Copper Containing Patents (Class 420/89)
  • Patent number: 8900511
    Abstract: The present invention relates a high-strength nonmagnetic stainless steel, containing, by weight percent, 0.01 to 0.06% of C, 0.10 to 0.50% of Si, 20.5 to 24.5% of Mn, 0.040% or less of P, 0.010% or less of S, 3.1 to 6.0% of Ni, 0.10 to 0.80% of Cu, 20.5 to 24.5% of Cr, 0.10 to 1.50% of Mo, 0.0010 to 0.0050% of B, 0.010% or less of O, 0.65 to 0.90% of N, and the remainder being Fe and inevitable impurities; the steel satisfying the following formulae (1) to (4): [Cr]+3.3×[Mo]+16×[N]?30??(1), {Ni}/{Cr}?0.15??(2), 2.0?[Ni]/[Mo]?30.0??(3), and [C]×1000/[Cr]?2.5??(4), wherein [Cr], [Mo], [N], [Ni], [Mo] and [C] represent the content of Cr, the content of Mo, the content of N, the content of Ni, the content of Mo and the content of C in the steel, respectively, and {Ni} represents the sum of [Ni], [Cu] and [N], and {Cr} represents the sum of [Cr] and [Mo]. The present invention further relates to a high-strength nonmagnetic stainless steel part containing the steel and a process for producing the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Daido Tokushuko Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Koichi Ishikawa, Tetsuya Shimizu
  • Patent number: 8876986
    Abstract: Disclosed is a high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet having improved stretch-flange formability and excellent hydrogen embrittlement resistance. In addition to Fe, C, Si, Mn, P, S, N, and Al, the steel sheet contains V or at least one element of Nb, Ti and Zr. The contents of the at least one element of Nb, Ti and Zr, if present, satisfy the expression of [% C]?[% Nb]/92.9×12?[% Ti]/47.9×12?[% Zr]/91.2×12>0.03. The steel sheet has an area ratio of tempered martensite of 50% or more with ferrite as the remainder. The number of precipitates having a circle-equivalent diameter of 1 to 10 nm is 20 particles or more per 1 ?m2 of the tempered martensite. The number of precipitates containing V or the at least one element of Nb, Ti and Zr and having a circle-equivalent diameter of 20 nm or more is 10 particles or less per 1 ?m2 of the tempered martensite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideo Hata, Toshio Murakami, Akira Ibano, Fumio Yuse, Junichiro Kinugasa
  • Publication number: 20140314616
    Abstract: Provided is a hot-rolled steel sheet having a composition containing 0.04 mass percent to 0.20 mass percent C, 0.7 mass percent to 2.3 mass percent Si, 0.8 mass percent to 2.8 mass percent Mn, 0.1 mass percent or less P, 0.01 mass percent or less S, 0.1 mass percent or less Al, and 0.008 mass percent or less N, the remainder being Fe and inevitable impurities. Internal oxides containing one or more selected from the group consisting of Si, Mn, and Fe are present at grain boundaries and in grains in a base metal. The internal oxides present at the grain boundaries in the base metal are located within 5 ?m from the surface of the base metal. The difference between the depths at which the internal oxides are formed in the cross direction of the steel sheet is 2 ?m or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2012
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Applicant: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mai Miyata, Yoshitsugu Suzuki, Yasunobu Nagataki, Yoshiyasu Kawasaki, Hirokazu Sugihara
  • Patent number: 8845825
    Abstract: The present invention provides spring use heat treated steel which is cold coiled, can achieve both sufficient atmospheric strength and coilability, has a tensile strength of 2000 MPa or more, and can improve the performance as a spring by heat treatment after spring fabrication, that is, high strength spring-use heat treated steel characterized by containing, by mass %, C: 0.45 to 0.9%, Si: 1.7 to 3.0%, and Mn: 0.1 to 2.0%, restricting N: to 0.007% or less, having a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities, and satisfying, in terms of the analyzed value of the extracted residue after heat treatment, [amount of Fe in residue on 0.2 ?m filter/[steel electrolysis amount]×100?1.1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Masayuki Hashimura, Tatsuro Ochi, Takayuki Kisu, Hiroshi Hagiwara
  • Publication number: 20140271331
    Abstract: This high-strength steel plate has a component composition including, by mass %, C: 0.02-0.3%, Si: 1-3%, Mn: 1.8-3%, P: 0.1% or less, S: 0.01% or less, Al: 0.001-0.1%, N: 0.002-0.03%, the rest consisting of iron and impurities. Said steel plate has a microstructure including, in terms of area ratio relative to the entire microstructure, each of the following phases: bainitic ferrite: 50-85%; retained ?; 3% or greater; martensite+the aforementioned retained ?; 10-45%; and ferrite: 5-40%. The C concentration (C?R) in the aforementioned retained austenite is 0.3-1.2 mass %, part or all of the N in the aforementioned component composition is solid solution N, and the amount of said solid solution N is 30-100 ppm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 15, 2012
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Toshio Murakami, Elijah Kakiuchi, Hideo Hata, Naoki Mizuta, Tatsuya Asai
  • Patent number: 8778096
    Abstract: Provided is a low yield ratio, high strength and high toughness steel plate having excellent strain ageing resistance equivalent to API 5L X70 Grade or lower and a method for manufacturing the same. The steel plate has a metallographic microstructure that is a three-phase microstructure including bainite, M-A constituent, and quasi-polygonal ferrite, the area fraction of the bainite being 5% to 70%, the area fraction of the M-A constituent being 3% to 20%, the remainder being the quasi-polygonal ferrite, the equivalent circle diameter of the M-A constituent being 3.0 ?m or less. The steel plate has a yield ratio of 85% or less and a Charpy impact test absorbed energy of 200 J or more at ?30° C. before or after being subjected to strain ageing treatment at a temperature of 250° C. or lower for 30 minutes or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Junji Shimamura, Nobuyuki Ishikawa, Nobuo Shikanai
