Preapplied Reactant Or Reaction Promoter Or Hardener (e.g., Catalyst, Etc.) Patents (Class 427/301)
  • Patent number: 10170406
    Abstract: A method of forming an interconnect that includes providing a sacrificial trace structure using an additive forming method. The sacrificial trace structure having a geometry for the interconnect. The method continuous with forming a continuous seed metal layer on the sacrificial trace structure; and removing the sacrificial trace structure, wherein the continuous seed metal layer remains. An interconnect metal layer may be formed on the continuous seed layer. A dielectric material may then be formed on the interconnect metal layer to encapsulate a majority of the interconnect metal layer, wherein ends of the interconnect metal layer are exposed through one surface of the dielectric material to provide an interconnect extending into a dielectric material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Daniel J. Buvid, Eric J. Campbell, Sarah K. Czaplewski, Christopher W. Steffen
  • Patent number: 9926340
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides NAD analogs of the formula: wherein R1, n, and X1 are defined herein, useful for the identification of PARP target proteins and the amino acid sequence wherein the ribose group is attached to the target protein. Also, provided herein are methods of identifying target protein and amino acid sequences. Additionally, the present disclosure provides methods of identifying DNA sequences associated with specific chromatin proteins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignees: The Board of Regents of the University of Texas System, Biolog Life Science Institute Forshungslabor und Biochemica-Vertrieb GmbH, Cornell University
    Inventors: W. Lee Kraus, Bryan A. Gibson, Frank Schwede, Hening Lin
  • Patent number: 9875958
    Abstract: A method of forming an interconnect that includes providing a sacrificial trace structure using an additive forming method. The sacrificial trace structure having a geometry for the interconnect. The method continuous with forming a continuous seed metal layer on the sacrificial trace structure; and removing the sacrificial trace structure, wherein the continuous seed metal layer remains. An interconnect metal layer may be formed on the continuous seed layer. A dielectric material may then be formed on the interconnect metal layer to encapsulate a majority of the interconnect metal layer, wherein ends of the interconnect metal layer are exposed through one surface of the dielectric material to provide an interconnect extending into a dielectric material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2018
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Daniel J. Buvid, Eric J. Campbell, Sarah K. Czaplewski, Christopher W. Steffen
  • Patent number: 9636216
    Abstract: An inorganic-organic hybrid coating applied to a polymer and method for forming same to provide improved hydrophilicity and lubricity to the surface of the polymer. The hydrophilic coating is on the order of one micron thick, as is formed by activating the surface of the polymer, reacting the activated surface of the polymer with a Lewis acid metallic composition, and then quenching the coating in salt solution having a pH>7.2 at a temperature above the glass transition temperature (Tg) of the polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2017
    Assignee: STAAR Surgical Company
    Inventors: Alexei Ossipov, Thomas R. Paul
  • Patent number: 9399820
    Abstract: The present invention concerns an electroless nickel plating bath suitable for application in plating on plastic processes. The plating bath is free of hazardous substances such as lead ions and ammonia and allows deposition of nickel phosphorous alloys on plastic substrates at plating temperatures not higher than 55° C. Furthermore, the deposition of copper from an immersion type copper plating bath onto the nickel phosphorous coatings require no activation step which results in less process steps and less waste water production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2016
    Assignee: Atotech Deutschland GmbH
    Inventors: Carl Christian Fels, Brigitte Dyrbusch
  • Patent number: 9199854
    Abstract: A process for producing boron nitride nanotubes and nanotube films, which process comprises heating a liquid composition comprising boron particles and a metal compound, wherein heating takes place at a temperature of from 800-1300° C. in a gaseous atmosphere containing nitrogen that causes boron nitride nanotubes to grow, and wherein the boron particles have an average particle size of less than 100 nm, and wherein the metal compound is selected such that it promotes the growth of boron nitride nanotubes during heating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Assignee: Deakin University
    Inventors: Ying Chen, Luhua Li
  • Patent number: 9174214
