Pretreatment Of Substrate Or Post-treatment Of Coated Substrate Patents (Class 427/532)
  • Patent number: 10090246
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides metal interconnect structures and fabrication methods thereof. An exemplary fabrication method of the metal interconnect structure includes providing a semiconductor substrate having a surface; forming a first metal layer on the surface of the semiconductor substrate; forming a dielectric layer on the first metal layer; forming contact through holes exposing a surface of the first metal layer, and trenches being over the contact through holes and connecting with the contact through holes in the dielectric layer; forming a first metal barrier layer on inner surfaces of the trenches and the contact through holes; forming a metal nitride barrier layer covering the first metal barrier layer on the inner surfaces of the trenches and the contact through holes; and forming a second metal layer to fill the trenches and the contact through holes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignees: SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING INTERNATIONAL (BEIJING) CORPORATION, SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING INTERNATIONAL (SHANGHAI) CORPORATION
    Inventor: Jiquan Liu
  • Patent number: 10071353
    Abstract: An aqueous radiation curable dispersant formulation includes water and styrene acrylic resin stabilized thioxanthone derivative photoinitiator particles dispersed in the water. The styrene acrylic resin stabilized thioxanthone derivative photo initiator particles have a volume-weighted mean diameter of less than 40 nm. The styrene acrylic resin stabilized thioxanthone derivative photo initiator particles include a water-insoluble, thioxanthone derivative photoinitiator core having one, two, or three units. When the water-insoluble, thioxanthone derivative photoinitiator core includes two units or three units, the units are covalently bonded together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Marcos A. Barreto Caban, Thomas W. Butler, Rodney David Stramel, Gregg A. Lane
  • Patent number: 9754542
    Abstract: An electrowetting display device including a display panel that includes a display area in which a plurality of pixels is partitioned by a partition wall and a non-display area, a data driver that applies data voltages to the pixels through a plurality of data lines, and a gate driver disposed in the non-display area to apply gate signals to the pixels through a plurality of gate lines. The pixels receive the data voltages in response to the gate signals and display gray scales corresponding to the data voltages, and the partition wall is extended in the non-display area to cover the gate driver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2017
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: SangGun Choi, TaeGyun Kim, Hyoungsub Lee, Woo Yong Sung, TaeWoon Cha
  • Patent number: 9694423
    Abstract: A method including: flowing a liquid carrier medium (12) having a supply (14) of metal particles (16) across a surface (20) of a substrate (10); directing an energy beam (30) through the flowing liquid carrier medium toward the surface; and heating at least some of the metal particles in the liquid carrier medium with the energy beam to form a metallic deposit (32) that is bonded to the substrate surface and that is covered by the liquid carrier medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2017
    Assignee: SIEMENS ENERGY, INC.
    Inventors: Gerald J. Bruck, Ahmed Kamel
  • Patent number: 9698708
    Abstract: Techniques and systems are disclosed for locomoting fuel-free nanomotors in a fluid. In one aspect of the disclosed technology, a system for locomoting fuel-free nanomotors can include an electrically-driven nanowire diode formed of two or more segments of different electrically conducting materials, a fluid container, and a mechanism that produces an electric field to drive the nanowire diode to locomote in the fluid. In another aspect, a system for locomoting fuel-free nanomotors can include a magnetically-propelled multi-segment nanowire motor formed of a magnetic segment and a flexible joint segment, a fluid container, and a mechanism that generates and controls a magnetic field to drive the multi-segment nanowire motor to locomote in the fluid. The disclosed fuel-free nanomotors can obviate fuel requirements and can be implemented for practical in vitro and in vivo biomedical applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2017
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventor: Joseph Wang
  • Patent number: 9522410
    Abstract: A thin film deposition apparatus includes a substrate supporting unit supporting a substrate, a deposition source evaporating a deposition material to supply a steam of the deposition material to the substrate, and a deposition source shifting unit moving the deposition source so that the deposition source is relatively shifted with respect to the substrate supporting unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignee: Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: SukWon Jung, YongSuk Lee, SangHyuk Hong
