Including Internal Mixing Or Stirring Means Patents (Class 422/224)
  • Patent number: 10266781
    Abstract: The present invention describes a process for purifying biodiesel without using a filter aid, in which purification of the biodiesel takes place by a sequence of washing operations after the reaction section, with stirring that is sufficiently vigorous to assist in the transformation of the molecules of esterified steryl glycosides, in order to convert them to a chemical form that can be removed by the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: PETRÓLEO BRASILEIRO S.A.—PETROBRAS
    Inventors: Jose Antonio Vidal Vieira, Vitor Loureiro Ximenes, Carolina Ludwig Quintani, Marcio De Figueiredo Portilho, Roberto Ricardo Rangel
  • Patent number: 10118833
    Abstract: A methodology for synthesizing a nanoparticle batch, such as but not limited to a metal chalcogenide nanoparticle batch and further such as but not limited to a metal sulfide nanoparticle batch is predicated upon an expectation and observation that at elevated concentrations of at least one reactant material within a heat-up nanoparticle batch synthesis method, the resulting nucleated batch comprises nanoparticles that may be dimensionally focused to provide a substantially monodisperse nanoparticle batch. The embodied methodology is also applicable to a continuous reactor. The embodied methodology also considers viscosity as a dimensionally focusing result effective variable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Cornell University
    Inventors: Richard D. Robinson, Tobias Hanrath, Curtis Williamson, Douglas Nevers
  • Patent number: 10005973
    Abstract: A pulverized coal gasification furnace with multi-level feeding of high speed circulating gasification agent which includes a pulverized coal gasification furnace and a gasification method. The present invention solves the existing problems in short life of burner, uneven slag deposition on the surface of the gasification device which causes burning and corrosion, and uneven temperature distribution along the height direction. The steps are: 1. setting parameters for the gasification chamber; 2. feeding pulverized coal; 3. burning pulverized coal to form molten slag; 4. gasification process of molten slag inside the gasification furnace; 5. removing slag. In the present invention, the furnace body is divided into different levels for the gasification agent, the internal temperature of the furnace along the height direction is evenly distributed, and the furnace is applicable to the coal types which has severe change in ash viscosity in response to temperature changes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Inventors: Zhengqi Li, Zhichao Chen, Lingyan Zeng, Haopeng Wang, Xiaoying Liu, Bingkun Jiang, Qunyi Zhu, Yukun Qin
  • Patent number: 9295205
    Abstract: A method for producing a biogas is provided. The method includes the steps of providing a polyculture of aquatic plants to a growth system; continuously providing water, carbon dioxide, air and nutrients to the polyculture contained within the growth system; growing the polyculture for a time sufficient to produce an aquatic plant-based biomass; withdrawing a portion of the aquatic plant-based biomass contained within the growth system; and treating the withdrawn aquatic plant-based biomass to produce a biogas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2016
    Assignee: SSB International, LLC
    Inventors: Michael J. Smith, Edward William Gaine
  • Patent number: 9028767
    Abstract: A method for mixing a chemical into a process liquid including: injecting the chemical into the process liquid flowing through a flow pipe; forming reaction products by a reaction involving the chemical occurring in the process flow; applying an electric field or magnetic field to a region of the flow pipe adjacent to the reaction occurring in the process flow, and suppressing the precipitation of the chemical or the reaction products on the surfaces of the pipe due to the electric or magnetic field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Wetend Technologies Oy
    Inventors: Jari Rasanen, Jouni Matula
  • Patent number: 9028762
    Abstract: A wet type exhaust gas desulfurization apparatus includes an absorption tower desulfurizing exhaust gas by causing the exhaust gas to come into gas-liquid contact with an absorbent, a spray mechanism spraying the absorbent into the tower, an oxidization mechanism provided in a bottom portion of the tower and supplying oxygen to the absorbent that accumulates inside the tower, a circulation mechanism feeding the absorbent from a discharge port formed in the bottom portion of the tower, to the spray mechanism, and a liquid ejection mechanism including a hydraulic nozzle ejecting liquid into the tower. In this apparatus, the oxidization mechanisms are provided with an interval in a horizontal direction relative to the discharge port. Furthermore, in the apparatus, the hydraulic nozzle is installed in the bottom portion of the tower and is provided at a location between the oxidization mechanism and the discharge port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems, Ltd.
