With Liquid Present Patents (Class 422/140)
  • Patent number: 10676683
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a process to prepare a char product and a syngas mixture comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide from a solid biomass feed comprising the following steps: (i) performing a continuously operated partial oxidation of the solid biomass feed at a gas temperature of between 700 and 1100° C. and at a solids residence time of less than 5 seconds, (ii) continuously separating the formed char particles as the char product from the formed gaseous fraction and (iii) subjecting the gaseous fraction obtained in step (ii) to a continuously operated partial oxidation and/or to a steam reforming to obtain the syngas mixture. The solid biomass feed has been obtained by torrefaction of a starting material comprising lignocellulose and is a sieve fraction wherein 99 wt % of the solid biomass particles is smaller than 2 mm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: TORRGAS TECHNOLOGY B.V.
    Inventors: Robert Hugo Berends, Robin Pieter Post Van Der Burg
  • Patent number: 10618818
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for preparing higher-value products from carbonaceous feedstocks. The process includes converting carbonaceous feedstock in a hydromethanation reactor to a methane-enriched raw product stream, converting the methane-enriched raw product stream to an ammonia synthesis feed gas, then converting the ammonia synthesis feed gas to higher-value products such as ammonia and urea.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Assignee: Sure Champion Investment Limited
    Inventor: Avinash Sirdeshpande
  • Patent number: 10441932
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an apparatus for gas-liquid distribution. More specifically, the present invention relates to a gas-liquid distribution device that may be used in an ionic liquid co-current gas and liquid up-flow reactor designed to distribute gas uniformly across the reactor cross section through restriction orifices on distributors located across the distribution tray.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Zhanping Xu, Daniel A. Kauff, Robert J. Sanger, Sathit Kulprathipanja, Emadoddin Abbasi
  • Patent number: 10392593
    Abstract: This disclosure is directed to methods and systems for growing and/or harvesting cells. The method can include seeding cells on a plurality of carriers. The method can also include incubating the carriers under conditions suitable for cell growth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: PLURISTEM LTD.
    Inventors: Harel Kasuto, Ohad Karnieli, Dotan Hoffman, Lior Raviv
  • Patent number: 10376852
    Abstract: The invention relates to apparatus and a process for mixing a gas/vapour with a process liquid comprising a material and a carrier liquid. The apparatus comprises a passage (10) of polygonal cross section having an inlet (14), an outlet (16) for a process liquid comprising the material, and a nozzle (24) for introducing supersonic gas/vapour at a mixing zone (42) in a single plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: Hydramach Limited
    Inventors: Richard Hefford Hobbs, Martin Prescott
  • Patent number: 10280753
    Abstract: There is provided a method of producing a product. The method comprises: supplying electricity generated in a photovoltaic cell arrangement and a piston engine, respectively, to electrolytic and catalytic reactions that are heated by concentrated sunlight; reacting carbon dioxide and water in the heated electrolytic and catalytic reactions to form a pressurized product, such as pressurized methanol; and expanding the pressurized product in the piston engine to generate electricity. There is also provided a system for production of the product as well as devices to be used in the method or system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: SUNTHETICS AB
    Inventor: Stefan Larsson Mastonstråle
  • Patent number: 10130748
    Abstract: This document provides bioartificial liver (BAL) devices. Methods for making and using BAL devices also are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2018
    Assignee: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
    Inventors: Scott L. Nyberg, Stephen M. Corner, Bruce Amiot
  • Patent number: 9803919
    Abstract: An apparatus (1) and method for drying polymer powders is described. The apparatus has an inlet (2) and an outlet (3) for the polymer powder, heat registers (5) installed in the interior space (4) and lines (7) for a heated gas (6a) for drying the polymer powder. The lines open into the interior space (4) and are connected to heat exchangers (9) for heating gas (6). The heat exchangers (9) are connected to a plant for the preparation of 1,2-dichloroethane (15) and/or for the preparation of vinyl chloride from 1,2-dichloroethane so that thermal energy from the plant can be utilized for heating the gas (6). The method comprises treatment of a polymer powder with a heated gas (6a) in the drying apparatus (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignees: THYSSENKRUPP UHDE GMBH, VINNOLIT GMBH & CO. KG
    Inventors: Michael Benje, Peter Kammerhofer
  • Patent number: 9708206
    Abstract: Techniques are described that relate to enhancing flocculation and dewatering of thick fine tailings, for example by reducing process oscillations. One example method includes dispersing a flocculant into thick fine tailings having a turbulent flow regime to produce turbulent flocculating tailings; subjecting the turbulent flocculating tailings to shear to build up flocs and increase yield stress, to produce a flocculated material having a non-turbulent flow regime; and shear conditioning the flocculated material to decrease the yield stress and produce conditioned flocculated tailings within a water release zone; and dewatering the conditioned flocculated tailings, for example by employing sub-aerial deposition. The thick fine tailings may have a Bingham Reynolds Number of at least 40,000 upon flocculant addition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: SUNCOR ENERGY INC.
