Binary Compound (e.g., Carbide, Etc.) Patents (Class 423/439)
  • Patent number: 10633762
    Abstract: A method of producing silicon carbide is disclosed. The method comprises the steps of providing a sublimation furnace comprising a furnace shell, at least one heating element positioned outside the furnace shell, and a hot zone positioned inside the furnace shell surrounded by insulation. The hot zone comprises a crucible with a silicon carbide precursor positioned in the lower region and a silicon carbide seed positioned in the upper region. The hot zone is heated to sublimate the silicon carbide precursor, forming silicon carbide on the bottom surface of the silicon carbide seed. Also disclosed is the sublimation furnace to produce the silicon carbide as well as the resulting silicon carbide material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2020
    Assignee: GTAT Corporation.
    Inventors: Roman V. Drachev, Parthasarathy Santhanaraghavan, Andriy M. Andrukhiv, David S. Lyttle
  • Patent number: 10460850
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a thermoelectric composite material and a method for preparing a thermoelectric composite material. Specifically, the invention relates to a thermoelectric composite material in which graphene oxide attached with conductive metal nanoparticles is dispersed in a thermoelectric material and a method for preparing a thermoelectric composite powder comprising the steps of: growing conductive metal nanoparticles on the surface of graphene oxide (step 1); and introducing the graphene oxide attached with the conductive metal nanoparticles prepared in step 1 into a thermoelectric material precursor solution, followed by heat treatment (step 2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2019
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Machinery & Materials
    Inventors: Kyung Tae Kim, Yeong-seong Eom, Young Kuk Kim, Jae-yeol Woo
  • Patent number: 10301719
    Abstract: A method of forming a low-dielectric-constant amorphous hydrogenated boron carbide film on a substrate includes positioning the substrate within a plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) chamber, providing a boron carbide precursor and introducing the boron carbide precursor into a carrier gas to form a carrier gas-precursor mixture. The method also includes introducing the carrier gas-precursor mixture into the PECVD chamber. The method also includes applying radio frequency power within the PECVD chamber to the carrier gas-precursor mixture to form one or more plasmas containing one or more species containing at least one of boron, carbon or hydrogen. The method also includes forming the low-dielectric-constant amorphous hydrogenated boron carbide film on the substrate within the PECVD chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignees: The Curators of the University of Missouri, Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Michelle Paquette, Bradley Nordell, Anthony N. Caruso, Sean King
  • Patent number: 10144648
    Abstract: The disclosure provides for methods of oxidizing carbide anions, or negative ions, from salt like carbides at low temperatures below about 600° C. In another aspect, the disclosure provides for reactions with intermediate transition metal carbides. In yet another aspect, the disclosure provides for a system of reactions where salt-like carbide anions and intermediate carbide anions are oxidized to produce pure carbon of various allotropes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY RESEARCH CORPORATION
    Inventor: Alfred H. Stiller
  • Patent number: 10022693
    Abstract: A system used for converting multiple fuel feedstocks may include three reactors. The reactor system combination can be so chosen that one of the reactors completely or partially converts the fuel while the other generates the gaseous product required by utilizing the gaseous product from the second reactor. The metal-oxide composition and the reactor flow-patterns can be manipulated to provide the desired product. A method for optimizing the system efficiency where a pressurized gaseous fuel or a pressurized utility is used for applications downstream can be used to any system processing fuels and metal-oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: OHIO STATE INNOVATION FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Liang-Shih Fan, Mandar Kathe, William Wang, Elena Chung, Andrew Tong
  • Patent number: 9650487
    Abstract: An aerogel and process of making the aerogel are provided. The aerogel is a polyimide aerogel having polyamide cross-links formed using a poly(maleic anhydride) cross-linker.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Administrator of National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Haiquan Guo, Mary Ann B. Meador
  • Patent number: 9505997
    Abstract: The invention comprises a thermal power supply process for a treatment system for raw material. It also refers to a system operating this process and a facility operating said system. The process comprises steps of gasification of dry raw material containing carbon (MPCS) in a first reactor by a gaseous flow of gasification containing CO2, oxidation of gasification gases by oxygen holders in a second reactor and an activation of the oxygen holders as used during the oxidation in a third reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Assignee: SEE—Soluções, Energia e Meio Ambiente Ltda.
