Metal Oxide- Or Silicon-containing Coating (e.g., Glazed, Vitreous Enamel, Etc.) Patents (Class 427/376.2)
  • Patent number: 11890609
    Abstract: Honeycomb bodies and methods for treating a honeycomb bodies that include a skin surrounding a matrix of cells, the skin and the matrix of cells comprising a porous inorganic material. Methods include applying a buffer solution to only the porous inorganic material of the skin and coating the porous inorganic material of the skin with an oxide slurry. The oxide slurry includes an oxide or a precursor of the oxide configured to increase the isostatic strength of the honeycomb body. After treatment, the honeycomb body may be dried.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2020
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2024
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Jacob George, Mallanagouda Dyamanagouda Patil, Elizabeth Margaret Wheeler
  • Patent number: 11578774
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a ceramic matrix composite component includes pressure casting a fibrous preform with a slurry comprising boron carbide and densifying the fibrous preform using a liquid source of carbon. The method may include forming holes in the fibrous preform before pressure casting the fibrous preform with the slurry. The method may also include sintering the boron carbide after the pressure casting. In various embodiments, the sintering may be performed before the densifying.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2023
    Assignee: Goodrich Coroporation
    Inventor: Jean-Francois LeCostaouec
  • Patent number: 11439980
    Abstract: A visible light photocatalyst coating includes a metal oxide that in the presence of a organic contaminate that absorbs at least some visible light or includes the metal oxide and an auxiliary visible light absorbent, where upon absorption of degradation of the organic contaminate occurs. Contaminates can be microbes, such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi. The metal oxide is nanoparticulate or microparticulate. The metal oxide can be TiO2. The coating can include an auxiliary dye having an absorbance of light in at least a portion of the visible spectrum. The coating can include a suspending agent, such as NaOH. The visible light photocatalyst coating can cover a surface of a device that is commonly handled or touched, such as a door knob, rail, or counter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2022
    Inventors: Brij M. Moudgil, Vijay Krishna, Benjamin L. Koopman, Wei Bai
  • Patent number: 11225432
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the field of forehearth frits, pearls, and/or concentrates for use in glass compositions. In particular, the present invention provides a system of forehearth frits, pearls, and/or concentrates that is capable of parting a fluorescent effect to a glass composition by adding a fluorescent glass fit, pearl or concentrate in the forehearth of a glass furnace, to form fluorescent glass and a method of using the fluorescent system of forehearth frits, pearls, and/or concentrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2022
    Assignee: Ferro Corporation
    Inventors: Yasin Musa Mehmet Duman, Stéphane François Yves Bodin, Benoit Darbouret
  • Patent number: 11081282
    Abstract: A multilayer ceramic capacitor includes: a multilayer chip in which dielectric layers mainly composed of ceramic and internal electrode layers are alternately stacked so that the internal electrode layers are alternately exposed to two end faces, which face each other, of the multilayer chip, the multilayer chip having a substantially rectangular parallelepiped shape; and a pair of external electrodes formed from the two end faces of the multilayer chip to at least one side face of side faces of the multilayer chip, wherein each of the pair of external electrodes includes a metal layer and an oxide layer, the metal layer being formed from the end face to the at least one side face and being mainly composed of copper, the oxide layer covering at least a part of the metal layer, being mainly composed of copper oxide, and having a maximum thickness of 0.5 ?m or greater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2021
    Assignee: TAIYO YUDEN CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tomoaki Nakamura, Mikio Tahara, Masako Kanou, Fusao Sato
  • Patent number: 10475630
