Hetero Ring In The Organic Solvent Patents (Class 429/336)
  • Patent number: 10510494
    Abstract: An electrochemical storage device for storing and providing electrical energy by means of its electrical capacitance comprises an electrode comprising an electrode basis, a counter electrode arranged with a distance to the electrode and comprising a counter electrode basis, and an electrolyte arranged between the electrode and the counter electrode and separating the electrode from the counter electrode. The electrode on the electrode basis and the counter electrode on the counter electrode basis each comprise a surface-enlarging structure. The electrode basis and the counter electrode basis extend in a common contact plane of the electrode and the counter electrode, where they each comprise parts of a conductive contact layer arranged on a non-conductive substrate. Furthermore, a method of manufacturing such a storage device is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2019
    Assignee: DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUR LUFT-UND RAUMFAHRT E.V.
    Inventors: Thorsten Mahrholz, Sebastian Geier
  • Patent number: 10418663
    Abstract: A metal-ion battery are provided. The disclosure provides a metal-ion battery. The metal-ion battery includes a positive electrode; a negative electrode, wherein the negative electrode is a metal or an alloy thereof, the metal is Cu, Fe, Zn, Co, In, Ni, Sn, Cr, La, Y, Ti, Mn, or Mo; a separator, wherein the positive electrode is separated from the negative electrode by the separator; and an electrolyte, disposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode. The electrolyte includes ionic liquid, aluminum halide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Chien-Chih Chiang, Chun-Kai Lin, Kuang-Yao Chen, Chun-Hsing Wu
  • Patent number: 9859583
    Abstract: The fundamental charge storage mechanisms in a number of currently studied high energy redox couples are based on intercalation, conversion, or displacement reactions. With exception to certain metal-air chemistries, most often the active redox materials are stored physically in the electrochemical cell stack thereby lowering the practical gravimetric and volumetric energy density as a tradeoff to achieve reasonable power density. In a general embodiment, a mediated redox flow battery includes a series of secondary organic molecules that form highly reduced anionic radicals as reaction mediator pairs for the reduction and oxidation of primary high capacity redox species ex situ from the electrochemical cell stack. Arenes are reduced to stable anionic radicals that in turn reduce a primary anode to the charged state. The primary anode is then discharged using a second lower potential (more positive) arene. Compatible separators and solvents are also disclosed herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignees: National Technology & Engineering Solutions of Sandia, LLC, UT-Battelle, LLC
    Inventors: Frank M. Delnick, David Ingersoll, Chengdu Liang
  • Patent number: 9548515
    Abstract: Provided are an electrolyte for a high-voltage lithium secondary battery and a high-voltage lithium secondary battery containing the same, and more particularly, an electrolyte for a high-voltage lithium secondary battery which may not be oxidized and decomposed at the time of being kept at a high voltage and a high temperature to prevent swelling of a battery through suppression of gas generation, thereby having excellent high-temperature storage characteristics and excellent discharge characteristics at a low temperature while decreasing a thickness increase rate of the battery, and a high-voltage lithium secondary battery containing the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2017
    Assignee: SK Innovation Co., LTD.
