Including Flow Directing Baffle Attached Directly To Reaction Chamber Wall Patents (Class 422/228)
  • Patent number: 10293321
    Abstract: A tray support insert and method of use for supporting one or more trays within a reactor chamber. The tray support insert includes at least one annular member which rests upon a support shoulder within the reactor chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Edwin Maas, Remco Schilthuizen
  • Patent number: 8980196
    Abstract: A method of reacting compounds can include directing a liquid into a helical constrained flow (37) having an inner circumferential flow surface and an outer circumferential flow surface. The helical constrained flow (37) can be formed around an axial interior volume (38). At least a portion of the helical constrained flow can be exposed to a sparging portion (35) to allow a fluid to be sparged into the liquid along the helical constrained flow (37). The fluid reactant can be sparged through the helical constrained flow so as to form a fluid product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignees: University of Utah Research Foundation, Ambre Energy Limited
    Inventors: Wlodzimierz W. Zmierczak, Jan Dean Miller, Raj Rajamani, Steven Messiter, Nicholas Drinnan, Edward Choros
  • Patent number: 8980191
    Abstract: An apparatus 1 for manufacturing trichlorosilane includes a decomposition furnace 2 into which polymers and hydrogen chloride are introduced, the decomposition furnace 2 includes: a heating device 11 which heats an interior of the decomposition furnace 2; a reaction chamber 4 which is formed in the decomposition furnace; a center tube 3 which is inserted in the reaction chamber 4 along a longitudinal direction of the reaction chamber and has a lower-end opening portion 3a; raw-material-supply pipes 5 and 6 which supplies the polymer and the hydrogen chloride to the reaction chamber 4 at an exterior of the center tube 3; and a gas-discharge pipe 7 which leads out reacted gas from the center tube 3, the apparatus 1 further includes a fin 14 that leads the polymer and the hydrogen chloride to the lower-end opening portion 3a of the center tube 3 so as to stir the polymer and the hydrogen chloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventors: Toshiyuki Ishii, Eiji Komai, Harumi Satoh
  • Patent number: 8960991
    Abstract: A device is provided with which it is possible to produce poly(methyl methacrylate) bone-cement paste, which is degassed to the greatest extent possible, while avoiding large-volume mixing containers and large cement volumes contained therein. The device includes a tubular hollow body (10) having a first opening (30) on the input side and a second opening (20) on the output side, at least one rotatably-mounted shaft (40) arranged in the axial direction in the tubular hollow body (10), thread turns (50) arranged axially along the outer side of the shaft (40), wherein the shaft (40) has at least one section with thread turns (50) whose pitch decreases in the direction of the second opening (20), at least one stirring blade (60) arranged on the shaft (40), and rigid mixing elements (70) arranged on the inner side of the tubular hollow body (10).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Heraeus Medical GmbH
    Inventors: Sebastian Vogt, Hubert Büchner
  • Publication number: 20140271413
    Abstract: A reactor vessel for complexecelle formation is described. The reactor vessel has a vessel for containing a first reactant wherein the vessel comprises an open top. A lid is provided for attachment to the vessel which is adapted for sealing the open top. An impeller shaft extends through the lid and into the vessel wherein the impeller comprises at least one stirrer blade extending from the impeller shaft and the impeller shaft is adapted to rotate in the first reactant. A gas diffuser extends into the first reactant. A gas source is provided which is capable of providing gas to the gas diffuser for dispersing the gas into the first reactant. The rotating impeller shaft and gas source are capable of simultaneously acting to form bubble surfaces of the first reactant. A metering device is provided for introducing a second reactant to the vessel onto the bubble surfaces.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Perfect Lithium Corp.
    Inventor: Perfect Lithium Corp.
  • Patent number: 8802020
    Abstract: A reactor for preparing hydrogen cyanide by the Andrussow process is provided. The reactor comprises at least one gas inlet which opens into a gas inlet region, an outlet for the reaction products and a catalyst, wherein at least one mixing element and at least one gas-permeable intermediate layer are within the reactor between the gas inlet region and the catalyst. The mixing element is arranged between the gas inlet region and the gas-permeable intermediate layer. A process for preparing HCN, in the reactor is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Evonik Röhm GmbH
    Inventors: Thomas Schaefer, Robert Weber, Udo Gropp, Thomas Mertz
  • Publication number: 20140065029
    Abstract: A reactor having a top to bottom design configuration capable of being operated in an up flow or down flow configuration with equal ease, where the reactor includes a plurality of tubes optionally housed within a shell and includes top and bottom screen assemblies capable of retaining a catalyst within the tubes, while permitting reactants and products to flow through them.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2012
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Applicant: DYNAMIC ENGINEERING INC.
