With A Continuously Flowing Sample Or Carrier Stream Patents (Class 436/52)
  • Patent number: 9977015
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for detecting or measuring binding affinity between different compositions. The methods include contacting one or more magnetic beads having a surface including a first composition with a substrate having a surface including a second composition; applying a rotating magnetic field to the one or more magnetic beads effective to cause the one or more magnetic beads to move across the surface of the substrate; measuring the movement of the one or more magnetic beads across the substrate surface to determine a translational velocity; and determining a binding affinity between the first and second compositions from the translational velocity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Charles E. Sing, Joshua P. Steimel, Alfredo Alexander-Katz
  • Patent number: 9851347
    Abstract: A flow conduit system (100, 200a, 200b) suitable for biochemical sensing, the flow conduit system (100, 200a, 200b) having a first flow cell conduit (1) with one or more sensing areas for biochemical sensing; a first selector valve (4); a first inlet/outlet conduit (2) which fluidly connects the first flow cell conduit (1) to the first selector valve (4); a first injection conduit (6) having a first end and a second end; a second injection conduit (7) having a first end and a second end; a fluid injecting means (8) fluidly connected to the second ends of each of the first and second injection conduits (6, 7) so that the fluid injecting means can selectively inject fluids into the first and/or second injection conduits (6,7); wherein the first injection conduit (6) is fluidly connected, at its first end, to the first inlet/outlet conduit (2) by a valveless junction (9), and the second injection conduits (6) is fluidly connected, at its first end, to the first inlet/outlet conduit (2) by a valveless junction (9
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: Creoptix AG
    Inventor: Kaspar Cottier
  • Patent number: 9669403
    Abstract: Provided is a microparticle measurement device that can deliver a liquid that is used in the analysis of microparticles in a stable manner. The microparticle measurement device includes a plurality of first tank units to which a liquid is supplied from the outside, and which are respectively arranged in parallel, and a bulb unit that is connected to the plurality of first tank units, and which switches to a state in which it is possible to deliver the liquid to a flow channel through which microparticles flow. According to this microparticle measurement device, in addition to performing liquid delivery from a portion of first tank units, in which the replenishment of liquid has been completed, to a flow channel, it is possible to supply liquid from the outside to first tank units other than the first tank units that are delivering liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventor: Yosuke Muraki
  • Patent number: 9494581
    Abstract: A Raman spectroscopy technique allows an analyte, a paramagnetic particle, and a spectral enhancement particle to combine in solution and for the combination product to be localized by a magnetic field for analysis. The spectral enhancement particle may be comprised of an active SERS metal particle with or without a material coating. The spectral enhancement particle may function as a reporter for the presence of the analyte or merely increase the magnitude of the Raman spectrum of the analyte. The technique is applicable to both immunoassays and chemical assays. Multiple spectral enhancement particle reporters may be measured in a single assay that can detect multiple analytes using the SERS effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2016
    Assignee: University of Wyoming
    Inventors: Keith T. Carron, Bryan H. Ray
  • Patent number: 9352322
    Abstract: The invention relates to continuous flow systems, in particular thermocyclers for the automated and continuous cycling of fluid between a plurality of temperature zones in the amplification of nucleic acids. The invention also relates to an improved sample port for introducing a volume of a liquid sample into a continuous flow system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2016
    Assignee: QIAGEN INSTRUMENTS AG
    Inventors: Keith Stanley, John Corbett
  • Patent number: 9322047
    Abstract: A device and methods are provided for efficient and quick capture of target cells through a main microchannel having capture elements immobilized thereon and manipulating a velocity profile of a sample as it passes through the main microchannel. The cell capture device may have a main microchannel with a depth slightly larger than the diameter of the target cells and a plurality of side microchannels. The side microchannels may have a depth smaller than the diameter of the target cells. The device and methods may be used for early cancer detection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Assignee: BOARD OF SUPERVISORS OF LOUISIANA STATE UNIVERSITY AND AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE
    Inventors: Taehyun Park, Daniel Sang-Won Park, Sudheer D Rani, Michael C Murphy, Dimitris E Nikitopoulos
  • Patent number: 9170232
    Abstract: A system and methodology for the detection of threat substances is described. The detector system consists of a method to evaporate the sample into a primary separator and thermal release of trapped target materials into a secondary separator like conventional GC. The GC column is thermally ramped to elute all substances and the end of the column terminates into an atmospheric pressure chemical ionization source of an axial ion mobility spectrometer (AIMS). Both polarity ions are pulsed into a single construction separator tube at different timing. Their arrival time is detected on a collector plate, which allows registering their ion mobility spectra of both polarities for a single GC peak.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2015
    Assignee: Teknoscan Systems Inc.
