With Means Applying Electromagnetic Wave Energy Or Corpuscular Radiation To Reactants For Initiating Or Perfecting Chemical Reaction Patents (Class 422/186)
  • Patent number: 10371445
    Abstract: A microwave furnace includes a microwave casket having an inner surface forming an internal cavity. A heatable body, formed at least in part of a microwave susceptor material, is located in the internal cavity of the casket and heats in response to a microwave field. A thermal control system is provided, which includes a fluid flow path extending through the casket and has an inlet and an outlet formed in the microwave casket. A portion of the fluid flow path is adjacent the heatable body. The thermal control system flows a thermal transfer fluid through the fluid flow path via the inlet to absorb heat from the heatable body and to transfer the absorbed heat along the fluid flow path until the thermal transfer fluid exits the fluid flow path via the outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: Consolidated Nuclear Security, LLC
    Inventor: Edward B. Ripley
  • Patent number: 10354786
    Abstract: Embodiments are generally directed to hybrid magnetic material structures for electronic devices and circuits. An embodiment of an inductor includes a first layer of magnetic film material applied on a substrate, one or more conductors placed on the first layer of magnetic film material, and a second layer of magnetic particles, wherein the magnetic particles are suspended in an insulating medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Donald S. Gardner, Gerhard Schrom, Edward A. Burton
  • Patent number: 10316872
    Abstract: A magnetic trap droplet controller is provided that includes a solid substrate, a controller operated by an appropriately programmed computer, a two-dimensional distribution of magnetized domains disposed on a surface of the solid substrate, a fluid chamber disposed above the two-dimensional distribution of magnetized domains, and an active magnet, where the active magnet is disposed to provide a dynamic magnetic field in-plane with the solid substrate, where the dynamic magnetic field controls north and south poles of the two-dimensional distribution of magnetized domains according to the controller, where a fluid under test that is disposed in a carrier fluid that is disposed in the fluid chamber propagates according to the controlled north and south poles of the two-dimensional distribution of the magnetized domains.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: Manu Prakash, Georgios Katsikis
  • Patent number: 10173193
    Abstract: An apparatus includes a base having first and second inlets. Inner and outer cylinders are disposed on the base, with the outer cylinder being concentric with the inner cylinder. An inner surface of the inner cylinder defines an internal volume. An outer surface of the inner cylinder and an inner surface of the outer cylinder define a chamber space. An ultraviolet lamp is disposed within the internal volume. A top cover is positioned over the inner and outer cylinders and in a sealing relationship with the cylinders. The top cover has a first passageway in flow communication with the chamber space, and a second passageway in flow communication with the internal volume. The first inlet is in flow communication with the chamber space and the second inlet is in flow communication with the internal volume. A system including a process chamber and an ammonia radical generator also is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Mohamed Sabri, Karl Leeser
  • Patent number: 10147575
    Abstract: An electromagnetic switch for a starter includes a coil that includes a first lead wire connected to a power supply side and a second lead wire connected to a ground side, the coil being supplied with an energization current through the first and second lead wires to form an electromagnet while a starter relay is on. The electromagnetic switch further includes a surge suppression device that absorbs part of energy emitted from the coil when the starter relay is turned from on to off so that a remaining part of the energy is applied to the starter relay to cause an arc current to flow between contacts of the starter relay.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventor: Yoshiaki Suzuki
  • Patent number: 10121580
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a gluing device, a gluing method and a colloid for packaging devices. The gluing device includes an instillation head configured to guide a glue added with magnetic material in an instillation direction; and a magnetic field generation mechanism configured to apply a magnetic field within the instillation head, so as to apply a force to the magnetic material through the magnetic field in a direction identical to or opposite to the instillation direction. Thus a flow rate of the glue in the instillation direction is controlled through the force applied by the magnetic material to the glue. The glue in the gluing device may be smoothly dripped out at a constant flow rate, thereby to prevent the occurrence of discontinuous or thin glue lines in the related art due to an insufficient pressure during gluing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignees: BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO., LTD., HEFEI XINSHENG OPTOELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Wei Quan, Chiahao Chang, Chinlung Liao
