Of Group Viii (i.e., Iron Or Platinum Group) Patents (Class 502/185)
  • Patent number: 10898879
    Abstract: Disclosed is a visible light-activated photocatalytic coating composition comprising a visible light active photocatalytic material and an aqueous solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2021
    Assignee: LG HAUSYS, LTD.
    Inventors: Joo-Hwan Seo, Dong-Il Lee, Seong-Moon Jung, Ha-Na Kim, Hye-Youn Jang
  • Patent number: 10818933
    Abstract: Embodiments described herein relate to methods for preparing catalysts and catalyst supports. In one embodiment, transition metal carbide materials, having a nanotube like morphology, are utilized as a support for a precious metal catalyst, such as platinum. Embodiments described herein also relate to proton exchange membrane fuel cells that incorporate the catalysts described herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2020
    Assignee: UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING
    Inventors: Dongmei Li, Shibely Saha, Brian Leonard
  • Patent number: 10807072
    Abstract: The present invention disclosed preparation method of a visible-light-driven CC@SnS2/SnO2 composite catalyst, and application thereof, comprising the following steps: preparing CC@SnS2 composite material in a solvent by using SnCl4.5H2O and C2H5NS as raw materials and carbon fiber cloth as a supporting material; calcining said CC@SnS2 composite material to obtain the visible-light-driven CC@SnS2/SnO2 composite catalyst. The present invention overcomes defects of the traditional methods of treating chromium-containing wastewater, including chemical precipitation, adsorption, ion exchange resin and electrolysis, and the photocatalytic technology can make full use of solar light source or artificial light source without adding adsorbent or reducing agent. In this case, the use of semiconductor photocatalyst to convert hexavalent chromium in chromium wastewater into less toxic and easily precipitated trivalent chromium greatly reduces the cost and energy consumption.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: SOOCHOW UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Jianmei Lu, Dongyun Chen
  • Patent number: 10780397
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are base metal catalyst devices for removing ozone, volatile organic compounds, and other pollutants from an air flow stream. A catalyst device includes a housing, a solid substrate disposed within the housing, and a catalyst layer disposed on the substrate. The catalyst layer includes a first base metal catalyst at a first mass percent, a second base metal catalyst at a second mass percent, and a support material impregnated with at least one of the first base metal catalyst or the second base metal catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Assignee: BASF CORPORATION
    Inventors: David M. Robinson, Mark T. Buelow, Laif R. Alden, Michael Durilla
  • Patent number: 10737218
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are base metal catalyst devices for removing ozone, volatile organic compounds, and other pollutants from an air flow stream. A catalyst device includes a housing, a solid substrate disposed within the housing, and a catalyst layer disposed on the substrate. The catalyst layer includes a first base metal catalyst at a first mass percent, a second base metal catalyst at a second mass percent, and a support material impregnated with at least one of the first base metal catalyst or the second base metal catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: BASF CORPORATION
    Inventors: David M. Robinson, Mark T. Buelow, Laif R. Alden, Michael Durilla
  • Patent number: 10722867
    Abstract: Shaped porous carbon products and processes for preparing these products are provided. The shaped porous carbon products can be used, for example, as catalyst supports and adsorbents. Catalyst compositions including these shaped porous carbon products, processes of preparing the catalyst compositions, and various processes of using the shaped porous carbon products and catalyst compositions are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2020
    Assignee: Archer-Daniels-Midland Company
    Inventors: Gary M. Diamond, Guang Zhu, Vincent J. Murphy, Eric Dias
  • Patent number: 10637072
    Abstract: A method for synthesis of PtNi nanocages by synthesizing Pt1Ni6 nanoparticles and acid leaching to form PtNi nanocages. The acid leaching removes nickel selectively from the core of the nanoparticle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2020
    Assignee: UChicago Argonne, LLC
    Inventors: Vojislav Stamenkovic, Gregory K. Krumdick, Rongyue Wang, Nenad Markovic, Krzysztof Pupek, Trevor L. Dzwiniel
  • Patent number: 10618807
    Abstract: The invention provides a process for the production of hydrogen, comprising catalytically decomposing a concentrated aqueous solution of potassium formate in a reaction vessel to form bicarbonate slurry and hydrogen, discharging the hydrogen from said reaction vessel, and treating a mixture comprising the bicarbonate slurry and the catalyst with an oxidizer, thereby regenerating the catalyst. Pd/C catalysts useful in the process are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Assignee: YISSUM RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT COMPANY OF THE HEBREW UNIVERSITY OF JERUSALEM LTD.