  • Patent number: 8758893
    Abstract: The present invention provides enamelware and a glaze improving the bondability between the steel substrate and enamel layer and superior in resistance to dew point corrosion by sulfuric acid and hydrochloric acid, that is, a steel substrate of a composition containing, by mass %, Cu: 0.05 to 0.5%, Si: 0.1 to 2.0%, Mn: 0.05 to 2.0%, P: 0.005 to 0.10%, and S: 0.005 to 0.1%, restricting C to C: 0.20% or less, and comprising a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities on the surface of which an enamel layer of a thickness of 50 to 700 ?m is provided. At that time, the content of Co oxides in the enamel layer is made, converted to Co, 0.01 to 10% and/or the content of Ni oxides is made, converted to Ni, 0.05 to 20% or the total content of Ni in the steel substrate and enamel layer is made 0.005 to 4.5% with respect to the total mass of the enamelware and/or the total content of Co is made 0.008 to 4.0% with respect to the total mass of the enamelware.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Satoshi Nishimura, Shunji Sakamoto, Hidekuni Murakami
  • Publication number: 20140150249
    Abstract: A semi-processed electrical steel is provided comprising the elements .005 ? Tin ? .09% 0 < Carbon ? 0.050% .10 ? Manganese ? 1.00% .005 ? Phosphorus ? .120% .0 < Sulfur ? .010% .50 ? Silicon ? 2.50% .01 ? Aluminum ? 1.60% .0 ? Antimony < .
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 3, 2012
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Inventor: Gwynne Johnston
  • Patent number: 8657969
    Abstract: A high strength galvanized steel sheet has a TS of 590 MPa or more and excellent processability. The component composition contains, by mass %, C: 0.05% to 0.3%, Si: 0.7% to 2.7%, Mn: 0.5% to 2.8%, P: 0.1% or lower, S: 0.01% or lower, Al: 0.1% or lower, and N: 0.008% or lower, and the balance: Fe or inevitable impurities. The microstructure contains, in terms of area ratio, ferrite phases: 30% to 90%, bainite phases: 3% to 30%, and martensite phases: 5% to 40%, in which, among the martensite phases, martensite phases having an aspect ratio of 3 or more are present in a proportion of 30% or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshiyasu Kawasaki, Tatsuya Nakagaito, Shinjiro Kaneko, Saiji Matsuoka
  • Publication number: 20140044987
    Abstract: A steel sheet for a hot stamping member contains, as a chemical composition, 0.10 mass % to 0.35 mass % of C; 0.01 mass % to 1.0 mass % of Si; 0.3 mass % to 2.3 mass % of Mn; 0.01 mass % to 0.5 mass % of Al; limited to 0.03 mass % or less of P; limited to 0.02 mass % or less of S; limited to 0.1 mass % or less of N; and a balance consisting of Fe and unavoidable impurities, in which a standard deviation of diameters of iron carbides which are contained in a region from a surface to a ¼ thickness position of the steel sheet is less than or equal to 0.8 ?m.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 26, 2012
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Tanahashi, Jun Maki
  • Publication number: 20140030135
    Abstract: A high-strength non-oriented electrical steel sheet contains: in mass %, C: 0.010% or less; Si: not less than 2.0% nor more than 4.0%; Mn: not less than 0.05% nor more than 0.50%; Al: not less than 0.2% nor more than 3.0%; N: 0.005% or less; S: not less than 0.005% nor more than 0.030%; and Cu: not less than 0.5% nor more than 3.0%, a balance being composed of Fe and inevitable impurities. An expression (1) is established where a Mn content is represented as [Mn] and a S content is represented as [S], and not less than 1.0×104 pieces nor more than 1.0×106 pieces of sulfide having a circle-equivalent diameter of not less than 0.1 ?m nor more than 1.0 ?m are contained per 1 mm2.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2012
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Applicant: Nippon Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshihiro Arita, Masahiro Fujikura, Hidekuni Murakami
  • Publication number: 20130323112
    Abstract: In a hot-rolled sheet, an average value of pole densities of an orientation group {100}<011> to {223}<110>, which is represented by an arithmetic mean of pole densities of orientations {100}<011>, {116}<110>, {114}<110>, {112}<110>, and {223}<110> in a thickness center portion of a thickness range of ? to ? from a surface of the steel sheet, is 1.0 to 6.5 and a pole density of a crystal orientation {332}<113> is 1.0 to 5.0; and a Lankford value rC in a direction perpendicular to a rolling direction is 0.70 to 1.10 and a Lankford value r30 in a direction that forms 30° with respect to the rolling direction is 0.70 to 1.10.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2012
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Riki Okamoto, Nobuhiro Fujita, Manabu Takahashi, Kunio Hayashi, Tetsuo Kishimoto, Kazuaki Nakano, Takeshi Yamamoto
  • Publication number: 20130272914
    Abstract: The steel wire material of the present invention contains 0.05 to 1.2% of C (mass %; same for the chemical components hereafter), 0.01 to 0.5% of Si, 0.1 to 1.5% of Mn, 0.02% or less (but not 0%) of P, 0.02% or less (but not 0%) of S, and 0.005% or less (but not 0%) of N, with the balance being iron and inevitable impurities. The wire material has a scale layer that is no thicker than 7.0 ?m or less. The scale layer has an FeO percentage of 30 to 80 vol % and an Fe2SiO4 percentage of less than 0.1 vol %. The scale layer that is formed will not peel when cooled after hot rolling or during storage and transport, but will easily peel during mechanical descaling.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 6, 2012
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel. Ltd.)
