Containing Organic -c(=o)o- Compound (e.g., Fatty Acids, Etc.) Patents (Class 44/385)
  • Patent number: 10183901
    Abstract: Methods and compositions for stabilization and subsequent hydrogenation of a microbial-derived immiscible olefin are described. The methods comprise separating immiscible olefin from a mixture comprising an aqueous solution, microbial cells and immiscible olefin thereby forming a crude olefin composition; purifying the crude olefin composition thereby forming a purified olefin composition; and adding a phenolic antioxidant to the purified olefin composition wherein the phenolic antioxidant is a phenol derivative containing an unfused phenyl ring with one or more hydroxyl substituents. The methods further comprise reacting the purified olefin composition with hydrogen in the presence of a hydrogen catalyst such that hydrogen saturates at least one double bond in the olefin. Hydrogenated compositions produced by the methods are further provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2019
    Assignee: AMYRIS, INC.
    Inventors: Nicholas L. Ohler, Roberto Vazquez
  • Patent number: 10167435
    Abstract: The present disclosure includes liquid compositions that can be used for marking liquid hydrocarbon-based fuels and combustibles; these compositions include at least one marker, one or more solvents and, optionally, one or more functional additives other than the markers. The disclosure also includes a process for qualitative and quantitative detection of these markers present in a liquid hydrocarbon-based composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: Total Marketing Services
    Inventors: Bénédicte Amblard, Denis Fadel, Jean-Paul Mercier, Frédéric Tort, Christian Tremoliere
  • Patent number: 10113188
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides compositions and methods for biologically producing fatty acid derivatives, such as fatty alcohols, from recombinant C1 metabolizing microorganisms that utilize C1 substrates such as methane or natural gas as a feedstock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: Calysta, Inc.
    Inventor: Joshua A. Silverman
  • Patent number: 10077413
    Abstract: The invention provides a process to prepare a detergent in the presence of a polyether compound. The invention further provides for a lubricating composition containing the detergent. The invention further relates to the use of the lubricating composition in a mechanical device such as an internal combustion engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2018
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Gary M. Walker, Ewan E. Delbridge, Yanshi Zhang, Edward P. Sampler, Stephen J. Cook, Christopher L. Friend, Mohamed G. Fahmy
  • Patent number: 10005964
    Abstract: A process for converting a biomass material comprising a) converting a biomass material in one or more steps into one or more C3-C12 oxygenates; b) contacting the one or more C3-C12 oxygenates with hydrogen at a hydrogen partial pressure of more than 1.0 MegaPascal in the presence of a sulphided carbon-carbon coupling catalyst; wherein the carbon-carbon coupling catalyst comprises equal to or more than 60 wt % of a zeolite and in the range from equal to or more than 0.1% wt to equal to or less than 10 wt % of a hydrogenation metal, based on the total weight of the carbon-carbon coupling catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Assignee: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Vikrant Nanasaheb Urade, Alan Anthony Del Paggio, Laxmi Narasimhan Chilkoor Soundararajan, Madhusudhan Rao Panchagnula
  • Patent number: 9909153
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides compositions and methods for biologically producing fatty acid derivatives, such as fatty alcohols, from recombinant C1 metabolizing microorganisms that utilize C1 substrates such as methane or natural gas as a feedstock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Assignee: Calysta, Inc.
    Inventor: Joshua A. Silverman
  • Patent number: 9796938
    Abstract: Provided herein are blends oils or fatty acids comprising more than 50% medium chain fatty acids, or the fatty acid alkyl esters thereof, and having low melting points. Such blends are useful as a fuel or as a starting material for the production of, for example, a biodiesel. Also provided genetically altered or modified plants, modified such that the amount of medium chain fatty acids generated by the plant are increased. Further provided is a method of predicting the melting point of a blend of fatty acid methyl esters and the use of such a method for identifying blends suitable for use as, for example, a biodiesel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2017
    Assignee: NUCELIS INC.
