Chromium (e.g., Chromate, Etc.) Patents (Class 423/595)
  • Publication number: 20150079298
    Abstract: Coating a metallic surface with at least one of a pretreatment composition prior to organic coating, with a passivation composition without intent for subsequent organic coating, with a pretreatment primer composition, with a primer composition, with a paint composition and with an electrocoating composition, wherein the coating composition includes particles on a base of at least one layered double hydroxide (LDH) phase characterized by the general formula [M2+(1±0.5)?x(M3+,M4+)x(OH)2±0.75]An?x/n.mH2O.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 17, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Mario Ferreira, Mikhail Zheludkevich, Joáo Tedim, Valérie Gandubert, Thomas Schmidt-Hansberg, Theo Hack, Sonja Nixon, Dominik Raps, Diana Becker, Sven Schröder
  • Patent number: 8940270
    Abstract: To provide a sulfur trioxide decomposition catalyst, particularly, a sulfur trioxide decomposition catalyst capable of lowering the temperature required when producing hydrogen by an S—I cycle process. A sulfur trioxide decomposition catalyst comprising a composite oxide of vanadium and at least one metal selected from the group consisting of transition metal and rare earth elements is provided. Also, a sulfur dioxide production process comprising decomposing sulfur trioxide into sulfur dioxide and oxygen by using the sulfur trioxide decomposition catalyst above, is provided. Furthermore, a hydrogen production process, wherein the reaction of decomposing sulfur trioxide into sulfur dioxide and oxygen by an S—I cycle process is performed by the above-described sulfur dioxide production process, is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignees: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha, National University Corporation Kumamoto University
    Inventors: Shinichi Takeshima, Masato Machida
  • Patent number: 8900537
    Abstract: A template-free reverse micelle (RM) based method is used to synthesize pyrochlore nanostructures having photocatalytic activity. In one embodiment, the method includes separately mixing together a first acid stabilized aqueous solution including pyrochlore precursor A and a second acid stabilized aqueous solution including pyrochlore precursor B with an organic solution including a surfactant to form an oil-in-water emulsion. Next, equimolar solutions of the first and second acid stabilized oil-in-water emulsions are mixed together. Then, the mixture of the first and second acid stabilized oil-in-water emulsion is treated with a base to produce a precipitate including pyrochlore precursors A and B. After which, the precipitate is dried to remove volatiles. The precipitate is then calcined in the presence of oxygen to form a pyrochlore nanostructure, such as a bismuth titanate (Bi2Ti2O7) pyrochlore nanorod. The method of synthesizing the pyrochlore nanorod is template-free.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Board of Regents of the Nevada System of Higher Education, on behalf of the University of Nevada, Reno
    Inventors: Vaidyanathan Subramanian, Sankaran Murugesan
  • Publication number: 20140303412
    Abstract: This invention provides a process for producing a fluoroolefin comprising reacting, in a vapor phase, a fluorinating agent and a chlorine-containing alkene or a chlorine-containing alkane in the presence of at least one catalyst selected from the group consisting of chromium oxide containing a Group 5 element and fluorinated chromium oxide containing a Group 5 element. According to the process of the present invention, the target fluoroolefin can be obtained with high starting material conversion and good selectivity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 24, 2013
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Inventors: Daisuke Karube, Takehiro Chaki, Masami Nishiumi, Takashi Shibanuma, Masashi Arai
  • Patent number: 8753999
    Abstract: A catalyst for selective oxidation of hydrocarbons relative to carbon monoxide includes a mixed oxide based on the compound Ce0.1-0.5Ti0.2-0.8Cr0.1-0.5Ox, wherein x is (the total of the valences of the metals)/2. Preferably, the mixed oxide is fixed as a coating on a molded body or less than 0.5 wt. % precious metal is doped to the mixed oxide. Oxidizable exhaust-gas components are oxidized for exhaust-gas purification by a mixed oxide based on the compound Ce0.1-0.5Ti0.2-0.8Cr0.1-0.5Ox as the catalyst. Preferably, hydrocarbons are preferentially oxidized relative to carbon monoxides or nitrogen oxides. For producing an oxidation catalyst for internal combustion engines, a mixed oxide made of cerium oxide, titanium oxide, chromium oxide, and optionally other metal oxides is fixed to a metallic or oxide or carbide, high temperature-stable molded body or an oxide ceramic, wherein the oxide ceramic is fixed to a molded body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Heraeus Precious Metals GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Uwe Endruschat, Ansgar Wille, Prasanna Rajagopalan
  • Publication number: 20130336871
    Abstract: A cosmetic material that exhibits sufficient shielding effects against UV-A and UV-B, does not color a resultant cosmetic product even when blended in cosmetic materials, and will not result in a non-powdery finish when applied to the skin, and a method for producing such a cosmetic material are provided. It is a cosmetic material with at least part of InTaO4 substituted with at least one element of Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Cu, Ga, Ge, As, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag, Cd, Sn, Sb, Hf, W, Re, Os, Ir, Pt, Au, and Hg.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 9, 2011
