Magnetic Patents (Class 422/186.01)
  • Patent number: 10987646
    Abstract: A reactor system for dehydrogenation of alkanes in a given temperature range upon bringing a reactant stream including alkanes into contact with a catalytic mixture. The reactor system includes a reactor unit arranged to accommodate the catalytic mixture, where the catalytic mixture includes catalyst particles and a ferromagnetic material. The catalyst particles are arranged to catalyze the dehydrogenation of alkanes. The ferromagnetic material is ferromagnetic at least at temperatures up to an upper limit of the given temperature range. The reactor system moreover includes an induction coil arranged to be powered by a power source supplying alternating current and being positioned so as to generate an alternating magnetic field within the reactor unit upon energization by the power source, whereby the catalytic mixture is heated to a temperature within the temperature range by means of the alternating magnetic field. Also, a catalytic mixture and a method of dehydrogenating alkanes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: HALDOR TOPSØE A/S
    Inventors: Poul Erik Højlund Nielsen, Rasmus Munksgård Nielsen, John Bøgild Hansen, Burcin Temel McKenna
  • Patent number: 10820749
    Abstract: A foaming machine providing a fluid foam and/or a food product foam, the machine being configured to receive an in-line heating device, the in-line heating device includes a primary heating unit and a heating cartridge. The heating cartridge includes an inner heating path. A system for providing a hot fluid foam and/or a hot food product foam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2020
    Assignee: Societe des Produits Nestle S.A.
    Inventor: Grégory Savioz
  • Patent number: 9915597
    Abstract: A particulate matter measuring device includes: a diesel particulate filter (DPF) in which upstream side and downstream side openings of multiple cells partitioned by porous partition walls are alternately plugged; a pair of first electrodes received in a pair of first electrode cells arranged diagonally with a central cell therebetween; a pair of second electrodes received in a pair of second electrode cells arranged diagonally with the central cell therebetween; a first connecting member for connecting the first electrodes to each other; a second connecting member for connecting the second electrodes to each other; and a unit that calculates an amount of particulate matter trapped in the DPF on the basis of capacitance between the electrodes. The four cells which are adjacent to each other around the partition walls of the central cell and sandwiched between the first electrode cells and the second electrode cells are used as measurement cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Inventors: Masafumi Noda, Mitsuhiro Aso, Tadashi Uchiyama
  • Publication number: 20150087820
    Abstract: The present disclosure generally pertains to systems and methods for the chemical synthesis of micro-quantities of oligonucleotides or other chemical molecules. The system includes a reusable glass micro-reactor containing a paramagnetic solid support, a magnet, an electronic drive controller and an optical spectroscopy system capable of driving a plurality individual reactors. The system utilizes the electroosmotic movement of reactants through microfluidic channels. Spectrophotometric monitoring of the reaction products allows for the real-time determination of synthesis yield.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: Lance Amate Larka, John D. Williams, Randy Gaillard
  • Patent number: 8945469
    Abstract: A magnetic immunoassay system with a mechanism for compensating the direct current residual magnetic field in the vicinity of the specimen measurement position, in a direction perpendicular to the magnetic marker direction of magnetization for the measurement target. This invention reduces the effects of the magnetic field emitted from the unbound magnetic marker due to the residual magnetic field in the specimen solution and detects with high sensitivity the signal of the bound target magnetic marker. The magnetic field at the measurement position is regulated so as to intersect the direction of magnetization of the magnetic marker for the measurement target, in order to make the magnetization direction of the magnetic marker that is unbound due to residual magnetism or remanence in the sample solution, intersect the magnetization direction of the magnetic marker for the measurement target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Akira Tsukamoto, Kazuo Saitoh
  • Publication number: 20150027874
    Abstract: An instrument and method for accelerating the solid phase synthesis of peptides are disclosed. The method includes the steps of deprotecting a protected first amino acid linked to a solid phase resin by admixing the protected linked acid with a deprotecting solution in a microwave transparent vessel while irradiating the admixed acid and solution with microwaves, activating a second amino acid, coupling the second amino acid to the first acid while irradiating the composition in the same vessel with microwaves, and cleaving the linked peptide from the solid phase resin by admixing the linked peptide with a cleaving composition in the same vessel while irradiating the composition with microwaves.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 23, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
  • Publication number: 20150010439
    Abstract: The present invention aims to provide a plasma generation device including: a plasma generation part which generates plasma; diluent gas supply means which supplies a diluent gas for diluting the plasma generated by the plasma generation part; and a spray port through which a plasma gas resulting from the dilution of the plasma with the diluent gas is sprayed, in which the characteristics of the plasma gas are changed and controlled so as to enlarge the plasma gas and enhance the activity of the plasma gas, without controlling the power input from a power source to the plasma generation part. The plasma generation device of the present invention includes an electromagnetic wave production device which irradiates at least one of a region where the plasma is generated and a region where the plasma gas passes with an electromagnetic wave from an antenna.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 26, 2012
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Applicant: IMAGINEERING, INC.
