Utilizing As Solid Sorbent, Catalyst, Or Reactant A Material Containing A Transition Element Patents (Class 423/213.2)
  • Patent number: 11358127
    Abstract: A NOx adsorber catalyst and its use in an emission treatment system for internal combustion engines, is disclosed. The NOx adsorber catalyst composition comprises a support material, one or more platinum group metals disposed on the support material, and a NOx storage material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2022
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Andrew Paul Armitage, Desiree Duran-Martin, Paul James Millington, Paul Richard Phillips, Raj Rao Rajaram, Stuart David Reid, Daniel Swallow
  • Patent number: 11344864
    Abstract: It is an object to provide a catalyst that can effectively purify exhaust gas, in particular, carbon monoxide (CO) in exhaust gas, emitted from a diesel engine, a production method therefor, and an exhaust gas purification method using the same. A diesel engine exhaust gas purification catalyst for purifying exhaust gas emitted from a diesel engine of the present invention comprises a precious metal and alumina and/or zeolite supported on a three-dimensional structure, and has peaks for not less than three different pore sizes in a pore size distribution measured by the mercury intrusion method, wherein one of the peaks is a peak 2 at a pore size of not less than 0.3 ?m and less than 1.0 ?m, and the pore volume of the peak 2 being greater than 3.1% of the total pore volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2022
    Assignee: UMICORE SHOKUBAI JAPAN CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yosuke Goto, Tatsuya Kumon, Franz Dornhaus
  • Patent number: 11311865
    Abstract: An oxidation catalyst composite, methods, and systems for the treatment of exhaust gas emissions from a diesel engine are described. More particularly, an oxidation catalyst composite including a first washcoat layer comprising a Pt component and a Pd component, and a second washcoat layer including a refractory metal oxide support containing manganese, a zeolite, and a platinum component is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2022
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Shiang Sung, Stanley A Roth, Claudia Zabel, Susanne Stiebels, Andreas Sundermann, Olga Gerlach
  • Patent number: 11306052
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a method of oxidizing a cycloalkane to form a product mixture containing a corresponding alcohol and ketone, said method comprising contacting a cycloalkane with a hydroperoxide compound in the presence of a catalytic effective amount of a cerium oxide based catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2022
    Assignee: Performance Polyamides, SAS
    Inventors: Sandra Chouzier, Fabien Ocampo, Sergio Mastroianni, Avelino Corma, Mercedes Boronat, Javier Tirso Lopez Ausens
  • Patent number: 11285467
    Abstract: A catalyst article and its use in an exhaust system for internal combustion engines is disclosed. The catalyst article comprises a substrate which is a wall-flow filter, a first catalyst composition, and a second catalyst composition. The first and second catalyst compositions each independently comprise an oxygen storage component (OSC) derived from a CeZr mixed oxide sol having a D90 of less than 1.3 micron and a particulate inorganic oxide having a D90 of from 1 to 20 microns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2022
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Lucy Clowes, John Goodwin, Fezile Lakadamyali, Alex Ravenscroft, Chris Robson, Sarah Warren
  • Patent number: 11280237
    Abstract: A honeycomb filter, including: a honeycomb structure, wherein the honeycomb structure includes a platinum group element-containing catalyst layer, the platinum group element-containing catalyst layer is disposed only on a side of an inner surface of the partition walls surrounding the outflow cells, and the platinum group element-containing catalyst layer is disposed in a range of at least up to 35% with respect to an overall length of the cells starting from the outflow end face and is not disposed in a range of at least up to 30% with respect to the overall length of the cells starting from the inflow end face, in an extending direction of the cells of the honeycomb structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2022
    Assignees: NGK Insulators, Ltd., Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Fumihiko Yoshioka, Yoshiaki Hatakeyama, Noritaka Masumitsu
  • Patent number: 11280236
    Abstract: A honeycomb filter, including: a honeycomb structure, wherein the honeycomb structure includes a platinum group element-containing catalyst layer, the platinum group element-containing catalyst layer is disposed only on a side of an inner surface of the partition walls surrounding the inflow cells, and the platinum group element-containing catalyst layer is disposed in a range of at least up to 40% with respect to an overall length of the cells starting from the outflow end face and is not disposed in a range of at least up to 30% with respect to the overall length of the cells starting from the inflow end face, in an extending direction of the cells of the honeycomb structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2022
