Produced By The Action Of A Carbohydrase (e.g., Maltose By The Action Of Alpha Amylase On Starch, Etc.) Patents (Class 435/99)
  • Patent number: 10392742
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a biofinishing system comprising a combination of cellulases, in particular a biofinishing system comprising a combination of GH45 cellulases. The present disclosure further relates to a process for treating a cellulose-containing textile comprising biofinishing the cellulose-containing textile with a combination of GH45 cellulases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: Novozymes A/S
    Inventors: Weijian Lai, Wenqi Huang, Wei Wang
  • Patent number: 10337144
    Abstract: Described is a method for processing cellulose-containing biomass with sulfuric acid and certain additives, especially for the pretreatment of cellulose-containing biomass prior to saccharification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Frank Rittig, Stefan Koch, Alois Kindler, Michael Koch, Ferdinand Leifeld, Vaidotas Navickas, Markus Gruen
  • Patent number: 10316466
    Abstract: It is disclosed a process to transfer a ligno-cellulosic feedstock from a low pressure zone to a high pressure zone. A slurry the ligno-cellulosic feedstock is first provided, which is then subjected to a multi-step liquid removal process comprising draining by gravity at least a portion of the free liquid; removing a first portion of the capillary liquid in a low pressure zone by continuously compressing a stream of the ligno-cellulosic feedstock to reach a moisture content in a first target range; removing a second portion of the capillary liquid by shearing and compressing the ligno-cellulosic stream in a plug forming device, to form a ligno-cellulosic feedstock plug having a moisture content in a second target range at an outlet of the plug forming device connected to the high pressure zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: Versalis S.p.A.
    Inventors: Guido Ghisolfi, Ettore Bonaldi
  • Patent number: 10316106
    Abstract: Described is a method for processing cellulose-containing biomass with sulfuric acid and certain additives, especially for the pretreatment of cellulose-containing biomass prior to saccharification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Frank Rittig, Stefan Koch, Alois Kindler, Michael Koch, Ferdinand Leifeld, Vaidotas Navickas, Markus Gruen
  • Patent number: 10294466
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to polypeptides having alpha-glucosidase activity isolated, derived or derivable from Rasamsonia or engineered polypeptides having alpha-glucosidase activity isolated, derived or derivable from Rasamsonia homologs. The present disclosure also pertains to polynucleotides encoding the polypeptides, nucleic acid constructs, vectors, host cells and mutant cells comprising the polynucleotides. The disclosure further pertains to compositions comprising such polypeptides, methods of producing the polypeptides and compositions, as well as methods for using such polypeptides and compositions for industrial applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: DANISCO US INC.
    Inventors: Zheyong Yu, Zhenghong Zhang, Jing Ge, Zhen Qian, Guoqing Liu, Zhiyong Xie, Zhongmei Tang
  • Patent number: 10266856
    Abstract: A method for preparing a fermentation product including lactic acid, the method including: a) treating lignocellulosic material with caustic magnesium salt in the presence of water to provide treated aqueous lignocellulosic material; b) saccharifying the treated aqueous lignocellulosic material in the presence of a hydrolytic enzyme to provide a saccharified aqueous lignocellulosic material comprising fermentable carbohydrate and a solid lignocellulosic fraction; c) simultaneously with step b), fermenting the saccharified aqueous lignocellulosic material in the presence of both a lactic acid forming microorganism and caustic magnesium salt to provide an aqueous fermentation broth comprising magnesium lactate and a solid lignocellulosic fraction; d) recovering magnesium lactate from the broth, wherein the saccharification and the fermentation are carried out simultaneously.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: PURAC BIOCHEM BV
    Inventors: Peter Johannes Marie Baets, David Sanchez Garcia, Willem Jacob Groot, André Banier De Haan
  • Patent number: 10259841
    Abstract: A method for reducing the level of DNA in a fermentation broth is disclosed where the method includes a heating step where the broth is heated to a temperature of at least 70° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: NOVOZYMES A/S
    Inventors: Cedric Hobel, Heidi Winterberg Andersen, Peter Frode Pind, Cecilia Jansson Kepka
  • Patent number: 10240006
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods of functionalizing lignin using reactive extraction. The invention also generally relates to functionalized lignin. An exemplary method for producing functionalized lignin is disclosed, which comprises: providing a residue comprising lignin and cellulose; subjecting the residue to a liquid comprising an organic compound, thereby forming a first mixture; wherein the subjecting is performed at a first temperature of about 100° C. or less; and wherein the first mixture comprises: a first liquid fraction comprising solubilized functionalized lignin, wherein the solubilized functionalized lignin is functionalized with the organic compound; and a first solid fraction comprising cellulose.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2019
    Assignee: Renmatix, Inc.