    Inventor: Raymond François Guyomarc'h
  • Patent number: 9478596
    Abstract: A display device, display panel and manufacturing method thereof, where the display panel includes an array substrate including a plurality of thin film transistors, a pixel define layer disposed on the array substrate, and an organic light-emitting structure which is surrounded by the pixel define layer and of a top emission structure. The display panel further includes: a light blocking layer disposed between the array substrate and the pixel define layer and configured to prevent light passing through the pixel define layer from irradiating on the thin film transistor. By disposing the light blocking layer between the array substrate and the pixel define layer, light passing through the pixel define layer may be prevented from irradiating on the thin film transistor in the array substrate. Therefore, leakage current generated by the thin film transistor due to optical excitation may be reduced, thereby improving stability of the thin film transistor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignees: SHANGHAI TIANMA AM-OLED CO., LTD., TIANMA MICRO-ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yongzhi Wang, Liyuan Luo
  • Patent number: 9453532
    Abstract: A sliding bearing having a composite layer comprising carbon nanostructures (6) incorporated within a metallic matrix (5), and a method of manufacture of such a sliding bearing by electroplating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: Mahle International GmbH
    Inventor: Roohollah Kachoosangi
  • Patent number: 9068246
    Abstract: A method of recovering aluminum is provided. An alloy melt having Al4C3 and aluminum is provided. This mixture is cooled and then a sufficient amount of a finely dispersed gas is added to the alloy melt at a temperature of about 700° C. to about 900° C. The aluminum recovered is a decarbonized carbothermically produced aluminum where the step of adding a sufficient amount of the finely dispersed gas effects separation of the aluminum from the Al4C3 precipitates by flotation, resulting in two phases with the Al4C3 precipitates being the upper layer and the decarbonized aluminum being the lower layer. The aluminum is then recovered from the Al4C3 precipitates through decanting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2015
    Assignee: Alcon Inc.
    Inventors: Marshall J. Bruno, Gerald E. Carkin, David H. DeYoung, Ronald M. Dunlap, Sr.
  • Publication number: 20150129089
    Abstract: A hydrogen-free amorphous dielectric insulating film having a high material density and a low density of tunneling states is provided. The film is prepared by e-beam deposition of a dielectric material on a substrate having a high substrate temperature Tsub under high vacuum and at a low deposition rate. In an exemplary embodiment, the film is amorphous silicon having a density greater than about 2.18 g/cm3 and a hydrogen content of less than about 0.1%, prepared by e-beam deposition at a rate of about 0.1 nm/sec on a substrate having Tsub=400° C. under a vacuum pressure of 1×10?8 Torr.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2014
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: The Government of the United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Xiao Liu, Daniel R. Queen, Frances Hellman
  • Publication number: 20150125378
    Abstract: A method for synthesizing catalyst beads of bulk transmission metal carbides, nitrides and phosphides is provided. The method includes providing an aqueous suspension of transition metal oxide particles in a gel forming base, dropping the suspension into an aqueous solution to form a gel bead matrix, heating the bead to remove the binder, and carburizing, nitriding or phosphiding the bead to form a transition metal carbide, nitride, or phosphide catalyst bead. The method can be tuned for control of porosity, mechanical strength, and dopant content of the beads. The produced catalyst beads are catalytically active, mechanically robust, and suitable for packed-bed reactor applications. The produced catalyst beads are suitable for biomass conversion, petrochemistry, petroleum refining, electrocatalysis, and other applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Jae Soon Choi, Beth L. Armstrong, Viviane Schwartz
  • Publication number: 20150111976
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a series of new and improved porous polyamide aerogels derived from multifunctional aromatics that combine the high mechanical strength of aramids with the pore structure of aerogels. The polyamide aerogels have a hyperbranched structure, relatively low density, high porosity and may be derived from functionalized monomers having more aromatic groups than functional groups. The present disclosure also provides a new method for producing the porous polyamide aerogels by polymerizing an aromatic multifunctional carboxylic acid or a ferrocene multifunctional carboxylic acid with a polyfunctional aromatic isocyanate at moderate reaction conditions followed by drying with liquid CO2. Also disclosed are various methods of use of these polyamide aerogels in a variety of applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Nicholas Leventis, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Malik Adnan Saeed