    Assignees: NGK Insulators, Ltd., Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Fumihiko Yoshioka, Yoshiaki Hatakeyama, Noritaka Masumitsu
  • Patent number: 11248505
    Abstract: An oxidation catalyst composite for abatement of exhaust gas emissions from a lean burn engine is provided, the catalyst composite including a carrier substrate having a length, an inlet end and an outlet end, and an oxidation catalyst material coated on the carrier substrate. The oxidation catalyst material can include a first layer and a second layer. The first layer can include a first oxygen storage component that includes ceria and is impregnated with a palladium (Pd) component and a second component including one or more of magnesium (Mg), rhodium (Rh), and platinum (Pt). The second layer can include a refractory metal oxide component impregnated with platinum (Pt) and palladium (Pd), wherein the ratio of Pt to Pd is in the range of about 0:10 to about 10:0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2022
    Assignee: BASF CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shiang Sung, Patrick William McCanty, Markus Koegel, Susanne Stiebels
  • Patent number: 11219885
    Abstract: JMZ-1, a zeolite having a CHA structure and containing trimethyl(cyclohexylmethyl)ammonium cations as a structure directing agent is described. A calcined zeolite, JMZ-1C, that does not contain a structure directing agent, is also described. Metal containing JMZ-1C has improved SCR activity compared to CHA-containing zeolites having the same metal loading and comparable silica:alumina ratios (SAR). Methods of preparing JMZ-1, JMZ-1C and metal containing calcined counterparts of JMZ-1C are described along with methods of using JMZ-1C and metal containing calcined counterparts of JMZ-1C in treating exhaust gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2022
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: John Casci, Jillian Collier, Paul Cox, Robert Peter Hodgkins, Geraint Lloyd, Alessandro Turrina
  • Patent number: 11203958
    Abstract: A catalytic wall-flow monolith filter having three-way catalytic activity for use in an emission treatment system of a positive ignition internal combustion engine comprising a porous filter substrate having a first face and a second face defining a longitudinal direction there between and first and second pluralities of channels extending in the longitudinal direction, wherein the first plurality of channels is open at the first face and closed at the second face and the channels of the first plurality of channels are defined in part by channel wall surfaces, wherein the second plurality of channels is open at the second face and closed at the first face and the channels of the second plurality of channels are defined in part by channel wall surfaces and wherein channel walls between the channel wall surfaces of the first plurality of channels and the channel wall surfaces of the second plurality of channels are porous, wherein a first on-wall coating comprising catalytic material having a layer thickness is
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 21, 2021
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Lucy Clowes, Oliver Destecroix, John Benjamin Goodwin, Michael Anthony Howard, Fezile Lakadamyali, Sarah Frances Lockett, Paul Millington, Chris Robson
  • Patent number: 11187129
    Abstract: An exhaust gas purification including: a base of wall flow structure having inlet side cells wherein an end on the exhaust gas inflow side is open and outlet side cells wherein an end on the exhaust gas outflow side is open, and a porous partition wall that partitions the side cells; and first and second catalyst layers disposed in the interior of the porous partition wall so as to be in contact with the side cells, wherein either of the catalyst layers contains an oxidation catalyst but does not contain a reduction catalyst, and the other contains the reduction catalyst but does not contain the oxidation catalyst; and a ratio of the lengths of the catalyst layers differs between a surface of the porous partition wall on the side in contact with the inlet side cells and a surface on the side in contact with the outlet side cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2021
    Assignees: CATALER CORPORATION, TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Yasutaka Nomura, Satoru Inoda, Naoto Miyoshi, Akemi Sato
  • Patent number: 11181026
    Abstract: The present disclosure describes methods for operating an EAS including a close coupled SCR unit, a downstream SCR unit, a diesel oxidation catalyst unit (DOC) and a diesel particulate filter (DPF). The methods utilize the close coupled SCR unit to manage NOx emissions from the EAS during regeneration of a diesel particulate filter (DPF).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2020