    Inventors: Trevor Bugg, Ana Sanchez, Adrian Revington, James Patrick Macaulay
  • Patent number: 9630130
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a tube sheet by forming a plurality of separate thin tube sheet segments; forming multiple holes in each sheet in a predetermined pattern, each hole for accommodating a tube sheet filter tube; aligning all of the plurality of tube sheet segments so that the hole pattern of each sheet aligns with the hole pattern in all other sheets of the plurality of tube sheet segments; and securing all of the tube sheet segments together to form a unitary tube sheet. A tube sheet construction that includes a plurality of separate thin tube sheet segments, multiple holes being provided in each sheet in a predetermined pattern, each hole for accommodating a tube sheet filter tube, all of the tube sheet segments being aligning so that the hole pattern of each sheet aligns, and fasteners for securing all of the tube sheet segments together. A media layer is provided between adjacent sheet segments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: Neptune-Benson, LLC
    Inventor: Paul F. Nehlen, III
  • Patent number: 9523042
    Abstract: Methods and fuel processing apparatuses for upgrading a pyrolysis oil stream and a hydrocarbon stream are provided herein. In an embodiment, a method for upgrading a pyrolysis oil stream and a hydrocarbon stream includes providing a pyrolysis oil stream and providing a hydrocarbon stream separate from the pyrolysis oil stream. The pyrolysis oil stream and the hydrocarbon stream are mixed in a mixing zone and in the absence of a particulate cracking catalyst. The pyrolysis oil stream and the hydrocarbon stream are introduced in a substantially common direction into the mixing zone to form a mixture of the pyrolysis oil stream and the hydrocarbon stream. The mixture of the pyrolysis oil stream and the hydrocarbon stream are catalytically cracked in the presence of the particulate cracking catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Lance Awender Baird, Paolo Palmas
  • Patent number: 9518729
    Abstract: Methods are disclosed for providing recovered lignin of suitable quantity and quality to provide sufficient heating value to power the generation of supercritical or near critical water without the need for outside sources of energy. Supercritical or near critical water generator devices and systems are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Assignee: Renmatix, Inc.
    Inventor: Michel Adam Simard
  • Patent number: 9499453
    Abstract: A catalyst filling apparatus is for a bubble column slurry bed reactor for the FT synthesis reaction. The apparatus includes: a slurry preparation tank installed adjacent to the reactor and configured to prepare a slurry S from a FT synthesis reaction catalyst and a slurry preparation oil; an upper part communication line configured to direct the slurry from the reactor to the slurry preparation tank; a lower part communication line configured to direct the slurry in the slurry preparation tank to the reactor; and a pressure equalizing line configured to communicate the reactor with the slurry preparation tank. The upper part communication line is downwardly inclined from the reactor toward the slurry preparation tank, and the lower part communication line is upwardly inclined from the reactor toward the slurry preparation tank. An inert gas introduction device is provided on the slurry preparation tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Assignees: Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation, INPEX CORPORATION, JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation, Japan Petroleum Exploration Co., Ltd., COSMO OIL CO., LTD., NIPPON STEEL & SUMKIN ENGINEERING CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Kazuhiko Tasaka
  • Patent number: 9314760
    Abstract: A continuous fixed-bed catalytic reactor includes an inflow path for raw material gas for a catalytic reaction and an outflow path for reformed gas, a catalytic reaction container that is connected to the inflow path and the outflow path and holds a clumpy catalyst, catalyst holders that have a ventilation property and hold the clumpy catalyst, and a driving mechanism that moves the clumpy catalyst up and down by moving the catalyst holders up and down.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Nobuaki Ito, Kimihito Suzuki, Kenichiro Fujimoto, Kenji Nakao
  • Patent number: 9227790