    Inventors: Mikhail Y. Balakshin, Ewellyn A. Capanema, Manuk Colakyan, Francis Lipiecki
  • Patent number: 10221406
    Abstract: The present invention relates to cellobiohydrolase variants. The present invention also relates to polynucleotides encoding the variants; nucleic acid constructs, vectors, and host cells comprising the polynucleotides; and methods of using the variants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Assignees: Novozymes, Inc., Novozymes A/S
    Inventors: Kim Borch, Kenneth Jensen, Kristian Krogh, Brett McBrayer, Peter Westh, Jeppe Kari, Johan Olsen, Trine Sorensen, Michael Windahl, Hui Xu
  • Patent number: 10190107
    Abstract: The present invention has a purpose of providing a technique for increasing the heat resistance of a ?-galactosidase. According to the present invention, in a reference ?-galactosidase amino acid sequence which shows a 90% or more identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 4, proline is substituted for one or more amino acids selected from the group consisting of the following amino acids: (1) an amino acid corresponding to lysine at position 166 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 4, (2) an amino acid corresponding to glycine at position 307 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 4, and (3) an amino acid corresponding to alanine at position 833 of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 4.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: Amano Enzyme Inc.
    Inventors: Kazuhiko Ishikawa, Satoru Ishihara, Shotaro Yamaguchi
  • Patent number: 10150843
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for improved liquefaction of a lignocellulosic biomass. The methods include reacting a lignocellulosic biomass slurry at mild conditions for a short period to produce a first reaction mixture having a reduced viscosity as compared to the lignocellulosic biomass slurry and that is substantially free of levulinic acid and hydroxymethylfurfural. The methods further include separating the first reaction mixture into a solid fraction and a liquid fraction, the solid fraction having a majority of lignin from the lignocellulosic biomass slurry and the liquid fraction having a majority of hemicellulose and greater than about 30% by weight of cellulose from the lignocellulosic biomass slurry. The method advantageously prevents or eliminates the formation of tar and/or char.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2018
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific LLC
    Inventors: Michael E. Carroll, Johannes A. Kroon, Rudy F. M. J. Parton, Subrata Sen, Pierre L. Woestenborghs
  • Patent number: 10138506
    Abstract: The current disclosure provides a process for enzymatically converting a saccharide into tagatose. The invention also relates to a process for preparing tagatose where the process involves converting fructose 6-phosphate (F6P) to tagatose 6-phosphate (T6P), catalyzed by an epimerase, and converting the T6P to tagatose, catalyzed by a phosphatase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2018
    Assignee: BONUMOSE LLC
    Inventor: Daniel Joseph Wichelecki
  • Patent number: 10131923
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the preparation of a fermentation product from ligno-cellulosic material, comprising the following steps: a) optionally pre-treatment of the ligno-cellulosic material; b) optionally washing of the optionally pre-treated ligno-cellulosic material; c) enzymatic hydrolysis of the optionally washed and/or optionally pre-treated ligno-cellulosic material using an enzyme composition comprising at least two cellulase and whereby the enzyme composition at least comprises GH61; d) whereby less than 7.5 mg enzyme composition/g glucan (on dry matter and enzyme as protein) or less than 3.0 mg enzyme composition/g feedstock (on dry matter and enzyme as protein) is used; and e) fermentation of the hydrolyzed ligno-cellulosic material to produce a fermentation product; and f) optionally recovery of a fermentation product; wherein before and/or during the enzymatic hydrolysis oxygen is added to the ligno-cellulosic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2018
    Assignee: DSM IP ASSETS B.V.