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2021
    Assignee: PACCAR INC
    Inventors: Cynthia Chaffin Webb, Charles Wayne Reinhardt Swart, Maarten Meijer, Varun Ramesh
  • Patent number: 11181023
    Abstract: Catalyzed particulate filters comprise three-way conversion (TWC) catalytic material that permeates walls of a particulate filter such that the catalyzed particulate filter has a coated porosity that is less than an uncoated porosity of the particulate filter. The coated porosity is linearly proportional to a washcoat loading of the TWC catalytic material. A coated backpressure is non-detrimental to performance of the engine. Such catalyzed particulate filters may be used in an emission treatment system downstream of a gasoline direct injection engine for treatment of an exhaust stream comprising hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2021
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Janosch Cravillon, Stephan Siemund, Attilio Siani, Thomas Schmitz, Oliver Seel, Knut Wassermann
  • Patent number: 11167272
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for emissions control of a vehicle. In one example, a catalyst may include a cerium-based support material and a transition metal catalyst loaded on the support material, the transition metal catalyst including nickel and copper, wherein nickel in the transition metal catalyst is included in a monatomic layer loaded on the support material. In some examples, limiting nickel to the monatomic layer may mitigate extensive transition metal catalyst degradation ascribed to sintering of thicker nickel washcoat layers. Further, by utilizing the cerium-based support material, side reactions involving nickel in the transition metal catalyst with other support materials may be prevented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2021
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Rachael Jean Harrington, Eva Thanasiu, Hungwen Jen, Giovanni Cavataio, Jeffrey Scott Hepburn
  • Patent number: 11141696
    Abstract: A selective catalytic reduction system may include a single housing defining a single centerline axis. The selective catalytic reduction system may also include a diesel particulate filter disposed within the single housing and having a DPF center axis aligned with the single centerline axis. The selective catalytic reduction system may also include an SCR catalyst disposed within the single housing and having a center axis aligned with the single centerline axis. In some implementations, the diesel particulate filter may include one or more SiC filters. In some implementations, the SCR catalyst may include one or more extruded SCR catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2020
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2021
    Assignee: CUMMINS EMISSION SOLUTIONS, INC.
    Inventors: Randolph G. Zoran, Ryan M. Johnson, David M. Sarcona, A. Carl McDonald, Jr., Kenneth R. Federle, John G. Buechler, Scott Lubenow, Arvind V. Harinath
  • Patent number: 11141717
    Abstract: The invention relates to a catalyst which comprises a carrier substrate, palladium, and a zeolite, the largest channels of which are formed by 10 tetradrically coordinated atoms; to the use of said catalyst as a passive nitrogen oxide adsorber, an exhaust gas system which contains said catalyst and an SCR catalyst, and to a method for purifying the exhaust gas of motor vehicles using said exhaust gas system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2021
    Assignee: UMICORE AG & CO. KG
    Inventors: Christoph Hengst, Frank-Walter Schuetze, Michael Lennartz
  • Patent number: 11103858
    Abstract: A NOx absorber catalyst for treating an exhaust gas from a lean burn engine. The NOx absorber catalyst comprises a molecular sieve catalyst comprising a noble metal and a molecular sieve, wherein the molecular sieve contains the noble metal; an oxygen storage material for protecting the molecular sieve catalyst; and a substrate having an inlet end and an outlet end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2021
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Andrew Francis Chiffey, Jack Corps, Laura Mitchell-Downie, Francois Moreau, Matthew O'Brien
  • Patent number: 11077432
    Abstract: The present disclosure generally provides catalysts, catalyst articles and catalyst systems including such catalyst articles. In particular, the catalyst composition includes a metal ion-exchanged molecular sieve ion-exchanged with at least one additional metal, which reduces the number of metal centers often present in metal promoted zeolite catalysts. Methods of making and using the catalyst composition are also provided, as well as emission treatment systems including a catalyst article coated with the catalyst composition. The catalyst article present in such emission treatment systems is useful to catalyze the reduction of nitrogen oxides in gas exhaust in the presence of a reductant while minimizing the amount of dinitrogen oxide emission.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2021