    Inventors: Mikako Takeda, Shohei Nakakubo, Kazuhiko Kirihara, Masayuki Endo
  • Publication number: 20130272913
    Abstract: This steel wire material contains 0.05%-1.2% C (“%” means “% by mass,” same hereinafter for chemical components.), 0.01%-0.7% Si, 0.1%-1.5% Mn, 0.02% max. P (not including 0%), 0.02% max. S (not including 0%), and 0.005% max. N (not including 0%), with the remainder being iron and unavoidable impurities. The steel wire material has a scale 6.0-20 ?m thick and holes of an equivalent circle diameter of 1 ?m max. in said scale that occupy 10% by area max. Said scale does not detach in the cooling process after hot rolling or during storage or transportation but can readily detach during mechanical descaling.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 9, 2011
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Mikako Takeda, Shohei Nakakubo, Kazuhiko Kirihara, Masayuki Endo
  • Patent number: 8491731
    Abstract: An alloy composition of FeaBbSicPxCyCuz. Parameters meet the following conditions: 79?a?86 atomic %; 5?b?13 atomic %; 0?c?8 atomic %; 1?x?8 atomic %; 0?y?5 atomic %, 0.4?z?1.4 atomic %; and 0.08?z/x?0.8. Or, parameters meet the following conditions: 81?a?86 atomic %; 6?b?10 atomic %; 2?c?8 atomic %; 2?x?5 atomic %; 0?y?4 atomic %; 0.4?z?1.4 atomic %, and 0.08?z/x?0.8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Inventor: Akihiro Makino
  • Patent number: 8475605
    Abstract: In the steel for a surface layer hardening which is treated with carburizing in a temperature range of 800° C. to 900° C., chemical composition thereof contains, by mass %, C: 0.10% to 0.60%, Si: 0.01% to 2.50%, Mn: 0.20% to 2.00%, S: 0.0001% to 0.10%, Cr: 2.00% to 5.00%, Al: 0.001% to 0.50%, N: 0.0020% to 0.020%, P: 0.001% to 0.050%, and O: 0.0001% to 0.0030%; the remaining portion thereof includes Fe and unavoidable impurities; and the total amount of Cr, Si, and Mn satisfies, by mass %, 2.0?Cr+Si+Mn?8.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Manabu Kubota, Tatsuro Ochi
  • Publication number: 20130153091
    Abstract: A hot-rolled steel sheet has an average value of the X-ray random intensity ratio of a {100} <011> to {223} <110> orientation group at least in a sheet thickness central portion that is in a sheet thickness range of ? to ? from a steel sheet surface of 1.0 to 6.0, an X-ray random intensity ratio of a {332} <113> crystal orientation of 1.0 to 5.0, rC which is an r value in a direction perpendicular to a rolling direction of 0.70 to 1.10, and r30 which is an r value in a direction that forms an angle of 30° with respect to the rolling direction of 0.70 to 1.10.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2011
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Nobuhiro Fujita, Kunio Hayashi, Riki Okamoto, Manabu Takahashi, Tetsuo Kishimoto, Hiroshi Yoshida
  • Publication number: 20130101457
    Abstract: This steel for a machine structure contains, in mass %: C: 0.40% to less than 0.75%; Si: 0.01% to 3.0%; Mn: 0.1% to 1.8%; S: 0.001% to 0.1%; Al: more than 0.1% and not more than 1.0%; N: 0.001% to 0.02%; and P: limited to not more than 0.05%, with a balance including Fe and inevitable impurities, in which the steel satisfies 139.38 ?214×[C]+30.6×[Si]+42.8×[Mn]?14.7×[Al]?177 and 0.72?[C]+1/7×[Si]+1/5×[Mn]<1.539.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2011
    Publication date: April 25, 2013
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Toshiharu Aiso, Suguru Yoshida, Manabu Kubota, Kei Miyanishi, Shuji Kozawa
  • Patent number: 8414712
    Abstract: Disclosed are a thin strip of an amorphous alloy having excellent workability, a nanocrystalline soft magnetic alloy which can stably provide good magnetic properties, and a magnetic core using the nanocrystalline soft magnetic alloy. The thin strip of an amorphous alloy is characterized in that the thin strip is formed of an alloy having a composition represented by Fe100-a-b-c-dMaSibBcCud (atomic %), wherein 0?a?10, 0?b?20, 4?c?20, 0.1?d?3, and 9?a+b+c?35, and containing unavoidable impurities, and, in the composition, M represents at least one element selected from Ti, V, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Ta, and W, a Cu segregated part is present, on the surface side of the thin strip of the amorphous alloy, in which Cu is segregated at a higher concentration than the Cu concentration in the outermost surface part of the thin strip of the amorphous alloy, and the highest Cu concentration in the Cu segregated part is not more than 4 atomic %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshihito Yoshizawa, Motoki Ohta
  • Publication number: 20130078135
    Abstract: The present invention is related to a steel product of the weathering steel type, i.e. a product exhibiting increased corrosion resistance after having been exposed to the outside environment for a given time. According to the invention, the steel product is defined by a composition consisting of (in wt %):—Carbon between 0.03 and 0.2,—Manganese between 0.5 and 2,—Copper between 0 and 0.5,—Ti between 0 and 0.1,—Cr between 0 and 0.5,—Nickel between 0 and 0.2,—Niobium between 0 and 0.1,—Nitrogen between 0 and 0.01,—Sulphur between 0 and 0.01, Phosphor between 0 and 0.01,—Aluminium higher than 0 and maximum 1.5,—Silicon between 0.25 and 1.5, the balance being Fe and accidental impurities, and wherein the sum of the Al and Si levels is higher than about 0.85 wt %.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2010