    Inventors: Mark Knuth, Peter R. Beetham, Keith Walker, Greg F. W. Gocal
  • Patent number: 9738842
    Abstract: There is described a process and an apparatus for purifying a mixture and related products. In particular, there is described a process and an apparatus for purifying a mixture comprising fats, oils and greases as are typically found in sewer waste. The process involves heating, acidifying and separating the mixture. The apparatus used includes a heating and separation device for separating into a solid fraction, an organic liquid fraction and an aqueous liquid fraction. Apparatus such as a three phase separation unit and a rotary vacuum filter may also be used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: Argent Energy (UK) Limited
    Inventor: Michael Scott
  • Patent number: 9658202
    Abstract: A method of identifying a product comprises forming a tagged product by adding to said product a tracer material comprising at least one tracer compound which is acceptable for use as an additive in food and subsequently analyzing a sample of said product to determine the presence of said tracer compound thereby to determine whether said sample is a sample of the tagged product. The method is especially useful for the identification of vegetable oil products from sustainably managed sources. The use of permitted food additives as tracers enables the product to be identified in the supply chain while also allowing it to be used safely in foodstuffs if required.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: JOHNSON MATTHEY PLC
    Inventors: Darrell Green, Duncan William John McCallien, Christopher Thomas Llewellyn
  • Patent number: 9624872
    Abstract: An engine system, comprising a metal engine valve with a coating that includes a phosphate, an additive delivery apparatus coupled to one or more engine cylinders, and an additive tank with an amount of additive located coupled to the additive delivery apparatus. The additive may include a chemical that reacts with the valve coating to produce a dry film lubricant that may be periodically injected into the engine chambers to provide valve lubrication and protection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: David Karl Bidner, Mark Allen Dearth
  • Patent number: 9611189
    Abstract: Methods and compositions for stabilization and subsequent hydrogenation of a microbial-derived immiscible olefin are described. The methods comprise providing a feed stream to the inlet of a reactor, wherein the feed stream comprises a microbial-derived immiscible olefin composition stabilized with a phenolic antioxidant which is a phenol derivative containing an unfused phenyl ring with one or more hydroxyl substituents. The methods further comprise contacting the feed stream with hydrogen in the presence of a hydrogenation catalyst at a temperature of about 20° C. or greater, and generating a product stream comprising a hydrogenated immiscible olefin composition. The microbial-derived immiscible olefin composition stabilized with the phenolic antioxidant remains stable over time, and its hydrogenation reaction time and process are improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2017
    Assignee: AMYRIS, INC.
    Inventors: Nicholas L. Ohler, Roberto Vazquez
  • Patent number: 9556462
    Abstract: Methods are provided for producing omega-7 fatty acids from feedstock that includes syngas using Rhodococcus microorganisms. The syngas feedstock includes at least one of CO or a mixture of CO2 and H2, and the methods include introducing syngas into a bioreactor, where chemoautotrophic Rhodococcus microorganisms convert the gaseous feedstock into omega-7 fatty acids, such as palmitoleic acid and vaccenic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2017
    Assignee: Kiverdi, Inc.
    Inventors: John S. Reed, Itzhak Kurek, Henrik Fyrst, Lisa Dyson
  • Patent number: 9315752
    Abstract: A diesel fuel composition comprising a performance enhancing additive, wherein the performance enhancing additive is the product of a Mannich reaction between: (a) an aldehyde; (b) a polyamine; and (c) an optionally substituted phenol; wherein the molar ratio of component (c) to component (b) in the reaction mixture used to prepare the performance enhancing additive is at least 1.5:1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: Innospec Limited
    Inventor: Jacqueline Reid
  • Patent number: 9303264
    Abstract: The present invention encompasses a photosynthetic microorganism that produces biofuels and biofuel precursors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: The Arizona Board of Regents for and on Behalf of Arizona State University
    Inventors: Roy Curtiss, Xinyao Liu
  • Patent number: 9238785
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the production of biodiesel and biodiesel precursor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2016
    Assignee: Sued-Chemie IP GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Ulrich Sohling, Friedrich Ruf, Beate Geissler, Herminia Millan
  • Patent number: 9181506
    Abstract: Carbohydrates as derived from plant biomass can be converted into mono-alcohols, diols, and/or bi-functional alcohols or into carboxylic acid derivatives. By catalytic transesterification of such carbohydrate derivatives, ester-type diesel-fuel blendstock components may be produced. More specifically, alkyl levulinates are catalytically trans-esterified with hydroxyl-functionalized compounds where both the alcohols and the alkyl levulinates are derived from biomass carbohydrates. Esters produced in this way show physicochemical characteristics that make them suitable for use as diesel fuel blendstock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Assignee: PHILLIPS 66 COMPANY
