Air Bridge Structure Patents (Class 438/619)
  • Patent number: 10355080
    Abstract: A semiconductor structure including one or more semiconductor devices on a wafer. The one or more devices having source/drain junctions. The semiconductor structure further includes a recessed middle-of-line (MOL) oxide layer, and an air-gap oxide layer including one or more introduced air-gaps. The air-gap oxide layer is positioned over the one or more semiconductor devices and the MOL oxide layer. A nitride layer is positioned over the one or more semiconductor devices. Trenches are formed through the nitride layer down to the source/drain junctions. A silicide fills the trenches.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Injo Ok, Balasubramanian Pranatharthiharan, Soon-Cheon Seo, Charan V. V. S. Surisetty
  • Patent number: 10269768
    Abstract: A method includes bonding a first wafer to a second wafer, with a first plurality of dielectric layers in the first wafer and a second plurality of dielectric layers in the second wafer bonded between a first substrate of the first wafer and a second substrate in the second wafer. A first opening is formed in the first substrate, and the first plurality of dielectric layers and the second wafer are etched through the first opening to form a second opening. A metal pad in the second plurality of dielectric layers is exposed to the second opening. A conductive plug is formed extending into the first and the second openings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Cheng-Ying Ho, Jeng-Shyan Lin, Wen-I Hsu, Feng-Chi Hung, Dun-Nian Yaung, Ying-Ling Tsai
  • Patent number: 10199263
    Abstract: A semiconductor device includes a first insulating interlayer on a first region of a substrate and a second insulating interlayer on a second region of the substrate, a plurality of first wiring structures on the first insulating interlayer, the first wiring structures being spaced apart from each other, a plurality of second wiring structures filling a plurality of trenches on the second insulating interlayer, respectively, an insulation capping structure selectively on a surface of the first insulating interlayer between the first wiring structures and on a sidewall and an upper surface of each of the first wiring structures, the insulation capping structure including an insulating material, a third insulating interlayer on the first and second wiring structures, and an air gap among the first wiring structures under the third insulating interlayer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Sang-Shin Jang, Woo-Kyung You, Kyu-Hee Han, Jong-Min Baek, Viet Ha Nguyen, Byung-Hee Kim
  • Patent number: 10170330
    Abstract: Semiconductor structure and methods of fabrication thereof are provided which includes, for instance, providing a carbon-doped material layer within a recess of a semiconductor structure; removing, in part, carbon from the carbon-doped material layer to obtain, at least in part, a carbon-depleted region thereof, the carbon-depleted region having a modified etch property with an increased etch rate compared to an etch rate of the carbon-doped material layer; and recessing the carbon-depleted region of the carbon-doped material layer by an etching process, with the carbon-depleted region being recessed based upon, in part, the modified etch property of the carbon-depleted region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: GLOBALFOUNDRIES Inc.
    Inventor: Errol Todd Ryan
  • Patent number: 10157823
    Abstract: A high density fan out package structure may include a contact layer. The contact layer includes a conductive interconnect layer having a first surface facing an active die and a second surface facing a redistribution layer. The high density fan out package structure has a barrier layer on the first surface of the conductive interconnect layer. The high density fan out package structure may also include the redistribution layer, which has conductive routing layers. The conductive routing layers may be configured to couple a first conductive interconnect to the conductive interconnect layer. The high density fan out package structure may further include a first via coupled to the barrier liner and configured to couple with a second conductive interconnect to the active die.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2018
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventors: Dong Wook Kim, Hong Bok We, Jae Sik Lee, Shiqun Gu
  • Patent number: 10126291