    Inventor: Motofumi Ito
  • Patent number: 9011790
    Abstract: A reactor for carrying out a three-phase reaction of a liquid phase, a gaseous phase, and a catalyst over a fixed catalyst bed is disclosed. The liquid and gaseous phases are passed through the reactor via a mixing and distribution device positioned over the fixed catalyst bed. The mixing and distribution device includes a trough distributor for the liquid phase, having trough-shaped channels, outlet tubes in the trough-shaped channels for the liquid phase, a distributor plate below the trough distributor, and vertical nozzles, having one or more openings for the gaseous phase and one or more openings, arranged below the openings for the gaseous phase. For entry of the liquid phase, the nozzles are installed so that, at a predetermined liquid feed rate, the surface of the liquid on the distributor plate is below the openings for the gaseous phase and above the openings for the liquid phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Stefan Iselborn, Andreas Daiss, Reiner Geier, Marcus Bechtel, Michael Wille, Benjamin Hepfer, John Sauter
  • Patent number: 8980196
    Abstract: A method of reacting compounds can include directing a liquid into a helical constrained flow (37) having an inner circumferential flow surface and an outer circumferential flow surface. The helical constrained flow (37) can be formed around an axial interior volume (38). At least a portion of the helical constrained flow can be exposed to a sparging portion (35) to allow a fluid to be sparged into the liquid along the helical constrained flow (37). The fluid reactant can be sparged through the helical constrained flow so as to form a fluid product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignees: University of Utah Research Foundation, Ambre Energy Limited
    Inventors: Wlodzimierz W. Zmierczak, Jan Dean Miller, Raj Rajamani, Steven Messiter, Nicholas Drinnan, Edward Choros
  • Patent number: 8968671
    Abstract: A system for mixing ortho-xylene with an oxygen-containing gas such as air comprises an evaporator vessel fed with the gas and having a lance projecting into the gas. The lance is provided with a metal spray nozzle for injecting droplets of hot liquid ortho-xylene into the gas stream, concurrently with the direction of flow of the gas. The metal at the surface of the spray nozzle, that in use is in contact with the liquid ortho-xylene, has a high surface hardness to resist erosion, particularly by cavitation. The system is useful in the production of phthalic anhydride by the oxidation of ortho-xylene with air, whereby the risk for deflagrations is reduced. A soft metal seal is the preferred gasket between the spray nozzle and the lance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Nicolaas Anthony De Munck, Aad Gerrit Oskam, Johnny Jozef Houben, Evert C. Klein
  • Patent number: 8961882
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a multifunctional module comprising one or more units selected from the group consisting of reactor units, filter units, membrane units, reactor-separator units, clarificator units, purificator units, extractor units, and mixer units. The units are connected parallel or in series or both to each other, and each unit has at least one member having a surface, which surface is rotating with the member. The member is rotating around an axis making the unit operate under centrifugal force. One or more chambers for fluids are co-rotating with the rotating member. The present invention relates further to units which could be used in a spinning multifunctional module, and use of a spinning multifunctional module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Alfa Laval Corporate AB
    Inventors: Kasper Höglund, Barry Johnson, Tommy Noren
  • Patent number: 8936761
    Abstract: Embodiments of apparatuses and risers for reacting a feedstock in the presence of a catalyst and methods for fabricating such risers are provided. In one example, a riser comprises a sidewall that defines a cylindrical housing surrounding an interior. The sidewall has a groove formed therein disposed about the interior. A plurality of baffle sections is disposed in the groove. The baffle sections are configured to be packed together in the groove to define a packed condition and to be moved in the groove so as to spread out the baffle sections from the packed condition to define an expanded condition and form a baffle ring. The baffle ring extends inwardly in the interior.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Michael S. Sandacz, Robert L. Mehlberg
  • Patent number: 8932544
    Abstract: Disclosed are a method and a device for feeding and/or discharging fluids in microreactor arrays through one or several fluid ducts that extend into each individual microreactor and can be individually controlled and regulated, in order to control, regulate, influence, and/or verify processes. The fed or discharged amounts of fluid are introduced into or discharged from the volume of the reaction liquid during a continuous shaking process and are evenly mixed as a result of the shaking process. The continuous shaking process causes sufficient mass transfer and thorough mixing of the reaction partners or fluids while the reaction is not limited or restricted by the mass transfer conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: m2p-labs GmbH
    Inventors: Carsten Mueller, Ingo Klammer, Frank Kensy, Jochen Buechs, Mirko Hofmann, Andreas Buchenauer, Uwe Schnakenberg, Wilfried Mokwa
  • Patent number: 8927470
