High Energy Electromagnetic Radiation Or High Energy Particles Utilized (e.g., Gamma Ray, X-ray, Atomic Particle, I.e., Alpha Ray, Beta Ray, High Energy Electron, Etc.) Patents (Class 427/551)
  • Patent number: 10399377
    Abstract: A method for providing a roller assembly for producing a decorative pattern on a wood material surface, wherein the roller assembly comprises at least one decorative paint roller and at least one structured lacquer application or embossing roller, and the structured lacquer application or embossing roller and the decorative paint roller are matched to create a structured decorative pattern, includes the steps of applying first the decorative paint roller and then the structured lacquer application roller on the wood material surface. The method uses at least two different decorative paint rollers for creating two different decorative patterns are matched with a structured lacquer application or embossing roller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: Flooring Technologies, Ltd.
    Inventors: Ralf Sczepan, Roger Braun
  • Patent number: 10392255
    Abstract: Cohesive carbon assemblies are prepared by obtaining a functionalized carbon starting material in the form of powder, particles, flakes, loose agglomerates, aqueous wet cake, or aqueous slurry, dispersing the carbon in water by mechanical agitation and/or refluxing, and substantially removing the water, typically by evaporation, whereby the cohesive assembly of carbon is formed. The method is suitable for preparing free-standing, monolithic assemblies of carbon nanotubes in the form of films, wafers, discs, fiber, or wire, having high carbon packing density and low electrical resistivity. The method is also suitable for preparing substrates coated with an adherent cohesive carbon assembly. The assemblies have various potential applications, such as electrodes or current collectors in electrochemical capacitors, fuel cells, and batteries, or as transparent conductors, conductive inks, pastes, and coatings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: Yazaki Corporation
    Inventors: Leonid Grigorian, Sean Imtiaz Brahim
  • Patent number: 10369526
    Abstract: A process for making an iron oxide impregnated carbon nanotube membrane. In this template-free and binder-free process, iron oxide nanoparticles are homogeneously dispersed onto the surface of carbon nanotubes by wet impregnation. The amount of iron oxide nanoparticles loaded on the carbon nanotubes range from 0.25-80% by weight per total weight of the doped carbon nanotubes. The iron oxide doped carbon nanotubes are then pressed to form a carbon nanotube disc which is then sintered at high temperatures to form a mixed matrix membrane of iron oxide nanoparticles homogeneously dispersed across a carbon nanotube matrix. Methods of characterizing porosity, hydrophilicity and fouling potential of the carbon nanotube membrane are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
    Inventors: Muataz Ali Atieh, Ihsanullah, Tahar Laoui
  • Patent number: 10323986
    Abstract: A method for determining the temperature of a strand comprises disposing the strand along a background radiator of known temperature. Receiving the strand using a spatially resolving thermal imaging sensor in front of the background radiator while the strand is being disposed along its longitudinal axis. Forming an integral across a measuring value area, the integral configured to detect a complete strand portion located in front of the background radiator of the thermal imaging sensor. deducing the temperature of the strand by comparing the formed integral with a reference value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: Sikora AG
    Inventors: Norbert Geerken, Hilmar Bolte, Harald Sikora
  • Patent number: 10093544
    Abstract: Cohesive carbon assemblies are prepared by obtaining a functionalized carbon starting material in the form of powder, particles, flakes, loose agglomerates, aqueous wet cake, or aqueous slurry, dispersing the carbon in water by mechanical agitation and/or refluxing, and substantially removing the water, typically by evaporation, whereby the cohesive assembly of carbon is formed. The method is suitable for preparing free-standing, monolithic assemblies of carbon nanotubes in the form of films, wafers, discs, fiber, or wire, having high carbon packing density and low electrical resistivity. The method is also suitable for preparing substrates coated with an adherent cohesive carbon assembly. The assemblies have various potential applications, such as electrodes or current collectors in electrochemical capacitors, fuel cells, and batteries, or as transparent conductors, conductive inks, pastes, and coatings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: YAZAKI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Leonid Grigorian, Sean Imtiaz Brahim
  • Patent number: 10014090
