Compound Of Indeterminate Structure Prepared By Reacting An Organic -c(=o)o- Compound Patents (Class 44/386)
  • Patent number: 10024837
    Abstract: A deterioration determination apparatus includes an oil temperature detector, an oil temperature rate of increase calculator, a threshold calculator, and a deterioration determination device. The oil temperature detector is configured to detect an oil temperature of oil for lubrication of a transmission in a vehicle. The oil temperature rate of increase calculator is configured to calculate a rate of increase in the oil temperature. The threshold calculator is configured to calculate based on a travel condition of the vehicle a first threshold. The deterioration determination device is configured to compare the rate of increase in the oil temperature with the first threshold. The deterioration determination device is configured to determine that the oil is deteriorated when the rate of increase in the oil temperature is equal to or higher than the first threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Toru Yamashita
  • Patent number: 9624452
    Abstract: The disclosed technology relates to a dispersant composition comprising the reaction product of a polyolefin acylating agent and an amine terminated or hydroxyl terminated polyether. In addition, the technology relates to lubricating compositions containing the dispersant composition and an optional synergistic amount of another dispersant, as well as methods of employing the dispersant composition in an engine and engine oils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Ewan E. Delbridge, Renee A. Eveland, Joanne L. Jones, John K. Pudelski, Nicholas Proust
  • Patent number: 9070628
    Abstract: According to the invention, a method of manufacturing an esterified substance including a process in which a copolymer is obtained by copolymerizing a 1-alkene having 5 to 80 carbon atoms and maleic anhydride, and a process in which an esterification reaction of the copolymer and an alcohol having 5 to 25 carbon atoms is caused in a presence of trifluoromethanesulfonic acid in order to obtain a reaction mixture containing an esterified substance including at least one repetition unit selected from formulae (c) to (f) is provided, and, in the formulae (c) to (f), R represents an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 3 to 78 carbon atoms, R2 represents a hydrocarbon group having 5 to 25 carbon atoms, m represents the copolymerization molar ratio X/Y of the 1-alkene (X) to the maleic anhydride (Y) and is 1/2 to 10/1, and n is an integer of more than or equal to 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2015
    Assignees: SUMITOMO BAKELITE CO., LTD., AIR WATER INC.
    Inventors: Jun-ichi Tabei, Yoshihisa Sone, Kiyotaka Murata, Kou Takahashi
  • Patent number: 9039791
    Abstract: Use of a reaction product of saturated or unsaturated aliphatic mono- or polycarboxylic acids with aliphatic polyamines for improving or boosting the separation of water from fuel oils which comprise additives with detergent action. A Fuel additive concentrate comprising the said reaction product, certain additives with detergent action and optionally dehazers, cetane number improvers and solvents or diluents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Maxim Peretolchin, Guenter Oetter, Harald Boehnke, Markus Hansch, Ludwig Voelkel
  • Publication number: 20150135582
    Abstract: The present invention provides a compound as a cold flow improver for a fuel composition, said compound being an ester of (i) a polyol wherein the polyol is selected from at least pentaerythritol, polymers thereof and mixtures thereof; and (ii) a fatty acid oligomer, wherein the fatty acid oligomer has a degree of polymerisation from 2 to 7. The ester compound can be used for reducing, preventing or inhibiting cold filter plugging in a diesel engine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Jens Mogens Nielsen, Maja Duelund, Kirsten Braüner Nygaard, Allan Torben Bech, Flemming Vang Sparsø
  • Patent number: 8974551
    Abstract: The disclosure provides a fuel additive concentrate, a method for cleaning fuel injectors, a method for restoring power to a diesel fuel injected engine, a fuel composition, and a method of operating a fuel injected diesel engine. The additive concentrate includes (a) a hydrocarbyl substituted quaternary ammonium internal salt and (b) a hydrocarbyl substituted dicarboxylic anhydride derivative, wherein the hydrocarbyl substituent has a number average molecular weight ranging from about 450 to about 1500. A weight ratio of (a) to (b) in the additive concentrate ranges from about 1:20 to about 2:1, and the additive concentrate is devoid of a reaction product of a hydrocarbyl substituted dicarboxylic acid, anhydride or ester and an amine compound of the formula wherein R2 is hydrogen or a hydrocarbyl group containing from 1 to 15 carbon atoms, and R3 is hydrogen or a hydrocarbyl group containing from 1 to 20 carbon atoms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Afton Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Xinggao Fang, Scott D. Schwab
  • Publication number: 20140196678