    Publication date: March 28, 2013
    Inventors: Joachim Antonissen, Eddy De Grave, Julieth Alexandra
  • Publication number: 20130040165
    Abstract: Disclosed is a high-strength steel sheet having a tensile strength of 1180 MPa or more and having satisfactory seam weldability. The steel sheet has a chemical composition of C: 0.12% to 0.40%, Si: 0.003% to 0.5%, Mn 0.01% to 1.5%, Al: 0.032% to 0.15%, N: 0.01% or less, P: 0.02% or less, S: 0.01% or less, Ti: 0.01% to 0.2% or less, and B: 0.0001% to 0.01%, with the remainder including iron and inevitable impurities, has a Ceq1 (=C+Mn/5+Si/13) of 0.50% or less, and has a steel structure of a martensite single-phase structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 12, 2012
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Atsuhiro SHIRAKI, Yukihiro Utsumi
  • Publication number: 20130039804
    Abstract: An electrical steel comprises a mixture of elements comprising at least the following elements by weight percent. 0% < Chromium <1.0% 0% < Copper <0.10%? 0% < Nickel ?<6.0%. The electrical steel has a partial recrystallization with smaller grain size than would be the grain size given a complete recrystallization. The electrical steel has a yield strength above 550 N/mm2 and an electrical loss below 2.0 watts/pound at 1.5 Tesla at 60 Hz which corresponds to 3.5 watts/kg at 1.5 Tesla at 50 Hz.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2012
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Inventor: Gwynne Johnston
  • Patent number: 8361245
    Abstract: The present invention provides a steel material able to secure a superior corrosion resistance in a sulfuric acid dew point corrosive environment of exhaust gas obtained by burning high S-containing fuel, containing, by mass %, C: ?0.010%, Si: ?0.10%, Cu: 0.05 to 1.00%, P: ?0.030%, S: ?0.050%, and Al: ?0.10% and comprising a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities. Further, this steel contains one type or two types or more of Sb, Sn, Cr, Mn, Mo, Ni, Nb, V, Ti, and B.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Nippon Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Shunji Sakamoto, Satoshi Nishimura, Akira Usami
  • Patent number: 8361248
    Abstract: The present invention provides a high strength steel having unprecedentedly superior CTOD (fracture toughness) properties satisfying not only the CTOD properties of the FL zone at ?60° C., but also the CTOD properties of the ICHAZ zone in small and medium heat input multilayer welding, etc.; and a method of production of the same. The steel of the present invention is steel superior in CTOD properties of the heat-affected zone containing, by mass %, C: 0.015 to 0.045%, Si: 0.05 to 0.2%, Mn: 1.5 to 2.0%, Cu: 0.25 to 0.5%, Ni: 0.7 to 1.5%, P: 0.008% or less, S: 0.005% or less, Al: 0.004% or less, Ti: 0.005 to 0.015%, Nb: 0.005% or less, O: 0.0015 to 0.0035%, and N: 0.002 to 0.006%, PCTOD: 0.065 or less, CeqH: 0.235 or less and the balance consisting of Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Nippon Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Rikio Chijiiwa, Ryuji Uemori, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Kazuhiro Fukunaga, Akihiko Kojima, Yoshihide Nagai
  • Publication number: 20130022491
    Abstract: Provided is a high-carbon steel wire which gives steel wires having high strength and has excellent suitability for wiredrawing and which after being wiredrawn, has excellent fatigue properties. The high-carbon steel wire has an adequately regulated chemical composition and has a pearlite structure in an areal proportion of 90% or more. In 2,000 ?m2 of the pearlite structure, the number of BN compound grains having an equivalent-circle diameter of 100 nm or more but less than 1,000 nm is 100 or less (including 0) and the number of BN compound grains having an equivalent-circle diameter of 1,000 nm or more is 10 or less (including 0).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2011
    Publication date: January 24, 2013
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Hiroshi Oura, Nao Yoshihara
  • Publication number: 20130022490
    Abstract: Disclosed is a high-strength steel plate with excellent warm workability that has a component composition comprising, in mass %, 0.05 to 0.4% C, 0.5 to 3% Si+Al, 0.5 to 3% Mn, no more than 0.15% P (not including 0%), and no more than 0.02% S (including 0%), with the remainder comprising iron and impurities, and a composition that includes a total of 45 to 80% martensite and/or bainitic ferrite in terms of the area ratio relative to the entire composition, 5 to 40% polygonal ferrite in terms of the area ratio relative to the entire composition, and 5 to 20% retained austenite in terms of the area ratio relative to the entire composition, wherein the C concentration (C?R) within said residual austenite is in the range of 0.6 mass % to less than 1.0 mass %, and that furthermore may include bainite. In the high-strength steel plate, TRIP effects are achieved to the fullest extent in warm working, and increased ductility over prior steel plates is reliably achieved.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Publication date: January 24, 2013
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Hideo Hata, Toshio Murakami, Yukihiro Utsumi
  • Patent number: 8298985
