Of Palladium Patents (Class 502/333)
  • Patent number: 9757712
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst for the removal of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon from the exhaust gas of lean-operated internal combustion engines on a supporting body, which bears platinum and/or palladium on one or more refractory carrier materials and also contains cerium oxide and which, after reductive treatment at 250° C. and after CO adsorption, is characterized by certain peaks in Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (DRIFTS), and also relates to the use thereof for removing carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon from the exhaust gas of lean-operated internal combustion engines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2017
    Assignee: UMICORE AG & CO. KG
    Inventors: Ruediger Hoyer, Fei Wen, Elena Mueller
  • Patent number: 9687811
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a substrate containing passive NOx adsorption (PNA) materials for treatment of gases, and washcoats for use in preparing such a substrate. Also provided are methods of preparation of the PNA materials, as well as methods of preparation of the substrate containing the PNA materials. More specifically, the present disclosure relates to a coated substrate containing PNA materials for PNA systems, useful in the treatment of exhaust gases. Also disclosed are exhaust treatment systems, and vehicles, such as diesel or gasoline vehicles, particularly light-duty diesel or gasoline vehicles, using catalytic converters and exhaust treatment systems using the coated substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: SDCmaterials, Inc.
    Inventors: Maximilian A. Biberger, Bryant Kearl, Qinghua Yin, Xiwang Qi
  • Patent number: 9446395
    Abstract: A low-temperature catalyst is provided for reducing cold-start hydrocarbon emissions. The catalyst comprises a platinum group metal impregnated onto an oxygen storage material. The catalyst may be used alone or may be included in a hydrocarbon trap containing a hydrocarbon adsorption material therein. The catalyst/hydrocarbon trap is positioned in the exhaust system of a vehicle downstream from a close-coupled catalyst such that the exhaust temperature at the catalyst location does not exceed 850° C. during normal vehicle operation and when combined with a hydrocarbon adsorption material in a trap, the exhaust temperature does not exceed 700° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Lifeng Xu, Robert Walter McCabe, Jason Aaron Lupescu
  • Patent number: 9180310
    Abstract: Methods of forming a low-dose-rate (LDR) brachytherapy device include depositing a solution comprising a soluble form of a radioactive material on a substrate. A water-insoluble form of the radioactive material is formed on the substrate by chemical precipitation and/or thermal decomposition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Assignee: Civatech Oncology
    Inventors: Robert D. Black, David Wagner, Claudia Black
  • Patent number: 9120084
    Abstract: A heat-resistant protective layer having heat resistance than a catalyst layer and permeability which allows an exhaust gas to be supplied to the catalyst layer is formed on a surface of the catalyst layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Toshiaki Kimura, Hiroyuki Horimura, Takeshi Endo
  • Patent number: 9040449
    Abstract: Nanoparticle catalyst compositions and methods for preparation of same are described. The nanoparticle catalysts are platinum-free and are useful in effecting selective ring-opening reactions, for example in upgrading heavy oil. The catalyst may be of monometallic composition, or may comprise an alloyed or core-shell bimetallic composition. The nanoparticles are of controlled size and shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Governors of the University of Alberta
    Inventors: Natalia Semagina, Xing Yin, Jing Shen, Kavithaa Loganathan
  • Patent number: 9034286
    Abstract: An exhaust system for a compression ignition engine comprising an oxidation catalyst for treating carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbons (HCs) in exhaust gas from the compression ignition engine, wherein the oxidation catalyst comprises: a platinum group metal (PGM) component selected from the group consisting of a platinum (Pt) component, a palladium (Pd) component and a combination thereof; an alkaline earth metal component; a support material comprising a modified alumina incorporating a heteroatom component; and a substrate, wherein the platinum group metal (PGM) component, the alkaline earth metal component and the support material are disposed on the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: David Bergeal, Andrew Francis Chiffey, John Benjamin Goodwin, Daniel Hatcher, Francois Moreau, Agnes Raj, Raj Rao Rajaram, Paul Richard Phillips, Cathal Prendergast
  • Patent number: 9034269
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a diesel oxidation catalyst comprising a carrier substrate, and a first washcoat layer disposed on the substrate, the first washcoat layer comprising palladium supported on a support material comprising a metal oxide, gold supported on a support material comprising a metal oxide, and a ceria comprising compound, as well as a process for the preparation of such catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Marcus Hilgendorff, Alfred H. Punke, Torsten W. Müller-Stach, Gerd Grubert, Torsten Neubauer, Jeffrey B. Hoke
  • Patent number: 9029288
    Abstract: A catalyst can be manufactured using a method which can include preparing a first aqueous solution including zirconium, filling the pores of the porous alumina with the aqueous solution by a pore-filling method using the capillary phenomenon, forming a zirconia layer in the pores of the porous alumina, preparing a second aqueous solution including noble metals, filling the pores of the porous alumina with the second aqueous solution by a pore-filling method using the capillary phenomenon, and drying and baking the porous alumina to carry the noble metals in the pores of the porous alumina formed with a zirconia layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha F.C.C.