    Abstract: Disclosed here is a composition comprising at least one high-density carbon-nanotube-based monolith, said monolith comprising carbon nanotubes crosslinked by nanoparticles and having a density of at least 0.2 g/cm3. Also provided is a method for making the composition comprising: preparing a reaction mixture comprising a suspension and at least one catalyst, said suspension is a carbon nanotube suspension; curing the reaction mixture to produce a wet gel; drying the wet gel to produce a dry gel, said drying step is substantially free of supercritical drying and freeze drying; and pyrolyzing the dry gel to produce the composition comprising a high-density carbon-nanotube-based monolith. Exceptional combinations of properties are achieved including high conductive and mechanical properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Assignee: Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC
    Inventors: Marcus A. Worsley, Theodore F. Baumann, Juergen Biener, Supakit Charnvanichborikarn, Sergei Kucheyev, Elizabeth Montalvo, Swanee Shin, Elijah Tylski
  • Patent number: 9345152
    Abstract: A foam assembly includes a foam body, the foam body defining a plurality of through holes. The foam assembly further includes a colloid body formed by a first colloid portion formed on one of two opposing surfaces of the foam body, a second colloid portion formed on a second of two opposing surfaces of the foam body, and connecting portions extending through the through holes of the foam body from one opposing surface of the foam body to the other. A method for manufacturing the foam assembly and an electronic device using the foam assembly are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: FIH (Hong Kong) Limited
    Inventor: Chih-Wei Chang
  • Patent number: 9259689
    Abstract: A grafted nonwoven substrate is disclosed having average fiber sizes of 0.7 to 15 microns, and a void volume of 50 to 95%, and a polymer comprising anionic monomer units grafted to the surface of the nonwoven substrate. The article may be used as a filter element to purify or separate target materials, such as monoclonal antibodies (MAb), from a fluid mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Assignee: 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY
    Inventors: Clinton P. Waller, Jr., Douglas E. Weiss, Catherine A. Bothof, Kannan Seshadri
  • Patent number: 9064827
    Abstract: An object is to provide a semiconductor device with excellent reproducibility which is manufactured at low cost. A method for manufacturing a semiconductor device includes steps of forming a first electrode over a substrate; forming an insulating layer over the substrate and the first electrode; pressing a mold against the insulating layer to form an opening in the insulating layer; separating the mold from the insulating layer in which opening is formed; hardening the insulating layer in which the opening is formed to form a partition wall; forming a light-emitting layer over the first electrode and the partition wall; and forming a second electrode over the light-emitting layer. As a method for forming the partition wall, nano-imprinting is used. An insulating layer contains polysilane. The partition wall formed of a silicon oxide film is formed by UV light irradiation and heating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2015
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Teruyuki Fujii
  • Publication number: 20150147525
    Abstract: Methods for enabling or enhancing growth of carbon nanotubes on unconventional substrates. The method includes selecting an inactive substrate, which has surface properties that are not favorable to carbon nanotube growth. A surface of the inactive substrate is treated so as to increase a porosity of the same. CNTs are then grown on the surface having the increased porosity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2014
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: Government of the United States as Represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Benji Maruyama, Gordon A. Sargent, Ahmad E. Islam
  • Publication number: 20150125624
    Abstract: A three-dimensional article having spray-applied ink and a spray application process for three-dimensional articles are disclosed. The article includes a substrate and conductive ink spray-applied to a non-planar region of the substrate. The conductive ink on the non-planar region is at least a portion of a power trace, an antenna, a resistive heater, a conductive lead, a sensor, a functional electrical device, or a combination thereof. The process includes spray-applying conductive ink, ablating the conductive ink, photo-sintering the conductive ink, or a combination thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: Tyco Electronics Corporation
    Inventors: Forest I. Bohrer, Jeanine M.W. Olson
  • Publication number: 20150119494
    Abstract: Provided is a composite material having a nano structure grown on a carbon fiber with a high density. A method of manufacturing a composite material includes: modifying a surface of a carbon fiber by using an electron beam; growing a zinc oxide (ZnO) nano structure on the modified surface of the carbon fiber; and transferring the carbon fiber and the zinc oxide nano structure onto a polymer resin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Hyung Wook PARK, Deka Biplabkr, Kyung II Kong
  • Publication number: 20150104582
    Abstract: The present disclosure describes functional membranes and a method for making a functional membrane. The method includes providing a porous substrate, applying the at least one graftable species to the porous substrate, and treating the coated porous substrate with electron beam radiation to provide a functionalized membrane. The method includes forming a functionalized membrane comprising a gradient of grafted species attached to the porous substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Douglas E. Weiss, Clinton P. Waller, JR., Derek J. Dehn, Jonathan F. Hester
