Sulfur Atom Is Part Of An Organic Compound Patents (Class 521/121)
  • Patent number: 9676915
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of porous particles comprising at least one polyimide by reacting (A) at least one polyisocyanate having on average at least two isocyanate groups per molecule and (B) at least one polycarboxylic acid having at least two COOH groups per molecule or anhydride thereof, in the presence of at least one solvent, optionally at least one catalyst and optionally at least one further additive, to cause precipitation of a polyimide in the solvent to form the porous particles, to porous particles, obtained with this process, to parts, bodies, foams and/or material comprising these porous particles, and to the use of the porous particles or of the parts, bodies, foams and/or material as insulation material and in vacuum insulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Anna Cristadoro, Raimund Pietruschka, Marc Fricke, Mark Elbing
  • Patent number: 9631071
    Abstract: Provided are a rubber composition for tire tread, which exhibits excellent cut and chip resistance and also exhibits excellent abrasion resistance and heat generation resistance performances that are in a trade-off relationship with the cut and chip resistance, and a tire produced using the rubber composition. The rubber composition for tire tread has excellent abrasion resistance and cut and chip resistance, and thus a tire produced using the rubber composition for tire tread can be suitably used in buses or trucks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: HANKOOK TIRE CO., LTD.
    Inventors: SangMan Shin, Jung Tae Kim, Yun Su Choi
  • Patent number: 9260580
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for producing porous materials, which comprises reaction of at least one polyfunctional isocyanate with an amine component comprising at least one polyfunctional substituted aromatic amine and also water in the presence of a solvent. The invention further relates to the porous materials which can be obtained in this way and the use of the porous materials as insulation material and in vacuum insulation panels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Marc Fricke, Mark Elbing
  • Publication number: 20140364524
    Abstract: A process for producing expandable styrene polymers via polymerization of at least one vinylaromatic monomer in aqueous suspension in the presence of at least one halogenated polymer as flame retardant, graphite, and blowing agent, which comprises the presence, in the aqueous suspension at the start of the polymerization reaction, of from 1 to 30% by weight of at least one styrene polymer, based on the entirety of monomers and styrene polymer, and likewise the presence of at least one halogenated polymer as flame retardant in the styrene polymer used at the start of the polymerization reaction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2012
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventors: Frank Braun, Patrick Spies, Sabine Fuchs, Rainer Ostermann, Andreas Kleinke, Klaus Hahn
  • Patent number: 8894874
    Abstract: The invention provides a heat transfer composition comprising (i) from about 45 to about 75% by weight 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (R-1234yf); and (ii) from about 25 to about 55% by weight 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (R-134a). A heat transfer composition comprising, optionally consisting essentially of, (i) from about 20 to about 90% by weight R-1234yf; (ii) from about 10 to about 60% by weight R-134a; and (iii) from about 1 to about 20% by weight R-32 is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Mexichem Amanco Holding S.A. de C.V.
    Inventor: Robert E. Low
  • Publication number: 20140228460
    Abstract: An interconnected microcellular material, a method for preparing said material using low-value waste from the paper industry, such as industrial lignin, and the use thereof for the production of items such as catalysts, filters or absorbent elements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicants: CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIQUE (CNRS), UNIVERSITE DE BORDEAUX
    Inventors: Herve Deleuze, Claire Forgacz, Marc Birot
  • Publication number: 20140193322
    Abstract: Use of at least one procyanidin- and/or prodelphinidin-type tannin, devoid of prorobinetidin- and/or profisetinidin-type tannin, in a mixture with furfuryl alcohol for the implementation of a polymerization reaction for the preparation of rigid foams, said procyanidin- and/or prodelphinidin-type tannin being in particular pine bark tannin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2012
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicants: CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE, UNIVERSITE DE LORRAINE
