of a mixture of at least two distinct metal powders selected such that when combined they are chemically in the proportions of a superalloy containing a gamma prime phase, and fusing the powders locally without diffusion to define the shape of a part of the article such that the materials of the distinct metal powders remain substantially chemically segregated forming regions of different chemical composition. The method further includes repeating the forming and fusing until the derived article is formed, and heat treating the finished article such that at least one of the distinct separate materials diffuses to form a gamma prime phase containing superalloy with the other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Materials Solutions
    Inventor: Gordon Green
  • Patent number: 8974719
    Abstract: A method of forming nano-structure composite materials that have a binder material and a nanostructure fiber material is described. A precursor material may be formed using a mixture of at least one metal powder and anchored nanostructure materials. The metal powder mixture may be (a) Ni powder and (b) NiAl powder. The anchored nanostructure materials may comprise (i) NiAl powder as a support material and (ii) carbon nanotubes attached to nanoparticles adjacent to a surface of the support material. The process of forming nano-structure composite materials typically involves sintering the mixture under vacuum in a die. When Ni and NiAl are used in the metal powder mixture Ni3Al may form as the binder material after sintering. The mixture is sintered until it consolidates to form the nano-structure composite material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Consolidated Nuclear Security, LLC
    Inventors: Roland D. Seals, Paul A. Menchhofer, Jane Y. Howe, Wei Wang
  • Patent number: 8955220
    Abstract: Methods of forming scroll compressor components are provided. The methods include forming at least one component of a scroll member from a powder metallurgy technique and joining the component with another distinct component via a sinter-brazing process. For example, a baseplate having a spiral scroll involute is joined to a hub via a joint interface having brazing material to form a braze joint with superior quality. At least one component is formed from a powder metal material including carbon and at least one species that reacts with or binds carbon to prevent migration during brazing of the sinter-brazing heat process. Optionally, during the powder metallurgy process, an alloy with a lower concentration of carbon is selected, which may be incorporated into a crystal structure with the species that prevents carbon migration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Marc J. Scancarello, Roxana E. L. Ruxanda
  • Patent number: 8871143
    Abstract: Hardened amalgams formed from copper mixed with liquid gallium or liquid gallium-indium alloys are used to fabricate sputter targets comprised of copper, gallium and indium (CIG) and targets of selenides of copper, gallium and indium (CIGS). Amalgam hardening occurs by formation of intermetallic compounds at or near ambient temperature as a result of reaction between liquid metals and solid metals in powder form.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Inventor: Leonard Nanis
  • Patent number: 8828116
    Abstract: There is provided a metal powder for use in a selective laser sintering method for producing a three-dimensional shaped object, wherein the metal powder comprises a powder mixture of a precipitation-hardening metal composition. In particular, the metal powder of the present invention is configured to have a Fe-based component powder and a Ni-based component powder which are individually included in the powder mixture wherein a powder made of an alloy of Fe-based and Ni-based components is not included as a main powder in the powder mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventor: Isao Fuwa
  • Patent number: 8802004
    Abstract: The invention relates to components which are produced or processed by powder metallurgy, and to processes for producing components of this type. The components produced by powder metallurgy are intended both to have porous regions and to provide fluid-tight properties, and it should also be possible to produce them at correspondingly low cost and suitably flexibly. For this purpose, a component of this type has at least one porous region, which is formed from an intermetallic phase or solid solutions. However, it may also have a corresponding surface coating. Moreover, in a component of this type there is at least one areal fluid-tight region which is formed from a meta or metal alloy of the corresponding intermetallic phase or solid solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignees: Alantum Corporation, Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Forderung der Angewandten Forschung E.V.
    Inventors: Dirk Naumann, Thomas Weissgarber, Alexander Bohm
  • Patent number: 8758675
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for fabricating an open-porous metal foam body with a nickel base alloy, to a metal foam body fabricated this way as well as advantageous applications for the separation of specific components and pollutants from fluid flows. On the occasion, according to the set object open-porous metal foam bodies which have improved mechanical properties, and in addition an enlarged specific surface and/or increased surface roughness are to be provided. During fabricating it is proceeded such that an open-porous base foam body made of nickel or a nickel base alloy is coated with a liquid binding agent. Subsequent to this, a mixture of a powdery nickel base alloy and an organic component the temperature of phase transformation of which is at least 30 degrees centigrade from its solid phase to the liquid phase is deposited. The temperature should then be below the respective temperature of phase transformation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignees: Alantum Corporation, Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Forderung der Angewandten Forschung E.V.