    Inventors: Bertus Noordam, Michael Petrus Jozef Berkhout
  • Patent number: 10081802
    Abstract: Disclosed are glycosyl hydrolase enzyme variants, particularly variants of certain oxidoreductases of glycosyl hydrolase family 61. Nucleic acids encoding the glycosyl hydrolyase variants, compositions including the glycosyl hydrolase variants, methods of producing the variants, and methods of using the variants are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignee: DANISCO US INC.
    Inventors: Maria Foukaraki, Ronaldus Wilhelmus Hommes, Thijs Kaper, Bradley R. Kelemen, Slavko Kralj, Suzanne E. Lantz, Igor Nikolaev, Wilhelmus Van Der Kley, Johannes Franciscus Thomas Van Lieshout, Sander Van Stigt Thans
  • Patent number: 10041100
    Abstract: A method of producing sugar solution by repeating a sugar solution production process includes steps (1) to (3), wherein a wash solution obtained in step (4) of washing a separation membrane after step (3) is used for step (1) of subsequent sugar solution production processes: step (1): preparing slurry of pretreated cellulose-containing biomass; step (2): hydrolyzing the slurry of pretreated cellulose-containing biomass in step (1) using cellulase from filamentous fungi; and step (3): subjecting the hydrolyzate of step (2) to solid-liquid separation into a solution component and a hydrolysis residue, filtering the solution component through an ultrafiltration membrane and recovering the cellulase from filamentous fungi as a non-permeate, and recovering the sugar solution as a permeate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: Toray Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Chiaki Yamada, Hiroyuki Kurihara, Katsushige Yamada
  • Patent number: 10041101
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compositions comprising: a polypeptide having cellulolytic enhancing activity and a heterocyclic compound. The present invention also relates to methods of using the compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: Novozymes, Inc.
    Inventors: Jason Quinlan, Feng Xu, Matthew Sweeney
  • Patent number: 9994873
    Abstract: The present invention describes a process for the production of alcohols and/or solvents from a cellulosic or lignocellulosic substrate, comprising at least the following steps: a step A for alkaline pre-treatment of said substrate, comprising a step for heating in the presence of an alkaline chemical reagent and an optional washing step; a step B constituted by a step for adjusting the pH and a step for enzymatic hydrolysis of the pre-treated substrate, at the end of which a hydrolysate is obtained constituted by a liquid phase containing sugars and a solid residue; a step for alcoholic fermentation of the hydrolysate obtained; a step for separation/purification (step C2) at the end of which one or more purified alcohols and/or solvents are obtained; a step for extracting the solid residue; a step D for acid digestion of at least a fraction of the extracted solid residue, at the end of which a portion or all of the product obtained is recycled to step B.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2018
    Assignee: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    Inventors: Marcel Ropars, Caroline Aymard
  • Patent number: 9982280
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the preparation of a fermentation product from ligno-cellulosic material, comprising the following steps: a) optionally pre-treatment of the ligno-cellulosic material; b) optionally washing of the optionally pre-treated ligno-cellulosic material; c) enzymatic hydrolysis of the optionally washed and/or optionally pre-treated ligno-cellulosic material using an enzyme composition comprising at least two cellulase and whereby the enzyme composition at least comprises GH61; d) whereby less than 7.5 mg enzyme composition/g glucan (on dry matter and enzyme as protein) or less than 3.0 mg enzyme composition/g feedstock (on dry matter and enzyme as protein) is used; and e) fermentation of the hydrolysed ligno-cellulosic material to produce a fermentation product; and f) optionally recovery of a fermentation product; wherein before and/or during the enzymatic hydrolysis oxygen is added to the ligno-cellulosic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2018
    Assignee: DSM IP ASSETS B.V.