  • Patent number: 10040700
    Abstract: A light-shielding strip, for preventing a sealing member from deterioration due to ultraviolet rays, is made of a ultraviolet-shielding material having a resilient plate shape, and comprises: a main light-shielding portion having a length according to at least a circumferential length of an inner periphery of a lamp-protective tube; and first and second overlap portions extending from respective ones of both ends of the main light-shielding portion in a longitudinal direction with each forming a non-parallel convergence shape. The light-shielding strip, rolled in the longitudinal direction, is disposed in the lamp-protective tube to closely fit to the inner periphery of the lamp-protective tube and positioned to oppose to the sealing member. Repulsive force against bending force around an end portion of the light-shielding strip can be dispersed due to the non-parallel convergence shape of the overlap portions, so that a possible-raised portion around the end portion can be suppressed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: PHOTOSCIENCE JAPAN CORPORATION
    Inventors: Noboru Akiyama, Yuji Yamakoshi
  • Patent number: 10029257
    Abstract: A magnetic-hydrodynamic force fluid logic controller is provide that includes a solid or flexible or flexible substrate, a fluid chamber disposed above the substrate, where the chamber includes a fluid under test that includes an active magnet, where the active magnet is disposed to control a magnetic north pole of the droplet and a magnetic south pole of the droplet, a two-dimensional distribution of magnetic elements a surface the solid or flexible substrate, where the magnetic elements comprise a magnetization in a magnetic north pole and magnetization in a magnetic south pole, where the magnetic elements are activated by an external magnetic field of the active magnet, where the droplets have a droplet magnetization, where the droplet magnetization is configured for droplet self-interaction by the magnetic elements and the active magnet, where the self-interaction comprises splitting, merging, propagation, logic, storage, memory and all possible combinations of logical circuit operations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: Manu Prakash, Georgios Katsikis
  • Patent number: 10022697
    Abstract: An arc reactor and a process for the production of nanoparticles are disclosed. The reactor has a crucible in a gas-tight housing having a carrier gas inlet and a spaced-apart carrier gas outlet. The carrier gas inlet is directed to the side of the crucible opposite the crucible opening. The inlet can be disposed below the crucible and directed to the side of the crucible opposite the crucible opening. The carrier gas outlet is disposed above the crucible and exits the housing above the crucible. The carrier gas outlet is formed by a hood disposed at a distance above the crucible, which is separated from the crucible and formed by an exhaust pipe that connects the hood to the carrier gas outlet of the housing. The reactor housing has at least one inlet for cooling gas. This can be directed at an interstice formed between the crucible and the hood.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: Universitaet Duisburg Essen
    Inventors: Frank Einar Kruis, Matthias Stein, Jeremias Geiss
  • Patent number: 9968943
    Abstract: The magnetic particle separator uses an induced magnetic field to separate magnetic particles held in solution by magnetophoresis. The magnetic particles may be, for example, inherently paramagnetic or superparamagnetic, may be magnetically tagged or the like. First and second magnetic particles initially flow along a longitudinal direction. An external magnetic field along a lateral direction, orthogonal (or near orthogonal) to the longitudinal direction, is applied to an externally magnetizable wire, which extends along a transverse direction orthogonal to both the longitudinal and lateral directions. The external magnetic field generates an induced magnetic field in the externally magnetizable wire, and the induced magnetic field generates repulsive magnetic force on the first and second magnetic particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2018
    Inventor: Saud A. Khashan
  • Patent number: 9767992
    Abstract: A processing reactor includes a microwave energy source and a field-enhancing waveguide. The field-enhancing waveguide has a field-enhancing zone between a first cross-sectional area and a second cross-sectional area of the waveguide, and also has a plasma zone and a reaction zone. The second cross-sectional area is smaller than the first cross-sectional area, is farther away from the microwave energy source than the first cross-sectional area, and extends along a reaction length of the field-enhancing waveguide. The supply gas inlet is upstream of the reaction zone. In the reaction zone, a majority of the supply gas flow is parallel to the direction of the microwave energy propagation. A supply gas is used to generate a plasma in the plasma zone to convert a process input material into separated components in the reaction zone at a pressure of at least 0.1 atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2017