    Inventors: David B. Heinrich, W. Blake Hendrix, Jon M. Bill, Kevin J. Drumm
  • Patent number: 8653207
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process and apparatus for preparing an ethylene polymer by free radical polymerization under ultra-high pressure. The polymerization is carried out in an autoclave reactor in the presence of a free radical initiator. The autoclave reactor is characterized by having one or more elongated baffles affixed to the interior reactor wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: Westlake Longview Corporation
    Inventors: Bailey James Salmon, Alan G. Wonders, Wayne S. Strasser
  • Patent number: 8596858
    Abstract: A vertical solid-liquid contact apparatus including a plurality of stirring chambers disposed vertically adjacent to each other in series, a plurality of partitioning plates each partitioning an adjacent pair of the stirring chambers and provided with a communicating hole for communication between the adjacent pair of the stirring chambers, and a liquid inlet and a solid inlet provided at an upper part and a lower part of the apparatus. Each stirring chamber having an inner side wall defining the stirring chamber, a radially ejecting stirring blade, and at least one baffle fixed on the inner side wall. The stirring blade and the baffle are positionally biased to a lower side of the stirring chamber. The apparatus provides a good uniformity of solid-liquid flows and a high contact efficiency, is also simple in structure and allows easy scale-up.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Kureha Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroaki Ohashi, Igari Yutaka, Kobayashi Masanori, Otawara Kentaro
  • Patent number: 8529844
    Abstract: An apparatus for producing trichlorosilane includes: a decomposing furnace, a heating unit heating the inside of the decomposing furnace, a raw material supplying tube for guiding polymer and hydrogen chloride to be guided to the inner bottom portion of the decomposing furnace, and a gas discharge tube for discharging reaction gas from the top of the reaction chamber provided between the outer peripheral surface of the raw material supplying tube and the inner peripheral surface of the decomposing furnace, a fin, which guides a fluid mixture of the polymer and the hydrogen chloride supplied from the lower end opening of the raw material supplying tube to be agitated and rise upward in the reaction chamber, and is formed integrally with at least one of the outer peripheral surface of the raw material supplying tube and the inner peripheral surface of the decomposing furnace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventors: Toshiyuki Ishii, Eiji Komai, Harumi Satoh
  • Patent number: 8518336
    Abstract: The present invention provides for a thermo-chemical reactor vessel having a plurality of planer baffles with an offset and opposing orientation affixed to the interior sides of the vessel. The materials which are to be processed enter the reactor from the top and move downward by gravity and the rate of movement is controlled by the internal configuration of the plurality of planar surfaces. The slope angle of said plurality of planar baffles can be controlled from outside of the vessel. Further, the angle of the interior planar baffles can be changed from horizontal to near vertical. Still further, the plurality of planar baffles can be vibrated using pulsed gas released from beneath the baffle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Mid-Atlantic Technology, Research & Innovation Center, Inc.
    Inventors: Kenneth Michael Skinner, Arthur L. Lucas, III
  • Patent number: 8398863
    Abstract: Water-purifying apparatus which generates anions and processing method thereof, which activates water through generating anions to obtain good quality purified water corresponding to pure life-giving water. Raw water introduced into the water-purifying apparatus is introduced into an inflow pipe formed in a zigzag shape and rotating units are rotated by flow rate of the introduced raw water, to raise a vortex phenomenon to generate bubbles. Accordingly, anion content and dissolved oxygen amount increases. Moreover, filter members filter poisonous impurities in the raw water to provide good quality purified water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Inventor: Chun Haeng Cho
  • Patent number: 8388902
    Abstract: A method for regenerating activated coke used for treating wastewater or sewage is provided. The method includes loading the activated coke to an environment under 150 to 250° C., heating the activated coke to a temperature of 700 to 850° C. for about 40 to 90 minutes; and providing a steam to the activated coke with a rate of 0.1 to 0.5 m3/(ton of activated coke). When the activated coke is being heated at the temperature, it generates a gas mixture including a steam portion and at least a paraffine gas. The gas mixture flows along a reverse direction relative to a flow of cooling water, so that the steam portion is converted into a part of the cooling water for recycling. The paraffine gas is used as a fuel. An apparatus for regenerating the activated coke used for treating wastewater or sewage is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignees: Dawei Zhang, Mississippi International Water, Inc.
