Carbohydrate Is Polysaccharide Patents (Class 507/211)
  • Patent number: 10513654
    Abstract: A method for making proppant particles is provided. The method can include providing a slurry of ceramic raw material, the slurry containing a reactant including a polycarboxylic acid, and flowing the slurry through a nozzle in a gas while vibrating the slurry to form droplets. The method can also include receiving the droplets in a vessel containing a liquid having an upper surface in direct contact with the gas, the liquid containing a coagulation agent. The method can further include reacting the reactant with the coagulation agent to cause coagulation of the reactant in the droplets. The droplets can then be transferred from the liquid and dried to form green pellets. The method can include sintering the green pellets in a selected temperature range to form the proppant particles. In one or more exemplary embodiments, the reactant can be or include a PMA:PAA copolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2019
    Assignee: CARBO CERAMICS INC.
    Inventors: Benjamin T. Eldred, Brett A. Wilson, Clayton F. Gardinier, Robert Duenckel, Todd Roper
  • Patent number: 10411298
    Abstract: A polyelectrolyte composition is represented by the following formula (1). In the formula (1), R1 is hydrogen or CH3, R2 is any of C2H4, CH(CH3)CH2, and (CH2)3, m and n are each a copolymerization ratio of a structural unit in parentheses, and when m and n are set as follows: m+n=10, m and n satisfy the following formulae: 1?m?5 and 5?n?9, and p is 2 or more and 8 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hitoshi Yamamoto, Tomofumi Yokoyama
  • Patent number: 10259994
    Abstract: Treatment fluids (e.g., fracturing fluids) comprising ionic water, and associated methods of use are provided. In one embodiment, the methods comprise providing a treatment fluid comprising an aqueous base fluid comprising one or more ionic species, a polymeric viscosifying agent carrying a first ionic charge, and an ionic surfactant carrying a second ionic charge that is the opposite of the first ionic charge; and introducing the treatment fluid into a well bore penetrating at least a portion of a subterranean formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Bradley J. Sparks, Loan K. Vo, James William Ogle
  • Patent number: 10214681
    Abstract: A method of treating a subterranean formation including combining an aqueous fluid, a biomaterial, an enzyme, and a deactivator to form a treatment fluid; and introducing the treatment fluid into the subterranean formation. A method is also disclosed for treating a subterranean formation by preparing a treatment fluid containing an aqueous fluid that contains bacterial and/or fungal cells that produce an enzyme that degrades the biomaterial, a biomaterial, and a deactivator; controlling degradation of the biomaterial by adding an effective amount of the deactivator to the aqueous fluid prior to the preparation of the treatment fluid; and introducing the treatment fluid into the subterranean formation. In the methods, the enzyme degrades the biomaterial and the deactivator is an oxygen-containing arene capable of inhibiting the enzyme from degrading the biomaterial.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Assignee: SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Wingki Lee, Sergey Makarychev-Mikhailov, Richard Donald Hutchins, Camille Meza
  • Patent number: 10214680
    Abstract: Polyelectrolyte nanoparticles are generated to stabilize foam for use in enhanced oil recovery. Stability is further enhanced by optimizing pH and a ratio of polycationic and polyanioinic materials, resulting in stronger and longer lasting foams in the presence of crude oil. Use of these nanoparticles results in negligible damage to formation permeability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Assignee: The University of Kansas
    Inventor: Reza Barati Ghahfarokhi
  • Patent number: 10144861
    Abstract: Described is a method including emplacing a breaker fluid into a wellbore drilled with an oil-based drilling fluid that forms an oil-based filter cake. The breaker fluid includes a non-oleaginous base fluid and a surfactant blend comprising an alkyl polyglycoside, an ethoxylated alcohol, and a triethyleneglycol monobutyl ether. The method further includes allowing the breaker fluid to break the oil-based filter cake.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: M-I L.L.C.
    Inventor: Shaohua Lu
  • Patent number: 10077398
    Abstract: A method for making proppant particles is provided. The method can include providing a slurry of ceramic raw material, the slurry containing a reactant including a polycarboxylic acid, and flowing the slurry through a nozzle in a gas while vibrating the slurry to form droplets. The method can also include receiving the droplets in a vessel containing a liquid having an upper surface in direct contact with the gas, the liquid containing a coagulation agent. The method can further include reacting the reactant with the coagulation agent to cause coagulation of the reactant in the droplets. The droplets can then be transferred from the liquid and dried to form green pellets. The method can include sintering the green pellets in a selected temperature range to form the proppant particles. In one or more exemplary embodiments, the reactant can be or include a PMA:PAA copolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2018
    Assignee: CARBO Ceramics Inc.