    Inventors: Alain Celzard, Maria-Cecilia Basso, Antonio Pizzi, Vanessa Fierro
  • Patent number: 8759411
    Abstract: The use of at least one diphosphine of formula (I), wherein X is S or O; n is 0 or 1; R1, R2, R3, R4 are independently C1-C10-alkyl, C1-C10-hydroxyalkyl, C1-C10-alkoxy, C1-C10-hydroxyalkoxy, C3-C10-cycloalkyl, C3-C10-cycloalkoxy, C6-C10-aryl, C6-C10-aryloxy, C6-C10-aryl-C1-C4-alkyl, C6-C10-aryl-C1-C4-alkoxy, C6-C10-hydroxy-aryl, C6-C10-hydroxy-aryloxy, C1-C10-thioalkyl, C6-C10-thioaryl or C1-C4-thioalkyl-C6-C10-aryl, NR5R6, COR2, COOR5 or CONR5R6; R5, R6 are H, C1-C10-alkyl, C3-C10-cycloalkyl, C6-C10-aryl or C6-C10-aryl-C1-C4-alkyl; as a flame retardant in a polyurethane material is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Marco Balbo Block, Jens Ferbitz, Oliver Steffen Henze, Christoph Fleckenstein, Klemens Massonne
  • Publication number: 20140171527
    Abstract: The invention provides polyurethane and polyisocyanurate foams and methods for the preparation thereof. More particularly, the invention relates to closed-celled, polyurethane and polyisocyanurate foams and methods for their preparation. The foams are characterized by a fine uniform cell structure and little or no foam collapse. The foams are produced with a polyol premix composition which comprises a combination of a hydrohaloolefin blowing agent, a polyol, a silicone surfactant, and a precipitation-resistant metal-based catalyst used alone or in combination with an amine catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 25, 2014
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Inventors: Bin Yu, Mary C. Bogdan, Clifford B. Gittere, Michael Ross, Ronald S. Grossman, David J. Williams
  • Publication number: 20140171525
    Abstract: Disclosed are polyol premix compositions, and foams formed therefrom, which comprise a combination of a hydrohaloolefin blowing agent, a polyol, a silicone surfactant, and a catalyst system that includes a bismuth-based metal catalyst. Such catalysts may be used alone or in combination with an amine catalyst and/or other non-amine catalysts.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 24, 2014
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Bin Yu, David J. Williams
  • Publication number: 20140093721
    Abstract: The invention relates to high-temperature-resistant foams having low thermal conductivity, to the production thereof from organic polyisocyanates and polyepoxides, and to the use of the foams.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 27, 2012
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Applicant: Bayer Intellectual Property GmbH
    Inventors: Dirk Wegener, Stephen Reiter, Harald Rasselnberg, Marcel Schornstein, Hans-Detlef Arntz, Dirk Brüning
  • Publication number: 20130337208
    Abstract: The invention relates to foams of high thermal stability, to the production thereof from organic polyisocyanates and polyepoxides, and to the use of the foams.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2011
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Applicant: Bayer Intellectual Property GmbH
    Inventors: Dirk Wegener, Stephan Reiter, Harald Rasselnberg, Marcel Schornstein, Hans-Detlef Arntz, Dirk Brüning
  • Publication number: 20130316164
    Abstract: Combinations of gelatinous elastomer and polyurethane foam may be made by introducing a plasticized triblock copolymer resin and/or a diblock copolymer resin at least partially cured into gel particles into a mixture of polyurethane foam forming components including a polyol and an isocyanate. The plasticized copolymer resin is polymerized to form a cured gelatinous elastomer or gel, which is then reduced in size, for instance to give an average particle size of 10 millimeters or less. Polymerizing the polyol and the isocyanate forms polyurethane foam. The polyurethane reaction is exothermic and can generate sufficient temperature to at least partially melt the styrene-portion of the triblock copolymer resin thereby extending the crosslinking and in some cases integrating the triblock copolymer within the polyurethane polymer matrix. The gel component has higher heat capacity than polyurethane foam and thus has good thermal conductivity and acts as a heat sink.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2013
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Applicant: Peterson Chemical Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce W. Peterson, Mark L. Crawford
  • Patent number: 8512591
    Abstract: A heat transfer composition comprising trans-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (R-1234ze(E)), difluoromethane (R-32) and 1,1-difluoroethane (R-152a).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Mexichem Amanco Holding S.A. de C.V.