    Inventor: Dawei Zhang
  • Publication number: 20130008514
    Abstract: A device enables the more stable performance of uniform treatment such as reaction by reducing pulsation generated in a fluid introduced between treatment surfaces using a micropump effect. The device treats an object between treatment surfaces. The treatment is performed by introducing a fluid between the treatment surfaces using a micropump effect. The micropump effect generates force in the direction in which the treatment surfaces move away from each other by the rotation of a treatment part and the recessed section formed in the treatment surface to thereby produce the effect of introducing the fluid between the treatment surfaces. The recessed section is formed so as to extend in the circumferential direction and inward/outward direction of the treatment surface, and multiple recessed sections are provided or an additional recessed section (a) different from the recessed sections is formed in at least one of the treatment surfaces.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 8, 2011
    Publication date: January 10, 2013
    Inventor: Masakazu Enomura
  • Patent number: 8293944
    Abstract: A reaction apparatus which is used for conducting a gas-liquid chemical reaction in a state that a liquid is in a continuous phase, wherein its reactor has therein a shear type stirring impeller for dispersing a raw reaction gas or a carrier gas and a film-formed catalyst, which apparatus is capable of producing a target reaction product; and a process for producing a tertiary amine in such reaction apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: Kao Corporation
    Inventors: Atsushi Hirota, Toru Nishimura
  • Patent number: 8263007
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a slurry bed loop reactor comprising a riser and at least one downcomer (3), wherein two ends of the riser are connected to two ends of the downcomer (3) via lines (16) and (7), respectively. The riser comprises a reaction section (1) and a settling section (2) with an increased tube diameter disposed on the reaction section (1). A gas outlet (13) exists at the top of the settling section (2). Each of the downcomers (3) is divided into a filtrate section (5) and a slurry section (6) by filter medium (4), wherein the filtrate section (5) is connected to a liquid outlet (10); two ends of the slurry section (6) are respectively connected to two ends of the riser, and the filtrate region (5) may further be connected to a back purging system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Assignees: China Petroleum Chemical Corporation, Research Institute of Petroleum Processing, Sinopec
    Inventors: Zhanzhu Zhang, Lifeng Hu, Xiaojin Tang, Shaobing Wang, Shuandi Hou, Junyi Mao, Hongliang Qu
  • Patent number: 8216522
    Abstract: Catalyst regeneration vessels including a chlorination zone that includes an outer mixing chamber, an inner mixing chamber, and a catalyst bed. The outer mixing chamber can include a lower portion and an upper portion, the lower portion of the outer mixing chamber including at least one air nozzle that injects a drying air stream into the outer mixing chamber, at least one chlorine input nozzle that injects a chlorine input stream into the outer mixing chamber, and at least a first baffle. The chlorination zone can also contain a second baffle that directs the mixed drying air stream and chlorine input stream from the outer mixing chamber to the inner mixing chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Bing Sun, Paul A. Sechrist
  • Patent number: 8216345
    Abstract: A gasification system is disclosed having a combustion or reaction vessel, a scrubber housing, and a filter housing. A carbonaceous fuel is partially combusted in the reaction vessel to generate a combustible gas. An improved ash support and removal system reduces clogging and other problems in the reaction vessel. The combustible gas passes through the scrubber housing to remove matter such as tar and oil, and the scrubbed gas passes through a hybrid blower to the filter housing. Wood chips are used in the filter housing to provide a relatively clean, dry gas. Wastewater and other waste products from the scrubber housing and filter housing are captured and returned to the reaction vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: Verde Reformation, Inc.
    Inventors: Jackie W. Rogers, Michael W. Rogers
  • Patent number: 8187559
    Abstract: The invention relates to a plate (10a) intended to be integrated in a stack of plates in a heat exchanger system, the plate comprising a plurality of channels (38) distributed in rows (40), each row comprising side walls (42) arranged opposite one another and spaced apart from one another in a first direction (44), so that two directly consecutive side walls delimit one of the channels (38), the rows being arranged opposite one another and spaced apart from one another in a second direction (46) which is perpendicular to the first. Furthermore, in the fluid circulation zone (20) of the plate incorporating the channels (38), only the latter are coated with a catalyst allowing a chemical reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignees: Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Renault S.A.S.