    Abstract: A method for improving performance of fuel injectors, and a method for cleaning fuel injectors for an internal combustion engine. The methods include operating the engine on a fuel composition comprising a major amount of fuel and from about 1 to about 200 ppm by weight based on a total weight of the fuel of a reaction product of (i) a hydrocarbyl substituted compound containing at least one tertiary amino group and (ii) a halogen substituted C2-C8 carboxylic acid, ester, amide, or salt thereof, wherein the reaction product as made is substantially devoid of free anion species.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2013
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: AFTON CHEMICAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Xinggao FANG, Scott D. SCHWAB
  • Publication number: 20140130402
    Abstract: A bio-oil production process involving torrefaction pretreatment, catalytic esterification, pyrolysis, and secondary catalytic processing significantly reduces yields of reactor char, catalyst coke, and catalyst tar relative to the best-case conditions using non-torrefied feedstock. The reduction in coke as a result of torrefaction was 28.5% relative to the respective control for slow pyrolysis bio-oil upgrading. In fast pyrolysis bio-oil processing, the greatest reduction in coke was 34.9%. Torrefaction at 275° C. reduced levels of acid products including acetic acid and formic acid in the bio-oil, which reduced catalyst coking and increased catalyst effectiveness and aromatic hydrocarbon yields in the upgraded oils. The process of bio-oil generation further comprises a catalytic esterification of acids and aldehydes to generate such as ethyl levulinate from lignified biomass feedstock.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2013
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Inventors: James R. Kastner, Sudhagar Mani, Roger Hilten, Keshav C. Das
  • Patent number: 8690969
    Abstract: The use of an additive composition to improve the conductivity of a fuel oil. The additive composition comprises a polymeric condensation product formed by the reaction of an aliphatic aldehyde or ketone, or a reactive equivalent, with at least one ester of p-hydroxybenzoic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Infineum International Limited
    Inventors: Andrew C. Sutkowski, Graham Jackson
  • Patent number: 8668749
    Abstract: A diesel fuel additive composition, a fuel containing the fuel additive, a method for improving diesel engine performance using the additive. The diesel fuel additive includes a reaction product of (a) a hydrocarbyl-substituted acylating agent and (b) a reactant selected from the group consisting of a nitrogen-containing compound, a hydroxyl-containing compound, and water that provides a reaction product selected from the group consisting (1) a mono-amide/mono-acid or metal free mono-acid salt thereof, (2) a diacid or metal free diacid salt thereof, and (3) mono-ester/mono-acid or metal free mono-acid salt thereof. The reaction product includes at least about 10 molar percent acid groups based on total moles of the reaction product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Afton Chemical Corporation
    Inventor: Xinggao Fang
  • Publication number: 20130333650
    Abstract: In accordance with the disclosure, exemplary embodiments provide a fuel additive concentrate, a method for cleaning fuel injectors, a method for restoring power to a diesel fuel injected engine, a fuel composition, and a method of operating a fuel injected diesel engine. The additive concentrate includes (a) a hydrocarbyl substituted quaternary ammonium internal salt; and (b) a reaction product of (i) a hydrocarbyl substituted dicarboxylic acid, anhydride, or ester and (ii) an amine compound or salt thereof of the formula wherein R is selected from hydrogen and a hydrocarbyl group containing from about 1 to about 15 carbon atoms, and R1 is selected from hydrogen and a hydrocarbyl group containing from about 1 to about 20 carbon atoms. The reaction product (b) on average has less than 2 amino-triazole groups per molecule. A weight ratio of (a) to (b) in the additive concentrate ranges from about 10:1 to about 1:10.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2012
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Applicant: Afton Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Xinggao FANG, Scott D. SCHWAB
  • Publication number: 20130312318
    Abstract: Use of a reaction product of saturated or unsaturated aliphatic mono- or polycarboxylic acids with aliphatic polyamines for improving or boosting the separation of water from fuel oils which comprise additives with detergent action. A Fuel additive concentrate comprising the said reaction product, certain additives with detergent action and optionally dehazers, cetane number improvers and solvents or diluents.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2013
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Maxim PERETOLCHIN, Guenter OETTER, Harald BOEHNKE, Markus HANSCH, Ludwig VOELKEL
  • Publication number: 20130288937
    Abstract: An additive compound comprising a derivative of particular fatty acids and polyamines has been found to be friction reducing, and particularly readily miscible in fuels and lubricants. The fatty acid has more than 12 carbon atoms and at least one carboxylic group. The polyamine residue has more than two nitrogen atoms. The mole ratio of the carboxylic groups to nitrogen atoms used to form the compound is greater than 0.8 carboxylic groups per 1 nitrogen atom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 8, 2011