    Abstract: A method and a system are provided for feeding a biomass material feed into a fluidized bed gasifier. The system includes a first plurality of screw conveyors disposed circumferentially around and connected to or integral with a gasifier shell of the fluidized bed gasifier, such that each of the first plurality of screw conveyors is in feed communication with a gasifier chamber defined by the gasifier shell. The system also includes a plurality of secondary receptacles, each individually coupled to a respective screw conveyor of the first plurality of screw conveyors, such that each of the plurality of secondary receptacles includes a secondary receptacle shell defining a secondary receptacle chamber in feed communication with the respective screw conveyor. The system further includes a plurality of primary receptacles, each including a primary receptacle shell defining a primary receptacle chamber in feed communication with at least two of the plurality of secondary receptacles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2016
    Assignee: Dresser-Rand Company
    Inventor: Ernesto Esperanza Perez
  • Patent number: 9181492
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for producing a hydrocarbon oil by performing a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reaction using a reactor for a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis including a reaction apparatus having a slurry containing catalyst particles and a gaseous phase located above the slurry to obtain a hydrocarbon oil, wherein the Fischer-Tropsch reaction is performed while controlling a temperature of the slurry so that a difference T2?T1 between the average temperature T1 of the slurry and a temperature T2 at the liquid level of the slurry in contact with the gaseous phase is 5 to 30° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Assignees: JAPAN OIL, GAS AND METALS NATIONAL CORPORATION, INPEX CORPORATION, JX NIPPON OIL & ENERGY CORPORATION, JAPAN PETROLEUM EXPLORATION CO., LTD., COSMO OIL CO., LTD., NIPPON STEEL & SUMIKIN ENGINEERING CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Yuichi Tanaka
  • Patent number: 9163124
    Abstract: A system and method for producing solid pellets from a slurry HDC pitch is disclosed which utilizes a polymer additive that is mixed with the pitch to increase the softening point of the solid pellets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: William Ernest Lewis, Randolph John Smiley, Patrick Loring Hanks
  • Patent number: 9127212
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for fluid catalytic cracking feeds catalyst to a chamber of a riser. The catalyst exits the chamber and passes through a plenum and into a reaction zone through a plurality of tubes which distribute the catalyst uniformly over a cross section of the reaction zone of the riser. A hydrocarbon feed is fed to the plenum. The hydrocarbon feed passes from the plenum into the reaction zone through a plate comprising a multiplicity of openings which distribute the hydrocarbon feed uniformly over a cross section of the reaction zone of the riser. The feed is contacted with the catalyst in a reaction zone of the riser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Sujay R. Krishnamurthy
  • Patent number: 9039980
    Abstract: A slurry bubble column reactor with a gas distribution arrangement comprising an upper sparger, a lower sparger, and an open-ended tube. Gas from the lower sparger enters the tube and lowers the density of slurry in the tube. The difference in slurry density causes the slurry in the tube to rise, causing slurry outside the tube to move down, maintaining circulation and flushing catalyst from the vessel wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: GTL.FI AG
    Inventors: Manfred Ruppel, Thomas Gutermuth, Dag Schanke, Pal Soraker
  • Patent number: 9028760
    Abstract: Disclosed is a device for carrying out liquid/solid oxidation-reduction reactions in a fluidized bed including a reactor body extending along a longitudinal axis, means for injecting a solution to be processed via a first end of the reactor body along the longitudinal axis, means for performing feeding of a reactive metal via a second end of the reactor body opposite the first end along the longitudinal axis, means for stirring the solution in the reactor body, and a finishing compartment mounted at the second end of the reactor body and connected to means for expelling the processed solution. The reactor body includes two distinct reaction chambers, each reaction chamber having a constant cross-section perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis, said cross-sections of the two reaction chambers being different and increasing from the first end to the second end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Inventor: Franck Lançon
  • Publication number: 20150123039
    Abstract: The invention relates to a rotary disc device (1) in a rotary fluidised bed, the outer edge of said disc rotating inside, and faster than, the fluidised bed, thereby allowing: the rotation speed of the fluidised bed to be accelerated, solid particles and/or micro-droplets to be supplied to the fluidised bed or to the free central area, and different annular areas of the fluidised bed to be separated. The invention also relates to methods for transforming solid particles or micro-droplets on contact with the fluids flowing through the rotary fluidised bed or for transforming fluids on contact with solids in suspension in the rotary fluidised bed, using said device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 4, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventor: Axel De Broqueville