    Abstract: The present invention provides, among others, apparatus for detecting a disease, comprising a system delivery biological subject and a probing and detecting device, wherein the probing and detecting device includes a first micro-device and a first substrate supporting the first micro-device, the first micro-device contacts a biologic material to be detected and is capable of measuring at the microscopic level an electric, magnetic, electromagnetic, thermal, optical, acoustical, biological, chemical, physical, or mechanical property of the biologic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: AnPac Bio-Medical Science Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Chris C Yu, Xuedong Du, He Yu
  • Patent number: 10115629
    Abstract: Semiconductor devices having air gap spacers that are formed as part of BEOL or MOL layers of the semiconductor devices are provided, as well as methods for fabricating such air gap spacers. For example, a method comprises forming a first metallic structure and a second metallic structure on a substrate, wherein the first and second metallic structures are disposed adjacent to each other with insulating material disposed between the first and second metallic structures. The insulating material is etched to form a space between the first and second metallic structures. A layer of dielectric material is deposited over the first and second metallic structures using a pinch-off deposition process to form an air gap in the space between the first and second metallic structures, wherein a portion of the air gap extends above an upper surface of at least one of the first metallic structure and the second metallic structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Kangguo Cheng, Thomas J. Haigh, Juntao Li, Eric G. Liniger, Sanjay C. Mehta, Son V. Nguyen, Chanro Park, Tenko Yamashita
  • Patent number: 9892961
    Abstract: Semiconductor devices having air gap spacers that are formed as part of BEOL or MOL layers of the semiconductor devices are provided, as well as methods for fabricating such air gap spacers. For example, a method comprises forming a first metallic structure and a second metallic structure on a substrate, wherein the first and second metallic structures are disposed adjacent to each other with insulating material disposed between the first and second metallic structures. The insulating material is etched to form a space between the first and second metallic structures. A layer of dielectric material is deposited over the first and second metallic structures using a pinch-off deposition process to form an air gap in the space between the first and second metallic structures, wherein a portion of the air gap extends above an upper surface of at least one of the first metallic structure and the second metallic structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2018
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Kangguo Cheng, Thomas J. Haigh, Juntao Li, Eric G. Liniger, Sanjay C. Mehta, Son V. Nguyen, Chanro Park, Tenko Yamashita
  • Patent number: 9887128
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a method of fabricating a semiconductor structure in accordance with some embodiments. The method includes forming a first low-k dielectric layer over a substrate; forming a first and second metal features in the first low-k dielectric layer; forming a first trench in the first low-k dielectric layer, the first trench spanning between the first and second metal features; performing a ultraviolet (UV) treatment to sidewalls of the first low-k dielectric layer in the first trench; forming a first etch stop layer in the first trench; and depositing a second low-k dielectric layer on the first etch stop layer, thereby forming an air gap in the first trench.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2018
    Assignee: TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Hsiang-Wei Lin
  • Patent number: 9786598
    Abstract: A semiconductor device includes: a first plug; a bit line which is in contact with the first plug and over the first plug and extended in one direction; a second plug including a first part adjacent to the bit line and a second part adjacent to the first plug; a double air gap which is disposed between the first part of the second plug and the bit line and includes a first air gap surrounding the first part of the second plug and a second air gap parallel to sidewalls of the bit line; and a capping layer suitable for capping the first and second air gaps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignee: SK Hynix Inc.