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Applicant: INNOSPEC LIMITED
    Inventors: Anthony Cooney, Alan Ross, Vince Burgess
  • Publication number: 20130276362
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the use of additives with detergent action selected from: (i) compounds with moieties derived from succinic anhydride and having hydroxyl and/or amino and/or amido and/or imido groups; (ii) nitrogen compounds quaternized in an acid-free manner, obtainable by addition of a compound comprising an oxygen- or nitrogen-containing group reactive with an anhydride and additionally a quaternizable amino group onto a polycarboxylic anhydride compound and subsequent quaternization; (iii) polytetrahydrobenzoxazines and bistetrahydrobenzoxazines for further increasing the cetane number of fuel oils which comprise cetane number improvers; furthermore, it relates to a fuel additive concentrate consisting of additives (i) to (iii), cetane number improvers, organic diluents or solvents and possibly customary co-additives.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 19, 2013
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventor: Harald BOEHNKE
  • Patent number: 8530715
    Abstract: The present invention relates to production of fuels or fuel blendstocks from renewable sources. Various embodiments provide a method of producing a hydrocarbon product by hydrotreating a feedstock including at least one of a renewable triacylglyceride (TAG), renewable free fatty acid (FFA), and renewable fatty acid C1-C5 alkyl ester (C1-C5 FAE) in the presence of a nonsulfided hydrotreating catalyst to produce a first product including hydrocarbons. In some examples, the first product can be subjected to further chemical transformations such as aromatization, cracking, or isomerization to produce a second product including hydrocarbons. In various embodiments, the first or second hydrocarbon product with minimal or substantially no further processing can be suitable as a liquid transportation fuel or fuel blendstock, including fuels such as gasoline, naptha, kerosene, jet fuel, and diesel fuels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Energy & Environmental Research Center Foundation
    Inventors: Joshua R. Strege, Benjamin G. Oster, Paul D. Pansegrau, Chad A. Wocken, Ted R. Aulich, Marc D. Kurz
  • Publication number: 20130133243
    Abstract: The present invention relates to novel quaternized nitrogen compounds, to the preparation thereof and to the use thereof as a fuel and lubricant additive, more particularly as a detergent additive; to additive packages which comprise these compounds; and to fuels and lubricants thus additized. The present invention further relates to the use of these quaternized nitrogen compounds as a fuel additive for reducing or preventing deposits in the injection systems of direct-injection diesel engines, especially in common-rail injection systems, for reducing the fuel consumption of direct-injection diesel engines, especially of diesel engines with common-rail injection systems, and for minimizing power loss in direct-injection diesel engines, especially in diesel engines with common-rail injection systems.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2012
    Publication date: May 30, 2013
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Cornelia Röger-Göpfert, Harald Böhnke, Wolfgang Grabarse, Hannah Maria König, Markus Hansch, Ludwig Völkel
  • Publication number: 20130091762
    Abstract: This invention relates to an additive package containing an organic solvent, a detergent additive and a reaction product mixture obtained by reacting a carboxylic acid compound of formula (I): R1COOR2 with an alkanol amine of formula (II): NHR3R4 to form a reaction product containing a polysubstituted alkanol amine derivative, where the reaction is performed by: (a) heating the carboxylic acid of formula (I) to a first temperature; (b) adding thereto the alkanol amine of formula (II) under controlled conditions avoiding an increase of temperature above the first temperature range; (c) maintaining temperature in the first temperature range; and (d) increasing the temperature of the reaction mixture to a second temperature in a second temperature range of 160 to 210° C. and allowing further reaction of residual free carboxylic acid molecules with any reactive group in the reaction mixture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 7, 2012
    Publication date: April 18, 2013
    Inventors: Ludwig VOELKEL, Dietmar Posselt, Alfred Karl Jung, Markus Kummeter, Gero Nordmann, Andrea Misske
  • Patent number: 8413475
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to a cold rolling fluid, including: (a) a hydrocarbon base including at least 50 wt % of isoparaffins; (b) one or more frictional modifiers selected from among fatty alcohols, fatty acids, fatty amines, fatty acid esters, or polymer esters resulting from the esterification of alpha-olefin copolymers and dicarboxylic acids using alcohols; and (c) one or more phosphorous anti-wear and/or extreme pressure additives. The disclosure also relates to an emulsion containing the rolling fluid and to the use of the rolling fluid for cold-rolling steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: Total Raffinage Marketing
    Inventors: Nicole Genet, Frédéric Jarnias
  • Publication number: 20130055624