    Inventors: Benjamin T. Eldred, Brett A. Wilson, Clayton F. Gardinier, Robert Duenckel, Todd Roper
  • Patent number: 10023782
    Abstract: A salt-tolerant, thermally-stable rheology modifier and, in particular, a rheology modifier for applications in oilfield well-bore fluids. In accordance with one aspect, the rheology modifier comprises a terpolymer of acrylamide, 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-propanesulfonic acid (AMPS) and a long-chain alkyl acrylate wherein the terpolymer is prepared by dispersion polymerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: ISP INVESTMENTS LLC
    Inventors: Janice Jianzhao Wang, Jun Zheng, David Farrar, Osama M. Musa
  • Patent number: 9802839
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a method of producing a polyaniline zirconia nanocomposite, and the uses of the thus produced polyaniline zirconia nanocomposite for the treatment of wastewater. The polyaniline zirconia nanocomposite is characterized in having a particle size of about 0.3 to 50 ?m in diameter, an isoelectric point at about pH 6.2, and is capable of reducing at least 99% of the pathological microorganism and at least 60% of the phosphate in the wastewater after coming into contact with wastewater for 24 hrs and 12 hrs, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: Chung Yuan Christian University
    Inventors: Ya-Fen Wang, Cheng-Hsien Tsai, Chih-Sheng Tsai
  • Patent number: 9574418
    Abstract: A downhole tool member for hydrocarbon resource recovery, comprising a shaped body of a polyglycolic acid resin blended with an inorganic or organic short fiber reinforcement material, and having thickness reduction rate characteristics when held in water at 120° C., inclusive of: an initial thickness reduction rate (as an average for a holding period for 4 hours) which is at most 0.8 times that of a shaped body of the polyglycolic acid resin alone, and has a terminal thickness reduction rate (after the thickness decreases to 50% or less of an initial thickness) which is larger than 1.5 times the initial thickness reduction rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: KUREHA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masayuki Okura, Hikaru Saijo, Katsumi Yoshida, Hiroyuki Sato
  • Patent number: 9303203
    Abstract: A thermoviscoelastic system (TVE) fluid useful in a well treatment method can include a hydrophobically-modified polymer and a viscoelastic surfactant (VES) in an aqueous medium, wherein the polymer has a lower critical solution temperature (LCST). The polymer can have water solubility for preparation below the LCST, and the TVE has a low viscosity for pumping down a well bore in communication with a subterranean formation. When the TVE is heated above the LCST, interaction between the hydrophobic groups of the polymer and the VES form a cross-linked network to increase the viscosity to transport proppant into a fracture. The thickened TVE can have a low leak-off rate, optionally including colloidal particles or other fluid loss control agent, and can be broken by contact with hydrocarbons as during flowback from the reservoir.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Bruno Drochon, Isabelle Couillet
  • Patent number: 9284483
    Abstract: A method and composition for treating a subterranean formation penetrated by a wellbore including preparing an aqueous composition containing a source of boron, whereby boron is present in the slurry in an amount of about 1.7% or greater, by weight, based upon a total weight of the composition, combining the composition with a mixture comprising a viscosifier and aqueous medium to form a treatment fluid, wherein the composition is added to the mixture in an amount of about 0.5% or less, by volume, based upon a total volume of the treatment fluid, and contacting the formation with the treatment fluid to treat the formation. The source of boron may be boric acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Michael D. Parris
  • Patent number: 9217103
    Abstract: A well servicing fluid is formulated with ingredients comprising a viscosifying polymer that is a crosslinked copolymer of an ethylenically unsaturated dicarboxylic anhydride and an alkyl vinyl ether, or the di-acid thereof; a pH adjuster capable of maintaining a pH of 5.5 or greater; and a solvent. Methods include treating a well formation with the wellbore servicing fluid and methods also include making the wellbore servicing fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2015
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: D. V. Satyanarayana Gupta, Kay Elaine Cawiezel, Rupa Venugopal, Tanhee Ary Galindo
  • Patent number: 9194223
    Abstract: Subterranean formations, such as tight gas formations, may be subjected to hydraulic fracturing by introducing into the formation a fracturing fluid of an aqueous fluid, a hydratable polymer, a crosslinking agent and proppant. The fluid enters the reservoir through an entrance site. The apparent viscosity of the fluid decreases distally from the entrance site such that at in situ conditions: (a) the apparent viscosity of the fracturing fluid 100 feet from the entrance site is less than 10 percent of the apparent viscosity of the fracturing fluid at the entrance site; (b) the apparent viscosity of the fracturing fluid 15 minutes after introduction into the entrance site is less than 15% of the apparent viscosity of the fracturing fluid at the entrance site; and/or (c) the apparent viscosity of the fracturing fluid is less than 10 cP within 15 minutes after being introduced through the entrance site.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Charles Elmer Bell, Harold Dean Brannon