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of coupling multiple binding agents to respective areas of a substrate surface by hydrodynamic addressing, using two laminar fluid flows that flow together in the same direction over the substrate surface with an interface to each other to successively couple the binding agents to the substrate areas, wherein each successive coupling of a binding agent to a surface area is followed or preceded by selective deactivation or activation of a selected surface area according to a defined protocol. The invention also relates to the use of such a binding agent-coupled substrate surface for analytical purposes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Assignee: GE HEALTHCARE BIO-SCIENCES AB
    Inventors: Pär Säfsten, Mattias Tidare
  • Publication number: 20150147268
    Abstract: A synthetic gel for crystal growth, which induces only secondary growth from the surface of a silicalite-1 or zeolite beta seed crystal and cannot induce crystal nucleation in the synthetic gel for crystal growth or on the surface of the seed crystal. The synthetic gel contains fumed silica, tetraethylammonium hydroxide (TEAOH), [(NH4)2SiF6], KOH, and H2O, or contains tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), tetraethylammonium hydroxide (TEAOH), hydrogen fluoride, and H2O.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2012
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Kyung Byung Yoon, Cao Thanh Tung Pham, Hyun Sung Kim
  • Patent number: 9034429
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of patterning a layer formed from a fixable material such as photopolymer on a surface in a desired pattern. The method involves coating selected areas of the substrate with an adhesion promoter and subsequently coating the fixable material. The fixable material is then fixed, for instance by curing by exposure to UV radiation. The adhesion promoter is adapted to have a surface energy which is designed to adhere to the substrate or selected areas thereof and also to the fixed material such that fixed material may be easily removed from areas of the substrate not coated with adhesion promoter but retained in areas where the adhesion promoter has bonded to the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: ZBD DISPLAYS LIMITED
    Inventors: Guy Peter Bryan-Brown, David Walker, John Clifford Jones
  • Patent number: 9028919
    Abstract: Processes for preparation of an epitaxial graphene surface to make it suitable for deposition of high-? oxide-based dielectric compounds such as Al2O3, HfO2, TaO5, or TiO2 are provided. A first process combines ex situ wet chemistry conditioning of an epitaxially grown graphene sample with an in situ pulsing sequence in the ALD reactor. A second process combines ex situ dry chemistry conditioning of the epitaxially grown graphene sample with the in situ pulsing sequence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Nelson Garces, Virginia D. Wheeler, David Kurt Gaskill, Charles R. Eddy, Jr., Glenn G. Jernigan
  • Publication number: 20150099076
    Abstract: A process for manufacturing a composite material comprising a functionalization of the substrate, which comprises treatment of said substrate with at least one first alcoholic solvent, functionalization of a first powder and formation of a first colloidal sol of said functionalized first powder in a second solvent, at least one application of a layer of said first colloidal sol of said first powder to the substrate, drying of said layer of said first colloidal sol and formation of a layer of first coating formed by said first colloidal sol, adherent to said substrate, by heating at a temperature above 50° C. and below 500° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2013
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Applicant: PRAYON SA
    Inventors: Dimitri Liquet, Carlos Alberto Paez, Cedric Calberg, David Eskenazi, Jean-Paul Pirard, Benoit Heinrichs
  • Patent number: 8993068
    Abstract: In one aspect, the present invention is directed to methods for modification of functionalized substrates. In another aspect, the invention relates to systems and methods for fabricating multilayer polymer compositions. In certain embodiments, the multilayer polymer compositions described herein can comprise heterobifunctional polymers and heterotrifunctional molecules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
    Inventors: Jeffrey T. Koberstein, Hernan R. Rengifo, Cristian Grigoras, Jeffrey Lancaster
  • Publication number: 20150060406
    Abstract: A substrate processing method includes an SPM supplying step of supplying SPM having high temperature to an upper surface of a substrate, a DIW supplying step of supplying, after the SPM supplying step, DIW having room temperature to the upper surface of the substrate to rinse off the liquid remaining on the substrate, a hydrogen peroxide water supplying step of supplying, after the SPM supplying step and before the DIW supplying step, hydrogen peroxide water of a liquid temperature lower than the temperature of the SPM and not less than room temperature, to the upper surface of the substrate in a state where the SPM remains on the substrate, and a temperature decrease suppressing step of supplying, in parallel to the hydrogen peroxide water supplying step, pure water having high temperature to a lower surface of the substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 2, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: Sei NEGORO, Ryo MURAMOTO, Yasuhiko NAGAI, Tsutomu OSUKA, Keiji IWATA