    Inventors: Jin Sung Kim, Yu Na Shim, Seong Il Lee, Jong Ho Lim
  • Patent number: 9466853
    Abstract: Compositions and methods of making are provided for a high energy density aluminum battery. The battery comprises an anode comprising aluminum metal. The battery further comprises a cathode comprising a material capable of intercalating aluminum or lithium ions during a discharge cycle and deintercalating the aluminum or lithium ions during a charge cycle. The battery further comprises an electrolyte capable of supporting reversible deposition and stripping of aluminum at the anode, and reversible intercalation and deintercalation of aluminum or lithium at the cathode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Assignees: UT-Battelle, LLC, Board of Regents, The University of Texas System
    Inventors: Gilbert M. Brown, Mariappan Parans Paranthaman, Sheng Dai, Nancy J. Dudney, Arumugan Manthiram, Timothy J. McIntyre, Xiao-Guang Sun, Hansan Liu
  • Patent number: 9455475
    Abstract: An electrolyte composition including a lithium salt (A), an first anion (B1) represented by formula (1), and an organic solvent (C) are provided. When the electrolyte composition is applied in a lithium battery, good structural stability, high battery efficiency, and long charge-discharge cycle life of the lithium battery can be achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: National Taiwan University of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Fu-Ming Wang, Sylvia Ayu Pradanawati
  • Patent number: 9343776
    Abstract: An electrolyte for electrochemical device and the electrochemical device thereof. The electrolyte comprises 9.95˜19.95 wt % of a salt; 80.0˜90.0 wt % of a non-aqueous solvent; 0.05˜10.00 wt % of an additive comprising a compound represented by below formula (I) or (II): wherein X1, R1, and R4˜R10 is defined as herein. Besides, the present invention also provides a method for enhancing cycle life of electrochemical device which accomplished by adding above additive to an electrolyte of electrochemical device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: Taiwan Hopax Chems. Mfg Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Chia-Chin Chang, Li-Jane Her
  • Patent number: 9224514
    Abstract: There is provided a cathode active material for a lithium ion battery having good battery properties. The cathode active material for a lithium ion battery is represented by a composition formula: LixNi1?yMyO2+?wherein M is one or more selected from Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Cu, Zn, Ga, Ge, Al, Bi, Sn, Mg, Ca, B, and Zr; 0.9?x?1.2; 0<y?0.7; and ?>0.1, and has a moisture content measured by Karl Fischer titration at 300° C. of 1100 ppm or lower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignee: JX Nippon Mining & Metals Corporation
    Inventor: Kentaro Okamoto
  • Patent number: 9224515
    Abstract: There is provided a cathode active material for a lithium ion battery having good battery properties. The cathode active material for a lithium ion battery is represented by a composition formula: Li(LixNi1-x-yMy)O2+? wherein M is one or more selected from Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Cu, Zn, Ga, Ge, Al, Bi, Sn, Mg, Ca, B, and Zr; 0?x?0.1; 0<y?0.7; and ?>0, and has a moisture content measured by Karl Fischer titration at 300° C. of 1100 ppm or lower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignee: JX Nippon Mining & Metals Coporation
    Inventor: Kentaro Okamoto
  • Patent number: 9206210
    Abstract: An ionic liquid including a phosphazene compound that has a plurality of phosphorus-nitrogen units and at least one pendant group bonded to each phosphorus atom of the plurality of phosphorus-nitrogen units. One pendant group of the at least one pendant group comprises a positively charged pendant group. Additional embodiments of ionic liquids are disclosed, as are electrolyte solutions and energy storage devices including the embodiments of the ionic liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2015
    Assignee: BATTELLE ENERGY ALLIANCE, LLC
    Inventors: Kevin L. Gering, Mason K. Harrup, Harry W. Rollins
  • Publication number: 20150140449
    Abstract: Provided are a nonaqueous solvent containing a compound with high conductivity and low viscosity and a high-performance power storage device using the nonaqueous solvent. The power storage device includes an ionic liquid. The ionic liquid contains an anion and a cation having a five-membered heteroaromatic ring having one or more substituents. At least one of the substituents is a straight chain formed of four or more atoms and includes one or more of C, O, Si, N, S, and P.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 11, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Jun ISHIKAWA, Satoshi SEO, Rie YOKOI, Hiroshi KADOMA, Tomoya HIROSE
  • Publication number: 20150140450
    Abstract: An electrolyte solution including a non-aqueous organic solvent and a magnesium salt represented by Formula 1: wherein in Formula 1, groups CY1, CY2, A1 to A10, and variable n are defined in the specification.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 17, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Applicant: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Basab ROY, Dong-young KIM, Youn-hee LIM, Seok-soo LEE