  • Patent number: 9181469
    Abstract: Treating fluid compositions for use in hydrocarbon recovery operations from subterranean formations are described, as well as methods for their preparation and use. In particular, treating fluid compositions are described which comprise a liquid, a crosslinkable organic polymer material that is at least partially soluble in the liquid, a crosslinking agent that is capable of increasing the viscosity of the treating fluid by crosslinking the organic polymer material in the liquid, and a crosslinking modifier additive which can delay or accelerate the crosslinking of the treating fluid composition. Such compositions may be used in a variety of hydrocarbon recovery operations including fracturing operations, drilling operations, gravel packing operations, water control operations, and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Assignee: TUCC Technology, LLC
    Inventors: James W. Dobson, Jr., Shauna L. Hayden, Kimberly A. Pierce
  • Patent number: 9169433
    Abstract: Methods of treating a subterranean formation with a treatment fluid comprising a swellable organic polymer coated onto proppant particulates. The swellable organic polymer is water-swellable, having a swelled configuration when contacted with water and an unswelled configuration in the absence of water contact. The treatment fluid may be introduced into the subterranean formation, where the swellable organic polymer adopts the swelled configuration and is placed in a fracture. During hydrocarbon production, the swellable organic polymer adopts the unswelled configuration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2015
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Philip D. Nguyen, Jimmie D. Weaver
  • Patent number: 9062243
    Abstract: A persulfate compound activated by a strong base is used for low-temperature breaking of fluids viscosified with a multi-chain polysaccharide. The breaker system can be used in an oilfield or pipeline application where a multi-chain polysaccharide may be used in a fluid. It is particularly useful at low temperatures of less than 100° F. Optionally, the water can be a brine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2015
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Lalit P. Salgaonkar, Achala V. Danait, Ian D. Robb
  • Patent number: 9057009
    Abstract: Methods and fluids are provided that include, but are not limited to, a drilling fluid comprising an aqueous base fluid and a fluid loss control additive that comprises at least one polymeric micro gel and a method comprising: providing an aqueous based treatment fluid comprising a fluid loss control additive that comprises at least one polymeric micro gel; placing the aqueous based treatment fluid in a subterranean formation via a well bore penetrating the subterranean formation; allowing the fluid loss control additive to become incorporated into a filter cake located on a surface within the subterranean formation; allowing the filter cake to be degraded; and producing hydrocarbons from the formation. Additional methods are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2015
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Ryan G. Ezell, Jun Jim Wu
  • Patent number: 9034803
    Abstract: The current application discloses fluids and methods for treating a subterranean formation penetrated by a wellbore. In one aspect, there is provided a fluid comprising chitosan and titanate, where the fluid has an increased viscosity compared with a solution containing chitosan without titanate. In another aspect, there is provided a method of using such fluid to treat a subterranean formation penetrated by a wellbore. The method may comprise mixing chitosan and titanate in a carrying medium, forming a gel comprising chitosan and titanate, introducing the gel into a subterranean formation, and treating the subterranean formation with the gel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Jack Li, Philip F. Sullivan, Robert Seth Hartshorne
  • Publication number: 20150129226
    Abstract: An aqueous fluid, possibly a wellbore fracturing fluid, comprises an aqueous solution or dispersion of a first polymer, which may be polysaccharide, as a thickener and a cross linking agent to enhance the viscosity of the fluid by crosslinking the first polymer, wherein the crosslinking agent is a second polymer comprising at least one polymer chain with phenyl boronate groups distributed along the polymer chain and the phenyl boronic acid groups have nitrogen attached to the phenyl group at a position which is meta relative to the boronate group.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 10, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Gary John Tustin, Valerie Lafitte, Bruno Drochon
  • Publication number: 20150133348
    Abstract: A fracking fluid hydration unit is provided that has a plurality of hydration tank sections wherein shear is added to the hydrated fluid flow via a recirculation hydrated fluid jetting system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 18, 2014