    Inventors: Jean-Antoine Gruss, Emmanuelle Duval-Brunel, Andre Van Veen, Claude Mirodatos
  • Patent number: 8187551
    Abstract: An apparatus 1 for manufacturing trichlorosilane includes a decomposition furnace 2 into which polymers and hydrogen chloride are introduced, the decomposition furnace 2 includes: a heating device 11 which heats an interior of the decomposition furnace 2; a reaction chamber 4 which is formed in the decomposition furnace; a center tube 3 which is inserted in the reaction chamber 4 along a longitudinal direction of the reaction chamber and has a lower-end opening portion 3a; raw-material-supply pipes 5 and 6 which supplies the polymer and the hydrogen chloride to the reaction chamber 4 at an exterior of the center tube 3; and a gas-discharge pipe 7 which leads out reacted gas from the center tube 3, the apparatus 1 further includes a fin 14 that leads the polymer and the hydrogen chloride to the lower-end opening portion 3a of the center tube 3 so as to stir the polymer and the hydrogen chloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventors: Toshiyuki Ishii, Eiji Komai, Harumi Satoh
  • Patent number: 8187552
    Abstract: An apparatus for producing trichlorosilane includes: a decomposing furnace, a heating unit heating the inside of the decomposing furnace, a raw material supplying tube for guiding polymer and hydrogen chloride to be guided to the inner bottom portion of the decomposing furnace, and a gas discharge tube for discharging reaction gas from the top of the reaction chamber provided between the outer peripheral surface of the raw material supplying tube and the inner peripheral surface of the decomposing furnace, a fin, which guides a fluid mixture of the polymer and the hydrogen chloride supplied from the lower end opening of the raw material supplying tube to be agitated and rise upward in the reaction chamber, and is formed integrally with at least one of the outer peripheral surface of the raw material supplying tube and the inner peripheral surface of the decomposing furnace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventors: Toshiyuki Ishii, Eiji Komai, Harumi Satoh
  • Patent number: 8119084
    Abstract: A reactor for the autorefrigerant alkylation process has a cylindrical upright reactor vessel with the inlet for the refrigerant reactant and the sulfuric acid at its lower end and a series of inlets for the olefin reactant at vertically spaced intervals up the length of the reactor. An extended, sinuous flow path for the reactants is provided by means co-acting baffles co-acting baffles having, alternately along the length of the reactor, central flow passages and peripheral flow passages for the reaction mixture to define sequential reaction zones in which alkylation takes place. The baffles interact with a rotary mixer with multiple impellers located on the reactor axis. The reaction mixture flows alternately towards and away from the reactor walls in the sequence of serial reaction zones within the reactor to promote mixing of the isoparaffin reactant with the acid catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research & Engineering Company
    Inventors: Ramon A. Strauss, Ramesh R. Hemrajani, Guido L. Spinelli
  • Patent number: 8119083
    Abstract: This invention relates to a multiphase reactor which is especially suitable for desulfurization of flue gas. A rotary build-in member comprising a axisymmetric body and an annular axisymmetric body is fixed on the shell of the reactor. The shell is cylindrical, and its surface is smooth or waved. The maximum diameter of the axisymmetric body is no less than the inner diameter of the annular axisymmetric body. The axisymmetric body is installed on the annular axisymmetric body coaxially. One rotary build-in member and its corresponding shell constitute an unit, and the reactor may have one or more such units. The multiphase reactor can effectively improve the flow pattern of the fluid and the contact of gas-liquid-solid three-phase of the reactants, speed up the mass transfer, and prevent deposition of the solid phase. The reactor is simple in structure and convenient for use. It can be used in the fields such as environmental protection, chemical engineering, metallurgy, and architectural industries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Inventor: Hanxiang Shi
  • Patent number: 8119843
    Abstract: A reaction apparatus which is used for conducting a gas-liquid chemical reaction in a state that a liquid is in a continuous phase, wherein its reactor has therein a shear type stirring impeller for dispersing a raw reaction gas or a carrier gas and a film-formed catalyst, which apparatus is capable of producing a target reaction product; and a process for producing a tertiary amine in such reaction apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignee: Kao Corporation
    Inventors: Atsushi Hirota, Toru Nishimura
  • Patent number: 8038958
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for decomposing and recovering an isocyanate compound, which comprises: continuously mixing and dispersing into water at high pressure and high temperature an isocyanate compound having at least one isocyanate group or group derived from an isocyanate group in a molten state or solution state, supplying a liquid mixture containing the isocyanate compound and the water at high pressure and high temperature continuously to a reactor, followed by subjecting the isocyanate compound to a decomposition reaction in the reactor, and recovering a raw material for the isocyanate compound or a derivative thereof; and an apparatus for decomposing and recovering an isocyanate compound, which comprises: a reactor which brings water at high pressure and high temperature into contact with an isocyanate compound having at least one isocyanate group or group derived from an isocyanate group to cause a decomposition reaction, a water supply line which continuously supplies the water at
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2011
    Assignees: Kobe Steel, Ltd., Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Fumihiko Kasuya, Masahiro Yamagata, Shigetoshi Suzuki, Tadashi Yoshida
  • Patent number: 8033531