    Inventor: Robert E Low
  • Patent number: 8476329
    Abstract: A bioresin composition is used to form a rigid polyurethane article that includes a first and a second biopolyol and is substantially free of aprotic solvents that chemically decompose in the presence of water. The first biopolyol includes a natural oil component. The second biopolyol includes the reaction product of a natural carbohydrate and an alkylene oxide. The rigid polyurethane foam article includes the reaction product of the bioresin composition and an isocyanate which are reacted in the presence of a chemical blowing agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Christopher M. Tanguay, Patrick J. Watters, John P. Erickson, Eric W. Banks
  • Publication number: 20130065978
    Abstract: Polyurethane foam compositions and processes to make flexible polyurethane foams are disclosed. Polyurethane foam is produced in the presence of additives comprising guanidine derivatives. Improvements in physical properties such as air flow, dimensional stability, tensile, tear, elongation and foam hardness is observed when these additives are present in polyurethane formulations. In addition, these additives can minimize polymer degradation under humid ageing conditions resulting in foam products with better mechanical properties.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2012
    Publication date: March 14, 2013
    Applicant: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Juan Jesus Burdeniuc, James Douglas Tobias, Renee Jo Keller, You-Moon Jeon
  • Publication number: 20130030067
    Abstract: Polyurethane foams which are highly flame resistant are described, as well as the production of such polyurethane foams by the reaction between a natural polyol, such as sucrose or a blend of mono- or disaccharides in place of the standard hydrocarbon-based polyol component, a polyisocyanate and water in the presence of a suitable polyurethane forming catalyst and a flame retardant, and optionally one or more components such as surfactants and/or emulsifiers. The resultant polyurethane foam has a bio-based solid content ranging from about 17% to 30%, may be formulated in a variety of foam densities for a variety of applications, and exhibits a high degree of fire and burn resistance, as exhibited by the flame spread index and the smoke spread values.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2012
    Publication date: January 31, 2013
    Applicant: IMPERIAL SUGAR CO.
    Inventors: Joseph Mooney, Charles Valentine, Thomas Rathke, Douglas Svenson
  • Patent number: 8349907
    Abstract: Preparation and use of polyurethane foams with the use of foam stabilizers of the general formula (I)
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: Evonik Goldschmidt GmbH
    Inventors: Frauke Henning, Wilfried Knott, Oliver Thum, Carsten Schiller, Martin Glos, Annegret Terheiden
  • Publication number: 20120201806
    Abstract: Disclosed are compositions-of-matter composed of a continuous elastomeric matrix and a liquid; the matrix entrapping the liquid therein in the form of closed-cell droplets dispersed throughout the matrix. The disclosed compositions-of-matter are characterized by a low tensile/compressive modulus and are capable of retaining the liquid for exceedingly long periods of time. Further disclosed are processes for forming the compositions-of-matter and uses thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 9, 2012
    Publication date: August 9, 2012
    Applicant: Technion Research & Development Foundation Ltd.
    Inventors: Michael S. Silverstein, Inna Gurevitch
  • Publication number: 20120178839
    Abstract: A composition and process useful to make flexible polyurethane foams and in particular flexible molded polyurethane foams is disclosed. The usage of dipolar aprotic liquids such as DMSO, DMI, sulfolane, N-methyl-acetoacetamide, N,N-dimethylacetoacetamide as well as glycols containing hydroxyl numbers OH#?1100 as cell opening aides for 2-cyanoacetamide or other similar molecules containing active methylene or methine groups to make a polyurethane foam is also disclosed. The advantage of using cell opener aids results in a) no foam shrinkage; b) lower use levels of cell opener; c) foam performance reproducibility d) optimum physical properties. In addition, combining the acid blocked amine catalyst together with the cell opener and the cell opener aid results in a less corrosive mixture as well as provides a method that does not require mechanical crushing for cell opening.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 8, 2011
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Applicant: AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC.
    Inventors: Juan Jesus Burdeniuc, James Douglas Tobias, You-Moon Jeon, Renee Jo Keller
  • Publication number: 20120152846
    Abstract: Porous three-dimensional networks of polyurea and porous three-dimensional networks of carbon and methods of their manufacture are described. In an example, polyurea aerogels are prepared by mixing an triisocyanate with water and a triethylamine to form a sol-gel material and supercritically drying the sol-gel material to form the polyurea aerogel. Subjecting the polyurea aerogel to a step of pyrolysis may result in a three dimensional network having a carbon skeleton, yielding a carbon aerogel. The density and morphology of polyurea aerogels can be controlled by varying the amount of isocyanate monomer in the initial reaction mixture. A lower density in the aerogel gives rise to a fibrous morphology, whereas a greater density in the aerogel results in a particulate morphology. Polyurea aerogels described herein may also exhibit a reduced flammability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 19, 2011
    Publication date: June 21, 2012
    Applicant: Aerogel Technologies, LLC.
    Inventors: Nicholas Leventis, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Sudhir Mulik
  • Patent number: 8143335
    Abstract: An adhesive composition for use in the manufacture of wood-based boards, wherein the adhesive composition is foamable and comprises a resin, a filler and a foaming agent without any cationic acrylamide copolymer. According to the invention, the adhesive composition contains 40-80 wt % resin, 5-30 wt % filler, 0-40 wt % solvent, and 0.1-10 wt % foaming agent, which has been selected from organic and/or inorganic surface-active sulfate, sulfonate, phosphate or phosphonate compounds or their derivatives or mixtures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: Momentive Specialty Chemicals Inc.