    Assignee: Lyten, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael W. Stowell, Bryce H. Anzelmo, Thomas Riso
  • Patent number: 9675716
    Abstract: A sterilization system having a controllable non-ionizing microwave radiation source for providing microwave energy for combining with a gas to produce atmospheric low temperature plasma for sterilizing biological tissue surfaces or the like. A plasma generating region may be contained in a hand held plasma applicator. The system may include an impedance adjustor e.g. integrated in the plasma applicator arranged to set a plasma strike condition and plasma sustain condition. The gas and microwave energy may be transported to a plasma generating region along an integrated cable assembly. The integrated cable assembly may provide a two way gas flow arrangement to permit residual gas to be removed from the surface. Invasive surface plasma treatment is therefore possible. The plasma applicator may have multiple plasma emitters to produce a line or blanket of plasma.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: Creo Medical Limited
    Inventor: Christopher Paul Hancock
  • Patent number: 9640677
    Abstract: Disclosed is a solar cell that comprises a photoelectric conversion body, a first electrode including a first finger portion that is placed on one main surface of the photoelectric conversion body and extends in first direction, a second electrode including a second finger portion which is placed on the one main surface of the photoelectric conversion body to be adjacent to the first finger portion in second direction intersecting the first direction and extends in the first direction, a first insulating layer covering at least part of a tip end portion of the first finger portion, which tip end portion is located on first side in the first direction, and a second insulating layer covering at least part of a tip end portion of the second finger portion, which tip end portion is located on a second side in the first direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2017
    Assignee: Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshiyuki Kudoh, Tsuyoshi Takahama, Mitsuaki Morigami
  • Patent number: 9550689
    Abstract: A fluid filtration apparatus, which includes a plurality of optical fibers each having a length, wherein one or more of the plurality of optical fibers exhibits frustrated total internal reflection, thereby emitting light along the length of one or more of the optical fibers, in combination with a photocatalyst disposed on the plurality of optical fibers and a light source interconnected to the plurality of optical fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2017
    Assignee: ALLIED BIOSCIENCE, INC.
    Inventor: Craig Grossman
  • Patent number: 9545612
    Abstract: The disclosure provides conductive membranes for water splitting and solar fuel generation. The membranes comprise an embedded semiconductive/photoactive material and an oxygen or hydrogen evolution catalyst. Also provided are chassis and cassettes containing the membranes for use in fuel generation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2017
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Nathan S. Lewis, William C. West
  • Patent number: 9522344
    Abstract: A method of exchanging fluids with suspended particles includes providing a microfluidic device with a first inlet channel operatively coupled to a source of particles and a second inlet channel operatively coupled to an exchange fluid. A transfer channel is connected at a proximal end to the first inlet channel and the second inlet channel. First and second outlet channels are connected to a distal end of the transfer channel. The source of particles is flowed at a first flow rate into the first inlet channel while the exchange fluid is flowed at a second flow rate into the second inlet channel wherein the ratio of the second flow rate to the first flow rate is at least 1.5. Particles are collected in one of the first and second outlet channels while fluid substantially free of particles is collected in the other of the first and second outlet channels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignee: THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
    Inventors: Dino Di Carlo, Daniel R. Gossett, Henry T. K. Tse
  • Patent number: 9481705
    Abstract: A modular chemical production system includes multiple modules for performing a chemical reaction, particularly of radiochemical compounds, from a remote location. One embodiment comprises a reaction vessel including a moveable heat source with the position thereof relative to the reaction vessel being controllable from a remote position. Alternatively the heat source may be fixed in location and the reaction vial is moveable into and out of the heat source. The reaction vessel has one or more sealing plugs, the positioning of which in relationship to the reaction vessel is controllable from a remote position. Also the one or more reaction vessel sealing plugs can include one or more conduits there through for delivery of reactants, gases at atmospheric or an elevated pressure, inert gases, drawing a vacuum and removal of reaction end products to and from the reaction vial, the reaction vial with sealing plug in position being operable at elevated pressures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2016