    Inventors: Alexander Böhm, Dirk Naumann, Tilo Büttner, Gunnar Walther, Shadi Saberi, Lloyd Timberg
  • Patent number: 8748006
    Abstract: The invention relates to a slide bearing composite material having at least one carrier layer and a sintered bearing metal layer. The sintered bearing metal layer is designed in at least one layer region as a gradient layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Federal-Mogul Wiesbaden GmbH
    Inventors: Holger Schmitt, Thomas Enghof, Daniel Meister
  • Patent number: 8679220
    Abstract: This invention relates to a ceramic and a cermet each having a second phase for improving toughness via phase separation from a complete solid-solution phase and to a method of preparing them. The ceramic and the cermet may have the second phase phase-separated from the complete solid-solution phase, thereby easily achieving a great improvement in toughness and exhibiting other good properties including high strength, consequently enabling the manufacture of high-strength and high-toughness cutting tools, instead of conventional WC—Co hard materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: SNU R&DB Foundation
    Inventor: Shin Hoo Kang
  • Patent number: 8663439
    Abstract: A sputtering target for producing a metallic glass membrane characterized in comprising a structure obtained by sintering atomized powder having a composition of a ternary compound system or greater with at least one or more metal elements selected from Pd, Zr, Fe, Co, Cu and Ni as its main component (component of greatest atomic %), and being an average grain size of 50 ?m or less. The prepared metallic glass membrane can be used as a substitute for conventional high-cost bulk metallic glass obtained by quenching of molten metal. This sputtering target for producing the metallic glass membrane is also free from problems such as defects in the metallic glass membrane and unevenness of composition, has a uniform structure, can be produced efficiently and at low cost, and does not generate many nodules or particles. Further provided is a method for manufacturing such a sputtering target for forming the metallic glass membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignees: JX Nippon Mining & Metals Corporation, Tohoku University
    Inventors: Atsushi Nakamura, Masataka Yahagi, Akihisa Inoue, Hisamichi Kimura, Shin-ichi Yamaura
  • Patent number: 8636947
    Abstract: The present invention provides an improved metal separator for a fuel cell and a method for preparing same. More particularly, the invention provides a metal separator for a fuel cell, whereby the separator has a surface structure that imparts reduced contact resistance, improved corrosion resistance, and stable electrical conductivity. The invention further provides a surface treatment method for making the metal separator of the invention. The inventive method comprises sintering Fe—Cr—B—V-based powder on the surface of a metal foam to form an alloy layer; and forming a nitride layer of a (Cr—V—B)N-based material while supplying nitrogen gas on the surface of the alloy layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Young Min Nam, Yoo Chang Yang, Suk Min Baeck, Seung Gyun Ahn
  • Publication number: 20130315775
    Abstract: A rare earth magnet production method of the present invention includes a placing step of placing a magnet material including a compact or a sintered body of powder particles having a rare earth magnet alloy, and a diffusing material containing a diffusing element to improve coercivity, in a vicinity of each other; and a diffusing step of diffusing the diffusing element into an inside of the magnet material by exposing the magnet material heated to vapor of the diffusing element evaporated from the diffusing material heated; and wherein the diffusing step is a step of heating the diffusing material independently of the magnet material to diffusing material temperature which is different from heating temperature of the magnet material called magnet material temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2012
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Applicants: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA, KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA CHUO KENKYUSHO
    Inventors: Yuji Kaneko, Hisaaki Takao, Yukio Takada, Motoki Hiraoka, Keiu Kanada
  • Patent number: 8591804
    Abstract: A method of metal injection molding on an injection molding machine having a heated barrel with an increasing temperature gradient is disclosed. A first step includes providing a metal alloy feedstock including a first component having a first melting point and a second component having a second melting point that is higher than the first melting point, the first melting point and the second melting point selected to match the temperature gradient of the heated barrel of the injection molding machine. A second step includes feeding the metal alloy feedstock into the injection molding machine. A third step includes melting the metal alloy feedstock within the heated barrel of the injection molding machine. A fourth step includes maintaining the percentage of solids to liquids in the metal alloy feedstock of the first component and second component within a processable range of about 5% to about 30%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Cool Polymers, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin A. McCullough, James D. Miller