    Inventors: Edgar Lotero, Kristi A. Fjare, Cory B. Phillips, Alexandru Platon
  • Patent number: 9163190
    Abstract: A diesel fuel composition comprising a nitrogen-containing detergent and a performance enhancing additive, wherein the performance enhancing additive is the product of a Mannich reaction between: (a) an aldehyde; (b) a polyamine; and (c) an optionally substituted phenol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: Innospec Limited
    Inventor: Jacqueline Reid
  • Patent number: 9039790
    Abstract: Methods for making a fuel composition comprising contacting one or more components of a hydroprocessing feedstock, for example both a fatty acid- or triglyceride-containing component and a paraffin-rich component, with hydrogen under catalytic hydroprocessing conditions are disclosed. The methods are effective to upgrade the component(s) and provide a hydroprocessed biofuel. A representative method utilizes a single-stage process in which hydrogen-containing recycle gas is circulated through both a hydrodeoxygenation zone and a hydrocracking zone in series.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Tom N. Kalnes
  • Publication number: 20150056672
    Abstract: Provided herein are systems and methods for producing eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and/or derivatives and/or mixtures thereof by growing algae that produce the oils containing EPA and/or DHA and/or derivatives and/or mixtures thereof, harvesting the algae with fish in one or more enclosed systems, and then processing fish to separate and purify the EPA and/or DHA. The multi-trophic systems provided herein comprise at least one enclosure that contains the algae and the fishes, and means for controllably feeding the algae to the fishes. Also provided herein are the lipid compositions extracted from the fishes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 2, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Applicant: LiveFuels, Inc.
    Inventors: Benjamin Chiau-pin Wu, David Stephen, Gaye Elizabeth Morgenthaler, David Vancott Jones
  • Patent number: 8926716
    Abstract: In a fuel composition containing a static dissipator additive, a Fischer-Tropsch derived fuel component is blended for the purpose of increasing the electrical conductivity of the composition and/or for reducing the concentration of the static dissipator additive in the composition. The fuel composition is preferably an automotive diesel fuel composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Claire Ansell, Richard Hugh Clark, Robert Wilfred Matthews Wardle, Sze Hsuean Karen Lee
  • Patent number: 8900332
    Abstract: Provided in a fuel additive for heavy oil, made using a composition comprising: an oil-soluble metallic compound containing any one metal selected from calcium, barium, manganese, and iron; alcohol; hydrotreated light distillate; paraffin (kerosene); mineral oil; and a nonionic surfactant. The fuel additive for heavy oil, when added in a small amount to a heavy oil, can lower the kinematic viscosity and the flash point of the heavy oil, minimize the occurrence of a residual carbon fraction, dust, a sulfur fraction, or the like, increase the caloric value of the heavy oil, and improve the combustion efficiency during the combustion of the heavy oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Inventor: Young Seo Lee
  • Patent number: 8876919
    Abstract: Lipid-based wax compositions and their methods of making are provided for compositions substantially free of fat bloom. The compositions comprise approximately 7-80 percent by weight triacylglycerides and approximately 20-93 percent by weight monoacylglycerides and diacylglycerides combined. The methods comprise blending the monoacylglycerides, diacylglycerides, and triacylglycerides in the lipid-based wax composition by heating the lipid-based wax composition at a sufficiently high temperature to destroy substantially all crystal structure within the lipid-based wax composition. The methods further comprise pouring the lipid-based wax composition into a mold or a container having a surface and a core, wherein the pouring is conducted at a temperature at least 15° C. greater than the congeal point of the lipid-based wax composition. The methods further comprise cooling the lipid-based wax composition under conditions sufficient to cool the core to at least 5° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey R. DiMaio, R. Trenton Bostic, Timothy A. Murphy, Michael J. Tupy, Baris Kokouz, Stephen Hudson
  • Patent number: 8870980
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for producing enzymes and single cell oil. The process comprises that microorganisms capable of producing both single cell oil and enzymes are cultivated under conditions suitable for single cell oil production and enzyme production in a single cell oil production process. A microorganism culture comprising single cell oil and enzymes is obtained and at least part of the microorganism culture, of the supernatant and/or microorganism cells separated from the microorganism culture, of protein fraction enriched from the supernatant, and/or of protein fraction obtained from the cells is used as an enzyme preparation or as a source of enzymes. Single cell oil is recovered from the microorganism cells and used as biofuel, component of biofuel or as a starting material for biofuel production. Enzymes produced according to the process are used in the same or in another industrial process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Neste Oil Oyj
    Inventors: Annika Malm, Simo Laakso, Ossi Pastinen, Heidi Kahelin, Miia Mujunen
  • Patent number: 8795394