  • Patent number: 9005565
    Abstract: A method of forming graphene comprises supplying energy to at least a portion of an organic material monolayer disposed on a substrate. The energy is sufficient to carbonize the at least a portion of the monolayer exposed thereto to form a layer of graphene on the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Inventor: Hamid-Reza Jahangiri-Famenini
  • Publication number: 20150082556
    Abstract: Textiles are provided that include fibrous cellulosic materials having an ?-cellulose content of less than about 93%, the fibrous materials being spun, woven, knitted, or entangled. The fibrous cellulosic materials can be irradiated with a dose of ionizing radiation that is sufficient to increase the molecular weight of the cellulosic materials without causing significant depolymerization of the cellulosic materials. Methods of treating textiles that include irradiating the textiles are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 1, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventor: Marshall Medoff
  • Publication number: 20150086460
    Abstract: Provided is a method for producing a high-quality boron nitride film grown by using a borazine oligomer as a precursor through a metal catalyst effect. The method solves the problems, such as control of a gaseous precursor and vapor pressure control, occurring in CVD(Chemical vapor deposition) according to the related art, and a high-quality hexagonal boron nitride film is obtained through a simple process at low cost. In addition, the hexagonal boron nitride film may be coated onto various structures and materials. Further, selective coating is allowed so as to carry out coating in a predetermined area and scale-up is also allowed. Therefore, the method may be useful for coating applications of composite materials and various materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 18, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Myung Jong KIM, Sungchan PARK, Hyunjin CHO, Sukang BAE, Jin-Hyung PARK, Jung Ho KANG, Sang Ook KANG, Changhyup LEE
  • Publication number: 20150079306
    Abstract: In a method for repairing a component (40), in particular a turbine blade, the component (40) is positioned on a carrier (16) such that a repair site (42) of the component (40) faces away from the carrier (16). The component (40) is heated by means of a heating element (46) extending from the carrier (16) adjacent to the component (40). A raw material powder is applied onto the carrier (16) such that the component (40) is covered by the raw material powder. Electromagnetic or particle radiation is selectively irradiated onto the raw material powder applied onto the carrier (16) by means of an irradiation device (18) so as to produce a repair segment on the repair site (42) of the component (40) by an additive layer construction method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 17, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Henner Schoeneborn, Dieter Schwarze
  • Patent number: 8974871
    Abstract: A curing machine to cure a UV-curable adhesive adhering on a workpiece, the workpiece having a slot thereon and a hole on a sidewall of the slot. The hole receives the UV-curable adhesive, the curing machine can include a curing mechanism. The curing mechanism can include a base plate holding a curing assembly and the curing assembly can include a holding member, at least one UV lamp being coupled to the holding member. Axis of the at least one UV lamp can intersect with the holding member at an angle of less than 90 degrees. A workpiece being positioned on the base plate, the UV lamp can irradiate directly an inside or an outside of a sidewall through the hole in the sidewall of the slot.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignees: Fu Ding Electronical Technology (Jiashan) Co., Ltd., Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jun-Min Fei, Huo-Zhong Wu, Jian-Hua Xu
  • Publication number: 20150050514
    Abstract: A coating method for producing a function layer on mechanically loaded components or surfaces includes providing or applying a first material layer of a first material or substrate matrix having a mechanical flexibility higher than that of a second material on a substrate constituting the component or the surface, respectively, structuring the first material layer such that the material layer surface of the first material layer, which is opposite to the substrate, obtains a three-dimensionally moulded basic structure with projections and recesses, and coating the material layer surface of the first material layer with a second material layer of the second material in such a way that the second material layer adopts substantially the basic structure of the material layer surface with the projections and recesses. Also, surface layer structures can be produced by this method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Stefan Storm, Erhard Brandl, Dominik Raps
  • Publication number: 20150041429