  • Publication number: 20150132665
    Abstract: An ionic liquid having high electrochemical stability and a low melting point. An ionic liquid represented by the following general formula (G0) is provided. In the general formula (G0), R0 to R5 are individually any of an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a methoxy group, a methoxymethyl group, a methoxyethyl group, and a hydrogen atom, and A? is a univalent imide-based anion, a univalent methide-based anion, a perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acid anion, tetrafluoroborate, or hexafluorophosphate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 20, 2015
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Kyosuke ITO, Toru ITAKURA
  • Patent number: 9017883
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a rechargeable lithium battery including a positive electrode, a negative electrode including lithium titanate represented by Chemical Formula 1, and an electrolyte impregnating the positive and negative electrodes and including a sultone-based compound and maleic anhydride, wherein the sultone-based compound and the maleic anhydride are respectively included in an amount of about 0.5 wt % to about 5 wt % based on the total weight of the electrolyte. Chemical Formula 1: Li4?xTi5+x?yMyO12. In Chemical Formula 1, M is an element selected from Mg, V, Cr, Nb, Fe, Ni, Co, Mn, W, Al, Ga, Cu, Mo, P, or a combination thereof, 0?x?1, 0?y?1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung SDI Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Su-Hee Han
  • Patent number: 9005821
    Abstract: A nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery includes: a positive electrode; a negative electrode; and a nonaqueous electrolyte, wherein an open circuit voltage in a completely charged state per pair of a positive electrode and a negative electrode is from 4.25 to 6.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Toru Odani, Tadahiko Kubota
  • Publication number: 20150084604
    Abstract: An improved lithium-sulfur battery containing a surface-functionalized carbonaceous material. The presence of the surface-functionalized carbonaceous material generates weak chemical bonds between the functional groups of the surface-functionalized carbonaceous material and the functional groups of the polysulfides, which prevents the polysulfide migration to the battery anode, thereby providing a battery with relatively high energy density and good partial discharge efficiency.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: EAGLEPICHER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventors: Ramanathan THILLAIYAN, Wujun FU, Mario DESTEPHEN, Greg MILLER, Ernest NDZEBET, Umamaheswari JANAKIRAMAN
  • Publication number: 20150084603
    Abstract: An improved electrolyte including a strontium additive suitable for lithium-sulfur batteries, a battery including the electrolyte, and a battery including a separator containing a strontium additive are disclosed. The presence of the strontium additive reduces sulfur-containing deposits on the battery anode, thereby providing a battery with relatively high energy density and good partial discharge performance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: EAGLEPICHER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventors: Ramanathan THILLAIYAN, Wujun FU, Mario DESTEPHEN, Greg MILLER
  • Publication number: 20150086879
    Abstract: An anode in which an anode active material layer is arranged on an anode current collector. The anode active material layer includes anode active material particles made of an anode active material including at least one of silicon and tin as an element. An oxide-containing film including an oxide of at least one kind selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium and tin is formed in a region in contact with an electrolytic solution of the surface of each anode active material particle by a liquid-phase method such as a liquid-phase deposition method. The region in contact with the electrolytic solution of the surface of each anode active material particle is covered with the oxide-containing film, to thereby improve the chemical stability of the anode and the charge-discharge efficiency. The thickness of the oxide-containing film is preferably within a range from 0.1 nm to 500 nm both inclusive.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 2, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Yamaguchi, Hiroshi Horiuchi, Kenichi Kawase, Tadahiko Kubota, Hideki Nakai, Takakazu Hirose
  • Publication number: 20150079483
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to several families of commercially available oxirane compounds that can be used as electrolyte co-solvents, solutes, or additives in non-aqueous electrolyte and their test results in various electrochemical devices. The presence of these compounds can enable rechargeable chemistries at high voltages. These compounds were chosen for their beneficial effect on the interphasial chemistries that occur at high potentials on the classes of 5.0V cathodes used in experimental Li-ion systems.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Applicant: U.S. Government as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Arthur von Wald Cresce, Kang Conrad Xu