    Abstract: The present invention provides a gas oil composition for winter use, which can achieve environment load reduction, excellent low-temperature properties and low fuel consumption all together. The gas oil composition comprises on the basis of the total mass thereof, an FT synthetic base oil and/or a hydrotreated animal or vegetable oil with specific characteristics in an amount of 70 percent by volume or more and 98 percent by volume or less, a petroleum base oil with specific characteristics in an amount of 2 percent by volume or more and 30 percent by volume or less and a cold flow improver comprising an ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer and/or a compound with a surface active effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Oil Corporation
    Inventor: Hideaki Sugano
  • Patent number: 8790425
    Abstract: The object of the present invention is to provide a method for aggregating and separating algae dispersed in a liquid efficiently. According to the present invention, a method for aggregating and separating algae dispersed in a liquid, which comprises adding an alkaline inorganic aggregating agent to the liquid at pH of 2.0 to 4.0 in which algae are dispersed, followed by adding a cationic polymer aggregating agent, is provided. Further, according to the present invention, a method for producing biofuel utilizing algae is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Hiroshi Urayama, Minoru Kurata, Hiroaki Fukuda
  • Patent number: 8778034
    Abstract: There is disclosed a biodegradable fuel additive composition derived from at least one animal or plant source, and a fuel composition containing a biodegradable fuel additive composition derived from at least one animal or plant source useful for reducing the formation of engine deposits and for improving fuel economy of a vehicle combusting the fuel composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Afton Chemical Corporation
    Inventor: Lawrence J. Cunningham
  • Publication number: 20140173973
    Abstract: A liquid fuel composition containing (a) a diesel base fuel suitable for use in an internal combustion engine; and (b) one or more organic sunscreen compounds. The liquid fuel composition of the present invention provides benefits in terms of power output of a diesel engine, and modifying the ignition delay and/or modifying the burn period and/or increasing the cetane number of the liquid fuel composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2013
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventor: Mark Lawrence BREWER
  • Publication number: 20140173972
    Abstract: A liquid fuel composition containing (a) a gasoline base fuel suitable for use in an internal combustion engine; and (b) one or more organic sunscreen compounds. The liquid fuel composition of the present invention provides benefits in terms of improved acceleration and/or power output of an internal combustion engine fuelled by said fuel as well as an increase in flame speed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2013
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Mark Lawrence BREWER, Michael William HOWE
  • Publication number: 20140130401
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and devices are disclosed for producing, storing and using alcohol fuels. In one aspect of the disclosed technology, a method to provide a fuel for an engine includes mixing an alcohol with water to produce a wet alcohol, adding a fuel constituent in the wet alcohol to form a liquid fuel, the fuel constituent being soluble in the wet alcohol, and converting, in a container having an interior formed of an armored material, the liquid fuel into a gaseous fuel substance using at least one of heat energy or electrical energy to pressurize the liquid fuel, the gaseous fuel substance exhibiting a higher pressure and lower density than that of the liquid fuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: MCALISTER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Patent number: 8722947
    Abstract: The present invention provides a gas oil composition for use in a diesel engine containing an FT synthetic base oil and having a sulfur content of 5 ppm by mass or less, an oxygen content of 100 ppm by mass or less, a bulk modulus of 1250 MPa or greater and 1450 MPa or less, a saybolt color of +22 or greater, a lubricity of 400 ?m or less, an initial boiling point of 140° C. or higher and an end point of 380° C. or lower in distillation characteristics, wherein: (1) the cetane number in a fraction range of lower than 200° C. is 20 or greater and less than 40; (2) the cetane number in a fraction range of 200° C. or higher and lower than 280° C. is 30 or greater and less than 60; and (3) the cetane number in a fraction range of 280° C. or higher is 50 or greater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Oil Corporation
    Inventor: Hideaki Sugano
  • Patent number: 8715374
    Abstract: A methodology for separation and subsequent handling of FAME fractions of biodiesel, comprising of the steps, providing a biodiesel containing several different FAME fractions mixed together, the biodiesel being at a first temperature wherein at the first temperature none of the FAME fractions of the biodiesel have crystallized; bringing the biodiesel to a first crystallizing temperature, wherein when the biodiesel reaches the first crystallizing temperature, a first FAME fraction remains in a non-crystallized, liquid phase while the remaining FAME fractions crystallize; and separating the liquid first FAME fraction from the remaining crystallized FAME fractions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Green Fuels Research, Ltd.