    Abstract: A tool for use in fabricating an electronic component includes a plurality of processing modules and a transfer chamber in communication with each of the plurality of processing modules. The transfer chamber includes a component for transferring a structure to each of the plurality of processing modules. The plurality of processing modules and the transfer chamber are sealed from the surrounding environment and are under a vacuum. The plurality of processing modules includes a first module configured to perform a first process on the structure and a second module configured to perform a second process on the structure. The first process includes performing at least one shaping operation on the structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Xilin Peng, Jiaoming Qiu, Yonghua Chen, Michael Christopher Kautzky, Mark Thomas Kief
  • Patent number: 8952078
    Abstract: This invention relates to a printing ink and in particular to an ink for ink-jet printing which is cured by irradiation. The ink comprises at least one radiation-curable monomer; at least one passive thermoplastic resin; at least one radical photoinitiator; and at least one colouring agent; wherein the ink has a viscosity of less than 100 mPas at 25° C., and wherein the at least one passive resin is present at 2 to 15 wt % based on the total weight of the ink and has a molecular weight of 1,500 to 70,000.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Sericol Limited
    Inventor: Nigel Paul Gould
  • Publication number: 20150036978
    Abstract: A novel blazed grating spectral filter disclosed herein includes a multilayer stack of materials that is formed on a wedge-shaped substrate wherein the upper surface of the substrate is oriented at an angle relative the bottom surface of the substrate and wherein the angle corresponds to the blaze angle of the blazed grating filter. Various methods of forming such a filter are also disclosed such as, for example, performing a planarization process in a CMP tool to define the wedge-shaped substrate, thereafter forming the multilayer stack of materials above the upper planarized surface of the substrate and etching recesses into the multilayer stack.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2013
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicant: GLOBALFOUNDRIES Inc.
    Inventors: Lei Sun, Obert Reeves Wood, II
  • Publication number: 20150037566
    Abstract: A laminate having excellent abrasion resistance to physical stimuli such as dust. The laminate comprises a base layer, a hard coat layer and a top coat layer containing flaky metal oxide fine particles all of which are formed in the mentioned order. The flaky metal oxide fine particles are hardened by at least one method selected from the group consisting of ionizing material exposure, ionizing radiation exposure, infrared exposure, microwave exposure and high-temperature vapor exposure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 20, 2013
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicant: CENTRAL JAPAN RAILWAY COMPANY
    Inventors: Tatsuya Ekinaka, Takehiro Suga, Toshio Kita, Ryo Nimi, Yuta Toyoshima, Tetsuya Shichi, Daisuke Yoshioka, Makoto Yamashita, Sohei Okazaki, Yuji Kaneko
  • Publication number: 20150020861
    Abstract: A thermoelectric device and method based on creating a structure of nanoclusters in a composite metal and insulator material by co-depositing the metal and insulator material and irradiating the composite material to create nanoclusters of metal within the composite material. In one variation, the composite material may be continuously deposited and concurrently irradiated. A further variation based on a multilayer structure having alternate layers of metal/material mixture. The alternate layers have differing metal content. The layer structure is irradiated with ionizing radiation to produce nanoclusters in the layers. The differing metal content serves to quench the nanoclusters to isolate nanoclusters along the radiation track. The result is a thermoelectric device with a high figure of merit. In one embodiment, the multilayer structure is fabricated and then irradiated with high energy radiation penetrating the entire layer structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventor: Daryush ILA
  • Publication number: 20150004329
    Abstract: The disclosure is relates to nanotechnology and nanofabrication of few-crystal hexagonal graphene. The method includes contacting a copper film with a gas. The method further includes raising a temperature of the copper film to about 1000° C. over of period of about 40 minutes. The method further includes heating the copper film at about 1000° C. for a period of about 1 hour. The method further includes contacting the copper film with a carbon-containing gas for about 5 minutes. The method further includes cooling the copper film to room temperature to produce a graphene layer on the copper film.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventor: Hatem Abuhimd
  • Publication number: 20150004494