    Inventors: Sabatino Nacson, Aleksandar Crnatovic, George Wiseman
  • Patent number: 9134238
    Abstract: The invention provides a method and apparatus for determining the amount of various materials in a liquid sample. Because the apparatus is particularly resilient it can be used repeatedly with very harsh liquid samples such as boot water from an oil refinery. The apparatus uses at least one volume and/or concentration independent optical analysis method to determine at least one of: the pH, amount of chloride, and/or amount of iron in the sample. The optical property can be colorimetric, fluorescent or both and result from adding dyes, complexing agents, turbidity inducing compounds, and other optically effecting reagents to the sample. Because the measurements are concentration and volume independent they can be done continuously, quickly, and avoid the inconvenient start and stop procedures in prior art measurement regimens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: NALCO COMPANY
    Inventors: Rodney H. Banks, Steven R. Ciota, Sascha J. Welz
  • Patent number: 9028758
    Abstract: Apparatus for detecting substances in an air sample, the apparatus including: a source of air pressure differential; a cyclone connected to the source of air pressure differential; an air input port connected to the cyclone, to receive the air sample; a substance output port connected to the cyclone, to receive the substances; an input port configured to disperse a finely separated material so that it mixes with said sample; and a detector located at the substance output port, to detect a chemical change in at least one of the substances and the finely separated material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Explodet Technologies Ltd.
    Inventors: Alex Keinan, Yevgeny Miroshnichenko, Mark Paradny
  • Patent number: 8999264
    Abstract: A coating formula and method for surface coating non-porous surfaces. Microfluidic devices including said coating achieve desired properties including increased hydrophilicity, improved adhesion, stability and optical clarity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics Inc.
    Inventor: Michael J. Pugia
  • Patent number: 8986983
    Abstract: Cassette (50) performs assays, e.g. multiplexed protein biomarker assays. Wide, bubble-free, slow flows are produced from liquids stored on cassette (50), flowing over wide array (20) of ligand receptors on a capture surface. Flows of Reynolds Number less than about 1, preferably 1×10?1 to 5×10?3, are heated in region (34) preceding and including bubble removal system (128). Analyte is introduced through compressed septum (32). External actuations of displacement pumps (30, 37) and valves (137 A, B, and C) produce flows in response to flow-front optical sensors (150, 152). Elastic sheet provides pump and valve diaphragms and resilient expansion of mixing volume (131). Break-away cover portions are pistons. Heating is by conduction through cassette from external contact heater. Planar cassette body, when tilted from horizontal, enables upward flow from pumped storage (134, 135) to reaction (133) to waste (139), with buoyancy bubble removal before reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Courtagen Life Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Jean I. Montagu, Herman Deweerd, Roger Dowd, Natalia Rodionova, Peter Maimonis, Nathan Tyburczy
  • Patent number: 8961898
    Abstract: The present invention provides a bilayer membrane produced using a microchannel capable of easily forming bilayer membranes such as planar lipid bilayer membranes in large quantities, and a production method thereof. A process for producing a bilayer membrane of the present invention comprises forming a state where two liquid phases or liquid and gaseous phases each containing amphipathic molecules are alternately arranged in a microchannel, discharging one of the two liquid phases or the gaseous phase of the liquid and gaseous phases through branch minichannels formed in the wall on one side or in the walls on both sides to contact the remaining liquid phases adjacent to each other, and thereby forming a side-by-side arrangement of bilayer membranes comprising the amphipathic molecules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Tokyo Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Takasi Nisisako, Takahiro Baba
  • Patent number: 8945936