    Inventor: Jouni Rainio
  • Patent number: 8076385
    Abstract: A flame retardant aqueous liquid composition containing water, guanidine sulfamate, a citric acid compound including a metal salt of citric acid, and a water soluble polymer. A flame retardant polyurethane foam is produced by a process including the steps of providing a mixture of the above flame retardant aqueous liquid composition with a polyol and an isocyanate, and reacting the mixture in the presence of a catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignee: Nankyo Efnica Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Chiaki Ohama
  • Patent number: 7985779
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a novel method for manufacturing a cellular elastomeric polyurethane foam ball. The product polyurethane foam ball may be used as a core for a tennis ball which meets ITF specifications for tennis balls, including weight, diameter, bound, forward deformation and return deformation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2011
    Assignee: Invista North America S.A.R.L.
    Inventor: Johannes C. Vleghert
  • Publication number: 20110124752
    Abstract: The object of the invention is a method for the production of foams on silicon basis from polymer mixtures (A) containing silicon, wherein at least one compound (V) is used that contributes to the formation of the polymer network, and which carries at least one alkoxy silyl group of the general formula [1a], [1b], or [1c] ?Si—O—(R1)(R2)(R3) [1a], ?Si(R5)—O—C(R1)(R2)(R3) [1b], ?Si—O—C(O)—U [1c], from which upon curing of the polymer mixtures (A) at least one molecule (XY) is split which is gaseous during processing and causes the formation of foam in the polymer mixture (A), and a catalyst (K) selected from a Brönstedt acid, Brönstedt base, Lewis acid, and Lewis base, where R1, R2, R3, R5, and U have the meanings as stated in claim 1, and where polymer mixtures (A) which form SiO2 during the cross-linking process are excluded.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2009
    Publication date: May 26, 2011
    Applicant: WACKER CHEMIE AG
    Inventors: Christian Peschko, Johann Mueller
  • Publication number: 20110124257
    Abstract: A phenolic foam is made by foaming and curing a formable phenolic resin composition that comprises a phenolic resin, a blowing agent, an acid catalyst and an inorganic filler. The blowing agent comprises a blend of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbon containing 2 to 5 carbon atoms and an aliphatic hydrocarbon containing from 3 to 6 carbon atoms mixed in a ratio of 60/40 to 95/5 parts by weight. The inorganic filler is at least one selected from a metal hydroxide, a metal oxide, a metal carbonate and metal powder. The phenolic foam has a pH of 5 or more and a water uptake less than 1 kg/m2. A phenolic foam with a higher pH value compared with conventional phenolic foam reduces corrosion risk when in contact with metallic materials. The phenolic foam maintains excellent long-term stable thermal insulation performance, low water uptake and fire resistance performance and by using the said blowing agent, does not harm the environment as an ozone or global warming depleting material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 8, 2006
    Publication date: May 26, 2011
    Applicant: KINGSPAN HOLDINGS LIMITED
    Inventors: Vincent Coppock, Ruud Zeggelaar, Hiroo Takahashi, Toshiyuki Kato
  • Publication number: 20100222443
    Abstract: A subject-matter of the present invention is a blowing agent composition comprising an organic solvent with a boiling point, at atmospheric pressure, of greater than 0° C. and having a low GWP and at least one compound (C) chosen from haloketones, fluoroacids, fluoroesters, fluoroamines, (hydro)fluoroethers, (hydro) fluorothioethers, (hydro)fluoroolefins, cyclic (hydro)fluorocarbons and iodofluoro(hydro)carbons.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2007
    Publication date: September 2, 2010
    Applicant: Arkema France
    Inventors: Vincent Enaux, Laurent Latil
  • Publication number: 20100048750
    Abstract: The invention provides a method of preparing an aqueous dispersion of vesiculated polymer particles, the method comprising: preparing a dispersion of polymerisable particles within a continuous aqueous phase, the polymerisable particles having a structure that is defined by an outer organic phase that comprises one or more ethylenically unsaturated monomers and surrounds an inner aqueous phase, said inner aqueous phase defining a single void within the polymerisable particle, wherein a RAFT agent functions as a stabiliser for the outer organic phase within the continuous aqueous phase, and wherein a RAFT agent functions as a stabiliser for the inner aqueous phase within the outer organic phase; and polymerising the one or more ethylenically unsaturated monomers under the control of a RAFT agent functioning as said stabiliser to form the aqueous dispersion of vesiculated polymer particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 19, 2007