    Abstract: The invention provides for a process and apparatus for preparing a soap concentrate, including: (a) introducing feed components to a first feeding zone; (b) first reacting in a first reacting zone; (c) first venting in a first venting zone; and (d) cooling in a cooling zone. The process may further include, after (c) and before (d): (i) continued reacting in a continued reacting zone; and (ii) second venting in a second venting zone. The invention also provides for a process and apparatus for preparing a lubricating composition comprising: (aa) introducing a soap concentrate and a base oil to a lubricating composition feeding zone; (bb) dispersing the soap concentrate in a lubricating composition dispersing zone; (cc) mixing the soap concentrate and the base oil in a lubricating composition mixing zone; and (dd) cooling in a lubricating composition cooling zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Jean-Luc Pierre André Brossaud, David Edmund Code, Jerome Dabos, Jean-Claude Emile Maximilien Holley, Aimin Huang, Krishna Rangraj Kaushik, Catherine Maillard, Raghunath Gopal Menon, Jean-Paul Saint, Rainer Hans Schade
  • Patent number: 8920733
    Abstract: The invention is directed to processes for treating biosolids that result in high-value, nitrogen-containing, slow-release, organically-augmented inorganic fertilizer that are competitive with less valuable or more costly conventional commercially manufactured fertilizers. The process involves conditioning traditional waste-water biosolids and processing the conditioned biosolids continuously in a high throughput manufacturing facility. The exothermic design and closed loop control of the primary reaction vessel decreases significantly the amount of power necessary to run a manufacturing facility. The process utilizes green technologies to facilitate decreased waste and enhanced air quality standards over traditional processing plants. The fertilizer produced from recovered biosolid waste is safe and meets or exceeds the United States Environment Protection Agency (USEPA) Class A and Exceptional Quality standards and is not subject to restrictions or regulations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: VitAg Corporation
    Inventors: Jeffrey C. Burnham, James P. Carr, Gary L. Dahms
  • Patent number: 8920742
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a heat exchanger mixing system comprising at least one heat exchanger zone, at least one connection plate having one or more mixing units, at least four corners per connection plate, wherein each corner being either blind passage corner, a through-passage corner, a single passage corner, or a double passage corner, and the one or more mixing units are provided with static mixing elements. Present invention relates further to use of a heat exchanger mixing system, and a process for mixing fluids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Alfa Laval Corporate AB
    Inventor: Tommy Norén
  • Patent number: 8906314
    Abstract: A bubble column reactor includes a reactor body which contains a slurry having solid catalyst particles suspended in a liquid, an inflow port which is provided at the bottom of the reactor body and allows a synthesis gas including a carbon monoxide gas and a hydrogen gas as the main components to flow into the slurry therethrough, and an outflow port which is provided at the top of the reactor body and allows gaseous hydrocarbons synthesized by a chemical reaction between the synthesis gas and the slurry, an unreacted synthesis gas, and the like to flow out therethrough. The distance in a vertical direction between the liquid surface of the slurry and the outflow port is 1.4 m or more and 10 m or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignees: Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation, Inpex Corporation, JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation, Japan Petroleum Exploration Co., Ltd., Cosmo Oil Co., Ltd., Nippon Steel Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Onishi, Yuzuru Kato, Eiichi Yamada, Atsushi Murata, Osamu Wakamura
  • Publication number: 20140356273
    Abstract: An apparatus for mixing a vaporized precursor with a gas for producing silica particles is provided. The apparatus includes a mixer housing, a precursor delivery chamber having an output in communication with the mixer housing for delivering a vaporized precursor in the mixer housing, and an oxidizing gas delivery chamber having an output in communication with the mixer housing for delivering an oxidizing gas to be mixed with the vaporized precursor. The apparatus further includes a flashback member disposed within the mixer housing and between the output of the precursor delivery chamber and the output of the oxidizing gas delivery chamber. The flashback member is located at a minimum distance from the output of the oxidizing gas delivery chamber defined by Lminimum (cm)=0.453U (Re)?0.5567, wherein U is the flow rate in cm/sec of precursor and Re is the flow Reynolds number. The flashback member may include a tapered surface on at least one side to reduce recirculation of vaporized gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 20, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventors: Lewis A Bernstein, Dana Craig Bokbinder, Jason Allen Dillard, Jennifer L. Porter, Balram Suman, Pushkar Tandon
  • Patent number: 8889403
    Abstract: A system for generating a tissue construct includes a mixing chamber, a piston chamber, a reaction chamber, and a pump. The mixing chamber is configured to receive a hydrogel solution and a cell suspension solution. The piston chamber includes a first piston and is configured to receive a mixture of the hydrogel solution and the cell suspension solution from the mixing chamber. The first piston is configured to push the mixture through one or more capillaries into the reaction chamber. The reaction is configured to receive the mixture and a cross-linking initiator. The pump is configured to move the mixture through the reaction chamber such that the mixture and the cross-linking initiator combine to form an encapsulated cell material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Empire Technology Development LLC