  • Publication number: 20150079484
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to additives for electrolytes and preparation of aluminum-based, silicon-based, and bismuth-based additive compounds that can be used as additives or solutes in electrolytes and test results in various electrochemical devices. The inclusion of these aluminum, silicon, and bismuth compounds in electrolyte systems can enable rechargeable chemistries at high voltages that are otherwise unsuitable with current electrolyte technologies. These compounds are so chosen because of their beneficial effect on the interphasial chemistries formed at high potentials, such as 5.0 V class cathodes for Li-ion chemistries. The application of these compounds goes beyond Li-ion battery technology and covers any electrochemical device that employs electrolytes for the benefit of high energy density resultant from high operating voltages.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 17, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Applicant: U.S. Government as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Arthur von Wald Cresce, Kang Conrad Xu
  • Publication number: 20150072248
    Abstract: An alkali metal-sulfur-based secondary battery, in which coulombic efficiency is improved by suppressing a side reaction during charge, and a reduction in discharge capacity by repetition of charge and discharge is suppressed and which has a long battery life and an improved input/output density, includes a positive electrode or a negative electrode containing a sulfur-based electrode active material; an electrolyte solution containing an ether compound such as THF and glyme and a solvent such as a fluorine-based solvent, wherein at least a part of the ether compound and the alkali metal salt forms a complex; and a counter electrode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 18, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPORATION YOKOHAMA NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Masayoshi Watanabe, Kaoru Dokko, Naoki Tachikawa, Mizuho Tsuchiya, Kazuhide Ueno, Azusa Yamazaki, Kazuki Yoshida, Ryuji Harimoto, Risa Nozawa, Toshihiko Mandai, Ce Zhang, Jun-Woo Park, Yu Onozaki, Masao Iwaya
  • Publication number: 20150050563
    Abstract: A new electrolytic solution system for lithium secondary batteries. Provided is a lithium secondary battery electrolytic solution containing a nonaqueous solvent and a lithium salt. The nonaqueous solvent is mixed at an amount of not more than 3 mol with respect to 1 mol of the lithium salt.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Applicant: THE UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO
    Inventors: Yuki Yamada, Atsuo Yamada, Makoto Yaegashi, Haosheu Zhou, Fujun Li
  • Publication number: 20150044573
    Abstract: The invention relates to lithium 1-trifluoromethoxy-1,2,2,2-tetra-fluoroethanesulphonate, the use of lithium 1-trifluoromethoxy-1,2,2,2-tetra-fluoroethanesulphonate as electrolyte salt in lithium-based energy stores and also ionic liquids comprising 1-trifluoro-methoxy-1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-ethanesulphonate as anion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Gerd-Volker Röschenthaler, Martin Winter, Stefano Passerini, Katja Vlasov, Nataliya Kalinovich, Christian Schreiner Schreiner, Raphael Wilhelm Schmitz, Ansgar Romek Müller, Rene Schmitz, Tanja Schedlbauer, Alexandra Lex-Balducci, Miriam Kunze
  • Publication number: 20150030939
    Abstract: The invention relates to the use of lithium-2-pentafluoroethoxy-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoro-ethanesulfonate as a conductive salt in lithium-based energy stores and to electrolytes containing lithium-2-pentafluoroethoxy-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoro-ethanesulfonate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Marius Amereller, René Schmitz, Raphael Wilhelm Schmitz, Ansgar Romek Müller, Martin Winter, Christian Schreiner, Miriam Kunze, Stefano Passerini
  • Patent number: 8940433
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an electrolyte solution comprising at least one solvent as component A, at least one electrolyte as component B and from 0.1 to 20% by weight, based on the total electrolyte solution, of at least one heteroaromatic compound of the general formula (I) as component C, the use of such a compound in electrolyte solutions, the use of such an electrolyte solution in an electrochemical cell or for metal plating, and also electrochemical cells comprising a corresponding electrolyte solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Xiao Steimle, Itamar Michael Malkowsky, Klaus Leitner
  • Publication number: 20150024121