    Inventors: Yoel Sasson, Harold Wiener, Ariel Givant
  • Patent number: 10483552
    Abstract: A catalyst containing a carbon support and a core-shell nanoparticle supported on the carbon support, wherein a core of the core-shell nanoparticle is cobalt metal not containing a heterogeneous element and the shell contains carbon. The catalyst for an oxygen reduction reaction of the present disclosure is a catalyst in which the cobalt core-carbon shell nanoparticle is supported on the carbon support through ligand stabilization and heat treatment. The catalyst can be synthesized to have high dispersibility. In particular, it can be used as an electrode catalyst of a cathode to improve the oxygen reduction activity and durability of a fuel cell operating under an alkaline atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2019
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Sung Jong Yoo, Jue-hyuk Jang, So Young Lee, Jin Young Kim, Jong Hyun Jang, Hyoung-Juhn Kim, Namgee Jung, Hyun Seo Park
  • Patent number: 10326145
    Abstract: Methods and compositions for use in the preparation of MOF-based non-PGM electrocatalysts including combining transition metal compounds with organic ligands and secondary building units to create a solid mixture, heating the solid mixture to form a MOF through a solid-state reaction, optionally heating the MOF to convert it to an electrocatalyst via pyrolysis, and optionally post-treating. The electrode catalysts may be used in various electrochemical systems, including a proton exchange membrane fuel cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: UChicago Argonne, LLC
    Inventors: Di-Jia Liu, Dan Zhao
  • Patent number: 10320003
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a cathode with improved mass transfer capability includes (a) mixing a metal-supported catalyst with an alkane compound having a thiol group and masking a surface of the metal-supported catalyst with the alkane compound having the thiol group by coating; (b) mixing the metal-supported catalyst masked with the alkane compound having the thiol group, with a polymer electrolyte and a solvent to produce a slurry and manufacturing the cathode using the slurry; and (c) producing a membrane electrode assembly (MEA) using the cathode, an electrolyte membrane and an anode and applying a voltage to the membrane electrode assembly to remove the alkane compound having the thiol group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignees: HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, KIA MOTORS CORPORATION, KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Jin Yi Choi, Hoon Hui Lee, Gi Su Doo, Hee Tak Kim
  • Patent number: 10252961
    Abstract: A process is described for directly converting a high fructose feedstock to a product mixture including one or more lower polyols in which 1,2-propanediol is produced in preference to any other lower polyols, wherein a high fructose feed and a source of hydrogen are supplied to a reaction vessel and reacted in the presence of a copper-containing, supported ruthenium catalyst to provide the product mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: Archer Daniels Midland Company
    Inventor: Chi Cheng Ma
  • Patent number: 10183252
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are base metal catalyst devices for removing ozone, volatile organic compounds, and other pollutants from an air flow stream. A catalyst device includes a housing, a solid substrate disposed within the housing, and a catalyst layer disposed on the substrate. The catalyst layer includes a first base metal catalyst at a first mass percent, a second base metal catalyst at a second mass percent, and a support material impregnated with at least one of the first base metal catalyst or the second base metal catalyst. The preferred catalyst composition is a combination of manganese oxide and copper oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2019
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: David M. Robinson, Mark T. Buelow, Laif R. Alden, Michael Durilla
  • Patent number: 10186711
    Abstract: The invention relates to methods of preparing metal particles on a support material, including platinum-containing nanoparticles on a carbon support. Such materials can be used as electrocatalysts, for example as improved electrocatalysts in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEM-FCs).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2019
    Assignees: Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc., Toyota Motor Corporation, Sandia Corporation
    Inventors: Tochi Tudor Nwoga, Kazuo Kawahara, Wen Li, Yujiang Song, John A. Shelnutt, James E. Miller, Craig John Medforth, Yukiyoshi Ueno, Tetsuo Kawamura
  • Patent number: 10167430
    Abstract: Embodiments of a method for producing bio-oil include hydrothermal liquefaction of a biomass (e.g., a lignocellulosic biomass) feedstock to provide a process stream comprising crude oil and an aqueous fraction. The process stream is catalytically upgraded by contact with a sulfided-ruthenium catalyst, in the absence of added hydrogen, at a temperature and pressure effective to reduce an oxygen content of the crude oil, reduce a nitrogen content of the crude oil, reduce a total acid number of the crude oil, increase a H:C mole ratio of the crude oil, reduce a density of the crude oil, reduce a moisture content of the crude oil, reduce viscosity of the crude oil, or any combination thereof, thereby producing an upgraded oil and an upgraded aqueous fraction, which are subsequently separated. The catalytic upgrading process may be a plug-flow process and/or may be performed at or near liquefaction conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Todd R. Hart, Douglas C. Elliott, Andrew J. Schmidt, Richard T. Hallen