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventor: DON OLDHAM
  • Publication number: 20150119300
    Abstract: Formulation for a natural product as a replacement for the use of traditional acidic chemical stimulation methods for the emulsification, removal and release of paraffin and asphaltenes from low producing or pumped off wells and reservoirs with the use of traditional methodologies. Also a method of use of formulation for stimulating an oil well consisting of introducing into the wellbore a biodegradable, non-reactive fluid system containing a water-miscible fatty acid solvent, a solution of fatty acids, an amino alcohol, and at least one non-ionic surfactant. The fluid system may be further in the form of a nanoemulsion that is formed by combining a colloidal solution with one or more emulsifiers, an alcohol, and water. The fluid system may be used in well remediation and stimulation as well as additional, alternative applications such as the cleaning of surface and/or downhole equipment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventor: PAUL ANDRECOLA
  • Publication number: 20150114638
    Abstract: The disclosed compositions and methods provide a system that is effective for hydraulic fracturing, which can be used to extract natural gas and oil from subterranean formations, such as deep shale and coal bed type rack formations. In a first aspect, the invention features a composition for hydraulic fracturing, which includes a low pH product, a surfactant, and a thickening agent, all in an aqueous composition. The composition includes i) from about 0.01 wt % to about 20.0 wt % of a low pH product that includes an ammonium salt (e.g., ammonium bicarbonate, ammonium carbonate, or ammonium hydroxide) and hydrogen chloride (and optionally a carborane).
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 13, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventor: Glenn Louis TAYLOR
  • Publication number: 20150114648
    Abstract: Fluids including a parylene-coated chemical entity and methods of treating a subterranean formation with such fluids are disclosed. The methods may include introducing a treatment fluid into a subterranean formation, the treatment fluid containing a parylene-coated particle having a chemical entity encapsulated therein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Applicant: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Andrey Mirakyan, Richard Hutchins, Sergey Makarychev-Mikhailov
  • Patent number: 9018143
    Abstract: A method for breaking the viscosity of an aqueous fluid gelled with a water soluble polymer or a VES is disclosed. The method includes providing an aqueous fluid. The method also includes adding to the aqueous fluid, in any order: a water soluble polymer in an amount sufficient to form a gelled aqueous fluid having a viscosity, a water soluble oxidizing agent configured to generate free radicals and a plurality of metallic particles to produce a mixture comprising dispersed metallic particles dispersed within the gelled aqueous fluid, the metallic particles configured to dissolve in the gelled aqueous fluid and provide a reducing agent to accelerate the generation of free radicals. The method further includes dissolving the metallic particles in the gelled aqueous fluid to provide a source of at least one transition metal ion in an amount effective accelerate the generation of free radicals and reduce the viscosity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: James B. Crews
  • Patent number: 9012376
    Abstract: Methods of inhibiting corrosion of a metal surface in a well or pipeline are provided. The methods include the steps of: (a) forming a fluid of: (i) an aqueous acid solution; and (ii) inulin; and (b) introducing the fluid into the well or pipeline. The methods have wide application in various kinds of operations involved in the production or transportation of oil and gas, such as acid stimulation or remedial treatment in a pipeline.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Yogesh Kumar Choudhary, Anupom Sabhapondit, Deepak Ranganathan
  • Patent number: 9012379
    Abstract: A spacer fluid comprising: (a) water; and (b) an alkyl polyglycoside derivative, wherein the alkyl polyglycoside derivative is selected from the group consisting of sorbitan fatty acids; functionalized sulfonates, functionalized betaines, an inorganic salt of any of the foregoing, and any combination of any of the foregoing. Preferably, the spacer fluid additionally comprises a solid particulate, such as a weighting agent. A method of displacing an oil-based drilling mud from a portion of a well comprising the steps of: (A) forming the spacer fluid; and (B) introducing the spacer fluid into the well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Ramesh Muthusamy, Abhimanyu Pramod Deshpande, Rahul Chandrakant Patil, Sandip Prabhakar Patil
  • Publication number: 20150096751
    Abstract: A hydraulic fracturing composition includes: a superabsorbent polymer in an expanded state; a plurality of proppant particles disposed in the superabsorbent polymer; a well treatment agent, and a fluid to expand the superabsorbent polymer into the expanded state. A process for treating a well with well treatment agent includes disposing a hydraulic fracturing composition comprising the well treatment agent in a well. The well treatment agent can be a scale inhibitor, tracer, pH buffering agent, or a combination thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2014