    Inventors: Eun-Jeong Kim, Jin-Yul Lee
  • Patent number: 9768118
    Abstract: A semiconductor device includes a semiconductor substrate, and a dielectric layer on an upper surface of the semiconductor substrate. A contact stack is formed in the dielectric layer. The contact stack includes an electrically conductive contact element, and a contact liner on first and second opposing sidewalls of the contact element. A first air gap is interposed between the dielectric layer and the contact liner on the first side wall, and a second air gap interposed between the dielectric layer and the contact liner on the second side wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2017
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Juntao Li, Junli Wang, Chih-Chao Yang
  • Patent number: 9620410
    Abstract: Methods for processing a microelectronic topography include selectively etching a layer of the topography using an etch solution which includes a fluid in a supercritical or liquid state. In some embodiments, the etch process may include introducing a fresh composition of the etch solution into a process chamber while simultaneously venting the chamber to inhibit the precipitation of etch byproducts. A rinse solution including the fluid in a supercritical or liquid state may be introduced into the chamber subsequent to the etch process. In some cases, the rinse solution may include one or more polar cosolvents, such as acids, polar alcohols, and/or water mixed with the fluid to help inhibit etch byproduct precipitation. In addition or alternatively, at least one of the etch solution and rinse solution may include a chemistry which is configured to modify dissolved etch byproducts within an ambient of the topography to inhibit etch byproduct precipitation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Mark I. Wagner, James P. DeYoung
  • Patent number: 9613851
    Abstract: A dual damascene article of manufacture comprises a trench containing a conductive metal column where the trench and the conductive metal column extend down into and are contiguous with a via. The trench and the conductive metal column and the via have a common axis. These articles comprise interconnect structures incorporating air-gap spacers containing metal/insulator structures for Very Large Scale Integrated (VLSI) and Ultra Large Scale Integrated (ULSI) devices and packaging. The trench in this regard comprises a sidewall air-gap immediately adjacent the side walls of the trench and the conductive metal column, the sidewall air-gap extending down to the via to a depth below a line fixed by the bottom of the trench, and continues downward in the via for a distance of from about 1 Angstrom below the line to the full depth of the via. In another aspect, the article of manufacture comprises a capped dual damascene structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2017
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Satya V. Nitta, Shom Ponoth
  • Patent number: 9595493
    Abstract: Reducing liner corrosion during metallization of semiconductor devices at BEOL includes providing a starting metallization structure, the structure including a bottom layer of dielectric material with a via therein, a liner lining the via and extending over upper edges thereof, the lined via over filled with a conductive material, recessing the conductive material down to the liner, further selectively recessing the conductive material below the upper edges of the via without damaging the liner, and forming a cap of the liner material on the conductive material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2017
    Assignee: GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC.
    Inventors: Zhiguo Sun, Qiang Fang, Huang Liu, Haigou Huang, Jiehui Shu, Jin Ping Liu
  • Patent number: 9589898
    Abstract: A semiconductor device in which an air-gap located at a side of a bit line stack is extended to an upper part of the bit line stack is disclosed. An embodiment includes: a bit line stack; a plurality of storage node contacts located at both sides of the bit line stack; and an air-gap located between the bit line stack and the storage node contacts, and extended above the bit line stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2017
    Assignee: SK Hynix Inc.
    Inventor: Jae Houb Chun
  • Patent number: 9489905
    Abstract: A display device driving method is provided. The display device driving method comprises the steps outlined below. A display device is provided, in which each of the first gate lines of a driving circuit of the display device has a first RC value and each of the second gate lines of the drive circuit has a second RC value smaller than the first RC value. A first gate driving signal having a first pulse width is generated to each of the first gate lines to drive corresponding first pixel rows. A second gate driving signal having a second pulse width is generated to each of the second gate lines to drive corresponding second pixel rows, wherein the second pulse width is smaller than the first pulse width.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2016
    Assignee: HIMAX TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED
    Inventors: Kuo-Yang Tseng, Chih-Hao Chen, Cheng-Lung Chiang
  • Patent number: 9455178
    Abstract: A method of fabricating a semiconductor integrated circuit (IC) is disclosed. A conductive feature over a substrate is provided. A first dielectric layer is deposited over the conductive feature and the substrate. A via-forming-trench (VFT) is formed in the first dielectric layer to expose the conductive feature and the substrate around the conductive feature. The VFT is filled in by a sacrificial layer. A via-opening is formed in the sacrificial layer to expose the conductive feature. A metal plug is formed in the via-opening to connect to the conductive feature. The sacrificial layer is removed to form a surrounding-vacancy around metal plug and the conductive feature. A second dielectric layer is deposited over the substrate to seal a portion of the surrounding-vacancy to form an enclosure-air-gap all around the metal plug and the conductive feature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hsiang-Lun Kao, Tien-Lu Lin, Yung-Chih Wang, Cheng-Chi Chuang
  • Patent number: 9390965
    Abstract: An interconnect structure includes a first low-k dielectric layer formed over a substrate. A first metal line is disposed in the first low-k dielectric layer. The first metal line includes a first conductive body with a first width and an up landing pad with a second width. The first width is smaller than the second width. The interconnect structure further includes a first air-gap adjacent to sidewalls of the first conductive body. The interconnect structure also includes a second low-k dielectric layer formed over the first low-k dielectric layer and a first via in the second low-k dielectric layer and disposed on the up landing pad.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2016
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tai-I Yang, Cheng-Chi Chuang, Yung-Chih Wang, Tien-Lu Lin
  • Patent number: 9337202
    Abstract: A semiconductor device includes a first conductive structure including a first conductive pattern that is formed over a substrate, a second conductive structure formed adjacent to a sidewall of the first conductive structure, and an insulation structure including an air gap that is formed between the first conductive structure and the second conductive structure, wherein the second conductive structure includes a second conductive pattern, an ohmic contact layer that is to formed over the second conductive pattern, and a third conductive pattern that is formed over the ohmic contact layer and is separated from the first conductive pattern through the air gap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2016
    Assignee: SK Hynix Inc.