    Inventor: Yuji Ikeda
  • Publication number: 20140346034
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a solar thermochemical reactor comprising an outer member, an inner member disposed within an outer member, wherein the outer member surrounds the inner member and wherein the outer member has an aperture for receiving solar radiation and wherein an inner cavity and an outer cavity are formed by the inner member and outer member and a reactive material capable of being magnetically stabilized wherein the reactive material is disposed in the outer cavity between the inner member and the outer member.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventors: James F. Klausner, Jorg Petrasch
  • Publication number: 20140350235
    Abstract: A novel method for attaching oligonucleotides to a paramagnetic solid support is disclosed. Conventional methods of attachment require that oligonucleotides be pre-synthesized with specific end modifications, which is laborious and expensive. Instead, we attached oligonucleotides to paramagnetic beads by direct synthesis of the oligonucleotides on the surface of the beads. An external magnet was used to hold the paramagnetic beads in place during solid-phase synthesis. A magnetic force was applied directly to the beads to prevent their loss, in particular, during reagent purge-to-waste steps that involved high-pressure drain or vacuum. This method can be adapted for use in any laboratory working with conventional synthesis automation, and can be employed, for example, with single columns and multi-well titer plates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 18, 2014
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Applicant: The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: Michael S. Akhras, Michael A. Jensen
  • Patent number: 8864964
    Abstract: A system employs a closed electrolyzer vessel into which water is circulated, and an electrode plate assembly is immersed to dissociate water into hydrogen and oxygen gases. Only water is used as the electrolyte fluid. An air injector in the water return line injects air bubbling for enhanced dissociation of water. The electrode plate assembly is formed by one or more unit stacks of 7-plates each, including two outer cathode plates, a middle anode plate, and spaced inner plates. The generated gases are maintained in a stable condition by an electromagnetic coil assembly that separates the hydrogen gas from oxygen gas. The system can obtain 180% reduction in fuel usage in a vehicle engine, and 20 times reduction in carbon exhaust. It can obtain a 500% increase in fuel efficiency in an electrical power generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Tasos Inc.
    Inventor: Tasos Aggelopoulos
  • Publication number: 20140299463
    Abstract: A method with various related apparatus polarizes the orbits of atomic electrons by strong magnetic fields creating in the atomic structure a magnetic field. The polarized atoms are introduced onto fuels, improving an efficiency of the fuels, including but not limiting to, new forms of gaseous, liquid and solid fuels with a bonded-in content of Hydrogen, Oxygen and/or other gases to enhance energy output and decrease contaminants in the exhaust. Further, methods of coating computer chips and other surfaces for their protection against oxidation, new fuels with energy content and flame temperatures greater than those of the conventional form of the same fuels, etc.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2014
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Inventor: Ruggero Maria Santilli
  • Publication number: 20140262939
    Abstract: A system and method for altering the properties of a fuel by exposure of the fuel to a magnetic field is described herein. The method comprises generating a magnetic field; exposing a material to the magnetic field, and determining the optimum settings of the magnetic field parameters for the particular material. The magnetic field may be time varying or time invariant. Various properties of the magnetic field can be altered to determine the optimum settings for altering the fuel properties, including the amplitude, frequency, and waveform. In one embodiment, a method for improving the performance of a fuel is provided, comprising: providing a fuel line comprising fuel; installing a magnetic field generator along at least a portion of the fuel line; and generating a pulsed magnetic field around at least a portion of the fuel line using the magnetic field generator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventor: DYNAPULSE, L.L.C.