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Applicant: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Dong Shen, Leiming Li, Jia Zhou, Hong Sun
  • Publication number: 20150094239
    Abstract: A method of forming a fracturing fluid including mixing produced water or boron-containing oilfield water having an in-situ boron concentration greater than about 20 mg/L at the time of mixing with a hydratable boron crosslinkable polymer to form a fracturing fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Applicant: Rockwater Energy Solutions
    Inventors: David N. Harry, Fati Malekahmadi, Christopher Gallagher
  • Publication number: 20150087564
    Abstract: Propping compositions comprising: a hardenable, liquid external phase comprising an element selected from the group consisting of: a cement, a cement foam, a polymer, a resin, an aluminum, a flowable carrier fluid, and any combination thereof; and an internal phase that is either gas or liquid and that is immiscible with the external phase; wherein the internal phase exits the propping composition as the hardenable external phase hardens, leaving behind an hardened, interconnected porous network. Some propping compositions may require contact with a treatment for removal from the hardenable external phase and the treatment for removal may comprise at least one material selected from the group consisting of: an acid, a base, a chelant, an oxidizer, a solvent, and any combination thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 3, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventor: Lewis A. Norman
  • Publication number: 20150080272
    Abstract: A spacer fluid comprising: (a) water; and (b) an alkyl polyglycoside derivative, wherein the alkyl polyglycoside derivative is selected from the group consisting of sorbitan fatty acids; functionalized sulfonates, functionalized betaines, an inorganic salt of any of the foregoing, and any combination of any of the foregoing. Preferably, the spacer fluid additionally comprises a solid particulate, such as a weighting agent. A method of displacing an oil-based drilling mud from a portion of a well comprising the steps of: (A) forming the spacer fluid; and (B) introducing the spacer fluid into the well.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 21, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Ramesh Muthusamy, Abhimanyu Pramod Deshpande, Rahul Chamdrakant Patil, Sandip Prabhakar Patil
  • Publication number: 20150080271
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a foam containing water, between 5 and 30 wt % on total weight of the foam of a chelating agent selected from the group of glutamic aid N,N-diacetic acid or a salt thereof (GLDA), aspartic acid N,N-diacetic acid or a salt thereof (ASDA), methylglycine N,N-diacetic acid or a salt thereof (MGDA), N-hydroxyethyl ethylenediamine-N,N?,N?-triacetic acid or a salt thereof (HEDTA), a foaming agent, and at least 25 vol % on total volume of the foam of a gas, and having a pH of between 2 and 5, to a viscosified composition containing water, between 5 and 30 wt % on total volume of the composition of a chelating agent selected from the group of glutamic aid N,N-diacetic acid or a salt thereof (GLDA), aspartic acid N,N-diacetic acid or a salt thereof (ASDA), methylglycine N,N-diacetic acid or a salt thereof (MGDA), N-hydroxyethyl ethylenediamine-N,N?,N?-triacetic acid or a salt thereof (HEDTA), and at least 0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Cornelia Adriana De Wolf, Hisham Nasr-El-Din, Edwin Rudolf Antony Bang, Guanqun Wang, Josef Johannes Maria Baltussen, Conrardus Hubertus Joseph Theeuwen, Boen Ho O, Marcel Cornelis Paulus Van Eijk
  • Patent number: 8975217
    Abstract: Methods are provided for treating a portion of a well. The method according to this aspect comprises the steps of: (A) forming a treatment fluid, the treatment fluid comprising: (i) water; (ii) a water-soluble polymer; (iii) a complexed metal cation that: (a) has a valence state of at least three; and (b) is capable of cross-linking the water-soluble polymer; and (iv) an aromatic compound that is capable of dissolving, melting, or chemically decomposing, dissociating, or reacting, to form a chelating agent, wherein the chelating agent comprising vicinal substituents containing donor heteroatoms, and wherein the chelating agent is capable of chelating the metal cation; and (B) introducing the treatment fluid into the well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: B. Raghava Reddy, Rajesh K. Saini, Sherry G. Gaskins
  • Patent number: 8969261