    Inventors: Sung-Won Lim, Seung-Jin Yeom, Hyo-Seok Lee
  • Patent number: 9330966
    Abstract: Methods of forming a semiconductor device are provided. The methods may include forming a second insulation pattern on a first insulation pattern. The first insulation pattern may cover a plurality of conductive structures, and may include a hole therein. The second insulation pattern may include a trench therein that is connected with the hole. The methods may also include forming a spacer on sidewalls of the hole and the trench. The methods may further include forming a wiring structure in the hole and the trench.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sun-Young Kim, Jun-Eui Song, Tae-Wan Lim
  • Patent number: 9312210
    Abstract: A method for fabricating a semiconductor device includes forming, over a substrate, a plurality of first conductive structures which are separated from one another; forming multi-layered dielectric patterns including a first dielectric layer which covers upper ends and both sidewalls of the first conductive structures; removing portions of the first dielectric layer starting from lower end portions of the first conductive structures to define air gaps, and forming second conductive structures which are filled between the first conductive structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2016
    Assignee: SK Hynix Inc.
    Inventors: Hyo-Seok Lee, Seung-Jin Yeom
  • Patent number: 9275971
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure are directed towards techniques and configurations for a bridge interconnect assembly that can be embedded in a package assembly. In one embodiment, a package assembly includes a package substrate configured to route electrical signals between a first die and a second die and a bridge embedded in the package substrate and configured to route the electrical signals between the first die and the second die, the bridge including a bridge substrate, one or more through-hole vias (THVs) formed through the bridge substrate, and one or more traces disposed on a surface of the bridge substrate to route the electrical signals between the first die and the second die. Routing features including traces and a ground plane of the bridge interconnect assembly may be separated by an air gap. Other embodiments may be described and/or claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2016
    Assignee: INTEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Chia-Pin Chiu, Zhiguo Qian, Mathew J. Manusharow
  • Patent number: 9224639
    Abstract: Copper can be etched with selectivity to Ta/TaN barrier liner and SiC hardmask layers, for example, to reduce the potential copper contamination. The copper film can be recessed more than the liner to further enhance the protection. Wet etch solutions including a mixture of HF and HCl can be used for selective etching copper with respect to the liner material, for example, the copper film can be recessed between 2 and 3 nm, and the barrier liner film can be recessed between 1.5 and 2 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignees: Intermolecular, Inc., GLOBALFOUNDRIES, INC.
    Inventors: Anh Duong, Errol Todd Ryan
  • Patent number: 9209126
    Abstract: An interconnect structure and methods for making the same include sidewall portions of an interlevel dielectric layer. The sidewall portions have a width less than a minimum feature size for a given lithographic technology and the width is formed by a thickness of the interlevel dielectric layer when conformally formed on vertical surfaces of a mandrel. The sidewall portions form spaced-apart openings. Conductive structures fill the spaced-apart openings and are separated by the sidewall portions to form single damascene structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2015
    Assignee: GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC.