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Applicant: IHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Haruki Eguchi, Kenji Fuchigami
  • Publication number: 20130280159
    Abstract: To provide a sulfur trioxide decomposition catalyst, particularly, a sulfur trioxide decomposition catalyst capable of lowering the temperature required when producing hydrogen by an S—I cycle process. A sulfur trioxide decomposition catalyst comprising a composite oxide of vanadium and at least one metal selected from the group consisting of transition metal and rare earth elements is provided. Also, a sulfur dioxide production process comprising decomposing sulfur trioxide into sulfur dioxide and oxygen by using the sulfur trioxide decomposition catalyst above, is provided. Furthermore, a hydrogen production process, wherein the reaction of decomposing sulfur trioxide into sulfur dioxide and oxygen by an S—I cycle process is performed by the above-described sulfur dioxide production process, is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2011
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Applicant: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Shinichi Takeshima, Masato Machida
  • Publication number: 20130085305
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for the preparation of Cu—Cr oxides by hydrothermal synthesis method using hydrazine as a reducing agent and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide as a surfactant and these oxides are very active for selective oxidation of benzene, toluene and ethylbenzene to produce phenol, benzaldehyde and acetophenone, respectively.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2012
    Publication date: April 4, 2013
    Applicant: Council of Scientific & Industrial Research
    Inventor: Council of Scientific & Industrial Research
  • Patent number: 8409543
    Abstract: A pyrochlore-type oxide represented by a general formula A2B2O7-Z is prepared by precipitate formation, where A and B each represent a metal element, where Z represents a number of at least 0 and at most 1, where A contains at least one element selected from a group consisting of Pb, Sn, and Zn, and where B contains at least one element selected from a group consisting of Ru, W, Mo, Ir, Rh, Mn, Cr, and Re. Impurities are then sufficiently removed through washing and drying processes, and the pyrochlore-type oxide is calcined under controlled conditions. This allows the crystallinity of the pyrochlore-type oxide, which contained amorphous parts immediately after the production of the precipitate, to be increased so that the resistance to acid can be improved while preventing particle aggregation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
    Inventors: Yasushi Sato, Keitaro Fujii
  • Patent number: 8329129
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for preparing a pyrochlore type oxide having a larger specific surface area, a polymer electrolyte fuel cell and a fuel cell system improved in power generation efficiency and capable of being produced more inexpensively, and a method for producing an electro catalyst for a fuel cell, which electro catalyst has a larger specific surface area, is relatively inexpensive, and has high electrode activity per unit mass. A method for preparing a pyrochlore type oxide represented by A2B2O7-Z wherein A and B represent a metal element, Z represents a number of 0 or more and 1 or less, A includes at least one selected from the group consisting of Pb, Sn, and Zn, and B includes at least one selected from the group consisting of Ru, W, Mo, Ir, Rh, Mn, Cr, and Re, wherein the pyrochlore type oxide is produced by a reaction of a halide or nitrate of A with an alkali salt of a metal acid of B.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
    Inventors: Yasushi Sato, Tamaki Mizuno, Yuri Seki
  • Patent number: 8242047
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an oxide catalyst and a phosphoric oxide catalyst for hydrocarbon steam cracking, method for preparing the same and a method for preparing olefin by using the same. More precisely, the present invention relates to an oxide catalyst for hydrocarbon steam cracking represented by formula 1 and a phosphoric oxide catalyst for hydrocarbon steam cracking represented by formula 3 which would be used for the production of olefin such as ethylene and propylene by hydrocarbon steam cracking, and a method for preparing the same. The present invention provides an oxide catalyst and a phosphoric oxide catalyst for hydrocarbon steam cracking that has excellent thermo-stability at high temperature and improved olefin yield. CrZrjAkOx??[Formula 1] CrZrjAkPlOx??[Formula 3] Wherein, j, k, l and x are as indicated in the description.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jun-seon Choi, Jun-Han Kang, Jong-hun Song, Byoung-gi Park, Chang-hoon Kang, Si-hyun Noh
  • Patent number: 8236277
    Abstract: A process comprises (a) combining (1) at least one base and (2) at least one metal carboxylate salt comprising (i) a metal cation selected from metal cations that form amphoteric metal oxides or oxyhydroxides and (ii) a carboxylate anion comprising from one to four alkyleneoxy moieties, or metal carboxylate salt precursors comprising (i) at least one metal salt comprising the metal cation and a non-interfering anion and (ii) at least one carboxylic acid comprising from one to four alkyleneoxy moieties, at least one salt of the carboxylic acid and a non-interfering, non-metal cation, or a mixture thereof; and (b) allowing the base and the metal carboxylate salt or metal carboxylate salt precursors to react.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventor: Timothy D. Dunbar