  • Publication number: 20140248190
    Abstract: An improved system for generating graphene involves producing a plurality of ionized carbon atoms in a plasma generation chamber and providing the plurality of ionized carbon atoms to a graphene generation chamber having a magnetic structure. The graphene generation chamber generates graphene from said plurality of ionized carbon atoms over said magnetic structure such that said graphene floats over said magnetic structure due to said graphene being diamagnetic. The rate at which the plurality of ionized carbon atoms is produced is controlled to control the rate of graphene generation. The magnetic field of the magnetic structure can be controlled to control the rate at which the generated graphene moves through the graphene generation chamber until it exits as a recovered graphene product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 12, 2014
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Applicant: Cedar Ridge Research, LLC
    Inventors: LARRY W. FULLERTON, Mark D. Roberts
  • Publication number: 20140216917
    Abstract: The present invention includes a magnetically susceptible polymer component, a method of making the same, and apparatuses and systems for mixing, separating or localizing a magnetically susceptible polymer compound in a reaction. The magnetically susceptible polymer component includes a polymer and a magnetically susceptible particle of a predetermined size, which yields a component having a much-improved magnetic reactivity due to the increase in magnetic material by mass percentage. The apparatuses and systems of the present invention employ controllable magnetic fields distributable in perpendicular directions in order to precisely control the orientation, position and relative motion of any magnetically susceptible components within a reaction vessel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2014
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: STC.UNM
    Inventors: Paul A. Bentley, Michael Davenport
  • Patent number: 8759074
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device (7) for applying electromagnetic energy to a reactive medium, with said device being designed to be connected to an electromagnetic radiation generator using a means of transmission (4) of said radiation, with the device being remarkable in that it includes at least one loss transmission line (70) that features an interface that transfers electromagnetic energy towards the reactive medium, with said transfer interface being arranged so as to assure, throughout the length of the said line, a pre-determined distribution cross-section for the density of the electromagnetic energy delivered to said medium by said line. The invention also relates to a device for processing, by electromagnetic radiation, of a reactive medium including such an application device. The present invention can be applied to the sector of devices for thermal treatment of a reactive medium, specifically by microwave or high-frequency radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Sairem Societe pour l'Application Industrielle de la Recherche en Electronique et Micro Ondes
    Inventors: Andre Grange, Jean-Marie Jacomino, Adrien Grandemenge
  • Publication number: 20140147369
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus to control reaction rates of chemical reactions. Methods can include mixing chemical reactants to provide a reaction mixture, at least one chemical reactant being magnetic; and applying a magnetic field to the reaction mixture, the magnetic field being applied to effect a control of the rate of a chemical reaction between the reactants in the reaction mixture, the magnetic field being effective to change the reaction rate over a chemical reaction between the same reactants at the same pressure and temperature where the reaction mixture is not exposed to the magnetic field.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2012
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Inventors: Reginald B. Little, James W. Mitchell
  • Publication number: 20140120028
    Abstract: Disclosed is a proximate atom nanotube growth technology capable of continuously growing long, high quality nanotubes. The current invention represents a departure from chemical vapor deposition technology as the atomic feedstock does not originate in the gaseous environment surrounding the nanotubes. The technology mitigates the problems that cease carbon nanotube growth in chemical vapor deposition growth techniques: 1) The accumulation of material on the surface of the catalyst particles, suspected to be primarily amorphous carbon. 2) The effect of Ostwald ripening that reduces the size of smaller catalyst particles and enlarges larger catalyst particles evolving the catalyst particles to a size range distribution incapable of supporting carbon nanotube growth. 3) The effect of some catalyst materials diffusing into the substrate used to grow carbon nanotubes and ceasing growth when the catalyst particle becomes too small.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2012
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Inventor: Bryan Edward Laubscher
  • Publication number: 20140102876
    Abstract: A method and a device to modify the properties of molecules or materials. A method to modify the chemical properties, the work function, the electrochemical potential and/or the NMR frequency of one or more molecules, biomolecules or materials, method includes the steps of: providing a reflective or photonic structure (1) which has an electromagnetic mode which is resonant with a transition in the molecules, biomolecules or material (2); and placing the molecule(s), biomolecule(s) or material (2) in or on a structure of the previous type.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 7, 2012
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicant: UNIVERSITE DE STRASBOURG (Etablissement Public National a Caractere Scientifique, Culturel et P..