    Abstract: An apparatus for mixing a liquid with a large gas stream flowing in a gas duct, especially for introducing reducing agent into flue gas containing nitrogen oxides. At least one metering lance having at least two atomizer nozzles supplies liquid to the gas stream, with the nozzles being inclined relative to the direction of flow of the gas stream and being inclined in opposite directions relative to one another. At least one disk-shaped mixer element is associated with and spaced from the nozzles, and is inclined relative to the direction of flow of the gas stream. Flow eddies form at the mixer element, and at least a portion of the liquid enters the flow eddies. Atomization is effected in such a way by the mixer element that volatilized gaseous portions in the nozzle streams exiting the nozzles enter the flow eddies, while non-volatized droplet portions, due to their inertia and an atomizer angle, do not enter the flow eddies in the vicinity of the mixer element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2011
    Assignee: Fisia Babcock Environment GmbH
    Inventors: Gerd Beckmann, Ulrich Priesmeier
  • Patent number: 7985381
    Abstract: Catalyst regeneration vessels including a chlorination zone that includes an outer mixing chamber, an inner mixing chamber, and a catalyst bed. The outer mixing chamber can include a lower portion and an upper portion, the lower portion of the outer mixing chamber including at least one air nozzle that injects a drying air stream into the outer mixing chamber, at least one chlorine input nozzle that injects a chlorine input stream into the outer mixing chamber, and at least a first baffle. The chlorination zone can also contain a second baffle that directs the mixed drying air stream and chlorine input stream from the outer mixing chamber to the inner mixing chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2011
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Bing Sun, Paul Alvin Sechrist
  • Patent number: 7964026
    Abstract: A gasification system having a combustor vessel, an optional scrubber vessel, an optional fixer vessel, an optional cyclone vessel and an optional demister vessel. A wide variety of possibly moist solid or semi-solid carbonaceous fuels may be partially combusted in the combustor to generate a combustible gas and a mineral ash. An improved ash support and removal subsystem reduces clogging and other problems. The combustible gas is conveyed by optional heavy-duty blowers through the optional vessels to remove liquids and particulates and to undergo catalytic chemical reactions to provide a relatively clean, dry, highly-combustible hydrocarbon gas that captures a relatively high fraction of the potential heating value of the fuel. Internal gases, liquids and particulates from the vessels may be recycled inside the system to improve efficiency and prevent liquid waste. A portion of the internal liquids may also be extracted for other uses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Assignee: Power Reclamation, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael W. Rogers
  • Patent number: 7964150
    Abstract: A system, process, and apparatus are provided for the efficient continuous production of hydrates. Gas separated from a well fluid is fed into a hydrate reactor that is submerged under the sea at a predetermined depth. The hydrates generated in the hydrate reactor are then transferred to a marine vessel for shipping.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventor: John T. Balczewski
  • Patent number: 7964153
    Abstract: In an upflow reactor for reacting heavy hydrocarbons with hydrogen gas in a liquefied catalyst slurry, that mixture is recirculated down through a downcomer having an upper degassing section which includes a frusto-conical upper surface. The mixture is caused to flow along that surface in a downward helical path, such that heavier components are centrifugally urged outwardly, and lighter components, e.g., gas, migrate inwardly. The gas bubbles can thus coalesce such that small bubbles become bigger bubbles having a greater tendency to rise out of the downcomer. Baffles placed on the upper surface can maximize the residence time of the mixture in the degassing section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventor: Abdenour Kemoun
  • Patent number: 7939028
    Abstract: An apparatus for continuous high temperature gas treatment of particulate matter including a starting material supply port (1) through which starting particulate matter is supplied from an upper part of the apparatus; a treatment gas supply port (2) through which a treating gas is supplied; a product discharge port (3) through which a product after treatment is discharged from a lower part of the apparatus; a treatment chamber (4) in which the particulate matter is treated with the treatment gas; a gas-solid separation chamber (5) provided in fluid communication with an upper part of the treatment chamber (4); and a cooling chamber (6) provided in fluid communication with a lower part of the treatment chamber (4). A heater (7) is provided on the outer periphery of the upper part of the treatment chamber (4), and a cooler (8) is provided on the outer periphery of the cooling chamber (6).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Assignee: Kureha Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroaki Ohashi, Masaru Kagoshima, Yoshiki Shigaki
  • Patent number: 7922981
    Abstract: Apparatus for intensifying heterogeneous chemical reactions is described. For the case of liquid-liquid reactions, with drops of a reactant distributed throughout the second continuous reactant, the physical phenomena of drop dispersion (break up) and drop coalescence are identified as the main physical steps affecting reaction rates. A basic flow cell structure is described in which the respective actions of dispersion and coalescence can be greatly intensified through the creation of enhanced body forces and shear flow zones. The basic cell structure can be arranged into pipe flow reactors to suit any production or process requirements. The basic cell structure is equally applicable to gas-liquid reactions with drops of one reactant being conveyed by a moving gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2011
    Assignee: Anilitics Process Chemistry & Engineering, Inc.