    Inventors: Bertus Noordam, Michael Petrus Jozef Berkhout
  • Patent number: 9944914
    Abstract: A method for selectively obtaining a natural variant of an enzyme having activity includes (1) a step of detecting an ORF sequence of a protein having enzyme activity from a genome database including base sequences of metagenomic DNA of environmental microbiota; (2) a step of obtaining at least one PCR clone including the ORF sequence having a full length, a partial sequence of the ORF sequence, or a base sequence encoding an amino acid sequence which is formed by deletion, substitution, or addition of at least one amino acid residue in an amino acid sequence encoded by the ORF sequence, by performing PCR cloning on at least one metagenomic DNA of the environmental microbiota by using a primer designed based on the ORF sequence; (3) a step of determining a base sequence and an amino acid sequence which is encoded by the base sequence for each PCR clone obtained in the step (2); and (4) a step of selecting a natural variant of an enzyme having activity by measuring enzyme activity of proteins encoded by each P
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Migiwa Suda, Jiro Okuma, Asuka Yamaguchi, Yoshitsugu Hirose, Yasuhiro Kondo
  • Patent number: 9944915
    Abstract: A cellulase having improved thermostability is disclosed. The cellulase comprises a modified amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2, wherein the modification is adding a cysteine in N terminal and adding a glycine and a cysteine or adding a proline and a cysteine in C terminal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: DONGGUAN APAC BIOTECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Rey-Ting Guo, Ya-Shan Cheng, Jian-Wen Huang, Tzu-Hui Wu, Hui-Lin Lai, Cheng-Yen Lin, Tsung-Yu Ko
  • Patent number: 9938552
    Abstract: The invention relates to methods of saccharifying a cellulosic material comprising subjecting the cellulosic material to a catalase and a cellulolytic enzyme composition comprising a GH61 polypeptide in the presence of dissolved oxygen at a concentration of greater than 10% of the saturation level. The invention also related to methods of producing desired fermentation products, such as ethanol, using a method including a saccharification step of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: Novozymes A/S
    Inventors: Hui Xu, Jesper Frickman, Jiyin Liu, Katja Salomon Johansen, Hong Zhi Huang
  • Patent number: 9920345
    Abstract: Methods of processing lignocellulosic biomass to fermentable sugars are provided which rely on hydrothermal pretreatment. Soft lignocellulosic biomass feedstock is pretreated in a single-stage pressurized hydrothermal pretreatment to very low severity. The pre-treated biomass is hydrolysed, typically as a whole slurry, using enzymatic hydrolysis catalysed by an enzyme mixture comprising endoglucanase, exoglucanase, ?-glucosidase, endoxylanase, and ?-xylosidase activities at activity levels in nkat/g glucan of endoglucanase of at least 1100, exoglucanase of at least 280, ?-glucosidase of at least 3000, endoxylanase of at least 1400, and ?-xylosidase of at least 75, so as to produce a hydrolysate in which the yield of C5 monomers is at least 55% of the original xylose and arabinose content of the feedstock prior to pretreatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2018
    Assignee: INBICON A/S
    Inventors: Jan Larsen, Niels Nielsen Poulsen, Martin Dan Jeppesen, Kit Kellebjerg Mogensen
  • Patent number: 9879244
    Abstract: The present invention relates to xylanase variants. The present invention also relates to polynucleotides encoding the variants; nucleic acid constructs, vectors, and host cells comprising the polynucleotides; and methods of using the variants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignee: NOVOZYMES A/S
    Inventor: Mark Wogulis
  • Patent number: 9856465
    Abstract: The present invention provides for heterologous expression of termite and termite-associated symbiont cellulases. The cellulases can, for example, be codon-optimized and expressed in yeast host cells, such as the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The cellulases can also be co-expressed in host cells with other cellulases. The expression in such host cells of the termite and termite-associated symbiont cellulases, and variants and combinations thereof, result in yeast with improved cellulosic activity. Thus, such genes and expression systems are useful for efficient and cost-effective consolidated bioprocessing systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignee: Lallemand Hungary Liquidity Management LLC
    Inventors: Elena E. Brevnova, Vineet Rajgarhia, Mark Mellon, Anne Warner, John McBride, Chhayal Gandhi, Erin Wiswall
  • Patent number: 9834763
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a Myceliophthora thermophila host cell which expresses a recombinant enzymes from Fusarium oxysporum with beta-xylosidase activity. The invention also refers to an enzymatic composition comprising the host cell of the invention and/or the recombinant enzyme with beta-xylosidase activity expressed by the host cell of the invention. The invention further relates to the use of the host cell of the invention, the recombinant enzyme with beta-xylosidase activity expressed by the host cell of the invention or the composition of the invention for the degradation of biomass and to a method of producing bioproducts, preferably bioethanol, which comprises the use of the host cell of the invention, the recombinant enzyme with beta-xylosidase activity expressed by the host cell of the invention or the composition of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2017
    Assignee: Abengoa Bioenergia Nuevas Tecnologias, S.A.