    Inventor: Duane Johnson
  • Patent number: 8715377
    Abstract: Liquid suspensions are disclosed comprising a suspending medium, small particles of biomass, and small particles of an inorganic material. The inorganic material stabilizes the suspension, so that it may be transported by pipeline or tank car without developing a sediment. The suspension may be used in manufacturing a bio-fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: KiOR, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul O'Connor, Sjoerd Daamen
  • Patent number: 8709111
    Abstract: A diesel fuel formulation with improved lubricity is provided containing (i) a fatty alcohol ester, (ii) an acid-based lubricity additive and (iii) an additional diesel fuel component. The ester (i) has the formula R1-C(O)—O—R2, in which R1 is for example either hydrogen or methyl and R2 is for example a C6 to C14 alkyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Allison Felix-Moore, George Robert Lee, Richard John Price
  • Patent number: 8709107
    Abstract: The instant invention pertains to new biodiesels which may be blended with petrodiesel. The biodiesels may comprise a fatty acid C1-C2 alkyl ester and a fatty acid branched C3-C4 alkyl ester. Blends of the novel biodiesel and petrodiesel often exhibit advantageous cloud point properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventor: Stephen J. Miller
  • Patent number: 8709109
    Abstract: A process for preparing biodiesel having improved filterability characteristics including inducing transesterification of a triglyceride feedstock with cavitation to form an intermediate reaction product. Glycerol by product is separated from the intermediate reaction product before finishing the transesterification reaction in a pressurized reaction tank to yield a biodiesel reaction product. The biodiesel reaction product can be further purified by removing glycerol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Arisdyne Systems Incorporated
    Inventors: Oleg Kozyuk, Peter Reimers, Paul A. Reinking
  • Patent number: 8647395
    Abstract: A surfactant package for a water-in-hydrocarbon emulsion includes a fatty acid component; a fatty acid salt component; an alcohol component and a salt of carboxylic acid. Emulsions formed using this surfactant package are stable and have ratios of water to surfactant of at least about 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: Intevep, S.A.