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Wenyong Lin, Jaya Lakshmi, Xinsheng Liu, John Hochmuth
  • Patent number: 11071970
    Abstract: The present invention relates to crystalline zeolites with an ERI/CHA intergrowth framework type and to a process for making said zeolites. The ERI content of the zeolites ranges from 10 to 85 wt.-%, based on the total weight of ERI and CHA. The zeolites may further comprise 0.1 to 10 wt.-% copper, calculated as CuO, and one or more alkali and alkaline earth metal cations in an amount of 0.1 to 5 wt.-%, calculated as pure metals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2021
    Assignee: Umicore AG & Co. KG
    Inventors: Sreeprasanth Pulinthanathu Sree, Stef Jules Peter Kerkhofs, Elke Jane June Verheyen, Johan Adriaan Martens, Frank-Walter Schuetze
  • Patent number: 11053833
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides the exhaust gas purification catalyst with the improved purification performance under the high Ga condition and the atmosphere where the A/F is rich. The present disclosure relates to an exhaust gas purification catalyst including a catalyst coating layer on a substrate, the catalyst coating layer containing a noble metal and a metal oxide, wherein in the catalyst coating layer: an average thickness of the coating layer is in a range from 50 ?m to 100 ?m; a porosity measured by a weight-in-water method is in a range from 50% by volume to 80% by volume; and high-aspect-ratio pores having an aspect ratio of 5 or more account for 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2021
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Isao Chinzei, Masahide Miura, Seiji Nakahigashi, Hiromasa Suzuki, Toshio Yamamoto, Akira Morikawa, Satoru Katoh, Takashi Onozuka, Hirotaka Ori, Mitsuyoshi Okada, Sho Hoshino
  • Patent number: 11040337
    Abstract: A microporous crystalline material having a molar silica to alumina ratio (SAR) ranging from 10 to 15 and a fraction of Al in the zeolite framework of 0.63 or greater is disclosed. A method of selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides in exhaust gas that comprises contacting exhaust gases, typically in the presence of ammonia, urea, an ammonia generating compound, or a hydrocarbon compound, with an article comprising the disclosed microporous crystalline is also disclosed. Further, a method of making the disclosed microporous crystalline material is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2021
    Assignee: PQ Corporation
    Inventors: Hong-Xin Li, Anton Petushkov, Lifeng Wang, Bjorn Moden
  • Patent number: 10989087
    Abstract: Provided is a plug-in hybrid vehicle which includes an exhaust treatment unit which communicates with an engine and discharges exhaust gas generated by combustion of liquid fuel, an oxidation catalyst and an SCR which are placed in a middle part of the exhaust treatment unit to remove impurities contained in the exhaust gas, and an external charging mechanism which is electrically connected with a battery and charges the battery with external electrical power, where the external charging mechanism includes a first heater unit and a second heater unit which heat the oxidation catalyst and the SCR with electrical power stored in the battery or external electrical power when the battery is charged with the external electrical power in a state where the fuel-based power unit and the electrical power unit are stopped.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: ISUZU MOTORS LIMITED
    Inventor: Takeshi Yokoi
  • Patent number: 10968804
    Abstract: A controller calculates a predicted value of the exhaust pressure between a catalyst and a filter for a case in which engine fuel containing no manganese is used continuously. Also, the controller calculates a correlation value proportional to the amount of heat received by the catalyst when the catalyst temperature is higher than or equal to the adhesion temperature of manganese oxide. Further, the controller determines that there is a removal requirement for removing manganese oxide from the catalyst when the difference between the predicted value and the detected pressure of the exhaust pressure between the catalyst and the filter is greater than a specified determination value, and the correlation value is greater than or equal to a specified determination value. The controller executes the removal process by performing fuel amount increase control when it is determined that there is a removal requirement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2021
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventor: Yuichiro Kanada
  • Patent number: 10946336
    Abstract: An oxidation catalyst includes cerium dioxide particles and a metal oxide. The cerium dioxide particles contain an ancillary component that is at least one of lanthanum, aluminum, and iron. The metal oxide contains iron and manganese and is held by the cerium dioxide particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2021
    Assignee: NGK Insulators, Ltd.