    Inventors: Bruno Diez Garcia, Ana Gomez Rodriguez, Jorge Gil Martinez, Noelia Valbuena Crespo, Antonio Javier Moreno Perez, Rafael Duenas Sanchez, Ana Maria Munoz Gonzalez, Dolores Perez Gomez, Lucia Martin Perez, Sandra Gavalda Martin, Laura Sanchez Zamorano, Consolacion Alvarez Nunez, Maria de los Angeles Bermudez Alcantara, Pablo Gutierrez Gomez, Ricardo Arjona Antolin
  • Patent number: 9738881
    Abstract: The invention relates to a host cell comprising at least four different heterologous polynucleotides chosen from the group of polynucleotides encoding cellulases, hemicellulases and pectinases, wherein the host cell is capable of producing the at least four different enzymes chosen from the group of cellulases, hemicellulases and pectinases, wherein the host cell is a filamentous fungus and is capable of secretion of the at least four different enzymes. This host cell can suitably be used for the production of an enzyme composition that can be used in a process for the saccharification of cellulosic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: DSM IP ASSETS B.V.
    Inventors: Alrik Pieter Los, Cornelis Maria Jacobus Sagt, Margot Elisabeth Francoise Schoonneveld-Bergmans, Robbertus Antonius Damveld
  • Patent number: 9725742
    Abstract: A process for obtaining high ethanol yield from the fermentation of an energy crop and for producing a nutritionally enhanced feed co-product is provided. In particular, the process includes converting non-fermentable polysaccharides in an energy crop into fermentable sugar. The fermentable sugars may be fermented into ethanol thereby enhancing the ethanol yield. In addition, separation of ethanol from the fermentation product yields a whole stillage product having enhanced protein content and reduced fiber content. The process requires little or no modification to the configuration of existing commercial ethanol facilities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: Abengoa Bioenergy New Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Carlos Blázquez Escudero, Pablo Gutiérrez Gómez
  • Patent number: 9675084
    Abstract: Methods are provided for reducing color and/or unpleasant taste and/or malodor development in a composition comprising a plant material, such a cereal bran, in particular during solubilization processes of the plant material. Optimized solubilization methods are provided, wherein color and/or unpleasant taste and/or malodor development is controlled. Solubilized plant material, kit of parts, the use of such solubilized plant material, e.g. in food products or bioethanol are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: DuPont Nutrition Biosciences ApS
    Inventors: René Mikkelsen, Jens Frisbæk Sørensen
  • Patent number: 9663807
    Abstract: Systems and methods are disclosed for treating lignocellulosic biomass to be supplied to a fermentation system for production of a fermentation product. The systems and methods comprise pre-treating the biomass into pre-treated biomass and separating the pre-treated biomass into a liquid component comprising sugars and a solids component comprising cellulose and lignin. The systems and methods also comprise treating the solids component of the pre-treated biomass into a treated component. The biomass comprises lignocellulosic material. Treating the solids component comprises application of an enzyme formulation and makeup water to form a slurry. The enzyme formulation comprises a cellulase enzyme. The makeup water includes a clarified thin stillage composition and/or an anaerobic membrane digester effluent composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: POET RESEARCH, INC.