    Inventors: Xiomara Gutierrez, Hercilio Rivas, Migdalia Carrasquero, Luis Marcano
  • Patent number: 8628592
    Abstract: The present invention provides a gas oil composition that can achieve environment load reduction, low temperature properties and low fuel consumption all together and is suitably used in a winter season. The gas oil composition comprises an Ft synthetic base oil in an amount of 60 percent by mass or more on the basis of the total mass of the composition and has a sulfur content of 5 ppm by mass or less, an aromatic content of 10 percent by volume or less, an oxygen content of 100 ppm or less, an end point of 360° C. or lower, an insoluble content after an oxidation stability test of 0.5 mg/100 mL or less, an HFRR wear scar diameter (WS1.4) of 400 ?m or smaller and a specific relation in normal paraffin contents and the total content thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
    Inventor: Hideaki Sugano
  • Patent number: 8624068
    Abstract: The present invention provides a gas oil composition for use in a diesel engine with a geometric compression ratio of 16 or less, equipped with a supercharger and an EGR, containing an FT synthetic base oil and having a sulfur content of 5 ppm by mass or less, an oxygen content of 100 ppm by mass or less, a bulk modulus of 1250 MPa or greater and 1450 MPa or less, a saybolt color of +22 or greater, a lubricity of 400 ?m or less, an initial boiling point of 140° C. or higher and an end point of 380° C. or lower in distillation characteristics, and the following characteristics (1) to (3) in each fraction range wherein: (1) the cetane number in a fraction range of lower than 200° C. is 40 or greater and less than 60; (2) the cetane number in a fraction range of 200° C. or higher and lower than 280° C. is 60 or greater and less than 80; and (3) the cetane number in a fraction range of 280° C. or higher is 50 or greater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Oil Corporation
    Inventor: Hideaki Sugano
  • Patent number: 8623103
    Abstract: The present invention provides a gas oil composition that can achieve environment load reduction, low temperature properties and low fuel consumption all together and is suitably used in a winter season. The gas oil composition comprises an FT synthetic base oil in an amount of 60 percent by mass or more on the basis of the total mass of the composition and has a sulfur content of 5 ppm by mass or less, an aromatic content of 10 percent by volume or less, an oxygen content of 100 ppm or less, an end point of 360° C. or lower, an insoluble content after an oxidation stability test of 0.5 mg/100 mL or less, an HFRR wear scar diameter (WS1.4) of 400 ?m or smaller and a specific relation in normal paraffin contents and the total content thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
    Inventor: Hideaki Sugano
  • Patent number: 8623104
    Abstract: The present invention provides a gas oil composition that can achieve environment load reduction, low temperature properties and low fuel consumption all together and is suitably used in a winter season. The gas oil composition comprises an Ft synthetic base oil in an amount of 60 percent by mass or more on the basis of the total mass of the composition and has a sulfur content of 5 ppm by mass or less, an aromatic content of 10 percent by volume or less, an oxygen content of 100 ppm or less, an end point of 360° C. or lower, an insoluble content after an oxidation stability test of 0.5 mg/100 mL or less, an HFRR wear scar diameter (WS1.4) of 400 ?m or smaller and a specific relation in normal paraffin contents and the total content thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
    Inventor: Hideaki Sugano
  • Publication number: 20140000156
    Abstract: Provided in a fuel additive for heavy oil, made using a composition comprising: an oil-soluble metallic compound containing any one metal selected from calcium, barium, manganese, and iron; alcohol; hydrotreated light distillate; paraffin (kerosene); mineral oil; and a nonionic surfactant. The fuel additive for heavy oil, when added in a small amount to a heavy oil, can lower the kinematic viscosity and the flash point of the heavy oil, minimize the occurrence of a residual carbon fraction, dust, a sulfur fraction, or the like, increase the caloric value of the heavy oil, and improve the combustion efficiency during the combustion of the heavy oil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 2, 2012
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Inventor: Young Seo Lee
  • Patent number: 8586365
    Abstract: The invention provides novel methods for optimizing the design of a fatty acid alkyl ester-containing biofuel (e.g. a biodiesel, a biodiesel blend, or a jet biofuel) and for identifying a fatty acid alkyl ester-containing biofuel's feedstock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Paul P. Wells, Mike T. Noorman, Donna I. Hoel, Jacob J. Habeeb
  • Publication number: 20130283676
    Abstract: A fuel additive for hydrocarbon fuel that is fueled in fired burners and open flames for enhancing fuel storage, for enhancing fuel combustion by increasing fuel efficiency, and/or for reducing undesirable emissions, such as pollutants, includes an inorganic metal oxide, a metal carboxylate, an acid, and an organic dispersion fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 19, 2013
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Applicant: ADITIVOS Y PROYECTOS ENERGÉTICOS E INDUSTRIALES, S.A. DE C.V.