  • Publication number: 20150110703
    Abstract: A method for producing usable product in a reactor including introducing a viscous mixture including usable product and unconverted reactant into a chamber of a housing through an inlet, wherein the mixture has a temperature greater than ambient temperature when introduced into the chamber; heating the viscous mixture in the chamber using at least one of an induction heater, an exothermic reaction, a microwave heater, a radio frequency heater, an electrical resistance heater, a laser heater, a plasma heater, and a heated fluid; converting at least a portion of the unconverted reactant to usable product, wherein at least a portion of the usable product is produced in the viscous mixture; and transferring the viscous mixture including usable product from the housing through an outlet.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 21, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Matthew Targett, Hani Gadalla
  • Publication number: 20150111018
    Abstract: In some embodiments, the present disclosure pertains to methods of capturing a gas from an environment by associating the environment with a porous carbon material that includes, without limitation, protein-derived porous carbon materials, carbohydrate-derived porous carbon materials, cotton-derived porous carbon materials, fat-derived porous carbon materials, waste-derived porous carbon materials, asphalt-derived porous carbon materials, coal-derived porous carbon materials, coke-derived porous carbon materials, asphaltene-derived porous carbon materials, oil product-derived porous carbon materials, bitumen-derived porous carbon materials, tar-derived porous carbon materials, pitch-derived porous carbon materials, anthracite-derived porous carbon materials, melamine-derived porous carbon materials, and combinations thereof. In some embodiments, the associating results in sorption of gas components (e.g., CO2, H2S, and combinations thereof) to the porous carbon material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: William Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: James M. Tour, Desmond E. Schipper, Chih-Chau Hwang, Josiah Tour, Almaz S. Jalilov, Gedeng Ruan
  • Publication number: 20150111024
    Abstract: In some embodiments, the present disclosure pertains to methods of capturing a gas from an environment by associating the environment (e.g., a pressurized environment) with a porous carbon material that comprises a plurality of pores and a plurality of nucleophilic moieties. In some embodiments, the associating results in sorption of gas components (e.g., CO2 or H2S) to the porous carbon materials. In some embodiments, the methods of the present disclosure also include a step of releasing captured gas components from porous carbon materials. In some embodiments, the releasing occurs without any heating steps by decreasing environmental pressure. In some embodiments, the methods of the present disclosure also include a step of disposing released gas components and reusing porous carbon materials. Additional embodiments of the present disclosure pertain to porous carbon materials that are used for gas capture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: William Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: James M. Tour, Chih-Chau Hwang, Desmond E. Schipper
  • Patent number: 8969236
    Abstract: A preferred embodiment of the process involves a generate a catalyst that comprises molybdenum carbide nickel material. Steps may involve heating a surface that comprises molybdenum oxide and a nickel salt while passing thereover a gaseous mixture that comprises a reductant and a carburizer. In certain embodiments, the reductant and the carburizer may both be carbon monoxide, or both be a saturated hydrocarbon. In others, the reductant may be carbon monoxide and the carburizer may be a saturated hydrocarbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: University of Wyoming Research Corporation
    Inventors: Vijay K. Sethi, Yulong Zhang
  • Publication number: 20150001437
    Abstract: Continuous flow synthetic methods are used to make single phase magnetic metal alloy nanoparticles that do not contain rare earth metals. Soft and hard magnets made from the magnetic nanoparticles are used for a variety of purposes, e.g. in electric motors, communication devices, etc.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 4, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Everett E. Carpenter, Zachary J. Huba, Kyler J. Carroll, Ahmed Farghaly
  • Publication number: 20140376347
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are near field transducers (NFTs) that include either silver, copper, or aluminum and one or more secondary elements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Justin Glen Brons, Tong Zhao, Sethuraman Jayashankar, Steve C. Riemer, Michael C. Kautzky
  • Publication number: 20140376351