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process of obtainment of aviation biokerosene and a composition of aviation kerosene containing the aviation biokerosene thus produced. The process consists of simultaneously combining three basic conditions: raw material selection, processing conditions, and control of specific properties of the product. The composition is classified as a semisynthetic composition of aviation kerosene and may contain up to 20% by weight of aviation biokerosene, satisfying the limits determined in the international specifications for aviation kerosene.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2011
    Publication date: March 7, 2013
    Applicant: PETROLEO BRASILEIRO S.A. - PETROBRAS
    Inventors: Jose Antonio Vidal Vieira, Mauro Iurk Rocha, Roberto Lopes Carvalho, Marcelo Vieira Alves
  • Patent number: 8389782
    Abstract: A process useful for treating biologically derived oils in the production of biofuels is described. A biologically derived oil feed is deoxygenated by contacting the feed with a metal titanate catalyst comprising a metal titanate having an MTiO3 perovskite structure wherein M is a metal having a valence of 2+. The process does not require the addition of hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Zhen Zhou, Lin Li, Shabbir Husain
  • Publication number: 20130031828
    Abstract: A method of reducing deposits in a diesel engine, the method comprising combusting in the engine a diesel fuel composition comprising a detergent additive which is not a quaternary ammonium salt or a Mannich reaction product; and a quaternary ammonium salt additive comprising the reaction product of nitrogen containing species having at least one tertiary amine group and a quaternizing agent; wherein the nitrogen containing species is selected from: (i) the reaction product of a hydrocarbyl-substituted acylating agent and a compound comprising at least one tertiary amine group and a primary amine, secondary amine or alcohol group; (ii) a Mannich reaction product comprising a tertiary amine group; and (v) a polyalkylene substituted amine having at least one tertiary amine group.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 10, 2011
    Publication date: February 7, 2013
    Applicant: INNOSPEC LIMITED
    Inventors: Jacqueline Reid, Vincent Burgess
  • Publication number: 20130031827
    Abstract: A diesel fuel composition comprising, as an additive, a quaternary ammonium salt formed by the reaction of a compound of formula (A): and a compound formed by the reaction of a hydrocarbyl-substituted acylating agent and an amine of formula (B1) or (B2): wherein R is an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, aryl or alkylaryl group; R1 is a C1 to C22 alkyl, aryl or alkylaryl group; R2 and R3 are the same or different alkyl groups having from 1 to 22 carbon atoms; X is an alkylene group having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms; n is from 0 to 20; m is from 1 to 5; and R4 is hydrogen or a C1 to C22 alkyl group.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2011
    Publication date: February 7, 2013
    Applicant: INNOSPEC LIMITED
    Inventors: Jacqueline Reid, Vincent Burgess, Simon Mulqueen
  • Publication number: 20120304531
    Abstract: A liquid fuel composition is provided containing: (a) a base fuel suitable for use in an internal combustion engine; (b) a first fuel additive selected from one or more viscosity control agents having: (i) a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of 27 cSt or less; and (ii) a NOACK volatility at 250° C. of 100% wt or less; and (c) a second fuel additive selected from one or more friction modifiers. Fuelling such liquid fuel composition in an internal combustion engine improves the fuel economy performance of an internal combustion engine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2012
    Publication date: December 6, 2012
    Applicant: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Mark Lawrence Brewer, Susan Jane Smith
  • Publication number: 20120192483
    Abstract: A quaternary ammonium salt detergent made from the reaction product of the reaction of: (a) a hydrocarbyl substituted acylating agent and a compound having an oxygen or nitrogen atom capable of condensing with said acylating agent and further having a tertiary amino group; and (b) a quaternizing agent suitable for converting the tertiary amino group to a quaternary nitrogen and the use of such quaternary ammonium salt detergents in a fuel composition to reduce intake valve deposits.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2012
    Publication date: August 2, 2012
    Applicant: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: William Barton, Mark C. Davies, David J. Moreton, Paul R. Stevenson, Dean Thetford
  • Publication number: 20120165234
    Abstract: Formulations using tartaric compounds of the present invention in a low sulfur, low ash and low phosphorous lubricant lower wear, and friction and improves fuel economy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 1, 2012
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Applicant: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Jody Kocsis, Jonathan S. Vilardo, Jason R. Brown, Daniel E. Barrer, Richard J. Vickerman, Patrick E. Mosier
  • Publication number: 20120144731