    Inventor: Yunie Izumi
  • Patent number: 10926221
    Abstract: A catalyst article including a substrate with an inlet side and an outlet side, a first zone and a second zone, where the first zone includes a passive NOx adsorber (PNA), and an ammonia slip catalyst (ASC) comprising a platinum group metal on a support and a first SCR catalyst; where the second zone includes a catalyst selected from the group consisting of a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) and a diesel exotherm catalyst (DEC); and where the first zone is located upstream of the second zone. The first zone may include a bottom layer with a blend of: (1) the platinum group metal on a support and (2) the first SCR catalyst; and a top layer with a second SCR catalyst, the top layer located over the bottom layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2021
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Hai-Ying Chen, Joseph Michael Fedeyko, Dongxia Liu, Jing Lu
  • Patent number: 10874984
    Abstract: The invention relates to a fluid suited for depollution of exhaust gas, notably in internal-combustion engines, allowing both to perform catalytic reduction of the nitrogen oxides (DeNOx) contained in the exhaust gas and to provide particulate filter (PAF) regeneration aid. The fluid is a homogeneous aqueous solution of a reductant or a reductant precursor for the DeNOx process, and it comprises a metallic additive for catalyzing the oxidation of exhaust gas particles. This metallic additive is a basic metal carbonate soluble in said aqueous solution. The invention also describes the preparation method and the use thereof for the depollution of exhaust gas of internal-combustion engines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2020
    Assignee: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    Inventors: Serge Gonzalez, David Pasquier, Jacques Vallet
  • Patent number: 10864502
    Abstract: An oxidation catalyst composite, methods, and systems for the treatment of exhaust gas emissions from a diesel engine are described. More particularly, an oxidation catalyst composite including a first washcoat comprising a zeolite, Pt, and first refractory metal oxide support containing manganese, a second washcoat comprising a second refractory metal oxide support, a Pt component and a Pd component, and a third washcoat comprising palladium and a rare earth oxide component is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2020
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Shiang Sung, Stanley A. Roth, Karifala Dumbuya, Susanne Stiebels, Claudia Zabel, Olga Gerlach, Andreas Sundermann
  • Patent number: 10857521
    Abstract: An oxidation catalyst composite, methods, and systems for the treatment of exhaust gas emissions from a diesel engine are described. More particularly, described is an oxidation catalyst composite including a first oxidation component comprising a first refractory metal oxide support, palladium (Pd) and platinum (Pt); a NOx storage component comprising one or more of alumina, silica, titania, ceria, or manganese; and a second oxidation component comprising a second refractory metal oxide, a zeolite, and Pt. The oxidation catalyst composite is sulfur tolerant, adsorbs NOx and thermally releases the stored NOx at temperature less than 350° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2020
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Shiang Sung, Patrick William McCanty, Stanley A. Roth, Xiaolai Zheng, Olga Gerlach, Markus Kögel
  • Patent number: 10828626
    Abstract: A composite material comprises a macroporous silicate-based material at least partially substituted with at least one microporous zeolite, wherein the microporous zeolite is functionalised with either copper, iron or both copper and iron, and wherein the composite material is in the form of particles. The composite material can be obtained using a method comprising the steps of: (i) providing a mixture comprising a silicate-containing scaffold having a macroporous structure, an aluminium source and an organic template; (ii) hydrothermally treating the mixture to form a microporous zeolite-containing structure substantially retaining the macroporous structure of the silicate-containing scaffold; (iii) incorporating copper, iron or both copper and iron into the zeolite. The silicate-containing scaffold can be a diatomaceous earth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Catalysts (Germany) GmbH
    Inventors: Juergen Bauer, Ralf Dotzel, Joerg Werner Muench, Ralitsa Purova, Wilhelm Schwieger, Thangaraj Selvam, Ameen Shahid
  • Patent number: 10799831
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an SCR-active material, comprising a small-pore zeolite, aluminum oxide and copper, characterized in that it contains 5 to 25 wt-% of aluminum oxide in relation to the entire material and that the copper is present on the aluminum oxide in a first concentration and on the small-pore zeolite in a second concentration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2020
    Assignee: Umicore AG & Co. KG
    Inventors: Michael Seyler, Michael Lennartz, Frank-Walter Schuetze, Benjamin Barth, Anke Schuler, Frank Welsch, Stephan Eckhoff
  • Patent number: 10744496
    Abstract: Provided is a catalyst washcoat comprising (i) a molecular sieve loaded with about 1 to about 10 weight percent of at least non-aluminum promoter metal (wherein the promoter metal weight percent is based on the weight of the molecular sieve); and (ii) about 1 to about 30 weight percent of a binder having a d90 particle size of less than 10 microns (wherein the binder weight percent is based on the total weight of the washcoat). In another aspect of the invention, the catalyst washcoat is applied to a wall-flow filter to form a catalyst article. In another aspect of the invention the catalyst article is part of an exhaust gas treatment system. And in yet another aspect of the invention, provided is a method for treating exhaust gas using the catalyst article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Guy Chandler, Keith Flanagan, Alexander Green, David Marvell, Paul Phillips
  • Patent number: 10746071
    Abstract: A method and system for treating engine exhaust gas of an engine system is disclosed. The method includes generating ammonia from a urea supply, supplying the ammonia to the engine exhaust gas upstream of a catalyst device, and supplying urea to the engine exhaust gas downstream of the supplying of the ammonia, and downstream of the catalyst device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventor: Robert D. Clayton, Jr.