    Inventors: Qinghuang Lin, Sanjay Mehta, Hosadurga Shobha
  • Patent number: 9171781
    Abstract: Semiconductor devices, and methods of fabricating the same, include first conductive lines on a substrate, and a first molding layer covering the first conductive lines. The first conductive lines have air gaps between adjacent first conductive lines. Sidewalls of the first conductive lines and a bottom surface of the first molding layer collectively define a first gap region of each of the air gaps. The sidewalls of the first conductive lines and a top surface of the first molding layer collectively define a second air gap region of each of the air gaps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2015
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Jang-Hee Lee, Jongmin Baek, Kyu-Hee Han, Gilheyun Choi, Jongwon Hong
  • Patent number: 9159709
    Abstract: A semiconductor chip includes a substrate, through-electrodes passing through the substrate, and a dielectric layer formed between the substrate and the through-electrodes and having a dielectric constant decreasing structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: SK Hynix Inc.
    Inventor: Ho Young Son
  • Patent number: 9153489
    Abstract: A microelectronic device includes a substrate having a trench extending therethrough between an active surface thereof and an inactive surface thereof opposite the active surface, a conductive via electrode extending through the substrate between sidewalls of the trench, and an insulating layer extending along the inactive surface of the substrate outside the trench and extending at least partially into the trench. The insulating layer defines a gap region in the trench that separates the substrate and the via electrode. Related devices and methods of fabrication are also discussed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ho-Jin Lee, Byung Lyul Park, SeYoung Jeong, Hyunsoo Chung, Gilheyun Choi
  • Patent number: 9123537
    Abstract: Provided is a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device in which a via hole and a trench are formed in a low dielectric constant film using a hard mask film having at least three layers. In a process of forming the hard mask film having at least three layers, the hard mask film formed of an insulating material and the hard mask film formed of a metal material, amorphous silicon or polycrystalline silicon are alternately laminated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Assignee: Renesas Electronics Corporation
    Inventor: Tatsuya Usami
  • Patent number: 9123714
    Abstract: Air gaps are provided to reduce interference and resistance between metal bit lines in non-volatile memory structures. Metal vias can be formed that are electrically coupled with the drain region of an underlying device and extend vertically with respect to the substrate surface to provide contacts for bit lines that are elongated in a column direction above. The metal vias can be separated by a dielectric fill material. Layer stack columns extend in a column direction over the dielectric fill and metal vias. Each layer stack column includes a metal bit line over a nucleation line. Each metal via contacts one of the layer stack columns at its nucleation line. A low temperature dielectric liner extends along sidewalls of the layer stack columns. A non-conformal dielectric overlies the layer stack columns defining a plurality of air gaps between the layer stack columns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Assignee: SanDisk Technologies Inc.
    Inventors: Jayavel Pachamuthu, Hiroyuki Kinoshita, Vinod R. Purayath, George Matamis
  • Patent number: 9105693
    Abstract: A microelectronic structure and a method for fabricating the microelectronic structure provide a plurality of voids interposed between a plurality of conductor layers. The plurality of voids is also located between a liner layer and an inter-level dielectric layer. The voids provide for enhanced electrical performance of the microelectronic structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Daniel C. Edelstein, David V. Horak, Elbert E. Huang, Satyanarayana V. Nitta, Takeshi Nogami, Shom Ponoth, Terry A. Spooner
  • Patent number: 9099343
    Abstract: Provided are semiconductor devices and methods of fabricating the same. In methods of forming the same, an etch stop pattern and a separate spacer can be formed on a sidewall of a bit line contact, wherein the etch stop pattern and the separate spacer each comprise material having an etch selectivity relative to an oxide. A storage node contact plug hole can be formed so that the etch stop pattern and the separate spacer form a portion of a sidewall of the storage node contact plug hole spaced apart from the bit line contact. The storage node contact plug hole can be cleaned to remove a natural oxide formed in the storage node contact plug hole. Related devices are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Keunnam Kim, Sunyoung Park, Kyehee Yeom, Hyeon-Woo Jang, Jin-Won Jeong, Changhyun Cho, HyeongSun Hong
  • Patent number: 9099445
