Alkali Metal (li, Na, K, Rb, Or Cs) Patents (Class 423/641)
  • Patent number: 10547046
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a method includes forming a nickel oxide/hydroxide active film onto a substrate from a solution including a nickelous salt and an electrolyte, where the nickel oxide/hydroxide active film has a physical characteristic of maintaining greater than about 80% charge over greater than 500 charge/discharge cycles, and wherein the nickel oxide/hydroxide active film has a physical characteristic of storing electrons at greater than about 0.5 electron per nickel atom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2020
    Assignee: Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC
    Inventors: Matthew Merrill, Michael Stadermann
  • Patent number: 10113309
    Abstract: A vent barrier system may include an insert and a cover. The insert may be dimensioned to be inserted within a flood vent duct through a first opening such that side faces of the insert contact sidewalls of the duct and thereby provide an insulative seal between the first opening and a second opening of the duct when inserted therein. The may be configured to be attached to the insert and be dimensioned to be selectively securable to vent at the first opening. The cover may be manipulatable to selectively remove the insert from the duct.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: Smart Vent Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Winfield Scott Anderson, Jr., Tom Little, James Rycek, Michael J. Graham
  • Patent number: 9988279
    Abstract: A process (10) for the production of lithium hydroxide, the process comprising the steps of: (i) Causticising lithium chloride (12) with sodium hydroxide (16) to produce a lithium hydroxide product; (ii) Collecting the solids resulting from the causticisation of step (i) and filtering (22) same; (iii) The filtered solids from step (ii) are passed to a heating step (32) in which anhydrous lithium hydroxide is produced; (iv) Filtering (34) the anhydrous lithium hydroxide product of step (iii); and (v) Quenching the anhydrous lithium hydroxide of step (iv) with water to produce lithium hydroxide monohydrate crystals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignee: Reed Advanced Materials Pty Ltd
    Inventor: Yatendra Sharma
  • Patent number: 9705168
    Abstract: A mobile energy carrier with which energy in the form of materials from zones distributed widely throughout the world, for example with a large amount of solar energy, wind energy or other CO2-neutral energy, for example the equator, can be transported to zones where there is a high energy requirement, for example Europe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Assignee: SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventor: Günter Schmid
  • Patent number: 9376317
    Abstract: A catalyst has a long life span and efficiently separates hydrogen from water. A first metal element (Ni, Pd, Pt) for cutting the combination of hydrogen and oxygen and a second metal element (Cr, Mo, W, Fe) for helping the function of the first metal element are melted in alkaline metal hydroxide or alkaline earth metal hydroxide to make a mixture heated at a temperature above the melting point of the hydroxide to eject fine particles from the liquid surface, bringing steam into contact with the fine particles. Instead of this, a mixture of alkaline metal hydroxide and metal oxide is heated at a temperature above the melting point of the alkaline metal hydroxide to make metal compound in which at least two kinds of metal elements are melted, and fine particles are ejected from the surface of the metal compound to be brought into contact with steam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2016
    Inventor: Yasuo Ishikawa
  • Publication number: 20150071837
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of manufacturing lithium hydroxide and a method of manufacturing lithium carbonate using the same. The method of manufacturing lithium hydroxide includes: preparation of a lithium phosphate aqueous solution including lithium phosphate particles; addition of a phosphate anion precipitation agent to the lithium phosphate aqueous solution; and precipitating a sparingly soluble phosphate compound through a reaction of cations of the phosphate anion precipitation agent with anions of the lithium phosphate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2012
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Uong Chon, Im Chang Lee, Ki Young Kim, Gi-Chun Han, Chang Ho Song, So Ra Jung
  • Patent number: 8967492
    Abstract: A droplet generation system includes a first nozzle configuration structured to receive a liquid and a gas under pressure in a controllable feed ratio, and to merge the liquid and gas to form an intermediate stream that is a mixture of the gas and of a dispersed phase of the liquid. A second nozzle configuration is connected to receive the intermediate stream from the first nozzle configuration and has a valve mechanism with one or more controllable operating parameters to emit a stream of droplets of the liquid. The mean size of the droplets is dependent on the controllable feed ratio of the liquid and gas and the flow rate of the stream of droplets is dependent on the controllable operating parameter(s) of the valve mechanism. A corresponding method is disclosed, as is the application of the system and method to the production of nanoparticles in a thermochemical reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
    Inventors: Jonian Nikolov, Kok Seng Lim, Han Kwon Chang, Hee Dong Jang
  • Publication number: 20150056798