  • Patent number: 10090532
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for producing a fuel cell electrode which is configured to be able to deliver stable electricity generation performance even if the humidity condition of the external environment is changed. Disclosed is a method for producing a fuel cell electrode comprising a catalyst layer that contains a catalyst composite-carried carbon containing platinum, a titanium oxide and an electroconductive carbon, wherein the method comprises: a first step of decreasing an amount of acidic functional groups on a surface of the catalyst composite-carried carbon by firing the catalyst composite-carried carbon at 250° C. or more; a second step of producing a catalyst ink by mixing the catalyst composite-carried carbon obtained in the first step, an ionomer, and a solvent; and a third step of forming the catalyst layer using the catalyst ink obtained in the second step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Tatsuya Arai, Takazumi Mandokoro
  • Patent number: 10016752
    Abstract: The method of making palladium nanoparticles is a microwave thermolysis-based method of making palladium nanoparticles from a complex of palladium(II) acetate Pd(O2CCH3)2 (or Pd(OAc)2) and a ligand. The complex of palladium(II) acetate and the ligand is melted in oleic acid and dichloromethane to form a solution. The ligand is 1-(pyridin-2-yldiazenyl)naphthalen-2-ol (C15H11N3O), which has the structure: The solution is stirred for two hours under an inert argon atmosphere, and then irradiated with microwave radiation to produce palladium nanoparticles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: KING SAUD UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Nabil Ahmed Al-Zaqri, Ismail Khalil Warad, Ali Mohammed Alsalme, Mujeeb Abdullah Sultan
  • Patent number: 9993802
    Abstract: Shaped porous carbon products and processes for preparing these products are provided. The shaped porous carbon products can be used, for example, as catalyst supports and adsorbents. Catalyst compositions including these shaped porous carbon products, processes of preparing the catalyst compositions, and various processes of using the shaped porous carbon products and catalyst compositions are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2018
    Assignee: Archer Daniels Midland Company
    Inventors: Eric L. Dias, Alfred Hagemeyer, Hong X. Jiang, James Longmire, James A. W. Shoemaker, Valery Sokolovskii, Guang Zhu, Vincent J. Murphy, Gary M. Diamond
  • Patent number: 9893365
    Abstract: To provide electrode catalyst which has the catalyst activity and durability at a practically durable level and contributes to lowering of the cost in comparison with the conventional Pt/C catalyst. The electrode catalyst has a support and catalyst particles supported on the support. The catalyst particle has the core part, the first shell part formed on the core part, and the second shell part formed on the first shell part. The core part contains W compound including at least W carbide, the first shell part contains simple Pd, and the second shell part contains simple Pt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2018
    Assignee: N.E. CHEMCAT CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kiyotaka Nagamori, Tomoteru Mizusaki, Yoko Nakamura, Hiroshi Igarashi, Yasuhiro Seki
  • Patent number: 9783474
    Abstract: Described herein are processes for one-step delignification and hydrodeoxygenation of lignin fraction a biomass feedstock. The lignin feedstock is derived from by-products of paper production and biorefineries. Additionally described is a process for converting biomass-derived oxygenates to lower oxygen-content compounds and/or hydrocarbons in the liquid or vapor phase in a reactor system containing hydrogen and a catalyst comprised of a hydrogenation function and/or an oxophilic function and/or an acid function. Finally, also described herein is a process for converting biomass-derived oxygenates to lower oxygen-content compounds and/or hydrocarbons in the liquid or vapor phase in a reactor system containing hydrogen and a catalyst comprised of a hydrogenation function and/or an oxophilic function and/or an acid function.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignee: PURDUE RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventors: William Nicholas Delgass, Rakesh Agrawal, Fabio Henrique Ribeiro, Basudeb Saha, Sara Lynn Yohe, Mahdi M Abu-Omar, Trenton Parsell, Paul James Dietrich, Ian Michael Klein
  • Patent number: 9682368
    Abstract: Shaped porous carbon products and processes for preparing these products are provided. The shaped porous carbon products can be used, for example, as catalyst supports and adsorbents. Catalyst compositions including these shaped porous carbon products, processes of preparing the catalyst compositions, and various processes of using the shaped porous carbon products and catalyst compositions are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2017
    Assignee: Rennovia Inc.