    Inventors: Marvi A. Matos, William B. Carlson, Ivan Vesely, Yansong Gu
  • Publication number: 20140323589
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the preparation of composite silica alcogels, aerogels and xerogels, comprising i) providing a reaction mixture comprising at least the following: silane reagent, base catalyst, gelation retarding additive, aqueous/organic solvent mixture, guest particle, ii) agitating the reaction mixture as necessary and sufficient until achieving the viscosity where the spontaneous movement of the guest particles does not occur anymore; and iii) shaping the material obtained to a desired shape during or after step ii); then iv) drying, if desired The method according to the invention is also useful in continuous manufacturing technology, and the invention provides an apparatus for applying the method. The invention further provides novel composite silica alcogels, aerogels or xerogels obtainable by the method according to the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2012
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: Debreceni Egyetem
    Inventors: István Lázár, István Fábián
  • Patent number: 8865086
    Abstract: A quenching apparatus for a reactor is disclosed. The quenching apparatus includes a quenching unit (31) and a mixing unit (41). The quenching unit includes fluid distribution pipes (33) which branch off from a central portion of the quenching unit in radial directions and eject quenching fluid, and one or more first fluid outlets (35) which are formed through the bottom of the quenching unit. The mixing unit includes inclined baffles (43), one or more partitions (42) and a second fluid outlet (45). The inclined baffles are respectively disposed under the first fluid outlets. The partitions partition a space between inner and outer sidewalls of the mixing unit into a plurality of separated spaces in which the inclined baffles are respectively disposed. Fluid guided by the inclined baffles and the partitions is discharged out of the mixing unit through the second fluid outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: SK Innovation Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tae Young Jang, Min Ki Ahn, Sun Hyuk Bae, Gyung Rok Kim, Yoon Mang Hwang, Kyoo Sung Park, Sun Choi, Myung Jun Kim
  • Publication number: 20140288282
    Abstract: Processes and apparatuses for producing biologically-active, protein-rich microparticles under ambient conditions are disclosed. A protein solution is atomized and collected in a dehydration solvent that is being mixed. The resulting protein microparticles retain high specific activity without the need for large amounts of stabilizing excipients.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2012
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Applicant: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Trevor Petrel, Craig Bartling, Lena Furci, Carrie Howland
  • Patent number: 8821805
    Abstract: This application provides a process unit for the production of alkylate gasoline, comprising: a) a nozzle having an orifice that dispenses one or more recirculated streams comprising ionic liquid catalyst into a chamber in the nozzle, b) a conduit for introducing a hydrocarbon feed stream comprising an olefin to the orifice at a close distance from the orifice; and c) a throat connecting the chamber in the nozzle to an alkylation zone. The process unit can have multiple Venturi nozzles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Huping Luo, Moinuddin Ahmed, Krishniah Parimi, Bong-Kyu Chang
  • Patent number: 8801814
    Abstract: A process for partial oxidation of hydrocarbons in a reactor, in which a stream comprising the hydrocarbon and a stream comprising the oxygen are fed to the reactor, wherein both streams fed to the reactor are conducted within the reactor separately through in each case one or more spatially separate lines, these lines having turbulence generators in their interior, owing to which, as a result of the imposed deflection of the flow direction downstream of turbulence generators, a highly turbulent flow field forms, and the streams are then mixed in a mixing zone after exiting from the lines and then converted in a reaction zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Dirk Grossschmidt, Maximilian Vicari, Christian Weichert, Hans Zapf, Andreas Joa, Ravindra Aglave, Jens Denecke
  • Patent number: 8778275
    Abstract: An improved method for the manufacture of an oil-in-water emulsion involves three procedures: (i) preparation of a preliminary emulsion; (ii) microfluidization of the preliminary emulsion to reduce its droplet size; and (iii) filtration of the microfluidized emulsion through a hydrophilic membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Novartis AG
    Inventors: Harald Rueckl, Hanno Scheffczik
  • Patent number: 8771605
    Abstract: Use of a high shear mechanical device incorporated into a process for the production of chlorobenzene is capable of decreasing mass transfer limitations, thereby enhancing the chlorobenzene production process. A system for the production of chlorobenzene from benzene and chlorine, the system comprising a reactor and an external high shear device, the outlet of which is fluidly connected to the inlet of the reactor; the high shear device capable of providing an emulsion of chlorine gas bubbles within liquid benzene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: H R D Corporation
    Inventors: Abbas Hassan, Ebrahim Bagherzadeh, Rayford G. Anthony, Gregory G. Borsinger, Aziz Hassan
  • Patent number: 8771550