    Inventors: Neelakantam V. Narendranath, William F. McDonald
  • Patent number: 9611493
    Abstract: Methods and systems for biomass hydrolysis are disclosed. The methods use wash liquor in a sequencing process to maximize sugar yields, particularly C5 saccharides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2017
    Assignee: Renmatix, Inc.
    Inventors: Manuk Colakyan, Ferhan Kayihan
  • Patent number: 9574212
    Abstract: The disclosure provides a process for producing a fermentation product from a lignocellulosic feedstock. The process describes soaking a lignocellulosic feedstock in an aqueous solution to produce a soaked feedstock. The soaked feedstock is at least partially dewatered and the at least partially dewatered feedstock is subjected to pretreating in the presence of sulfur dioxide, sulfurous acid or a combination thereof to produce a pretreated feedstock composition. The pretreated feedstock composition is fed to an enzymatic hydrolysis in which the concentration of dissolved solids fed to the enzymatic hydrolysis is at least 50% (w/w) of the concentration of dissolved solids in the pretreated feedstock composition. The cellulose in the pretreated feedstock composition is hydrolyzed with cellulase enzymes in the presence of the dissolved solids to produce glucose. The glucose is fermented to produce the fermentation product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: Iogen Corporation
    Inventors: Brian Foody, Jeffrey S. Tolan, Daniel MacDonald, Patrick J. Foody
  • Patent number: 9567596
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to compositions and methods useful for the production of heterologous proteins in filamentous fungal cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Assignee: Glykos Finland OY
    Inventors: Christopher Landowski, Anne Huuskonen, Juhani Saarinen, Ann Westerholm-Parvinen, Anne Kanerva, Jari Natunen, Anna-Liisa Hanninen, Noora Salovuori, Merja Penttila, Markku Saloheimo
  • Patent number: 9540665
    Abstract: A recycled textile cotton used for producing ethanol by the execution of a process that includes a step of pretreatment of textile cotton by pulping in an extruder, which may or may not involve a grinding step prior to pulping in the extruder, a step of enzymatic hydrolysis, a step of filtration(s), and a step of fermentation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Assignee: VALAGRO CARBONE RENOUVELABLE POITOU-CHARENTES
    Inventors: Jacques Barbier, Frederic Bataille, Alexandre Briand
  • Patent number: 9518253
    Abstract: The present invention relates to isolated polypeptides having cellobiohydrolase activity and polynucleotides encoding the polypeptides. The invention also relates to nucleic acid constructs, vectors, and host cells comprising the polynucleotides as well as methods of producing and using the polypeptides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Assignee: NOVOZYMES, INC.
    Inventor: Nikolaj Spodsberg
  • Patent number: 9512414
    Abstract: A thermostable ?-glucosidase including a ?-glucosidase catalytic domain, the ?-glucosidase catalytic domain including: (A) a polypeptide including an amino acid sequence represented by SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2; (B) a polypeptide including an amino acid sequence in which at least one amino acid has been deleted, substituted, or added in the amino acid sequence represented by SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2, and having hydrolytic activity using p-nitrophenyl-?-D-glucopyranoside as a substrate at least under conditions of a temperature of 100° C. and a pH of 5.5; or (C) a polypeptide including an amino acid sequence having at least 80% sequence identity with the amino acid sequence represented by SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2, and having hydrolytic activity using p-nitrophenyl-?-D-glucopyranoside as a substrate at least under conditions of a temperature of 100° C. and a pH of 5.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2016
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jiro Okuma, Migiwa Suda, Asuka Yamaguchi, Yoshitsugu Hirose, Yasuhiro Kondo, Masaru Sato, Daisuke Shibata
  • Patent number: 9499635
    Abstract: Provided is a system for localizing and optimizing harvesting of woody biomass by providing a plurality of portable pretreatment units at harvesting or mill sites. The sugars derived from woody waste products can be transported to plants for processing or processing directly by plants located at mill sites to generate biofuels and other chemicals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Assignee: Sweetwater Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Arunas Chesonis, Jerry W. Horton
  • Patent number: 9493802
    Abstract: The invention provides recombinant GH61 proteins obtained from Myceliophtora thermophila, and nucleic acids that encode such proteins. The invention also provides protein fractions isolated from M. thermophila supernatant that have GH61 protein activity. These preparations can be used to increase yield of products from reactions in which a cellulose-containing substrate undergoes saccharification by one or more cellulase enzymes, such as endoglucanase, ?-glucosidase, or cellobiohydrolase. Combinations of GH61 protein and cellulases can be used to break down cellulosic biomass into fermentable sugars in the production of ethanol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2016
    Assignee: Codexis, Inc.