    Abstract: A process for producing a separator-electrolyte layer for use in a lithium battery, comprising: (a) providing a porous separator; (b) providing a quasi-solid electrolyte containing a lithium salt dissolved in a first liquid solvent up to a first concentration no less than 3 M; and (c) coating or impregnating the separator with the electrolyte to obtain the separator-electrolyte layer with a final concentration ?the first concentration so that the electrolyte exhibits a vapor pressure less than 0.01 kPa when measured at 20° C., a vapor pressure less than 60% of that of the first liquid solvent alone, a flash point at least 20 degrees Celsius higher than a flash point of the first liquid solvent alone, a flash point higher than 150° C., or no detectable flash point. A battery using such a separator-electrolyte is non-flammable and safe, has a long cycle life, high capacity, and high energy density.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 22, 2013
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventors: Hui He, Bor Z. Jang, Yanbo Wang, Aruna Zhamu
  • Publication number: 20140377644
    Abstract: A nonaqueous solvent that includes an ionic liquid and has at least one of the following characteristics: high lithium ion conductivity, high lithium ion conductivity in a low temperature environment, high heat resistance, a wide available temperature range, a low freezing point (melting point), low viscosity, and the like. The nonaqueous solvent includes an ionic liquid and a fluorinated solvent. The ionic liquid contains an alicyclic quaternary ammonium cation which has a substituent and a counter anion to the alicyclic quaternary ammonium cation which has the substituent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 17, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Jun ISHIKAWA, I, Rie YOKOI, Satoshi SEO, Toru ITAKURA, Sachiko KAWAKAMI, Kaori OGITA
  • Publication number: 20140356734
    Abstract: An electrolyte for a lithium ion secondary battery and a lithium ion secondary battery including the same are provide. The electrolyte includes a non-aqueous organic solvent, a lithium salt which is dissolved in the non-aqueous solvent and a additive shown as general formula I. Wherein R1, R2 and R3 are each independently selected from H, alkyl group including from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, cycloalkyl group including from 3 to 8 carbon atoms and aromatic group including 6 to 12 carbon atoms; n represents an integer from 0 to 7. This additive in electrolyte can passivate cathode and anode effectively, restrain their reaction with electrolyte, reduce gases generation and battery's expansion in high temperature surrounding, provide as safety lithium ion secondary batteries.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2013
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventors: Jianxun Ren, Chenghua Fu, Fenggang Zhao
  • Publication number: 20140356733
    Abstract: Provided are an additive for a lithium battery electrolyte, wherein the additive is an ethylene carbonate based compound represented by the following Formula 1 or 2, an organic electrolyte solution including the additive, and a lithium battery including the organic electrolyte solution: in the above Formulae, R1, R2, R3, and R4 are each independently a non-polar functional group or a polar functional group, the polar functional group including a heteroatom belonging to groups 13 to 16 of the periodic table of elements, and one or more of R1, R2, R3, and R4 are the polar functional groups.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 5, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicant: Samsung SDI Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Makhmut Khasanov, Woo-Cheol Shin, Vladimir Egorov, Pavel Alexandrovich Shatunov, Denis Chernyshov, Sang-Hoon Kim, Ha-Rim Lee, In-Haeng Cho, Alexey Tereshchenko
  • Patent number: 8895195
    Abstract: Disclosed is a non-aqueous electrolyte comprising: an acrylate compound; a sulfinyl group-containing compound; an organic solvent; and an electrolyte salt. Also, disclosed is an electrode comprising a coating layer formed partially or totally on a surface thereof, the coating layer comprising: (i) a reduced form of an acrylate compound; and (ii) a reduced form of a sulfinyl group-containing compound. Further, disclosed is an electrochemical device comprising a cathode, an anode and a non-aqueous electrolyte, wherein (i) the non-aqueous electrolyte is the aforementioned non-aqueous electrolyte; and/or (ii) the cathode and/or the anode is the aforementioned electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jeong-Ju Cho, Ho-Chun Lee, Su-Jin Yoon, Soo-Min Park
  • Publication number: 20140342239
    Abstract: An electrolyte includes an eutectic mixture composed of (a) a hetero cyclic compound having a predetermined chemistry figure, and (b) an ionizable lithium salt. An electrochemical device having the electrolyte. The eutectic mixture included in the electrolyte exhibits inherent characteristics of an eutectic mixture such as excellent thermal stability and excellent chemical stability, thereby improving the problems such as evaporation, ignition and side reaction of an electrolyte caused by the usage of existing organic solvents.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 2, 2014
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: LG CHEM, LTD.