    Abstract: The use of mixtures of (A) aliphatic saturated or unsaturated monocarboxylic acids having 12 to 24 carbon atoms or the dimerization or trimerization products thereof, which may be present in the form of free carboxylic acids and/or in the form of ammonium salts, amides, esters and/or nitriles, and (B) polycyclic hydrocarbon compounds which are obtainable from distillation residues of natural oils, which have been extracted from tree resins, for increasing the cetane number of fuel oils which comprise at least one additive with detergent action and at least one cetane number improver, the mixtures of components (A) and (B) being used in a concentration of 10 to 500 ppm by weight, based on the total amount of the fuel oil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 9, 2011
    Publication date: June 14, 2012
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventor: Harald Böhnke
  • Patent number: 8152870
    Abstract: A method for producing biofuels is provided. A method of making biofuels includes dewatering substantially intact algal cells to make an algal biomass, sequentially adding solvent sets to the algal biomass, and sequentially separating solid biomass fractions from liquid fractions to arrive at a liquid fraction comprising neutral lipids. The method also includes esterifying the neutral lipids, separating a water miscible fraction comprising glycerin from a water immiscible fraction comprising fuel esters, carotenoids, and omega-3 fatty acids. The method also includes obtaining a C16 or shorter fuel esters fraction, a C16 or longer fuel ester fraction, and a residue comprising carotenoids and omega-3 fatty acids. The method includes hydrogenating and deoxygenating at least one of (i) the C16 or shorter fuel esters to obtain a jet fuel blend stock and (ii) the C16 or longer fuel esters to obtain a diesel blend stock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: Heliae Development, LLC
    Inventor: Aniket Kale
  • Patent number: 8147766
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods and systems for processing biomass to selectively yield a variety of hydrocarbon molecules and hydrogen as products, wherein some or all of these products can be further utilized for other biomass processing sub-processes, particularly wherein they lead to the generation of biofuels and/or other high-value products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Kerry K. Spilker, Roger Vogel, James F. Stevens, Peter C. Ricci
  • Patent number: 8097570
    Abstract: A subject of the present invention is an anti-corrosive and antistatic lubricating composition for a hydrocarbonated mixture comprising: a) at least a compound A of Formula (I) below: in which R1 and R2 are hydrogen or a linear or branched alkyl group of 1-40 carbon atoms, comprising possibly one to five double bond(s), R1 and R2 together being able to form an aromatic or aliphatic ring of 5-6 carbon atoms, said ring being capable of substitution by one to three linear or branched alkyl group(s) of 1-40 carbon atoms, in which R1 and R2 cannot be hydrogen at the same time, and in which R3 and R4, identical or different, are chosen from the OH groups, in which R3 and R4 cannot be the OH group at the same time, or deriving from a linear or branched monol or polyol group containing 1-20 carbon atoms having a functionality of 2 to 5 inclusive; b) and at least one B compound corresponding to a fatty acid of 16-24 carbon atoms, unsaturated or not, optionally in a mixture with a carboxylic acid comprisin
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 4, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2012
    Assignee: Total France
    Inventors: Nathalie Boitout, Laurent Dalix, Clarisse Doucet, Laurent Germanaud
  • Publication number: 20110308144
    Abstract: A system and method for producing biofuel from pollutant-fed algae are disclosed. Specifically, the system includes a scrubber with a chamber for receiving a pollutant-contaminated fluid stream. Further, a scrubber solution is received in the chamber for scrubbing the pollutant-contaminated fluid stream. Also, the system includes a bioreactor that is provided with an input port to receive the scrubber solution with pollutants for use as nutrients to support algae cell growth. Further, the system includes an algae separator that removes the algae from the bioreactor and a device for processing the algae into biofuel. In order to recycle the scrubber solution, the algae separator is in fluid communication with the scrubber. With this arrangement, the effluence from the bioreactor may be recycled for use as the scrubber solution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2010
    Publication date: December 22, 2011
    Inventor: David A. Hazlebeck
  • Publication number: 20110192075
    Abstract: A method for producing biofuels is provided. A method of making biofuels includes dewatering substantially intact algal cells to make an algal biomass, sequentially adding solvent sets to the algal biomass, and sequentially separating solid biomass fractions from liquid fractions to arrive at a liquid fraction comprising neutral lipids. The method also includes esterifying the neutral lipids, separating a water miscible fraction comprising glycerin from a water immiscible fraction comprising fuel esters, carotenoids, and omega-3 fatty acids. The method also includes obtaining a C16 or shorter fuel esters fraction, a C16 or longer fuel ester fraction, and a residue comprising carotenoids and omega-3 fatty acids. The method includes hydrogenating and deoxygenating at least one of (i) the C16 or shorter fuel esters to obtain a jet fuel blend stock and (ii) the C16 or longer fuel esters to obtain a diesel blend stock.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 6, 2011