    Inventors: Eric L. Dias, Alfred Hagemeyer, Hong X. Jiang, James Longmire, James A. W. Shoemaker, Valery Sokolovskii, Guang Zhu, Vincent J. Murphy, Gary M. Diamond
  • Patent number: 9618476
    Abstract: A biological sample analysis device includes a casing that encloses a biological sample delivery system hydraulically coupled to a sensor, wherein the sensor includes a plurality of Graphene transistors and each transistor covalently bonds with a biomarker causing the electrical properties of the transistor to measurably change when the biomarker is exposed to corresponding antibodies within an infected biological sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Assignee: NANOMEDICAL DIAGNOSTICS, INC.
    Inventor: Brett Goldsmith
  • Patent number: 9550721
    Abstract: A method for preparing dimethyl 1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylate (DMCD) is provided. The method includes hydrogenating dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) under a condition of a pressure of 20 to 30 kg/cm2 to continuously prepare the DMCD, and thereby increasing the selectivity of the DMCD. A method for preparing 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol (CHDM) is further provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2017
    Assignee: China Petrochemical Development Corporation
    Inventors: Wei-Ying Li, Shih-Yao Chao, I-Hui Lin
  • Patent number: 9543569
    Abstract: A composition comprising at least one graphene-supported metal oxide monolith, said monolith comprising a three-dimensional structure of graphene sheets crosslinked by covalent carbon bonds, wherein the graphene sheets are coated by at least one metal oxide such as iron oxide or titanium oxide. Also provided is an electrode comprising the aforementioned graphene-supported metal oxide monolith, wherein the electrode can be substantially free of any carbon-black and substantially free of any binder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Assignee: Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC
    Inventors: Marcus A. Worsley, Theodore F. Baumann, Juergen Biener, Monika A. Biener, Yinmin Wang, Jianchao Ye, Elijah Tylski
  • Patent number: 9537155
    Abstract: Electrocatalysts having non-corrosive, non-carbon support particles are provided as well as the method of making the electrocatalysts and the non-corrosive, non-carbon support particles. Embodiments of the non-corrosive, non-carbon support particle consists essentially of titanium dioxide and ruthenium dioxide. The electrocatalyst can be used in fuel cells, for example.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2017
    Assignee: Nissan North America, Inc.