  • Patent number: 9415350
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides rewettable asymmetric membranes and methods of forming rewettable asymmetric membranes. More specifically, methods are provided for forming rewettable asymmetric membranes having a copolymer and a polymerized material retained within the porous substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2016
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Jinsheng Zhou, Jonathan F. Hester, Derek J. Dehn, Daniel P. Meehan, Robin E. Wright
  • Patent number: 9349604
    Abstract: A method is provided for forming a patterned topography on a substrate. The substrate is provided with features formed atop that constitute an existing topography, and a template for directed self-assembly (DSA) surrounds the exposed topography. Further to the method, the template is filled with a block copolymer (BCP) to cover the exposed topography, and then the BCP is annealed within the template to drive self-assembly in alignment with the topography. Developing the annealed BCP exposes a DSA pattern immediately overlying the topography.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2016
    Assignee: Tokyo Electron Limited
    Inventors: Benjamen M. Rathsack, Mark H. Somervell
  • Patent number: 9334474
    Abstract: A culture medium for growing at least one kind of cells is provided. The culture medium includes a carbon nanotube structure and a cell adhesion layer. The cell adhesion layer covers one surface of the carbon nanotube structure. The at least one kind of cells grows on the cell adhesion layer. In addition, a method for manufacturing a culture medium for growing at least one kind of cells is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2016
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Li Fan, Chen Feng, Wen-Mei Zhao
  • Patent number: 9233190
    Abstract: A culture medium includes a carbon nanotube structure and a hydrophilic layer. The culture medium is capable of culturing at least one neuron. The hydrophilic layer has a polar surface and is located on a surface of the carbon nanotube structure. The polar surface is located on a surface of the hydrophilic layer away from the carbon nanotube structure, and has a polarity attracted to a polarity of the at least one neuron.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Chen Feng, Li Fan, Wen-Mei Zhao
  • Patent number: 9229324
    Abstract: A method is disclosed to form a patterned template on a substrate, to direct orientation of a self-assemblable block copolymer. The method involves providing a resist layer of a positive tone resist on the substrate and overexposing the resist with actinic (e.g. UV) radiation by photolithography to expose a continuous region of the resist layer with a sub-resolution unexposed resist portion at the interface between the resist and the substrate. The resist portion remaining at the interface, after removal of the exposed region, provides a basis for a chemical epitaxy template. The method may allow for simple, direct photolithography to form a patterned chemical epitaxy template and optionally include an accurately co-aligned graphoepitaxy feature and/or a substrate alignment feature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2016
    Assignee: ASML NETHERLANDS B.V.
    Inventors: Harmeet Singh, Vadim Yevgenyevich Banine, Jozef Maria Finders, Sander Frederik Wuister, Roelof Koole, Emiel Peeters
  • Patent number: 9151946
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing an electrowetting display device includes a preliminary partition wall pattern formed on a lower substrate on which a pixel electrode of an oxide series and an insulation layer are formed. The preliminary partition wall pattern is disposed along a boundary of the pixel electrode. A water-repellent layer including a self-assembled monolayer having a hydrophobic property is formed on the lower substrate. A portion of the preliminary partition wall pattern and the water-repellent layer formed on the preliminary partition wall pattern are removed to form a partition wall pattern on the insulation layer and to form a water-repellent pattern on the pixel electrode and the insulation layer between partition walls of the partition wall patterns. A fluid layer is formed on the lower substrate on which the water-repellent pattern is formed. The lower substrate and an upper substrate are combined with each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2015
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Woo-Yong Sung, A-Ram Lee, Tae-Gyun Kim, Tae-Woon Cha, Sang-Gun Choi
  • Publication number: 20150145924
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of fabricating an electromechanical transducer film. The method includes treating a surface of a first electrode to be liquid-repellent, the first electrode being formed on one surface of a substrate, irradiating the surface of the first liquid-repellent electrode with an energy ray while moving an irradiation position in accordance with a shape of the electromechanical transducer film to be formed and a shape of an alignment mark to be formed, and forming the alignment mark by applying an application liquid to an area including a portion irradiated with the energy ray in accordance with the shape of the alignment mark in the irradiating step, the application liquid being applied by an inkjet method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2014