    Abstract: In one aspect of the invention, a method includes determining an amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) in dialysate flowing through a dialysis system using a CO2 sensor associated with the dialysis system, determining, using a pH sensor associated with the dialysis system, a pH level of the dialysate, and calculating a level of bicarbonate in the dialysate based at least in part on the determined amount of CO2 measured in the gas and the determined pH level of the dialysate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Fresenius Medical Care Holdings, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen R. Ash, Thomas A. Sullivan, David Carr, Michael James Beiriger
  • Patent number: 8906697
    Abstract: A method and a device for the assessment of at least one parameter of particles in a liquid analyte material are disclosed. The method comprises providing a device having a sample compartment with an exposing domain, an inlet through which a volume of a liquid sample representing the analyte material can been introduced, and a flow system comprising at least a channel allowing at least a portion of the volume of the liquid sample to flow within the device. The volume of the liquid sample passes into the exposing domain of the sample compartment, which can quantitatively detect spatial image data and process the detected image electromagnetic signals from the sample in the exposing domain of the device. A spatial image representation of the exposing domain, and processing the detected image presentation obtaining the assessment of the at least one parameter is generated in the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: ChemoMetec A/S
    Inventor: Martin Glensbjerg
  • Patent number: 8906672
    Abstract: A single injection gradient with a biosensor, both structural and methodological, achieves the binding of analyte to immobilized ligand over a wide concentration range without the necessity of regeneration of the sensing area. A gradient of concentrations adjacent to or within a flow cell facilitates kinetic analysis of interactions without requiring multiple discrete volumes or injections to achieve a range of concentrations. A continuous gradient fluid is preferably formed directly adjacent to the flow cell inlet or a region of sample/buffer dispersion at an injection point into a flow channel of a flow cell. The analyte gradient may be flowed through the flow cell from a low analyte concentration. Multiple component gradients are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Flir Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: John Gerard Quinn
  • Patent number: 8889072
    Abstract: Disclosed are computer-implemented methods of sorting particles from a particle stream in a flow cytometer. The methods include: calculating sort decision making parameters using the raw event data values from a flow cytometer and a sort logic; performing sort logic computations using the sort logic definition and the sort decision making parameters to generate sort decisions; converting the sort decisions into sort commands; and sending the one or more sort commands to the flow cytometer. Sort logic computations may include algorithmically using conditional branching logic, and may include sort logic equations having mathematical functions characterizing one or more regions of interest in multidimensional data space. Such mathematical functions may be determined based on one or more parameters provided by a user. Also disclosed are corresponding systems having a flow cytometer and a computer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Beckman Coulter, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey W. Degeal, Charles S. Bay, Edward A. Stanton, Paul Barclay Purcell, George C. Malachowski
  • Patent number: 8845981
    Abstract: A device for volumetric metering a liquid biologic sample is provided. The device includes an initial chamber, a second chamber, a third chamber, a first valve, a second valve and a third valve. The chambers are each configured so that liquid sample disposed in the respective chamber is subject to capillary forces. Each chamber has a volume, and the volume of the initial chamber is greater than the volume of either the second or the third chambers. The valves each have a burst pressure. The burst pressure of the first valve is greater than the third burst pressure. The first valve is in fluid communication with the second chamber. The second valve is disposed between, and is in fluid communication with, the initial chamber and the third chamber. The third valve is in fluid communication with the third chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Abbott Point of Care, Inc.