  • Patent number: 9005431
    Abstract: A process and apparatus described is for distributing hydrocarbon feed to catalyst in a riser. Hydrocarbon feed is delivered to a plenum in the riser. Nozzles from the plenum inject feed into the riser to contact the catalyst. Streams of regenerated catalyst and carbonized catalyst may be passed to the riser and mixed around an insert in a lower section of a riser. The plenum may be located in the riser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Roger L. Throndson, Paolo Palmas, Lev Davydov, Mohammad-Reza Mostofi-Ashtiani
  • Publication number: 20150064070
    Abstract: A catalyst filling apparatus is for a bubble column slurry bed reactor for the FT synthesis reaction. The apparatus includes: a slurry preparation tank installed adjacent to the reactor and configured to prepare a slurry S from a FT synthesis reaction catalyst and a slurry preparation oil; an upper part communication line configured to direct the slurry from the reactor to the slurry preparation tank; a lower part communication line configured to direct the slurry in the slurry preparation tank to the reactor; and a pressure equalizing line configured to communicate the reactor with the slurry preparation tank. The upper part communication line is downwardly inclined from the reactor toward the slurry preparation tank, and the lower part communication line is upwardly inclined from the reactor toward the slurry preparation tank. An inert gas introduction device is provided on the slurry preparation tank.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventor: Kazuhiko Tasaka
  • Publication number: 20150056103
    Abstract: Embodiments of apparatuses and risers for reacting a feedstock in the presence of a catalyst and methods for installing a baffle in such risers are provided. In one example, a riser comprises a sidewall that defines a cylindrical housing surrounding an interior. A plurality of baffle assemblies is releasably coupled to the sidewall and each comprises a baffle section. The baffle sections together define a segmented baffle ring extending inwardly in the interior.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 21, 2013
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Daniel Robert Johnson
  • Patent number: 8961743
    Abstract: An improved rapid thermal conversion process for efficiently converting wood, other biomass materials, and other carbonaceous feedstock (including hydrocarbons) into high yields of valuable liquid product, e.g., bio-oil, on a large scale production, is disclosed. In the process, biomass material, e.g., wood, is fed to a conversion system where the biomass material is mixed with an upward stream of hot heat carriers, e.g., sand, that thermally convert the biomass into a hot vapor stream. The hot vapor stream is rapidly quenched with quench media in one or more condensing chambers located downstream of the conversion system. The rapid quenching condenses the vapor stream into liquid product, which is collected from the condensing chambers as a valuable liquid product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Ensyn Renewables, Inc.
    Inventor: Barry Freel
  • Patent number: 8936761
    Abstract: Embodiments of apparatuses and risers for reacting a feedstock in the presence of a catalyst and methods for fabricating such risers are provided. In one example, a riser comprises a sidewall that defines a cylindrical housing surrounding an interior. The sidewall has a groove formed therein disposed about the interior. A plurality of baffle sections is disposed in the groove. The baffle sections are configured to be packed together in the groove to define a packed condition and to be moved in the groove so as to spread out the baffle sections from the packed condition to define an expanded condition and form a baffle ring. The baffle ring extends inwardly in the interior.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Michael S. Sandacz, Robert L. Mehlberg
  • Publication number: 20140371334
    Abstract: A method of operating a slurry phase apparatus includes feeding one or more gaseous reactants into a slurry body of solid particulate material suspended in a suspension liquid contained inside a vessel. The one or more gaseous reactants are fed into the slurry body through a gas distributor having downward facing gas outlets and are fed towards a fluid impermeable partition spanning across the vessel below the gas distributor. The partition divides the vessel into a slurry volume above the partition and a bottom volume below the partition. A differential pressure is maintained over the partition between predefined limits by manipulating or allowing changes in the pressure in the bottom volume by employing a pressure transfer passage establishing flow or pressure communication between the bottom volume and a head space above the slurry body.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Applicant: SASOL TECHNOLOGY (PROPRIETARY) LIMITED