    Publication date: August 11, 2011
    Applicant: HELIAE DEVELOPMENT, LLC
    Inventor: Aniket KALE
  • Patent number: 7951758
    Abstract: The hydrolytic stability of magnesium overbased products is significantly improved by the addition or inclusion of a mixture or reaction product of an alkylphenol resin with a mixture of an alkenyl succinic anhydride and the acid thereof, and an alkyl amine. These magnesium overbased products are useful additives to fuel oils to improve their corrosion-causing tendencies. In one non-limiting embodiment, the alkylphenol resin is nonylphenol resin and the succinic anhydride is a partially hydrolyzed succinic anhydride having from 14 to 26 carbon atoms, along with the acid thereof. The mixtures and reaction products also serve as asphaltene inhibitors in the fuel oils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2011
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Corina L. Sandu, Lawrence N. Kremer, Christine Ann Blundell, Lee Michael Howard, Joseph L. Stark
  • Publication number: 20100281761
    Abstract: An energy efficient biofuel a net energy value (NEV), which net energy value is calculated with a disclosed NEV formula and set of calculations. The energy efficient biofuel comprises ethanol that is derived from a genetically modified crop that is produced with a genetically modified seed. The Crop Yield per Nitrogen Application Rate of the genetically modified crop is at least 11% higher than the Crop Yield per Nitrogen Application Rate of a control crop. The irrigation, plant density, plant species, plant variety, and residual nitrogen of the genetically modified crop and the control crop are substantially the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2008
    Publication date: November 11, 2010
    Inventor: Eric John Rey
  • Publication number: 20100146845
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are methods for correcting fuel oil compositions having excess conductivity. The oil compositions comprise a Petroleum Based Component, a Conductivity additive and a Conductivity Correcting Additive.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2006
    Publication date: June 17, 2010
    Applicant: INNOSPEC FUEL SPECIAL TIES LLC
    Inventors: Cenk R. Burgazli, Cyrus P. Henry
  • Publication number: 20090307966
    Abstract: A method of forming a biodiesel product and a heterogeneous catalyst system used to form said product that has a high tolerance for the presence of water and free fatty acids (FFA) in the oil feedstock is disclosed. This catalyst system may simultaneously catalyze both the esterification of FAA and the transesterification of triglycerides present in the oil feedstock. The catalyst system is comprised of a mixture of zinc oxide and a second metal oxide. The zinc oxide includes a mixture of amorphous zinc oxide and zinc oxide nanocrystals, the zinc nanocrystals having a mean grain size between about 20 and 80 nanometers with at least one of the nanocrystals including a mesopore having a diameter of about 5 to 15 nanometers. Preferably, the second metal oxide is a lanthanum oxide, the lanthanum oxide being selected as one from the group of La2CO5, LaOOH, and combinations or mixtures thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2009
    Publication date: December 17, 2009
    Inventors: Shuli Yan, Steven O. Salley, K.Y. Simon Ng
  • Patent number: 7520905
    Abstract: Aqueous sulfuric acid is used for hydrolysis of a biomass, constituting a hydrolysate, to produce organic compounds. Organic compounds such as furfural and hyroxymethylfurfural are formed within the hydrolysate. Heterocyclic ring opening within hyroxymethylfurfural forms levulinic acid within the hydrolysate. Furfural and levulinic acid are extracted by a biodiesel fuel oil to increase content of biodiesel fuel oil. Biodiesel fuel oil generally consists of vegetable oils, insoluble in aqueous sulfuric acid, and affords access to, extraction of furfural and levulinic acid. Extracted hydrolysate is recycled for further hydrolysis of biomass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2009
    Inventor: Gene E Lightner
  • Patent number: 7520906
    Abstract: A fuel oil containing a conductivity improving additive comprising the combination of: (a) a polymethacrylate, polyacrylate or polyfumarate polymer not prepared from a quaternary ammonium monomer and having a number average molecular weight of about 1,000 to 10,000,000 and either (b) a conductivity improver comprising (i) an olefin polysulfone and (ii) a polymeric polyamine reaction product of epichlorohydrin and an aliphatic primary monoamine or an N-aliphatic hydrocarbyl alkylene diamine, or the sulfonic acid salt of the polymeric polyamine reaction product or (c) a conductivity improver comprising a hydrocarbon soluble copolymer of an alkylvinyl monomer and a cationic vinyl monomer, wherein the copolymer has an alkylvinyl monomer unit to cationic vinyl monomer unit ratio of from about 1:1 to about 10:1, the copolymer having a number average molecular weight of from about 800 to about 1,000,000.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2009
    Assignee: Infineum International Ltd.