    Abstract: A device including a near field transducer, the near field transducer including gold (Au) and at least one other secondary atom, the at least one other secondary atom selected from: boron (B), bismuth (Bi), indium (In), sulfur (S), silicon (Si), tin (Sn), hafnium (Hf), niobium (Nb), manganese (Mn), antimony (Sb), tellurium (Te), carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and oxygen (O), and combinations thereof erbium (Er), holmium (Ho), lutetium (Lu), praseodymium (Pr), scandium (Sc), uranium (U), zinc (Zn), and combinations thereof and barium (Ba), chlorine (Cl), cesium (Cs), dysprosium (Dy), europium (Eu), fluorine (F), gadolinium (Gd), germanium (Ge), hydrogen (H), iodine (I), osmium (Os), phosphorus (P), rubidium (Rb), rhenium (Re), selenium (Se), samarium (Sm), terbium (Tb), thallium (Th), and combinations thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Yuhang Cheng, Tong Zhao, Michael C. Kautzky, Ed F. Rejda, Kurt W. Wierman, Scott Franzen, Sethuraman Jayashankar, Sarbeswar Sahoo, Jie Gong, Michael Allen Seigler
  • Publication number: 20140348737
    Abstract: A method for producing a usable by-product in a cyclone reactor. The method comprises introducing a reactant into a housing of the reactor through an inlet; using a burner to combust a first portion of the reactant in an exothermic reaction provided in a flame zone near a center of the housing; consuming a second portion of the reactant in an endothermic reaction near an outer wall of the housing to produce the by-product as part of a slag layer; and removing the slag layer including the by-product though an outlet in the housing; wherein the endothermic reaction takes place at a temperature of at least 1600° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 5, 2014
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Applicant: LP Amina LLC
    Inventors: William Latta, Scott Vierstra, Matthew Targett, Volker Michele, Rainer Bellinghausen, Leslaw Mleczko, Heinrich Morhenn, Oliver Schlueter
  • Patent number: 8895160
    Abstract: The present invention provides an appliance for chip removal applications comprising a vibration-damping material wherein the vibration-damping material is a material arranged by nano-dimensional cluster form. The present invention additionally provides a method for manufacturing said appliance. The present invention provides also an appliance obtainable by said method. Additionally the present invention provides an article or work piece for use in an appliance for chip removal applications. Also a computer program is provided for controlling the above method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Mircona AB
    Inventors: Ragnhild Mihic, Peter Mihic
  • Publication number: 20140322122
    Abstract: Porous three-dimensional networks of polyimide and porous three-dimensional networks of carbon and methods of their manufacture are described. For example, polyimide aerogels are prepared by mixing a dianhydride and a diisocyanate in a solvent comprising a pyrrolidone and acetonitrile at room temperature to form a sol-gel material and supercritically drying the sol-gel material to form the polyimide aerogel. Porous three-dimensional polyimide networks, such as polyimide aerogels, may also exhibit a fibrous morphology. Having a porous three-dimensional polyimide network undergo an additional step of pyrolysis may result in the three dimensional network being converted to a purely carbon skeleton, yielding a porous three-dimensional carbon network. The carbon network, having been derived from a fibrous polyimide network, may also exhibit a fibrous morphology.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2014
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: Aerogel Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Nicholas Leventis, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar
  • Publication number: 20140219906
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a graphene-nanoparticle composite having a structure in which nanoparticles are crystallized in a carbon-based material, for example, graphene, at a high density, and, more particularly, to a graphene-nanoparticle composite capable of remarkably improving physical properties such as contact characteristics between basal planes of graphene and conductivity, wherein nanoparticles are included as a large amount of 30% by weight or more, based on 100% by weight of graphene, and crystallized nanoparticles have an average particle diameter of 200 nm or more, and a method of preparing the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2013
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: CHEORWON PLASMA RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Steven KIM, Byung-Koo Son, Myoung-Sun Shin, Sung-Hun Ryu, Sun-Yong Choi, Kyu-Hang Lee
  • Patent number: 8784520
    Abstract: Methods of treating a plurality of particles involve functionalizing a plurality of microscale diamond particles by covalently bonding one or more molecular groups selected from OH functional groups, —COOH functional groups, —R—COOH functional groups, wherein R includes alkyls, -Ph-COOH functional groups, wherein Ph includes phenolics, polymers, oligomers, monomers, glycols, sugars, ionic functional groups, metallic functional groups, and organo-metallic functional groups to outer surfaces of at least some particles of the plurality of microscale diamond particles. A stability of the functionalized plurality of microscale diamond particles in dispersion is increased as compared to a plurality of microscale diamond particles that has not been functionalized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Soma Chakraborty, Gaurav Agrawal