    Inventors: James A. Hutchison, Tal Schwartz, Cyriaque Genet, Eloise Devaux, Thomas W. Ebbesen, Paolo Samori
  • Patent number: 8685255
    Abstract: A method of operating a capacitive deionization cell using a regeneration cycle to increase pure flow rate and efficiency of the cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Voltea B.V.
    Inventors: Sean Knapp, Marshall L. Leffew, II
  • Patent number: 8679401
    Abstract: A method and apparatus comprising microwave radiation pulses to reduce a microorganism population in an object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Microzap, Inc.
    Inventors: Willis Don Stull, Jr., Andreas Alfred Neuber, Michel Todd Brashears, Mindy Malynn Brashears, Christine Alvarado, J Chance Brooks, David E. Sharbutt
  • Patent number: 8657999
    Abstract: A method for producing a fuel composition from a feedstock which may contain biomass and municipal solid waste is described. The method includes the step of pyrolyzing the feedstock in the presence of a transition metal, using microwave energy, so that the level of oxygen in at least one product of the pyrolysis is reduced. An integrated process is also described, in which the transition metal can be regenerated. Moreover, pyrolysis products such as bio-oils can be upgraded to liquid fuel compositions. Related systems for producing fuel compositions are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Vitali Victor Lissianski, R. George Rizeq, Surinder Prabhjot Singh
  • Publication number: 20140047761
    Abstract: The Centrifugal Fluid Ring Reactor employs a centrifugal impeller and a fluid barrier to mix multi-phase fluids and repeatedly move the mixture through a reaction zone, where the mixture contacts catalysts and/or is subjected to electromagnetic, mechanical, nuclear, or sonic energy to create ions, free radicals or activated molecules, which initiate or promote a desired reaction. It can be used to convert carbon dioxide, methane and other gaseous carbon sources into liquid fuel at ambient temperature and pressure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Inventors: Richard Max Mandle, James Edward Grady
  • Publication number: 20140044600
    Abstract: Devices for treating chemical compositions of a sample and methods for use thereof are disclosed here. In one embodiment, for example, a device may include a container; an opening; a magnetic component that induces a magnetic field across a portion of the device; and a sorptive media loaded within the container. The device may further comprise a magnetizable fluid loaded within the container. The sorptive media may be configured to filter a composition from a magnetizable fluid. The magnetic field may be configured to drive filtration of the magnetizable fluid containing composition after reacting the composition in order to remove or separate constituents of the composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2013
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Applicant: McAlister Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Publication number: 20140034481
    Abstract: A reactor assembly comprising a reservoir, a reaction chamber, and a valve assembly comprising at least one valve. The reservoir, reaction chamber, and valve assembly are non-magnetic. The valve assembly is adapted to selectively provide fluid communication between the reservoir and the reaction chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 22, 2012
    Publication date: February 6, 2014
    Inventor: Kevin W. Waddell
  • Patent number: 8603402
    Abstract: A microwave-excited plasma device is proposed. The device comprises of a plurality of microwave plasma reaction units which are capable of generating plasma independently such that a large-area plasma is able to be generated by all of the units. Besides, the high cost of the large-area microwave coupling window and its deformation together with possible breakage caused by atmospheric pressure can be prevented. Moreover, when a plurality of permanent magnets is assembled upon each of the plasma reaction units, the microwave-excited plasma device is improved to be a large-area electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Chih-Chen Chang, Kun-Ping Huang, Yu-Tse Hsieh
  • Patent number: 8586389
    Abstract: A method for detecting a ligand is provided. Antibodies to a predetermined ligand are attached to substrates. The substrates are superparamagnetic, dyed beads. The beads are exposed to an electromagnetic field to immobilize the beads. The beads are contacted with a sample and the antibodies are allowed to recognize and capture the ligand in the sample. The electromagnetic field is optionally removed. The beads are contacted with a liquid crystalline material and the light transmission properties of the liquid crystalline material are examined for alteration caused by the presence of aggregates of the beads and the ligand.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Kent State University
    Inventor: Christopher J. Woolverton
  • Patent number: 8585279
    Abstract: A device for manipulating and mixing magnetic particles (3) in a surrounding liquid medium, comprises at least one couple of magnetic poles (1,1?) facing each other across a gap, the facing poles diverging from a narrow end of the gap to a large end of the gap, the poles (1,1?) forming part of an electromagnetic circuit and being arranged to provide a magnetic field gradient in the gap region; and a reaction chamber (2) that is a part of a fluidic network for containing the said magnetic particles in suspension and placed in the gap of the said electromagnets poles (1,1?). The reaction chamber (2) preferably has at least one part which has a diverging cavity, arranged co-divergently in the diverging gap between the poles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Spinomix S.A.