  • Patent number: 8088349
    Abstract: Disclosed is a clean method for preparing layered double hydroxides (LDHs), in which hydroxides of different metals are used as starting materials for production of LDHs by atom-economical reactions. The atom efficiency of the reaction is 100% in each case because all the atoms of the reactants are converted into the target product since only M2+(OH)2, M3+(OH)3, and CO2 or HnAn? are used, without any NaOH or other materials. Since there is no by-product, filtration or washing process is unnecessary. The consequent reduction in water consumption is also beneficial to the environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Assignee: Beijing University of Chemical Technology
    Inventors: Xue Duan, Dianqing Li, Zhi Lv, Yanjun Lin, Xiangyu Xu
  • Publication number: 20110311805
    Abstract: The invention relates to a cutting tool having a substrate base body and a single or multi-layered coating attached thereupon, wherein at least one layer of the coating is a metal oxide layer produced in the PVD process or in the CVD process and the metal oxide layer has a grain structure wherein there is structural disorder within a plurality of the existing grains that are characterized in that in electron diffraction images of the grains, point-shaped reflections occur up to a maximum lattice spacing dGRENZ and for lattice spacing greater than dGRENZ no point-shaped reflections occur, but rather a diffuse intensity distribution typical for amorphous structures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 18, 2010
    Publication date: December 22, 2011
    Applicant: WALTER AG
    Inventors: Veit Schier, Oliver Eibl, Wolfgang Engelhart
  • Patent number: 8066969
    Abstract: This invention relates, in general, to a method of producing magnetic oxide nanoparticles or metal oxide nanoparticles and, more particularly, to a method of producing magnetic or metal oxide nanoparticles, which comprises (1) adding a magnetic or metal precursor to a surfactant or a solvent containing the surfactant to produce a mixed solution, (2) heating the mixed solution to 50-6001 C to decompose the magnetic or metal precursor by heating so as to form the magnetic or metal oxide nanoparticles, and (3) separating the magnetic or metal oxide nanoparticles. Since the method is achieved through a simple process without using an oxidizing agent or a reducing agent, it is possible to simply mass-produce uniform magnetic or metal oxide nanoparticles having desired sizes compared to the conventional method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2011
    Assignee: Industry-Academic Cooperation Foundation, Yonsei University
    Inventors: Jin-Woo Cheon, Jung-Wook Seo, Jae-Hyun Lee
  • Patent number: 8048398
    Abstract: Process for preparing a mixed metal oxide powder, in which oxidizable starting materials are evaporated and oxidized, the reaction mixture is cooled after the reaction and the pulverulent solids are removed from gaseous substances, wherein as starting materials, at least one pulverulent metal and at least one metal compound, the metal and the metal component of the metal compound being different and the proportion of metal being at least 80% by weight based on the sum of metal and metal component from metal compound, together with one or more combustion gases, are fed to an evaporation zone of a reactor, where metal and metal compound are evaporated completely under nonoxidizing conditions, subsequently, the mixture flowing out of the evaporation zone is reacted in the oxidation zone of this reactor with a stream of a supplied oxygen-containing gas whose oxygen content is at least sufficient to oxidize the starting materials and combustion gases completely.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Stipan Katusic, Guido Zimmermann, Michael Kraemer, Peter Kress, Horst Miess
  • Patent number: 8012449
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a complex metal oxide powder, the method including: preparing a raw material composition for forming a complex metal oxide; mixing an oxidizing solution including an oxidizing substance into the raw material composition to produce complex metal oxide particles to obtain a liquid dispersion of the particles; and separating the particles from the liquid dispersion to obtain a complex metal oxide powder. The complex metal oxide is shown by a general formula AB1?xCxO3, an element A including at least Pb, an element B including at least one of Zr, Ti, V, W, and Hf, and an element C including at least one of Nb and Ta.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Takeshi Kijima, Hidemichi Furihata, Setsuya Iwashita, Satoshi Kimura, Toshihiko Kaneda
  • Publication number: 20110160485
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing a nanocrystalline mixed oxide material containing copper and chromium as well as the mixed oxide material containing copper and chromium produced by the method according to the invention and its use as catalyst, in particular for dehydrogenating alcohols, for hydrogenation reactions, for reducing nitrocompounds, for hydrogenating carboxylic acids and for hydrogenating free fatty acids to fatty alcohols.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2009
    Publication date: June 30, 2011
    Inventors: Hans-Jörg Wölk, Alfred Hagemeyer, Frank Grossmann
  • Patent number: 7964175