    Abstract: A system includes a slag additive slurry feed system configured to combine a slurrying agent, a mineral slag additive, and a liquid slurrying medium to generate a stabilized mineral slurry. The slurrying agent is configured to increase a viscosity of the stabilized mineral slurry. The system also includes a partial oxidation system configured to receive the stabilized mineral slurry, a feedstock, and oxygen into a gasifier reaction chamber. The partial oxidation system is configured to partially oxidize the feedstock to produce a gaseous product and a solid product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Raymond Douglas Steele, Thomas Frederick Leininger, Shiguang Li
  • Patent number: 8758698
    Abstract: Combustion tube (100,130,150) and method for combusting a sample to form combustion products for analysis. A primary combustion chamber (102) receives and combusts a sample to form first combustion products. A secondary combustion chamber (110) receives and combusts the first combustion products to form second combustion products. The secondary chamber is disposed around the primary chamber and comprises a plurality of—preferably, three—combustion compartments (112-116). Each successive compartment is disposed around the preceding compartment and defines a respective gas flow channel having an inlet opening (108,118,120) and an outlet opening (118,120,122) at opposite ends. Each successive gas flow channel shares its inlet opening with the outlet opening of the preceding channel. The plurality of combustion compartments define a substantially continuous gas flow conduit from the inlet opening of the innermost compartment to the outlet opening of the outermost compartment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.
    Inventors: Louis Marie Smeets, Fransiscus Maria Folst, Peter Joannes Coenders
  • Patent number: 8753576
    Abstract: A tube reactor having a substantially tubular body portion including a conical section, an entry port, an opposing exit port, and an axis extending between the ports through the body portion. The tubular body portion being rotatable about the axis. At least one reactant can be fed into the tubular body portion and directed toward the conical section. An inner surface of the tubular body portion receives the reactants from the conical section, and processes the reactants. An insert may be positioned within the tubular body portion to further process the reactants along the inner surface. A rotating reservoir having a damper can be coupled to the rotating tubular body portion. The damper receives the processed reactants from the inner surface of the tubular body portion, and guides the processed reactants into the rotating reservoir to minimize turbulence. The rotating reservoir then separates the processed reactants by density.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Clarkson University
    Inventor: Roshan Jachuck
  • Patent number: 8746285
    Abstract: A programmable fluidic device for generating droplets with resolutions of micrometer in size and milliseconds in generation timing is provided. The programmable fluidic device has a valve forming a droplet cutter, which contains a fluid deflectable membrane capable of controlling the flow of a dispensing fluid from a fluidic dispensing channel. The programmable fluidic device is able to perform temporal control over the droplet generation independent from the size control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Auburn University
    Inventors: Jong Wook Hong, Se-Kwon Kim
  • Publication number: 20140137614
    Abstract: The invention is directed to processes for treating biosolids that result in high-value, nitrogen-containing, slow-release, organically-augmented inorganic fertilizer that are competitive with less valuable or more costly conventional commercially manufactured fertilizers. The process involves conditioning traditional waste-water biosolids and processing the conditioned biosolids continuously in a high throughput manufacturing facility. The exothermic design and closed loop control of the primary reaction vessel decreases significantly the amount of power necessary to run a manufacturing facility. The process utilizes green technologies to facilitate decreased waste and enhanced air quality standards over traditional processing plants. The fertilizer produced from recovered biosolid waste is safe and meets or exceeds the United States Environment Protection Agency (USEPA) Class A and Exceptional Quality standards and is not subject to restrictions or regulations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 9, 2013
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: VitAg Corporation
    Inventors: Jeffrey C. Burnham, James P. Carr, Gary L. Dahms
  • Publication number: 20140134068
    Abstract: A fluid is processed between processing surfaces capable of approaching to and separating from each other, at least one of which rotates relative to the other. A first fluid is introduced between processing surfaces, by using a micropump effect acting with a depression arranged on the processing surfaces from the center of the rotating processing surfaces. A second fluid, independent of this introduced fluid, is introduced from another fluid path that is provided with an opening leading to the processing surfaces, whereby the processing is done by mixing and stirring between the processing members.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2014
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: M. TECHNIQUE CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Masakazu ENOMURA
  • Patent number: 8721974
    Abstract: The disclosed invention relates to a process, comprising: conducting unit operations in at least two process zones in a process microchannel to treat and/or form a non-Newtonian fluid, a different unit operation being conducted in each process zone; and applying an effective amount of shear stress to the non-Newtonian fluid to reduce the viscosity of the non-Newtonian fluid in each process zone, the average shear rate in one process zone differing from the average shear rate in another process zone by a factor of at least about 1.2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Velocys, Inc.