    Abstract: A sputtering target for the production of layers such as optical layers, the layers produced by the target, and a method for producing the target are described. In addition to Si or a combination of Si and Al, the sputtering target contains metal oxide(s), a combination of at least two metal oxides, or a combination containing at least one metal oxide in the form of an alloy or in the form of a mixture. The sputtering target has a metal oxide fraction generated by the Si and Al and the metal oxide(s) or the combination thereof. Preferably, the metal oxide in the sputtering target is a metal oxide selected from ZrO2, Ta2O5, Y2O3, HfO, CaO, MgO, Ce2O3, Al2O3, TiO2 and Nb2O5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Inventors: Christoph Simons, Carl Christoph Stahr, Jens Wagner
  • Patent number: 10424791
    Abstract: It is an assignment to be solved to provide an electrode for secondary battery, electrode in which the active material is suppressed from coming off or falling down from the electricity collector, and that has excellent cyclic performance. It is characterized in that, in an electrode for secondary battery, the electrode being manufactured via an application step of applying a binder resin and an active material onto a surface of electricity collector, said hinder resin is an alkoxysilyl group-containing resin that has a structure being specified by formula (I): wherein “R1” is an alkyl group whose number of carbon atoms is from 1 to 8; “R2” is an alkyl group or alkoxyl group whose number of carbon atoms is from 1 to 8; and “q” is an integer of from 1 to 100.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Assignee: Arakawa Chemical Industries, Ltd
    Inventors: Hitotoshi Murase, Toshio Otagiri, Kyoichi Kinoshita, Katsufumi Tanaka, Manabu Miyoshi
  • Patent number: 10308814
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a coating composition producible from at least one yttrium-containing precursor, a solvent A, and a solvent B, which is different from the solvent A, the ratio of the vapor pressure of the solvent A at 20° C. to the vapor pressure of solvent B at 20° C. being p A p B ? 10 , to methods for producing it, and to its use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Duy Vu Pham, Dennis Weber, Felix Jaehnike
  • Patent number: 10228561
    Abstract: An example see-through head-mounted display system includes a freeform prism and a display device configured to emit display light through the freeform prism to an eye of a user. The see-through head-mounted display system may also include an imaging device configured to receive gaze-detection light reflected from the eye and directed through the freeform prism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Inventors: Steve Robbins, Scott McEldowney, Xinye Lou, David Nister, Drew Steedly, Quentin Simon Charles Miller, David D Bohn, James Peele Terrell, Jr., Andrew C. Goris, Nathan Ackerman
  • Patent number: 10230141
    Abstract: A rechargeable energy storage device according to the invention is based on a metal-air battery, in which a gas electrode is used and an ion-conducting or proton-conducting membrane is used as the electrolyte. In contrast to the known metal-air batteries, the active component on the side of the electrolyte membrane opposite the gas electrode is present in the form of a liquid medium in the energy storage device according to the invention. The liquid-medium/gas battery according to the invention comprises a receptacle, which includes a medium in liquid form as the active material at the operating temperature of the battery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Inventors: Sven Uhlenbruck, Martin Finsterbusch, Eva Maria Hammer, Hans Peter Buchkremer
  • Patent number: 10112796
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing an aerogel sheet. The method for manufacturing the aerogel sheet includes: a step (a) of preparing silica sol; a step (b) of preparing a gelling catalyst; a step (c) of injecting the silica sol, which is prepared in the step (a), to a surface of a blanket to impregnate the silica sol; a step (d) of injecting the gelling catalyst, which is prepared in step (b), to the surface of the blanket, into which the silica sol is impregnated, to gelate the silica sol; and a step (e) of cutting the blanket, in which the silica sol is gelated, to obtain a sheet in which the silica sol is gelated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: LG CHEM, LTD.