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventors: Akira SHIMOFUKU, Osamu Machida, Atsushi Takeuchi
  • Publication number: 20150144588
    Abstract: A method to control thermal energy transport uses mobile coherent interfaces in nanoscale ferroelectric films to scatter phonons. The thermal conductivity can be actively tuned, simply by applying an electrical potential across the ferroelectric material and thereby altering the density of these coherent boundaries to directly impact thermal transport at room temperature and above. The invention eliminates the necessity of using moving components or poor efficiency methods to control heat transfer, enabling a means of thermal energy control at the micro- and nano-scales.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 18, 2014
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventors: Jon Ihlefeld, Patrick Edward Hopkins
  • Publication number: 20150143792
    Abstract: A manufacturing method includes providing a substrate having one or more grooves formed therein. One or more coatings having one or more grooves formed therein are disposed on the substrate and in fluid communication with the one or more grooves in the substrate. A cover coating is disposed on a portion of an outermost surface of the one or more coatings, having one or more cooling outlets formed therein and in fluid communication with the one or more grooves in the one or more coatings. The substrate, the one or more coatings and the cover coating define therein a cooling network for cooling a component. A component having a cooling network defined therein a substrate, one or more coatings disposed on at least a portion of the substrate, and a cover coating disposed over at least a portion of an outermost coating of the one or more coatings.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Ronald Scott Bunker
  • Patent number: 9040123
    Abstract: According to the embodiments, a pattern formation method includes a process of formation of a self-assembly material layer containing at least a first segment and a second segment on a substrate having a guide layer, a process of formation of a neutralization coating on the self-assembly material layer, and a process of formation of a self-assembly pattern including a first region containing the first segment and a second region containing the second segment following phase separation of the self-assembly material layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA
    Inventors: Ayako Kawanishi, Tsukasa Azuma
  • Publication number: 20150140885
    Abstract: An insulating tape material, a method for production and usage thereof, for producing electrical insulation paper such as mica paper, which is contained in thermally conductive insulating tapes that are used for high-voltage insulation, for example. The insulating tape material has fiber reinforcement by means of a fabric, wherein the meshes of the fabric are filled by a particle composite which is preferably thermally conductive.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 4, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Florian Eder, Peter Gröppel, Michael Preibisch, Claus Rohr
  • Publication number: 20150140349
    Abstract: A display device comprises a display panel, a window layer and a coating formed of gel material. The window layer is formed on the display panel and the coating layer is formed on the window layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 13, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: EUNJUNG LEE, SEUNGBAE LEE, JONGHO CHONG
  • Publication number: 20150140230
    Abstract: A machine tool arranged to deliver an energy source through a processing head onto a work-piece, wherein; the machine-tool has a clamping mechanism arranged to temporarily receive the processing-head, or another machining or processing-head, to process a work-piece; the processing-head comprising one or more guiding mechanisms arranged to direct the energy source onto a work-piece and a processing-head docking-manifold arranged to have connected thereto one or more media to be, in use, supplied to the processing-head to facilitate processing of the work-piece; wherein the processing-head docking-manifold allows the one or more media to be supplied to the processing-head when the processing-head is connected to the clamping mechanism; and wherein the machine-tool also comprises at least one mechanism arranged to move a supply docking-manifold into and/or out of connection with the processing-head docking-manifold such that when the two manifolds are connected the or each media is supplied to the processing
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 10, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Jason B. Jones, Peter Coates