    Abstract: This invention is directed to catalysts for dehydrogenating primary alcohols. Catalysts comprising a metal support comprising (a) from about 2% to about 30% by weight copper, and (b) at least about 50% by weight non-copper metal selected from the group consisting of nickel, zinc, tin, cobalt, iron and combinations thereof; and a copper-containing coating are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventors: David A. Morgenstern, Juan P. Arhancet, Howard C. Berk
  • Patent number: 8298355
    Abstract: A soft magnetic alloy that in an FeCo nanocrystal soft magnetic material, exhibits a high saturation magnetic flux density of 1.85 T or more, and that ensures prolonged nozzle life and easy ribbon production; an amorphous alloy ribbon for use in production thereof; and magnetic parts utilizing the soft magnetic alloy. The soft magnetic alloy has the composition of the formula Fe100-x-y-aCoaCuxBy (in the formula, x, y and a each represent atomic % and satisfy the relationships 1<x?3, 10?y?20 and 10<a<25). At least part of the structure thereof consists of a crystal phase of 60 nm or less (not including 0) crystal grain diameter. The soft magnetic alloy has a saturation magnetic flux density of 1.85 T or more and a coercive force of 200 A/m or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshihito Yoshizawa, Motoki Ohta
  • Publication number: 20120270069
    Abstract: A method for making a coated article includes the steps of: providing a substrate; forming a copper-iron target by a hot isostatic pressing process using copper powder and iron powder; forming a copper-iron alloy layer on the substrate by vacuum sputtering using the copper-iron target. A coated article is also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2011
    Publication date: October 25, 2012
    Applicants: HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTRY CO., LTD., HONG FU JIN PRECISION INDUSTRY (ShenZhen) CO.,LTD.
    Inventors: HSIN-PEI CHANG, WEN-RONG CHEN, HUANN-WU CHIANG, CHENG-SHI CHEN, SHUN-MAO LIN
  • Patent number: 8293379
    Abstract: The quenchable steel sheet has an alloy composition including carbon (C) in an amount of 0.15˜0.30 wt %, silicon (Si) in an amount of 0.05˜0.5 wt %, manganese (Mn) in an amount of 1.0˜2.0 wt %, boron (B) in an amount of 0.0005˜0.0040 wt %, sulfur (S) in an amount of 0.003 wt % or less, phosphorus (P) in an amount of 0.012 wt % or less, one or more selected from among calcium (Ca) in an amount of 0.0010˜0.0040 wt % and copper (Cu) in an amount of 0.05˜1.0 wt %, two or more selected from among cobalt (Co), zirconium (Zr) and antimony (Sb), and iron (Fe). Alloy elements are controlled to increasing hot ductility and enabling pressing at 600˜900° C. so that a tensile strength of 1400 MPa or more and an elongation of 8% or more are obtained after pressing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: Hyundai Steel Company
    Inventors: Taekjoon Kim, Seungha Lee, Seongju Kim
  • Publication number: 20120262266
    Abstract: An alloy is provided which consists of Fe100-a-b-c-d-x-y-zCuaNbbMcTdSixByZz and up to 1 at % impurities, M being one or more of the elements Mo, Ta and Zr, T being one or more of the elements V, Mn, Cr, Co and Ni, Z being one or more of the elements C, P and Ge, 0 at %?a<1.5 at %, 0 at %?b<2 at %, 0 at %?(b+c)<2 at %, 0 at %?d<5 at %, 10 at %<x<18 at %, 5 at %<y<11 at % and 0 at %?z<2 at %. The alloy is configured in tape form and has a nanocrystalline structure in which at least 50 vol % of the grains have an average size of less than 100 nm, a hysteresis loop with a central linear region, a remanence ratio Jr/Js of <0.1 and a coercive field strength Hc to anisotropic field strength Ha ratio of <10%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 16, 2012
    Publication date: October 18, 2012
    Applicant: Vacuumschmelze GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Giselher HERZER, Christian Polak, Viktoria Budinsky
  • Publication number: 20120160363
    Abstract: Provided are high manganese containing ferrous based components and their use in oil, gas and/or petrochemical applications. In one form, the components include 5 to 40 wt % manganese, 0.01 to 3.0 wt % carbon and the balance iron. The components may optionally include one or more alloying elements chosen from chromium, nickel, cobalt, molybdenum, niobium, copper, titanium, vanadium, nitrogen, boron and combinations thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Applicant: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: Hyun Woo Jin, Raghavan Ayer, Douglas Paul Fairchild, Mario L. Macia
  • Publication number: 20120093678
    Abstract: The present invention provides a steel material for automobile chassis parts, having high fatigue characteristics, without a heat treatment, and superior shapeability, and a method of production of such automobile chassis parts. The surface of the steel has a high hardness and the center has a low hardness, providing the superior characteristics. With an annealing step of the invention, it is possible to relieve internal stress and further improve fatigue characteristics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2011
    Publication date: April 19, 2012
    Applicants: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA, NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hideyuki NAKAMURA, Isao Anai, Yasushi Yamamoto, Takaaki Fukushi, Izuru Yamamoto, Masaaki Kondo, Satoru Shimazu