    Inventors: Anna Lee Tonkovich, Ravi Arora, David Kilanowski, Eric Daymo
  • Patent number: 8715585
    Abstract: A mixing unit and various applications of the mixing unit are described herein. The mixing unit includes: a stacked member in which three or more mixing elements are stacked; and a first plate and a second plate between which the stacked member is sandwiched and which are arranged opposite each other. In the mixing unit, the mixing elements have a plurality of first through holes, the second plate has an opening portion communicating with at least one of the first through holes in the mixing elements and the mixing elements are arranged such that part or all of the first through holes in one of the mixing elements communicate with other first through holes in the adjacent mixing element to allow fluid to be passed in a direction in which the mixing elements extend.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Isel Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Noboru Mochizuki
  • Patent number: 8703671
    Abstract: The invention provides for a process for preparing a urea grease including: (a) introducing a first feed component to a first feeding zone; (b) introducing a second feed component to a second feeding zone; (c) first reacting-mixing in a first reacting-mixing zone; and (d) cooling-mixing in a cooling-mixing zone. The invention also provides for a process for preparing a urea grease including: (a) introducing a first feed component to a first feeding zone; (b) introducing a second feed component to a second feeding zone; (c) first reacting-mixing in a first reacting-mixing zone; (d) introducing a third feed component to a third feeding zone; (e) second reacting-mixing in a second reacting-mixing zone; and (f) cooling-mixing in a cooling-mixing zone. The invention also provides for an apparatus for preparing a urea grease comprising: (a) a first feeding zone; (b) a second feeding zone; (c) a first reacting-mixing zone; and (d) a cooling-mixing zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Jean-luc Pierre André Brossaud, David Edmund Code, Jerome Dabos, Ronald David Harris, Charles Montgomery Harris, Aimin Huang, Krishna Rangraj Kaushik, Catherine Maillard, Howard Brian Mead, Raghunath Gopal Menon, Jean-paul Saint
  • Patent number: 8697015
    Abstract: Systems, apparatus, and methods for distributing a mixed phase fluid to a monolith catalyst bed within a reactor, wherein a mixed phase fluid may be generated by a nozzle tray comprising a plurality of nozzles, the mixed phase fluid may be distributed by the nozzles to a mixed phase distributor system, and the mixed phase fluid may be further distributed by the mixed phase distributor system to a plurality of monolith channels within the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Krishniah Parimi, Steven Xuqi Song, Moinuddin Ahmed, Thien Duyen Thi Nguyen
  • Patent number: 8685334
    Abstract: Disclosed is an optimized process and apparatus for more efficiently and economically carrying out the liquid-phase oxidation of an oxidizable compound. Such liquid-phase oxidation is carried out in a bubble column reactor that provides for a highly efficient reaction at relatively low temperatures. When the oxidized compound is para-xylene and the product from the oxidation reaction is crude terephthalic acid (CTA), such CTA product can be purified and separated by more economical techniques than could be employed if the CTA were formed by a conventional high-temperature oxidation process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Grupo Petrotemex, S.A. de C.V.
    Inventors: Alan George Wonders, Puneet Gupta, Lee Reynolds Partin, Wayne Scott Strasser, Marcel de Vreede
  • Publication number: 20140081038
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an apparatus comprising a) an unbaffled reactor or microreactor having a channel defined by a pathway, and b) an oscillating flow device, wherein the channel pathway comprises a plurality of directional changes. The reactor channel has a hydrolic diameter from 0.1 mm to 10 mm A method of making said apparatus and the use of said apparatus to carry out a process on a suspension is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 13, 2011
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Applicant: DSM IP ASSETS B.V.