  • Patent number: 8956488
    Abstract: Diamine is used to enhance adhesion between polyurethane and polyolefinic material or ionomeric material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: NIKE, Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas J. Kennedy, III
  • Patent number: 8956699
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for preparing metal workpieces for cold forming by applying a lubricant layer either to a metal surface or to a metal surface which has been pre-coated with e.g., a conversion coating. The lubricant layer is formed by contacting the surface with an aqueous lubricant composition which has a content in at least two waxes having distinct properties and a content in organic polymer material, the organic polymer material used predominantly being monomers, oligomers, co-oligomers, polymers and copolymers based on ionomer, acrylic acid/methacrylic acid, epoxide, ethylene, propylene, styrene, urethane, the ester or salt thereof. The invention to the corresponding lubricant composition, to the lubricant layer produced thereof and to its use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Chemetall GmbH
    Inventors: Uwe Rau, Klaus-Dieter Nittel
  • Patent number: 8951612
    Abstract: A method for processing a surface involves depositing at least one class of enzymes (2) onto the surface (1); introducing at least a reactant (3) into an environment of the surface (1), and causing interaction between the enzymes (2) and the reactant (3), thereby to cause processing of a region of the surface (1), the processed region of the surface (1) being defined with respect to a region thereof that is proximate (4) to where the enzymes (3) have been deposited.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Emmanuel Delamarche, Matthias Geissler
  • Patent number: 8951611
    Abstract: Methods of treating wood including modifying a cell wall of the wood to be positively charged to form a cationic wood cell wall; and contacting a negatively charged silicon layer to the cationic wood cell wall to form a barrier, wherein the negatively charged silicon layer includes a silicate ester group, a silinol group, a silicon oxide group or a combination thereof are described. Treated wood compositions including a wood structure having an outer layer including a wood cell having a cell wall attached to a silicon layer which includes a silicate ester group, a silinol group, a silicon oxide group or a combination thereof are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Empire Technology Development LLC
    Inventors: Kwangyeol Lee, Kraig Anderson
  • Patent number: 8945685
    Abstract: A method for dying and/or printing adhesive closure parts (10) having a plurality of hooks (12) predominately made of a plastic material connected to a carrier (14), applies a dye medium to the surface (16) of the adhesive closure part (10) or its parts by an application unit (18). Because the dye used is based on a solvent free wax applied by the application unit (18) in a melted form in droplets, bubbles, or pellet form, and enters into a fixed connection to the surface (16) in the cooled, cured state, a wax dye application may be achieved that is markedly colorfast and UV resistant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Gottlieb Binder GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Jan Tuma, Konstantinos Poulakis
  • Patent number: 8940830
    Abstract: The drying time for aqueous asphalt emulsions used in the roofing and other waterproofing industries is shortened by separately applying an emulsion breaking agent to the substrate to be waterproofed, to the aqueous asphalt emulsion after it is applied, or both.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Tremco Incorporated
    Inventors: William R. Knight, Ge Wang, Dominic R. Cremona, Ronald M. Velichka
  • Publication number: 20150010748
    Abstract: Basic coating compositions including inorganic oxide nanoparticles and an organic base are described. Methods of coating a substrate with the coating compositions, coated substrates prepared using the methods, and articles that include the coated substrates are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2012
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventors: Xue-Hua Chen, Yu Yang, Dong-Wei Zhu, Ping Zhou, Bin Yu
  • Patent number: 8916232