    Abstract: A composition for enhancing fluid viscosity including a mixture of at least one cationic or cationizable polymer and at least one anionic or anionizable (hydrolysable) polymer. The composition has a zeta potential at 25° C. in the range of 0.5 to 100 mV or ?0.5 to ?100 mV, typically 1 to 60 mV or ?1 to ?60 mV, or is a precursor convertible at a temperature of 100 to 250° C. to the composition having a zeta potential at 25° C. of 0.5 to 100 mV or ?0.5 to ?100 mV, typically 1 to 60 mV or ?1 to ?60 mV. Typically the compositions exhibit salt tolerance and interaction of both polymers at very high temperatures (>300° F.) such that the system exhibits an increase of viscosity at extreme temperatures. The compositions are useful for hydraulic fracturing, enhanced oil recovery, subterranean acidization, personal care as well as home and industrial cleaners.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Rhodia Operations
    Inventors: Ruela Talingting Pabalan, Nemesio Martinez-Castro, Subramanian Kesavan, Marie Pierre Labeau, Bruno Langlois
  • Publication number: 20150057195
    Abstract: Improved hydraulic fracturing compositions are disclosed which help reduce potential negative environmental impact by hydraulic fracturing. The disclosed compositions have flammability and toxicity and are relatively safe for the environment. The compositions may also contain biodegradable components.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 4, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventor: Courtney Gene Rogers
  • Publication number: 20150057196
    Abstract: Charged nanoparticles may be added to an aqueous downhole fluid having polymers therein where the charged nanoparticles may crosslink at least a portion of the polymers. The polymers may be or include, but are not limited to polyacrylamide, xanthan, guar, polyacrylic acid, poly 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propane sulfonic acid (AMPS), polyethylene oxide, polypropylene oxide, or combinations thereof. The polymers may be homopolymers, copolymers, terpolymers, or combinations thereof. The charged nanoparticles may be or include, but are not limited to clay nanoparticles, modified nanoparticles, or combinations thereof. The aqueous downhole fluid may be or include, but is not limited to fracturing fluids, injection fluids, and combinations thereof for performing a fracturing operation, an injection operation, another enhanced oil recovery operation, and the like.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 20, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Applicant: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Saet B. Debord, Christabel Tanifum
  • Publication number: 20150051121
    Abstract: The invention relates to a slurry concentrate which contains a viscosity enhancing polymer and organohectorite clay, which exhibits an unexpected improvement in viscosity and syneresis while exhibiting improved safety characteristics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 14, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: David DINO, Jeffrey THOMPSON
  • Publication number: 20150045260
    Abstract: Aqueous and substantially anhydrous fluids having particularly low thermal conductivities and variable densities are disclosed. The fluids include: one or more organic and/or inorganic salts and at least one aprotic polar organic solvent, a mixture of aprotic and protic polar organic solvents, and/or a polar organic solvent having both protic and aprotic polar functional group linkages. The fluids optionally include one or more viscosifying agents and are free of cross-linking agents. Methods for formulating and using the fluids are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Jeffrey McKennis, Marshall Chiasson, Mohammad Hossaini, Nam-Sook Bae
  • Publication number: 20150034315
    Abstract: A method includes providing an oilfield treatment fluid including an aqueous HCl solution having greater than 15% HCl by weight, and a fixing agent (FA) in a molar ratio of FA:HCl of between 0.5 and 2.5 inclusive. The FA is urea and/or a urea derivative. The oilfield treatment fluid further includes a viscosifying agent that is not a plant-based polysaccharide gum. The method further includes providing the oilfield treatment fluid to a high pressure pump, and operating the high pressure pump to treat a formation fluidly coupled to a wellbore.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2013
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicant: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Li Jiang, Bruno Lecerf, Murtaza Ziauddin, Jian He, Boingoc Dang
  • Publication number: 20150027699
    Abstract: A well treatment fluid comprising a Pickering particle emulsion comprising particles of a first liquid phase dispersed in a continuous second liquid phase, and comprising a plurality of colloidal particles adsorbed to a liquid-liquid interface between the first liquid phase and the second liquid phase. Methods, equipment and/or systems for treating a subterranean formation utilizing such treatment fluids are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Anthony Loiseau, Yiyan Chen
  • Publication number: 20150027702
    Abstract: Methods of treating a subterranean formation are disclosed that include placing a treatment fluid into a subterranean formation, the treatment fluid containing a one or more polymers capable of consolidating to form a polymeric structure at a downhole location. Also disclosed are treatment fluids including a polymeric structure for treating a subterranean formation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Jazmin Godoy-Vargas, Sergey Makarychev-Mikhailov, Brent Busby, Philip Sullivan, Patrice Abivin, Marie Cambournac
  • Publication number: 20150027710