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a high electrochemical performance silicon/graphene composite anode structure. The electrochemical properties of silicon in the composite anode structure can be improved by graphene thin films. The thickness of the silicon thin film and the graphene thin films is less than 50 nm to prevent the composite anode structure from any volumetric change during the charge/discharge process. The manufacturing procedure starts with the formation of a Si/graphene unit layer, which includes an amorphous phase upper silicon thin film and a lower graphene thin film, on a copper foil current collector, so as to decrease the difference of conductivity between the silicon thin film and the copper foil current collector. Finally, the deposition is concluded with the formation of a graphene thin film on the topmost surface of the silicon thin film to prevent the surface of the anode structure from oxidation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2014
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Mori Tatsuhiro, Chih-Jung Chen, Tai-Feng Hung, Saad G. Mohamed, Ru-Shi Liu, Shu-Fen Hu, Hong-Zheng Lin, Yi-Qiao Lin, Chien-Ming Sung, Bing-Joe Hwang
  • Publication number: 20150004715
    Abstract: Encapsulated fluorescent metal nanoparticles for radiation detection comprising metal ions in an aqueous solution encapsulated in a nanocapsule, wherein the metal ions form atoms when exposed to gamma-ray initiated reduction of the ions and then aggregate to form fluorescent nanoparticles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: The Government of the United State of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Scott A. Trammell, Brett D. Martin
  • Publication number: 20140370377
    Abstract: In at least one embodiment, a battery is provided comprising an electron beam-treated current collector having an increased surface energy compared to an untreated current collector and an electrode disposed on a treated surface of the current collector. The electrode may include a water-soluble binder uniformly coating a surface of the current collector and the treated current collector may have a contact angle with the water-soluble binder of 70 degrees or less. The electron beam treatment may be applied to a moving current collector foil as part of a battery production process, prior to application of an electrode slurry.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2013
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventors: Kevin James Rhodes, Andrew Robert Drews, Christopher Michael Seubert, Mark Edward Nichols
  • Patent number: 8911833
    Abstract: Textiles are provided that include fibrous cellulosic materials having an ?-cellulose content of less than about 93%, the fibrous materials being spun, woven, knitted, or entangled. The fibrous cellulosic materials can be irradiated with a dose of ionizing radiation that is sufficient to increase the molecular weight of the cellulosic materials without causing significant depolymerization of the cellulosic materials. Methods of treating textiles that include irradiating the textiles are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Xyleco, Inc.
    Inventor: Marshall Medoff
  • Publication number: 20140363585
    Abstract: A machine, which is usable for additive manufacturing by sintering or melting of powder using an energy beam acting on a powder layer in a working zone, includes a device for producing a layer of the powder. The device includes a storage apparatus for storing the powder, a distributor for distributing the powder, a feeder for transferring the powder from the storage apparatus to the distributor, and a dose controller for controlling a quantity of the powder transferred from the storage apparatus to the distributor. The distributor travels over the working zone in order to distribute the powder in a layer having a final thickness adapted to the additive manufacturing. The storage apparatus is located above the working zone such that the feeder utilizes gravity. The feeder and the dose controller are movable with the distributor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventors: Frédéric Pialot, Gilles Walrand, Pierre Wiel
  • Publication number: 20140338191
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing includes printing a first plurality of patterned ink seed layers on a first side of a substrate. A second plurality of patterned ink seed layers are printed on a second side of the substrate. The first plurality of patterned ink seed layers and the second plurality of patterned ink seed layers are electroless plated with a first conductive material. A coating is printed over the first side of the substrate. A graphic design is printed on the second side of the substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 15, 2013
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: UNI-PIXEL DISPLAYS, INC.
    Inventor: Robert J. Petcavich
  • Patent number: 8889229
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for formation of a siliceous film containing nitrogen in a low concentration. The method according to the present invention comprises the steps of: applying a polysilazane composition on an engraved substrate surface, to form a coating layer; hardening the coating layer only in the part adjacent to the substrate surface, to form a covering film along the shape of the engraved substrate; and removing the polysilazane composition of the coating layer in the part not hardened in the above covering film-formation step. According to this method, two or more siliceous films can be formed and layered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: AA Electronics Materials USA Corp.