    Inventors: Ryou Suzuki, Shintaro Yagi, Yusuke Ogata, Sho Taniguchi
  • Patent number: 9029286
    Abstract: A method of making a metal oxide nanoparticle comprising contacting an aqueous solution of a metal salt with an oxidant. The method is safe, environmentally benign, and uses readily available precursors. The size of the nanoparticles, which can be as small as 1 nm or smaller, can be controlled by selecting appropriate conditions. The method is compatible with biologically derived scaffolds, such as virus particles chosen to bind a desired material. The resulting nanoparticles can be porous and provide advantageous properties as a catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Massachusettes Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Brian Neltner, Angela M. Belcher
  • Patent number: 9024090
    Abstract: A catalyst composition for converting ethanol to higher alcohols, such as butanol, is disclosed. The catalyst composition comprises at least one alkali metal, at least a second metal and a support. The second metal is selected from the group consisting of palladium, platinum, copper, nickel, and cobalt. The support is selected from the group consisting of Al2O3, ZrO2, MgO, TiO2, zeolite, ZnO, and a mixture thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Cheng Zhang, Kenneth Balliet, Victor J. Johnston
  • Patent number: 9018129
    Abstract: Disclosed is an exhaust gas purifying catalyst in which grain growth of a noble metal particle supported on a support is suppressed. Also disclosed is a production process for producing an exhaust gas purifying catalyst. The exhaust gas purifying catalyst comprises a crystalline metal oxide support and a noble metal particle supported on the support, wherein the noble metal particle is epitaxially grown on the support, and wherein the noble metal particle is dispersed and supported on the outer and inner surfaces of the support. The process for producing an exhaust gas purifying catalyst comprises masking, in a solution, at least a part of the surface of a crystalline metal oxide support by a masking agent, introducing the support into a noble metal-containing solution containing a noble metal, and drying and firing the support and the noble metal-containing solution to support the noble metal on the support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masao Watanabe, Oji Kuno, Nobusuke Kabashima, Keisuke Kishita, Noboru Otake, Hiromochi Tanaka
  • Publication number: 20150111727
    Abstract: The present invention is to provide a catalyst composition for exhaust gas purification, which is superior in purification performance for nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbons (HC) in exhaust gas to be discharged from an internal combustion engine of a gasoline vehicle or the like; and an catalyst for exhaust gas purification for automobiles. The present invention is a catalyst composition for exhaust gas purification for purifying nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and hydrocarbons in exhaust gas, which includes a catalyst composition wherein rhodium is supported, together with an ?-alumina particle, on a zirconia-type base material, characterized in that average particle size of the ?-alumina particle is 10 nm to 1 ?m, and also is smaller than average particle size of the zirconia (ZrO2)-type base material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 28, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: N.E. CHEMCAT CORPORATION
    Inventor: Ken Nagashima
  • Patent number: 9012352
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis which has excellent heat transfer capability. This catalyst contains (1) central core particle or particles made of a heat transfer material (HTM) selected from the group consisting of a metal, a metal oxide, a ceramic, and a mixture thereof; and (2) outer particle layer which surrounds the central core particles and is attached to the surfaces of the central core particles by a binder material layer. The outer particle layer has a support and catalyst particles in a powder form containing metal particles disposed on the support. The catalyst having such a dual particle structure shows excellent heat transfer capability and, thus, exhibits high selectivity to a target hydrocarbon. Therefore, the catalyst of the present invention is useful in a fixed-bed reactor for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis for producing hydrocarbons from synthetic gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology
    Inventors: Kyoung Su Ha, Joo Young Cheon, Yun Jo Lee, Seung-Chan Baek, Geun Jae Kwak, Seon Ju Park, Ki Won Jun
  • Patent number: 9012353