    Assignee: THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
    Inventors: Nagichettiar Satyamurthy, Jorge R. Barrio, Bernard Amarasekera, R. Michael Van Dam, Sebastian Olma, Dirk Williams, Mark Eddings, Clifton Kwang-Fu Shen
  • Patent number: 9472372
    Abstract: A charged particle beam writing apparatus includes a stage configured to mount a sample placed thereon; an electron optical column including a charged particle gun and deflector, wherein the charged particle gun is configured to emit a charged particle beam, and the deflector includes a plurality of deflecting electrodes configured to control a path of the charged particle beam; an ozone introducing mechanism configured to introduce ozone into the electron optical column; a first voltage supply unit configured to apply a deflection voltage to the plurality of deflecting electrodes to deflect the charged particle beam; and a second voltage supply unit configured to apply an identical negative DC voltage to the plurality of deflecting electrodes, wherein a negative voltage in which the deflection voltage and the negative DC voltage are added is applied to the plurality of deflecting electrodes while the sample is irradiated by the charged particle beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: NuFlare Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Taku Yamada, Kaoru Tsuruta, Yasuyuki Taneda, Kenji Ohtoshi
  • Patent number: 9360662
    Abstract: An optical measurement system for measuring a critical dimension having a nanostructured surface including a nanostructure formed on a plane. The optical measurement system includes an image recording module including a microscope optical system which records a defocused image having an nonuniform degree of defocusing with respect to the nanostructured surface, an optical scheme parameter control module which sets and outputs to the microscope optical system optical scheme parameters for the microscope optical system, an image calculation module which receives receiving the optical scheme parameters set by the optical scheme parameter control module and calculates an image of the nanostructured surface, and a comparison module which compares the defocused image recorded by the image recording module and the image calculated by the image calculation module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2016
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Sergey Nikolaevich Koptyaev, Maxim Vladimirovich Ryabko, Michael Nikolaevich Rychagov
  • Patent number: 9352984
    Abstract: The invention is directed to apparatus for treating water by exposing the water to a pulsed plasma discharge. The pulsed plasma discharge is generated using a suitable electrode configuration to generate the plasma discharge in the fluid. Apparatus useful in the method may include a vessel, at least two electrodes for generating a plasma discharge in water, and a flow inlet and a flow outlet to allow water to be passed through the vessel. Also described is an in-line water treatment, where a pulsed plasma discharge is used in a pipe carrying moving water. Plasma based fluid treatment system may have many advantages in comparison to other treatment methods, such as very minimal maintenance, low operating power, and minimal pressure loss through the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2016
    Assignee: Drexel University
    Inventors: Christopher A. Campbell, Young I. Cho, Alexander F. Gutsol, Alexander Fridman, Frank T. Snyder, Vincent Szarko, Erik Yelk, Jesse Zanolini, Victor N. Vasilets
  • Patent number: 9321645
    Abstract: An ozone generator includes a housing having an internal cavity and a plurality of electrode pairs located in the internal cavity. The electrode pairs each contain two electrodes arranged at a distance of a predetermined gap length, and a discharge space is formed between the two electrodes, whereby ozone is produced when a source gas flows at least between the two electrodes and a discharge is generated between the two electrodes. The ozone generator has a non-discharge portion in an arbitrary cross-section having a normal direction parallel to a main flow direction of the source gas in the internal cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Assignee: NGK Insulators, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshimasa Kondo, Shoji Yokoi, Tatsuya Terazawa, Naoya Takase
  • Patent number: 9289522
    Abstract: A system for sterilizing a fluid includes a fluid source and a sterilization container bounding a fluid flow path that is in fluid communication with the fluid source. The sterilization container is comprised of one or more polymeric walls. An electron beam generator is configured to direct an electron beam through at least a portion of the fluid flow path of the sterilization container, the electron beam being sufficient to sterilize a fluid within the fluid flow path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: Life Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Michael E. Goodwin, Nephi D. Jones, Bradley H. Buchanan
  • Patent number: 9287865