    Inventors: Ye Hon Kim, Je Kyun Lee, Kyoung Shil Oh
  • Patent number: 10094237
    Abstract: Environmental barrier coatings for high temperature ceramic components including a bond coat layer; an optional silica layer; and at least one transition layer including: from about 85% to about 100% by volume of the transition layer of a primary transition material including a rare earth disilicate, or a doped rare earth disilicate; and from 0% to about 15% by volume of the transition layer of a secondary material selected from Fe2O3, iron silicates, rare earth iron oxides, Al2O3, mullite, rare earth aluminates, rare earth aluminosilicates, TiO2, rare earth titanates, Ga2O3, rare earth gallates, NiO, nickel silicates, rare earth nickel oxides, Lnb metals, Lnb2O3, Lnb2Si2O7, Lnb2SiO5, borosilicate glass, alkaline earth silicates, alkaline earth rare earth oxides, alkaline earth rare earth silicates, and mixtures thereof; where the transition layer is applied to the component as a slurry including at least an organic solvent, the primary transition material and at least one slurry sintering aid, and where a re
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Glen Harold Kirby, Brett Allen Boutwell
  • Patent number: 10074752
    Abstract: A conductive paste may include a conductive powder, metallic glass, a metal precursor including an element forming a solid solution with the metallic glass, and an organic vehicle, and an electronic device and a solar cell may include an electrode formed using the conductive paste.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sang Soo Jee, Suk Jun Kim, Eun Sung Lee, Se Yun Kim, Jin Man Park
  • Patent number: 10028336
    Abstract: Flash light is emitted from flash lamps to the surface of a semiconductor substrate on which a metal layer has been formed for one second or less to momentarily raise temperature on the surface of the semiconductor substrate including the metal layer and an impurity region to a processing temperature of 1000° C. or more. Heat treatment is performed by emitting flash light to the surface of the semiconductor substrate in a forming gas atmosphere containing hydrogen. By heating the surface of the semiconductor substrate to a high temperature in the forming gas atmosphere for an extremely short time period, contact resistance can be reduced without desorbing hydrogen taken in the vicinity of an interface of a gate oxide film for hydrogen termination.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: SCREEN Holdings Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takayuki Aoyama, Shinichi Kato
  • Patent number: 9890089
    Abstract: A rare earth silicate-based hermetic layer includes a thermal sprayed coating including a rare earth silicate having a hermetic microstructure. An environmental barrier coating includes a bond coat layer including silicon; and at least one rare earth silicate-based hermetic layer deposited on the bond coat layer by thermal spraying. The rare earth silicate-based hermetic layer includes a thermal sprayed coating including a rare earth silicate having a hermetic microstructure. An article for service in extreme environments may be provided with such an environmental barrier coating. A thermal spray feedstock for producing a rare earth silicate-based hermetic layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2018
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Glen Harold Kirby, Nicholas Edward Antolino, Luc Stephane Leblanc
  • Patent number: 9776926
    Abstract: A zirconia sintered body, where when cross-sectional area of each zirconia crystal-grain is calculated in image of cross section of zirconia sintered body, converted crystal-grain size of each zirconia crystal-grain is calculated based on cross-sectional area where each zirconia crystal-grain has circular cross-sectional shape, zirconia crystal-grains are classified into class of <0.4 ?m, class of ?0.4 and <0.76 ?m, and class of ?0.76 ?m based on converted crystal-grain size, total cross-sectional area of zirconia crystal-grains is calculated in each of classes, and rate of cross-sectional area to total cross-sectional area of all zirconia crystal-grains whose cross-sectional area has been calculated is calculated in each class, rate of cross-sectional area of zirconia crystal-grains in class of <0.4 ?m is 4% to 35%, rate of cross-sectional area of zirconia crystal-grains in class of ?0.4 and <0.76 ?m is 24% to 57%, and rate of cross-sectional area of zirconia crystal-grains in class of ?0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Inventors: Yoshihisa Yamada, Atsushi Matsumoto, Yoshihisa Ito
  • Patent number: 9625723
    Abstract: An example see-through head-mounted display system includes a freeform prism and a display device configured to emit display light through the freeform prism to an eye of a user. The see-through head-mounted display system may also include an imaging device having an entrance pupil positioned at a back focal plane of the freeform prism, the imaging device configured to receive gaze-detection light reflected from the eye and directed through the freeform prism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Inventors: Xinye Lou, Scott McEldowney, Steve Robbins