    Abstract: The embodiments fill the need of improving electromigration and reducing stress-induced voids of copper interconnect by enabling deposition of a thin and conformal barrier layer, and a copper layer in the copper interconnect. The adhesion between the barrier layer and the copper layer can be improved by making the barrier layer metal-rich prior copper deposition and by limiting the amount of oxygen the barrier layer is exposed prior to copper deposition. Alternatively, a functionalization layer can be deposited over the barrier layer to enable the copper layer being deposit in the copper interconnect with good adhesion between the barrier layer and the copper layer. An exemplary method of preparing a substrate surface of a substrate to deposit a functionalization layer over a metallic barrier layer of a copper interconnect to assist deposition of a copper layer in the copper interconnect in an integrated system in order to improve electromigration performance of the copper interconnect is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Hyungsuk Alexander Yoon, John Boyd, Yezdi Dordi, Fritz C. Redeker
  • Patent number: 8877072
    Abstract: A method to fabricate a hierarchical graduated-branched structure that grows in a three-dimensional pattern down to fractal-branching, nano-size level is detailed. The fractal patterning is accomplished on a three-dimensional (i.e., non-planar) surface, by exposing the surface to a properly focused particle beam, which causes the spontaneous growth of graduated branches all over the surface. The structure can be fabricated with a single material and the fractal-patterning is done in a one step process. No addition of material is required for the formation of each branch. The fractal graduated branching structure can then be molded in order to produce replicas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Inventors: Ranjana Sahai, Paolo Corradi
  • Patent number: 8863724
    Abstract: Engines and methods execute a high efficiency hybrid cycle, which is implemented in a volume within an engine. The cycle includes isochoric heat addition and over-expansion of the volume within the engine, wherein the volume is reduced in a compression portion of the cycle from a first quantity to a second quantity, the volume is held substantially constant at the second quantity during a heat addition portion of the cycle, and the volume is increased in an expansion portion of the cycle to a third quantity, the third quantity being larger than the first quantity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: LiquidPiston, Inc.
    Inventors: Nikolay Shkolnik, Alexander C. Shkolnik
  • Patent number: 8863757
    Abstract: A process for reducing the permeability of a paper wrapper used in the construction of a smoking article is disclosed. The paper wrapper is treated with a film-forming composition that forms treated discrete areas on the wrapper. The treated discrete areas have a permeability within a predetermined range sufficient to reduce the ignition proclivity properties of a smoking article made with the wrapper. In accordance with the present invention, the film-forming composition contains a film-forming material. The film-forming material has a relatively low viscosity. In this manner, the film-forming composition can have a relatively high solids content and still be applied to the wrapper using conventional techniques, such as by using a gravure printer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas A. Kraker
  • Publication number: 20140302257
    Abstract: A method for applying a zinc oxide coating to a substrate, comprising the steps of: (i) applying a nitrogen-containing aromatic heterocycle functionalised coating to the substrate; (ii) contacting the nitrogen-containing aromatic heterocycle functionalised coating with an agent comprising palladium(II) and/or platinum(II), resulting in a coating comprising complexed palladium(II) and/or platinum(II); (iii) reducing the complexed palladium(II) and/or platinum(II) in the coating to palladium(0) and/or platinum(0); and (iv) contacting the coating comprising complexed palladium(0) and/or platinum(0) with a zinc salt in the presence of a reducing agent under aqueous conditions to form a zinc oxide coating on the substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Inventors: Jas Pal Singh Badyal, Thomas J. Wood
  • Patent number: 8852678
    Abstract: Glass surfaces, for example, windshield surfaces, have a durable hydrophobic coating applied thereto. The glass surface is first treated by any suitable method to enhance the ability of a chitosan polymer coating to durably or substantially permanently adhere thereto. Once the chitosan coating has been applied to the glass surface, the normally hydrophilic chitosan coating is rendered hydrophobic by suitable treatment, for example, by a combination of enzymatic and chemical treatments. Alternatively, the chitosan may be rendered hydrophobic prior to coating it on the glass surface, but that is a less preferred technique. The method of the invention provides a glass article having a hydrophobic surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Agratech International, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph Bristow, Richard M. DeMarco