    Inventors: André Peter Steynberg, Evert Phillippus Kleynhans, Marshall Stephen Lee, Hermanus Gerhardus Nel, Jako Louw
  • Patent number: 8906314
    Abstract: A bubble column reactor includes a reactor body which contains a slurry having solid catalyst particles suspended in a liquid, an inflow port which is provided at the bottom of the reactor body and allows a synthesis gas including a carbon monoxide gas and a hydrogen gas as the main components to flow into the slurry therethrough, and an outflow port which is provided at the top of the reactor body and allows gaseous hydrocarbons synthesized by a chemical reaction between the synthesis gas and the slurry, an unreacted synthesis gas, and the like to flow out therethrough. The distance in a vertical direction between the liquid surface of the slurry and the outflow port is 1.4 m or more and 10 m or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignees: Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation, Inpex Corporation, JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation, Japan Petroleum Exploration Co., Ltd., Cosmo Oil Co., Ltd., Nippon Steel Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Onishi, Yuzuru Kato, Eiichi Yamada, Atsushi Murata, Osamu Wakamura
  • Publication number: 20140357917
    Abstract: A riser includes a housing in communication with a entry conduit and an exit conduit. The housing is defined by a holdup chamber having a volume of between about 1133 liters and about 45307 liters. The riser is designed to receive a hydrocarbon feed and a catalyst. An apparatus for fluid catalytic cracking includes a riser in fluid communication with a reactor vessel. A hydrocarbon feed stream and a catalyst travel through a first section of the riser at a first velocity of between about 1.5 m/sec to about 10 m/sec and through a second section of the riser at a second velocity of more than about 15 m/sec. A process for fluid catalytic cracking uses a riser with a holdup chamber. A hydrocarbon feed and a catalyst decrease in velocity in the holdup chamber to between 1.5 m/sec and 10 m/sec.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2013
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Patrick D. Walker, Matthew Lippmann, Mark Schnaith
  • Patent number: 8894939
    Abstract: A reactor for carrying out a chemical reaction in a three phase slurry system providing a horizontal reaction vessel with a cross sectional area which is dependent on the vessel length, vessel diameter, and axial position. The vessel has a gas inlet at or near the bottom of the reaction vessel and a gas distributor. The gas product exits the vessel by conduit means at or near the top of the reaction vessel. The vessel includes a plurality of horizontal cooling coils to provide a cooling medium to the slurry. In the reaction vessel, the synthesis gas has an average linear velocity which is a function of the vessel cross sectional area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Emerging Fuels Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Rafael Espinoza, Kenneth L. Agee
  • Publication number: 20140341784
    Abstract: Integrating a biomass pyrolysis and upgrading process into a fluid catalytic cracking unit. The process uses conventional FCC feed and a mixture of a solvent and biomass to produce upgraded fuel products. A slurry stream composed of solid biomass particles and a solvent is fed into an FCC riser through a slurry pump to achieve biomass pyrolysis and in situ pyrolysis oil upgrading. The catalytic cracking of the conventional petroleum feed also occurs in the riser.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2014
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: PHILLIPS 66 COMPANY
    Inventors: Kening GONG, Alexandru PLATON, Terry S. CANTU, Daren E. DAUGAARD
  • Patent number: 8888899
    Abstract: Systems and methods for gasifying a feedstock are provided. A gasifier can include a transfer line having a first leg and a second leg. A first end of the first leg can be adapted to be coupled to a cyclone and a second end of the first leg can be coupled to a first end of the second leg. The second end of the second leg can be adapted to be coupled to a standpipe. A centerline through the first leg can be oriented at an angle with a centerline through the second leg of from about 40° to about 140°.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Kellogg Brown & Root LLC
    Inventors: Iwan H. Chan, Yongchao Li