    Inventor: Edward G. Hauptmann
  • Patent number: 7887763
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an apparatus for use in conducting chemical or biological reactions requiring the input of at least one fluid reagent and/or the output of at least one fluid product, the apparatus comprising a reaction chamber having an inlet for the supply of at least one reactant and an outlet for the recovery of at least one product, the reaction chamber being provided with a regulator comprising a propeller mounted in the reaction chamber in the region of the inlet for dispersing the at least one reactant in the reaction chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2011
    Inventor: Roger Kennedy
  • Patent number: 7871509
    Abstract: Apparatus for modifying bitumen. The apparatus includes a multi-section loop tube reactor A circulation pump (11) circulates bitumen in the reactor (10) and air is introduced at air injection point (13). Bitumen is introduced into the reactor (10) at inlet (14) by variable speed pump P1. A plurality of mixers (15) are located between the air injection point (13) and a head section (24) beyond which is an outlet (27) where modified bitumen is drawn off by variable speed pump P2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2011
    Inventor: John Brodie Matthews
  • Patent number: 7850926
    Abstract: A process for the discontinuous production of granules from polycondensation polymers by precondensation of an oligomer at 5 to 400 mbar and subsequent polycondensation in a stirring reactor and subsequent granulation. In the vicinity of the outlet port, the density of the entraining surfaces lies between 1 and 8 m2 per m3 reactor space and constantly increases with increasing distance from the discharge region. Inside the reactor, there is a viscosity gradient between the region most remote from the discharge port and the zone of the discharge port. The thermal decomposition of the polymer melt flowing out of the reactor is compensated during granulation. The stirring reactor with horizontal longitudinal axis approximately has the shape of a single or double truncated cone. The reactor has rotatable, vertical product entraining surfaces and stationary scrapers between the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2010
    Assignee: Lurgi Zimmer GmbH
    Inventors: Fritz Wilhelm, Ferdinand Finkeldei
  • Patent number: 7846402
    Abstract: A screenless reactor design is presented. The reactor includes a series of overlapping vanes where solid catalyst can cascade down the vanes. Gas flows across the catalyst by flowing through the vanes contacting the catalyst and then disengaging from contact with the solid catalyst particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2010
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Paul A. Sechrist
  • Patent number: 7833353
    Abstract: A liquid material vaporization apparatus for a semiconductor processing apparatus includes: a vaporization tank; an inner partition wall disposed in the tank for dividing the interior of the tank into a charging compartment and a vaporization compartment which are liquid-communicatable with each other over an upper edge of the inner partition wall. A liquid material charged in the charging compartment overflows over the upper edge of the inner partition wall toward the vaporization compartment to store and vaporize the liquid material in the vaporization compartment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2010
    Assignee: ASM Japan K.K.