    Abstract: Some embodiments include methods of forming memory cells. Metal oxide may be deposited over a first electrode, with the deposited metal oxide having a relatively low degree of crystallinity. The degree of crystallinity within the metal oxide may be increased after the deposition of the metal oxide. A dielectric material may be formed over the metal oxide, and a second electrode may be formed over the dielectric material. The degree of crystallinity may be increased with a thermal treatment. The thermal treatment may be conducted before, during, and/or after formation of the dielectric material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 3, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Noel Rocklein, Durai Ramaswamy, Dale W. Collins, Swapnil Lengade, Srividya Krishnamurthy, Mark S. Korber
  • Patent number: 8895468
    Abstract: Provided are methods of making dehydrogenation catalyst supports containing bayerite and silica. Silica-stabilized alumina powder, prepared by spray drying of bayerite powder, precipitating silica in a bayerite slurry with an acid, or impregnation or co-extrusion of bayerite with sodium silicate solution was found to be a superior catalyst support precursor. Catalysts prepared with these silica containing support materials have higher hydrothermal stability than current CATOFIN® catalysts. Also provided is a dehydrogenation catalyst comprising Cr2O3, an alkali metal oxide, SiO2 and Al2O3, and methods of using said catalyst to make an olefin and/or dehydrogenate a dehydrogenatable hydrocarbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Wolfgang Ruettinger, Richard Jacubinas
  • Patent number: 8771618
    Abstract: Disclosed are a method of producing fine particulate alkali metal niobate in a liquid phase system, wherein the size and shape of the particulate alkali metal niobate can be controlled; and fine particulate alkali metal niobate having a controlled shape and size. One of specifically disclosed is a method of producing a substantially rectangular cuboid particulate alkali metal niobate represented by MNbO3 (1), wherein M represents one element selected from alkaline metals, including specific four steps. Another one of specifically disclosed is particulate alkali metal niobate represented by the formula (1) having a substantially rectangular cuboid shape, wherein the substantially rectangular cuboid shape has a longest side and a shortest side, the length of the longest side represented by an index Lmax is 0.10 to 25 ?m, and the length of the shortest side represented by an index Lmin is 0.050 to 15 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignees: Sakai Chemical Industry Co., Ltd., TOHOKU University, Fuji Ceramics Corporation
    Inventors: Atsushi Muramatsu, Kiyoshi Kanie, Atsuki Terabe, Yasuhiro Okamoto, Hideto Mizutani, Satoru Sueda, Hirofumi Takahashi
  • Publication number: 20130338356
    Abstract: The invention provides a novel process for the synthesis of 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-benz[1,3]oxazin-4-one, the process comprising of reacting the salicylic acid with salicylamide in the presence of p-toluenesulfonyl chloride, base and solvent. The use of 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-benz[1,3]oxazin-4-one in the preparation of Deferasirox is also disclosed in the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 23, 2011
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Inventors: Ramamohan Rao Davuluri, Ravi Ponnaiah, Guruswamy Batthni, Chandra Murthy V. R. Medida, Santhosh Dummu
  • Patent number: 8568611
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to unique coatings for use with energy storage particles, such as lithium oxide energy storage materials. The invention provides unique coatings for particles, unique particle/coating combinations, and unique methods for making coatings and/or coated particles. In one aspect of the invention, a particle is formed having a core and a coating. The particle may comprise a core having a material such as LiFePO4, and a coating. The particle may be formed, in some embodiments, by using a non-stoichiometric combination of salts or other precursors, and sintering the same to form particles. LiFePO4 may form as the core of the particle, while the remaining materials may form a coating around the LiFePO4. Typically, the LiFePO4 is crystalline while the coating is generally amorphous, and in some instances, the coating may prevent large crystals of LiFePO4 from forming.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Gerbrand Ceder, ByoungWoo Kang
  • Patent number: 8557724
    Abstract: A semiconductor porcelain composition is prepared by separately preparing a composition of (BaR)TiO3 (R is La, Dy, Eu, Gd or Y) and a composition of (BiNa)TiO3, and calcining the composition of (BaR)TiO3 at a temperature of 900° C. through 1300° C. and calcining the composition of (BiNa)TiO3 at a temperature of 700° C. through 950° C., and then mixing, forming and sintering the calcined powders. Similarly, a semiconductor porcelain composition is prepared by separately preparing a composition of (BaM)TiO3 (M is Nb, Ta or Sb) and a composition of (BiNa)TiO3, and calcining the composition of (BaM)TiO3 at a temperature of 900° C. through 1300° C. and calcining the composition of (BiNa)TiO3 at a temperature of 700° C. through 950° C., and then mixing, forming and sintering the calcined powders.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takeshi Shimada, Koichi Terao, Kazuya Toji
  • Patent number: 8545225
    Abstract: The present invention provides a redox-curing type composition that penetrates into a wet body, particularly into a tooth structure (dentin), is cured in an accelerated manner by the moisture contained in the wet body, thereby exhibits a higher bond strength than those of conventional redox-curing type compositions, and has satisfactory storage stability. The present invention is a redox-curing type composition including a polymerizable monomer (a) having an acidic group, a polymerizable monomer (b) having no acidic group, a powdery inorganic peroxide (c) with an average particle diameter of 0.01 to 50 ?m, an amine-based reducing agent (d), and a polymerization accelerator (e). The amine-based reducing agent (d) includes an aromatic amine (d?1) and an aliphatic amine (d?2), and a weight ratio (d?1):(d?2) therebetween is 5:1 to 1:50.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Kuraray Noritake Dental Inc.