  • Patent number: 10711674
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst comprising a carrier substrate of the length L, a passive nitrogen oxide adsorber and means to control the temperature of the carrier substrate, as well as a process for cleaning of an exhaust gas emitted from a lean burn engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: UMICORE AG & CO. KG
    Inventors: Davion Onuga Clark, Christoph Hengst
  • Patent number: 10695749
    Abstract: Sinter-resistant catalyst systems include a catalytic substrate comprising a plurality of metal catalytic nanoparticles bound to a metal oxide catalyst support, and a coating of oxide nanoparticles disposed on the metal catalytic nanoparticles and optionally on the metal oxide support. The oxide nanoparticles comprise one or more lanthanum oxides and optionally one or more barium oxides, and additionally one or more oxides of aluminum, cerium, zirconium, titanium, silicon, magnesium, zinc, iron, strontium, and calcium. The metal catalytic nanoparticles can include ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium, and platinum, rhenium, copper, silver, and/or gold. The metal oxide catalyst support can include one or more metal oxides selected from the group consisting of Al2O3, CeO2, ZrO2, TiO2, SiO2, La2O3, MgO, and ZnO. The coating of oxide nanoparticles is about 0.1% to about 50% lanthanum and barium oxides. The oxide nanoparticles can further include one or more oxides of magnesium and/or cobalt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Xingcheng Xiao, Ming Yang, Gongshin Qi, Wei Li
  • Patent number: 10661665
    Abstract: Provided is a two-power-supply load driving fuel cell system capable of improving the durability of the fuel cell and the power efficiency of the system. Even if the variation of a load terminal voltage occurs, the variation of the output terminal of an FC can be suppressed due to the high-speed operation of an FCVCU including an SiC-FET, enabling the durability of the FC to be ensured. In addition, since IGBTs are employed in a BATVCU having large average passing power, the power loss of a fuel cell system can be reduced. It is therefore possible to construct a system that takes advantage of the characteristics of the switching elements used in the FCVCU and the BATVCU.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Shuichi Kazuno
  • Patent number: 10656130
    Abstract: An elemental analysis system includes a reactor having at least one reduction reaction zone including a metal zeolite that can reduce nitrogen oxides (NOx) to molecular nitrogen (N2) by selective catalytic reduction. Correspondingly, a method of elemental analysis includes providing a reactor having at least one reduction reaction zone including a metal zeolite and reducing nitrogen oxides (NOx) to molecular nitrogen (N2) by selective catalytic reaction on the metal zeolite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: Thermo Fisher Scientific (Bremen) GmbH
    Inventors: Antonella Guzzonato, Christopher Brodie
  • Patent number: 10625208
    Abstract: An exhaust system for a compression ignition engine comprising an oxidation catalyst for treating carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbons (HCs) in exhaust gas from the compression ignition engine, wherein the oxidation catalyst comprises: a platinum group metal (PGM) component selected from the group consisting of a platinum (Pt) component, a palladium (Pd) component and a combination thereof; an alkaline earth metal component; a support material comprising a modified alumina incorporating a heteroatom component; and a substrate, wherein the platinum group metal (PGM) component, the alkaline earth metal component and the support material are disposed on the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: David Bergeal, Andrew Francis Chiffey, John Benjamin Goodwin, Daniel Hatcher, Francois Moreau, Agnes Raj, Raj Rao Rajaram, Paul Richard Phillips, Cathal Prendergast
  • Patent number: 10610829
    Abstract: Adhesion of a catalyst layer and an oxide film in a honeycomb substrate for catalyst support is improved. A honeycomb substrate for catalyst support used in purification of exhaust gas includes a honeycomb body and an oxide film that is formed on the surface of the honeycomb body and that has ?-alumina as a main component. The oxide film includes multiple oxide projections that are formed to be dispersed on the film surface and that include a contracted shape in which the width becomes narrower near the honeycomb body, and the density of the projection formations on the film surface is 0.20 (pieces/?m2)-3.00 (pieces/?m2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL CHEMICAL & MATERIAL, CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shinji Kawasoe, Tooru Inaguma, Takuzo Kako
  • Patent number: 10596518