  • Patent number: 8877132
    Abstract: Fluid catalytic cracking units having risers with improved hydrodynamics through the use of baffles are described. The baffles break up the high concentration of catalyst in the slower moving outer annulus and redistribute it into the faster moving, more dilute center of the riser flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Daniel R. Johnson, Lev Davydov
  • Publication number: 20140316176
    Abstract: A system and method produce hydrocarbons from biomass by fluid catalytic cracking. In one embodiment, the system is a fluid catalytic cracking system. The system includes a riser. The riser contains a catalyst. The system also includes a biological feed comprising biomass-derived liquid for the riser. In addition, the system includes a hydrocarbon feed comprising hydrocarbons for the riser. The biological feed and the hydrocarbons react in the riser in the presence of the catalyst to convert at least a portion of the biological feed and the hydrocarbons to hydrocarbon products. The hydrocarbon products comprise a concentration of oxygen from about 0.005 wt. % to about 6 wt. %.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 19, 2013
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Applicants: Albemarie Corporation, Phillips 66 Company
    Inventors: Kristi A. Fjare, TiePan Shi, Constantino Badra, Terry S. Cantu, Milena Vasic, Ruben Van Duren, Marty Pronk, Leen Gerritsen
  • Patent number: 8865079
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon synthesis reaction apparatus includes a reactor, and a synthesis gas supply line through which a synthesis gas is supplied to the reactor, and syntheses hydrocarbons by contacting the synthesis gas and the catalyst slurry in the reactor. The hydrocarbon synthesis reaction apparatus includes a spare supply line which is connected to the synthesis gas supply line, and supplies inert gas or hydrogen gas to the reactor through the synthesis gas supply line when supply of the synthesis gas to the synthesis gas supply line from the synthesis gas supply device is stopped, and a fluid heating device which heats at least one of a fluid which flows through a flowing line of the synthesis gas supply line located closer to the reactor than a portion connected with the spare supply line, and a fluid which flows through the spare supply line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignees: Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation, Inpex Corporation, JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation, Japan Petroleum Exploration Co., Ltd., Cosmo Oil Co., Ltd., Nippon Steel Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Onishi, Yuzuru Kato, Eiichi Yamada
  • Patent number: 8852516
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a continuous separation and discharge apparatus and method of solid catalysts and liquid products for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reactions, and more particularly, to a continuous separation and discharge apparatus and method of solid catalysts and products for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reactions involving the conversion of synthetic gas into synthetic oil, by which products of the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis including wax, as a long-chain hydrocarbon, can be stably obtained by continuously separating the products from a slurry comprising solid catalyst particles and the products using periodic pulses of a feeding gas and discharging the products through a lower portion of a reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignees: Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Daelim Industrial Co., Ltd., Korea National Oil Corporation, Hyundai Engineering Co., Ltd., SK Innovation Co., Ltd., Korea Gas Corporation
    Inventors: Kwang Jae Woo, Ki-won Jun, Suk-Hwan Kang, Seung-Moon Kim, Jong-Wook Bae
  • Patent number: 8840846
    Abstract: An apparatus for catalytic cracking of feedstock includes a first channel in which a feedstock is treated with an adsorbent to obtain a treated intermediate. The apparatus further comprises a separator-reactor vessel. The separator-reactor vessel includes an adsorbent separating region to remove the adsorbent from the treated intermediate. The separator-reactor vessel further includes a second channel connected to the adsorbent separating region. The treated intermediate is contacted with a catalyst in the second channel to produce a cracking yield. The second channel terminates in a catalyst separating region of the separator-reactor vessel. The catalyst is removed from the cracking yield in the catalyst separating region. The separator-reactor vessel further includes a physical partition disposed between the adsorbent separating region and the catalyst separating region to separate the two regions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Indian Oil Corporation Ltd.