    Inventors: Jie Yang, Louis Clark, Onorato Campopiano, Kripa Rao, Lorand Szabo, Janos Torok, Dipnath Baidyaroy
  • Patent number: 9476077
    Abstract: The present invention provides fungal xylanase and/or beta-xylosidase enzymes suitable for use in saccharification reactions. The present application further provides genetically modified fungal organisms that produce xylanase and/or beta-xylosidases, as well as enzyme mixtures exhibiting enhanced hydrolysis of cellulosic material to fermentable sugars, enzyme mixtures produced by the genetically modified fungal organisms, and methods for producing fermentable sugars from cellulose using such enzyme mixtures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: Codexis, Inc.
    Inventors: Ryan Fong, Xiyun Zhang, Chris Noriega, Nicholas Agard, Anupam Gohel, Derek Smith
  • Patent number: 9434919
    Abstract: The present invention provides fungal proteases and improved fungal strains that are deficient in protease production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Assignee: Codexis, Inc.
    Inventors: Lorand Szabo, Zsolt Molnar, Attila Laszlo Nemeth
  • Patent number: 9404134
    Abstract: Isolated and/or purified polypeptides and nucleic acid sequences encoding polypeptides from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius are provided. Further provided are methods of at least partially degrading, cleaving, or removing polysaccharides, lignocellulose, cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, starch, chitin, polyhydroxybutyrate, heteroxylans, glycosides, xylan-, glucan-, galactan-, or mannan-decorating groups using isolated and/or purified polypeptides and nucleic acid sequences encoding polypeptides from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2016
    Assignee: Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC
    Inventors: David N Thompson, William A Apel, Vicki S Thompson, David W Reed, Jeffrey A Lacey, Emily D. Henriksen
  • Patent number: 9371551
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods for degrading or converting a cellulosic material and for producing substances from the cellulosic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2016
    Assignee: Novozymes, Inc.
    Inventor: Feng Xu
  • Patent number: 9353391
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compositions comprising: a polypeptide having cellulolytic enhancing activity and a nitrogen-containing compound. The present invention also relates to methods of using the compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2016
    Assignee: NOVOZYMES, INC.
    Inventors: Jason Quinlan, Feng Xu, Matthew Sweeney
  • Patent number: 9328365
    Abstract: A process for producing a saccharified solution in an improved yield when filtering the mixture obtained by saccharifying lignocellulosic biomass is provided. A mixture containing a saccharified solution and an undecomposed biomass residue by treating a substrate biomass using a saccharification enzyme is obtained. The mixture is filtered to obtain the saccharified solution as a filtrate. Before filtering the mixture, 95% by mass or more of the particles, based on the total amount of particles contained in a centrifuged supernatant of the mixture, is adjusted to have a particle size ranging from 1 to 30 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Hiroyuki Tanaka
  • Patent number: 9328393
    Abstract: Biomass feedstocks (e.g., plant biomass, animal biomass, and municipal waste biomass) are processed to produce useful products, such as fuels. For example, systems are described that can convert feedstock materials to a sugar solution, which can then be fermented to produce a product such as a biofuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: XYLECO, INC.