  • Publication number: 20140247580
    Abstract: In order to further develop a planar element as well as a method for producing such planar elements in such way that said planar element is easily and inexpensively to produce on the one hand and allows remarkable optical effects to be obtained on the other hand, it is proposed to apply at least one coating to at least one area or side of at least one support substrate, especially of at least one support plate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 17, 2014
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Inventor: Thomas SCHNEIDER
  • Patent number: 8821981
    Abstract: A method of forming a seal includes preparing a froth from a one component polyurethane precursor, applying the froth to a surface of an article, and simultaneously applying water with the froth, the froth curing to form a gasket having a density not greater than 350 kg/m3 bonded to the article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Chaineux
    Inventors: Ahmet Comert, Georges Moineau, Dino Manfredi
  • Patent number: 8815341
    Abstract: Processes for growing carbon nanotubes on carbon fiber substrates are described herein. The processes can include depositing a catalyst precursor on a carbon fiber substrate, optionally depositing a non-catalytic material on the carbon fiber substrate, and after depositing the catalyst precursor and the optional non-catalytic material, exposing the carbon fiber substrate to carbon nanotube growth conditions so as to grow carbon nanotubes thereon. The carbon nanotube growth conditions can convert the catalyst precursor into a catalyst that is operable for growing carbon nanotubes. The carbon fiber substrate can remain stationary or be transported while the carbon nanotubes are being grown. Optionally, the carbon fiber substrates can include a barrier coating and/or be free of a sizing agent. Carbon fiber substrates having carbon nanotubes grown thereon are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Applied NanoStructured Solutions, LLC
    Inventors: Brandon K. Malet, Tushar K. Shah
  • Patent number: 8808810
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments of this invention relate to the use of graphene as a transparent conductive coating (TCC). A substrate having a surface to be coated is provided. A self-assembled monolayer (SAM) template is disposed on the surface to be coated. A precursor comprising a precursor molecule is provided, with the precursor molecule being a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and discotic molecule. The precursor is dissolved to form a solution. The solution is applied to the substrate having the SAM template disposed thereon. The precursor molecule is photochemically attached to the SAM template. The substrate is heated to at least 450 degrees C. to form a graphene-inclusive film. Advantageously, the graphene-inclusive film may be provided directly on the substrate, e.g., without the need for a liftoff process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventor: Vijayen S. Veerasamy
  • Publication number: 20140227485
    Abstract: A wood-fiber aluminum-plastic composite profile and a producing method thereof is provided. The profile comprises: an inner core made from minerals, plant fibers, additive and a type of waste plastic, and a protective film layer on the outer surface of the inner core made from a type of plastic identical to that of the inner core. The producing method comprises: adding raw material in weight ratio with main material of 30-55%, supplement material of 38-55%, filler of 5-30%, and additive of 2-6% in a mixer, processing into particles, and co-extruding the inner core and the protective film layer synchronously. The profile produced by the method has good quality, long service life, high durability and wide application range.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 14, 2014
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: KAITEYAH GmbH
    Inventor: Hong GAO
  • Patent number: 8784937
    Abstract: Methods for growing carbon nanotubes on glass substrates, particularly glass fiber substrates, are described herein. The methods can include depositing a catalytic material or a catalyst precursor on a glass substrate; depositing a non-catalytic material on the glass substrate prior to, after, or concurrently with the catalytic material or catalyst precursor; and exposing the glass substrate to carbon nanotube growth conditions so as to grow carbon nanotubes thereon. The glass substrate, particularly a glass fiber substrate, can be transported while the carbon nanotubes are being grown thereon. Catalyst precursors can be converted into a catalyst when exposed to carbon nanotube growth conditions. The catalytic material or catalyst precursor and the non-catalytic material can be deposited from a solution containing water as a solvent. Illustrative deposition techniques include, for example, spray coating and dip coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Applied NanoStructured Solutions, LLC