    Abstract: Disclosed are three-way catalysts that are able to simultaneously convert nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and hydrocarbons in exhaust gas emissions into less toxic compounds. Also disclosed are three-way catalyst formulations comprising palladium (Pd)-containing oxygen storage materials. In some embodiments, the three-way catalyst formulations of the invention do not contain rhodium. Further disclosed are improved methods for making Pd-containing oxygen storage materials. The relates to methods of making and using three-way catalyst formulations of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Clean Diesel Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen J. Golden, Randal Hatfield, Jason D. Pless, Johnny T. Ngo
  • Patent number: 9012348
    Abstract: A composition comprising a supported hydrogenation catalyst comprising palladium and an organophosphorous compound, the supported hydrogenation catalyst being capable of selectively hydrogenating highly unsaturated hydrocarbons to unsaturated hydrocarbons. A method of making a selective hydrogenation catalyst comprising contacting a support with a palladium-containing compound to form a palladium supported composition, contacting the palladium supported composition with an organophosphorus compound to form a catalyst precursor, and reducing the catalyst precursor to form the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Tin-Tack Peter Cheung, Zongxuan Hong
  • Patent number: 9011809
    Abstract: An ammonia oxidation catalyst being superior in heat resistance and capable of suppressing by-production of N2O or NOx. The ammonia oxidation catalyst is made by coating at least two catalyst layers having a catalyst layer (lower layer) including a catalyst supported a noble metal on an inorganic base material including any of a composite oxide (A) having at least titania and silica as main components, alumina, and a composite oxide (B) consisting of alumina and silica; and a catalyst layer (upper layer) including a composite oxide (C) consisting of at least silica, tungsten oxide, ceria and zirconia, at the surface of an integral structure-type substrate, wherein a composition of the composite oxide (C) is silica: 20% by weight or less, tungsten oxide: 1 to 50% by weight, ceria: 1 to 60% by weight, and zirconia: 30 to 90% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: N.E. Chemcat Corporation
    Inventors: Tomoaki Ito, Toshinori Okajima, Takashi Hihara, Makoto Nagata
  • Patent number: 9012350
    Abstract: The herein disclosed exhaust gas purification catalyst is an exhaust gas purification catalyst that is provided with a porous carrier 40 and palladium 50 supported on this porous carrier 40. The porous carrier 40 is provided with an alumina carrier 42 formed of alumina and with a CZ carrier 44 formed of a ceria-zirconia complex oxide. Barium is added to both the alumina carrier 42 and the CZ carrier 44. Here, an amount of barium added to the alumina carrier 42 is an amount that corresponds to 10 mass % to 15 mass % relative to a total mass of the alumina carrier 42 excluding the barium, and an amount of barium added to the CZ carrier 44 is an amount that corresponds to 5 mass % to 10 mass % relative to a total mass of the CZ carrier 44 excluding the barium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Yuki Aoki
  • Patent number: 8986637
    Abstract: An emission control catalyst composition comprising a supported bimetallic catalyst consisting of gold and a metal selected from the group consisting of platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, copper and nickel is disclosed. Also disclosed is a catalytic convertor comprising a substrate monolith coated with the emission control catalyst composition and a lean burn internal combustion engine exhaust gas emission treatment system comprising the catalytic convertor. A variety of processes for preparing the catalyst composition are claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Janet Mary Fisher, David Thompsett
  • Patent number: 8969231
    Abstract: A method of producing an alumina-supported cobalt catalyst for use in a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reaction, which comprises: calcining an initial ?-alumina support material at a temperature to produce a modified alumina support material; impregnating the modified alumina support material with a source of cobalt; calcining the impregnated support material, activating the catalyst with a reducing gas, steam treating the activated catalyst, and activating the steam treated catalyst with a reducing gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: GTL.FI AG
    Inventors: Erling Rytter, Sigrid Eri, Rune Myrstad, Odd Asbjørn Lindvåg
  • Patent number: 8968690
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a layered three-way catalytic system being separated in a front and a rear portion having the capability of simultaneously catalyzing the oxidation of hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide and the reduction of nitrogen oxides. Provided is a catalyst composite comprising a single front catalytic layer and two rear catalytic layers in conjunction with a substrate, where the single font layer and the rear bottom layer comprise a Pd component, the rear top layer comprises a Rh component, and the rear bottom layer is substantially free of an oxygen storage component (OSC).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Umicore AG & Co. KG