    Inventors: Rafael Wilhelmus Elisabeth Ghislain Reintjens, Mehul Thathagar
  • Patent number: 8673246
    Abstract: One exemplary embodiment can be a process for contacting one or more fluids in a vessel. The process may include passing one or more fluids into a chamber from an overhead tray and providing a conduit outside the chamber coupling a respective spillway to a respective hole for increasing contact time inside the conduit. Typically, the chamber forms one or more sidewalls forming at least one hole and the overhead tray forms at least one spillway.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Pengfei Chen, Zhanping Xu
  • Patent number: 8668875
    Abstract: A stirring device and an analyzing device for stirring a liquid retained in a vessel with sound wave. The Stirring device (20) comprises: a surface acoustic wave element (24) having sound generation section (24b, 24c) located on a piezoelectric substrate (24a) wherein the sound generation sections are electrically connected in parallel, and center frequencies of respective fundamental waves of the sound generation sections differ from each other, respective resonant frequency bands of the sound generation section are partially overlapped with each other, and origins of acoustic stream caused by sound wave radiated to the vessel from different sound generation section are located alternately; and a drive control section (21) for controlling a frequency of drive signal input to the surface acoustic wave element so that at least two sound generation sections of the plurality of sound generation sections generate sound wave simultaneously.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Beckman Coulter, Inc.
    Inventor: Miyuki Murakami
  • Patent number: 8658121
    Abstract: A method for adjusting a concentration of an acid or lye includes charging a medium for adjusting the concentration of the acid or lye into a supply conduit of the acid or lye so as to provide a combined stream. The combined stream is supplied through an inlet to a mixing chamber such that the combined stream is deflected upon entering the mixing chamber. The combined stream is mixed in the mixing chamber. The combined stream is discharged through an outlet of the mixing chamber such that the combined stream is again deflected upon being discharged from the mixing chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: Outotec Oyj
    Inventors: Karl-Heinz Daum, Henry Eisermann, Wolfram Schalk
  • Patent number: 8658102
    Abstract: A chemical analysis apparatus comprising reaction containers containing therein a substance to be analyzed; an agitating mechanism spaced from the substance to be analyzed and agitating said substance to be analyzed with a liquid in said reaction container; and, a measuring portion for measuring physical properties of the substance to be analyzed, said agitating mechanism having a sound supply portion supplying sound waves to the substance to be analyzed, wherein said sound supply portion comprises a mechanism changing, in time, intensity of ultrasonic waves to be irradiated so as to apply pulsation to a swirl flow in the reaction container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: Hitachi High-Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Hajime Katou, Ryo Miyake, Hiroyasu Uchida, Katsuhiro Kambara, Takenori Okusa, Shigenori Watari, Yoichiro Suzuki, Tomonori Mimura, Miki Taki, Akira Inagaki
  • Publication number: 20140047761
    Abstract: The Centrifugal Fluid Ring Reactor employs a centrifugal impeller and a fluid barrier to mix multi-phase fluids and repeatedly move the mixture through a reaction zone, where the mixture contacts catalysts and/or is subjected to electromagnetic, mechanical, nuclear, or sonic energy to create ions, free radicals or activated molecules, which initiate or promote a desired reaction. It can be used to convert carbon dioxide, methane and other gaseous carbon sources into liquid fuel at ambient temperature and pressure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Inventors: Richard Max Mandle, James Edward Grady
  • Publication number: 20140041694
    Abstract: An cleaning solution producing apparatus according to an embodiment includes: a mixing unit configured to produce a liquid mixture by mixing a hydrogen peroxide solution into an acidic or alkaline liquid, and to raise the pressure of the produced liquid mixture by use of an oxygen gas produced through the decomposition of the hydrogen peroxide solution, or by use of vapor produced by heat of the reaction; and a bubble producing unit configured to produce multiple fine bubbles in the liquid mixture by releasing the pressure of the liquid mixture which is raised by the mixing unit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2013
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Applicant: Shibaura Mechatronics Corporation
    Inventors: Kunihiro MIYAZAKI, Konosuke Hayashi
  • Patent number: 8648209
    Abstract: A biodiesel plant includes a loop-shaped reactor which circulates reactants, e.g., feed stock and a methanol catalyst mixture through mesh to mix the reactants and form crude biodiesel. The feed stock is preferably heated to about 200 to 210° F. After the reaction, methanol may be recovered. There may also be a tank for removal of glycerin from the crude biodiesel. In another embodiment, there is a method for reacting the feed stock and methanol catalyst mixture by circulating the reactants through a turbulence-creating path, such as by using mesh in the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Inventor: Joseph P. Lastella
  • Patent number: 8642003
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing hydrogen comprising the steps of: i) contacting a compound (C) comprising one or more groups Si—H with a phosphorous based catalyst in the presence of a base in water as solvent, thereby forming hydrogen and a by-product (C1); wherein said phosphorous based catalyst is as defined in claim 1; and ii) recovering the obtained hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignees: Universite d'Aix-Marseille, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (C.N.R.S.)