    Inventors: Brandon K. Malet, Tushar K. Shah
  • Patent number: 8784930
    Abstract: The present invention pertains to a transparent conductive film including a conductive layer having different thicknesses so as to increase the optical transmittance while maintaining the conductivity of the transparent conductive film. The present invention also pertains to a process for the preparation of the above-mentioned transparent conductive film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Far Eastern New Century Corporation
    Inventors: Da-Ren Chiou, Wei-Che Hung, Shih-Yueh Lin, Chiu-Fang Chen, Tzu-Ying Chen
  • Patent number: 8771803
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for applying a colored or colorless micropattern to a support, in which a) a die form (40) is prepared whose surface exhibits an arrangement of elevations (42) and depressions (44) in the form of the desired micropattern, b) the depressions (44) in the die form are filled with a curable colored or colorless lacquer (26), c) the support (20, 30) is pretreated for a good anchoring of the colored or colorless lacquer (26), d) the surface of the die form (40) is brought into contact with the support (20, 30), e) the lacquer (26) that is in contact with the support (20, 30) in the depressions in the die form (40) is cured and, in the process, joined with the support (20, 30), and f) the surface of the die form (40) is removed from the support (20, 30) again such that the cured lacquer (26) that is joined with the support (20, 30) is pulled out of the depressions (44) in the die form (40).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Giesecke & Devrient GmbH
    Inventor: Marius Dichtl
  • Patent number: 8764851
    Abstract: Methods of treating fabrics using sol-gel halamine chemistry to impart antimicrobial properties thereto are described, as well as fabrics produced by the described methods. In one embodiment, the antimicrobial fabrics may be used to fabricate antimicrobial divider curtains for use in hospitals and medical facilities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Eastern Michigan University
    Inventors: Subhas Ghosh, Vijaykumar Mannari
  • Patent number: 8745868
    Abstract: A method for hydrophilizing surfaces of a printhead assembly includes decontaminating the printhead assembly; plasma activating the surfaces of the printhead assembly; treating the surfaces of the printhead assembly with a treatment solution; drying the printhead assembly; baking the printhead assembly; and performing a print quality and electrical test on the printhead assembly. The step of decontaminating the printhead assembly is performed before the step of plasma activating the surfaces of the printhead assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Zamtec Ltd
    Inventors: Simon Fielder, Lewis Matich, Kia Silverbrook
  • Publication number: 20140155482
    Abstract: The aim of the present invention is to provide a fluid composition that can form a coating, said composition being characterized in that it contains, at least in a solvent medium, an effective amount of at least one natural virucide selected from among lauric acid, monolaurin, lactoferrin and essential oils having antiviral activity and/or one of the precursors thereof, said composition having a viscosity of 30 mPa·s to 40 Pa·s at room temperature and pressure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 8, 2013
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: ARJOWIGGINS SECURITY
    Inventor: Arjowiggins Security
  • Publication number: 20140147627
    Abstract: The present disclosure describes a strategy to create self-healing, slippery liquid-infused porous surfaces (SLIPS). Roughened (e.g., porous) surfaces can be utilized to lock in place a lubricating fluid, referred to herein as Liquid B to repel a wide range of materials, referred to herein as Object A (Solid A or Liquid A). SLIPS outperforms other conventional surfaces in its capability to repel various simple and complex liquids (water, hydrocarbons, crude oil and blood), maintain low-contact-angle hysteresis (<2.5°), quickly restore liquid-repellency after physical damage (within 0.1-1 s), resist ice, microorganisms and insects adhesion, and function at high pressures (up to at least 690 atm). Some exemplary application where SLIPS will be useful include energy-efficient fluid handling and transportation, optical sensing, medicine, and as self-cleaning, and anti-fouling materials operating in extreme environments.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 19, 2012
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: PRESIDENT AND FELLOWS OF HARVARD COLLEGE
    Inventors: Joanna Aizenberg, Michael Aizenberg, Sung Hoon Kang, Philseok Kim, Kam Yan Tang, Tak Sing Wong
  • Patent number: 8729182