  • Publication number: 20140162130
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to compositions comprising free standing and stacked assemblies of two dimensional crystalline solids, and methods of making the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 3, 2013
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Applicant: DREXEL UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: MICHEL W. BARSOUM, YURY GOGOTSI, MICHAEL NAGUIB ABDELMALAK, OLHA MASHTALIR
  • Patent number: 8734752
    Abstract: A method of synthesis of a fulleride of metal nano-cluster is provided. The method is characterized in mechanically alloying metal nano-clusters with fullerene-type clusters. Fullerene molecules in the fulleride of metal nano-cluster are preserved. The alloying is done by milling in a planetary mill. A material including a fulleride of a metal nano-cluster is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Vladimir Davidovich Blank, Gennadii Ivanovich Pivovarov, Mikhail Yurievich Popov
  • Publication number: 20140138587
    Abstract: In some embodiments, the present disclosure pertains to methods of forming cross-linked carbon materials by: (a) associating a sulfur source with carbon materials, where the sulfur source comprises sulfur atoms; and (b) initiating a chemical reaction, where the chemical reaction leads to the formation of covalent linkages between the carbon materials. In some embodiments, the covalent linkages between the carbon materials comprise covalent bonds between sulfur atoms of the sulfur source and carbon atoms of the carbon materials. In some embodiments, the chemical reactions occur in the absence of solvents while carbon materials are immobilized in solid state. In some embodiments, the carbon materials include carbon nanotube fibers. In some embodiments, the methods of the present disclosure also include a step of doping carbon materials with a dopant, such as iodine. Further embodiments of the present disclosure pertain to cross-linked carbon materials formed in accordance with the above methods.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2013
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: William Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: Matteo Pasquali, Bryan Thomas Whiting
  • Publication number: 20140142007
    Abstract: Provided is a carbon layer derived from carbide ceramics, wherein metal or non-metal atoms are extracted selectively from the surface of carbide ceramics to form voids, which, in turn, are filled with carbon synthesized by a carbon compound, thereby providing improved roughness and hardness, as well as to a method for preparing the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2013
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: KOREA UNIVERSITY RESEARCH AND BUSINESS FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Dae Soon Lim, Min-gun Jeong, Seo-hyun Yoon
  • Patent number: 8715532
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a reduced graphene oxide doped with a dopant, and a thin layer, a transparent electrode, a display device and a solar cell including the reduced graphene oxide. The reduced graphene oxide doped with a dopant includes an organic dopant and/or an inorganic dopant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hyeon-jin Shin, Jae-young Choi, Seon-mi Yoon
  • Publication number: 20140103330
    Abstract: A gas sensor operable at ambient conditions, the sensor includes functionalized feather-like tellurium (Te) nanostructures on single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNTs) networks.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2013
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicant: THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
    Inventors: Nosang V. MYUNG, Miluo Zhang
  • Patent number: 8690987
    Abstract: Carbon iron composite is produced by feeding a formed product of a carbon-containing substance and an iron-containing substance into a carbonization furnace, carbonizing the formed product in a carbonization zone, blowing a coolant gas into the furnace through a coolant-gas-blowing tuyere disposed in a cooling zone to cool carbon iron composite, exhausting a furnace gas through an outlet in a top portion, and discharging the carbon iron composite through a lower portion of the cooling zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Takeshi Sato, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Hidekazu Fujimoto, Takashi Anyashiki
  • Patent number: 8658484