    Inventors: Tatsuro Nagahara, Masanobu Hayashi
  • Patent number: 8883266
    Abstract: A method of fabricating quantum confinements is provided. The method includes depositing, using a deposition apparatus, a material layer on a substrate, where the depositing includes irradiating the layer, before a cycle, during a cycle, and/or after a cycle of the deposition to alter nucleation of quantum confinements in the material layer to control a size and/or a shape of the quantum confinements. The quantum confinements can include quantum wells, nanowires, or quantum dots. The irradiation can be in-situ or ex-situ with respect to the deposition apparatus. The irradiation can include irradiation by photons, electrons, or ions. The deposition is can include atomic layer deposition, chemical vapor deposition, MOCVD, molecular beam epitaxy, evaporation, sputtering, or pulsed-laser deposition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignees: The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University, Honda Patents & Technologies North America, LLC
    Inventors: Timothy P. Holme, Andrei Iancu, Hee Joon Jung, Michael C Langston, Munekazu Motoyama, Friedrich B. Prinz, Takane Usui, Hitoshi Iwadate, Neil Dasgupta, Cheng-Chieh Chao
  • Publication number: 20140329027
    Abstract: Methods of forming gapfill silicon-containing layers are described. The methods may include providing or forming a silicon-and-hydrogen-containing layer on a patterned substrate. The methods include non-thermally treating the silicon-and-hydrogen-containing layer at low substrate temperature to increase the concentration of Si—Si bonds while the silicon-and-hydrogen-containing layer remains soft. The flaccid layer is able to adjust to the departure of hydrogen from the film and retain a high density without developing a stress. Film qualify is further improved by then inserting O between Si—Si bonds to expand the film in the trenches thereby converting the silicon-and-hydrogen-containing layer to a silicon-and-oxygen-containing layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2013
    Publication date: November 6, 2014
    Applicant: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Jingmei Liang, Nitin K. Ingle, Sukwon Hong, Abhishek Dube, DongQing Li
  • Publication number: 20140312002
    Abstract: A mechanism is provided for forming a nanodevice. A reservoir is filled with a conductive fluid, and a membrane is formed to separate the reservoir in the nanodevice. The membrane includes an electrode layer having a tunneling junction formed therein. The membrane is formed to have a nanopore formed through one or more other layers of the membrane such that the nanopore is aligned with the tunneling junction of the electrode layer. The tunneling junction of the electrode layer is narrowed to a narrowed size by electroplating or electroless deposition. When a voltage is applied to the electrode layer, a tunneling current is generated by a base in the tunneling junction to be measured as a current signature for distinguishing the base. When an organic coating is formed on an inside surface of the tunneling junction, transient bonds are formed between the electrode layer and the base.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2013
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Inventors: Hongbo Peng, Stephen M. Rossnagel, Ajay K. Royyuru, Gustavo A. Stolovitzky, Deqiang Wang
  • Publication number: 20140312003
    Abstract: A mechanism is provided for forming a nanodevice. A reservoir is filled with a conductive fluid, and a membrane is formed to separate the reservoir in the nanodevice. The membrane includes an electrode layer having a tunneling junction formed therein. The membrane is formed to have a nanopore formed through one or more other layers of the membrane such that the nanopore is aligned with the tunneling junction of the electrode layer. The tunneling junction of the electrode layer is narrowed to a narrowed size by electroplating or electroless deposition. When a voltage is applied to the electrode layer, a tunneling current is generated by a base in the tunneling junction to be measured as a current signature for distinguishing the base. When an organic coating is formed on an inside surface of the tunneling junction, transient bonds are formed between the electrode layer and the base.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 20, 2013
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Applicant: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Hongbo Peng, Stephen M. Rossnagel, Ajay K. Royyuru, Gustavo A. Stolovitzky, Deqiang Wang
  • Publication number: 20140315029
    Abstract: Matrix composite component repair processes are disclosed. The matrix composite repair process includes applying a repair material to a matrix composite component, securing the repair material to the matrix composite component with an external securing mechanism and curing the repair material to bond the repair material to the matrix composite component during the securing by the external securing mechanism. The matrix composite component is selected from the group consisting of a ceramic matrix composite, a polymer matrix composite, and a metal matrix composite. In another embodiment, the repair process includes applying a partially-cured repair material to a matrix composite component, and curing the repair material to bond the repair material to the matrix composite component, an external securing mechanism securing the repair material throughout a curing period, In another embodiment, the external securing mechanism is consumed or decomposed during the repair process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 17, 2013