    Inventors: Kazunori Furukawahara, Hideaki Fukuda
  • Patent number: 7820119
    Abstract: The present invention involves a system and method of making ferric chloride with reduced amounts of hydrochloric acid for water treatment. The method comprises preparing a reactant batch comprising ferric oxide and hydrochloric acid at a predetermined molar ratio. The method further includes mixing the reactant batch with an impeller rotating between about 60 and 150 revolutions per minute. The method further includes maintaining the reactant batch at a temperature between about 70° Fahrenheit and 180° Fahrenheit. The method forms a reaction product including ferric chloride and a reduced amount of hydrochloric acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2010
    Assignee: PVS Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Dennis E. Rutkowski, Andy M. Yaksic
  • Patent number: 7803334
    Abstract: A hydrocracking process and apparatus wherein the feedstock is hydrotreated and the liquid and gaseous effluent from the hydrotreater is directly introduced into the upper end of a hydrocracking vessel which provides a liquid seal to prevent the passage of the gaseous stream containing hydrogen sulfide and ammonia from the hydrotreater to enter the hydrocracking zone containing hydrocracking catalyst. Fresh hydrogen is then introduced into the hydrocracking zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2010
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Richard K. Hoehn, Vasant P. Thakkar, Vedula K. Murty, Douglas W. Kocher-Cowan, Jennifer L. Anderson
  • Patent number: 7781548
    Abstract: A microchannel polymerization reactor comprising: (a) a first microchannel adapted to carry a reactant stream; (b) a fluid conduit adapted to carry a fluid in thermal communication with the first microchannel; and (c) a static mixer in fluid communication with the first microchannel adapted to provide a mixing zone operative to change the cross-sectional fluid flow profile at a predetermined point along the first microchannel without changing the primary direction of the reactant stream through the first microchannel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2010
    Assignee: Velocys, Inc.
    Inventors: Sean P. Fitzgerald, David J. Hesse, Anna Lee Y. Tonkovich, Laura J. Silva
  • Patent number: 7780928
    Abstract: An improved radial or cross flow moving bed regenerator or reactor, in which the solid particle residence time in the vessels can be changed in different section of the regenerator or reactor. The improvement results from the placement of one or multiple screen inserts which divides the radial or cross flow bed into separate solid flow channels. The residence time of the solid in each solid flow channels are optimized based on the regeneration or reaction requirement by changing the location, orientation and geometry of the screen inserts. As a result of the optimization of solid residence time in different section in the radial flow bed, the efficiency of a regenerator or a reactor is improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2010
    Inventor: Leon Yuan
  • Patent number: 7767172
    Abstract: The object of the present utility model is to cope with the problems of large volume of the presently known cellpacking type of reactor and the poor effect of heat transfer, and to provide a shell-type reactor with radial baffle, which transfers heat well and reduce the volume of the reactor, comprising a shell (1) and an internal cold plate assembly (2), the internal cold plate assembly (2) fixed within the shell (1); wherein a gas radial distribution vessel (9) and a radial gas cylinder (10) fixed within the shell (1); the radial distribution vessel (9) and the radial gas cylinder (10) could counterchange according to the difference of the gas flow direction; several circles of radial baffling assemblies (12) are provided between the radial distribution vessel (9) and the radial gas cylinder (10), the radial baffling assemblies (12) consisting of several baffling components fixed in an interval mode, an axial baffling through groove or hole is provided between the adjacent baffling components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Inventor: Zhongming Lv
  • Patent number: 7767171
    Abstract: The object of the present utility model is to cope with the problems of large volume of the presently known cellpacking type of reactor and the poor effect of heat transfer, and to provide a shell-type reactor with radial baffle, which transfers heat well and reduce the volume of the reactor, comprising a shell (1) and an internal cold plate assembly (2), the internal cold plate assembly (2) fixed within the shell (1); wherein a gas radial distribution vessel (9) and a radial gas cylinder (10) fixed within the shell (1); the radial distribution vessel (9) and the radial gas cylinder (10) could counterchange according to the difference of the gas flow direction; several circles of radial baffling assemblies (12) are provided between the radial distribution vessel (9) and the radial gas cylinder (10), the radial baffling assemblies (12) consisting of several baffling components fixed in an interval mode, an axial baffling through groove or hole is provided between the adjacent baffling components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Inventor: Zhongming Lv
  • Patent number: 7767601
    Abstract: The object of the present utility model is to cope with the problems of large volume of the presently known cellpacking type of reactor and the poor effect of heat transfer, and to provide a shell-type reactor with radial baffle, which transfers heat well and reduce the volume of the reactor, comprising a shell (1) and an internal cold plate assembly (2), the internal cold plate assembly (2) fixed within the shell (1); wherein a gas radial distribution vessel (9) and a radial gas cylinder (10) fixed within the shell (1); the radial distribution vessel (9) and the radial gas cylinder (10) could counterchange according to the difference of the gas flow direction; several circles of radial baffling assemblies (12) are provided between the radial distribution vessel (9) and the radial gas cylinder (10), the radial baffling assemblies (12) consisting of several baffling components fixed in an interval mode, an axial baffling through groove or hole is provided between the adjacent baffling components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Inventor: Zhongming Lv