    Inventors: John G. Nunan, Raoul Klingmann, Ryan J. Andersen, Davion Onuga Clark, David Henry Moser
  • Patent number: 8962897
    Abstract: In one embodiment, the invention is to a catalyst composition for converting ethanol to higher alcohols, such as butanol. The catalyst composition comprises one or more metals and one or more supports. The one or more metals selected from the group consisting of cobalt, nickel, palladium, platinum, zinc, iron, tin and copper. The one or more supports are selected from the group consisting of Al2O3, ZrO2, MgO, TiO2, zeolite, ZnO, and mixtures thereof, wherein the catalyst is substantially free of alkali metals and alkaline earth metals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Cheng Zhang, Kenneth Balliet, Victor J. Johnston
  • Patent number: 8961817
    Abstract: A getter device containing a combination of getter materials is described. The device has a mixture of cerium oxide, copper oxide and metallic palladium for the removal of hydrogen and carbon monoxide in vacuum applications, particularly suitable to be used in vacuum insulation applications. This combination of getter materials is preferably added to powders of other getter materials such as alkali metals hydroxides and desiccant materials that are effective for maintaining the vacuum in thermal insulation systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: SAES Getters S.p.A.
    Inventors: Luca Toia, Marco Visconti
  • Publication number: 20150033715
    Abstract: An oxidation catalyst is described for treating an exhaust gas from a diesel engine, which oxidation catalyst comprises: a substrate; a first washcoat region disposed on the substrate, wherein the first washcoat region comprises a first platinum group metal (PGM) and a first support material; a second washcoat region adjacent to the first washcoat region, wherein the second washcoat region comprises a second platinum group metal (PGM) and a second support material; a third washcoat region disposed on the substrate, wherein the third washcoat region comprises a third platinum group metal (PGM) and a third support material; and wherein either: (i) the third washcoat region is adjacent to the second washcoat region; or (ii) the second washcoat region is disposed or supported on the third washcoat region. Also described are uses and methods involving the oxidation catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventors: PENELOPE MARKATOU, YARITZA M. LOPEZ-DE JESUS, WASSIM KLINK, KIERAN JOHN COLE, COLIN RUSSELL NEWMAN, ROBERT HANLEY, YOSHIHITO HASHIMOTO, MASAHITO SHIBATA
  • Patent number: 8945497
    Abstract: The invention concerns a process for the oxidation of organic compounds contained in a gas stream and comprises the step of introducing the gas stream containing the organic compounds together with sufficient oxygen to effect the desired amount of oxidation into an oxidation reactor containing an oxidation catalyst and maintaining the temperature of said gas stream at a temperature sufficient to effect oxidation, characterised in that the oxidation catalyst contains at least 0.01% by weight of ruthenium, cobalt or manganese.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey PLC
    Inventors: Gareth Headdock, Kenneth George Griffin, Peter Johnston, Martin John Hayes
  • Publication number: 20150031835
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for selectively hydrogenating a copolymer, including contacting a heterogeneous catalyst with a copolymer to process hydrogenation The copolymer includes aromatic rings and double bonds, and the double bonds are hydrogenated, and the aromatic rings are substantially not hydrogenated. The heterogeneous catalyst includes a metal catalyst such as platinum, palladium, platinum -iridium alloy, or platinum-rhenium alloy formed on a porous support. The hydrogenation is processed at a temperature of 40° C. to 150° C. under a hydrogen pressure of 10 kg/cm2 to 50 kg/cm2.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Man-Yin LO, Ying-Chieh CHEN
  • Patent number: 8940659
    Abstract: Disclosed is a gas purifying catalyst for an internal combustion engine comprising: a carrier and a catalyst layer formed on the carrier, the catalyst layer including a first catalyst, a second catalyst and a third catalyst. The first catalyst comprises Pd supported in a first support, the first support comprising alumina. The second catalyst comprises Rh supported in a second support, the second support comprising a complex oxide of ceria-zirconia. The third catalyst comprising Pd supported in a third support, the third support comprising a complex oxide of ceria-zirconia.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Cheol Beom Lim, Yoon Sang Nam, Jin Woo Choung, Youngil Song