  • Patent number: 8535605
    Abstract: The invention describes a method of producing a sinter-hardened component from a metallic powder containing chromium which is pre-alloyed in particular, comprising the steps of compacting the powder to form a green compact and then sintering the green compact in a reducing sintering atmosphere at a sintering temperature in excess of 1100° C. A gas containing carbon is added to the sintering atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: MIBA Sinter Austria GmbH
    Inventors: Peter Orth, Gerold Stetina
  • Publication number: 20130183188
    Abstract: A mixture of powders for preparing a sintered nickel-titanium-rare earth (Ni—Ti—RE) alloy includes Ni—Ti alloy powders comprising from about 55 wt. % Ni to about 61 wt. % Ni and from about 39 wt. % Ti to about 45 wt. % Ti, and RE alloy powders comprising a RE element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2013
    Publication date: July 18, 2013
    Applicants: Medical Engineering and Development Institute, Inc, UNIVERSITY OF LIMERICK
    Inventors: University of Limerick, Medical Engineering and Development Institute, Inc.
  • Publication number: 20130160805
    Abstract: The invention provides a thermoelectric material, a method for fabricating the same, and a thermoelectric module employing the same. The thermoelectric material is composed of Zn4Sb(3-x)Rex, wherein 0<x<0.02. Further, the thermoelectric module includes a first electrode, and a thermoelectric element, wherein the thermoelectric element includes the thermoelectric material composed of Zn4Sb(3-x)Rex and contacts to the first electrode; and a second electrode contacting to the thermoelectric element, wherein the first and second electrodes are separated by the thermoelectric element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 3, 2012
    Publication date: June 27, 2013
    Applicant: INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Chia-Chan Hsu, Chun-Mu Chen, Shan-Haw Chiou
  • Patent number: 8298480
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing specialized alloys having specific properties and an alloy made using this method. The methods involve the use of micro and/or nano-sized particles that are mixed into an alloy using a friction stir welding method. The micro and/or nano-sized particles are used to alter one or more characteristics of the alloy in the locations in which the micro and/or nano-sized particles are added. The micro and/or nano-sized particles may be metal particles, non-metal particles, or a combination thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: Siemens Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: William F. Jones, Srikanth C. Kottilingam
  • Patent number: 8268452
    Abstract: Methods for forming earth-boring tools include providing a metal or metal alloy bonding agent at an interface between a first element and a second element and sintering the first element, the second element, and the boding agent to form a bond between the first element and the second element at the interface. The methods may be used, for example, to bond together portions of a body of an earth-boring tool (which may facilitate, for example, the formation of cutting element pockets) or to bond cutting elements to a body of an earth-boring tool (e.g., a bit body of a fixed-cutter earth-boring drill bit or a cone of a roller cone earth-boring drill bit). At least partially formed earth-boring tools include a metal or metal alloy bonding agent at an interface between two or more elements, at least one of which may comprise a green or brown structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Nicholas J. Lyons, Jimmy W. Eason, Redd H. Smith, John H. Stevens
  • Patent number: 8025710
    Abstract: Provided are an ancillary material, used for shape processing, which is capable of shortening a processing time, avoiding a reduction in quality of a shape provided to a workpiece material, and allowing a relatively low manufacturing cost; a processing method using the ancillary material; and a method of manufacturing the ancillary material. The tungsten alloy grains (1) comprise: tungsten of greater than or equal to 80% by mass and less than or equal to 98% by mass; nickel; at least one kind of metal selected from the group consisting of iron, copper, and cobalt; and an inevitable impurity, a maximum diameter thereof is greater than or equal to 0.1 mm and less than or equal to 5.00 mm, and a specific surface area thereof is less than or equal to 0.02 m2/g. The tungsten alloy grains (1, 10), the workpiece material (30), an abrasive (20) are blended in a container (100) and the container is rotated, thereby processing the shape of the workpiece material (30).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2011
    Assignee: A.L.M.T. Corp.