  • Patent number: 9327245
    Abstract: Metallic-ceramic composite membranes and methods for producing the metallic-ceramic composite membranes are disclosed. The metallic-ceramic composite membranes include the advantages of a metallic substrate relative to known ceramic substrates, such as high permeability, better mechanical properties, and corrosion resistance, and the advantages of a ceramic membrane, such as high permeability, high permselectivity, mechanic strength, and thermal stability. Therefore, a three-layer metallic-ceramic composite membrane, including a porous metallic substrate, a first, intermediate mesoporous ?-alumina membrane layer, and a second, top mesoporous ?-alumina membrane layer, is disclosed. Because of the high mechanical strength of the metallic-ceramic composite membrane and because the pores of the second mesoporous ?-alumina membrane have a narrow size distribution and average size of about 2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Inventors: Sanam Abedini, Nader Parvin, Parviz Ashtari
  • Patent number: 9187825
    Abstract: A method of depositing an electrically conductive titanium oxide coating on a glass substrate, preferably by atmospheric chemical vapor deposition in a float glass manufacturing process, utilizes a precursor gas mixture including a halogenated, inorganic titanium compound, an organic oxygen containing compound, a reducing gas and one or more inert carrier gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Inventor: David A. Strickler
  • Patent number: 9156995
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for preparing sols of metal oxides, with an aqueous component, which are stable over time and which notably allow the making of thin films having both remarkable optical and abrasion resistance properties. This method comprises: (i) replacing with water all or part of the alcohol or of the alcohols present in an alcoholic sol of a metal oxide, with a neutral or basic pH, and optionally (ii) adjusting the pH of the thereby obtained aqueous or partly aqueous sol to a value of at least 8. The invention also relates to a method for making films from these sols and, in particular, thin films with optical properties and resistant to abrasion. Applications: making optical components for power lasers, making optical fibers, cathodic tubes, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Inventors: Philippe Belleville, Philippe Prene, Xavier Le Guevel
  • Patent number: 9011104
    Abstract: An article, such as a bucket, a blade, a nozzle, a vane, a strut, a fuel nozzle, a combustion casing, and a transition piece, the article having a damping coating comprising approximately 8 wt % to approximately 15 wt % Y2O3 and approximately 19 wt % to approximately 28 wt % Ta2O5 with the balanced weight of ZrO2 is presented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: John McConnell Delvaux, Yuk-Chiu Lau
  • Patent number: 8999450
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a method for manufacturing a substrate having a metal complex film on the surface thereof. According to the present invention, a metal salt-containing composition containing a metal salt, a polyvalent carboxylic acid having a cis-form structure, and a solvent, in which: the molar ratio of the polyvalent carboxylic acid to the metal salt is not less than 0.5 and not more than 4.0; the moisture content of the composition is not less than 0.05% by weight is used in an application method to apply on a substrate. Thereafter, a two-step heat treatment is carried out.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Dai-Ichi Kogyo Seiyaku Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuteru Saito, Naoki Ike
  • Patent number: 8993058
    Abstract: Described are apparatus and methods for forming tantalum silicate layers on germanium or III-V materials. Such tantalum silicate layers may have Si/(Ta+Si) atomic ratios from about 0.01 to about 0.15. The tantalum silicate layers may be formed by atomic layer deposition of silicon oxide and tantalum oxide, followed by interdiffusion of the silicon oxide and tantalum oxide layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey W. Anthis, Khaled Z. Ahmed
  • Patent number: 8986841
    Abstract: A process for reinforcing a glass-ceramic article, into which a maximum tension is introduced beneath the surface of the glass-ceramic, advantageously in proximity to said surface. The invention also relates to an enamel that can be used for this reinforcement, this enamel being formed from a glass frit having the following composition, the proportions being expressed as weight percentages: SiO2 50-66% MgO 3-8% Na2O ?7-15% K2O 0-3% Li2O ?0-12% CaO ?0-10% BaO ?0-15% Al2O3 0-3% ZrO2 0-3% ZnO 0-5% B2O3 0-8% the sum of the alkaline-earth metal oxides CaO+BaO moreover being between 8 and 15%, and the sum of the alkali metal oxides Na2O+K2O+Li2O moreover being between 7 and 20%. The reinforced glass-ceramics obtained by the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Eurokera S.N.C.