  • Patent number: 9034414
    Abstract: The object of the present invention is to provide a joint prosthesis, bearing material and a production method thereof, which suppresses wear in a sliding section and suppresses the production of abrasive powder even during repeated daily operation. To achieve the object, there is provided a biomaterial comprising: a substrate made of metal, alloy or ceramic; and a biocompatible material layer laminated on the substrate, wherein hydroxyl groups are formed on the substrate by surface-treating, while the biocompatible material layer comprises a polymer containing phosphorylcholine groups, the substrate and the biocompatible material layer are bound via a binder layer which is combined with the hydroxyl groups of the substrate and with the biocompatible material layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignees: KYOCERA MEDICAL CORPORATION, THE UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPORATION TOKYO MEDICAL AND DENTAL UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Masayuki Kyomoto, Kazuhiko Ishihara, Yasuhiko Iwasaki, Toru Moro, Kozo Nakamura, Yoshio Takatori, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Tomohiro Konno, Noboru Yamawaki
  • Patent number: 9034489
    Abstract: A coating composition which imparts antifog, antireflective, easy-cleaning, and/or antistatic properties to substrates coated therewith. The coating compositions utilize nanoparticles funtionalized with amine groups and/or protected amine groups, and amine-reactive groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Naiyong Jing, Zhigang Yu, Xue-hua Chen, Bangwei Xi, Appuswamy Devasenapathi, Wei De Liu, George Van Dyke Tiers, Justin A. Riddle, Deivaraj Theivanayagam Chairman, Michelle L. Legatt, Cecil V. Francis
  • Publication number: 20150132502
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for preparing a diamond carbon membrane on a surface of stainless steel, including: immersing the pretreated stainless steel into a solution of a biomass-derived carbonaceous mesophase in ethanol for several minutes, prior to taking out and air drying; or alternatively, spraying the solution of the biomass-derived carbonaceous mesophase in ethanol onto the stainless steel surface, to provide a layer of the biomass-derived carbonaceous mesophase film adhered on the stainless steel surface upon full volatilization of the solution on the surface; and then carrying out thermal treatment under a hydrogen atmosphere, to prepare the diamond carbon membrane on the stainless steel surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicants: Shanghai Switchdiy Digital Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    Inventors: BINYUAN ZHAO, BINHUI LUO, QIAN MEI, YIJIAN LAI, YUESHENG NING, LEI WANG, JIE ZHOU
  • Publication number: 20150132648
    Abstract: To inhibit degradation of charge and discharge cycle characteristics of a secondary battery. To suppress generation of defects due to expansion and contraction of an active material in a negative electrode. To inhibit deterioration of an electrode due to changes in its form. An electrode member including a current collector, an active material, and a porous body is used. The porous body is in contact with one surface of the current collector and includes a plurality of spaces. The active material is located in the space in the porous body. The space has a larger size than the active material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2014
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Nobuhiro INOUE, Ryota TAJIMA, Naoki KURIHARA, Junpei MOMO
  • Patent number: 9023423
    Abstract: A method of coating a metal substrate such as the components in second and third stages of gas turbine engines in order to increase the oxidation and corrosion resistance of the metal substrate under high temperature operating conditions, the method including the steps of forming a powdered mixture of a high-melt superalloy or MCrAlY component, where M comprises Fe, Ni and/or Co, and a low-melt component containing about 2-5 wt. % silicon, boron or hafnium, applying the powdered mixture to the surface of the metal substrate at room temperature using an atomized spray to form a uniform surface coating, and then heating the coated substrate surface under vacuum conditions to a temperature in the range of about 1900° F. to 2275° F. to obtain a uniform coating composition providing oxidation resistance to the underlying substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: David Vincent Bucci, Kivilcim Onal Hance, Warren Martin Andre Miglietti, Canan Uslu Hardwicke
  • Patent number: 9023435