    Abstract: A process of forming an electronic device can include providing a first interconnect over a substrate having a primary surface, depositing a first insulating layer over the first interconnect, and patterning the first insulating layer to define an opening extending towards the first interconnect. The process can also include depositing a second insulating layer over the first insulating layer to seal the opening and form a cavity within the first opening, and forming a second interconnect over the first and second insulating layers. The cavity can be disposed between the first interconnect and the second interconnect. In another aspect, an electronic device can include a first interconnect, a first insulating layer defining a cavity, and a second interconnect. The cavity can be disposed between the first interconnect and the second interconnect, and a via may not be exposed within the cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
    Inventors: Vishal P. Trivedi, Jay P. John
  • Patent number: 9082770
    Abstract: One or more techniques or systems for forming a damascene gap structure are provided herein. In some embodiments, a gap is formed between a first etch stop layer (ESL) and an ESL seal region. For example, the gap is formed by removing a portion of a low-k (LK) dielectric region above an oxide region and removing the oxide region. In some embodiments, the oxide region below the LK dielectric region facilitates removal of the LK dielectric region, at least because the oxide region enhances a bottom etch rate of a bottom of the LK dielectric region such that the bottom etch rate is similar to a wall etch rate of a wall of the LK dielectric region. In this manner, a damascene gap structure associated with a cleaner gap is provided, for example.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited
    Inventors: Yi-Nien Su, Hsiang-Wei Lin
  • Patent number: 9059251
    Abstract: A microelectronic structure and a method for fabricating the microelectronic structure provide a plurality of voids interposed between a plurality of conductor layers. The plurality of voids is also located between a liner layer and an inter-level dielectric layer. The voids provide for enhanced electrical performance of the microelectronic structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2015
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Daniel C. Edelstein, David V. Horak, Elbert E. Huang, Satyanarayana V. Nitta, Takeshi Nogami, Shom Ponoth, Terry A. Spooner
  • Publication number: 20150137310
    Abstract: A substrate having an air bridge structure with end portions disposed and supported on the substrate and an elevated portion disposed between the end portions is coated with a protective layer. The protective layer is patterned to: leave portions of the protective layer over elevated portion and at least over the end portions of a region under the elevated portion of the air bridge structure; and remove portions over adjacent portions of the substrate. A dielectric material having a thickness greater than the height of the air bridge structure is deposited over the patterned protective layer portions remaining over elevated portion and over the adjacent portions of the substrate, the patterned temporary coating preventing the dielectric material from passing into the region under the elevated portion of the air bridge structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Applicant: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: Ward G. Fillmore, Paul J. Duval
  • Patent number: 9034754
    Abstract: A micro device transfer head array and method of forming a micro device transfer array from an SOI substrate are described. In an embodiment, the micro device transfer head array includes a base substrate and a patterned silicon layer over the base substrate. The patterned silicon layer may include a silicon interconnect and an array of silicon electrodes electrically connected with the silicon interconnect. Each silicon electrode includes a mesa structure protruding above the silicon interconnect. A dielectric layer covers a top surface of each mesa structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: LuxVue Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Dariusz Golda, Andreas Bibl
  • Patent number: 9006078
    Abstract: A method of fabricating a semiconductor device and a semiconductor device formed by the method. The method includes form a stack conductive structure by stacking a first conductive pattern and an insulation pattern over a substrate; forming a sacrificial pattern over sidewalls of the stack conductive structure; forming a second conductive pattern having a recessed surface lower than a top surface of the stack conductive structure; forming a sacrificial spacer to expose sidewalls of the insulation pattern by removing an upper portion of the sacrificial pattern; reducing a width of the exposed portion of the insulation patters; forming a capping spacer to cap the sidewalls of the insulation pattern having the reduced width over the sacrificial spacer; and forming an air gap between the first conductive pattern and the second conductive pattern by converting the sacrificial spacer to volatile byproducts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: SK Hynix Inc.
    Inventor: Myung-Ok Kim
  • Patent number: 8999837
    Abstract: A method of fabricating a semiconductor device may include forming isolation structures that include openings, over a substrate; forming sacrificial spacers on sidewalls of the openings; forming, on the sacrificial spacers, first conductive patterns that are recessed in the openings; removing the sacrificial spacers, and defining air gaps; forming a liner layer that caps the first conductive patterns and the air gaps; forming second conductive patterns through silicidation of the liner layer; and forming third conductive patterns over the second conductive patterns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: SK Hynix Inc.