    Inventors: Stephanie Pelletier, Marie-Helene Chopinet, Caroline Faillat, Marie-Helene Rouillon, Pablo Vilato
  • Publication number: 20150030863
    Abstract: An antimicrobial ceramic glazing composition contains one or more antimicrobial agents disposed therein. Methods for making and using the glazing composition are disclosed, as well as substrates having a fired antimicrobial glaze thereon. The antimicrobial agents comprise metallic oxides, with a subset of the disclosed combinations exhibiting synergistic effect in fired glazes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventor: Alvin Lamar Campbell, JR.
  • Patent number: 8920878
    Abstract: In a known method, a SiO2 slip layer is applied to a basic quartz glass body by means of spraying on an SiO2 slip, the slip layer is dried and sintered to form an SiO2-containing functional layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Heraeus Quarzglas GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Waltraud Werdecker, Gerrit Scheich, Christian Schenk
  • Patent number: 8888915
    Abstract: A high-purity vitreous silica crucible which has high strength and is used for pulling a large-diameter single-crystal silicon ingot, includes a double laminated structure constituted by an outer layer composed of amorphous silica glass with a bubble content of 1 to 10% and a purity of 99.99% or higher and an inner layer composed of amorphous silica glass with a bubble content of 0.6% or less and a purity of 99.99% or higher, and in the portion between the upper opening end of the high-purity vitreous silica crucible and the ingot-pulling start line of a silicon melt surface in the step of pulling a single-crystal silicon ingot, a portion corresponding to 40 to 100 volume % from the upper opening end of the crucible is in a crystalline structure free from the crystallization promoter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Japan Super Quartz Corporation
    Inventor: Tadahiro Sato
  • Publication number: 20140311564
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a ZnMgO film includes the steps of in order: dissolving a zinc material and a magnesium material in an aqueous ammonia solution having a temperature at which, in an aqueous solution state diagram which represents ion concentrations on a vertical axis and pH on a horizontal axis, a line a demarcated by a region where Zn(OH)2 precipitates and a region where ZnO22? can exist is positioned on a low pH side from a line ? demarcated by a region where magnesium ions can exist and a region where Mg(OH)2 precipitates, and adjusting the pH of the aqueous ammonium solution and the zinc ion concentration and magnesium ion concentration in the aqueous ammonia solution within a region lying between the line a and line ?; elevating the temperature of the aqueous ammonia solution to a temperature at which Zn(OH)2 and Mg(OH)2 precipitate; and firing the precipitate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 25, 2012
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Inventors: Ryosuke Maekawa, Hiroki Awano, Tomoya Matsunaga, Yuichiro Takeda, Takenobu Sakai
  • Publication number: 20140272167
    Abstract: A solid amorphous silica-rich aluminosilicate composition is stable at temperatures up to 1500° C. or above and is capable of sustained use as a coating under high to extreme temperature conditions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Applied Thin Films, Inc.
    Inventors: Sankar SAMBASIVAN, Vikram Sharad KAUL, Francis Richard CHAPMAN, Jeffrey William DONELAN
  • Patent number: 8835080
    Abstract: A membrane-electrode assembly a solid electrolyte type-structure including a first electrode, an electrolyte membrane, and a second electrode and is formed on one single face of a porous metal support. The electrolyte membrane is obtained by firing a first electrolyte film formed on the first electrode and a second electrolyte film, which has a higher degree of fluidity than the degree of fluidity of the first electrolyte film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Naoki Ito
  • Patent number: 8815327
    Abstract: The present invention provides a functionally graded glass/ceramic/glass sandwich system for use in damage resistant, ceramic and orthopedic prosthesis. The functionally graded glass/substrate/glass composite structure comprises an outer residual glass layer, a graded glass-ceramic layer, and a dense interior ceramic. The functionally graded glass/substrate/glass composite structure may further comprise a veneer on an exterior surface. The present invention also provides a method for preparing a functionally graded glass/ceramic/glass sandwich system. A powdered glass-ceramic composition is applied to the accessible surfaces of a presintered zirconia substrate to thereby substantially cover the substrate surfaces. The glass of the composition has a CTE similar to that of the substrate material. The glass-ceramic composition is infiltrated into and densifies the substrate by heating the assembly to at least the sintering temperature of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: New York University
    Inventors: Yu Zhang, Jae-Won Kim
  • Patent number: 8808407
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a lithium ion secondary battery comprising the steps of: forming a laminate by laminating an electrolyte green sheet and a positive electrode green sheet; and sintering the laminate is provided. At least one of the electrolyte green sheet and the positive electrode green sheet contains an amorphous oxide glass powder in which a crystalline having a lithium ion conducting property is precipitated in the step of sintering. A solid state battery produced in accordance with the method is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Ohara Inc.