    Inventors: Nilesh Dale, Ellazar Niangar, Taehee Han, Kan Huang, Gregory DiLeo
  • Patent number: 9527783
    Abstract: A catalyst for methanation of carbon dioxide, a method of preparing the catalyst, and a method of hydrogenating carbon dioxide in the presence of the catalyst in a fixed bed reactor are disclosed. The catalyst is formed by mixing ash from a biomass power plant with a nickel compound and calcining the resulting mixture. The catalyst formed by calcination includes between 2 and 20 wt. % of nickel supported on ash from combusting biomass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2016
    Assignee: WUHAN KAIDI ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Zhilong Wang, Yanfeng Zhang, Yilong Chen, Yongjie Xue, Leiming Tao, Zhixiang Luo, Xingcai Zheng
  • Patent number: 9484583
    Abstract: Embodiments of electrode assemblies and fuel cells having increased catalyst durability are provided. One embodiment of an electrode assembly for a fuel cell comprises a first catalyst layer adjacent an electrolyte membrane comprising first active catalyst particles supported on first support particles having a first support size and a second catalyst layer adjacent the first catalyst layer opposite the electrolyte membrane comprising second active catalyst particles supported on second support particles having a second support size. The first support particles are a non-carbon support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2016
    Assignee: Nissan North America, Inc.
    Inventors: Nilesh Dale, Ellazar Nianagar
  • Patent number: 9452970
    Abstract: A method is described for the catalytic hydrogenation of aromatic nitro compounds with hydrogen to the corresponding amines in the presence of a supported catalyst comprising platinum. The method is characterized in that the catalyst comprising platinum has been modified with a tungsten compound and with a phosphorus compound in an oxidation state of <5. High yields and high selectivities are possible with the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: ALLESSA GMBH
    Inventors: Doris Neumann, Joachim Ritzer
  • Patent number: 9433926
    Abstract: A platinum/carbon nanotube catalyst applicable to heterogeneous asymmetric hydrogenation, which is fabricated by supporting platinum on carbon nanotube carriers, and prepared by the steps of: heating purified carbon nanotubes in nitric acid, filtering and washing the same with water until pH value of the filtrate becomes neutral, drying the carbon nanotubes; immersing the carbon nanotube carriers obtained in an aqueous chloroplatinic acid solution and carrying out ultrasonic treatment at room temperature; immersing the mixture of the carbon nanotubes and the aqueous chloroplatinic acid solution under stirring; drying the material by heating to 110° C. from room temperature and maintaining this temperature; grinding the product to fine powders, reducing the fine powders with an aqueous sodium formate solution under a heating condition, filtering and washing the product with deionized water, and drying the product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Assignee: DALIAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
    Inventors: Can Li, Zhijian Chen
  • Patent number: 9421520
    Abstract: This invention provides a platinum/carbon nanotube catalyst applicable to heterogeneous asymmetric hydrogenation, which is fabricated by supporting platinum on carbon nanotube carriers. The catalyst is prepared by the steps of: heating purified carbon nanotubes in nitric acid, filtering and washing the same with water until pH value of the filtrate becomes neutral, drying the carbon nanotubes; immersing the carbon nanotube carriers obtained in an aqueous chloroplatinic acid solution and carrying out ultrasonic treatment at room temperature; immersing the mixture of the carbon nanotubes and the aqueous chloroplatinic acid solution under stirring; drying the material by heating to 110° C. from room temperature and maintaining this temperature; grinding the product to fine powders, reducing the fine powders with an aqueous sodium formate solution under a heating condition, filtering and washing the product with deionized water, and drying the product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2016
    Assignee: DALIAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
    Inventors: Can Li, Zhijian Chen
  • Patent number: 9416028
    Abstract: The invention relates to an adsorbent precipitated on a carrier and to a method for producing said adsorbent. The carrier comprises a polymer-based spherical activated charcoal. The adsorbent comprises an inorganic precipitate capable of adsorbing a metal cation or a mixture of metal cations from a liquid, preferably aqueous, medium. The adsorbent precipitated on a carrier is used to remove, for example, Cs+ from water containing Cs+, in particular from water contaminated with radiotoxic 137Cs+.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2016
    Assignee: BLÜCHER GMBH
    Inventors: Christian Schrage, Jann-Michael Giebelhausen, Sven Fichtner
  • Patent number: 9416319
    Abstract: A process for liquefying a cellulosic material to produce a liquefied product comprising contacting the cellulosic material with a hydrogenation catalyst a liquid medium; and a source of hydrogen. The hydrogenation catalyst comprises a hydrogenating metal or precursor thereof and a megaporous structure, wherein the megaporous structure comprises a porosity of at least 60% by volume and at least 30 volume % of the pore volume of the megaporous structure is present in megapores having a diameter of equal to or more than 1 micrometer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2016
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: Jean-Paul Lange
  • Patent number: 9413014
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a method and an apparatus for preparing nanosized metal or alloy nanoparticles by depositing metal or alloy nanoparticles with superior size uniformity on the surface of a powder as a base material by vacuum deposition and then dissolving or melting the base material using a solvent or heat. The method solves the problems of the existing expensive multi-step synthesis method based on chemical reduction and allows effective synthesis of metal or alloy nanoparticles with very uniform size and metal or alloy catalyst nanoparticles supported on carbon at low cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2016
    Assignees: KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, GL MATERIALS INC.