    Abstract: In one embodiment, an apparatus comprises a pulse driver configured to generate an electrical pulse for transmission to a capacitive touch sensor. The apparatus further comprises a timing circuit configured to hold a first switch closed and a second switch open during a first edge of the electrical pulse, and hold the second switch closed and the first switch open during of a second edge of the electrical pulse. The apparatus further comprises a first capacitor configured to receive a first amount of charge that is indicative of a capacitance of an area of the capacitive touch sensor and a second capacitor configured to discharge a second amount of charge that is indicative of the capacitance of the area of the capacitive touch sensor. The apparatus further comprises a differential output configured to provide a measure of the voltage difference between the first capacitor and second capacitor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Assignee: Atmel Corporation
    Inventors: Tajeshwar Singh, Trond Pedersen, Terje Saether
  • Patent number: 9227169
    Abstract: A device for carrying out gas reactions, comprising a plasma reactor with a through-flow of gases which has a, particularly cylindrical, plasma chamber, wherein flow-forming elements for forming a flow of gases are arranged before and/or in and/or after the plasma reactor in order to form a gas stream within the plasma chamber such that at least one, particularly central, zone in the gas flow is formed which is flow-reduced. A method for carrying out gas reactions is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2016
    Assignee: Iplas GmbH
    Inventors: Ralf Spitzl, Arno Behr, Christian Wolff, Thorsten Oberreuther
  • Patent number: 9211520
    Abstract: A modular chemical production system includes multiple modules for performing a chemical reaction, particularly of radiochemical compounds, from a remote location. One embodiment comprises a reaction vessel including a moveable heat source with the position thereof relative to the reaction vessel being controllable from a remote position. Alternatively the heat source may be fixed in location and the reaction vial is moveable into and out of the heat source. The reaction vessel has one or more sealing plugs, the positioning of which in relationship to the reaction vessel is controllable from a remote position. Also the one or more reaction vessel sealing plugs can include one or more conduits there through for delivery of reactants, gases at atmospheric or an elevated pressure, inert gases, drawing a vacuum and removal of reaction end products to and from the reaction vial, the reaction vial with sealing plug in position being operable at elevated pressures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2015
    Assignee: THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
    Inventors: Nagichettiar Satyamurthy, Jorge R. Barrio, Bernard Amarasekera, R. Michael Van Dam, Sebastian Olma, Dirk Williams, Mark Eddings, Clifton Kwang-Fu Shen
  • Patent number: 9205399
    Abstract: The invention relates to the synthesis of silicon-containing nanoparticles by laser pyrolysis. For this purpose: a precursor (SIH4) containing the element silicon is conveyed, by a transport fluid (He), into a pyrolysis reactor (REAC); laser radiation (LAS) is applied, in the reactor, to a mixture that the transport fluid and the precursor form; and silicon-containing nanoparticles (nP) are recovered at the exit of the reactor. In particular, the power of the laser radiation is controlled. Furthermore, the effective pulse duration is controlled within a laser firing period. Typically, for a power greater than 500 watts and a pulse duration greater than 40% of a laser firing period, nanoparticles having a crystalline structure with a size of less than or of the order of one nanometer are obtained at a rate greater than or of the order of 80 milligrams per hour. Under optimum conditions, a record rate of greater than 740 milligrams per hour was able to be obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2015
    Assignee: COMMISSARIAT A L'ENERGIE ATOMIQUE
    Inventors: Nathalie Herlin-Boime, Olivier Sublemontier, Frederic Lacour
  • Patent number: 9162891
    Abstract: An apparatus for manufacturing a carbon nanostructure and a method for manufacturing a carbon nanostructure that can achieve an increase in length and shape stabilization of the carbon nanostructure can be obtained. A manufacturing apparatus for a carbon nanostructure includes a catalyst member on which a carbon nanostructure is grown, a source gas supply unit and a source gas supply pipe, a coil, and a heater. The source gas supply unit and the source gas supply pipe supply the catalyst member with carbon for forming the carbon nanotube. The coil applies a gradient magnetic field (e.g., a cusped magnetic field indicated by magnetic flux line whose magnetic field strength gradually increases from one surface of the catalyst member to the other surface opposite to the one surface. The heater heats the catalyst member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Takeshi Hikata, Soichiro Okubo
  • Patent number: 9132407
    Abstract: Biomass (e.g., plant biomass, animal biomass, and municipal waste biomass) is processed to produce useful products, such as fuels. For example, systems can use feedstock materials, such as cellulosic and/or lignocellulosic materials and/or starchy or sugary materials, to produce ethanol and/or butanol, e.g., by fermentation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: XYLECO, INC.