    Abstract: A nanoparticle composition comprising a substrate comprising a metal oxide component and an aluminum oxide component; and a metallocene olefin polymerization catalyst component coupled to the substrate is disclosed. The metal oxide component is homogenously dispersed throughout the nanocomposite composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignees: Northwestern University, The Penn State Research Foundation
    Inventors: Tobin J. Marks, Michael T. Lanagan, Neng Guo, Sara A. DiBenedetto
  • Patent number: 8709542
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method for preparing an organic film at the surface of a solid support, with a step of contacting said surface with a liquid solution including (i) at least one protic solvent, (ii) at least one adhesion primer, under non-electrochemical conditions, and allowing the formation of radical entities based on the adhesion primer. The liquid solution can also include (iii) at least one monomer different from the adhesion primer and radically polymerizable. This invention also relates to a non-electrically-conductive solid support on which an organic film according to said method is grafted, and a kit for preparing an essentially polymeric organic film at the surface of a solid support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique
    Inventors: Vincent Mevellec, Sebastien Roussel, Serge Palacin, Guy Deniau
  • Publication number: 20140106472
    Abstract: Provided are site specific chemically modified nanopore devices and methods for manufacturing and using them. Site specific chemically modified nanopore devices can be used for analyte sensing and analysis, for example.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2012
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicant: ELECTRONIC BIOSCIENCES, INC.
    Inventors: Eric N. Ervin, John J. Watkins, Geoffrey A. Barrall
  • Patent number: 8697233
    Abstract: A metal-coated material comprising a metal-coated lipid bilayer vesicle and a preparation method thereof are provided. A metal-coated material comprising a metal-coated lipid bilayer vesicle having a network of siloxane bonding (Si—O—Si) on its surface. a method for preparing the metal-coated lipid bilayer vesicle comprising the following steps: (1) rendering the functional group(s) having the ability of carrying the metal catalyst to the surface of lipid bilayer vesicle having a network of siloxane bonding (Si—O—Si bonding) on its surface, at or after the formation, by self-organization, of the lipid bilayer vesicle; (2) immobilizing the metal catalyst on the surface of the lipid bilayer vesicle; (3) optionally, reducing the metal catalyst; and (4) performing electroless plating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignees: Nara Institute of Science and Technology, JX Nippon Mining & Metals Corporation
    Inventors: Jun-ichi Kikuchi, Yoshihiro Sasaki, Mineo Hashizume, Toru Imori
  • Patent number: 8647699
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for producing biomedical articles, in particular, silicone hydrogel contact lenses having durable hydrophilic chitosan coating. The chitosan coating is covalently attached to the medical device by performing a crosslinking reaction between chitosan and the carboxylic groups on the surface of a medical device directly in a sealed package during autoclave. The coated biomedical articles obtainable by the process of the invention have desirable characteristics regarding adherence to the substrate, durability, hydrophilicity, wettability, biocompatibility and permeability and are thus especially useful in the field of ophthalmic devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: Novartis AG
    Inventors: Achim Müller, Monika Knuth, Ralf Pasternack, Jens Zotzel, Christine Reiff
  • Patent number: 8642117
    Abstract: A liquid composition for forming an activator-containing layer on a substrate, for activating a chemical reaction to produce a solid layer on the substrate, comprises activator, surfactant and solvent and/or binder. The liquid composition is deposited on a surface of a substrate, desirably by inkjet printing. The layer is used to activate a chemical reaction to produce a solid layer on the substrate surface, e.g. a layer of conductive metal. The surfactant in the liquid composition has beneficial effects on the behavior of the liquid composition when applied to certain substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Conductive Inkjet Technology Limited
    Inventor: Martyn Robinson
  • Patent number: 8628831