    Inventor: Manav Mehta
  • Patent number: 8834796
    Abstract: A chromatographic optical detection system includes an optical detector disposed to receive light scattered from a stream of particles and configured to convert the received light to an electrical signal; a signal-processing unit in signal communication with the optical detector to receive the electrical signal, and configured to convert the electrical signal to digital pulses and count the digital pulses to output a first signal corresponding to a number of particles detected in a time interval, and configured to integrate and digitize the electrical signal to output a second signal corresponding to the number of particles detected in the time interval; and a data station in signal communication with the signal-processing unit, and configured to select the first signal, if the number of particles detected in the time interval is less than a threshold criterion, and to select the second signal if the number of particles detected in the time interval exceeds the threshold criterion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Waters Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: Joseph A. Jarrell
  • Patent number: 8807879
    Abstract: Various systems, methods, and devices are provided for focusing particles suspended within a moving fluid into one or more localized stream lines. The system can include a substrate and at least one channel provided on the substrate having an inlet and an outlet. The system can further include a fluid moving along the channel in a laminar flow having suspended particles and a pumping element driving the laminar flow of the fluid. The fluid, the channel, and the pumping element can be configured to cause inertial forces to act on the particles and to focus the particles into one or more stream lines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: The General Hospital Corporation
    Inventors: Mehmet Toner, Dino Dicarlo, Jon F. Edd, Daniel Irimia
  • Patent number: 8808624
    Abstract: This blood analyzer includes a sample preparation portion preparing a measurement sample free from a labeling substance from a blood sample and a hemolytic agent free from a labeling substance, a light information generation portion generating fluorescent information and at least two types of scattered light information from the measurement sample and a control portion performing a first classification of white blood cells in the measurement sample into at least four groups of monocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils and others on the basis of the fluorescent information and the two types of scattered light information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Sysmex Corporation
    Inventors: Hideaki Matsumoto, Kinya Uchihashi, Yuji Itose, Aya Konishi
  • Patent number: 8802441
    Abstract: There is provided a method for synthesizing colloidal nanoparticles comprising the step of creating a reactive three-phase foam containing reactants therein for synthesizing the colloidal nanoparticles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: National University of Singapore
    Inventors: Saif A. Khan, Suhanya Duraiswamy
  • Patent number: 8784749
    Abstract: This invention provides a digital microfluidic manipulation device and a manipulation method thereof. This device comprises a PDMS membrane having a surface comprising a plurality of hydrophobic microstructures; a plurality of air chambers arranged in an array and placed under the PDMS membrane; and a plurality of air channels, each of which connects to a corresponding one of the plurality of air chambers. When a suction force is transmitted via one of the plurality of air channels to the corresponding air chamber, a portion of the PDMS membrane above the air chamber deforms toward the air chamber, so that the surface morphology and the contact angle of the liquid/solid interface of the surface comprising the plurality of hydrophobic microstructures are altered and thereby to drive droplets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: National Taiwan University
    Inventors: Jing-Tang Yang, Chao-Jyun Huang, Chih-Yu Hwang
  • Patent number: 8784012
    Abstract: Various systems, methods, and devices are provided for focusing particles suspended within a moving fluid into one or more localized stream lines. The system can include a substrate and at least one channel provided on the substrate having an inlet and an outlet. The system can further include a fluid moving along the channel in a laminar flow having suspended particles and a pumping element driving the laminar flow of the fluid. The fluid, the channel, and the pumping element can be configured to cause inertial forces to act on the particles and to focus the particles into one or more stream lines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: The General Hospital Corporation
    Inventors: Mehmet Toner, Dino DiCarlo, Jon F. Edd, Daniel Irimia
  • Patent number: 8758678
    Abstract: A machine for producing and dispensing liquid and semi-liquid consumer food products such as ice creams, whipped cream, yogurt and the like comprises a container for a basic product of the consumer food product, a feed and treatment circuit for the basic product, comprising a feed pump, dispensing means positioned at an outfeed end of the feed and treatment circuit, and a device for checking the bacterial load of the product during production/dispensing; an electronic control unit controlling and regulating the various steps for measuring the bacterial load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Ali S.p.A.