    Inventors: Jong-Kook Park, Han-Sang Song, Jin-Yul Lee, Chang-Ki Lee
  • Publication number: 20150091411
    Abstract: A micro-device includes a substrate with a cavity. The cavity is covered with a porous layer that is permeable to vapor hydrofluoric acid (HF) etchant. The micro-device comprises a Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) device with a component that is moveable in operational use of the MEMS device. The component is arranged within the cavity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 8, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Greja Johanna Adriana Maria Verheijden, Roel Daamen, Gerhard Koops
  • Patent number: 8962443
    Abstract: A method of forming a device having an airbridge on a substrate includes forming a plated conductive layer of the airbridge over at least a photoresist layer on a portion of the substrate, the plated conductive layer defining a corresponding opening for exposing a portion of the photoresist layer. The method further includes undercutting the photoresist layer to form a gap in the photoresist layer beneath the plated conductive layer at the opening, and forming an adhesion layer on the plated conductive layer and the exposed portion of the photoresist layer, the adhesion layer having a break at the gap beneath the plated conductive layer. The photoresist layer and a portion of the adhesion layer formed on the exposed portion of the photoresist layer is removed, which includes etching the photoresist layer through the break in the adhesion layer. An insulating layer is formed on at least the adhesion layer, enhancing adhesion of the insulating layer to the plated conductive layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Avago Technologies General IP (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.
    Inventors: Timothy J. Whetten, Wayne P. Richling
  • Patent number: 8952539
    Abstract: Methods for producing air gap-containing metal-insulator interconnect structures for VLSI and ULSI devices using a photo-patternable low k material as well as the air gap-containing interconnect structure that is formed are disclosed. More particularly, the methods described herein provide interconnect structures built in a photo-patternable low k material in which air gaps are defined by photolithography in the photo-patternable low k material. In the methods of the present invention, no etch step is required to form the air gaps. Since no etch step is required in forming the air gaps within the photo-patternable low k material, the methods disclosed in this invention provide highly reliable interconnect structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Lawrence A. Clevenger, Maxime Darnon, Satyanarayana V. Nitta, Anthony D. Lisi, Qinghuang Lin
  • Patent number: 8940632
    Abstract: In a method of fabricating a semiconductor device, a first sacrificial layer, a first insulating layer, and a second sacrificial layer are successively provided on a substrate. The second sacrificial layer, the first insulating layer, and the first sacrificial layer are patterned to define an opening exposing a portion of the substrate and successively forming second sacrificial patterns, capping patterns, and first sacrificial patterns on the substrate. A second insulating layer is conformally formed at inner sidewalls and a bottom of the opening. The second insulating layer and the second sacrificial patterns are etched to form spacers on sidewalls of the first sacrificial patterns and to remove the second sacrificial patterns. A wiring pattern is provided to fill the opening in which the spacers are formed. The first sacrificial patterns are then vaporized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Sangdon Nam
  • Patent number: 8921223
    Abstract: A semiconductor device includes a substrate having a plurality of contact surfaces, an interlayer dielectric layer formed over the substrate and having a first open portion which exposes a part of the contact surfaces and a second open portion which exposes the other contact surfaces, a storage node contact (SNC) plug filling the first open portion, and a damascene structure filing the second open portion and including a bit line, a spacer formed on both sidewalls of the bit line, a capping layer formed over the bit line and the spacer, and an air gap formed between the bit line and the spacer. The bit line includes a conductive material of which the volume is contracted by a heat treatment to form the air gap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: SK Hynix Inc.