    Inventors: Shinji Kikuhara, Hitoshi Inoue, Noboru Uenishi, Satoshi Umemoto
  • Publication number: 20110142710
    Abstract: A Ti particle-dispersed magnesium-based composite material is a material having titanium particles uniformly dispersed in a magnesium matrix, and is characterized by having a titanium-aluminum compound layer at an interface between the magnesium alloy matrix and the titanium particles dispersed in the magnesium alloy matrix.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 16, 2009
    Publication date: June 16, 2011
    Applicant: KURIMOTO LTD.
    Inventors: Katsuyoshi Kondoh, Kantaro Kaneko
  • Publication number: 20110103994
    Abstract: A method of forming a metal alloy from a powder composition comprising first particles in a range of approximately 20-90% by weight of the powder composition, the remainder of the powder composition comprising approximately 95% by weight of second particles and 5% by weight of third particles, wherein the method includes the step of using rapid thermal processing (RTP) to sinter the powder composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 9, 2010
    Publication date: May 5, 2011
    Applicant: Automotive Parts and Accessory Systems R&D Centre Limited
    Inventors: June-Sang SIAK, Chan Hung Shek, Chi Yuen Chung, Wai-Lam Ralph Ip, Tik Lam Cheung
  • Publication number: 20110020171
    Abstract: Seizure resistance and wear resistance of Cu—Bi—In copper-alloy sliding material are enhanced by forming a soft phase of as pure as possible Bi. Mixed powder of Cu—In cuprous alloy powder and Cu—Bi containing Cu-based alloy powder is used. A sintering condition is set such that Bi moves outside particles of said Cu—Bi containing Cu-based powder and forms a Bi grain-boundary phase free of In, and In diffuses from said Cu—In containing Cu-based powder to said Cu—Bi containing Cu-based powder.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2009
    Publication date: January 27, 2011
    Inventors: Hitoshi Wada, Takashi Tomikawa, Daisuke Yoshitome, Hiromi Yokota
  • Patent number: 7815847
    Abstract: A process for mass production of three-dimensional articles made of intermetallic compounds based on titanium and aluminium by an electron beam melting technology. The articles are produced in successive sections from powders of the intermetallic compound with which the articles are to be produced. For each section, melting of the powders preceded by a preheating step is performed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2010
    Assignees: Avio Investments S.p.A., Avioprop S.r.l.
    Inventors: Paolo Gennaro, Giovanni Paolo Zanon, Giuseppe Pasquero
  • Patent number: 7789948
    Abstract: Provided is a hydrogen separation membrane characterized by comprising a structure obtained by sintering atomized powder having a composition of NixMyZr100-x-y (wherein M is Nb and/or Ta, 25?x?40, 25?y?40) and an average grain size of 50 ?m or less. The prepared hydrogen separation membrane does not require the use of costly Pd metal, and can be used as a substitute for conventional high-cost bulk metallic glass obtained by quenching of molten metal. This hydrogen separation membrane is free from problems such as defects in the hydrogen separation membrane and unevenness of composition, has a uniform structure, and is capable of separating hydrogen at low cost. Further provided are a sputtering target for forming such as hydrogen separation membrane and its manufacturing method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2010
    Assignees: Nippon Mining & Metals Co., Ltd, Tohoku University
    Inventors: Atsushi Nakamura, Masataka Yahagi, Akihisa Inoue, Hisamichi Kimura, Shin-ichi Yamaura
  • Patent number: 7615185