    Inventors: Debasis Bhattacharyya, Gadari Saidulu, Arumugam Velayutham Karthikeyani, Pankaj Kasliwal, Bandaru Venkata Hari Prasad Gupta, Ram Mohan Thakur, Jagdev Kumar Dixit, Sudipta Roy, Ganga Shanker Mishra, Satyen Kumar Das, Santanam Rajagopal
  • Publication number: 20140271379
    Abstract: Techniques for converting a portion of a carbonate to hydroxide include receiving an alkaline carbonate solution that includes between 0.1M (moles per liter of solution) to 4.0M hydroxide and between 0.1M to 4.1M carbonate; reacting, in a slaking process, quicklime (CaO) and a low carbonate content fluid to yield a slurry of primarily slaked lime (Ca(OH)2); and reacting the Ca(OH)2 slurry and the alkaline carbonate solution to grow calcium carbonate (CaCO3) crystal aggregates of 0.0005 mm3 to 5 mm3 in volume in a fluidized-bed reactive crystallizer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 9, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Carbon Engineering Limited Partnership
    Inventors: Kenton Robert Heidel, Jane Anne Ritchie, Arvinder Pal Singh Kainth, David William Keith
  • Patent number: 8815165
    Abstract: A system for distributing particulate material into a particulate vessel includes a particulate material distributor for introducing the particulate material into the particulate vessel. The particulate material distributor includes a declined header that defines a plurality of orifices that are spaced along a length of the declined header for accommodating flow of particulate material from the declined header. The system also includes a vessel level controller for controlling a level of the particulate material in the particulate vessel. The vessel level controller controls flow of the particulate material through one or more of the orifices in the declined header through adjustment of the level of particulate material in the particulate vessel between the plurality of orifices in the declined header. A FCC unit including the system is also provided, along with a method for distributing particulate material into a particulate vessel using the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Patrick D. Walker
  • Publication number: 20140219877
    Abstract: Disclosed is a device for carrying out liquid/solid oxidation-reduction reactions in a fluidized bed including a reactor body extending along a longitudinal axis, means for injecting a solution to be processed via a first end of the reactor body along the longitudinal axis, means for performing feeding of a reactive metal via a second end of the reactor body opposite the first end along the longitudinal axis, means for stirring the solution in the reactor body, and a finishing compartment mounted at the second end of the reactor body and connected to means for expelling the processed solution. The reactor body includes two distinct reaction chambers, each reaction chamber having a constant cross-section perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis, said cross-sections of the two reaction chambers being different and increasing from the first end to the second end.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2012
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Inventor: Franck Lançon
  • Publication number: 20140221709
    Abstract: A process for upgrading residuum hydrocarbons is disclosed. The process may include: contacting a residuum hydrocarbon fraction and hydrogen with a first hydroconversion catalyst in a first ebullated bed hydroconversion reactor system; recovering a first effluent from the first ebullated bed hydroconversion reactor system; solvent deasphalting a vacuum residuum fraction to produce a deasphalted oil fraction and an asphalt fraction; contacting the deasphalted oil fraction and hydrogen with a second hydroconversion catalyst in a second hydroconversion reactor system; recovering a second effluent from the second hydroconversion reactor system; and fractionating the first effluent from the first ebullated bed hydroconversion reactor system and the second effluent from the second hydroconversion reactor system to recover one or more hydrocarbon fractions and the vacuum residuum fraction in a common fractionation system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2013
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: LUMMUS TECHNOLOGY INC.
    Inventors: Mario C. Baldassari, Ujjal K. Mukherjee, Ann-Marie Olsen, Marvin I. Greene
  • Patent number: 8790601
    Abstract: Disclosed are process and apparatus for vertical splitting of the oxygen supply to a post-oxidation reactor. Further disclosed are process and apparatus for supplying reaction medium to a post-oxidation reactor at a mid-level inlet. Such apparatus and process can assist in reducing oxygen pinch throughout the post-oxidation reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Grupo Petrotemex, S.A. de C.V.
    Inventors: Ashfaq Shaikh, David Lange
  • Publication number: 20140178257
    Abstract: One exemplary embodiment can include a slurry hydrocracking process. The process can include combining one or more hydrocarbons and a slurry hydrocracking catalyst as a feed to a slurry hydrocracking reaction zone, fractionating an effluent from the slurry hydrocracking reaction zone, separating the pitch from at least a portion of the slurry hydrocracking catalyst, and recycling the suspension to the slurry hydrocracking reaction zone. The slurry hydrocracking catalyst may include a support. Fractionating the effluent may provide a light vacuum gas oil, a heavy vacuum gas oil, and a mixture comprising a pitch and the slurry hydrocracking catalyst. Generally, the separated slurry hydrocracking catalyst is comprised in a suspension.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2014
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Robert S. Haizmann
  • Publication number: 20140179968