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the production of a zeolitic material having a BEA-type framework structure comprising YO2 and X2O3, wherein said process comprises the steps of (1) preparing a mixture comprising one or more sources for YO2 and one or more sources for X2O3; (2) crystallizing the mixture obtained in step (1); (3) subjecting the zeolitic material having a BEA-type framework structure obtained in step (2) to an ion-exchange procedure with Cu; and (4) subjecting the Cu ion-exchanged zeolitic material obtained in step (3) to an ion-exchange procedure with Fe; wherein Y is a tetravalent element, and X is a trivalent element, wherein the mixture provided in step (1) and crystallized in step (2) further comprises seed crystals comprising one or more zeolitic materials having a BEA-type framework structure, and wherein the mixture provided in step (1) and crystallized in step (2) does not contain an organotemplate as a structure-directing agent, as well as to the zeolitic material having
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignees: BASF SE, TOKYO INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Mathias Feyen, Stefan Maurer, Ulrich Mueller, Xinhe Bao, Weiping Zhang, Dirk De Vos, Hermann Gies, Feng-Shou Xiao, Toshiyuki Yokoi, Bilge Yilmaz
  • Patent number: 10583421
    Abstract: These embodiments relate to a method of attaching photocatalytic materials to inorganic surfaces. A method is described wherein metal hydroxide is converted to metal oxide, creating metal oxide linkages to attach photocatalysts to an inorganic surface. The photocatalyst attached inorganic material is useful in products that can partially or fully oxidize certain volatile organic compounds from a gas or liquid stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventor: Brett T. Harding
  • Patent number: 10532344
    Abstract: A NOx trap catalyst is disclosed. The NOx trap catalyst comprises a noble metal, a NOx storage component, a support, and a first ceria-containing material. The first ceria-containing material is pre-aged prior to incorporation into the NOx trap catalyst, and may have a surface area of less than 80 m2/g. The invention also includes exhaust systems comprising the NOx trap catalyst, and a method for treating exhaust gas utilizing the NOx trap catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2020
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Guy Richard Chandler, Paul Richard Phillips, Stuart David Reid, Wolfgang Strehlau, Daniel Swallow
  • Patent number: 10518253
    Abstract: A catalyst includes LTA zeolite including copper ions, wherein a Si/Al ratio of the LTA zeolite is 2 to 50. The catalyst is coated on a honeycomb carrier or a filter. The catalyst removes NOx from a reaction gas at 100° C. or above. The catalyst has an NOx conversion rate of 80% at 450° C. or above.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Assignees: HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, KIA MOTORS CORPORATION, POSTECH ACADEMY-INDUSTRY FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Suk Bong Hong, Donghui Jo, Taekyung Ryu, Gi Tae Park, In-Sik Nam, Pyung Soon Kim, Chang Hwan Kim
  • Patent number: 10513436
    Abstract: Methods, systems and apparatus relate to producing synthesis gas or carbon and hydrogen utilizing a reduced catalyst CuO—Fe2O3. The method comprises introducing CH4; reducing the CuO—Fe2O3 with the introduced CH4, yielding at least a reduced metal catalyst; oxidizing the reduced metal with O2 yielding CuO—Fe2O3; and generating heat that would be used for the hydrogen and carbon or syngas production with the reduced catalyst CuO—Fe2O3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2019
    Assignee: U.S. Department of Energy
    Inventors: Ranjani Siriwardane, Hanjing Tian
  • Patent number: 10507457
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a honeycomb structure having promoter particles and a binder phase interposed between the promoter particles, and a method for manufacturing the same. The promoter particles contain at least first promoter particles made of a ceria-zirconia solid solution. The binder phase, in each of which a number of inorganic binder particles are aggregated with each other, with ?-alumina being a main component, contain one or two of Fe and Cr dissolved in ?-alumina. The honeycomb structure has a specific surface area at a ratio of 90% or more of after heating to before heating at a temperature of 1200° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2019
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Youichi Kadota, Yasushi Takayama
  • Patent number: 10501347
    Abstract: A method of treating water to oxidize organic contaminants comprises heat transfer system includes heating liquid water to a temperature of at least 190° F. at a pressure to keep the heated water in a liquid phase, and contacting the heated water with oxygen and an oxidation catalyst including a noble metal on a porous support comprising a bi-modal pore size distribution including pore sizes from 1 nm to 20 nm and pore sizes from 100 nm to 1000 nm. The resulting catalytic oxidation of the organic contaminants results in the release of gaseous reaction products resulting from the oxidation reaction, which are separated from the treated water in a phase separator to produce a treated water final product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2019
    Assignee: HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND SPACE SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL, INC.