    Abstract: Methods for making an environmental barrier coating using a sintering aid involving: applying a bond coat layer to the ceramic component; combining at least water and a primary transition material selected from a rare earth disilicate or a doped rare earth disilicate to produce a transition layer slurry; applying the transition layer slurry to the bond coat layer; infiltrating a sol-gel solution comprising at least one sintering aid into the applied slurry; and sintering the component to produce the environmental barrier coating having at least the bond coat layer and a transition layer formed from the transition layer slurry during sintering. During sintering the sintering aid dopes the primary transition material with at least one doping composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Glen Harold Kirby, Brett Allen Boutwell, Jessica L. Subit
  • Publication number: 20150118411
    Abstract: A method of producing a graphene coating on a stainless steel surface, the method comprising the steps of electrochemically polishing of the stainless steel surface, and heating the polished stainless steel surface in contact with a carbon precursor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: LUIS CARDENAS, JENNIFER MACLEOD, JOSH LIPTON-DUFFIN, FEDERICO ROSEI
  • Patent number: 9011710
    Abstract: Methods are disclosed for synthesizing nanocomposite materials including ferromagnetic nanoparticles with polymer shells formed by controlled surface polymerization. The polymer shells prevent the nanoparticles from forming agglomerates and preserve the size dispersion of the nanoparticles. The nanocomposite particles can be further networked in suitable polymer hosts to tune mechanical, optical, and thermal properties of the final composite polymer system. An exemplary method includes forming a polymer shell on a nanoparticle surface by adding molecules of at least one monomer and optionally of at least one tethering agent to the nanoparticles, and then exposing to electromagnetic radiation at a wavelength selected to induce bonding between the nanoparticle and the molecules, to form a polymer shell bonded to the particle and optionally to a polymer host matrix. The nanocomposite materials can be used in various magneto-optic applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona
    Inventors: Palash Gangopadhyay, Alejandra Lopez-Santiago, Robert A. Norwood
  • Patent number: 9011981
    Abstract: A textile coating is made from a web of fibers including a first area and a second area. The first area is a cohesion area where the fibers of the web are integrated into a tight entanglement holding the fibers and located on only a portion of the thickness of the web. A method for making the textile coating includes: applying an alternating electric field to the web having at least one face bearing a heat-meltable powdery binder, thereby introducing said powdery binder into the web, so as to concentrate the binder at the first area, then melting the binder by supplying heat, and leaving the binder to cure or causing it to cure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Fibroline France
    Inventors: Vincent Bonin, Jerome Ville
  • Publication number: 20150104668
    Abstract: Metalized plastic substrates, and methods thereof are provided herein. The method includes providing a plastic having a plurality of accelerators dispersed in the plastic. The accelerators have a formula ABO3, wherein A is one or more elements selected from Groups 9, 10, and 11 of the Periodic Table of Elements, B is one or more elements selected from Groups 4B and 5B of the Periodic Table of Elements, and O is oxygen. The method includes the step of irradiating a surface of plastic substrate to expose at least a first accelerator. The method further includes plating the irradiated surface of the plastic substrate to form at least a first metal layer on the at least first accelerator, and then plating the first metal layer to form at least a second metal layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Qing GONG, Liang ZHOU, Weifeng MIAO, Xiong ZHANG
  • Publication number: 20150104583
    Abstract: A method for making a coating composition by mixing one or more latex polymers and an aliphatic epoxy resin system having an epoxy equivalent weight less than 1000 and being distinct from the one or more latex polymers to provide an aqueous first component, and providing a second component having reactive groups that can react with the one or more epoxy resins. A mixture of the first and second components provides a film-forming curable coating composition that may be used on substrates including cement, cement fiberboard, wood, metal, plastic, ceramic, glass and composites.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 16, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Archie W. Garner, T. Howard Killilea, Carl Lewis Cavallin, Todd A. Peterson, Kevin W. Evanson, Dan Hartinger, Larry B. Brandenburger
  • Patent number: 9005717
    Abstract: Methods for making an environmental barrier coating using a sintering aid involving: applying a bond coat layer to the ceramic component; combining at least an organic solvent and a primary transition material selected from a rare earth disilicate or a doped rare earth disilicate to produce a transition layer slurry; applying at least the transition layer slurry, and optionally an outer layer slurry and/or a compliant layer slurry to the component; and sintering the component to produce the environmental barrier coating. The sintering step causes a reaction between a slurry sintering aid and constituents of at least one of the transition, outer and compliant layers to form a secondary material and reduce porosity in the coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Glen Harold Kirby, Brett Allen Boutwell