    Abstract: A procedure for obtaining mixed multimetallic oxides derived from hydrotalcite type compounds, characterized in that the laminar metallic hydroxides obtained are constituted by three or four metallic cations, forming part of the sheets of the hydrotalcite type material represented by the formula: [M(II)1?x?y?zM(II)?xM(III)yM(III)?z(OH)2](An?y+z/n).mH2O. by a process comprising: (1) preparing an aqueous or organic solution containing three or more cations; (2) preparing an alkaline solution; (3) slowly combining solutions (1) and (2) to cause the co-precipitation of the cations in the form of hydroxides; (4) washing the precipitate containing the hydrotalcites with water, until removal of the non-precipitated ions; (5) drying; and (6) calcining the hydrotalcites.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Assignee: Instituto Mexico del Petroleo
    Inventors: Jaime Sánchez Valente, Esteban López Salinas, Manuel Sánchez Cantú, Francisco Hernández Beltrán
  • Publication number: 20110091371
    Abstract: Soluble homo and heterometallic coordination polymers based on the oxalate ligand and method for obtaining spinels from them. Homo or heterometallic coordination polymers comprising at least one oxalate ligand are characterised by comprising also at least one organic molecule that can stabilise extended structures of metal complexes by the formation of supramolecular interactions so that this polymer is substantially water-soluble and insoluble in organic solvents.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2009
    Publication date: April 21, 2011
    Applicant: Universitat De Valencia, Estudi General
    Inventors: Eugenio Coronado Miralles, Carlos Marti Gastaldo, Jose Ramon Galan Mascaros
  • Patent number: 7897136
    Abstract: A method is described for the manufacture of hydrotalcites by using at least one compound of a bivalent metal (Component A) and at least one compound of a trivalent metal (Component B), wherein at least one of these components is not used in the form of a solution, characterized in that a) at least one of the Components A and/or B which is not used in the form of a solution, shortly before or during mixing of the components, and/or b) the mixture containing the Components A and B is subjected to intensive grinding until an average particle size (D50) in the range of approx. 0.1 to 5 ?m is obtained, and optionally, after aging treatment or hydrothermal treatment, the resulting hydrotalcite product is separated, dried, and optionally calcinated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2011
    Assignee: Sud-Chemie AG
    Inventors: Max Eisgruber, Jürgen Ladebeck, Jürgen Koy, Hubert Schiessling, Wolfgang Buckl, Herrmann Ebert
  • Patent number: 7897128
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for making a complex metal oxide comprising the formula AxByOz. The process comprises the steps of: (a) reacting in solution at a temperature of between about 75° C. to about 100° C. at least one water-soluble salt of A, at least one water-soluble salt of B and a stoichiometric amount of a carbonate salt or a bicarbonate salt required to form a mole of a carbonate precipitate represented by the formula AxBy(CO3)n, wherein the reacting is conducted in a substantial absence of carbon dioxide to form the carbonate precipitate and wherein the molar amount of carbonate salt or bicarbonate salt is at least three times the stoichiometric amount of carbonate or bicarbonate salt required to form a mole of the carbonate precipitate; and (b) reacting the carbonate precipitate with an oxygen containing fluid under conditions to form the complex metal oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2011
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert Quinn, Diwakar Garg, Frederick Carl Wilhelm, Terry Lee Slager
  • Patent number: 7867472
    Abstract: An insulating target material for obtaining a conductive complex oxide film represented by a general formula ABO3. The insulating target material includes: an oxide of an element A; an oxide of an element B; an oxide of an element X; and at least one of an Si compound and a Ge compound, the element A being at least one element selected from La, Ca, Sr, Mn, Ba, and Re, the element B being at least one element selected from Ti, V, Sr, Cr, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Ru, Ir, Pb, and Nd, and the element X being at least one element selected from Nb, Ta, and V.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2011
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Koji Ohashi, Takeshi Kijima, Setsuya Iwashita
  • Publication number: 20110002831
    Abstract: A sol-gel process for preparing a mixture of metal-oxide-metal compounds wherein at least one metal oxide precursor is subjected to a hydrolysis treatment to obtain one or more corresponding metal oxide hydroxides, the metal oxide hydroxides so obtained are subjected to a condensation treatment to form the metal-oxide-metal compounds, which process is carried out in the presence of an encapsulated catalyst, whereby the catalytically active species is released from the encapsulating unit by exposure to an external stimulus, and wherein the catalytically active species released after exposure to such external stimulus is capable of catalyzing the condensation of the metal-hydroxide groups that are present in the metal oxide hydroxides so obtained.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2008
    Publication date: January 6, 2011
    Inventors: Nanning Joerg Arfsten, Pascal Jozef Paul Buskens, Jens Christoph Thies
  • Publication number: 20100266485