    Inventor: Marshall Medoff
  • Patent number: 9101260
    Abstract: Devices, systems and methods for cleaning and disinfecting footwear items are disclosed herein. In an aspect a cleaning belt element is configured to rotate a cleaning belt in a continuous loop around a first rotating cylinder and a second rotating cylinder wherein the first rotating cylinder and the second rotating cylinder are connected by the cleaning belt. In another aspect, a containment element is configured to receive the footwear item wherein the containment element comprises a shroud, one or more bristle protruding from at least one inside wall of the shroud, and a transparent floor layer wherein the received footwear item rests In yet another aspect, an ultraviolet light element is configured to emit ultraviolet light from an ultraviolet light source wherein the ultraviolet light source is located below the transparent floor layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Assignee: Aishwarya, LLC
    Inventor: Anu R. Desu-Kalyanam
  • Patent number: 9078540
    Abstract: A process and device are disclosed for creating a low adhesion cooking surface. The process involves placing a hydrogen containing substance on a cooking surface; and extracting the hydrogen from the substance so that the hydrogen remains in recesses on the cooking surface. The hydrogen may be extracted by creating an electric charge on the surface, the electric charge drawing hydrogen into pores or recesses in the surface. The device preferably includes a housing which contains a high voltage generator. The output end of the generator is positioned so as to generate an electric arc when activated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Inventors: Steve Hoffman, Robert E. Cannuscio
  • Patent number: 9044730
    Abstract: A system for processing hydrocarbon materials includes a waveguide having a lateral portion comprising housing having a first end portion configured to be connected to an energy generator, a closed opposite end portion, a primary axis extending from the first end portion to the second end portion, and a central portion having a circular opening. A reaction tube structure comprising an outer wall made of a dielectric material is positioned in or connected to the opening of the waveguide. When hydrocarbon feedstock and process gas are fed into the reaction tube structure and energy is received in the waveguide, energy is propagated to the reaction tube structure to form a plasma within the reaction tube structure and cause the feedstock and process gas to react and form into a product stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Assignee: H Quest Partners, LP
    Inventors: George L. Skoptsov, Alan A. Johnson
  • Publication number: 20150147240
    Abstract: An LED lamp is provided with at least one LED each including an epoxy lens, cathode and anode leads; a reflective cup, a LED chip, and a wire bond; a housing for accommodating a circuit board, the at least one LED mounted on the circuit board, and a fan; openings on the housing; groups of photocatalyst agents coated on areas lit by the LED chip wherein the photocatalyst agents are TiO2 having a particle size in the range of 50 and 300 nano meters; and layers of fluorescent substance coated on areas lit by the LED chip wherein emitted light impinges the layers of fluorescent substance to generate fluorescent light, and wherein white light is generated when emitted light mixes with the fluorescent light. The LED lamp has the functions of disinfection, deodorization, and mildew proofing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2014
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventors: Liann-Be Chang, Fu-Cheng Chuang, Shih-Huan Huang
  • Patent number: 9034180
    Abstract: Disclosed is an improved water treatment cavitation reactor cone. The tank operates on a continuous flow of fluids which are subjected to ultrasonic waves in combination with a high level of injected ozone. The treatment tank includes a tangential inlet that induces a rotating flow into the tank thereby increasing the mixing of the ozone within the effluent. The effluent is further treated with DC current. The treatment tank provides a cost efficient and environmentally friendly process and apparatus for cleaning and recycling fluids as contaminated as frac water, used to stimulate gas production from shale formations, as well as other types of fluids having various levels of contaminants such as aerobic and anaerobic bacteria and suspended solids. The calcium carbonate scaling tendency is reduced to an acceptable level without the use of acids, ion exchange materials, or anti scaling chemicals which is of economical and environmental significance and benefit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Ecosphere Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Dennis McGuire
  • Patent number: 9034194
    Abstract: An apparatus for treating a flow of fluid with microwave radiation, the apparatus comprising: a vessel having a sidewall and opposed first and second end walls defining a substantially cylindrical chamber, the first end wall being disposed a predetermined distance d1 from the second end wall; a pipeline for flowing fluid through, the pipeline passing through the first end wall towards the second end wall of the vessel, the chamber and the pipeline being substantially co-axial and the pipeline being substantially transparent to microwave radiation; and a microwave radiation inlet in the side wall of the vessel for admitting microwave radiation of wavelength ? into the chamber, wherein the distance d1 is substantially equal to an integral multiple of ?/2 so that the chamber is a microwave resonator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: ADVANCED MICROWAVE TECHNOLOGIES LTD
    Inventors: Yuriy Vladimirovich Zadyraka, Sergey Ivanovich Gritsinin, Mamikon Aramovich Misakyan, Igor Antonovich Kossyl, Eduard Mikailovich Barkhudarou
  • Patent number: 9028689