  • Patent number: 9005552
    Abstract: Provided is a new catalyst capable of removing carbon monoxide economically without adding particular reaction gas externally. Also provided are a process for producing and an apparatus using such a catalyst. Impregnation of a Ni—Al composite oxide precursor of a nonstoichiometric composition prepared by the solution-spray plasma technique with a ruthenium salt to be supported and performing reduction treatment allows CO methanation reaction to selectively proceed even in the high-temperature range in which CO2 methanation reaction and reverse water-gas-shift reaction proceed preferentially with conventional catalysts. Selective CO methanation reaction occurs reproducibly with another Ni—Al composite oxide precursor or an additive metallic species.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: University of Yamanashi
    Inventors: Masahiro Watanabe, Hisao Yamashita, Kazutoshi Higashiyama, Toshihiro Miyao, Aihua Chen
  • Patent number: 9005716
    Abstract: Methods for making an environmental barrier coating using a sintering aid including combining at least an organic solvent and a primary transition material to produce a transition layer slurry; applying a bond coat layer and then the transition layer slurry to the component; drying the applied transition layer slurry; infiltrating into the dried transition layer slurry a sol-gel solution containing an aqueous or organic solvent solution of, respectively, a water-soluble or solvent-soluble salt sintering aid; and sintering the infiltrated transition layer slurry to produce the environmental barrier coating having at least the bond coat layer and a transition layer; wherein during sintering a reaction between the primary transition material and the sintering aid results in the transition layer having a porosity of from 0% to about 15% by volume of the transition layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Glen Harold Kirby, Brett Allen Boutwell
  • Patent number: 8999456
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a drug-releasing stent is provided. The method includes providing a titanium precursor, a carrier gas and a reactant gas in a plasma vacuum chamber, and generating a plasma for 1 to 6 hours to form a titanium oxide thin film on the surface of a stent. The method further includes providing steam or oxygen and hydrogen in the plasma vacuum chamber and generating a low-temperature plasma for 10 minutes to 2 hours to modify the surface of the titanium oxide thin film. The method further includes reacting the titanium oxide thin film of the stent with a drug in an acidic solution and under an inert gas atmosphere at room temperature to 100° C. for 30 minutes to 4 hours to attach the drug.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Industry Foundation of Chonnam National University
    Inventors: Dong Lyun Cho, Sun-Jung Song, Myung Ho Jeong, Kyoung Seok Kim, Yu Jeong Park
  • Patent number: 8999457
    Abstract: Methods for making an environmental barrier coating using a sintering aid involving: applying a bond coat layer to the ceramic component; combining at least water and a primary transition material selected from a rare earth disilicate or a doped rare earth disilicate to produce a transition layer slurry; applying at least the transition layer slurry, and optionally an outer layer slurry and/or compliant layer slurry to the component; and sintering the component to produce the environmental barrier coating. The sintering step causes a reaction between a slurry sintering aid and constituents of at least one of the transition, outer and compliant layers to form a secondary material and reduce porosity in the coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Glen Harold Kirby, Brett Allen Boutwell, Jessica L. Subit
  • Publication number: 20150090477
    Abstract: A multilayer structure comprises an insulation material, a conductive layer and a protective film. The conductive layer is disposed on the insulation material. The protective film is disposed on the surface of the conductive layer, and the surface area of the protective film is less than that of the conductive layer. A fingerprint identification device and a manufacturing method thereof are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Yi-Xin YANG, Din-Guo CHEN
  • Publication number: 20150086460