    Inventors: Byoung-Bae Lee, Jae-Seung Oh, Ji-Won Park, Shin-Jung Choi, Jae-Duk Park, Dong-Su Kim, Hyo-Jin Lee
  • Publication number: 20140342249
    Abstract: A rechargeable lithium metal or lithium-ion cell comprising a cathode having a cathode active material and/or a conductive supporting structure, an anode having an anode active material and/or a conductive supporting nano-structure, a porous separator electronically separating the anode and the cathode, a highly concentrated electrolyte in contact with the cathode active material and the anode active material, wherein the electrolyte contains a lithium salt dissolved in an ionic liquid solvent with a concentration greater than 3 M. The cell exhibits an exceptionally high specific energy, a relatively high power density, a long cycle life, and high safety with no flammability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2013
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Inventors: Hui He, Bor Z Jang, Yanbo Wang, Aruna Zhamu
  • Publication number: 20140342245
    Abstract: One object is to provide a power storage device including an electrolyte using a room-temperature ionic liquid which includes a univalent anion and a cyclic quaternary ammonium cation having excellent reduction resistance. Another object is to provide a high-performance power storage device. A room-temperature ionic liquid which includes a cyclic quaternary ammonium cation represented by a general formula (G1) below is used for an electrolyte of a power storage device. In the general formula (G1), one or two of R1 to R5 are any of an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a methoxy group, a methoxymethyl group, and a methoxyethyl group. The other three or four of R1 to R5 are hydrogen atoms. A? is a univalent imide anion, a univalent methide anion, a perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acid anion, tetrafluoroborate (BF4?), or hexafluorophosphate (PF6?).
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 4, 2014
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Inventors: Kyosuke ITO, Toru ITAKURA
  • Publication number: 20140335426
    Abstract: A nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode, and a nonaqueous electrolyte. A positive electrode charge potential is 3.7 V or less with respect to a lithium metal potential. The nonaqueous electrolyte includes a cyclic disulfone compound having a specific structure in an amount of 0.1 to 4.0% by mass based on a total mass of the nonaqueous electrolyte.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2012
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: GS Yuasa International Ltd.
    Inventors: Yudai Kawasoe, Katsushi Nishie
  • Publication number: 20140315096
    Abstract: In some embodiments, the present disclosure pertains to energy storage compositions that comprise a clay and an ionic liquid. In some embodiments, the clay is a bentonite clay and the ionic liquid is a room temperature ionic liquid (RTIL). In some embodiments, the clay and the ionic liquid are present in the energy storage compositions of the present disclosure in a weight ratio of 1:1. In some embodiments, the ionic liquid further comprises a lithium-containing salt that is dissolved in the ionic liquid. In some embodiments, the energy storage compositions of the present disclosure further comprise a thermoplastic polymer, such as polyurethane. In some embodiments, the thermoplastic polymer constitutes about 10% by weight of the energy storage composition. In some embodiments, the energy storage compositions of the present disclosure are associated with components of energy storage devices, such as electrodes and separators.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2014
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Applicants: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, William Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: Raquel Silveira Borges, Kaushik Kalaga, Marco Tulio Fonseca Rodrigues, Hemtej Gullapalli, Leela Mohana Reddy Arava, Kaushik Balakrishnan, Glaura Goulart Silva, Pulickel M. Ajayan
  • Patent number: 8865353
    Abstract: A nonaqueous electrolytic solution of an electrolyte salt dissolved in a nonaqueous solvent, containing a hydantoin compound represented by the following general formula (I) in an amount of from 0.01 to 5% by mass of the nonaqueous electrolytic solution, and excellent in battery characteristics such as high-temperature storage property and cycle property. (In the formula, R1 and R2 each represent a methyl group or an ethyl group; R3 and R4 each represent a hydrogen atom, a methyl group or an ethyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Ube Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Koji Abe, Masahide Kondo
  • Publication number: 20140287327
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method of coating a substrate for a lithium secondary battery with inorganic particles, comprising charging the inorganic particles to form charged inorganic particles; transferring the charged inorganic particles on the substrate for a lithium secondary battery to form a coating layer; and fixing the coating layer with heat and pressure. Such a coating method according to one embodiment of the present invention uses electrostatic force without the addition of a solvent, and therefore, non use of a solvent can result in cost-reducing effects since there is no burden on the handling and storing of the solvent, and since a drying procedure after slurry coating is not needed, it allows for the preparation of a lithium secondary battery in a highly effective and rapid manner.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 9, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventors: Joo-Sung Lee, Jong-Hun Kim, Jeong-Min Ha, Bo-Kyung Ryu, Jin-Woo Kim
  • Publication number: 20140242474
    Abstract: Disclosed is a high-capacity electrochemical energy storage device in which a conversion reaction proceeds as the oxidation-reduction reaction, and the separation (hysteresis) between the electrode potentials for oxidation and reduction is small. The electrochemical energy storage device includes a first electrode including a first active material, a second electrode including a second active material, and a non-aqueous electrolyte interposed between the first and second electrodes. At least one of the first and second active materials is a metal salt having a polyatomic anion and a metal ion, and the metal salt is capable of oxidation-reduction reaction involving reversible release and acceptance of the polyatomic anion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: PANASONIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tooru Matsui, Zempachi Ogumi, Toshiro Hirai, Akiyoshi Nakata
  • Publication number: 20140242473
    Abstract: Provided is an electrolyte solution for a magnesium battery, containing a mesoionic compound represented by the following general formula (1): (in general formula (1), R1 and R2 are each independently a C1-7 hydrocarbyl group or oxygen-containing hydrocarbyl group and X is O or S).