    Abstract: Semiconductor carbon nanotubes functionalized by hydrogen and a method for fabricating the same, wherein the functional hydrogenated semiconductor carbon nanotubes have chemical bonds between carbon and hydrogen atoms. The semiconductor carbon nanotube fabricating method includes heating carbon nanotubes in a vacuum, dissociating hydrogen molecules in hydrogen gas into hydrogen atoms, and exposing the carbon nanotubes to the hydrogen gas to form chemical bonds between carbon atoms of the carbon nanotubes and the hydrogen atoms. The conversion of metallic carbon nanotubes into semiconductor nanotubes and of semiconductor nanotubes having a relatively narrow energy bandgap into semiconductor nanotubes having a relative wide energy bandgap can be achieved using the method. The functional hydrogenated semiconductor carbon nanotubes may be applied and used in, for example, electronic devices, optoelectronic devices, and energy storage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Won-bong Choi, Young-hee Lee
  • Publication number: 20140030181
    Abstract: Nanocomposite materials comprising a metal oxide bonded to at least one graphene material. The nanocomposite materials exhibit a specific capacity of at least twice that of the metal oxide material without the graphene at a charge/discharge rate greater than about 10 C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2013
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Applicants: The Trustees of Princeton University, Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Jun Liu, Ilhan A. Aksay, Daiwon Choi, Donghai Wang, Zhenguo Yang
  • Patent number: 8623510
    Abstract: Provided are a graphite material, which has excellent bonding characteristics to semiconductor and efficiently dissipates heat generated from the semiconductor, and a method for manufacturing such material. The graphite material is provided by adding at least two kinds of elements selected from among silicon, zirconium, calcium, titanium, chromium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, calcium, yttrium, niobium, molybdenum, technetium, ruthenium and compounds containing such elements, and by performing heat treatment. The graphite material is characterized in having a thickness of the 112 face of the graphite crystal of 15 nm or more by X-ray diffraction, and an average heat conductivity of 250 W/(m·K) or more in the three directions of the X, Y and Z axes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: Toyo Tanso Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Akiyoshi Takeda, Masayuki Ito
  • Patent number: 8608867
    Abstract: A method for the individualization of a metallic material by means of a carbon-containing basic material of organic origin is proposed. The novel method makes it possible to produce individualized ornamental alloys and individualized symbolic articles, such as pieces of jewelry, in a first step a carbon-containing organic basic material, which originates from at least one specific clearly identifiable person or a clearly identifiable group of persons, being converted into a carbonized initial material, and, in a second step, a physical and chemical incorporation of at least a fraction of the carbonized initial material into the metallic material taking place. The novel method and the novel ornamental alloys make it possible to produce symbolic articles with a direct material or substantive relation to a desired person by simple means, without creative freedom being restricted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Inventor: Markus Spühler
  • Publication number: 20130330557
    Abstract: A method of forming micrometric or millimetric sized granules by the agglomeration of nanometric sized particles, comprising the addition of a set of nanometric sized particles into a container having an inside wall surface with a circular or approximately circular section and setting the set of particles in motion along said inside wall surface by rotating the container about a rotation axis passing through said container. The setting in motion of the particles is done in a dry state and the container is rotated continuously at constant speed for several consecutive hours.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 9, 2011
    Publication date: December 12, 2013
    Applicant: COMMISSARIAT A L'ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVE
    Inventor: Hicham Maskrot
  • Patent number: 8597602
    Abstract: A system and method scrub a vapor. In one embodiment, a vacuum truck scrubber system includes a liquid vat. The liquid vat comprises liquid. The system also includes a first carbon canister. The liquid vat is connected to the first carbon canister. The first carbon canister contains carbon. In addition, the system includes a second carbon canister. The first carbon canister is connected to the second carbon canister. The second carbon canister contains carbon. In addition, the system includes a third carbon canister. Moreover, the system includes that a vapor comprising contaminants is fed to the liquid vat and is introduced from the liquid vat to the first carbon canister wherein a portion of the contaminants are removed from the vapor. The vapor is introduced from the first carbon canister to the second carbon canister wherein another portion of the contaminants are removed from the vapor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Global Vapor Control, Inc.