    Inventor: Fiona K. Gormley
  • Patent number: 7497880
    Abstract: A fuel oil composition comprising a fuel oil and 0.1 to 10,000 ppm of a polymeric condensation product which is formed by the reaction of an aliphatic aldehyde or ketone, or a reactive equivalent, with either (i) a straight or branched chain C1-C7 alkyl ester of p-hydroxybenzoic acid, or with (ii) a branched chain C8-C16 alkyl ester of p-hydroxybenzoic acid, or with (iii) a mixture of long chain C8-C18 alkyl esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid, at least one of said alkyls being branched. The polymeric condensation product improves the cold flow characteristics of the fuel oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2009
    Assignee: Infineum International Limited
    Inventor: Graham Jackson
  • Patent number: 7423000
    Abstract: There is disclosed a friction reducing compound, comprising an intermediate adduct of a first moiety reacted in a first reaction with a second moiety to form the intermediate adduct and further esterifying or amidafying the intermediate adduct with a third moiety in a molar ratio of from about 1:2 to about 2:1, wherein the first moiety is an unsaturated synthetic dieneophilic base oil, wherein the second moiety is a compound having a diene conjugated carbon-carbon double bond and a carboxylic acid moiety or anhydride group, wherein the first reaction comprises mixing the first moiety with the second moiety in a molar ratio of from about 1:2 to about 2:1 under an inert atmosphere; and wherein the third moiety is a polyhydroxy compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2008
    Assignee: International Lubricants, Inc.
    Inventors: Will F. Williamson, Blaine Rhodes
  • Publication number: 20080141581
    Abstract: A fuel oil composition is disclosed. The fuel oil includes a major proportion of a fuel oil and minor amounts of: (a) at least one polar nitrogen compound effective as a max anti-settling additive; and (b) at least one reaction product between a hydrocarbayl-substituted succinic acid or anhydride and hydrazine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2007
    Publication date: June 19, 2008
    Inventors: Rinaldo Caprotti, Graham Jackson, Martin James Willis
  • Patent number: 7326262
    Abstract: The invention concerns a multifunctional additive enabling fuels to be operable in cold conditions, consisting of copolymers of at least a dicarboxylic compound with at least an olefin, and whereon are grafted nitrogenous functions and/or esters of general formula (I) wherein: R1 and R2, and R4 and R5, R3 and R6 are hydrogen or alkyl radicals, and x is selected among the amine salts and N-alkylpolyalkylenepolyamines and their monohydroxylated and polyhydroxylated derivatives, N-alkylpolyalkylenepolyamine alkylesters and esters, and alkylamines and N-alkylpolyalkylenepolyamines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2008
    Assignee: Elf Antar France
    Inventors: Frank Eydoux, Philippe Flores, Dominique Vichard, Laurent Germanaud
  • Patent number: 7256162
    Abstract: Esters formed from polyol, C12-C28 branched chain fatty acid, and/or C12-C28 cyclic fatty acid are useful as a friction modifier for lubricants. Monomer is a preferred source for these fatty acids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2007
    Assignee: Arizona Chemical Company
    Inventors: Charley M. Pollock, Lloyd A. Nelson
  • Patent number: 7252779
    Abstract: This invention is a composition that includes a transesterified fatty acid ester resulting from the reaction of a fatty acid ester, in the presence of an acid, with a hydroxyl-containing compound. The fatty acid esters of the invention are selected from those with a carbon number of eight to twenty. The hydroxyl-containing compound is an alcohol having a carbon number between one and eighteen. The resulting composition is useful as a lubricant, as a heat transfer agent, as a rheological modifier and as a corrosion/moisture inhibitor, among other uses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2007
    Assignee: MJ Research Limited Partnership
    Inventors: Benjamin Mosier, Bryan J. Duffy
  • Patent number: 7049273
    Abstract: This invention relates to a novel multi-functional fuel and lubricant additive that provides dispersancy properties as well as viscosity index improver credit and, improved fuel economy. The invention further relates to concentrates, and to fuel and lubricating oil compositions containing said additive or concentrates. Finally, the invention provides methods for improving fuel economy, improving dispersancy, and for preparing the hybridized, acylated olefin copolymer useful as an oil additive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2006
    Assignee: Afton Chemical Intangibles LLC
    Inventors: Carl K. Esche, Jr., Charles Thomas West