    Inventor: Nam-Yeal Lee
  • Patent number: 8900988
    Abstract: Devices and methods for forming a self-aligned airgap interconnect structure includes etching a conductive layer to a substrate to form conductive structures with patterned gaps and filling the gaps with a sacrificial material. The sacrificial material is planarized to expose a top surface of the conductive layer. A permeable cap layer is deposited over the conductive structure and the sacrificial material. Self-aligned airgaps are formed by removing the sacrificial material through the permeable layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Qinghuang Lin, Benjamin L. Fletcher, Cyril Cabral, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8896120
    Abstract: Methods for producing air gap-containing metal-insulator interconnect structures for VLSI and ULSI devices using a photo-patternable low k material as well as the air gap-containing interconnect structure that is formed are disclosed. More particularly, the methods described herein provide interconnect structures built in a photo-patternable low k material in which air gaps of different depths are defined by photolithography in the photo-patternable low k material. In the methods of the present invention, no etch step is required to form the air gaps. Since no etch step is required in forming the air gaps within the photo-patternable low k material, the methods disclosed in this invention provide highly reliable interconnect structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Lawrence A. Clevenger, Maxime Darnon, Qinghuang Lin, Anthony D. Lisi, Satyanarayana V. Nitta
  • Patent number: 8878333
    Abstract: A semiconductor device includes: a semiconductor substrate having a main surface; an electrode in a device region on the main surface; a metal wiring on the main surface and having a first end connected to the electrode; an electrode pad outside the device region and spaced from the metal wiring; an air gap between the main surface and an air gap forming film on the main surface, enveloping the first end of the metal wiring and the electrode, and having a first opening; a resin closing the first opening and covering a second end of the metal wiring; a liquid repellent film facing the air gap and increasing contact angle of the resin, when liquid, relative to contact angles on the semiconductor substrate and the air gap forming film; and a metal film connecting the metal wiring to the electrode pad through a second opening located in the resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Youichi Nogami, Hidetoshi Koyama, Yoshitsugu Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 8871624
    Abstract: A method for forming a sealed air gap for a semiconductor chip including forming a gate over a substrate; forming a sacrificial spacer adjacent to the gate; forming a first dielectric layer about the gate and the sacrificial spacer; forming a contact to the gate; substantially removing the sacrificial spacer, wherein a space is formed between the gate and the first dielectric layer; and forming a sealed air gap in the space by depositing a second dielectric layer over the first dielectric layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: David V. Horak, Elbert E. Huang, Charles W. Koburger, III, Douglas C. La Tulipe, Jr., Shom Ponoth
  • Patent number: 8871551
    Abstract: There are many inventions described and illustrated herein. In one aspect, the present inventions relate to devices, systems and/or methods of encapsulating and fabricating electromechanical structures or elements, for example, accelerometer, gyroscope or other transducer (for example, pressure sensor, strain sensor, tactile sensor, magnetic sensor and/or temperature sensor), filter or resonator. The fabricating or manufacturing microelectromechanical systems of the present invention, and the systems manufactured thereby, employ wafer bonding encapsulation techniques.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: SiTime Corporation
    Inventors: Aaron Partridge, Markus Lutz, Pavan Gupta
  • Patent number: 8866202
    Abstract: A method for reducing capacitances between semiconductor devices is provided. A plurality of contact structures is formed in a dielectric layer. A mask is formed to cover the contact structures wherein the mask has mask features for exposing parts of the dielectric layer wherein the mask features have widths. The widths of the mask features are shrunk with a sidewall deposition. Gaps are etched into the dielectric layer through the sidewall deposition. The gaps are closed to form pockets in the gaps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: S. M. Reza Sadjadi, Zhi-Song Huang
  • Patent number: 8865564
    Abstract: A process is provided for producing at least one interconnecting well to achieve a conductive pathway between at least two connection layers of a component comprising a stack of at least one first substrate and one second substrate which are electrically insulated from one another, the process including defining a surface contact region of a surface connection layer over a surface of the stack and of at least one first contact region embedded in the stack starting from a first embedded connection layer of the first substrate. A region devoid of material is positioned between the first substrate and second substrates and which comprises a stage of producing a interconnecting well which passes through the second substrate and extends between the surface contact region and the first embedded contact region and passes through the region devoid of material, and also a first layer which covers the first embedded connection layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives
    Inventors: Audrey Berthelot, Jean-Philippe Polizzi