    Inventors: Gino Cocchi, Roberto Lazzarini, Gianni Zaniboni
  • Patent number: 8722419
    Abstract: Mass cytometry method. In one aspect, the method includes providing a sample having at least one cell type and mixing the sample with material such as nanoparticles functionalized with affinity molecules for the at least one cell type. The sample is transported through a suspended microchannel resonator to record a mass histogram and a cell count for the at least one cell type is determined from the histogram.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Scott R. Manalis, Thomas P. Burg, Michel Godin, Kenneth Babcock
  • Patent number: 8716026
    Abstract: Methods and systems for determining composition and completion of an experiment are provided. One-computer-implemented method for determining composition and completion of an experiment includes determining one or more characteristics of data acquired during the experiment and determining if the experiment is completed based on the one or more characteristics. One system configured to determine composition and completion of an experiment includes a processor configured to determine one or more characteristics of data acquired during the experiment and to determine if the experiment is completed based on the one or more characteristics. Another system configured to perform an experiment includes a measurement subsystem configured to acquire data during the experiment and a processor configured to determine one or more characteristics of the data during the experiment and to determine the composition of the experiment and if the experiment is completed based on the one or more characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Luminex Corporation
    Inventor: Allen G. Ward
  • Patent number: 8709820
    Abstract: A concentration measuring apparatus for hydrogen sulfide includes an absorbing liquid that can absorb gaseous hydrogen sulfide as sulfide ion; a hollow fiber membrane contactor that contacts a gas flow with a flow of the absorbing liquid through a membrane, so that the absorbing liquid absorbs gaseous hydrogen sulfide in the gas flow as sulfide ion; a pump for a first channel that feeds the absorbing liquid to the hollow fiber membrane contactor; an oxidizer that exothermically reacts with sulfide ion; a pump for a second channel that feeds the oxidizer to the absorbing liquid; a first thermometer that measures a temperature of the absorbing liquid before the sulfide ion that the absorbing liquid has absorbed exothermically reacts with the oxidizer; and a second thermometer that measures the temperature of the absorbing liquid after the sulfide ion that the absorbing liquid has absorbed exothermically reacts with the oxidizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignees: Japan Cooperation Center, Petroleum, United Arab Emirates University
    Inventors: Sayed Marzouk, Mohamed Al Marzouqi
  • Patent number: 8703070
    Abstract: Apparatus for immunoassay includes: a cartridge, including at least one test unit; a pin-film assembly, having a second sealing film, a plurality of pierce mechanisms, and a first actuation unit; a plurality of magnetic particles; at least one first magnetic unit; and at least one second magnetic unit. The test unit includes a plurality of fluid chambers, a plurality of pin chambers, a microchannel structure, a buffer chamber, a detection chamber and a waste chamber. The first actuation unit drives the pierce mechanisms to enable a working fluid to flow into the detection chamber storing the magnetic particles. As the second magnetic unit has a magnetic force larger than that of the first magnetic unit and can move reciprocatingly between a third position and a fourth position, the magnetic particles are driven to move reciprocatingly inside the detection chamber, thereby fully mixing the magnetic particles with the working fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Shaw-Hwa Parng, Chih-Wen Yang, Yu-Yin Tsai, Yi-Chau Huang
  • Patent number: 8703491
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a sample supply device that alternates between the supply of samples from one sample line while cleaning a second sample line and then supplying a second sample from the second sample line while cleaning the first sample line. This is repeated in rapid succession to allow greater speed in analyzing a plurality of samples in a shorter amount of time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Vivia Biotech S.L.
    Inventor: Alex Okun
  • Patent number: 8697008
    Abstract: A method and device for periodically perturbing the flow field within a microfluidic device to provide regular droplet formation at high speed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Andrew Clarke, Nicholas J. Dartnell, Christopher B. Rider
  • Patent number: 8679856
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus are described for the processing (for example washing, incubation, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Silicon Biosystems S.p.A.