    Inventor: Amar Rida
  • Publication number: 20130295512
    Abstract: A distributed energy system includes a gas-loaded heat generator capable of producing a thermal energy. The system includes a gas source to provide one or more isotopes of hydrogen, a plurality of metallic micro-structures, a gas loading chamber containing the plurality of metallic micro-structures. The gas loading chamber is structured to receive the one or more isotopes of hydrogen from the gas source. The system also includes a gas loading system capable of providing a gas loading pressure to the gas loading chamber containing the plurality of metallic micro-structures with an amount of one or more isotopes of hydrogen to form hydrogen clusters. In one form, the system further includes a thermal transducer capable of converting a first portion of the thermal energy. In still another form, the system additionally includes a waste heat recovery device capable of applying a second portion of the thermal energy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 13, 2013
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Applicant: NPL ASSOCIATES, INC.
    Inventors: George H. Miley, Xiaoling Yang
  • Publication number: 20130289282
    Abstract: A thin film tube reactor comprising a tube having a longitudinal axis, an inner cylindrical surface, a closed end and an open end, wherein the tube is rotatable about the longitudinal axis and wherein the angle of the longitudinal axis relative to the horizontal is variable between about 0 degrees and about 90 degrees.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2011
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Inventor: Colin L. Raston
  • Patent number: 8506890
    Abstract: To provide a treatment method having excellent purification effect, in which impurities having high ionicity in a silica powder can be removed in a short time, an apparatus thereof, and a purified silica powder. A purification method of a silica powder comprises making a silica powder into a fluid state; contacting a purified gas to the silica powder in the fluid state at high temperature; and thereby removing impurity components of the silica powder. In the method, the silica powder in the fluid state is positioned in a magnetic field region. Further, the silica powder is contacted with the purified gas, while applying voltage to the silica powder by an electric field generated by moving of the silica powder. Preferably, the silica powder in a fluid state is positioned in the magnetic region of 10 gausses or more, and contacted with the purification gas at a temperature of I000° C. or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Japan Super Quartz Corporation
    Inventors: Minoru Kanda, Yoshiyuki Tsuji
  • Publication number: 20130200895
    Abstract: A dispenser is provided for producing a nuclear hyperpolarised contrast agent. The dispenser comprises a chamber to receive a compound. A photonic hyperpolarisation system generates an OAM-photonic beam endowed with orbital angular momentum and is arranged to direct the OAM-photonic beam into the chamber so as to generate nuclear hyperpolarisation in the compound. The chamber has an output over which the hyperpolarised compound can be issued. Since the hyperpolarisation is generated ex-vivo, the penetration depth of the OAM-photonic beam in biological tissue is irrelevant for the present invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2011
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Inventor: Johan Samuel Van Den Brink
  • Publication number: 20130153405
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods are provided for generating hydrogen gas from water and, in particular, apparatus and methods for dissociating hydrogen and oxygen atoms from water molecules using a rotating magnetic field.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2012
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: Hydro-Magnetics, Inc.