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Applicant: General Electric Company
    Inventor: General Electric Company
  • Publication number: 20140291543
    Abstract: An insulation structure of high voltage electrodes includes an insulator having an exposed surface and a conductor portion, which includes a joint region in contact with the insulator, and a heat-resistant portion provided, along at least part of an edge of the joint region, in such a manner as to be adjacent to the exposed surface of the insulator. The heat-resistant portion is formed of an electrically conductive material whose melting point is higher than that of the conductor portion. The heat-resistant portion may be so provided as to have a gap between the insulator and the exposed surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2014
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: SEN CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masateru Sato, Hiroshi Matsushita
  • Publication number: 20140272030
    Abstract: A method and a system for producing a change in a medium. The method places in a vicinity of the medium an energy modulation agent. The method applies an initiation energy to the medium. The initiation energy interacts with the energy modulation agent to directly or indirectly produce the change in the medium. The energy modulation agent has a normal predominant emission of radiation in a first wavelength range outside of a second wavelength range (WR2) known to produce the change, but under exposure to the applied initiation energy produces the change. The system includes an initiation energy source configured to apply an initiation energy to the medium to activate the energy modulation agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: IMMUNOLIGHT, LLC.
    Inventors: Frederic Avery Bourke, JR., Zakaryae Fathi, Harold Walder, Wayne F. Beyer, JR.
  • Publication number: 20140263173
    Abstract: Methods for using an electron beam treatment performed on an amorphous carbon layer to form a treated amorphous carbon layer with high etching resistance are provided. In one embodiment, a method of treating an amorphous carbon film includes providing a substrate having a material layer disposed, forming an amorphous carbon layer on the material layer, and performing an electron beam treatment process on the amorphous carbon layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Craig ROSSLEE, Srinivas D. NEMANI, Dmitry LUBOMIRSKY, Ellie Y. YIEH
  • Publication number: 20140272183
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to methods for producing large scale nanostructured material comprising carbon nanotubes. Therefore, there is disclosed a method for making nanostructured materials comprising depositing carbon nanotubes onto at least one substrate via a deposition station, wherein depositing comprises transporting molecules to the substrate from a deposition fluid, such as liquid or gas. By using a substrate that is permeable to the carrier fluid, and allowing the carrier fluid to flow through the substrate by differential pressure filtration, a nanostructured material can be formed on the substrate, which may be removed, or may act as a part of the final component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 3, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: SELDON TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventors: Christopher H. Cooper, Alan G. Cummings, Mikhail Y. Starostin
  • Patent number: 8834967
    Abstract: A method of reducing the diameter of pores formed in a graphene sheet includes forming at least one pore having a first diameter in the graphene sheet such that the at least one pore is surrounded by passivated edges of the graphene sheet. The method further includes chemically reacting the passivated edges with a chemical compound. The method further includes forming a molecular brush at the passivated edges in response to the chemical reaction to define a second diameter that is less than the initial diameter of the at least one pore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Ahmed A. Maarouf, Glenn J. Martyna
  • Patent number: 8815337
    Abstract: Polymer-based optically-variable devices (OVDs) for security applications and methods for producing the same. The uniformity of thickness of the structure of such devices is optimized by controlling previously neglected process parameters such as the temperature distribution of the deposition nozzle, the substrate and the deposition drum, their emissivities, the micro-roughness of the substrate, and the rate of monomer re-evaporation. Re-evaporation is minimized by initiating radiation-curing within two seconds of monomer deposition. A method includes equipment reducing all sources of emissivity non-homogeneities, such as surface blemishes in the surface areas exposed to the substrate to preferentially fabricate substrates with haziness less than 5% and gloss greater than 90%. Controlling, a maximum variation of thickness of the transmissive layer of an OVD ensures that no appreciable color-shift variation is visible to the naked eye.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Sigma Laboratories of Arizona, LLC
    Inventors: Angelo Yializis, Gordon Goodyear
  • Publication number: 20140227560
    Abstract: Provided are a conductive layer and a method of manufacturing the same. The conductive layer is formed without, so called, a high temperature process but has suitable crystallinity, excellent transparency and excellent resistance characteristic, and the method of manufacturing the same is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 12, 2013
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: LG CHEM, LTD.