    Abstract: A process comprises (a) combining (1) at least one base and (2) at least one metal carboxylate salt comprising (i) a metal cation selected from metal cations that form amphoteric metal oxides or oxyhydroxides and (ii) a lactate or thiolactate anion, or metal carboxylate salt precursors comprising (i) at least one metal salt comprising the metal cation and a non-interfering anion and (ii) lactic or thiolactic acid, a lactate or thiolactate salt of a non-interfering, non-metal cation, or a mixture thereof; and (b) allowing the base and the metal carboxylate salt or metal carboxylate salt precursors to react.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 16, 2008
    Publication date: October 21, 2010
    Inventor: Timothy D. Dunbar
  • Publication number: 20100254875
    Abstract: A material comprising a plurality of nanoparticles. Each of the plurality of nanoparticles includes at least one of a metal phosphate, a metal silicate, a metal oxide, a metal borate, a metal aluminate, and combinations thereof. The plurality of nanoparticles is substantially monodisperse. Also disclosed is a method of making a plurality of substantially monodisperse nanoparticles. The method includes providing a slurry of at least one metal precursor, maintaining the pH of the slurry at a predetermined value, mechanically milling the slurry, drying the slurry to form a powder; and calcining the powder at a predetermined temperature to form the plurality of nanoparticles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2006
    Publication date: October 7, 2010
    Inventors: Kalaga Murali Krishna, Sergio Paulo Martins Loureiro, Mohan Manoharan, Geetha Karavoor, Shweta Saraswat
  • Patent number: 7803348
    Abstract: Oxygen is reduced in the presence of a catalyst at the cathode of an alkaline-electrolyte fuel cell. Catalysts of the formula Sr3?xA1+xCo4?yByO10.5?z wherein ?0.6?x?1.0; 0?y?3; and ?1.5?z?0.5; wherein A represents Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, or Y; and wherein B represents Fe, Ga, Cu, Ni, Mn, and Cr, demonstrate high catalytic activity and high chemical stability when used as the oxygen-reduction catalyst in alkaline fuel cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2010
    Assignee: Horizon Fuel Cells, LLC
    Inventors: Evgeny V. Antipov, Galina A. Tsirlina, Sergey Y. Istomin, Oleg A. Drozhzhin, Eduard E. Levin
  • Publication number: 20100152503
    Abstract: A crystalline alpha-chromium oxide where from about 0.05 atom % to about 5 atom % of the chromium atoms in the alpha-chromium oxide lattice are replaced by divalent copper (Cu+2) atoms is disclosed. Also disclosed is a chromium-containing catalyst composition comprising as a chromium-containing component the crystalline copper-substituted alpha-chromium oxide; and methods for preparing a composition comprising the crystalline copper-substituted alpha-chromium oxide. One method involves (a) co-precipitating a solid by adding ammonium hydroxide to an aqueous solution of a soluble copper salt and a soluble trivalent chromium salt that contains at least three moles of nitrate per mole of chromium in the solution and has a copper concentration of from about 0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 4, 2006
    Publication date: June 17, 2010
    Inventors: Velliyur Nott Mallikarjuna Rao, H. David Rosenfeld, Allen Sievert, Shekhar Subramoney
  • Patent number: 7713504
    Abstract: A process to produce mixed metal oxides and metal oxide compounds. The process includes evaporating a feed solution that contains at least two metal salts to form an intermediate. The evaporation is conducted at a temperature above the boiling point of the feed solution but below the temperature where there is significant crystal growth or below the calcination temperature of the intermediate. The intermediate is calcined, optionally in the presence of an oxidizing agent, to form the desired oxides. The calcined material can be milled and dispersed to yield individual particles of controllable size and narrow size distribution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2010
    Assignee: Altair Nanomaterials, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce J. Sabacky, Timothy M. Spitler, Jan Prochazka
  • Publication number: 20100040531
    Abstract: A non-lead composition for use as a thick-film resistor paste in electronic applications. The composition comprises particles of Li2RuO3 of diameter between 0.5 and 5 microns and a lead-free frit. The particles have had the lithium at or near primarily the surface of the particle at least partially exchanged for atoms of other metals.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2009
    Publication date: February 18, 2010
    Applicant: E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: PAUL DOUGLAS VERNOOY, ALFRED T. WALKER, KENNETH WARREN HANG
  • Patent number: 7645907
    Abstract: This invention relates to a Polyoxometalate (POM) represented by the formula: (An)m+[HqM16X8W48O184(OH)32]m? or solvates thereof, wherein: A represents a cation, n is the number of the cations A, m is the charge of the polyoxoanion, q is the number of protons and varies from 0 to 12, M represents a transition metal, and X represents a heteroatom selected from P, As and mixtures thereof. This invention also relates to a process to produce such POMs and to a process for the homogeneous or heterogeneous oxidation of organic substrates comprising contacting the organic substrate with such POMs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2010
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Ulrich Kortz, Sib Sankar Mal
  • Patent number: 7632477