  • Patent number: 8142574
    Abstract: A steel product for welding includes the following component: by mass %, C: 0.3% or less, Si: 0.5% or less, Mn: 0.3˜2%, P: 0.03% or less, S: 0.03% or less, Al: 0.3˜5%, O: 0.003˜0.01%, and N: 0.006% or less; wherein the balance is composed of Fe and inevitable impurities; wherein Al-containing oxides having a size of 0.005 to 0.05 ?m are dispersed in steel at a ratio of 1×106/mm2 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: Nippon Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Akihito Kiyose, Hideaki Yamamura, Tooru Matsumiya
  • Patent number: 8118949
    Abstract: A carburized and tempered hardened steel structure includes an iron based steel alloy including from about 3.7 to about 6 wt % copper, from 6 to about 10 wt % cobalt and from about 1 to about 10 wt % of non-ferrous secondary carbide formation elements selected from any of the group consisting of chromium, molybdenum, vanadium and combinations thereof. At least a percentage of the secondary carbide formation elements are in the form of metal carbides attached to nucleation sites on copper precipitates within a carburized portion of the structure, and wherein the copper precipitates are at least one of i) characterized by a mean copper precipitate radius of from about 0.1 nm to about 5 nm, or ii) characterized by a density of about 2.7×1018 per cubic centimeter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignees: GM Global Technology Operations LLC, Northwestern University
    Inventors: Anil K. Sachdev, Benjamin L. Tiemens, Gregory B. Olson
  • Publication number: 20120018050
    Abstract: In the steel for a surface layer hardening which is treated with carburizing in a temperature range of 800° C. to 900° C., chemical composition thereof contains, by mass %, C: 0.10% to 0.60%, Si: 0.01% to 2.50%, Mn: 0.20% to 2.00%, S: 0.0001% to 0.10%, Cr: 2.00% to 5.00%, Al: 0.001% to 0.50%, N: 0.0020% to 0.020%, P: 0.001% to 0.050%, and O: 0.0001% to 0.0030%; the remaining portion thereof includes Fe and unavoidable impurities; and the total amount of Cr, Si, and Mn satisfies, by mass %, 2.0?Cr+Si+Mn?8.0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 18, 2011
    Publication date: January 26, 2012
    Applicant: JX Nippon Mining & Metals Corporation
    Inventors: Manabu Kubota, Tatsuro Ochi
  • Publication number: 20120014831
    Abstract: The present invention provides a wire rod with a composition at least including: C: 0.95-1.30 mass %; Si: 0.1-1.5 mass %; Mn: 0.1-1.0 mass %; Al: 0-0.1 mass %; Ti: 0-0.1 mass %; P: 0-0.02 mass %; S: 0-0.02 mass %; N: 10-50 ppm; O: 10-40 ppm; and a balance including Fe and inevitable impurities, wherein 97% or more of an area in a cross-section perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the wire rod is occupied by a pearlite, and 0.5% or less of an area in a central area in the cross-section and 0.5% or less of an area in a first surface layer area in the cross-section are occupied by a pro-eutectoid cementite.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 19, 2010
    Publication date: January 19, 2012
    Inventors: Shingo Yamasaki, Toshiyuki Manabe, Daisuke Hirakami, Nariyasu Muroga
  • Patent number: 8083867
    Abstract: Even if produced from a broad amorphous alloy ribbon, a nano crystal soft magnetic alloy, a magnetic core made of a nano crystal soft magnetic alloy, and the amorphous alloy ribbon for a nano crystal soft magnetic alloys which has the excellent alternate magnetic property, the small dispersion, the excellent temporal stability in high temperature, the excellent mass productivity can be provided. An amorphous alloy ribbon, wherein the alloy composition is represented by Fe100-a-b-c-dMaSibBcCd (atomic %), 0<a?10, 0?b?20, 2?c?20, 0<d?2, 9?a+b+c+d?35, and an amorphous alloy ribbon consists of inevitable impurities, and said M is at least one element selected from Ti, V, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Ta, and W, and C concentration takes maximum value at 2-20 nm depth from the surface of said amorphous alloy with equivalent SiO2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshihito Yoshizawa, Yuichi Ogawa
  • Patent number: 8071018
    Abstract: A high carbon hot-rolled steel sheet which is a hot-rolled spheroidizing annealed material, including 0.2 to 0.7% C, 2% or less Si, 2% or less Mn, 0.03% or less P, 0.03% or less S, 0.08% or less Sol.Al., and 0.01% or less N, by mass, which contains carbide having a particle size of smaller than 0.5 ?m in a content of 15% or less by volume to the total amount of carbide, and the difference between the maximum hardness Hv max and the minimum hardness Hv min, ?Hv (=Hv max?Hv min), in the sheet thickness direction being 10 or smaller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Nobusuke Kariya, Norio Kanamoto, Hidekazu Ookubo, Yoshiharu Kusumoto, Takeshi Fujita
  • Publication number: 20110287280
    Abstract: A cold-rolled steel sheet has a chemical composition of C: 0.12% to 0.3%, Si: 0.5% or less, Mn: less than 1.5%, Al: 0.15% or less, N: 0.01% or less, P: 0.02% or less, and S: 0.01% or less, with the remainder including iron and inevitable impurities and has a martensite single-phase structure as its steel microstructure. In a surface region of the steel sheet from the surface to a depth one-tenth the gauge, the number density of n-ary groups of inclusions determined by specific n-th determinations is 120 or less per 100 cm2 of a rolling plane, where the distance in steel sheet rolling direction between outermost surfaces of two outermost particles of the group of inclusions is 100 ?m or more. The steel sheet is a high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet which has a sufficiently minimized rate of bending fracture starting from inclusions and thereby has excellent bending workability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 3, 2011