    Abstract: The present invention provides compositions including poly(alkenylamide)-polysaccharide hydrogels for treating a subterranean formation and methods of using the same. In various embodiments, the present invention provides a method of treating a subterranean formation, including obtaining or providing a composition including a poly(alkenylamide)-polysaccharide hydrogel. The method also includes placing the composition in a subterranean formation. In some embodiments, the poly(alkenylamide)-polysaccharide hydrogel is a polyacrylamide-alginate hydrogel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventor: Matthew Lynn Miller
  • Publication number: 20150021027
    Abstract: The present invention provides a wellbore fluid, such as a drilling, completion or workover fluid, said wellbore fluid comprising a glucomannan additive. Further provided is a method of forming a gel plug from the wellbore fluid, a method of modifying the properties of a wellbore fluid, a method of drilling a subterranean hole with such a fluid and the use of glucomannan in wellbore fluids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 22, 2012
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Applicant: M-I DRILLING FLUIDS UK LIMITED
    Inventor: John W. Chapman
  • Publication number: 20150021033
    Abstract: A thixotropic agent comprised of a gel which is comprised of a polymeric organic material cross-linked with certain boehmite aluminas having a crystallite size of less than about 100 ? as measured on the 120 plane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2012
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventor: David A. Barclay
  • Publication number: 20150013983
    Abstract: The present invention relates to solid-supported crosslinkers for treatment of a subterranean formation. In various embodiments, the present invention provides a method of treating a subterranean formation. The method can include obtaining or providing a composition that includes a solid-supported crosslinker. The solid-supported crosslinker includes a supporting solid, and a crosslinker supported on the supporting solid. The method can also include contacting a subterranean material downhole with the composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVICES, INC.
    Inventor: Ali Alwattari
  • Patent number: 8932998
    Abstract: A method for forming a well and pipeline treating fluid is provided. The method comprises combining a cross-linkable gelling polymer, a scavenging compound capable of reducing a concentration of divalent and polyvalent metal ions and salts thereof available for reaction, a hydration solvent and optionally an acid. The resulting mixture has a pH ranging from about 3 to about 7 and a first viscosity. The mixture is maintained at conditions suitable for hydration of the cross-linkable gelling polymer until the mixture has a second viscosity that is greater than the first viscosity. The mixture is combined with an aqueous based fluid and at least one cross-linking agent. The pH of the mixture is raised to a sufficient level to allow a desired degree of cross-linking to occur. Other methods, a well and pipeline treating gel and a well and pipeline treating fluid are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Jinguo Zhang, Paul H. Javora, Keith W. Sharp
  • Publication number: 20150011441
    Abstract: A mutual solvent for use in oil and gas well operations comprising an ethoxylated alcohol surfactant, having a six carbon backbone chained to three ethylene oxide groups with a hydrophilic lipophilic balance between 11 and 12 but more preferably of about 11.3. Such a mutual solvent may be used in an oil and gas well as a spacer system, in acid treatments to remove the spent acid, and in solvent systems to remove asphaltenic or paraffinic compounds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 3, 2013
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventors: Sarkis R. Kakadjian, Stephen Huber, Violeta Ramos, Frank Zamora
  • Patent number: 8927466
    Abstract: A pill for wellbore operations, that includes a base fluid; and at least two polymers that interact to form a gelatinous structure characterized as isolating and controllably transmitting hydrostatic pressure between a first wellbore fluid above the pill in a wellbore and a second wellbore fluid below the pill in the wellbore is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: M-I LLC
    Inventors: Ole Iacob Prebensen, Monica Norman, Anne-Marie Friestad, Egil Ronaes
  • Publication number: 20150005204
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods and compositions for the treatment of subterranean formations. In various embodiments, the method includes obtaining or providing a composition including at least one-ion sequestering compound, sequestering at least one ion from a polymer in the composition with the at least one ion-sequestering compound, and contacting a subterranean material downhole with the composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Ali Alwattari, Dipti Singh
  • Patent number: 8921284
    Abstract: Disclosed are spacer fluids comprising cement kiln dust (“CKD”) and methods of use in subterranean formations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: James Robert Benkley, D. Chad Brenneis, Craig W. Roddy