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2014
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicants: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA, National University Corporation Nagoya Institute Of Technology
    Inventors: Tsunehisa HIRASHITA, Hirofumi NAKAMOTO
  • Patent number: 8808918
    Abstract: The rechargeable lithium battery of the present invention includes a positive electrode including a positive active material, a negative electrode including a negative active material, and a non-aqueous electrolyte. The positive active material includes a core and a coating layer formed on the core. The core is made of a material such as LiCo0.98M?0.02O2, and the coating layer is made of a material such as MxPyOz. The electrolyte solution includes a nitrile-based additive. The rechargeable lithium battery of the present invention shows higher cycle-life characteristics and longer continuous charging time at high temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung SDI Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Euy-Young Jung, Duck-Chul Hwang, Jeom-Soo Kim, Jong-Hwa Lee, Yong-Chul Park, Jae-Yul Ryu, So-Hyun Hur
  • Publication number: 20140220417
    Abstract: The present invention provides an electrolyte for lithium and/or lithium-ion batteries comprising a lithium salt in a liquid carrier comprising heteroaromatic compound including a five-membered or six-membered heteroaromatic ring moiety selected from the group consisting of a furan, a pyrazine, a triazine, a pyrrole, and a thiophene, the heteroaromatic ring moiety bearing least one carboxylic ester or carboxylic anhydride substituent bound to at least one carbon atom of the heteroaromatic ring. Preferred heteroaromatic ring moieties include pyridine compounds, pyrazine compounds, pyrrole compounds, furan compounds, and thiophene compounds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 12, 2014
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: UCHICAGO ARGONNE, LLC
    Inventors: Gang CHENG, Daniel P. ABRAHAM
  • Patent number: 8795904
    Abstract: A series of polar and aprotic organic molecules, which, when used as solvents or additives in nonaqueous electrolytes, afford improved performance for electrochemical cells that operate at high voltages. These polar and aprotic solvents or additives may contain at least one unsaturated functionality per molecule. The unsaturated functionality is conjugated with the polar functionality of the molecule. The unsaturated functionality that is either a double or triple bond could be between carbon-carbon, or between carbon-heteroatom, or between hetroatom-heteroatom. Nonaqueous electrolyte solutions are provided comprising one or more lithium salts dissolved in the mixture solvents, which comprises, in all possible ratios, at least one of the polar, aprotic and unsaturated solvent or additives, one or more cyclic carbonic diesters such as ethylene carbonate, and one or more acyclic carbonic diesters such as dimethyl carbonate, diethyl carbonate, and ethylmethyl carbonate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Kang Conrad Xu
  • Patent number: 8785056
    Abstract: In one aspect, a rechargeable lithium battery including an electrolyte for the rechargeable lithium battery is provided. The electrolyte for the rechargeable lithium battery includes: a non-aqueous organic solvent; a lithium salt; and a compound represented by Chemical Formula 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung SDI Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Dai-In Park, Ho-Seok Yang, In-Haeng Cho
  • Patent number: 8785055
    Abstract: Novel electric battery systems are disclosed utilizing selected ionic liquids as electrolytes and selected metals and metal oxides as electrodes. The ionic liquids utilize a substituted imidazolium cation, which does not have the corrosive safety and environmental concerns associated with corrosive acid and alkali electrolytes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventor: Thomas E. Sutto
  • Patent number: 8785057
    Abstract: The present invention provide novel compounds and electrolyte solutions which can be used in capacitors and lithium batteries and which have a liquidus range of from about ?65 to about 171 degrees C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Retriev Technologies Incorporated
    Inventors: W. Novis Smith, Joel R. McCloskey, Jonathan Maeyer
  • Publication number: 20140199601