    Inventors: Sung Jong Yoo, Hee-young Park, Jong Hyun Jang, Hyoung-Juhn Kim, Tae-Hoon Lim, Sang Young Lee, Sang Hyun Ahn, Namgee Jung, Suk Woo Nam, Eun Ae Cho, Seok Keun Koh
  • Patent number: 9388091
    Abstract: A catalyst for methanation of carbon dioxide. The catalyst is formed by mixing ash from a biomass power plant with a nickel compound and calcining the resulting mixture. The catalyst formed by calcination includes between 2 and 20 wt. % of nickel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2016
    Assignee: WUHAN KAIDI ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Zhilong Wang, Yanfeng Zhang, Yilong Chen, Yongjie Xue, Leiming Tao, Zhixiang Luo, Xingcai Zheng
  • Patent number: 9381500
    Abstract: The present invention relates to catalysts, to processes for making catalysts and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid to ethanol. The catalyst comprises a precious metal and one or more active metals on a modified support. The modified support may comprise cobalt tungstate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2016
    Assignee: CELANESE INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Zhenhua Zhou, Victor J. Johnston, Dheeraj Kumar, Xiaoyan Tu, Heiko Weiner, Radmila Wollrab
  • Patent number: 9368801
    Abstract: The present application relates to a spherical, porous structure which is formed using a mold taking the form of a spherical nanoparticle aggregate, and relates to a production method therefor. According to one aspect of the present application, the production method for the spherical, porous structure comprises: the use of a mold taking the form of a spherical nanoparticle-carbon precursor aggregate comprising a carbon precursor on the surfaces of a plurality of nanoparticles, formed by removing solvent from droplets comprising the carbon precursor and the plurality of nanoparticles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: INDUSTRY-UNIVERSITY COOPERATION FOUNDATION SOGANG UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Jun Hyuk Moon, Chang-yeol Cho, Ji-hwan Kang, Woo Min Jin, Juhwan Shin
  • Patent number: 9365426
    Abstract: A process for producing a nanostructured carbon material including the steps of providing a metal or metalloid carbide substrate and reacting the carbide substrate with a reactive gas to form the nanostructured carbon material, the reactive gas and the carbide substrate being added during the reacting step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: SCNTE, LLC
    Inventors: Bill L. Riehl, Bonnie D. Riehl, Lee R. Riehl, Jim R. Riehl, Jay M. Johnson
  • Patent number: 9340423
    Abstract: A catalyst effective for the direct reaction of hydrogen and oxygen to form hydrogen peroxide includes particles of gold, palladium or, preferably, gold and palladium deposited upon an acid-washed support. High selectivity to and production of hydrogen peroxide is observed, with low hydrogen peroxide decomposition. The catalysts have extended lifespan.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: University College Cardiff Consultants Limited
    Inventors: Albert Frederick Carley, Jennifer Kelly Edwards, Graham John Hutchings, Benjamin Eduardo Solsona Espriu
  • Patent number: 9333489
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a confined cell structure with the entires guarded by nano-scale metal nano-particles to help confine subnano-sized metal nano-particles inside the cell. Also the present invention provides a method of forming said confined cell structure on mesoporous carbon materials using a simple impregnation process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2016
    Assignee: Atomic Energy Council—Institute of Nuclear Energy Research
    Inventors: Yi-Ren Tzeng, Cheng-Si Tsao
  • Patent number: 9309415
    Abstract: The present invention relates to electrodeposition primer compositions comprising catalytically active core/shell particles CS. The electrodeposition primer compositions can be used more particularly for cathodic dip coating for the coating of automobile bodies or parts thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2016
    Assignee: BASF Coatings GmbH
    Inventors: Hubert Baumgart, Rolf Schulte, Günther Ott, Winfried Kreis, Thomas Danner, Bernd Sachweh, Sonja Judat
  • Patent number: 9272334
    Abstract: Methods of synthesizing platinum-nickel-alloy nanoparticles and supported catalysts comprising the nanoparticles are provided. The methods may comprise forming a reaction mixture in a reaction vessel; heating the reaction mixture sealed in the reaction vessel to a reaction temperature; maintaining the temperature of the reaction vessel for a period of time; cooling the reaction vessel; and removing platinum-alloy nanoparticles from the reaction vessel. The reaction mixture may comprise a platinum precursor, a nickel precursor, a formamide reducing solvent, and optionally a cobalt precursor. In some embodiments the reaction temperature is at or below the boiling point of the formamide reducing solvent, such as from about 120° C. to about 150° C., for example. The platinum-alloy nanoparticles provide favorable electrocatalytic activity when supported on a catalyst support material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2016