    Inventor: Nicolò Manaresi
  • Patent number: 8642345
    Abstract: A method of measuring a chemical vapor concentration is provided. A chemical vapor sensor measures a chemical species of interest with high sensitivity and chemical specificity. In an aspect, an ethanol vapor sensor is provided, sized for being inconspicuous and on-board a vehicle, having a passive measurement mode and an active breathalyzer mode, for detecting a motor vehicle driver that exceeds a legal limit of blood alcohol concentration (BAC), for use with vehicle safety systems. For the passive mode, a vapor concentrator is utilized to amplify a sampled vapor concentration to a detectable level for use with an infrared (IR) detector. In an aspect, ethanol vapor in a vehicle cabin is passively measured and if a predetermined ethanol level is measured, a countermeasure is invoked to improve safety. In an aspect, an active breathalyzer is used as a countermeasure. The active breathalyzer can be imposed for a number of vehicle trips or for a predetermined time period.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Delphi Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Michel F. Sultan, David K. Lambert
  • Patent number: 8637261
    Abstract: The present invention, provides a flow cytometry apparatus for the detection of particles from a plurality of samples comprising: means for moving a plurality of samples comprising particles from a plurality of respective source wells into a fluid flow stream; means for introducing a separation gas between each of the plurality of samples in the fluid flow stream; and means for selectively analyzing each of the plurality of samples for the particles. The present invention also provides a flow cytometry method employing such an apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: STC.UNM
    Inventors: Larry A Sklar, Bruce Edwards, Frederick Kuckuck
  • Patent number: 8623297
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a device, to a system, and to a method for the preparation and fractioned dispensing of samples of a fluid. The device of the invention comprises a body having formed therein guide means suitable for receiving a sample-taker member and for guiding it in translation through the device, and at least one preparation chamber enabling an aliquot of a fluid sample dispensed into the chamber by a said sample-taker member to be prepared in a stream of a suitable reagent. The guide means pass through the preparation chamber and communicate therewith to enable an aliquot of fluid to be dispensed into the chamber in a determined position of the sample-taker member in the guide means. The preparation chamber has an introduction orifice for introducing at least one reagent into the chamber for mixing the reagent with an aliquot, and at least one dispensing orifice for dispensing the mixture formed by said aliquot and said reagent to recovery and/or analysis means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: Horiba ABX SAS
    Inventors: Roger Le Comte, Guilhem Couderc, Paul Moreno
  • Patent number: 8590567
    Abstract: A device to enhance sealing is provided. The device includes a body and a pressure cup. The pressure cup includes a channel, a first pressure channel, and a second pressure channel. The channel is formed in a surface of the body to surround a first portion of the surface. The channel is configured to hold an o-ring. The first pressure channel extends through the body and opens into the first portion of the surface. The second pressure channel extends through the body and opens into the channel. Pneumatic pressure within the second pressure channel is controlled to hold the o-ring in the channel when a second pressure within the first pressure channel changes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Semba Biosciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Andrew Paul Wilke, Robert Charles Mierendorf, Anthony Charles Grabski, Cunjiang Cheng
  • Patent number: 8580570
    Abstract: A polymer-based PLOT capillary column prepared by in situ copolymerization of a functional monomer, which usually contains the retentive chemistries, and a crosslinking monomer, which enhances the strength of the polymer matrix, is disclosed. Also disclosed is a system comprising the polymer-based PLOT column coupled to a mass flow or concentration sensitive detector, for carrying out a chemical analysis method on samples separated by liquid chromatography using the column, and a process for using the system. Columns of the invention can be prepared in a robust fashion with a very narrow i.d., e.g., 5-15 ?m. Thus, they are suitable for commercial use in ultratrace LC/MS proteomic analysis. Columns according to the invention are characterized by high resolving power and high column-to-column reproducibility. When these columns are coupled on-line with, e.g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Northeastern University
    Inventors: Barry L. Karger, Jian Zhang
  • Patent number: 8524506
    Abstract: Methods for sampling a liquid flow are provided. The method includes supplying a continuous liquid flow from a continuous flow fluid input source to a surface along a first flow path. The method additionally includes sampling the continuous liquid flow by performing an electric field-based technique to split off a sample droplet from a portion of the liquid flow, whereby the sample droplet is distinct from the liquid flow and controllable independently of the liquid flow, wherein the electric field-based technique is performed by providing a set of electrodes on the surface and selectively biasing the set of electrodes, whereby the sample droplet is formed on one of the set of electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: Duke University