    Inventor: Salvatore Benenati
  • Publication number: 20130149209
    Abstract: A device for altering molecular bonds in fluids (1) having a substantially tubular housing (2). The substantially tubular housing has a perimeter wall (3), a first end (4), a second end (5), an inner surface (6) and an outer surface (7). Caps (8) are located on the first end and on the second end. One or more geometrically shaped extensions (11) may be located on the caps to allow a user to rotate the caps and/or the entire housing with a wrench. An aperture is located on each cap to allow liquid to pass though into or out of the housing. Threads (10) are located within the apertures to allow a user to install the device for altering molecular bonds in fluids in a fuel line, water line or other liquid conduit. A plurality of magnets (13) are secured within one or more casings (14) that separate and hold the magnets in place within the housing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 5, 2013
    Publication date: June 13, 2013
    Applicant: The Livingston Firm
    Inventor: The Livingston Firm
  • Patent number: 8427161
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses for generating hyperpolarized materials are disclosed. In one embodiment, a flexible fluid path is provided for use in a polarizer system. In a further embodiment, a polarizer system is provided with an electromechanical assembly for controlling the movement of a fluid path, when present, within a sample path of the polarizer system. In a further embodiment, a polarizer system is provided having a sample path entry point at a convenient height for use by a user standing on the ground.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Lawrence Elwood Murphy, Emil Markov Georgiev, Erik Paul Kemper, Ryan Jerome Ramos
  • Patent number: 8409522
    Abstract: This invention relates to a technique for adjusting the temperature of a liquid held on an analyzing instrument (1) to a target value. The invention provides a temperature control method wherein thermal energy is supplied to liquid (10) by passing a magnetic flux across an analyzing instrument (1) for raising the temperature of the liquid. The invention also provides an analyzing instrument (1) and analyzing apparatus (X) which are suited to raising the temperature of a liquid (10) using a magnetic flux.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: ARKRAY, Inc.
    Inventor: Shigeru Kitamura
  • Publication number: 20130078177
    Abstract: An apparatus for manufacturing a carbon nanostructure and a method for manufacturing a carbon nanostructure that can achieve an increase in length and shape stabilization of the carbon nanostructure can be obtained. A manufacturing apparatus for a carbon nanostructure includes a catalyst member on which a carbon nanostructure is grown, a source gas supply unit and a source gas supply pipe, a coil, and a heater. The source gas supply unit and the source gas supply pipe supply the catalyst member with carbon for forming the carbon nanotube. The coil applies a gradient magnetic field (e.g., a cusped magnetic field indicated by magnetic flux line whose magnetic field strength gradually increases from one surface of the catalyst member to the other surface opposite to the one surface. The heater heats the catalyst member.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 21, 2012
    Publication date: March 28, 2013
    Inventors: Takeshi Hikata, Soichiro Okubo
  • Patent number: 8405046
    Abstract: The output wavelengths of an electrodeless lamp are controlled by passing a fluid over the surface of the lamp to control its temperature. The stabilized temperature prevents thermal runaway of the lamp and stabilizes the output wavelengths of the lamp. When the fluid passing over the lamp is water, the lamp can be used for sanitary treatment of the water. Lamp radiation can be enhanced by shaping the electrodeless lamp to provide maximally effective photonic output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Inventor: David Richard NeCamp
  • Publication number: 20130062193
    Abstract: A method for promoting chemical changes in a medium comprising the steps of placing a medium within an electromagnetically resonant structure that permits initiating a spark or a discharge in the medium by means of applying pulsed microwave energy in an electromagnetically resonant structure, the electromagnetically resonant structure being simultaneously mechanically resonant for acoustic or shock waves generated by the spark or discharge caused by the pulsed resonant microwave electromagnetic field; and providing a means to feed material into a reaction chamber within the electromagnetically resonant structure and collecting products of a reaction inside the reaction chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2011
    Publication date: March 14, 2013
    Inventors: Vassilli P. Proudkii, Joe Michael Yarborough, Kirk McNeil
  • Publication number: 20130056987