    Inventors: Mitsuru Takei, Mariko Sugiura
  • Publication number: 20130171048
    Abstract: A solution mining method for recovering alkali values from a cavity of an underground ore formation comprising trona and/or wegscheiderite; a manufacturing process using such method to make sodium-based product(s); and a sodium-based product obtained therefrom. The method comprises: an ore dissolution phase (a) in which the incongruent double-salt in trona and/or wegscheiderite is dissolved from an ore face in a first solvent, and a cavity cleaning phase (b) in which sodium bicarbonate deposited on the ore face during the dissolution phase (a) is dissolved into a second aqueous solvent having a higher pH, hydroxide content, and/or temperature and is partly or completely converted in situ to sodium carbonate. The method further comprises withdrawing a liquor resulting from either phase to the ground surface, optionally recycling some liquor to the cavity; and passing some liquor through a crystallizer, a reactor, and/or an electrodialyser, to form at least one sodium-based product which is recovered.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Publication date: July 4, 2013
    Applicant: SOLVAY SA
    Inventor: SOLVAY SA
  • Patent number: 8460834
    Abstract: A hydrogen production method includes: a first process in which nitrogen compounds of metal and water are reacted to produce ammonia and hydroxide of the metal; a second process in which hydrogen compounds of a metal and the ammonia produced in the first process are reacted; and a third process in which hydrogen compounds of a metal and the hydroxide of the metal produced in the first process are reacted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignees: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha, Hiroshima University
    Inventors: Kyoichi Tange, Yoshitsugu Kojima, Takayuki Ichikawa, Chie Oomatsu, Satoshi Hino, Hironobu Fujii
  • Publication number: 20130109147
    Abstract: Some embodiments include methods of forming memory cells. Metal oxide may be deposited over a first electrode, with the deposited metal oxide having a relatively low degree of crystallinity. The degree of crystallinity within the metal oxide may be increased after the deposition of the metal oxide. A dielectric material may be formed over the metal oxide, and a second electrode may be formed over the dielectric material. The degree of crystallinity may be increased with a thermal treatment. The thermal treatment may be conducted before, during, and/or after formation of the dielectric material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2011
    Publication date: May 2, 2013
    Applicant: MICRON TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: Noel Rocklein, D.V. Nirmal Ramaswamy, Dale W. Collins, Swapnil Lengade, Srividya Krishnamurthy, Mark Korber
  • Patent number: 8404305
    Abstract: The LiMPO4 compound is synthesized by reacting a compound of general formula XMPO4, nH2O where X represents a radical selected from —NH4 and —H and M is a transition metal selected from Co, Ni and Mn, with a lithium source such as lithium nitrate, at a temperature lower than or equal to 350° C. The XMPO4, nH2O compound further exhibits a particular morphology in the form of platelets that is preserved during the reaction between the two precursors. The LiMPO4 compound thus synthesized is advantageously used as active material of an electrode for a lithium storage battery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique
    Inventors: Sebastian Patoux, Carole Pagano, Carole Bourbon, Frederic Le Cras
  • Patent number: 8399065
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for forming an electrochemical layer of a thin film battery is provided. A precursor mixture comprising electrochemically active precursor particles dispersed in a carrying medium is provided to a processing chamber and thermally treated using a combustible gas mixture also provided to the chamber. The precursor is converted to nanocrystals by the thermal energy, and the nanocrystals are deposited on a substrate. A second precursor may be blended with the nanocrystals as they deposit on the surface to enhance adhesion and conductivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Quanyuan Shang, Lu Yang, Karl M. Brown, Donald J. K. Olgado, Victor Pebenito, Hooman Bolandi, Tetsuya Ishikawa, Robert Z. Bachrach, Liang-Yuh Chen
  • Patent number: 8394291
    Abstract: Processes produce a lithium vanadium fluorophosphate or a carbon-containing lithium vanadium fluorophosphate. Such processes include forming a solution-suspension of precursors having V5+ that is to be reduced to V3+. The solution-suspension is heated in an inert environment to drive synthesis of LiVPO4F such that carbon-residue-forming material is also oxidized to precipitate in and on the LiVPO4F forming carbon-containing LiVPO4F or CLVPF. Liquids are separated from solids and a resulting dry powder is heated to a second higher temperature to drive crystallization of a product. The product includes carbon for conductivity, is created with low cost precursors, and retains a small particle size without need for milling or other processing to reduce the product to a particle size suitable for use in batteries. Furthermore, the process does not rely on addition of carbon black, graphite or other form of carbon to provide the conductivity required for use in batteries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: Phillips 66 Company
    Inventors: Zhenhua Mao, Mark W. Carel, Daniel H. Irvin, David W. Westphal
  • Publication number: 20120323021