    Publication date: November 24, 2011
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Atsuhiro SHIRAKI, Sae Hamamoto, Yukihiro Utsumi, Tetsuji Hoshika, Yuichi Futamura
  • Publication number: 20110236696
    Abstract: A high mechanical strength reinforcement steel comprising, in addition to iron, at most about 0.5% by weight carbon, at most about 0.5% by weight vanadium and/or niobium, and the usual residual elements of scrap steel. A method of reinforcing a dwelling from damage resulting from seismic activity, the method comprising providing, as a component of the dwelling, at least one rebar of a composition comprising, in addition to iron, at most about 0.5% by weight carbon, at most about 0.5% by weight vanadium and/or niobium, at most 1.7% by weight of manganese, at most 0.5% by weight of silicon, and the usual residual elements of scrap steel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2010
    Publication date: September 29, 2011
    Inventors: Winky Lai, Cameron A. Cossette, James F. Petersen
  • Publication number: 20110229362
    Abstract: A non-oriented electrical steel sheet contains: C: not less than 0.003 mass % nor more than 0.05 mass %; N: not less than 0.001 mass % nor more than 0.01 mass %; and Si: not less than 2.8 mass % nor more than 3.5 mass %. The non-oriented electrical steel sheet further contains at least one kind selected from a group consisting of Ni: 4.0 mass % or less and Mn: 2.0 mass % or less, in a total amount of 0.5 mass % or more, and further contains Ti, a value RTi being not less than 1 nor more than 10, the value RTi being expressed by [Ti]/(4×([C]+[N])) when a Ti content is expressed as [Ti] mass %, a C content is expressed as [C] mass %, and an N content is expressed as [N] mass %. An Al content is 3.0 mass % or less, and a P content is 0.2 mass % or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 19, 2010
    Publication date: September 22, 2011
    Inventor: Takeshi Kubota
  • Publication number: 20110159314
    Abstract: The quenchable steel sheet has an alloy composition including carbon (C) in an amount of 0.15˜0.30 wt %, silicon (Si) in an amount of 0.05˜0.5 wt %, manganese (Mn) in an amount of 1.0˜2.0 wt %, boron (B) in an amount of 0.0005˜0.0040 wt %, sulfur (S) in an amount of 0.003 wt % or less, phosphorus (P) in an amount of 0.012 wt % or less, one or more selected from among calcium (Ca) in an amount of 0.0010˜0.0040 wt % and copper (Cu) in an amount of 0.05˜1.0 wt %, two or more selected from among cobalt (Co), zirconium (Zr) and antimony (Sb), and iron (Fe). Alloy elements are controlled to increasing hot ductility and enabling pressing at 600˜900° C. so that a tensile strength of 1400 MPa or more and an elongation of 8% or more are obtained after pressing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 17, 2011
    Publication date: June 30, 2011
    Applicant: HYUNDAI STEEL COMPANY
    Inventors: Taekjoon KIM, Seungha LEE, Seongju KIM
  • Publication number: 20110129381
    Abstract: The present invention provides a high-tensile steel material having a tensile strength of the 550 MPa class or more which can simultaneously raise the strength and toughness of the heat affected zone of weld to equal those of the matrix and a method of production of the same, that is, a high-tensile steel material with excellent weldability and toughness and with tensile strength of the 550 MPa class or more containing, by mass %, C: 0.005 to 0.10%, W: 0.10 to 3.0%, Nb: 0.010 to 0.080%, and V: 0.010 to 0.50%, limiting the Ti to less than 0.005%, satisfying equation; EC=2[C]?[Nb]/9?[V]/12>0.020, having an amount of precipitation of W contained in the steel material, in terms of analytical value obtained by quantitative analysis of potential electrolysis extraction residue by fluorescent X-ray analysis, of 0.0050% or less, and having 60% or more of its structural composition in a cross-section of the steel as a bainite structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 2, 2005
    Publication date: June 2, 2011
    Applicant: NIPON STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yasushi Hasegawa, Naoki Saitoh, Youichi Tanaka
  • Publication number: 20110085931
    Abstract: A magnetic alloy having a composition represented by the general formula of Fe100-x-yCuxBy (atomic %), wherein x and y are numbers meeting the conditions of 0.1?x?3, and 10?y?20, or the general formula of Fe100-x-y-zCuxByXz (atomic %), wherein X is at least one element selected from the group consisting of Si, S, C, P, Al, Ge, Ga and Be, and x, y and z are numbers meeting the conditions of 0.1?x?3, 10?y?20, 0<z?10, and 10<y+z?24), the magnetic alloy having a structure containing crystal grains having an average diameter of 60 nm or less in an amorphous matrix, and a saturation magnetic flux density of 1.7 T or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 2, 2010
    Publication date: April 14, 2011
    Applicant: HITACHI METALS, LTD.