    Inventor: Yasushi Inda
  • Patent number: 8778455
    Abstract: A composition that upon firing, forms a non-stick enamel layer is disclosed. The composition can be applied to a metal substrate to provide a non-stick, durable coating for cooking surfaces. Also disclosed are methods of forming enamel layers and corresponding coated substrates. Various ground coats and related methods are also described. Furthermore, various multilayer coatings and structures are disclosed that include an enamel layer and a ground coat layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Ferro Corporation
    Inventors: Albert L. Benford, Jr., Andrew Gorecki, Louis J. Gazo, Charles A. Baldwin
  • Patent number: 8771632
    Abstract: A method of forming a metal oxide nanostructure comprises disposing a chelated oligomeric metal oxide precursor on a solvent-soluble template to form a first structure comprising a deformable chelated oligomeric metal oxide precursor layer; setting the deformable chelated oligomeric metal oxide precursor layer to form a second structure comprising a set metal oxide precursor layer; dissolving the solvent-soluble template with a solvent to form a third structure comprising the set metal oxide precursor layer; and thermally treating the third structure to form the metal oxide nanostructure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Ho-Cheol Kim, Robert D. Miller, Oun Ho Park
  • Patent number: 8771791
    Abstract: Atomic layer deposition is performed by reciprocating a susceptor in two directions, subjecting a substrate on the susceptor to two different sequences of processes. By subjecting the susceptor to different sequences of processes, the substrate undergoes different processes that otherwise would have required an additional set of injectors or reactors. The reduced number of injectors or reactors enables a more compact deposition device, and reduces the cost associated with the deposition device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Veeco ALD Inc.
    Inventors: Sang In Lee, Chang Wan Hwang
  • Patent number: 8758858
    Abstract: A method of creating a plasma-resistant thermal oxide coating on a surface of an article, where the article is comprised of a metal or metal alloy which is typically selected from the group consisting of yttrium, neodymium, samarium, terbium, dysprosium, erbium, ytterbium, scandium, hafnium, niobium or combinations thereof. The oxide coating is formed using a time-temperature profile which includes an initial rapid heating rage, followed by a gradual decrease in heating rate, to produce an oxide coating structure which is columnar in nature. The grain size of the crystals which make up the oxide coating is larger at the surface of the oxide coating than at the interface between the oxide coating and the metal or metal alloy substrate, and the oxide coating is in compression at the interface between the oxide coating and the metal or metal alloy substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Jennifer Y. Sun, Li Xu, Kenneth S. Collins, Thomas Graves, Ren-Guan Duan, Senh Thach
  • Patent number: 8734895
    Abstract: In order to provide grease, oil and wax resistance to a paper substrate, a coating containing a binder, a filler material and calcium carbonate is used. The coating of the invention is essentially free from fluorocarbons, which are considered harmful to human and animal populations, and surfactants and other chemicals which may alter the color of the coated paper. The coated paper has a GE brightness level between approximately 50 and approximately 90, while providing superior grease, oil and wax resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Spectra-Kote Corporation
    Inventor: Charles W. Propst, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8703294
    Abstract: The present invention provides a functionally graded bioactive glass/ceramic composite structure or bioactive glass/ceramic/bioactive glass sandwich structure for use in such applications as damage resistant, ceramic dental implants, immediate tooth replacement, endodontic posts, orthopedic prostheses, orthopedic stems, bone substitutes, bone screws, plates, and anchors, nonunion defects repair, alveolar ridge augmentation, missing small bone parts (e.g. fingers, toes, etc), maxilla facial reconstruction, spinal fusion, and scaffolds for bone regeneration, comprising a residual bioactive glass or glass-ceramic layer at all accessible surfaces, followed by an underlying graded glass-ceramic layer, and then an dense interior ceramic. Further, the invention provides methods for making the same structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: New York University
    Inventors: Yu Zhang, Racquel Legeros, Jae-Won Kim
  • Patent number: 8679588
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods of making articles, and systems for providing wool article have self-cleaning properties. The self-cleaning properties are brought about coating the wool articles with a photocatalyst formulation. The formulation contains titanium compounds, stabilizers, catalysts, and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignees: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Australian Wool Inovation Limited
    Inventors: Walid Abdelhamid Daoud, Sze Kar Leung, Wing Sze Tung, Hao Zhong John Xin, Ka Leung Kevin Cheuk, Xiaowen Wang, Yee Yee Kong, Kaihong Qi