    Abstract: The present invention aims to provide an additive for a non-aqueous electrolyte solution with excellent storage stability capable of forming a stable SEI on the surface of an electrode to improve cell performance such as a cycle performance, a discharge/charge capacity, and internal resistance, when the additive is used for electrical storage devices such as non-aqueous electrolyte solution secondary cells and electric double layer capacitors. The present invention also aims to provide a non-aqueous electrolyte solution containing the additive for a non-aqueous electrolyte solution and to provide an electrical storage device using the non-aqueous electrolyte solution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 6, 2012
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: SUMITOMO SEIKA CHEMICALS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tomohiro Onozuka, Shohei Fujimoto, Koji Fujita
  • Publication number: 20140178770
    Abstract: The Coulombic efficiency of lithium deposition/stripping can be improved while also substantially preventing lithium dendrite formation and growth using particular electrolyte compositions. Embodiments of the electrolytes include organic solvents and their mixtures to form high-quality SEI layers on the lithium anode surface and to prevent further reactions between lithium and electrolyte components. Embodiments of the disclosed electrolytes further include additives to suppress dendrite growth during charge/discharge processes. The solvent and additive can significantly improve both the Coulombic efficiency and smoothness of lithium deposition. By optimizing the electrolyte formulations, practical rechargeable lithium energy storage devices with significantly improved safety and long-term cycle life are achieved. The electrolyte can also be applied to other kinds of energy storage devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2014
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Inventors: Wu Xu, Ji-Guang Zhang, Yaohui Zhang, Xilin Chen
  • Publication number: 20140162143
    Abstract: It is an object of the present invention to provide an electrochemical device having an electrolytic solution having high current density and high oxidation resistance, as well as high safety, where dissolution and deposition of magnesium progress repeatedly and stably. The present invention relates to the electrolytic solution for an electrochemical device comprising (1) the supporting electrolyte composed of a magnesium salt and (2) at least one or more kinds of the compound represented by the following general formula [2], as well as the electrochemical device comprising said electrolytic solution, a positive electrode, a negative electrode and a separator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 26, 2012
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Applicant: WAKO PURE CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Tsutomu Watahiki, Takahiro Kiyosu, Kuniaki Okamoto
  • Publication number: 20140141340
    Abstract: An electrolyte for a rechargeable lithium battery that includes a lithium salt and a non-aqueous organic solvent including a compound represented by the following Chemical Formula 1 is described: The compound represented by Chemical Formula 1 is included at greater than or equal to 0.001 volume % and less than 1 volume % based on a total volume of the non-aqueous organic solvent. A rechargeable lithium battery including the electrolyte is also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 1, 2013
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Vladimir Egorov, Woo-Cheol Shin, Pavel Alexandrovich Shatunov
  • Publication number: 20140134500
    Abstract: An anode and a battery, which have a high capacity and can improve battery characteristics such as large current discharge characteristics and low temperature discharge characteristics are provided. An anode has an anode current collector and an anode active material layer provided on the anode current collector. The density of the anode active material layer is in the range from 1.5 g/cm3 to 1.8 g/cm3. Further, the anode active material layer contains a granulated graphite material which is obtained by granulating a flat graphite particle in nodular shape and mesocarbon microbeads. Thereby, the granulated graphite material is prevented from being destroyed, and diffusion path of lithium ions is secured.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 17, 2014
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: SONY CORPORATION
    Inventor: Gentaro KANO