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for preparing zirconium oxide, in its various forms, including zirconium-based mixed oxides. There is described a process for preparing a zirconium oxide in the absence of a cerium salt which comprises precipitating a zirconium hydroxide from an aqueous solution of a zirconium salt by reaction with an alkali in the presence of a controlled amount of sulphate anions at a temperature not greater than 50° C. and then calcining the hydroxide to form an oxide, wherein the oxide thus formed is essentially sulphate free. Catalysts and ceramics can be produced from the product oxides having improved thermal stability and improved sinterability, respectively. A particular use of the product oxide is as a promoter or catalyst support in automobile exhaust systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2009
    Assignee: Magnesium Elektron, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuhide Takao, Colin Norman, Gavin Edwards, Ian Chisem, Clare Jones
  • Patent number: 7604789
    Abstract: The present invention provides a porous composite oxide comprising an aggregate of secondary particles in the form of aggregates of primary particles of a composite oxide containing two or more types of metal elements, and having mesopores having a pore diameter of 2-100 nm between the secondary particles; wherein, the percentage of the mesopores between the secondary particles having a diameter of 10 nm or more is 10% or more of the total mesopore volume after firing for 5 hours at 600° C. in an oxygen atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2009
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Shinichi Takeshima, Kohei Yoshida, Akio Koyama
  • Patent number: 7575735
    Abstract: The present invention includes pure single-crystalline metal oxide and metal fluoride nanostructures, and methods of making same. These nanostructures include nanorods and nanoarrays.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2009
    Assignee: The Research Foundation of State University of New York
    Inventors: Stanislaus S. Wong, Yuanbing Mao
  • Publication number: 20090081116
    Abstract: The unique method of synthesis of chromium vanadate is performed using chromium chloride and sodium metavanadate. Methanol is used as a solvent. Zinc and/or palladium can be used as a catalyst. After reacting, the filtrate will be evaporated and the obtained substance is Chromium vanadate. The precipitate is sodium chloride.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 21, 2007
    Publication date: March 26, 2009
    Inventor: Abdoulaye Dieng
  • Patent number: 7488464
    Abstract: Methods and systems for processing metal oxides from metal containing solutions. Metal containing solutions are mixed with heated aqueous oxidizing solutions and processed in a continuous process reactor or batch processing system. Combinations of temperature, pressure, molarity, Eh value, and pH value of the mixed solution are monitored and adjusted so as to maintain solution conditions within a desired stability area during processing. This results in metal oxides having high or increased pollutant loading capacities and/or oxidation states. These metal oxides may be processed according to the invention to produce co-precipitated oxides of two or more metals, metal oxides incorporating foreign cations, metal oxides precipitated on active and inactive substrates, or combinations of any or all of these forms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2009
    Assignee: EnviroScrub Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Charles F. Hammel, Richard M. Boren
  • Publication number: 20090023972
    Abstract: Catalytic structures are provided comprising octahedral tunnel lattice manganese oxides ion-exchanged with metal cations or mixtures thereof. The structures are useful as catalysts for the oxidation of alkanes and may be prepared by treating layered manganese oxide under highly acidic conditions, optionally drying the treated product, and subjecting it to ion exchange.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2008
    Publication date: January 22, 2009
    Inventors: Helge Jaensch, Wilfried J. Mortier
  • Publication number: 20080308773
    Abstract: The present invention includes an electrochemical redox active material. The electrochemical redox active material includes a cocrystalline metallic compound having a general formula AxMO4-yXOy.M?O, where A is at least one metallic element selected from a group consisting of alkali metals, M and M? may be identical or different and independently of one another at least one selected from a group consisting of transition metals and semimetals, X is P or As, 0.9?x?1.1, and 0<y<4.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 18, 2007
    Publication date: December 18, 2008
    Applicant: Advanced Lithium Electrochemistry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ben-Jie Liaw, Yu-Fang Chen, Wen-Ren Liu, Sheng-Shih Chang
  • Patent number: 7445763
    Abstract: A coating powder based on chemically modified titanium suboxides, for use in various coating techniques. Coatings produced from this powder are characterized by high electroconductivity, good solid lubricating properties and resistance to wear. For these reasons, there are numerous possibilities of use of components which were coated by suitable processes with this powder, especially as functional layers for fuel cells in electrochemical installations, in the new car industry, in mechanical engineering and in other economic activities. The coating powder based on titanium suboxides having a defined defect structure is characterized in that it is modified by at least one metallic alloying element and described by general formula: Tin-2Me2O2n-1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2008
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Angewandten Forschung E. V.