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a high-purity aromatic methyl alcohol compound having reduced a bis(arylmethyl)ether compound as a side product mixed thereinto and a high-purity aromatic methyl alcohol composition having excellent preservation stability and methods for producing them. The object of the present invention is achieved by a method for producing a high-purity aromatic methyl alcohol compound, which comprises obtaining a high-purity aromatic methyl alcohol compound in high yield from an aromatic methyl alcohol-containing crude product by subjecting the crude product to distillation in the presence of an anti-decomposition agent. Further, the object for the preservation stability is achieved by producing a high-purity aromatic methyl alcohol composition using the obtained high-purity aromatic methyl alcohol compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 25, 2011
    Publication date: December 20, 2012
    Inventors: Takashi Doi, Yoshihiro Yoshida, Daisuke Douyama, Ryousuke Katsura, Satoru Fujitsu, Shinji Yasuda, Keisuke Kimura, Kiyoshi Oomori
  • Patent number: 8287828
    Abstract: A process for producing a lithium-containing composite oxide for a positive electrode active material for use in a lithium secondary battery, the oxide having the formula LipQqNxMyOzFa (wherein Q is at least one element selected from the group consisting of titanium, zirconium, niobium and tantalum, N is at least one element selected from the group consisting of Co, Mn and Ni, M is at least one element selected from the group consisting of Al, alkaline earth metal elements and transition metal elements other than Q and N, 0.9?p?1.1, 0?q<0.03, 0.97?x?1.00, 0?y<0.03, 1.9?z?2.1, q+x+y=1 and 0?a?0.02), which comprises firing a mixture of a lithium, Q element source and N element sources, and an M element source and/or fluorine source when these elements are present, in an oxygen-containing atmosphere, wherein the Q element source is a Q element compound aqueous solution having a pH of from 0.5 to 11.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2012
    Assignee: AGC Seimi Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takeshi Kawasato, Naoshi Saito, Megumi Uchida, Kazushige Horichi, Koji Tatsumi, Kunihiko Terase, Manabu Suhara
  • Patent number: 8268268
    Abstract: A method for preparing titania or precursor thereof with a controllable structure from micropore to mesopore is provided. The method is characterized in that the alkali metal titanate as raw material is reacted for 0.5˜72 hours in the wet atmosphere with humidity of 2˜100% at temperature of 20˜250° C., then washed with water or acid, finally performed by air roasting or solvent thermal treatment. The method has advantages that the raw material is easy to be obtained, the conditions and preparation are controllable, the pore structure may be adjusted from micropore to mesopore, crystal mixing and doping are easy, reacting time is short, preparing cost is low, and the said method is suitable for large scale production and so on. The most probable aperture of titanium oxide or precursor thereof with a controllable structure from micropore to mesopore is in the range of 1˜20 nm, the pore volume thereof is in the range of 0.05˜0.4 cm3/g, and the specific surface area thereof is more than 30 m2/g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignees: Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing Taiwei Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Xiaohua Lu, Yaxin Zhou, Chang Liu, Xin Feng, Zhuhong Yang, Changsong Wang
  • Publication number: 20120225356
    Abstract: A galvanic element containing a substantially transition metal-free oxygen-containing conversion electrode, a transition metal-containing cathode, and an aprotic lithium electrolyte. The substantially transition metal-free oxygen-containing conversion. electrode materials contain lithium hydroxide and/or lithium peroxide and/or lithium oxide, and in the charged state additionally contain lithium hydride, and are contained in a galvanic element, for example a lithium battery, as the anode. Methods for producing substantially transition metal-free oxygen-containing conversion electrode materials and galvanic elements made of substantially transition metal-free oxygen-containing conversion electrode materials are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 18, 2010
    Publication date: September 6, 2012
    Inventor: Ulrich Wietelmann
  • Patent number: 8226857
    Abstract: A non-lead composition for use as a thick-film resistor paste in electronic applications. The composition comprises particles of Li2RuO3 of diameter between 0.5 and 5 microns and a lead-free frit. The particles have had the lithium at or near primarily the surface of the particle at least partially exchanged for atoms of other metals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Paul Douglas Vernooy, Alfred T. Walker, Kenneth Warren Hang
  • Publication number: 20120159991
    Abstract: A fining agent for reducing the concentration of seeds or bubbles in a silicate glass. The fining agent includes at least one inorganic compound, such as a hydrate or a hydroxide that acts as a source of water. In one embodiment, the fining agent further includes at least one multivalent metal oxide and, optionally, an oxidizer. A fusion formable and ion exchangeable silicate glass having a seed concentration of less than about 1 seed/cm3 is also provided. Methods of reducing the seed concentration of a silicate glass, and a method of making a silicate glass having a seed concentration of less than about 1 seed/cm3 are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 9, 2012
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Inventors: Matthew John Dejneka, Sinue Gomez
  • Patent number: 8133468