  • Patent number: 8937203
    Abstract: The present invention relates to catalysts, to processes for making catalysts and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The multifunctional catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid and ethyl acetate to ethanol. The catalyst is effective for providing an acetic acid conversion greater than 20% and an ethyl acetate conversion greater than 0%. The catalyst comprises a precious metal and one or more active metals on a modified support. The modified support includes a metal selected from the group consisting of tungsten, vanadium, and tantalum, provided that the modified support does not contain phosphorous.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Zhenhua Zhou, Heiko Weiner, Radmila Wollrab
  • Patent number: 8932546
    Abstract: A catalytically active particulate filter is proposed which is suitable for use in an exhaust gas cleaning system for diesel engines. The particulate filter removes diesel soot particles from the exhaust gas and is also effective to oxidize carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons and to convert nitrogen monoxide at least proportionally into nitrogen dioxide. The particulate filter comprises a filter body (3) and two catalytically active coatings (1) and (2) which contain platinum and palladium, or platinum or palladium respectively, wherein the platinum content of the second catalytically active coating (2) is higher than the platinum content of the first catalytically active coating (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Umicore AG & Co. KG
    Inventors: Stephanie Frantz, Ulrich Goebel, Franz Dornhaus, Michael Schiffer
  • Patent number: 8927454
    Abstract: An exhaust gas-purifying catalyst includes a support provided with one or more through-holes through which exhaust gas flows, and a catalytic layer supported by the support and containing an oxygen storage material. The exhaust gas-purifying catalyst includes a first section to which the exhaust gas is supplied, and a second section to which the exhaust gas having passed through the first section is supplied. The catalytic layer includes a layered structure of a first catalytic layer containing platinum and/or palladium and a second catalytic layer containing rhodium in the first catalytic section and further includes a third layer containing rhodium in the second section. The second section is smaller in oxygen storage material content per unit volumetric capacity than the first section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Cataler Corporation
    Inventors: Minoru Itou, Michihiko Takeuchi, Tetsuya Shinozaki, Takaaki Kanazawa, Masaya Kamada, Tadashi Suzuki, Satoru Katoh, Naoki Takahashi
  • Patent number: 8921258
    Abstract: Disclosed is a catalyst which can convert ammonia contained in exhaust gas from an engine of a vehicle equipped with a Urea-SCR (Urea-Selective Catalytic Reduction) system, to nitrogen, and a method for preparating the same. The catalyst can convert ammonia which is failed to participate in a conversion reaction of NOx to N2 and slipped out of the SCR catalyst, to nitrogen via a SCO (Selective Catalytic Oxidation) reaction, before the ammonia is released to the air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: SK Innovation Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Seong Ho Lee, Woo Jin Lee, Young Eun Cheon, Seung Hoon Oh, Sung Hwan Kim, Hong Seok Jung, Yong Woo Kim, Gi Ho Goh
  • Patent number: 8920759
    Abstract: One embodiment includes an oxidation catalyst assembly formed by applying a washcoat of platinum and a NOx storage material to a portion of a substrate material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Jong H. Lee, David B. Brown, Michael J. Paratore, Jr., Yongsheng He
  • Patent number: 8912110
    Abstract: One embodiment is a catalyst for catalytic reforming of naphtha. The catalyst can have a noble metal including one or more of platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, osmium, and iridium, an alkali or alkaline-earth metal, a lanthanide-series metal, and a support. Generally, an average bulk density of the catalyst is about 0.300 to about 1.00 gram per cubic centimeter. The catalyst has a platinum content of less than about 0.375 wt %, a tin content of about 0.1 to about 2 wt %, a potassium content of about 100 to about 600 wppm, and a cerium content of about 0.1 to about 1 wt %. The lanthanide-series metal can be distributed at a concentration of the lanthanide-series metal in a 100 micron surface layer of the catalyst less than two times a concentration of the lanthanide-series metal at a central core of the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Manuela Serban, Mark P. Lapinski
  • Publication number: 20140364303