  • Patent number: 7736597
    Abstract: An olefin polymerization process and apparatus wherein a fluid slurry comprising monomer, diluent and catalyst is circulated in a continuous loop reactor by two or more pumps. The process and apparatus allow operating the reaction at significantly higher solids content in the circulating fluid slurry. In a preferred embodiment, the fluid slurry is circulated by two impellers arranged so that the downstream impeller benefits from the rotational energy imparted by the upstream impeller. An olefin polymerization process operating at higher reactor solids by virtue of more aggressive circulation has improved efficiencies, particularly in larger-volume reactors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: John D. Hottovy, Dale A. Zellers, Penny A. Zellers, legal representative, Robert K. Franklin, Donald Paul Russell
  • Patent number: 7718137
    Abstract: A system for processing large quantities of a reaction medium while maintaining the reaction medium in sheets. The system includes a reactor having a plurality of vertically-spaced downwardly-sloped trays over which the reaction medium flows while it is subjected to reaction conditions. The slope of the trays increases downwardly to accommodate for the increased viscosity of the reaction medium while the reaction medium flows downwardly through the reactor. An upper portion of the trays have a uni-directional configuration, while a lower portion of the trays have a bi-directional configuration. Further, the orientation of flow across the uni-directional trays is rotated by 90 degrees in at least one location as the reaction medium flows down the uni-directional trays.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2010
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: Thomas Lloyd Yount, Larry Cates Windes, Bruce Roger DeBruin
  • Patent number: 7704465
    Abstract: Aluminum hydroxide aggregated particles which have an average particle diameter of not less than 40 ?m, an average particle diameter as determined after pressing at 1,000 kg/cm2 of not more than 35 ?m, and an L value of slurry obtained by mixing 20 ml of glycerol and 10 g of the aluminum hydroxide aggregated particles of not more than 69, are obtained by a process comprising the steps of: (a) feeding a supersaturated aqueous sodium aluminate solution to a vessel, (b) adding aluminum hydroxide seeds to the supersaturated aqueous sodium aluminate solution, (c) stirring the seed-added solution in the vessel while continuously feeding an additional supersaturated aqueous sodium aluminate solution into the vessel to hydrolyze the supersaturated aqueous sodium aluminate solution, (d) separating the aluminum hydroxide aggregated particles from the aqueous sodium aluminate solution, and (e) continuously discharging the aqueous sodium aluminate solution out of the vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2010
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Hisakatsu Kato, Masashi Wada, Naoyuki Eguchi, Hirofumi Sasaki
  • Patent number: 7678267
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device for thermally purifying waste water, comprising a tank through which waste water can flow. The inventive device is characterized by having at least one flow guiding means for guiding the waste water inside the tank in an essentially meandering manner, and by having at least one heating means inside the tank for regulating a predetermined temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2010
    Assignee: Ami-Agrolinz Melamine International GmbH
    Inventors: Wolfgang Ruech, Christoph Neumuller, Frank Schroder
  • Patent number: 7674439
    Abstract: A quench zone mixing apparatus that occupies a low vertical height and has an improved mixing efficiency and fluid distribution across the catalyst surface includes a swirl chamber, a rough distribution network, and a distribution apparatus. In the swirl chamber, reactant fluid from a catalyst bed above is thoroughly mixed with a quench fluid by a swirling action. The mixed fluids exit the swirl chamber through an aperture to the rough distribution system where the fluids are radially distributed outward across the vessel to the distribution apparatus. The distribution apparatus includes a plate with a number of bubble caps and associated drip trays that multiply the liquid drip stream from the bubble caps to further symmetrically distribute the fluids across the catalyst surface. Alternatively, deflector baffles may be associated with the bubble caps to provide a wider and more uniform liquid distribution below the plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2010
    Assignee: Fluor Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Garry E. Jacobs, Steven W. Stupin, Robert W. Kuskie, Douglas E. Nelson, F. Emmett Bingham
  • Patent number: 7607821
    Abstract: The baffle (14) is fixed at a distance from the internal wall (12) facing a container (1) to be enamelled, for example a chemical reactor and is held separated from the internal wall (12) by way of at least one local connection (15). The baffle may be solid or hollow and in the latter case can be in fluid connection with the closed space (13) between the external wall (11) and the internal wall of the container at the local connection. The invention also relates to a container comprising one or several baffles of the type. The invention is of use in the chemical industry and in particular to the producers and users of baffles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2009
    Assignee: De Dietrich
    Inventor: Rémy Schmidt