  • Patent number: 7044988
    Abstract: The disclosed invention relates to a composition comprising a partially dehydrated product made by: (I) reacting (A) a hydrocarbyl substituted succinic acid or anhydride with (B) a polyol, a polyamine, a hydroxyamine, or a mixture of two or more thereof, to form a first intermediate product comprising: an ester, partial ester or mixture thereof when (B) is a polyol; an amide, imide, salt, amide/salt, partial amide or mixture of two or more thereof when (B) is a polyamine; or an ester, partial ester, amide, partial amide, amide/salt, imide, ester/salt, salt or a mixture of two or more thereof when (B) is a hydroxyamine, a mixture of a polyol and a polyamine, a mixture of a polyol and a hydroxyamine, a mixture of a polyamine and a hydroxyamine, or a mixture of a polyol, a polyamine and a hydroxyamine; the hydrocarbyl substituent of said acid or anhydride having an average of about 8 to about 200 carbon atoms; and (II) heating said first intermediate product at an effective temperature to form a second interm
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2006
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Brian B. Filippini, Richard M. Lange, Bryan A. Grisso, Bryn Hird
  • Patent number: 7041145
    Abstract: Fuel made from an emulsion between water and a liquid hydrocarbon and polymeric surfactant, used to stabilize the emulsion, obtainable by (a) reacting (i) at least one polyolefin oligomer functionalized with at least one group deriving from a dicarboxylic acid, or a derivative thereof; and (ii) at least one polyoxylalkylene having linear oxyalkylene units, the polyoxyalkylene being linked to a long-chain alkyl group optionally containing at least one ethylenic unsaturation; and (b) reacting the product of step (a) with (ii) at least one nitrogen compound selected from monoamines, polyamines and quaternary ammonium hydroxides. The fuel has high stability over time, without forming carbonaceous deposits adhering to metal surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2006
    Assignee: CAM Technologie S.p.A.
    Inventors: Tiziano Ambrosini, Attilio Citterio, Alberto De Amicis, Guido Rivolta
  • Patent number: 7018433
    Abstract: A fuel of an emulsion between water and a liquid hydrocarbon. The emulsion is stabilized by adding a polymeric surfactant obtainable by reaction between: (i) a polyolefin oligomer functionalized with at least one group deriving from a dicarboxylic acid, or a derivative thereof; and (ii) a polyoxyalkylene of linear oxyalkylene units. The polyoxyalkylene is linked to a long-chain alkyl group optionally containing one or more ethylenic unsaturations. The fuel has high stability over time, without forming carbonaceous deposits which adhere to metal surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2006
    Assignee: Cam Tecnologie S.p.A..
    Inventors: Guido Rivolta, Tiziano Ambrosini, Attilio Citterio, Enrico Albizzati
  • Patent number: 7014667
    Abstract: The present invention provides a continuous process for preparing additive mixtures for mineral oils and mineral oil distillates, comprising A) a cold flow improver for middle distillates, and at least one further component selected from B) and C): B) a further cold flow improver, C) an organic solvent, which comprises mixing cold flow improver and optionally solvent by means of a static mixer, the temperature of the additive mixture at the outlet of the static mixer being from 0° C. to 100° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2006
    Assignee: Clariant GmbH
    Inventors: Matthias Krull, Gerhard Bettermann, Curd-Werner Adams, Werner Reimann
  • Patent number: 6846783
    Abstract: Hydrocarbyl substituted carboxylic compositions and derivatives thereof useful as additives for lubricating oil and fuel compositions. Carboxylic composition are derived from (A) an olefinically unsaturated hydrocarbon, said hydrocarbon having at least one allylic hydrogen atom, and (B) an ?,?-unsaturated carboxylic compound prepared by reacting (1) an active methylene compound of the formula ?and (2) a carbonyl compound of the general formula ?wherein Ra is H or hydrocarbyl and Rb is a member of the group consisting of H, hydrocarbyl and ?wherein each R? is independently R or OR and each R is, independently, H or a hydrocarbyl group; and lower alkyl acetals, ketals, hemiacetals and hemiketals of the carbonyl compound (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2005
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Stuart L. Bartley, James D. Burrington, Richard Yodice
  • Publication number: 20040237385
    Abstract: A fuel oil composition is comprised of diesel oil and a lubricity additive of the formula (I):
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 1, 2004
    Publication date: December 2, 2004
    Inventors: Frank Bongardt, Juergen Roeder