    Abstract: An aqueous fluid treatment method and system is provided which preferably uses a 3 step electro-chemical oxidation process to remove organic contaminates from water. A high surface area electro-chemical reaction cell can be employed to remove organic particles and precipitate hardness salts from the aqueous solution. Several 3-phase spark arcs generated mixed oxidants and acoustic cavitations to remove dissolved organic compounds and oxidize organic metal compounds in the next step. Finally, a dielectric discharge in aqueous foam is used to eliminate recalcitrant organic compounds such as, but not limited to, polychlorinated aromatics, disinfectants, pesticides, and pharmaceuticals before release to environment or recycled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Global Water Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Michael Fraim, Sanjeev Jakhete
  • Publication number: 20150125355
    Abstract: Provided is a multi-purpose conservation apparatus. The multi-purpose conservation apparatus includes a storage case, a light source module disposed in the storage case and configured to selectively remove a harmful gas in the storage case, and a control unit configured to control intensity of radiation of the light source module according to internal environmental data of the storage case. Accordingly, the intensity of radiation of the light source module can be adjusted according to the internal environmental data of the storage case, efficiently adjusting a level of photocatalysis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: Seoul VIOSYS Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: SeongMin Lee, YoungHwan Son, DaeWoong Suh
  • Patent number: 9023214
    Abstract: The invention provides a method and apparatus for creating plasma particles and applying the plasma particles to a liquid. Liquid feedstock (e.g., water and/or hydrocarbons mixed with biomass) is pumped through a pipeline; the single-phase stream is then transformed into a biphasic liquid-and-gas stream inside a chamber. The transformation is achieved by transitioning the stream from a high pressure zone to a lower-pressure zone. The pressure drop may occur when the stream further passes through a device for atomizing liquid. Inside the chamber, an electric field is generated with an intensity level that exceeds the threshold of breakdown voltage of the biphasic medium leading to a generation of a plasma state. Furthermore, the invention provides an energy-efficient highly adaptable and versatile method and apparatus for sanitizing water using plasma particles to inactivate biological agents contaminating water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: AIC, LLC
    Inventor: Alfredo Zolezzi-Garreton
  • Publication number: 20150110694
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to methods and systems for carrying out a pH-influenced chemical and/or biological reaction. In some embodiments, the pH-influenced reaction involves the conversion of CO2 to a dissolved species.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 3, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Aly Eldeen O. Eltayeb, Michael C. Stern, Trevor Alan Hatton
  • Patent number: 9011803
    Abstract: Methods and systems for producing silane that use electrolysis to regenerate reactive components therein are disclosed. The methods and systems may be substantially closed-loop with respect to halogen, an alkali or alkaline earth metal and/or hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: SunEdison, Inc.
    Inventors: Puneet Gupta, Henry F. Erk, Alexis Grabbe
  • Patent number: 9011698
    Abstract: A method and devices comprise a low frequency high energy ultrasound system having at least one sonotrode projecting into a reactor vessel through which the liquid passes via at least one inlet orifice and at least one outlet orifice. To avoid cavitation at the sonotrode, in a close region of the oscillation-transducing sonotrode surface a pressure/amplitude combination close to or above the pressure-amplitude characteristic line is generated at which considerably reduced or no cavitation occurs and in the adjacent region in the vessel at least in a region and at least at times a pressure/amplitude combination is maintained below the pressure-amplitude characteristic line at which cavitation is generated. A device has an inlet orifice arranged such that the liquid impacts directly onto the oscillation-transducing sonotrode surface, and is shaped that in the close region of the oscillation-transducing sonotrode surface a pressure close to or above the pressure-amplitude characteristic line prevails.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Dr. Hielscher GmbH
    Inventors: Harald Hielscher, Holger Hielscher, Thomas Hielscher
  • Patent number: 9011700
    Abstract: Systems, devices, and methods for generating energized water molecules and administering same to a human or other biological subject. The system includes a humidifying apparatus, and excitation apparatus, and a control system. The system may further include a fluid management system to assist in the delivery of energized water molecules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: eng3 Corporation
    Inventors: Hans-Joachim Eng, Bruce William Adams
  • Patent number: 9011579
    Abstract: This disclosure describes embodiments of an air treatment apparatus that stimulates formation of large moisture droplets from small moisture droplets found in air flowing in power generating systems to a turbo-machine. In one example, the embodiments generate a field that promotes contact between the smaller moisture droplets. This contact can increase the size of moisture droplets to facilitate condensation of moisture out of the air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: BHA Altair, LLC
    Inventors: Abhijeet Madhukar Kulkarni, Martin Gregory Hatfield, Richard Michael Ashley Mann
  • Publication number: 20150105716