    Inventors: Alan Finley, Lisha Salathiel, Daryl Archuleta
  • Patent number: 8501126
    Abstract: An method and apparatus is disclosed that causes a chemical reaction to reduce emissions. The method includes a mandrel that is plated, bonded, or by other means affixed with a catalyst. The mandrel moves to control a rate of catalyst available to react via a controlled change in contact surface area per unit volume flow to remove or reduce effluent matter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Proxxent Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Nathan Hastings, Stephan E Hastings, Frank T. Klisura
  • Publication number: 20130164625
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to a method of synthesizing a sulfur-carbon composite comprising forming an aqueous solution of a sulfur-based ion and carbon source, adding an acid to the aqueous solution such that the sulfur-based ion nucleates as sulfur upon the surface of the carbon source; and forming an electrically conductive network from the carbon source. The sulfur-carbon composite includes the electrically conductive network with nucleated sulfur. It also relates to a sulfur-carbon composite comprising a carbon-based material, configured such that the carbon-based material creates an electrically conductive network and a plurality of sulfur granules in electrical communication with the electrically conductive network, and configured such that the sulfur granules are reversibly reactive with alkali metal. It further relates to batteries comprising a cathode comprising such a carbon-based material along with an anode and an electrolyte.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2011
    Publication date: June 27, 2013
    Inventors: Arumugam Manthiram, Yu-Sheng Su
  • Publication number: 20130084231
    Abstract: A zinc-carbon compound that is a reaction product of zinc and carbon, wherein the zinc and the carbon form a single phase material that is meltable. The compound is one in which the carbon does not phase separate from the zinc when the single phase material is heated to a melting temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2012
    Publication date: April 4, 2013
    Inventors: Jason V. Shugart, Roger C. Scherer
  • Publication number: 20130084229
    Abstract: A tin-carbon compound that is a reaction product of tin and carbon, wherein the tin and the carbon form a single phase material that is meltable. The compound is one in which the carbon does not phase separate from the tin when the single phase material is heated to a melting temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2012
    Publication date: April 4, 2013
    Inventors: Jason V. Shugart, Roger C. Scherer
  • Publication number: 20130084232
    Abstract: A gold-carbon compound that is a reaction product of gold and carbon, wherein the gold and the carbon form a single phase material that is meltable. The compound is one in which the carbon does not phase separate from the gold when the single phase material is heated to a melting temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2012
    Publication date: April 4, 2013
    Inventors: Jason V. Shugart, Roger C. Scherer
  • Publication number: 20130084230
    Abstract: A lead-carbon compound that is a reaction product of lead and carbon, wherein the lead and the carbon form a single phase material that is meltable. The compound is one in which the carbon does not phase separate from the lead when the single phase material is heated to a melting temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2012
    Publication date: April 4, 2013
    Inventors: Jason V. Shugart, Roger C. Scherer
  • Patent number: 8388921
    Abstract: A mass of solid aluminum carbide containing product is produced by a process in which a mixture is formed of an aluminum containing material and a carbonaceous material consisting of, containing or yielding carbon. Then the resulting mixture is heated to a temperature sufficient to react carbon of the carbonaceous material with the aluminum of the aluminum containing material to produce solid aluminum carbide. The solid aluminum carbide then is able to be heated with an aluminum compound selected from Al2O3, Al4CO4, AlO, Al2O and mixtures thereof, to produce aluminum metal and carbon monoxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignee: Thermical IP Pty Ltd.