    Abstract: After an alloy powder including W, Cr, at least one of Ti, Zr, and Hf, and at least one of V, Nb, and Ta is produced, the alloy powder, a powdery carbon material, and a catalyst are heat-treated in the presence of a nitrogen gas. The alloy powder is carbonitrided into a multicomponent ceramics powder, and sintered into a sintered body. Alternatively, a powder of a first substance including at least two of Ti, Al, V, Nb, Zr, Hf, Mo, Ta, Cr, and W is molded into a molded body. Then, the surface of the molded body is surrounded by a second substance including a metal element which is not contained in the powder of the first substance, and the molded body is heat-treated in an atmosphere in which N is present. A porous sintered body thus produced is crushed into a multicomponent ceramics powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2009
    Assignee: Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Mitsuo Kuwabara
  • Patent number: 7566414
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a powder-metallurgy processed Nb3Sn superconducting wire is provided. In the method, a sheath made of Nb or a Nb alloy is filled with a raw material powder containing Sn. The sheath filled with the raw material powder is subjected to diameter reduction to form a wire. The wire is heat-treated to form a superconducting phase at the internal surface of the sheath. The raw material powder is prepared by adding a Sn powder to a Cu—Sn alloy powder or a Cu—Sn intermetallic compound powder, and is compacted under isotropic pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2009
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho
    Inventors: Takayoshi Miyazaki, Takayuki Miyatake, Hiroyuki Kato, Kyoji Zaitsu
  • Patent number: 7374717
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for efficiently producing an intermetallic compound porous material. Specifically, the invention provides a porous material production method comprising molding a mixed powder of at least two inorganic powders and performing a combustion synthesis reaction of the resulting molded mixed powder; wherein (1) the porous material contains an intermetallic compound, (2) the intermetallic compound has a three-dimensional network skeletal structure, and (3) the porous material has a relative density of not more than about 80%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2008
    Assignees: Osu Corporation
    Inventor: Osamu Yamada
  • Patent number: 7361235
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing an oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic steel excellent in high-temperature creep strength having a coarse grain structure. The method comprises mixing alloy powders and an Y2O3 powder, subjecting the mixed powder to mechanical alloying treatment, solidifying the alloyed powder by hot extrusion, and subjecting the extruded solidified material to final heat treatment involving heating to and holding at a temperature of not less than the Ac3 transformation point and slow cooling at a rate of not more than a ferrite-forming critical rate which comprises, 0.05-0.25% C, 8.0-12.0% Cr, 0.1-4.0% W, 0.1-1.0% Ti, 0.1-0.5% Y2O3 by weight, with the balance being Fe. In this method, by using a TiO2 powder as a Ti component to be mixed at the mechanical alloying treatment or by adding a Fe2O3 powder, the bonding of Ti with C is suppressed, and the C concentration in the matrix does not decrease.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2008
    Assignee: Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute
    Inventors: Satoshi Ohtsuka, Shigeharu Ukai, Takeji Kaito, Masayuki Fujiwara
  • Patent number: 7270782
    Abstract: Pressure powder metallurgy process for consolidating refractory or rhenium alloys using a reduced temperature and elevated pressure. Rhenium metal has high temperature strength and wear resistance but has a very high melting point as a pure metal and thus is difficult to use as a coating for many alloys having lower melting points. The reduced temperature and elevated pressure alloying process of the rhenium allows it to be used as a coating for other metal alloys, such as nickel and steel alloys, providing some high temperature and wear resistance due to the properties of the rhenium material in the coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2007
    Assignee: Honeywell International, Inc.