    Abstract: Stabilized palladium (+1) compounds to mimic rhodium's electronic configuration and catalytic properties are disclosed. Palladium (+1) compounds may be stabilized in perovskite or delafossite structures and may be employed in Three-Way Catalysts (TWC) for at least the conversion of HC, CO and NOx, in exhaust gases. The TWC may include a substrate, a wash-coat and, a first impregnation layer, a second impregnation layer and an over-coat. The second impregnation layer and the over-coat may include palladium (+1) based compounds as catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2013
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Applicant: CDTI
    Inventor: Randal L. Hatfield
  • Patent number: 8906330
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst composition comprising a carrier substrate, a layer (i) coated on said carrier substrate comprising at least one precious group metal, a layer (ii) comprising Rh, and a layer (iii) comprising Pd and/or Pt and being substantially free of Ce, Ba and Rh, wherein the layer (iii) has a lower weight than the layer (i) or the layer (ii). Furthermore, the present invention relates to a method for treating an exhaust gas stream using said catalyst composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Marcus Hilgendorff, Wen Mei Xue, Cesar Tolentino
  • Publication number: 20140357480
    Abstract: An exhaust gas purification catalyst is provided with a substrate and a catalyst coating layer formed on the surface of the substrate. The catalyst coating layer is formed into a layered structure having upper and lower layers, with a lower layer being closer to the surface of the substrate and an upper layer being relatively farther therefrom. The catalyst coating layer is provided with Rh and Pd as precious metal catalysts and is provided with an OSC material having an oxygen storage capacity as a support. The Rh is disposed in the upper layer of the catalyst coating layer, and the Pd is disposed in both the upper layer and the lower layer of the catalyst coating layer. At least a portion of the Pd in the upper layer and in the lower layer is supported on the OSC material. The mass ratio of the Pd disposed in the upper layer to the Pd disposed in the lower layer is not more than 0.4.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 26, 2012
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicant: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventor: Yuki Aoki
  • Patent number: 8895737
    Abstract: This disclosure is directed to: (a) processes for preparing a compound and salts thereof that, inter alia, are useful for inhibiting hepatitis C virus (HCV); (b) intermediates useful for the preparation of the compound and salts; (c) pharmaceutical compositions comprising the compound or salts; and (d) methods of use of such compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Inventors: Shashank Shekhar, Thaddeus S. Franczyk, David M. Barnes, Travis B. Dunn, Anthony R. Haight, Vincent S. Chan
  • Patent number: 8889078
    Abstract: A porous oxide catalyst includes porous oxide, and an oxygen vacancy-inducing metal which induces an oxygen vacancy in a lattice structure of a porous metal oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sang-min Ji, Hyun-chul Lee, Doo-hwan Lee, Seon-ah Jin
  • Patent number: 8883100
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a particle filter comprising a porous carrier body, an SCR active component and an oxidation catalyst, wherein the SCR active component is present as coating on the exhaust-gas entry surface and the inner surface of the porous carrier body and the oxidation catalyst as coating on the exhaust-gas exit surface of the porous carrier body. According to the invention the oxidation catalyst changes its function depending on operating conditions. In normal operation it serves as NH3 slip catalyst for oxidizing excess NH3 and during filter regeneration it operates according to the 3-way principle for converting NOx and CO. The invention also relates to a method for producing the particle filter, the use of the particle filter for treating exhaust gases from the combustion of fossil, synthetic or biofuels as well as an exhaust-gas cleaning system which contains the particle filter according to the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Sued-Chemie IP GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Martin Paulus, Klaus Wanninger
  • Patent number: 8871669
    Abstract: A catalyst composition is provided comprising a homogeneous solid mixture having ordered directionally aligned tubular meso-channel pores having an average diameter in a range of about 1 nanometer to about 15 nanometers, wherein the homogeneous solid mixture is prepared from a gel formed in the presence of a solvent, modifier, an inorganic salt precursor of a catalytic metal, an inorganic precursor of a metal inorganic network, and a templating agent. The templating agent comprises an octylphenol ethoxylate having a structure [I]: wherein “n” is an integer having a value of about 8 to 20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Larry Neil Lewis, Oltea Puica Siclovan, Dan Hancu, Ashish Balkrishna Mhadeshwar, Ming Yin