    Inventor: Yaghoub Sayad-Yaghoubi
  • Publication number: 20130048906
    Abstract: An iron-carbon composition including iron chemically bonded to carbon, wherein the iron and the carbon form a single phase material, characterized in that the carbon does not phase separate from the iron when the single phase material is heated to a temperature that melts the iron-carbon composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2012
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Applicant: THIRD MILLENNIUM METALS, LLC
    Inventors: Jason V. Shugart, Roger C. Scherer
  • Publication number: 20130000209
    Abstract: Methods of treating a plurality of particles comprise functionalizing a plurality of microscale diamond particles by covalently bonding one or more molecular groups selected from the group consisting of —OH functional groups, —COOH functional groups, —R—COOH functional groups, wherein R comprises alkyls, —Ph—COOH functional groups, wherein Ph comprises phenolics, polymers, oligomers, monomers, glycols, sugars, ionic functional groups, metallic functional groups, and organo-metallic functional groups to outer surfaces of at least some particles of the plurality of microscale diamond particles. A stability of the functionalized plurality of microscale diamond particles in dispersion is increased as compared to a plurality of microscale diamond particles that has not been functionalized.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 30, 2011
    Publication date: January 3, 2013
    Applicant: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Soma Chakraborty, Gaurav Agrawal
  • Patent number: 8343449
    Abstract: The disclosure provides a device and method used to produce a tubular structure made of a refractory metal compound. In particular, the disclosure provides a device and method used to produce a tubular structure made of a refractory metal compound by reacting a green tubular structure made of a refractory metal with at least one reactive gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignee: Nitride Solutions, Inc.
    Inventor: Jason Schmitt
  • Patent number: 8337799
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing nanoparticles of at least one oxide of a transition metal selected from Ti, Zr, Hf, V, Nb and Ta, which are coated with amorphous carbon, wherein said method includes the following successive steps: (i) a liquid mixture containing as precursors at least one alkoxyde of the transition metal, an alcohol, and an acetic acid relative to the transition metal is prepared and diluted in water in order to form an aqueous solution, the precursors being present in the solution according to a molar ratio such that it prevents or sufficiently limits the formation of a sol so that the aqueous solution can be freeze-dried, and such that the transition metal, the carbon and the oxygen are present in a stoichiometric ratio according to which they are included in the nanoparticles; (ii) the aqueous solution is freeze-dried; (ii) the freeze-dried product obtained during the preceding step is submitted to pyrolysis under vacuum or in an inert atmosphere in order to obtain the nano
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignees: Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique-CEA, Ecole Centrale de Paris-ECP, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
    Inventors: Christine Bogicevic, Fabienne Karolak, Gianguido Baldinozzi, Mickael Dollé, Dominique Gosset, David Simeone
  • Publication number: 20120295783
    Abstract: Methods of converting shaped templates into shaped metal-containing components, allowing for the production of freestanding, porous metal-containing replicas whose shapes and microstructures are derived from a shaped template, and partially or fully converting the shaped templates to produce metal-containing coatings on an underlying shaped template are described herein. Such coatings and replicas can be applied in a variety of fields including, but not limited to, catalysis, energy storage and conversion, and various structural or refractory materials and structural or refractory composite materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 1, 2011
    Publication date: November 22, 2012
    Applicant: Georgia Tech Research Corporation
    Inventors: David W. Lipke, Kenneth H. Sandhage