    Abstract: A system for the administration of modified plasma to a subject, including: (a) a non thermal plasma (NTP) emitting source for emitting a plasma beam; (b) a plasma coupling mechanism (PCM) with a plasma beam dish having at least one opening for the passage of the plasma beam; the plasma beam dish having a first surface and a second opposite surface. The first surface of the plasma beam dish includes: at least one coupling element selected from the group consisting of: (1) at least one ferroelectric element for providing the field; (2) at least one ferromagnetic element for providing the field; (3) at least one piezoelectric element for providing the field; and (4) at least one piezomagnetic element for providing the field. The system additionally includes at least one reflecting element configured to focus the NTP beam, thereby providing the modified plasma.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Orit ISH-YAMINI TOMER, Tamar Levin
  • Publication number: 20150102255
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a liquid treatment device and a liquid treatment method each capable of efficiently generating plasma and treating a liquid in a short time period. A liquid treatment device according to the present disclosure includes a first electrode, a second electrode disposed in a liquid, an insulator disposed surrounding the first electrode through a space, the insulator having an opening portion at a position in contact with the liquid, and a power supply that applies an AC voltage or a pulse voltage between the first electrode and the second electrode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Shin-ichi IMAI, Hironori KUMAGAI, Mari ONODERA
  • Patent number: 9005452
    Abstract: A device for purifying a fluid is disclosed. The aforesaid device comprises: (a) a passage adapted for conducting a flow of the fluid, said passage provided with input and output openings; (b) a plurality of elongate members coated with a titanium oxide disposed within the passage; (c) fastening means for mechanically fixating terminals of the elongate members within the passage; (d) at least one source of ultraviolet radiation adapted for illuminating the elongate members; (e) pumping means adapted for generating the fluid flow through the passage from the input opening to the output opening. The fastening means comprises at least two fasteners. Each fastener comprises two mutually orthogonal spaced apart pluralities of parallel rods. The rods are adapted for restricting lateral displacement of the elongate members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Inventors: Alex Arenshtam, Pinchas Maman
  • Patent number: 8999154
    Abstract: Disclosed is a water treatment apparatus for treating Lake Okeechobee water. The treatment apparatus operates on a continuous flow of water which is subjected to hydrodynamic waves, acoustic ultrasonic waves in combination with injected ozone and electrolysis. The treatment system provides a cost efficient and environmentally friendly process for cleaning contaminated water that is directed into estuaries, lagoons, intracoastal waterway, everglades, and the ocean. Treatment includes addressing various levels of contaminants such as aerobic bacteria, often called a green slime that produces a bio-film. The apparatus can be mounted on a vessel to permit targeting of algae blooms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Ecosphere Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Dennis McGuire
  • Publication number: 20150090937
    Abstract: Disclosed is a photocatalyst, and methods for its use, that includes a photoactive material comprising a photonic band gap and an electronic band gap, wherein the photonic band gap at least partially overlaps with the electronic band gap, and an electrically conductive material deposited on the photoactive material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Hicham IDRISS, Ahmed Khaja WAHAB, Maher AL-OUFI, Geoff WATERHOUSE
  • Patent number: 8992739
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a silicon-based nanocomposite anode active material for the lithium secondary battery and the lithium secondary battery using same, comprising the following steps: a first step of mounting a silicon-based wire between two electrodes, which are placed in a methanol-based solvent atmosphere, and manufacturing a dispersion solution in which silicon-based nanoparticles are dispersed by means of high-voltage pulse discharging; and a second step of manufacturing a silicon-based nanocomposite body by compositing the silicon-based nanoparticles in the solution and a different type of material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute
    Inventors: Yoon-cheol Ha, Chil-hoon Doh, Chu-hyun Cho
  • Patent number: 8992848
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a delivery apparatus for delivering electromagnetic energy into a solution. The delivery apparatus comprises a coil means arranged within an outer housing for delivering a magnetic field into the solution, a voltage assembly means coupled to the coil means for delivering an electric field into the solution, and connection means for delivering an electromagnetic signal to the coil from electromagnetic signal generation circuitry contained within the housing. The arrangement of the present invention confers significant physical stability on the delivery apparatus and ensures that heat generated by heat generating components of the apparatus is conducted away from the electromagnetic signal generation circuitry so that the apparatus can be operated continuously.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Inventors: Austin Darragh, David Darragh
  • Patent number: 8992849
    Abstract: Disclosed is an apparatus for preparing silicon nanoparticles. The apparatus includes a corona discharge section charging silicon nanoparticles to exhibit unipolarity in order to prevent agglomeration of the silicon nanoparticles after the silicon nanoparticles are generated from an injected gas by plasma reaction of an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) coil. The apparatus may facilitate grain size control of silicon nanoparticles while improving discharge performance of a mesh filter for collection of generated nanoparticles by preventing agglomeration of the silicon nanoparticles generated by plasma reaction using inductively coupled plasma (ICP), and may permit replacement of the mesh filter even during operation of the apparatus, thereby improving productivity while reducing manufacturing costs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventors: Bo-Yun Jang, Joon-Soo Kim, Jin-Seok Lee