  • Patent number: 8865615
    Abstract: Ammonia oxidation catalyst being superior in heat resistance and capable of suppressing by-production of N2O and leakage of ammonia. The ammonia oxidation catalyst (AMOX) removes surplus ammonia, in selectively reducing nitrogen oxides by adding urea or ammonia and using a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalyst, into exhaust gas, wherein the ammonia oxidation catalyst is made by coating at least two catalyst layers having a catalyst layer (lower layer) including a catalyst supported a noble metal element on a composite oxide (A) having titania and silica as main components, and a catalyst layer (upper layer) including a composite oxide (C) consisting of tungsten oxide, ceria, and zirconia, at the surface of an integral structure-type substrate, wherein a composition of the composite oxide (C) is tungsten oxide: 1 to 50% by weight, ceria: 1 to 60% by weight, and zirconia: 30 to 90% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: N.E. Chemcat Corporation
    Inventors: Tomoaki Ito, Toshinori Okajima, Makoto Nagata
  • Publication number: 20140309457
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst comprising a ceramic support with a BET surface area of less than 40 m2/g and (a) 1.0 to 100 g of at least one metal of groups 8 to 12 of the periodic table of the elements, (b) 1.0 g to 100 g of at least one metal of groups 4 to 6 and 12 of the periodic table of the elements and (c) 1.0 g to 100 g of at least one metal of groups 14 and 15 of the periodic table of the elements per litre of bulk volume of the ceramic support, wherein the catalyst is additionally doped with (d) potassium in a content of from 0.0050% by weight to 0.20% by weight, based on the total weight of the catalyst. The present invention also provides the use of such a catalyst in the catalytic gas phase hydrogenation of nitroaromatics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 29, 2012
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicant: BAYER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY GMBH
    Inventors: Michael Merkel, Karl-Heinz Wilke, Peter Lehner
  • Patent number: 8858904
    Abstract: Described is a catalyzed soot filter wherein the inlet coating of the filter comprises an oxidation catalyst comprising platinum (Pt) and optionally palladium (Pd), wherein the outlet coating of the filter comprises an oxidation catalyst comprising Pd and optionally Pt, wherein the Pt concentration in the outlet coating is lower than the Pt concentration in the inlet coating and wherein the weight ratio of Pt:Pd in the outlet coating is in the range of from 0:1 to 2:1; and wherein the inlet coating and the outlet coating are present on the wall flow substrate at a coating loading ratio in the range of from 0.5 to 1.5, calculated as ratio of the loading of the inlet coating (in g/inch3 (g/(2.54 cm)3)):loading of the outlet coating (in g/inch3 (g/(2.54 cm)3)). Systems include such catalyzed soot filters, methods of diesel engine exhaust gas treatment and methods of manufacturing catalyzed soot filters are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Alfred Helmut Punke, Gerd Grubert, Yuejin Li, Ruediger Wolff, Stanley Roth, Torsten Müller-Stach, Attilio Siani, Kenneth Voss, Torsten Neubauer
  • Patent number: 8859458
    Abstract: Provided are a method of preparing an electrocatalyst for fuel cells in a core-shell structure, an electrocatalyst for fuel cells having a core-shell structure, and a fuel cell including the electrocatalyst for fuel cells. The method may be useful in forming a core and a shell layer without performing a subsequent process such as chemical treatment or heat treatment and forming a core support in which core particles having a nanosize diameter are homogeneously supported, followed by selectively forming shell layers on surfaces of the core particles in the support. Also, the electrocatalyst for fuel cells has a high catalyst-supporting amount and excellent catalyst activity and electrochemical property.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Seung Jun Hwang, Sung Jong Yoo, Soo Kil Kim, Eun Ae Cho, Jong Hyun Jang, Hyoung Juhn Kim, Suk Woo Nam, Tae Hoon Lim
  • Patent number: 8852519
    Abstract: Disclosed is an exhaust gas purifying catalyst in which grain growth of a noble metal particle supported on a support is suppressed. Also, disclosed is a production process of an exhaust gas purifying catalyst, by which the above exhaust gas purifying catalyst can be produced. The exhaust gas purifying catalyst comprises a crystalline metal oxide support and a noble metal particle supported on the support, wherein the noble metal particle is epitaxially grown on the support, and wherein the noble metal particle is dispersed and supported on the outer and inner surfaces of the support. The process for producing an exhaust gas purifying catalyst comprises masking, in a solution, at least a part of the surface of a crystalline metal oxide support by a masking agent, introducing the support into a noble metal-containing solution containing a noble metal, and drying and firing the support and the noble metal-containing solution to support the noble metal on the support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masao Watanabe, Oji Kuno, Nobusuke Kabashima, Keisuke Kishita, Noboru Otake, Hiromochi Tanaka