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventor: Michael K. Carpenter
  • Patent number: 9248442
    Abstract: A porous carbon and a method of manufacturing the same are provided, which can inhibit metal particles from being oxidized and can keep the effect obtained by adding the metal particles for a long period of time by allowing the metal particles to disperse sufficiently. The method is characterized by comprising the steps of: mixing a polyamic acid resin varnish 1 as a carbon precursor, magnesium oxide 2 as template particles, and chloroplatinic acid 6 as a metal salt; heat-treating the mixture in a nitrogen atmosphere at 1000° C. for 1 hour to reduce the chloroplatinic acid into platinum and thermally decomposing the polyamic acid resin to prepare a carbon 3 containing the platinum particles 7; and washing the resulting carbon 3 with a sulfuric acid solution added at a concentration of 1 mol/L to completely dissolve MgO away.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Assignee: TOYO TANSO CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Takahiro Morishita, Yohko Nishi, Tomoyuki Ohkuni
  • Patent number: 9246177
    Abstract: Compositions and methods of preparing a bimetallic alloy having enhanced electrocatalytic properties are provided. The composition comprises a PtNi substrate having a surface layer, a near-surface layer, and an inner layer, where the surface layer comprises a nickel-depleted composition, such that the surface layer comprises a platinum skin having at least one atomic layer of platinum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2016
    Assignee: UChicago Argonne, LLC
    Inventors: Vojislav R. Stamenkovic, Chao Wang, Nenad M. Markovic
  • Patent number: 9205410
    Abstract: Methods of forming monodispersed core-shell nanoparticles are provided. A cobalt(II)-ligand component, a metal(II)-ligand component, an organic reducing agent, and a capping agent can be added to an organic solvent to form a reaction mixture. The reaction mixture is then heated to a dissolving temperature while under a gas (e.g., including methane) such that the reaction mixture becomes a reaction solution while stirring at the dissolving temperature. The reaction solution is then be heated to a reaction temperature (e.g., about 200° C. or more) while under the gas to form the core-shell nanoparticles, and the core-shell nanoparticles can be collected from the reaction solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2015
    Assignee: University of South Carolina
    Inventors: Jochen A. Lauterbach, Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers, Cun Wen
  • Patent number: 9196917
    Abstract: A fuel cell membrane electrode assembly includes two electrodes and a proton exchange membrane sandwiched between the two electrodes. Each electrode includes a catalyst layer. The catalyst layer includes a number of tube carriers having electron conductibility, a number of catalyst particles uniformly adsorbed on inner wall of each of the plurality of tube carriers, and proton conductor filled in each of the plurality of tube carriers. The tube carriers jointly define a plurality of reaction gas passages for transferring reaction gas to surfaces of the plurality of catalyst particles. One end of each of the tube carriers is connected with the proton exchange membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Zhi-Xiang Liu, Cheng Wang, Zong-Qiang Mao
  • Patent number: 9136541
    Abstract: Provided is a process for producing a fuel cell electrode catalyst having high catalytic activity which uses a transition metal, e.g., titanium, which process comprises thermal treatment at relatively low temperature, i.e., not including thermal treatment at high temperature (calcining) step. The process for producing a fuel cell electrode catalyst comprises a step (1) of mixing at least a transition metal-containing compound, a nitrogen-containing organic compound and a solvent to provide a catalyst precursor solution; a step (2) of removing the solvent from the catalyst precursor solution; and a step (3) of thermally treating a solid residue obtained in the step (2) at a temperature of 500 to 1100° C. to provide an electrode catalyst; wherein the transition metal-containing compound is partly or wholly a compound comprising at least one transition metal element (M1) selected from the group 4 and 5 elements of the periodic table as a transition metal element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: SHOWA DENKO K.K.