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the field of selective metallization, and in particular to preparing a polymer article for selective metallization by submerging the article in a first liquid, and while submerged irradiate the article by a laser beam the area of the article on which the metal is to be deposited. An activation step, prior to the selective metallization, comprises submerging the article in an activation liquid for depositing seed particles in the selected area. The irradiation of the selected area is proportionate so as to cause a temporary melting of the polymer in the surface of the selected area of the polymer article. The invention is advantageous in that the preparation may be performed with a relatively high scan rate across the polymer article, and in that a quite limited use of toxic chemicals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignees: Danmarks Tekniskie Universitet, IPU
    Inventors: Peter Torben Tang, Jakob Skov Nielsen, Peter Caroe Nielsen, Hans Nørgaard Hansen, Yang Zhang
  • Publication number: 20140004266
    Abstract: A method for electroless coating of a substrate by applying an activating coat of polyelectrolyte or salt with a first aqueous composition, rinsing of the activating coat such that the activating coat is not entirely removed The activated surface that has remained after rinsing is then contacted with an aqueous composition in the form of a solution, emulsion or suspension to form an organic secondary coat (precipitation coat), and drying. The activating coat contains at least one cationic polyelectrolyte or at least one cationic salt in solution in water. The aqueous composition which forms the secondary coat contains constituents which can be precipitated, deposited and/or salted out and which are anionically, zwitterionically, sterically or cationically stabilized. The dry film formed in the process, which is made of the activating coat and the secondary coat, has a thickness of at least 1 ?m.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2011
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Applicant: CHEMETALL GMBH
    Inventors: Daniel Wasserfallen, Michael Schwamb, Cindy Ettrich, Vera Sotke, Martin Droll, Oliver Seewald, Wolfgang Bremser, Aliaksandr Frankel
  • Publication number: 20130316171
    Abstract: A coated article comprising a metal surface, a first layer of an uncured autodeposition coating and a second uncured paint layer deposited sequentially on the surface without intermediate curing of the autodeposition coating, a process of co-curing said autodeposition coating and paint layer or layers, and a cured coated article having chemical bonds between the cured autodeposition coating layer and at least the cured paint layer immediately adjacent to the cured autodeposition coating layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2013
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Applicant: Henkel AG & Co. KGaA
    Inventors: Omar L. Abu-Shanab, Michael Inch, Bashir M. Ahmed, Christopher G. Weller, Derek W. Smith
  • Patent number: 8586143
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of grafting, by covalent bonding, hollow or solid composite capsules onto any type of natural, artificial or synthetic, organic or inorganic, support, the capsules being chemically, physically or physico-chemically modified, so as possibly to improve their affinity with the support and to functionalize them, and then grafted, after the capsules and/or the support have been activated. The invention also relates to the capsules thus modified, to the supports grafted by the capsules, especially fibres and textiles, and also to the use of these grafted supports, especially fibres and textiles, for making up what are called “functional” articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (C.N.R.S.)
    Inventors: Yves Frere, Louis Danicher, Mahdi Merji
  • Patent number: 8580343
    Abstract: A method for fabricating composite carbon nanotube structure is presented. A carbon nanotube array is provided. A first carbon nanotube structure is drawn from the carbon nanotube array. The first carbon nanotube structure is located on the substrate. A second carbon nanotube structure is grown on a surface of the first carbon nanotube structure to form a composite carbon nanotube structure. A composite carbon nanotube structure is also presented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kai-Li Jiang, Shou-Shan Fan
  • Publication number: 20130295587
    Abstract: A chemical modification method of a defined area on a substrate surface, comprising the steps of: a) providing a flow cell having a reactive substrate surface, b) providing a laminar flow of a first fluid comprising a first reagent and a laminar flow of a second fluid comprising a second reagent, adjacent to the flow of the first fluid, such that the two laminar fluids flow together over the reactive substrate surface with an interface to each other and, c) dynamically controlling the relative flow rates of the first and second fluids to position the interface so that a predetermined area of the reactive substrate surface is repeatedly exposed to both the first and the second fluid to obtain a chemically modified predetermined area of the substrate surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 20, 2012
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Applicant: GE HEALTHCARE BIO-SCIENCES AB
    Inventor: Hans Sjobom