    Inventor: LG CHEM, LTD.
  • Publication number: 20140227455
    Abstract: A method of processing a flexible substrate includes providing a flexible substrate having a polymerized surface; emitting an electron beam; exposing the polymerized surface to the electron beam; modifying the polymerized surface by the exposure to the electron beam; and depositing a barrier layer on the modified surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 5, 2011
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
    Inventors: Gerd Hoffmann, Günter Klemm, Hans-Georg Lotz, Alexander Wolff
  • Patent number: 8796646
    Abstract: A method of depositing material onto a substrate at cryogenic temperatures using beam-induced deposition. A precursor gas is chosen from a group of compounds having a melting point that is lower than the cryogenic temperature of the substrate. Preferably the precursor gas is chosen from a group of compounds having a sticking coefficient that is between 0.5 and 0.8 at the desired cryogenic temperature. This will result in the precursor gas reaching equilibrium between precursor molecules adsorbed onto the substrate surface and precursor gas molecules desorbing from the substrate surface at the desired cryogenic temperature. Suitable precursor gases can comprise alkanes, alkenes, or alkynes. At a cryogenic temperature of between ?50° C. and ?85° C., hexane can be used as a precursor gas to deposit material; at a cryogenic temperature of between ?50° C. and ?180° C., propane can be used as a precursor gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Fei Company
    Inventors: Johannes Jacobus Lambertus Mulders, Petrus Hubertus Franciscus Trompenaars
  • Patent number: 8793866
    Abstract: A method provides a PMR transducer. In one aspect, the method includes forming a trench in an intermediate layer using reactive ion etch(es). The trench top is wider than its bottom. In this aspect, the method also includes providing a seed layer using atomic layer deposition and providing a PMR pole on the seed layer. Portion(s) of the seed layer and PMR pole reside in the trench. In another aspect, the method includes providing a mask including a trench having a top wider than its bottom. In this aspect, the method includes providing mask material in the trench, providing an intermediate layer on the mask material and removing the mask material to provide another trench in the intermediate layer. In this aspect, the method also includes providing a PMR pole in the additional trench.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Western Digital (Fremont), LLC
    Inventors: Jinqiu Zhang, Liubo Hong, Yong Shen, Yizhong Wang, Hai Sun, Li He
  • Publication number: 20140212596
    Abstract: A method of forming graphene comprises supplying energy to at least a portion of an organic material monolayer disposed on a substrate. The energy is sufficient to carbonize the at least a portion of the monolayer exposed thereto to form a layer of graphene on the substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2014
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Inventor: Hamid-Reza Jahangiri-Famenini
  • Publication number: 20140208949
    Abstract: A gas separation membrane, containing: a support; and a separating layer formed on the support, the separating layer containing a resin; the separating layer containing, at the side thereof opposite to the support, a hydrophilic modification treatment surface, the hydrophilic modification treatment surface involved in a layer having a film thickness of 0.1 ?m or less, and the hydrophilic modification treatment surface provided with a surface contact angle measured by using water thereon in the range of 60 degrees or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2014
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: FUJIFILM CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kenichi ISHIZUKA, Shigehide ITOU
  • Patent number: 8790863
    Abstract: In a method for imaging a solid state substrate, a vapor is condensed to an amorphous solid water condensate layer on a surface of a solid state substrate. Then an image of at least a portion of the substrate surface is produced by scanning an electron beam along the substrate surface through the water condensate layer. The water condensate layer integrity is maintained during electron beam scanning to prevent electron-beam contamination from reaching the substrate during electron beam scanning. Then one or more regions of the layer can be locally removed by directing an electron beam at the regions. A material layer can be deposited on top of the water condensate layer and any substrate surface exposed at the one or more regions, and the water condensate layer and regions of the material layer on top of the layer can be removed, leaving a patterned material layer on the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: President and Fellows of Harvard College
    Inventors: Daniel Branton, Anpan Han, Jene A. Golovchenko