    Abstract: Processes are provided for conjointly producing Br2, a concentrated aqueous solution containing CaCI2, and Cl2 from an aqueous HBr-rich stream and a feed brine dilute in CaCI2 that comprises NaCI. Such processes can comprise feeding the aqueous HBr-rich stream and the feed brine to a tower, oxidizing bromide moieties within the tower with Cl2 from a Cl2 source, at least a portion of which is produced according to this invention, to produce Br2, recovering Br2 from the tower, removing a bromide-depleted bottoms from the tower, such bottoms containing HCI, adding a Ca++ source to the bromide-depleted bottoms to convert substantially all of the HCI in the bottoms to CaCI2, as necessary, removing water from the treated bottoms to produce the concentrated aqueous solution, producing Cl2 and caustics from residual chlorides such as NaCI, and using at least a portion of the thus produced Cl2 in the Cl2 source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2012
    Assignee: Albemarle Corporation
    Inventors: Joe D. Sauer, George W. Cook, Jr., Tyson J. Hall, George A. Newbill
  • Publication number: 20110318249
    Abstract: Disclosed is a porous metal oxide obtained by subjecting metal alkoxide and/or a partially hydrolyzed condensate of the metal alkoxide to a sol-gel reaction in the presence of terminally branched copolymer particles represented by the following general formula (1) and having a number average molecular weight of not more than 2.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2010
    Publication date: December 29, 2011
    Applicant: MITSUI CHEMICALS, INC.
    Inventors: Norio Nakayama, Toshihiko Takaki, Haruhiko Fukumoto, Kaori Matoishi, Shiro Nakatsuka, Naoshi Nagai, Eiichi Takahashi, Yukiko Enomoto
  • Patent number: 8048398
    Abstract: Process for preparing a mixed metal oxide powder, in which oxidizable starting materials are evaporated and oxidized, the reaction mixture is cooled after the reaction and the pulverulent solids are removed from gaseous substances, wherein as starting materials, at least one pulverulent metal and at least one metal compound, the metal and the metal component of the metal compound being different and the proportion of metal being at least 80% by weight based on the sum of metal and metal component from metal compound, together with one or more combustion gases, are fed to an evaporation zone of a reactor, where metal and metal compound are evaporated completely under nonoxidizing conditions, subsequently, the mixture flowing out of the evaporation zone is reacted in the oxidation zone of this reactor with a stream of a supplied oxygen-containing gas whose oxygen content is at least sufficient to oxidize the starting materials and combustion gases completely.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Stipan Katusic, Guido Zimmermann, Michael Kraemer, Peter Kress, Horst Miess
  • Publication number: 20110198285
    Abstract: A desalination and minerals extraction process includes a desalination facility fluidly coupled to a minerals extraction facility. The desalination facility includes a nanofiltration membrane section producing a first tailings stream and a reverse osmosis membrane section producing a second tailings stream and a desalinated water outlet stream from an inlet feed stream. The extraction facility produces at least one mineral compound, an extraction tailings stream, and a second desalinated water outlet stream. At least one of the first tailings stream and the second tailings stream is fed into the extraction facility. In certain exemplary embodiments, a natural gas combined cycle power unit supplies power to at least one of the desalination facility and the extraction facility. In certain exemplary embodiments, the extraction tailings stream is recycled into the desalination facility and there are no extraction tailings streams or desalination tailings streams discharged into the environment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 18, 2010
    Publication date: August 18, 2011
    Applicant: KATANA Energy LLC
    Inventor: Paul Steven Wallace
  • Patent number: 7988831
    Abstract: A method for purifying an aqueous potassium hydroxide solution having rich silicon impurities has been disclosed in the invention, which is particularly related to a method that utilizes a low-carbon alcohol (such as ethanol) for extracting said aqueous potassium hydroxide solution, and includes the steps of mixing a low-carbon alcohol with an aqueous potassium hydroxide solution having rich silicon impurities; allowing the resulting mixture therefrom to divide into an aqueous phase layer and a low-carbon alcohol phase layer that contains the aqueous potassium hydroxide solution with reduced silicon impurities, and subjecting the low-carbon alcohol phase layer to a separation process for removing the low-carbon alcohol, thereby resulting in an aqueous potassium hydroxide solution having reduced silicon impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Assignee: Yeou Fa Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yung Hsiung Hsu, Sage Hsu
  • Publication number: 20110147274
    Abstract: After desulfurizing a hydrocarbon feedstream using an alkali metal reagent, the hydrocarbon feedstream can include particles of spent alkali metal salts. The spent alkali metal salts can be separated from the hydrocarbon feedstream and regenerated to form an alkali metal reagent, such as a alkali hydroxide or alkali sulfide. The regeneration process can pass through an intermediate stage of forming an alkali carbonate by successive reactions with carbon dioxide and calcium oxide. The calcium oxide can also be regenerated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2010
    Publication date: June 23, 2011
    Applicant: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: Jorge L. Soto, Daniel P. Leta, Lu Han, Walter D. Vann, Mark A. Greaney, James R. Bielenberg, Paul D. Oldenburg, Jonathan M. McConnachie, Leo D. Brown, William C. Baird, JR., Roby Bearden, JR.