    Inventors: Lutz-Michael Berger, Sven Thiele, Manfred Nebelung
  • Patent number: 7381394
    Abstract: Methods of producing a safe and hygienic method for industrially and efficiently producing a perovskite-type composite oxide are provided that can maintain the catalytic activity of a noble metal at a high level. Methods include preparing a precursor of the perovskite-type composite oxide by mixing organometal salts of elementary components of the perovskite-type composite oxide and heat treating the precursor. The precursor may be prepared by mixing all elementary components constituting the perovskite-type composite oxide, or by mixing one or more organometal salts of part of the elementary components with the other elementary components prepared as alkoxides, a coprecipitate of salts, or a citrate complex of the respective elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2008
    Assignees: Daihatsu Motor Co., Ltd., Hokko Chemical Industry Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Hirohisa Tanaka, Kimiyoshi Kaneko
  • Publication number: 20080124265
    Abstract: An anode in a Direct Carbon Fuel Cell (DCFC) operating in a temperature range between 500 and 1200 degrees Celsius is provided. The anode material has high catalytic activity and selectivity for carbon oxidation, sufficient oxygen non-stoichiometry, rapid oxygen chemical diffusion, wide thermodynamic stability window to withstand reducing environment, sufficient electronic conductivity and tolerance to sulfur and CO2 environments. The anode has doped ruthenate compositions A1?xA?xRuO3, AB1?yRuyO3, or A1?xA?xB1?yRuyO3. A and A? may be divalent, trivalent, or tetravalent cation, and B is a multivalent cation. A is among lanthanide series elements La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Er or Yb, and dopant A? is from Group IIA, IIIB, or IVB elements. The doped ruthenates can also be a (AB1?yRuyO3) structure or an ordered Ruddlesden-Popper series ((A1?xAx?)n+1(B1?yRuy)nO3n+1) structure where n=1 or 2. The dopant B is among Group IVB, VB, VIB, VIII, IB, and IIB elements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2007
    Publication date: May 29, 2008
    Inventor: Turgut M. Gur
  • Patent number: 7357910
    Abstract: Method for producing metal oxide nanoparticles. The method includes generating an aerosol of solid metallic microparticles, generating plasma with a plasma hot zone at a temperature sufficiently high to vaporize the microparticles into metal vapor, and directing the aerosol into the hot zone of the plasma. The microparticles vaporize in the hot zone into metal vapor. The metal vapor is directed away from the hot zone and into the cooler plasma afterglow where it oxidizes, cools and condenses to form solid metal oxide nanoparticles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2008
    Assignee: Los Alamos National Security, LLC
    Inventors: Jonathan Phillips, Daniel Mendoza, Chun-Ku Chen
  • Patent number: 7255962
    Abstract: Improved solid acid electrolyte materials, methods of synthesizing such materials, and electrochemical devices incorporating such materials are provided. The stable electrolyte material comprises a solid acid in a eulytine structure capable of undergoing rotational disorder of oxyanion groups and capable of extended operation at elevated temperatures, that is, solid acids having hydrogen bonded anion groups; a superprotonic disordered phase; and capable of operating at temperatures of ˜100° C. and higher.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2007
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Calum Chisholm, Sossina M. Haile
  • Patent number: 7211235
    Abstract: A method is described for the manufacture of hydrotalcites by using at least one compound of a bivalent metal (Component A) and at least one compound of a trivalent metal (Component B), wherein at least one of these components is not used in the form of a solution, characterized in that a) at least one of the Components A and/or B which is not used in the form of a solution, shortly before or during mixing of the components, and/or b) the mixture containing the Components A and B is subjected to intensive grinding until an average particle size (D50) in the range of approx. 0.1 to 5 ?m is obtained, and optionally, after aging treatment or hydrothermal treatment, the resulting hydrotalcite product is separated, dried, and optionally calcinated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2007
    Assignee: Sud-Chemie AG
    Inventors: Max Eisgruber, Jürgen Ladebeck, Jürgen Koy, Hubert Schiessling, Wolfgang Buckl, Herrmann Ebert
  • Patent number: 7211234
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to lanthanide vanadate crystals having the formula LnVO4, wherein Ln is selected from La, Nd, Ce, Pr, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu, Y, and combinations of at least two thereof, made by a hydrothermal method for a wide variety of end-use applications. The present method requires reacting a source of Ln3+ ions and a source of VO43+ ions, wherein Ln is selected from the group consisting of La, Nd, Ce, Pr, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu, Y and combinations of at least two thereof, in an aqueous solution at a temperature of from about 350° C. to about 600° C. and at a pressure of from about 8 kpsi to about 40 kpsi, the aqueous solution comprising hydroxide ions at a concentration of from about 0.01 to about 5 molarity. Specifically, when made by the present hydrothermal method, single crystals of sufficient size for use in a variety of optical applications are readily formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2007
    Assignee: Clemson University
    Inventors: Joseph W Kolis, Steven J Syracuse
  • Patent number: 7211238
    Abstract: Mesoporous aluminum oxides with high surface areas have been synthesized using inexpensive, small organic templating agents instead of surfactants. Optionally, some of the aluminum can be framework-substituted by one or more other elements. The material has high thermal stability and possesses a three-dimensionally randomly connected mesopore network with continuously tunable pore sizes. This material can be used as catalysts for dehydration, hydrotreating, hydrogenation, catalytic reforming, steam reforming, amination, Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and Diels-Alder synthesis, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2007
    Assignee: ABB Lummus Global Inc.