    Inventors: Kunchan Lee, Ryoko Konta, Masaki Horikita, Chunfu Yu, Yasuaki Wakizaka, Kenichiro Ota, Ryuji Monden, Kazunori Ichioka, Takashi Sato, Takuya Imai
  • Patent number: 9082524
    Abstract: A metal oxide-carbon composite includes a carbon aerogel with an oxide overcoat. The metal oxide-carbon composite is made by providing a carbon aerogel, immersing the carbon aerogel in a metal oxide sol under a vacuum, raising the carbon aerogel with the metal oxide sol to atmospheric pressure, curing the carbon aerogel with the metal oxide sol at room temperature, and drying the carbon aerogel with the metal oxide sol to produce the metal oxide-carbon composite. The step of providing a carbon aerogel can provide an activated carbon aerogel or provide a carbon aerogel with carbon nanotubes that make the carbon aerogel mechanically robust.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignee: Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC
    Inventors: Marcus A. Worsley, Thomas Yong-Jin Han, Joshua D. Kuntz, Octavio Cervantes, Alexander E. Gash, Theodore F. Baumann, Joe H. Satcher, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9083051
    Abstract: Provided is a process for producing a fuel cell electrode catalyst having high catalytic activity which uses a transition metal, e.g., titanium, which process comprises thermal treatment at relatively low temperature, i.e., not including thermal treatment at high temperature (calcining) step. The process for producing a fuel cell electrode catalyst comprises a step (1) of mixing at least a transition metal-containing compound, a nitrogen-containing organic compound and a solvent to provide a catalyst precursor solution; a step (2) of removing the solvent from the catalyst precursor solution; and a step (3) of thermally treating a solid residue obtained in the step (2) at a temperature of 500 to 1100° C. to provide an electrode catalyst; wherein the transition metal-containing compound is partly or wholly a compound comprising at least one transition metal element (M1) selected from the group 4 and 5 elements of the periodic table as a transition metal element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignee: SHOWA DENKO K.K.
    Inventors: Kunchan Lee, Ryoko Konta, Masaki Horikita, Chunfu Yu, Yasuaki Wakizaka, Kenichiro Ota, Ryuji Monden, Kazunori Ichioka, Takashi Sato, Takuya Imai
  • Patent number: 9050583
    Abstract: Provided are a carbon catalyst for hydrogen production having an excellent catalytic activity, a production method therefor, and a method of producing hydrogen using the catalyst. The carbon catalyst for hydrogen production is a carbon catalyst, which is obtained by carbonizing a raw material including an organic substance and a transition metal, the catalyst being used for hydrogen production by thermal decomposition of a hydrocarbon compound and/or an oxygen-containing organic compound. Further, the carbon catalyst for hydrogen production may be obtained by loading an alkaline earth metal on a carbonized material produced by the carbonization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2015
    Assignees: NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPORATION GUNMA UNIVERSITY, NISSHINBO HOLDINGS INC.
    Inventors: Jun-ichi Ozaki, Rieko Kobayashi, Chihiro Fujii
  • Publication number: 20150147262
    Abstract: The present invention relates to metal catalyst particles for carbon nanotube synthesis, comprising carbon-containing regions on their surfaces.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 20, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventors: Suguru Noda, Zhongming Chen, Dong Young Kim, Shunsuke Ueda, Eisuke Haba