    Inventors: Vamsee K. Pamula, Michael G. Pollack, Richard B. Fair
  • Patent number: 8507262
    Abstract: Disclosed is a bubble excluder device (2) adapted for use with, and attachment to, a probe (6) for continuous measurement of the cell density of a culture in a liquid medium; the bubble excluder device comprising an inlet and an outlet to allow flow of liquid through the device and bubble exclusion means (20) to reduce or prevent ingress of bubbles from the liquid medium outside the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Cytoprom Ltd
    Inventors: Edmund Kunji, Shane Palmer
  • Patent number: 8501482
    Abstract: An apparatus, intended for use in analyzing particles in urine is disclosed, that comprising: a sample distribution section for distributing urine samples to a first aliquot and a second aliquot; a first specimen preparing section for preparing a first specimen for measuring urinary particles, containing at least erythrocytes, by mixing a first stain reagent and the first aliquot; a second specimen preparing section for preparing a second specimen for measuring bacteria by mixing a second stain reagent and the second aliquot; and an optical detecting section comprising a light source for irradiating a light to a specimen being supplied, a scattered light receiving element for detecting scattered light emitted from the specimen, and a fluorescence receiving element for detecting fluorescence emitted from the specimen. A method intended for use in analyzing particles in urine is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Sysmex Corporation
    Inventors: Yousuke Tanaka, Junya Inoue, Masatsugu Ozasa, Yasuyuki Kawashima
  • Patent number: 8486645
    Abstract: Novel gene deletions and translocations involving chromosome 2 resulting in fusion proteins combining part of Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK) kinase with part of a secondary protein have now been identified in human solid tumors, e.g. non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Secondary proteins include Echinoderm Microtubule-Associated Protein-Like 4 (EML-4) and TRK-Fusion Gene (TFG). The EML4-ALK fusion protein, which retains ALK tyrosine kinase activity, was confirmed to drive the proliferation and survival of NSCLC characterized by this mutation. The invention therefore provides, in part, isolated polynucleotides and vectors encoding the disclosed mutant polypeptides, probes for detecting it, isolated mutant polypeptides, and reagents for detecting the fusion and truncated polypeptides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Klarisa Rikova, Herbert Haack, Laura Sullivan, Ailan Guo, Anthony Possemato, Joan MacNeill, Ting-Lei Gu, Jian Yu
  • Patent number: 8486349
    Abstract: A microfluidic-based flow assay and methods of manufacturing the same are provided. Specifically, the microfluidic flow assay includes a micropatterned surface that induces clot formation and an array of microfluidic channels though which blood flows. The micropatterned surface contains two clotting stimuli, one for inducing platelet adhesion and another for inducing the coagulation cascade.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Colorado School of Mines
    Inventors: Keith Benjamin Neeves, Ryan R. Hansen
  • Patent number: 8486703
    Abstract: A method of analyzing a chemical composition of a specimen is described. The method can include providing a probe comprising an outer capillary tube and an inner capillary tube disposed co-axially within the outer capillary tube, where the inner and outer capillary tubes define a solvent capillary and a sampling capillary in fluid communication with one another at a distal end of the probe; contacting a target site on a surface of a specimen with a solvent in fluid communication with the probe; maintaining a plug volume proximate a solvent-specimen interface, wherein the plug volume is in fluid communication with the probe; draining plug sampling fluid from the plug volume through the sampling capillary; and analyzing a chemical composition of the plug sampling fluid with an analytical instrument. A system for performing the method is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: UT-Battelle, LLC
    Inventors: Gary J. Van Berkel, Mariam S. Elnaggar
  • Patent number: 8470246
    Abstract: The fluidic system including a sheath pump that pumps sheath fluid from a sheath container into an interrogation zone, a waste pump that pumps waste fluid from the interrogation zone to a waste container, in which the flow rate of the sheath fluid is different from the flow rate of the waste fluid thereby drawing a sample fluid from a sample container into the interrogation zone, a detection system that provides a data set of input signals from the sample fluid, an analysis engine that recognizes aggregate particle events in the data set, and a controller that automatically adjusts the flow rate of the sample fluid into the interrogation zone based on the recognition of aggregate particle events, by controlling at least one of the flow rates of the sheath fluid and the waste fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Accuri Cytometers, Inc.