  • Publication number: 20110150744
    Abstract: A process for drying potash in which wet potash is introduced into a vertical gas suspension column, in which it is entrained in a heated gas and dried from an initial moisture content of from about 3 to about 6 wt. percent to about 0.01 to about 0.1 wt. percent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2009
    Publication date: June 23, 2011
    Applicant: FLSMIDTH A/S
    Inventors: Michael Edward Prokesch, Steven Andrew Ciccarelli
  • Publication number: 20110147679
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for recovering an oxide-containing battery material from a waste battery material. The recovery method includes steps (1) and (2) in this order: (1) a step of immersing a base taken out of the waste battery material and the base having an oxide-containing battery material, in a solvent that does not substantially dissolve the oxide, and stripping the battery material from the base thereby, and (2) a step of separating the battery material from the base.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 30, 2009
    Publication date: June 23, 2011
    Applicant: SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY, LIMITED
    Inventors: Hiroshi Inukai, Toshinori Isobe, Kenji Nakane
  • Publication number: 20110044882
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for producing high purity lithium hydroxide monohydrate, comprising following steps: concentrating a lithium containing brine; purifying the brine to remove or to reduce the concentrations of ions other than lithium; adjusting the pH of the brine to about 10.5 to 11 to further remove cations other than lithium, if necessary; neutralizing the brine with acid; purifying the brine to reduce the total concentration of calcium and magnesium to less than 150 ppb via ion exchange; electrolyzing the brine to generate a lithium hydroxide solution containing less than 150 ppb total calcium and magnesium, with chlorine and hydrogen gas as byproducts; producing hydrochloric acid via combustion of the chlorine gas with excess hydrogen and subsequent scrubbing of the resultant gas stream with purified water, if elected to do so; and concentrating and crystallizing the lithium hydroxide solution to produce lithium hydroxide monohydrate crystals.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 9, 2009
    Publication date: February 24, 2011
    Inventors: David Buckley, J. David Genders, Dan Atherton
  • Patent number: 7879265
    Abstract: It is an object of the present invention to provide an active material for lithium ion battery capable of producing a lithium ion battery having an excellent high rate charge and discharge performance and a lithium ion battery having an excellent high rate charge and discharge performance. The present invention provides an active material for lithium ion battery represented by a composition formula: Li[Li(1-x)/3AlxTi(5-2x)/3]O4 (??x<1) lithium titanate is substituted with Al, and a lithium ion battery using this active material as a negative electrode active material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: GS Yuasa Corporation
    Inventors: Daisuke Endo, Tokuo Inamasu, Toshiyuki Nukuda, Yoshihiro Katayama
  • Patent number: 7767189
    Abstract: A method for preparing lithium transitional metal oxides, comprises the steps of: preparing a carbonate precursor using the following substeps: forming a first aqueous solution containing a mixture of at least two of the ions of the following metal elements (“Men+”): cobalt (Co), nickel (Ni), and manganese (Mn); forming a second aqueous solution containing ions of CO32?; and mixing and reacting the first solution and the second solution to produce the carbonate precursor, Ni1-x-yCoxMnyCO3; and preparing the lithium transition metals oxide from the carbonate precursors using the following substeps: evenly mixing Li2CO3 and the carbonate precursor; calcinating the mixed material in high temperature; and cooling and pulverizing the calcinated material to obtain the lithium transition metal oxide, Li Ni1-x-yCoxMnyO2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Assignee: BYD Company Limited
    Inventors: Huiquan Liu, Chuanfu Wang
  • Patent number: 7744845
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for the preparation of lithium zirconate and doped lithium zirconates for use as regenerable carbon dioxide sorbants by wet mixing zirconium hydroxide with lithium carbonate and then calcining the mixture. Due to the improved physical properties resulting from the disclosed preparation process, the lithium zirconates produced by this process are capable of absorbing carbon dioxide at high rates and in large amounts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2010
    Assignee: Magnesium Elektron Limited
    Inventor: Hazel Stephenson
  • Patent number: 7723261