    Inventor: Robbie J. Adams
  • Patent number: 7226492
    Abstract: Tungsten-based alloy material sintered at a high sintering power that may contain additive elements soluble in the nickel and selected from the group constituted, for example, by rhenium, molybdenum, tantalum, niobium, vanadium or a mixture of these, wherein, after sintering in liquid phase at a temperature of around 1500° C., it has: a two-phased ?-? microstructure that is fully densified, has no porosities or has negligible porosities of a low mean grain size (L?) and a contiguity (C??) that is very low with respect to the size of the tungsten crystals, and a dispersion of micro-oxides with no loss of ductility properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2007
    Inventors: Pascal Mahot, Guy Nicolas, Marc Voltz
  • Patent number: 7112302
    Abstract: The manufacturing methods according to the present teachings provide shape memory alloy products having both a uniform composition and a precise shape memory recovery temperature. In this manufacturing method, raw material powders (e.g., Ti and Ni powders) may be precisely mixed. Next, a compound may be synthesized from the raw material powder mixture using a combustion synthesis method. The combustion synthesized compound may be melted and cast into a desired shape (e.g., a shape of the final product or a shape close to that of the final product).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2006
    Assignees: Yoshimi Inc., MIE TLO Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshiharu Yoshimi, Yasushi Okumura, Masataka Tokuda
  • Patent number: 7063815
    Abstract: Metal-metal or metal-ceramic/carbide composite materials are fabricated by combination of powder injection molding and infiltration. This is achieved by first forming a composite system having a matrix component and an infiltrant layer. The matrix component is formed from a metal or ceramic/carbide powder, that is of a higher melting point, admixed with a first binder. The infiltrant layer is formed from a metal powder, that is of a lower melting point, admixed with a second binder. The first and second binders are subsequently removed from the composite system during a debinding process. The composite system is then heated in a sintering furnace to coalesce the matrix component into a matrix phase having a network of interconnected pores, and to effect infiltration of the infiltrant layer into these pores to form the composite material of the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2006
    Assignee: Agency for Science, Technology and Research
    Inventors: Qingfa Li, Su Xia Zhang, Meng Kwong Ho
  • Patent number: 7048808
    Abstract: The present invention provides a rare-earth sintered magnet exhibiting desirable magnetic properties in which the amount of Nd and/or Pr forming a non-magnetic phase in a grain boundary phase is reduced. Specifically, the present invention provides a rare-earth sintered magnet having a composition of (R1x+R2y)T100-x-y-zQz where R1 is at least one element selected from the group consisting of all rare-earth elements excluding La (lanthanum), Y (yttrium) and Sc (scandium); R2 is at least one element selected from the group consisting of La, Y and Sc; T is at least one element selected from the group consisting of all transition elements; Q is at least one element selected from the group consisting of B and C, and including, as a main phase, a crystal grain of an Nd2Fe14B crystalline structure, wherein: molar fractions x, y and z satisfy 8?x?18 at %, 0.1?y?3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2006
    Assignee: Neomax Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuji Kaneko, Katsuya Taniguchi, Takao Sekino
  • Patent number: 6926969
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the production of sintered porous bodies, to porous bodies produced correspondingly using the process, and to their use. With the solution according to the invention, sintered bodies which achieve improved properties, such as an increased surface area, deformability of the structures at room temperature or modification of the initial pore volume, are to be produced. To this end, at least one sintering-active powder which forms at least one intermetallic phase or mixed crystals is applied to the surface of a porous basic body. Heat treatment is to be carried out subsequently, in which intermetallic phases or mixed crystals which increase the specific surface area can be formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2005
    Assignees: Inco Limited, Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Forderung der angewandten Forschung e. V.
    Inventors: Alexander Bohm, Hartmut Gohler, Dirk Naumann
  • Patent number: 6878307
    Abstract: A piezoelectric ceramic composition firable at a reduced sintering temperature is provided. The main composition is expressed with the general formula: [(Pb1-m-n-pSrmBanCdp)(ZrxTi1-x)1-k(BiaMnb)k]O3+yBi2O3+z(Fluorine Compound) where 0.00?m<0.15, 0.00?n<0.15, 0.00<(m+n)<0.21, 0.00 <p<0.04, 0.50?x?0.56, 0.00<a?1.00, 0.00<b?1.00, 0.00<k<0.04, 0.00?y?1.00(in weight %), 0.00?z?1.00(in weight %) and fluorine compound is LiF or MgF2. The ceramic material of the invention can be advantageously used in multilayered piezoelectric ceramic devices, in piezoelectric ceramic transformers, in piezoelectric ceramic actuators or in piezoelectric ceramic transducers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2005
    Assignee: Dongil Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Youri Ponomarev, Young Min Kim
  • Publication number: 20040261905
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of producing a magnetic particle including forming a layer containing an alloy particle that can form CuAu type or Cu3Au type hard magnetic order alloy phase on a support, oxidizing the layer, and annealing the layer in non-oxidizing atmosphere. The invention also relates to a method of producing a magnetic particle including producing an alloy particle that can form hard magnetic order alloy phase, oxidizing the alloy particle, and annealing the particle in non-oxidizing atmosphere, and a magnetic particle produced by the foregoing production method. Further, the invention relates to a magnetic recording medium comprising a magnetic layer containing a magnetic particle and a method of producing a magnetic recording medium including forming a layer containing an alloy that can form the foregoing hard magnetic order alloy phase, oxidizing the layer, and annealing the layer in non-oxidizing atmosphere.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 22, 2004