    Abstract: The invention pertains to utilization of high power density microwave energy to reduce organic compounds to carbon and their constituents, primarily in a gaseous state. The process includes, but is not limited to, scrap tires, plastics, asphalt roofing shingles, computer waste, medical waste, municipal solid waste, construction waste, shale oil, and PCB/PAH/HCB-laden materials. The process includes the steps of feeding organic material into a microwave applicator and exposing the material to microwave energy fed from at least two linear polarized sources in non-parallel alignment to each other, and collecting the material. The at least two sources of microwave energy are from a bifurcated waveguide assembly, whose outputs are perpendicular to each other and fed through waveguide of proper impedance, such that the microwave sources are physically and electrically 90° out of phase to each other. The microwave frequency is between 894 and 1000 MHz, preferably approximately 915 MHz.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Publication date: March 7, 2013
    Inventor: John F. Novak
  • Patent number: 8366937
    Abstract: What is presented is an innovative design of a chemical reactor for catalytic breakdown of halogenated hydrocarbons, the body of which acts as a specialized electromagnet capable of immobilizing and retaining very large quantities of non-magnetized ferro-dia- or para-magnetic material-containing nano, micro-, or milli-particles within it's reactor volume despite high-velocity flow of any liquid through said reactor. This is accomplished without any pre-treatment to the nanoparticles, without the use of adhesive of any sort, electroplating, electrolytic action, nano-structured nanocages, membrane or other impregnation, or any other mechanical or chemical means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Inventor: Kenneth W. Cross
  • Patent number: 8343432
    Abstract: A waste decomposition apparatus has a container-shaped body, a waste inlet for introducing wastes into the body, an outlet for discharging residual ash out of the body after the wastes introduced into the body are decomposed, and magnetic functioning means for inducing magnetic fields in the wastes introduced into the body. The waste decomposition apparatus includes pressing means for pressing the wastes introduced into the body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignee: Jae Yong Lee
    Inventors: Mitsuo Endou, Yoshinori Yoshida, Goda Toshihisa, Tojo Toshiaki
  • Publication number: 20120329124
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a magnetic reagent, a magnetic reagent kit, a method for treating magnetic carriers, and a treatment device therefor, with an object of quickly and efficiently treating magnetic carriers of a micro particle diameter including nanosized magnetic carriers. The magnetic reagent or magnetic reagent kit includes: a plurality of magnetic carriers which can be magnetized by being exposed to a magnetic field, can be bonded to a predetermined chemical substance or living organism in a liquid, and that have a particle diameter that enables them to be suspended in the liquid; and a plurality of treatment promoting magnetic particles which can be magnetized by being exposed to a magnetic field and thus can have the magnetic carriers adsorbed on the surface thereof, are formed so that they can be moved within the liquid by movement of the liquid or by a magnetic field, and promote a treatment for capturing or re-suspension of the magnetic carriers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2010
    Publication date: December 27, 2012
    Inventor: Hideji Tajima
  • Publication number: 20120321526
    Abstract: High power RF energy supplied to a reaction chamber at a resonant frequency is used to break the covalent bonds of a hydrocarbon material without heat. An RF signal generator may be used to supply RF energy to a resonant ring through a four port coupler. The phase of the RF energy passing through the resonant ring may be adjusted to achieve an integral multiple of a resonant wavelength. Wavelength and intensity may be adjusted to sublimate or pyrolyze the hydrocarbon material to yield a useful gaseous product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2011
    Publication date: December 20, 2012
    Inventors: Victor Hernandez, Lisa Patton
  • Publication number: 20120321521
    Abstract: The present invention includes a magnetically susceptible polymer component, a method of making the same, and apparatuses and systems for mixing, separating or localizing a magnetically susceptible polymer compound in a reaction. The magnetically susceptible polymer component includes a polymer and a magnetically susceptible particle of a predetermined size, which yields a component having a much-improved magnetic reactivity due to the increase in magnetic material by mass percentage. The apparatuses and systems of the present invention employ controllable magnetic fields distributable in perpendicular directions in order to precisely control the orientation, position and relative motion of any magnetically susceptible components within a reaction vessel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 29, 2012
    Publication date: December 20, 2012
    Applicant: STC.UNM