    Inventor: Collin A. Rich
  • Patent number: 8465697
    Abstract: Disclosed are a system and method for regulating flow in an exemplary fluidic device comprising a fluidic stream carrying a transport medium, sample and one or more reagents for analysis and synthesis of reaction products. The flow rate of the fluidic stream is maintained constant by adjusting the flow rate of transport medium to compensate for the introduction of sample and reagents. An embodiment controls the flow rate of transport medium using a pump, a back pressure regulator, and a variable-sized orifice. Single and multiple channel embodiments are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: O.I. Corporation
    Inventors: Gary L. Erickson, Craig Ranger
  • Patent number: 8455262
    Abstract: A method to avert an unlawfully intoxicated driver from operating a vehicle is provided. The method utilizes a passive ethanol vapor sensor to measure ethanol vapor concentration in air from a vehicle cabin and imposes a safety response when the passive ethanol vapor sensor detects that a sample of vehicle cabin air indicates that a vehicle occupant exceeds the legal blood alcohol concentration (BAC) for a motor vehicle driver. The ethanol vapor sensor may have a passive measurement mode and an active breathalyzer mode. Ethanol vapor in a vehicle cabin may be passively measured and if a predetermined ethanol level is measured, a countermeasure is invoked to improve safety. An active breathalyzer may be used as a countermeasure. The active breathalyzer can be imposed for a number of vehicle trips or for a predetermined time period.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignee: Delphi Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Michel F. Sultan, David K. Lambert
  • Patent number: 8445286
    Abstract: The flow cytometer system of the preferred embodiment includes a flow cell body that functions to contain, protect, and align the components of the flow cytometer system; a flow channel, coupled to the flow cell body, that functions to conduct and focus sample fluid through an interrogation zone; and a sample injection probe, removably coupled to the flow cell body, that functions to provide a uniform flow of sample fluid to the flow channel. The flow cytometer system is preferably designed for the flow cytometer field. The flow cytometer system, however, may be alternatively used in any suitable environment and for any suitable reason.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Accuri Cytometers, Inc.
    Inventors: Nathaniel C. Bair, Collin A. Rich, Mark Robert Eadie, Rebecca Ann Lehrmann
  • Patent number: 8420397
    Abstract: Fluid flow devices include a small plate (2), at least one flow channel (20) formed into this small plate, at least one storage channel (221-226) extending from this connection channel, and a set of valves (V1-V6), each of which is suitable for allowing or stopping the flow of fluid in a corresponding storage channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignees: Rhodia Operations, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (C.N.R.S.)
    Inventors: Mathieu Joanicot, Philippe Laval, Jean-Baptiste Salmon
  • Patent number: 8362919
    Abstract: A system for sensing and communicating in a pipeline that contains a fluid. An acoustic signal containing information about a property of the fluid is produced in the pipeline. The signal is transmitted through the pipeline. The signal is received with the information and used by a control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC
    Inventors: John F. Cooper, Alan K. Burnham
  • Patent number: 8343778
    Abstract: The invention encompasses microfluidic microarray assemblies (MMA) and subassemblies and methods for their manufacture and use. In one embodiment, first and second channel plates are provided and are sealingly connected to a test chip in consecutive steps. Each plate includes microfluidic channels configured in a predetermined reagent distribution pattern. The test chip comprises a plurality of discrete test positions, each test position being located at the intersection between a first predetermined reagent pattern and a second predetermined reagent pattern, wherein at least one of said patterns is non-linear. The first channel plate allows the distribution of a first reagent on said test chip, wherein said first reagent is immobilized at said test positions. The second channel plate allows the distribution of a second reagent on said test chip, wherein said second reagent comprises a plurality of different test samples.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignee: Simon Fraser University
    Inventors: Hua Zhong Yu, Meenakshinathan Parameswaren, Paul Chi Hang Li, Xing Yue Peng, Hong Chen, Wa Lok Chou
  • Patent number: 8343526
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods for conducting assays of samples, such as whole blood, that may contain cells or other particulate matter. Also disclosed are systems, devices, equipment, kits and reagents for use in such methods. One advantage of certain disclosed methods and systems is the ability to rapidly measure the concentration of an analyte of interest in blood plasma from a whole blood sample without blood separation and hematocrit correction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignee: Meso Scale Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Mark A. Billadeau, Jeff D. Debad, Eli N. Glezer, Jonathan K. Leland, Charles A. Wijayawardhana