    Abstract: A producing method of monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in which reaction products including monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are produced by bringing an oil feedstock and an aromatic production catalyst into contact with each other, the oil feedstock having a 10 volume % distillation temperature of more than or equal to 140° C. and a 90 volume % distillation temperature of less than or equal to 380° C., the method including the steps of: introducing the oil feedstock into a fluidized-bed reaction apparatus housing the aromatic production catalyst; bringing the oil feedstock and the aromatic production catalyst into contact with each other in the fluidized-bed reaction apparatus; and introducing steam into the fluidized-bed reaction apparatus based on the introducing amount of the oil feedstock per hour.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2012
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicants: CHIYODA CORPORATION, JX NIPPON OIL & ENERGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shinichiro Yanagawa, Yasuyuki Iwasa, Susumu Yasui, Yoshishige Sugi, Atsushi Fukui, Atsuro Nagumo, Osamu Hirohata
  • Patent number: 8758692
    Abstract: There is provided a synthesis reaction system which synthesizes a hydrocarbon compound by a chemical reaction of a synthesis gas including hydrogen and carbon monoxide as main components, and a slurry having solid catalyst particles suspended in liquid and which extracts the hydrocarbon compound from the slurry. The synthesis reaction system includes a reactor main body which accommodates the slurry, a separator which separates the hydrocarbon compound included in the slurry from the slurry, a first flow passage which allows the slurry including the hydrocarbon compound to flow to the separator from the reactor main body, a second flow passage which allows the slurry to flow to the reactor main body from the separator, and a fluid supply nozzle which supplies a fluid toward at least any one of the separator, the first flow passage, and the second flow passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignees: Nippon Steel Engineering Co., Ltd., Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation, Inpex Corporation, Nippon Oil Corporation, Japan Petroleum Exploration Co., Ltd., Cosmo Oil Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yasuhiro Onishi
  • Patent number: 8753577
    Abstract: Processing scheme and arrangement for increasing the relative yield of light olefins involves integration of the cracking a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock to produce an effluent comprising a range of hydrocarbon products including C4-C7 olefins and the subsequent cracking at least a portion of the C4-C7 olefins to produce additional light olefins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Joseph E. Zimmermann, Charles P. Luebke, John B. Baker
  • Publication number: 20140161712
    Abstract: A low-temperature graphite manufacturing method and a system thereof are disclosed. A graphite cast iron smelting manufacturing technique is used for melting a cast iron, for forming a cast iron melt. A graphitizing agent, a nucleating agent, and a spheroidizing agent are continuously added into the cast iron melt, for making the carbon powder be graphitized and spheroidized. Within the cast iron melt, the amounts of the carbon, the graphitizing agent, the nucleating agent, and the spheroidized agent are adjusted for making the spheroidal graphite be able to continuously float out of the cast iron melt. After that, by using gas blowing and electrostatic dust removal, the powdered graphite can be collected. At last, the gases are recycled and the collected powdered graphite is purified by acid pickling.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2013
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Applicant: National Tsing Hua University
    Inventor: Swe-Kai CHEN
  • Patent number: 8735639
    Abstract: The present process provides a method for converting an oxygenate-containing feed stream to an olefin-containing product stream. The method includes: (1) providing a first fluidized catalytic reactor for converting methanol to propylene, the first reactor having a fluidized catalyst system comprising a first catalyst and a second catalyst; (2) providing a second fluidized catalytic reactor communicating with the first fluidized catalytic reactor for cracking heavy olefins having four carbon atoms or greater into propylene, the second reactor having the fluidized catalyst system; (3) providing an oxygenate containing feed to the first reactor; and (4) fluidizing the catalyst system with the oxygenate containing feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Andrea G. Bozzano, Bryan K. Glover, Peter R. Pujado
  • Publication number: 20140134058
    Abstract: Distillate cracks to propylene more readily than VGO. Additionally, less branched hydrocarbons crack to propylene more readily than more branched hydrocarbons. Oligomerization to diesel range oligomers followed by catalytic cracking with less branched oligomers can provide more propylene.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2013
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Christopher P. Nicholas, Christian D. Freet, Kurt M. Vanden Bussche, Todd M. Kruse
  • Patent number: 8721974
    Abstract: The disclosed invention relates to a process, comprising: conducting unit operations in at least two process zones in a process microchannel to treat and/or form a non-Newtonian fluid, a different unit operation being conducted in each process zone; and applying an effective amount of shear stress to the non-Newtonian fluid to reduce the viscosity of the non-Newtonian fluid in each process zone, the average shear rate in one process zone differing from the average shear rate in another process zone by a factor of at least about 1.2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Velocys, Inc.
    Inventors: Anna Lee Tonkovich, Ravi Arora, David Kilanowski, Eric Daymo