    Inventors: Zhiping Shan, Jacobus Cornelius Jansen, Chuen Y. Yeh, Philip J. Angevine, Thomas Maschmeyer
  • Patent number: 7147834
    Abstract: A low-temperature hydrothermal reaction is provided to generate crystalline perovskite nanotubes such as barium titanate (BaTiO3) and strontium titanate (SrTiO3) that have an outer diameter from about 1 nm to about 500 nm and a length from about 10 nm to about 10 micron. The low-temperature hydrothermal reaction includes the use of a metal oxide nanotube structural template, i.e., precursor. These titanate nanotubes have been characterized by means of X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy, coupled with energy dispersive X-ray analysis and selected area electron diffraction (SAED).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2006
    Assignee: The Research Foundation of State University of New York
    Inventors: Stanislaus Wong, Yuanbing Mao
  • Patent number: 7141148
    Abstract: A material suitable for use as the active anode surface in the electrolytic reduction of alumina to aluminium metal defined by the formula: A1+xB1+?CdO4 where A is a divalent cation or a mixture of cations with a relative preference for octahedral coordination, B is a trivalent cation or mixture of cations with a relative preference for tetrahedral coordination, C is a trivalent cations with a relative preference for octahedral coordination or a four-valent cation with a relative preference for octahedral coordination, O is the element oxygen: When C is trivalent x=0, 0.8<d<1, ?<0.2 and x+d+d is essentially equal to 1. When C is four-valent 0.4<x<0.6, 0.4<d<0.6, ?<0.2 and x+d+? is essentially equal to 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2006
    Assignee: Norsk Hydro ASA
    Inventors: Stein Julsrud, Turid Risdal
  • Patent number: 7138102
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a highly-crystallized double oxide powder composed of a single crystal phase which can be used as a phosphor material, a dielectric material, a magnetic material, etc. The method involves forming fine droplets of a raw material solution containing a raw material compound that includes at least one metal element and/or at least one semi-metal element that constitutes a double oxide, and heating these droplets at a high temperature, wherein the raw material solution is a solution which exhibits only one main peak attributable to the decomposition reaction of the raw material compound or a reaction intermediate thereof in a DTA profile when the solution is dried and solidified and subjected to TG-DTA measurement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2006
    Assignee: Shoei Chemical Inc.
    Inventors: Yuji Akimoto, Kazuro Nagashima, Yoshikazu Nageno, Hidenori Ieda, Naoko Tanaka
  • Patent number: 7132093
    Abstract: The oxide materials are of the class of ternary mesoporous mixed oxide materials including lanthanum, a metal M selected from the group consisting of Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and Zn, and zirconium or cerium such a mesoporous La—Co—Zr mixed oxide material designated as Meso LCZ[x] where x is the atomic ratio (La+Co)/La+Co+Zr. They are useful as catalysts since they show high activities for hydrocarbon oxidation and good resistance against poisoning agents. These highly ordered mesoporous mixed oxides are synthesized by: preparing an amorphous solution of a La-M precursor and adding a salt of zirconium or cerium thereto; acidifying the amorphous solution in the presence of a surfactant under conditions to obtain a clear homogeneous solution; adjusting pH of the solution under conditions to form a solid precipitate; separating the solution and surfactant from the precipitate; and calcinating the precipitate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2006
    Assignee: Université Laval
    Inventors: Serge Kaliaguine, Trong On Do