    Abstract: Provided is a method for producing a high-quality boron nitride film grown by using a borazine oligomer as a precursor through a metal catalyst effect. The method solves the problems, such as control of a gaseous precursor and vapor pressure control, occurring in CVD(Chemical vapor deposition) according to the related art, and a high-quality hexagonal boron nitride film is obtained through a simple process at low cost. In addition, the hexagonal boron nitride film may be coated onto various structures and materials. Further, selective coating is allowed so as to carry out coating in a predetermined area and scale-up is also allowed. Therefore, the method may be useful for coating applications of composite materials and various materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 18, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Myung Jong KIM, Sungchan PARK, Hyunjin CHO, Sukang BAE, Jin-Hyung PARK, Jung Ho KANG, Sang Ook KANG, Changhyup LEE
  • Patent number: 8986776
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing a microbial substance-releasing layer on a technical surface. The inventive method comprises three steps: a) producing a solution from polyvinylacetate, a preservative agent and a solvent, b) applying the solution to the technical surface, and c) drying the solution applied to the technical surface while forming the layer. The inventive method is characterized by using benzoic acid, sorbic acid, natamycin, bacteriocines, plant extracts or mixtures thereof as the preservative agent and an ethanol/water mixture, ethyl acetate or acetone as the solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Eva Kensbock, Theresa Sandmeier, Barbara Maria Sandmeier, Ulrich Matthias Sandmeier, Stephan Maximillian Sandmeier
  • Patent number: 8980387
    Abstract: A method of coating a surface, preparing a doped metal-ion precursor solution for coating, and an article including a component coated by the described method are disclosed. The method of coating includes applying a fluoro-silane doped metal-ion precursor solution on the surface to form a coated surface. The metal-ion precursor solution includes greater than about 0.6 molar percent concentration of a metal-ion precursor in a solvent comprising an alcohol. The method of preparing the doped metal-ion precursor solution includes dissolving a metal-ion precursor in a solvent comprising an alcohol at a temperature greater than about 100° C. and refluxing at a temperature greater than about 150° C. such that the concentration of metal-ion precursor in the solution is greater than 0.6 molar percent of the solution, and adding a fluoro-silane to the metal-ion precursor solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Kevin Paul McEvoy, Ambarish Jayant Kulkarni, James Anthony Ruud
  • Publication number: 20150064604
    Abstract: Atomic mixed metal electrodes, including electrodes containing a conductive polymer-mixed metal complex, as well as methods of making and using the same, are disclosed. In some embodiments, the atomic mixed metal electrode can be described as a conductive polymer-coated electrode having mixed metal clusters complexed to the conductive polymer at levels of between 2 and 10 metal atoms. A method for preparing the conductive polymer-mixed metal complexes is disclosed that can deposit metal atoms one at a time into a complex with the conductive polymer, allowing for highly tailored atomic clusters. A method of oxidizing alcohols, and the application to devices such as fuel cells are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 11, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: Alex P. Jonke, Miroslawa A. Josowicz, Jiri Janata
  • Publication number: 20150056364
    Abstract: Techniques for assembling a lipid bilayer on a substantially planar solid surface are described herein. In one example, a lipid material such as a lipid suspension is deposited on a substantially planar solid surface, a bubble filled with fast diffusing gas molecules is formed on the solid surface, and the gas molecules are allowed to diffuse out of the bubble to form a lipid bilayer on the solid surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Roger J.A. Chen, Randy Davis
  • Publication number: 20150047885
    Abstract: Provided is a patterned conductive film may include a conductive interconnected nano-structure film. The conductive interconnected nano-structure film may include a first region and a second region adjacent to the first region. A conductivity of the first region may be at least 1000 times a conductivity of the second region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Applicant: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Yu-Pei Chang, Ming-Huan Yang, Chun-Yi Chiu
  • Patent number: 8956684
    Abstract: Apparatus, and methods of making and using apparatus, for inserting intraocular lenses (IOLs) are disclosed. The apparatus includes a hollow tube having an interior wall defining a hollow space through which an intraocular lens may be passed from the open space into an eye. A lubricity enhancing component is covalently bonded to the hollow tube at the interior wall in an amount effective to facilitate the passage of the intraocular lens through the hollow space. The lubricity enhancing component includes a substituent component effective to reduce hydrolysis of said lubricity enhancing component relative to an identical lubricity enhancing component without the substituent component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Abbott Medical Optics Inc.