    Inventors: Ping Yu, Timothy A. Nalette
  • Patent number: 10500562
    Abstract: A passive NOX adsorbent includes: palladium, platinum or a mixture thereof and a mixed or composite oxide including the following elements in percentage by weight, expressed in terms of oxide: 10-90% by weight zirconium and 0.1-50% by weight of least one of the following: a transition metal or a lanthanide series element other than Ce. Although the passive NOX adsorbent can include Ce in an amount ranging from 0.1 to 20% by weight expressed in terms of oxide, advantages are obtained particularly in the case of low-Ce or a substantially Ce-free passive NOx adsorbent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2019
    Assignees: Magnesium Elektron Ltd., University of Kentucky Research Foundation
    Inventors: Deborah Jayne Harris, David Alastair Scapens, John G. Darab, Mark Crocker, Yaying Ji
  • Patent number: 10458368
    Abstract: An exhaust gas system for a gasoline engine with an exhaust gas pipe connectible to an outlet manifold, with an inlet pipe connectible to an inlet manifold, whereas a main exhaust catalyst is provided within the exhaust gas pipe wherein at least one first exhaust gas recirculation pipe is provided which branches off from the exhaust gas pipe and ends in the inlet pipe, whereas at least one particle filter is positioned within the first exhaust gas recirculation pipe and/or within the exhaust gas pipe upstream of the first exhaust gas recirculation pipe, wherein optionally at least a second exhaust gas recirculation pipe is provided, whereas at least one particle filter is provided which is positioned within the second exhaust gas recirculation pipe and/or which is positioned within the exhaust gas pipe upstream of the second exhaust gas recirculation pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2019
    Assignee: TENNECO GMBH
    Inventor: Michael Fischer
  • Patent number: 10456746
    Abstract: A selective catalytic reduction filter (SCRF) including a wall-flow substrate having inlet channels and outlet channels is provided. A first selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalyst zone is present in the inlet channels, and a second SCR catalyst zone is present in the outlet channels. The first SCR catalyst zone includes an iron-exchanged zeolite catalyst, and the second SCR catalyst zone includes a copper-exchanged zeolite catalyst. Exhaust gas treatment systems including the SCRF and methods of reducing production of nitrous oxide (N2O) during selective catalytic reduction of an exhaust gas stream using the SCRF are also provided herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2019
    Assignee: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Shouxian Ren, Gongshin Qi
  • Patent number: 10449494
    Abstract: Method for determining a true amount of active product entering a catalytic device of a vehicle exhaust line includes: introducing, into the exhaust gas stream upstream of the device, an active flow rate of active product so that the contaminant and active product are absent at the measurement probe at the outlet of the device, increasing the active flow rate until the second probe measures a given escape content of the product, stabilizing the escape of product, via the measurement provided by the probe, at the given escape content, introducing a theoretical additional test flow rate of product into the exhaust gas stream upstream of the device, waiting until the total content of product measured in response at the second probe has stabilized, and measuring this stabilized total content, and determining the stabilized true additional test flow rate of active product entering the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignees: CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FRANCE, CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GMBH
    Inventor: Steven Maertens
  • Patent number: 10434471
    Abstract: Active catalysts for the treatment of a low temperature exhaust gas stream are provided containing copper oxides dispersed on a spinel oxide for the direct, lean removal of nitrogen oxides from the exhaust gas stream. The low temperature, direct decomposition is accomplished without the need of a reductant molecule. In one example, CuOx may be dispersed as a monolayer on a metal oxide support, such as Co3O4 spinel oxide, synthesized using an incipient wetness impregnation technique. The CuOx/Co3O4 catalyst system converts nitric oxide to nitrogen gas with high product specificity, avoiding the production of a significant concentration of the undesirable N2O product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2019
    Assignee: Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.
    Inventors: Torin C. Peck, Michael Jones, Krishna R. Gunugunuri, Charles Alexander Roberts