    Inventor: Jean-Michel Brunel
  • Publication number: 20140026714
    Abstract: A continuous flow reactor for nanoparticle synthesis comprises a modular system including a plurality of interconnected tubular components for fluid flow therethrough including a first tubular inlet and a second tubular inlet connected to a three-way junction comprising a tubular mixer. A continuous flow method for nanoparticle synthesis comprises flowing a growth solution and a reaction-initiating solution into a mixing portion of a flow reactor to form a mixed solution; flowing the mixed solution through a holding portion of the flow reactor for a predetermined residence time to form a reacted solution comprising nanoparticles; and continuously removing the reacted solution from the flow reactor so as to achieve a throughput of nanoparticles of at least about 0.5 mg/min.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2013
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Applicant: The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
    Inventors: Catherine J. Murphy, Samuel E. Lohse, Jonathan R. Eller
  • Publication number: 20140023580
    Abstract: Known methods for hydrothermal carbonization are very time-intensive, as the carbonization reaction only proceeds gradually in the biomass used therefor. This is because of the different reaction conditions prevailing in different parts of the biomass. These also cause an inhomogeneous reaction product. The object of the invention is both to accelerate the method and to improve the result. This is achieved by swirling the biomass inside the available reaction space with the aid of blower nozzles, which blow in the steam at a high speed so that the biomass is swirled. This ensures that the carbonization reaction can proceed uniformly and promptly after the biomass is introduced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2012
    Publication date: January 23, 2014
    Applicant: ORFIST AG
    Inventors: Jan Vyskocil, Peter Achermann
  • Patent number: 8623415
    Abstract: A method of separating biologically ingestible microparticles is used to obtain biologically ingestible microparticles in a thin film fluid formed between two processing formed by a fluid to be processed containing at least a first solvent in which an objective substance to be pulverized is dissolved and a second solvent in which the solubility of the microparticles is lower than in the first solvent. The biologically ingestible microparticles are separated by a neutralization reaction in the thin film fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: M. Technique Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Masakazu Enomura
  • Patent number: 8617480
    Abstract: A concentrated acid treatment unit is composed of a reaction section and an agitation extraction section. A phenol sorped raw material obtained by defatting botanical resource-derived raw material by solvent to subject sorption phenols to sorption is introduced, thus obtaining mixed solution of phenol solution including a lignophenol derivative and concentrated acid solution including a cellulose hydrolysate. The reaction section agitates and mixes the phenol sorped raw material and concentrated acid to cause cellulose to be swollen to thereby convert lignin to lignophenol. A part of the cellulose is subjected to hydrolysis. The agitation extraction section receives the treated liquid sent from the reaction section and adds phenols for extraction thereto to cause lignophenol dispersed in the concentrated acid solution to be dissolved and extracted in phenols for extraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignees: Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kansai Chemical Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masamitsu Funaoka, Keigo Mikame, Hideo Noda
  • Patent number: 8617899
    Abstract: A method and device for merging and mixing at least two separate and distinct fluid drops on a substrate, includes a drop merging area on the surface, where a first magnetic material is placed at a first location. A first drop of fluid is then placed at the first location on the surface, resulting in the first magnetic material being at least partially positioned within the first drop of fluid. A second drop of fluid is then placed at a second location on the surface of the drop merging area. A magnetic field is applied by a varying magnetic field generator to at least a portion of the drop merge area of the substrate, which includes at least the first location on the substrate. The varying magnetic field will act on the first magnetic material to move the first magnetic material within the first drop of fluid, causing a stirring of the fluid. A drop merging force from a drop merging mechanism is applied to at least one of the first drop of fluid and the second drop of fluid within the drop merge area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated
    Inventors: Dirk De Bruyker, Ali Asgar Saleem Bhagat, Alan G. Bell, Michael I. Recht, Francisco E. Torres