    Inventors: Motoki OHTA, Yoshihito YOSHIZAWA
  • Patent number: 7922968
    Abstract: Provided are a steel sheet for an automotive muffler and a method for producing the steel sheet. The steel sheet includes 0.01% by weight or less of C, 0.1 to 0.3% by weight of Si, 0.3 to 0.5% by weight of Mn, 0.015% by weight or less of P, 0.015% or less by weight of S, 0.02 to 0.05% by weight of Al, 0.004% or less of N, 0.2 to 0.6% by weight of Cu, 0.01 to 0.04% by weight of Co, and a remainder of Fe and unavoidable impurities. The method includes 0.01% by weight or less of C, 0.1 to 0.3% by weight of Si, 0.3 to 0.5% by weight of Mn, 0.015% by weight or less of P, 0.015% or less by weight of S, 0.02 to 0.05% by weight of Al, 0.004% or less of N, 0.2 to 0.6% by weight of Cu, 0.01 to 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2011
    Assignee: Posco
    Inventors: Won-Ho Son, Jai-Ik Kim, Seung-Hee Lee, Jeong-Bong Yoon, Hee-Man Son
  • Patent number: 7922838
    Abstract: The present invention provides: a steel for a welded structure to be used for a crude oil tank that exhibits excellent general and local corrosion resistance in crude oil corrosion caused in a steel oil tank and is capable of suppressing the formation of corrosion products (sludge) containing solid sulfur; a method for producing said steel; a crude oil tank; and a method for preventing a crude oil tank against corrosion. The present invention makes it possible to obtain general and local corrosion resistance in a crude oil tank environment and suppress the formation of corrosion products (sludge) containing solid sulfur by using a steel: containing, in mass, 0.001 to 0.2% C, 0.01 to 2.5% Si, 0.1 to 2% Mn, 0.03% or less P, 0.007% or less S, 0.01 to 1.5% Cu, 0.001 to 0.3% Al, 0.001 to 0.01% N as basic components and, further, 0.01 to 0.2% Mo and/or 0.01 to 0.5% W; and preferably satisfying the following expression; Solute Mo+Solute W?0.005%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2011
    Assignee: Nippon Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Akira Usami, Kenji Katoh, Toshiei Hasegawa, Akira Shishibori
  • Patent number: 7910512
    Abstract: To provide a production process of an electrode catalyst for fuel cell whose initial voltage is high and whose endurance characteristics, especially, whose voltage drop being caused by high-potential application is less. A production process according to the present invention of an electrode catalyst for fuel cell is characterized in that: it includes: a dispersing step of dispersing a conductive support in a solution; a loading step of dropping a platinum-salt solution, a base-metal-salt solution and an iridium-salt solution to the resulting dispersion liquid, thereby loading respective metallic salts on the conductive support as hydroxides under an alkaline condition; and an alloying step of heating the conductive support with metallic hydroxides loaded in a reducing atmosphere to reduce them, thereby alloying them.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2011
    Assignee: Cataler Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroaki Takahashi, Sozaburo Ohashi, Tetsuo Kawamura, Yousuke Horiuchi, Toshiharu Tabata, Tomoaki Terada, Takahiro Nagata, Susumu Enomoto
  • Patent number: 7905966
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of producing a strip of nanocrystalline material which is obtained from a wound ribbon that is cast in an amorphous state, having atomic composition [Fe1?a?bCoaNib]100?x?y?z??????CuxSiyBzNb?M??M??, M? being at least one of elements V, Cr, Al and Zn, and M? being at least one of elements C, Ge, P, Ga, Sb, In and Be, with: a ?0.07 and b ?0.1, 0.5 ?x ?1.5 and 2 ???5, 10?y?16.9 and 5?z?8, ??2 and ??2. According to the invention, the amorphous ribbon is subjected to crystallization annealing, in which the ribbon undergoes annealing in the unwound state, passing through at least two S-shaped blocks under voltage along an essentially longitudinal axial direction of the ribbon, such that the ribbon is maintained at an annealing temperature of between 530° C. and 700° C. for between 5 and 120 seconds and under axial tensile stress of between 2 and 1000 MPa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: Imphy Alloys
    Inventors: Thierry Waeckerle, Thierry Save, Alain Demier
  • Patent number: 7875130
    Abstract: The present invention provides: a steel for a welded structure to be used for a crude oil tank that exhibits excellent general and local corrosion resistance in crude oil corrosion caused in a steel oil tank and is capable of suppressing the formation of corrosion products (sludge) containing solid sulfur; a method for producing said steel; a crude oil tank; and a method for preventing a crude oil tank against corrosion. The present invention makes it possible to obtain general and local corrosion resistance in a crude oil tank environment and suppress the formation of corrosion products (sludge) containing solid sulfur by using a steel: containing, in mass, 0.001 to 0.2% C, 0.01 to 2.5% Si, 0.1 to 2% Mn, 0.03% or less P, 0.007% or less S, 0.01 to 1.5% Cu, 0.001 to 0.3% Al, 0.001 to 0.01% N as basic components and, further, 0.01 to 0.2% Mo and/or 0.01 to 0.5% W; and preferably satisfying the following expression; Solute Mo+Solute W?0.005%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Assignee: Nippon Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Akira Usami, Kenji Katoh, Toshiei Hasegawa, Akira Shishibori