    Inventors: Pablo Jesús Morales Leal, Jesús Pablo Morales Pinal
  • Publication number: 20130288937
    Abstract: An additive compound comprising a derivative of particular fatty acids and polyamines has been found to be friction reducing, and particularly readily miscible in fuels and lubricants. The fatty acid has more than 12 carbon atoms and at least one carboxylic group. The polyamine residue has more than two nitrogen atoms. The mole ratio of the carboxylic groups to nitrogen atoms used to form the compound is greater than 0.8 carboxylic groups per 1 nitrogen atom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 8, 2011
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Applicant: INNOSPEC LIMITED
    Inventors: Anthony Cooney, Alan Ross, Vince Burgess
  • Publication number: 20130239466
    Abstract: A reactor includes a shell having an input port configured to receive a reaction mixture and an output port configured to discharge a reaction product and a plug within the shell, the sintered plug having a first catalyst configured to transform the reaction mixture into the reaction product, the plug having pores of at least 0.01 micrometers (?m) diameter. A conduit includes a first and second lumen, the first lumen configured to carry a first fluid in a first direction and the second lumen configured to carry a second fluid in a second direction, the first lumen helically twisted relative to the second lumen, and the first lumen configured to conductively transfer thermal energy to the second lumen. A system includes a reactor with a sintered plug and a heat exchanger including a first and a second lumen helically intertwined about an axis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Inventor: Gregory Mowry
  • Patent number: 8535397
    Abstract: Process for the extraction of fatty acids from algal biomass comprising: producing an aqueous suspension of algal biomass; subjecting the aqueous suspension of algal biomass to acid hydrolysis and extraction by the addition of at least one non-polar organic solvent and at least one inorganic acid to said aqueous suspension of algal biomass, so as to obtain the following three phases: (i) a semisolid phase comprising a slurry of the algal biomass; (ii) an aqueous phase comprising inorganic compounds and hydrophilic organic compounds; (iii) an organic phase comprising fatty acids and hydrophobic organic compounds other than said fatty acids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: ENI S.p.A.
    Inventors: Ezio Nicola D'Addario, Federico Capuano, Edoardo D'Angeli, Roberto Medici
  • Patent number: 8530715
    Abstract: The present invention relates to production of fuels or fuel blendstocks from renewable sources. Various embodiments provide a method of producing a hydrocarbon product by hydrotreating a feedstock including at least one of a renewable triacylglyceride (TAG), renewable free fatty acid (FFA), and renewable fatty acid C1-C5 alkyl ester (C1-C5 FAE) in the presence of a nonsulfided hydrotreating catalyst to produce a first product including hydrocarbons. In some examples, the first product can be subjected to further chemical transformations such as aromatization, cracking, or isomerization to produce a second product including hydrocarbons. In various embodiments, the first or second hydrocarbon product with minimal or substantially no further processing can be suitable as a liquid transportation fuel or fuel blendstock, including fuels such as gasoline, naptha, kerosene, jet fuel, and diesel fuels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Energy & Environmental Research Center Foundation
    Inventors: Joshua R. Strege, Benjamin G. Oster, Paul D. Pansegrau, Chad A. Wocken, Ted R. Aulich, Marc D. Kurz
  • Patent number: 8523959
    Abstract: The present invention is generally directed to methods for making fuels from biomass comprising triglyceride species, whereby the biomass is subjected to partial hydrodeoxygenation and (optionally) catalytic isomerization. The partial-hydrodeoxygenation of the triglyceride species produces a fuel that retains some oxygenates for enhanced lubricity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventor: Dennis J. O'Rear
  • Publication number: 20130205653
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing fuel from organic waste or biomass in a gasification process comprising the burning of organic waste or biomass and the recovery of the gasification residue. The method comprises at least the following steps: organic aqueous waste or biomass (M; M1) is fed in a combustion chamber (1); oxygen-bearing pressurized regeneration gas (G) is also fed in said combustion chamber (1); a continuous, pressurized combustion process is maintained in the combustion chamber, without adding an external oxygen source or heat in the process, so that the combustion of organic waste or biomass is carried out with the oxygen content of 0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 18, 2011
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Inventors: Timo Nylander, Sami Nylander
  • Patent number: 8506657
    Abstract: The invention relates to a dispersion of the type comprising particles of a rare earth compound, particularly a compound of cerium, an acid and an organic phase, characterized in further comprising an anti-oxidant agent which can particularly be selected from substituted derivatives of phenol, aromatic amines or tocopherols. Said dispersion may be used as additive for diesel fuel for internal combustion engines, in particular as additive for diesel for diesel engines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Rhodia Operations
    Inventor: Gilbert Blanchard