    Inventors: Marshall Medoff, Seul-a Bae, Randy Valdez, Thomas Craig Masterman
  • Patent number: 9322042
    Abstract: The present invention provides for a composition comprising an ionic liquid and a thermostable cellulose, and a method of hydrolyzing a cellulose, comprising: (a) providing a composition comprising a solution comprising an ionic liquid and a cellulose, and (b) introducing a thermostable cellulase to the solution, such that the cellulose is hydrolyzed by the cellulase. The present invention also provides for a Thermatoga maritima thermostable cellulase mutant with increased cellulase activity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Assignees: The Regents of the University of California, Sandia Corporation
    Inventors: Rajat Sapra, Supratim Datta, Zhiwei Chen, Bradley M. Holmes, Blake A. Simmons, Harvey W. Blanch
  • Patent number: 9322038
    Abstract: Methods for producing lipids from lignocellulosic biomass are provided. Sugars produced by pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass are utilized by heterotrophic oleaginous fungi or yeast to increase their biomass and to produce lipids without prior detoxification of the pretreated biomass. After the fungi/yeast are cultured with the sugars, solid residues from the pretreated biomass are combined with the fungi/yeast under conditions which allow simultaneous 1) enzymatic degradation of cellulose and/or hemicellulose to produce sugars and 2) fermentation of the sugars for further increases in biomass and lipid production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Assignee: Washington State University
    Inventors: Xiaochen Yu, Jijiao Zeng, Yubin Zheng, Mahesh Bule, Shulin Chen
  • Patent number: 9303254
    Abstract: Chimeric alpha-amylases having the characteristics of high thermostability and good performance in starch degradation, especially high-temperature liquefaction processes, are provided. The alpha-amylases are chimeras of AmyL and AmyS enzymes, and are useful in starch degradation processes. Methods of making the chimeric enzymes, and methods of using the chimeric alpha-amylases for liquefaction, cleaning starch residue from a surface, and treating woven material to remove coatings. Kits for practicing the methods are provided. Polynucleotides encoding the chimeric amylases, vectors, and expression hosts also are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: Danisco US Inc.
    Inventors: Scott D. Power, Andrew Shaw
  • Patent number: 9187770
    Abstract: The process for the production of alcohol and/or solvent from a biomass feedstock comprises the stages for pretreatment (P) of the biomass feedstock, for enzymatic hydrolysis (H) of the pretreated substrate, and for fermenting the hydrolyzate (F). To reduce the size of the fermenters, at least a portion of the solid residue contained in the hydrolyzate is extracted (Ex1) in such a way as to obtain a stream of solid residue (9) comprising lignin and a hydrolyzate (8) that is low in solid residue. Then, the stream of solid residue is washed (L) with a liquid stream in such a way as to recover a sugar-enriched liquid stream (15). The sugar-enriched liquid stream (15) is recycled in the enzymatic hydrolysis stage (H) to be able to upgrade the sugars without providing dilution of the streams in the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Caroline Aymard, Pierre Antoine Bouillon, Stephanie Fleurier, Sylvain Louret, Larissa Perotta, Eszter Toth
  • Patent number: 9150895
    Abstract: A method of hydrolysis of cellulose uses a filamentous fungus-derived cellulase as a carbohydrase and includes adding the carbohydrase to cellulose to perform primary hydrolysis and then subjecting the primary hydrolysate to solid-liquid separation into a primary sugar liquid and solids; adding water to the solids and performing secondary hydrolysis, followed by subjecting the secondary hydrolysate to solid-liquid separation into a secondary sugar liquid and a residue; and filtering the primary sugar liquid and/or secondary sugar liquid through an ultrafiltration membrane, and recovering the carbohydrase from the feed side and recovering a sugar solution from the permeate side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2015
    Assignee: Toray Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Kurihara, Atsushi Minamino, Yuki Yamamoto, Katsushige Yamada
  • Patent number: 9102926
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compositions and methods of producing bioenergy products and metabolites of industrial interest from lignocellulosic biomass. More specifically, the invention describes the identification, characterization and isolation of novel bacteria having the remarkable ability to transform lignocellulosic biomass into fermentable sugars and, even more remarkably, into bioenergy products and metabolites. The invention also discloses a method to isolate such bacteria, compositions comprising such bacteria, and their uses for the modification of lignocellulosic biomass, with a view to producing bioenergy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Assignees: DEINOVE, CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
    Inventors: Cathy Isop, Pascale Joesph, Jean-Paul Leonetti, Jacques Biton