    Inventors: Harish Makker, Can Hu, Michael D. Lowery
  • Publication number: 20150044387
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a powder-coating apparatus for coating objects, comprising an application device which is designed to apply powder coating to regions of the object that are to be coated; and comprising an irradiation device which has at least one electromagnetic radiation source, which is designed to direct electromagnetic radiation onto areas of the object that are to be coated with powder coating and which is designed to thus cross-link the powder coating onto the coated regions. The present invention further relates to a powder-coating method for coating objects by means of a powder-coating apparatus according to the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Alexander Klonczynski, Jens Koenig, Thomas Kretschmar, Sonja Dudziak
  • Patent number: 8951342
    Abstract: A chemical vapor deposition method for producing a porous organosilica glass film comprising: introducing into a vacuum chamber gaseous reagents including at least one precursor selected from the group consisting of an organosilane and an organosiloxane, and a porogen that is distinct from the precursor; applying energy to the gaseous reagents in the vacuum chamber to induce reaction of the gaseous reagents to deposit a preliminary film on the substrate, wherein the preliminary film contains the porogen; and removing from the preliminary film substantially all of the porogen to provide the porous film with pores and a dielectric constant less than 2.6.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Raymond Nicholas Vrtis, Mark Leonard O'Neill, Jean Louise Vincent, Aaron Scott Lukas, Mary Kathryn Haas
  • Publication number: 20150037512
    Abstract: A problem to be solved is to provide a method for regenerating plating liquid from plating waste liquid in a simple and easy way and a plating method utilizing the regenerating method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicant: Fuji Shoji Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tatsuya Banno, Katsuhiro Goto, Nobuhiro Kanazawa
  • Patent number: 8945686
    Abstract: A method for producing an electrically conductive thin film on a substrate is disclosed. Initially, a reducible metal compound and a reducing agent are dispersed in a liquid. The dispersion is then deposited on a substrate as a thin film. The thin film along with the substrate is subsequently exposed to a pulsed electromagnetic emission to chemically react with the reducible metal compound and the reducing agent such that the thin film becomes electrically conductive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Inventors: Dave S. Pope, Kurt A. Schroder, Ian M. Rawson
  • Patent number: 8947826
    Abstract: A durable wear-resistant coating consists of an atomically mixed layer on the surface of the head or media which is developed by bombardment of the surface with energetic C ions with optimized parameters. This mixed layer is covered with a hard DLC overcoat. This mixed interlayer is able to strongly bond the overcoat to the head or media substrate and improve the tribological properties of the overcoat. In this method a very thin layer of a carbide former material can be used as an interlayer before bombarding the surface with C ions which provides a composite interlayer containing C and species from interlayer and substrate. This composite interlayer bonds the DLC overact to the ceramic substrate of the head or the metallic substrate of the media. This interlayer by itself is protective enough to protect the head media of the hard drives against wear and corrosion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: National University of Singapore
    Inventors: Charanjit Singh Bhatia, Ehsan Rismani-Yazdi, Sujeet Kumar Sinha
  • Patent number: 8945683
    Abstract: A prepreg of FRP (fiber reinforced plastic) having with (i) a matrix resin composition containing a bifunctional isocyanate and/or a trifunctional isocyanate, a polyol and a bifunctional chain extender having two active hydrogen groups at a molar ratio, as a functional group, of isocyanate:polyol:chain extender=5.0 to 1.0:1.0:4.0 to 0, or containing a bifunctional isocyanate and/or a trifunctional isocyanate and a polyol at a molar ratio, as a functional group, of liquid isocyanate:polyol=0.9 to 1.1:1.0; and (ii) a fibrous material. A production process of the prepreg. According to the present invention, the prepreg has a sufficient pot life and permits convenient production of an FRP molding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Noriya Hayashi, Shunichi Hayashi, Norio Miwa, Toshikatsu Nohara
  • Publication number: 20150020861
    Abstract: A thermoelectric device and method based on creating a structure of nanoclusters in a composite metal and insulator material by co-depositing the metal and insulator material and irradiating the composite material to create nanoclusters of metal within the composite material. In one variation, the composite material may be continuously deposited and concurrently irradiated. A further variation based on a multilayer structure having alternate layers of metal/material mixture. The alternate layers have differing metal content. The layer structure is irradiated with ionizing radiation to produce nanoclusters in the layers. The differing metal content serves to quench the nanoclusters to isolate nanoclusters along the radiation track. The result is a thermoelectric device with a high figure of merit. In one embodiment, the multilayer structure is fabricated and then irradiated with high energy radiation penetrating the entire layer structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventor: Daryush ILA