    Inventors: Paul A. Bentley, Michael R. Davenport
  • Publication number: 20120289433
    Abstract: An apparatus for forming a surface reservoir to hold a sample for a desirable period of time is described. The apparatus contains a platform, a solid surface disposed onto the platform, and an assembly of a bottomless vessel mounted on the solid surface. Also described is an apparatus that forms an array of surface reservoirs on a solid surface when multiple bottomless vessels are used, which can be used for high throughput applications. The apparatus can be used in applications on a solid surface, such as immunohistochemistry (IHC), oligo synthesis, peptide synthesis, ELISA, DNA array, peptide array, protein array, antibody array, tissue array, cell culturing, etc.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 2, 2012
    Publication date: November 15, 2012
    Inventors: Zhuying Wang, Weiming Jiang, Jinyu Yang, Lin Li, Tao Bai
  • Publication number: 20120247945
    Abstract: An aspect of at least one embodiment of the present invention is a device for cracking heavy hydrocarbons. A linear applicator is positioned within heavy oil containing aromatic molecules. A radio frequency electrical current source is electrically connected to the applicator at a first connection point and a second connection point to create a closed electrical loop. The radio frequency source is configured to apply a signal to the applicator that is sufficient to create a magnetic field and an electric field relative to the axis of the linear applicator. The device also includes a chamber positioned around the applicator generally between the first connection point and the second connection point to concentrate the magnetic field within a region surrounding the applicator and containing the heavy hydrocarbons.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 4, 2011
    Publication date: October 4, 2012
    Inventor: Francis Eugene Parsche
  • Publication number: 20120230877
    Abstract: A processing apparatus that is formed from a plurality of metal layers that are stacked and aligned together and then connected together to form one or more portions of the processing apparatus.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2012
    Publication date: September 13, 2012
    Inventor: JAMES M. PINCHOT
  • Publication number: 20120177542
    Abstract: A microwave-excited plasma device is proposed. The device comprises of a plurality of microwave plasma reaction units which are capable of generating plasma independently such that a large-area plasma is able to be generated by all of the units. Besides, the high cost of the large-area microwave coupling window and its deformation together with possible breakage caused by atmospheric pressure can be prevented. Moreover, when a plurality of permanent magnets is assembled upon each of the plasma reaction units, the microwave-excited plasma device is improved to be a large-area electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 19, 2011
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Inventors: Chih-Chen Chang, Kun-Ping Huang, Yu-Tse Hsieh
  • Publication number: 20120156102
    Abstract: A system including a steam generation system and a chamber. The steam generation system includes a complex and the steam generation system is configured to receive water, concentrate electromagnetic (EM) radiation received from an EM radiation source, apply the EM radiation to the complex, where the complex absorbs the EM radiation to generate heat, and transform, using the heat generated by the complex, the water to steam. The chamber is configured to receive the steam and an object, wherein the object is of medical waste, medical equipment, fabric, and fecal matter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2011
    Publication date: June 21, 2012
    Inventors: Nancy J. Halas, Peter Nordlander, Oara Neumann
  • Publication number: 20120100039
    Abstract: Light-activated antimicrobial devices and articles are disclosed. The devices include a light source and a light-activated antimicrobial article comprising a photosensitizer and a viscoelastic material such as a pressure sensitive adhesive adapted to receive light from the light source. The viscoelastic material may be adapted to transport light by total internal reflection. The photosensitizer may comprise a dye, a metal oxide or a composition that comprises anions that oxidize or react to form a gas. Upon activation of the light source, the photosensitizer absorbs light from the light source such that antimicrobial activity is exhibited. The photosensitizer may be included in the light-activated antimicrobial article or it may be provided as a topical composition that is separate from the article. The light-activated antimicrobial articles and devices may have constructions similar to those of wound dressings.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 23, 2010
    Publication date: April 26, 2012
    Inventors: Maria A. Appeaning, Audrey A. Sherman, Michael A. Meis, Marie A. Boulos, Kevin D. Landgrebe, Kevin R. Schaffer, Matthew T. Scholz, Thu-Van T. Tran, Narina Y. Stepanova, Caroline M. Ylitalo