    Abstract: The present invention refers to a catalyst for the manufacture of methyl mercaptan from carbon oxides comprising Mo and K compounds and oxides or sulfides of metals chosen from the manganese group. The improvement of the present process consists of the fact that carbon dioxide can be converted with higher conversions and selectivities to methyl mercaptan as compared to state-of-the-art technologies, with only minor amounts of carbon monoxide being formed as side product. Simultaneously, carbon monoxide can be easily converted into carbon dioxide and hydrogen by reaction with water using established water-gas-shift-technologies thus increasing the overall selectivity to methyl mercaptan.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2010
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Jan-Olaf Barth, Hubert Redlingshöfer, Christoph Weckbecker, Klaus Huthmacher, Horst-Werner Zanthoff, Ralf Mayer
  • Patent number: 7713909
    Abstract: A catalyzed Diesel soot filter and process. The Diesel soot filter incorporates a porous filter element coated with a catalytic agent so that Diesel soot from Diesel exhaust gas is deposited into contact with the catalytic agent when Diesel exhaust gas is passed through the porous filter element and so that the ignition temperature or oxidation temperature of the deposited Diesel soot is reduced. The catalytic agent is a mixture of alkali metal and cerium oxides. The mole ratio of alkali metal to cerium of the catalytic agent is in the range of from 0.5 to 5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2010
    Inventors: Fuhe Mao, Cheng G. Li, Robin Ziebarth
  • Patent number: 7704906
    Abstract: A semiconductor porcelain composition [(BiNa)x(Ba1-yRy)1-x]TiO3 with 0<x?0.2, 0<y?0.02 and R being selected from the group consisting of La, Dy, Eu, Gd or Y is prepared by separately calcining a composition of (BaR)TiO3 at a temperature of 900° C. through 1300° C. and calcining a composition of (BiNa)TiO3 at a temperature of 700° C. through 950° C., and then mixing the two calcined powders and forming and sintering the mixed calcined powder. Similarly, a semiconductor porcelain composition [(BiNa)x(Ba1-x][Ti1-zMz]O3 with 0<x?0.2, 0<z?0.005 and M being selected from the group consisting of Nb, Ta and Sb is prepared by separately calcining a composition of (BaM)TiO3 at a temperature of 900° C. through 1300° C. and calcining a composition of (BiNa)TiO3 at a temperature of 700° C. through 950° C., and then mixing the two calcined powders, and forming and sintering the mixed calcined powders.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2010
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takeshi Shimada, Koichi Terao, Kazuya Toji
  • Patent number: 7700509
    Abstract: A method of producing a semiconductor disk represented by a composition formula [(Bi0.5Na0.5)x(Ba1?yRy)1?x]TiO3, in which R is at least one element of La, Dy, Eu, Gd and Y and x and y each satisfy 0?x?0.14, and 0.002?y?0.02 includes carrying out a sintering in an inert gas atmosphere with an oxygen concentration of 9 ppm to 1% and wherein a treatment at an elevated temperature in an oxidizing atmosphere after the sintering is not carried out.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2010
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takeshi Shimada, Koichi Terao, Kazuya Toji
  • Patent number: 7682596
    Abstract: A powdery compound selected from the group consisting of Li4Ti5O12 and its derivatives selected from the group consisting of Li4?xMxTi5O12 and Li4Ti5?yNyO12 (x and y between 0 and 0.2, M and N selected from the group consisting of Na, K, Mg, Nb, Al, Ni , Co, Zr, Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Si and Mo), used as active material of an electrode for a lithium storage battery, consists of unitary particles having a diameter not greater than 1 ?m and 10-50% volume agglomerated particles having a diameter not greater than 100 ?m wherein the agglomerated particles formed by agglomeration of said unitary particles. The method for producing such a compound preferably consists in grinding the synthesized oxide for a duration comprised between 24 hours and 48 hours in a planetary mill and in then performing thermal treatment at a temperature comprised between 450° C. and 600° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2010
    Assignee: Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique
    Inventors: Carole Bourbon, Séverine Jouanneau, Frédéric Le Cras, Hélène Lignier
  • Publication number: 20090311300
    Abstract: The invention relates to a stent with in particular a coated basic body made of an implant material the use of lithium salts as a coating material or a component of an implant material for stents and the use of lithium salts in a method for restenosis prevention. The inventive stent having a basic body made of an implant material is characterized in that (i) the basic body has a coating which comprises or consists of a lithium salt, and/or (ii) the implant material is biocorrodible and the basic body contains a lithium salt.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 2, 2009