  • Patent number: 8679587
    Abstract: Disclosed embodiments concern solution deposition of at least a first inorganic compound on a substrate, typically for production of electronic devices, such as solution deposition of metal salts, including halides, carbonyls, acetates, sulfates, phosphates, carbonates, and mixtures thereof. Solutions may be deposited using any suitable process, particularly inkjet printing or spin coating. The method can involve depositing only a first solution, depositing a first solution plural times, or deposition of plural different solutions. Furthermore, the method may involve simultaneous or serial deposition of two or more solutions. The method may further comprise post deposition processing the deposited material, such as thermal annealing, oxidation processes, reduction processes, exchange reactions, and combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: State of Oregon acting by and through the State Board of Higher Education action on Behalf of Oregon State University
    Inventors: Chih-hung Chang, Do-Hyoung Lee, Yu-Jen Chang
  • Patent number: 8673400
    Abstract: Methods for improving surface roughness of an environmental barrier coating involving providing a component having a plasma sprayed environmental barrier coating; applying a slurry to the environmental barrier coating of the component, the slurry being a transition layer slurry or an outer layer slurry; drying the environmental barrier coating having the applied slurry; and sintering the component to produce a component having an improved surface roughness wherein the slurry includes water; a primary transition material, or a primary outer material; and a slurry sintering aid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Glen Harold Kirby, Brett Allen Boutwell, Jessica L. Subit
  • Patent number: 8668963
    Abstract: A method for diffusing metal particles including a composite layer deposited on a substrate, with the composite layer further including at least one dielectric matrix, and where the diffusion of the metal particles towards the substrate is achieved by means of a plasma treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignees: Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
    Inventors: Laurent Bedel, Cyril Cayron, Michel Jouve, Francis Maury, Etienne Quesnel
  • Patent number: 8663739
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of manufacturing a mat containing aerogel and to a mat manufactured using this method. A method of manufacturing a mat containing silica aerogel according to an aspect of the invention includes: (S1) producing a wet gel by mixing water glass and alcohol in a reactor; (S2) modifying a surface of the wet gel by adding an organic silane compound and an organic solvent to the reactor and mixing; (S3) separating a upper liquid from a solution in the reactor and impregnating a fibrous matrix with the upper liquid; and (S4) drying the fibrous matrix impregnated with the upper liquid. According to an aspect of the invention, a mat containing silica aerogel can be manufactured using only water glass as raw material, even when applying the drying process in an ambient environment, without using expensive materials or supercritical apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventors: Jeong-Gu Yeo, Young-Soo Ahn, Churl-Hee Cho, Jeong Min Hong
  • Patent number: 8628611
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a rheology modifier for ceramic glazes comprising a water-swellable granulated clay, a carboxymethyl cellulose and possibly another natural gum. In another aspect the invention relates to the ceramic glaze and the glaze slip obtained using the above rheology modifier, which can be used for glazing green or fired ceramic bodies such as artware, tableware, tile, heavy clays products and sanitaryware.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: Lamberti SpA
    Inventors: Stefano Crespi, Marco Antoniotti, Giuseppe Li Bassi, Giovanni Floridi
  • Patent number: 8623461
    Abstract: A metal component (10) with a protective coating (16) containing silicon and a process for forming such protective coatings (14). The protective coating (16) is formed by applying a silicon-containing fluid composition to the metal component (10) as a silicon-containing layer (12) and heating the silicon-containing layer (12) to a temperature exceeding 400° F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: MT Coatings LLC
    Inventor: David C. Fairbourn
  • Patent number: 8617652
    Abstract: Embodiments relate to depositing on one or more layers of materials on a fiber or fiber containing material using atomic layer deposition (ALD) to provide or enhance functionalities of the fibers or fiber containing material. A layer of material is deposited coated on the fibers or fiber containing textile by causing the relative movement between a fiber or the fiber containing textile and a source injector. The surface of the material is oxidized, nitrified or carbonized to increase the volume of the deposited material. By increasing the volume of the material, the material is subject to compressive stress. The compressive stress renders the fibers or the fiber containing material more rigid, stronger and more resistant against bending force, impact or tensile force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Veeco ALD Inc.