    Publication date: December 30, 2004
    Applicant: FUJI PHOTO FILM CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yasushi Hattori, Koukichi Waki, Keizo Ogawa
  • Publication number: 20040261906
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of producing a magnetic particle including forming a layer containing an alloy particle that can form CuAu type or Cu3Au type hard magnetic order alloy phase on a support, oxidizing the layer, and annealing the layer in non-oxidizing atmosphere. The invention also relates to a method of producing a magnetic particle including producing an alloy particle that can form hard magnetic order alloy phase, oxidizing the alloy particle, and annealing the particle in non-oxidizing atmosphere, and a magnetic particle produced by the foregoing production method. Further, the invention relates to a magnetic recording medium comprising a magnetic layer containing a magnetic particle and a method of producing a magnetic recording medium including forming a layer containing an alloy that can form the foregoing hard magnetic order alloy phase, oxidizing the layer, and annealing the layer in non-oxidizing atmosphere.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 22, 2004
    Publication date: December 30, 2004
    Applicant: FUJI PHOTO FILM CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yasushi Hattori, Koukichi Waki, Keizo Ogawa
  • Patent number: 6761852
    Abstract: Although MIM (metal injection molding) has received widespread application, aluminum has not been widely used for MIM in the prior art because of the tough oxide layer that grows on aluminum particles, thus preventing metal—metal bonding between the particles. The present invention solves this problem by adding a small amount of material that forms a eutectic mixture with aluminum oxide, and therefore aids sintering, to reduce the oxide, thereby allowing intimate contact between aluminum surfaces. The process includes the ability to mold and then sinter the feedstock into the form of compacted items of intricate shapes, small sizes (if needed), and densities of about 95% of bulk.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2004
    Assignee: Advanced Materials Technologies Pte. Ltd.
    Inventors: Chee-Tian Yeo, Lye-King Tan
  • Patent number: 6723278
    Abstract: This invention presents the process of direct laser casting of copper alloys: Cu—X (where X=Ni, Fe, W;) and their composites Cu—Y and Cu—X—Y (Y=WC, TiC, Ti+C) from powders prepared using mechanical mixing and ball milling processes. Since the metallic powder is combined with a low melting point Cu metal, which has good thermal and electrical conductivity, the combination allows the powder mixture to be melted by CO2 laser and re-solidified into a part with good mechanical properties and conductivity. The laser casting process for the Cu-based in-situ formation and the material systems formed using the said method have been developed. The process can be used to fabricate complex three-dimensional objects by multi-layer overlapping and the material systems can be used to build rapid tooling due to the properties of good thermal conductivity and low wear rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2004
    Assignees: The National University of Singapore, The Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology
    Inventors: Li Lu, Jerry Ying Fuh, Yoke San Wong, Zhenda Chen, Gnian Cher Lim
  • Patent number: 6723280
    Abstract: A method of providing a resistance to oxidation of Nickel at high temperatures by combining Ni powder with five percent Pt resinate, and heating the same to a temperature of 500° C. to 1300° C. Electro-conductive components serving as electrodes and the like comprise a Ni/Pt powder subjected to temperatures of between 500° C. and the respective melting points of Ni and Pt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2004
    Assignee: Vishay Vitramon Incorporated
    Inventor: Vito A. Coppola
  • Patent number: 6699821
    Abstract: A Nb3Al superconducting wire and method for fabricating the same wherein Nb and Al powders in combination, or Nb—Al alloy powders are encapsulated in a metal tube, preferably copper or copper-alloy (e.g., CuNi), and the resultant composite is processed by conventional means to fine wire. Multifilamentary composites are produced by rebundling of the powder-filled wires into metal tubes followed by conventional processing to wire of a desired size. It is required for the use of Nb and Al powders in combination that the Nb and Al powder particle size be less than 100 nm. In the use of Nb—Al alloy powders, it is preferred, but not required, that the powder particle size be similarly of a nanometer scale. The use of nanometer-scale powders is beneficial to wire fabrication, allowing the production of long wire piece-lengths. At final wire size, the wires produced by practice of the present invention are heat treated at temperatures below the melting point of copper (1083° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2004
    Assignee: Composite Materials Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark K. Rudziak, Leszek R. Motowidlo, Terence Wong
  • Patent number: 6666901
    Abstract: Targets for the fabrication of quasicrystalline films are prepared from powders of the elemental constituents of the objective quasicrystalline material that have been pressed into a required target shape. The temperature of target fabrication is maintained sufficiently low that quasicrystalline alloy formation does not occur during target fabrication. Due to the high thermal shock resistance of each of the individual constituents and due to the dispersed form of the powders comprising the target, the target demonstrates very high resistance to thermal shock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2003
    Assignee: Technology Assessment & Transfer, Inc.