  • Patent number: 8853120
    Abstract: An exhaust gas purification catalyst has a substrate, a lower catalyst layer that is formed on the substrate and contains at least one of Pd and Pt, and an upper catalyst layer that is formed on the lower catalyst layer and contains Rh. A region that does not contain the upper catalyst layer is disposed on the exhaust gas upstream side of this exhaust gas purification catalyst. The lower catalyst layer includes a front-stage lower catalyst layer on the exhaust gas upstream side and a rear-stage lower catalyst layer on the exhaust gas downstream side. The front-stage lower catalyst layer contains an oxygen storage material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yuki Aoki, Takeshi Nobukawa
  • Patent number: 8853123
    Abstract: Disclosed is a lean NOx trap (LNT) catalyst with enhanced NOx storage capacity at low temperature. More particularly, an LNT catalyst with enhanced NOx storage capacity at low temperature and significantly inhibited thermal desorption is prepared by coating a washcoat on a honeycomb-type carrier and drying and baking the same. The washcoat contains a first catalyst powder in which barium (Ba) and a precious metal are supported on a ceria support, and a second catalyst powder in which a precious metal is supported on a magnesium (Mg)-substituted alumina support The LNT catalyst of the present invention is useful as a NOx reducing catalyst for a passenger diesel vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventor: Chang Ho Jung
  • Patent number: 8833064
    Abstract: Catalyst articles comprising substantially only a palladium precious metal component in a first catalytic layer and a rhodium component in a second catalytic layer and related methods of preparation and use are disclosed. Also disclosed is a catalyst article comprising a first layer formed on a carrier substrate, wherein the first layer comprises a refractory metal oxide and has a surface that is substantially uniform; a second layer formed on the first layer, wherein the second layer comprises i) an oxygen storage component that is about 50-90% by weight of the second layer and ii) a palladium component in an amount of about 2-5% by weight of the second layer, wherein the palladium component is substantially the only platinum group metal component, and a palladium-free third layer comprising a rhodium component supported on a thermostable oxygen storage component which is about 80-99% by weight of the second layer. One or more improved properties are exhibited by the catalyst article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Michael P. Galligan, Pascaline H. Tran, Keshavaraja Alive, Ye Liu
  • Patent number: 8828900
    Abstract: The exhaust gas purification catalyst according to the present invention has a substrate 54, a lower layer 57 disposed on this substrate 54, and an upper layer 58 disposed on this lower layer 57. The upper layer 58 is provided with a first catalyst and a second catalyst, and the lower layer 57 is provided with a first catalyst. This first catalyst has Al2O3 as a carrier and Pt and Pd as noble metals supported on the Al2O3, while the second catalyst typically has an Al2O3—ZrO2—TiO2 complex oxide as a carrier and has Pd as a noble metal supported on the Al2O3—ZrO2—TiO2 complex oxide. Moreover, the upper layer 58 has a hydrocarbon adsorbent 68.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Nobuyuki Takagi, Yuichi Sobue, Hanae Ikeda, Masaya Kamada, Ryoichi Inde
  • Patent number: 8828343
    Abstract: Catalyst articles comprising palladium and related methods of preparation and use are disclosed. Disclosed is a catalyst article comprising a first catalytic layer formed on a substrate, wherein the first catalytic layer comprises palladium impregnated on a ceria-free oxygen storage component and platinum impregnated on a refractory metal oxide, and a second catalytic layer formed on the first catalytic layer comprising platinum and rhodium impregnated on a ceria-containing oxygen storage component. The palladium component of the catalyst article is present in a higher proportion relative to the other platinum group metal components. The catalyst articles provide improved conversion of carbon monoxide in exhaust gases, particularly under rich engine operating conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Xinsheng Liu, Ye Liu, Pascaline Harrison Tran, Keshavaraja Alive, Michael P. Galligan