    Inventor: Sang In Lee
  • Patent number: 8617703
    Abstract: The gas barrier layered product of the present invention includes a base and a gas barrier layer. The gas barrier layer is formed of a composition that includes a hydrolyzed condensate of a compound (L) and a neutralized product of a polymer (X) containing a carboxyl group or a carboxylic acid anhydride group. The compound (L) includes a specific compound (A) that contains M1 (Al, Ti, or Zr) to which a hydrolyzable characteristic group is bonded and a specific compound (B) that contains Si to which a hydrolyzable characteristic group is bonded. At least part of —COO— group of the polymer (X) is neutralized with a metal ion having a valence of at least two. At least 80 mol % of the compound (B) is a compound expressed by a specific formula. The ratio of [the number of moles of M1 in the compound (A)]/[the number of moles Si in the compound (B)] is in the range of 0.1/99.9 to 30.0/70.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Kuraray Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Wataru Hirose, Tatsuya Oshita
  • Patent number: 8591992
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for forming a protective coating against high-temperature oxidation on a surface of a refractory composite material based on silicon and niobium, wherein chromium present on the surface to be protected is reacted with a reactive gas which contains silicon and oxygen in order to produce a composite coating having two phases, a first phase of which is an oxide phase based on silica which has viscoplastic properties and a second phase of which is based on silicon, chromium and oxygen, and wherein the first phase and second phase are coalesced at high temperature, which allows a protective coating to be formed in which the second phase acts as a reservoir to reform, during operation, the first phase by means of reaction with an oxidising gas. The invention is preferably used in the field of aeronautical engines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: ONERA (Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aérospatiales
    Inventors: Marie-Pierre Bacos, Pierre Josso
  • Patent number: 8591987
    Abstract: Methods of producing a multiferroic thin film material. The method includes the steps of providing a multiferroic precursor solution, subjecting the precursor solution to spin casting to produce a spin cast film, and heating the spin cast film. The precursor solution may include Bi(NO3)3.5H2O and Fe(NO3)3.9H2O in ethylene glycol to produce a bismuth ferrite film. Further, the thin film may be utilized in varied technological areas, including memory devices for information storage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Northrop Grumman Systems Corporation
    Inventors: Ronald Pirich, Nan-Loh Yang, Kai Su, I-Wei Chu
  • Patent number: 8591996
    Abstract: A method for whisker formation on the surface of aluminum-containing metallic alloy fibers and substrates provides a support structure for many technical, medical and pharmaceutical applications. The novel surface modification of metallic alloy fibers and other metallic substrates involves heating the fiber or substrate in air at temperatures ranging from approximately 800° C. to approximately 1000° C. for a period of time ranging from approximately 10 hours to approximately 100 hours to form whiskers. The use of a metal oxide coating with large ions, such as zirconium oxide, allows the formation of alumina whiskers while preserving the structural integrity of the metallic alloy substrate. Uses of the present invention include, but are not limited to an advanced catalyst support, a highly efficient filter medium, a support for implants and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: University of Central Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Weifeng Fei, Suresh C. Kuiry, Sudipta Seal