    Inventor: Larry Lee Fehrenbacher
  • Patent number: 6641779
    Abstract: A valve seat made of an Fe-based sintered alloy excellent in wear resistance and having a reduced counterpart valve attack property is disclosed, which comprises a base comprising 15-40% by weight of Cu, 0.3-12% by weight of Ni and 0.0005-3.0% by weight of C, and further comprising 0.1-10% by weight of Co and 0.1-10% by weight of Cr when necessary, with the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities, the base having a structure which comprises an Fe-based alloy phase 1 composed of Fe as a main component combined by a Cu-based alloy phase 2 composed of Cu as a main component, wherein hard particles phase 3 having MHV of 500-1700 is dispersed in the base. The Fe-based alloy phase 1 is an Fe alloy phase which comprises Ni, Cu and C with Fe having more than 50% by weight, while the Cu-based alloy phase 2 is a Cu alloy phase which comprises Ni, Fe and C with Cu having more than 50% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2003
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventors: Kinya Kawase, Koichiro Morimoto
  • Patent number: 6607693
    Abstract: A titanium alloy according to the present invention is characterized in that it comprises an element of Va group (the vanadium group) in an amount of 30-60% by weight and the balance of titanium substantially, exhibits an average Young's modulus of 75 GPa or less, and exhibits a tensile elastic limit strength of 700 MPa or more. This titanium alloy can be used in a variety of products, which are required to exhibit a low Young's modulus, a high elastic deformability and a high strength, in a variety of fields.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2003
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho
    Inventors: Takashi Saito, Tadahiko Furuta, Kazuaki Nishino, Hiroyuki Takamiya
  • Patent number: 6506338
    Abstract: A pressureless sintering process for producing FeAl wherein the heating rate is controlled in a manner which minimizes expansion of a mixture of elemental powders of iron and aluminum. During the process, the heating rate is maintained below 1° C./min to minimize the volume expansion during the formation of the intermediate phase Fe2Al5. As a result of the process, the final density can be increased up to 95% of the theoretical density. The sequence of phases formed during the heating of Fe+Al mixture were identified by X-ray diffraction, optical microscopy, SEM and along with DSC data were correlated to the expansion and shrinkage behavior of the samples.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2003
    Assignee: Chrysalis Technologies Incorporated
    Inventors: Shalva Gedevanishvili, Seetharama C. Deevi
  • Patent number: 6475262
    Abstract: The method comprises preparing an iron-based powder mixture, and compressing and sintering the mixture to form the component. Said mixture comprises a first powder which forms 40 to 60 wt % of the mixture and which is an atomised pre-alloy comprising nickel, cobalt and iron, a second powder which forms 30 to 50 wt % of the mixture and essentially consists of iron, a third powder which essentially consists of ferromolybdenum, a fourth powder which essentially consists of graphite, and optionally a fifth powder which consists essentially of ferrotungsten. The component has a composition comprising 5 to 11 wt % of nickel, 5 to 11 wt % of cobalt, 5 to 8 wt % molybdenum, up to 1 wt % tungsten, 0.25 to 0.9 wt % carbon, and a balance which essentially consists of iron.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2002
    Assignee: Federal-Mogul Sintered Products Limited
    Inventors: Paritosh Maulik, Stephen Mcarthur