    Publication date: December 17, 2009
    Inventor: Eric Wittchow
  • Patent number: 7625831
    Abstract: Anisotropically shaped ceramic particles are represented by the general formula {(K1?x?yNaxLiy)4(Nb1?zTaz)6O17+aMeOb} (where Me is at least one element selected from the group consisting of antimony, copper, manganese, vanadium, silicon, titanium, and tungsten; and b is a positive number determined by the valence of Me), where x, y, z, and a satisfy 0?x?0.5, 0?y?0.3, 0?z?0.3, and 0.001?a?0.1, respectively. The anisotropically shaped ceramic particles have a plate-like shape. The average particle size is 1 to 100 ?m, and the ratio D/t of the maximum diameter D of a main surface to the thickness t in a direction perpendicular to the main surface is 2 or more, preferably 5 or more. Thus, anisotropically shaped ceramic particles suitable as a reactive template for preparing a crystal-oriented alkali metal niobate-based ceramic can be produced at relatively low production costs without the need for a complicated production process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2009
    Assignee: Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masahiko Kimura, Kosuke Shiratsuyu
  • Patent number: 7622090
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for separating uranium(VI) from one or more actinides selected from actinides(IV) and actinides(VI) other than uranium(VI), characterized in that it comprises the following steps: a) bringing an organic phase, which is immiscible with water and contains the said uranium and the said actinide or actinides, in contact with an aqueous acidic solution containing at least one lacunary heteropolyanion and, if the said actinide or at least one of the said actinides is an actinide(VI), a reducing agent capable of selectively reducing this actinide(VI); and b) separating the said organic phase from the said aqueous solution. Applications: reprocessing irradiated nuclear fuels, processing rare-earth, thorium and/or uranium ores.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2009
    Assignees: Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Compagnie General des Matieres Nucleaires
    Inventors: Binh Dinh, Michaël Lecomte, Pascal Baron, Christian Sorel, Gilles Bernier
  • Patent number: 7608206
    Abstract: A non-lead composition for use as a thick-film resistor paste in electronic applications. The composition comprises particles of Li2RuO3 of diameter between 0.5 and 5 microns and a lead-free frit. The particles have had the lithium at or near primarily the surface of the particle at least partially exchanged for atoms of other metals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2009
    Assignee: E.I. duPont de Nemours & Company
    Inventors: Paul Douglas VerNooy, Alfred T. Walker, Kenneth Warren Hang
  • Publication number: 20090246112
    Abstract: This invention is directed to compositions of matter comprising a hydride ion having a binding energy greater than about 0.8 eV. The claimed hydride ions may be combined with cations, including a proton, to form novel hydrides.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 11, 2008
    Publication date: October 1, 2009
    Inventor: Randell L. Mills
  • Publication number: 20090231703
    Abstract: A method of fixing polarization-reversed regions formed in a ferroelectric single crystal with ease and an optical element containing such a ferroelectric single crystal are provided. The method of fixing the polarization-reversed regions formed in a ferroelectric single crystal is characterized by including a step of irradiating an ion beam or a neutral beam on the ferroelectric single crystal where polarization-reversed regions are formed. An optical element containing such a ferroelectric single crystal is characterized by being manufactured by a method including such a step.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2007
    Publication date: September 17, 2009
    Applicant: NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR MATERIALS SCIENCE
    Inventors: Xiaoyan Liu, Shunji Takekawa, Kazuya Terabe, Shunichi Hishita, Kenji Kitamura
  • Publication number: 20090211493
    Abstract: The invention concerns a new synthetic mineral matter containing carbonate, the decomposition of which reduces the rate of fossil fuel carbon dioxide emission. It also concerns its manufacture in batches, or in a batch-continuous manner, or in a continuous manner, together with its uses in the pharmaceutical field, the field of human or animal foodstuffs, or again the papermaking field with, notably, manufacture of paper, filler or coating, or again every other paper surface treatment, together with the fields of water-based or non-water-based paints, together with the field of plastics, such as that of breathable polyethylene films, or again the field of printing inks.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 11, 2006
    Publication date: August 27, 2009
    Applicant: OMYA DEVELOPMENT AG
    Inventors: Matthias Buri, Thoralf Gliese