    Publication date: February 25, 2010
    Applicant: The University of Sydney
    Inventors: Annabelle Christina Mary Blom, Michelle Jocelyn Carey, Brian Stanley Hawkett, Duc Ngoc Nguyen, Thi Thuy Binh Pham, Christopher Henry Such, Gregory Goodman Warr
  • Publication number: 20090099273
    Abstract: The invention provides polyurethane and polyisocyanurate foams and methods for the preparation thereof. More particularly, the invention relates to open-celled, polyurethane and polyisocyanurate foams and methods for their preparation. The foams are characterized by a fine uniform cell structure and little or no foam collapse. The foams are produced with a polyol premix composition which comprises a combination of a hydrohaloolefin blowing agent, a polyol, a surfactant component which comprises a non-silicone surfactant and is substantially absent of a silicone surfactant, and a tertiary amine catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2008
    Publication date: April 16, 2009
    Inventors: David J. Williams, Michael Van Der Puy
  • Patent number: 6894139
    Abstract: Catalysts contain, as structural units, at least one tertiary amino group and at least one group which, after its decomposition, is capable of complexing or protonating the tertiary amino group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2005
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Martin Kreyenschmidt, Hauke Malz, Dieter Rodewald, Thomas Flug, Ansgar Frericks
  • Patent number: 6740731
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method for reducing waste accumulation by using an environmentally degradable disposable material. The disposable material, which includes a hydroxycarboxylic acid-containing polymer, degrades hydrolytically during operative and disposal stages in a controlled manner such that the disposal degradation rate of the material is accelerated relative to the operative degradation rate of the material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2004
    Assignee: Cargill Dow Polymers LLC
    Inventors: Donald M. Bigg, Richard G. Sinclair, Edward S. Lipinsky, John H. Litchfield, Billy R. Allen
  • Patent number: 6660780
    Abstract: A method of making a molecularly imprinted porous structure makes use of a surfactant analog of the molecule to be imprinted that has the imprint molecule portion serving as the surfactant headgroup. The surfactant analog is allowed to self-assemble in a mixture to create at least one supramolecular structure having exposed imprint groups. The imprinted porous structure is formed by adding reactive monomers to the mixture and allowing the monomers to polymerize, with the supramolecular structure serving as a template. The resulting solid structure has a shape that is complementary to the shape of the supramolecular structure and has cavities that are the mirror image of the imprint group. Similarly, molecularly imprinted particles may be made by using the surfactant to create a water-in-oil microemulsion wherein the imprint groups are exposed to the water phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Michael A. Markowitz, Paul E. Schoen, Bruce P. Gaber, Banahalli R. Ratna, Paul R. Kust, David C. Turner, Douglas S. Clark, Jonathan S. Dordick
  • Patent number: 6583191
    Abstract: A method of making a molecularly imprinted porous structure makes use of a surfactant analog of the molecule to be imprinted that has the imprint molecule portion serving as the surfactant headgroup. The surfactant analog is allowed to self-assemble in a mixture to create at least one supramolecular structure having exposed imprint groups. The imprinted porous structure is formed by adding reactive monomers to the mixture and allowing the monomers to polymerize, with the supramolecular structure serving as a template. The resulting solid structure has a shape that is complementary to the shape of the supramolecular structure and has cavities that are the mirror image of the imprint group. Similarly, molecularly imprinted particles may be made by using the surfactant to create a water-in-oil microemulsion wherein the imprint groups are exposed to the water phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2003
    Inventors: Michael A. Markowitz, Paul E. Schoen, Bruce P. Gaber, Banahalli R. Ratna, Paul R. Kust, David C. Turner, Douglas S. Clark, Jonathan S. Dordick
  • Patent number: 6528549
    Abstract: Polyol blend comprising a polyester polyol, a tertiary amine catalyst and an organic carboxylic acid wherein said carboxylic acid contains at least one OH, SH, NH2 or NHR functional group, wherein R is an alkyl, cycloalkyl or aryl group and the use of said polyol blend in the manufacture of rigid polyurethane foams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Assignee: Imperial Chemical Industries PLC
    Inventors: Thomas Heinrich Sieker, Franco Gabrieli, Saskia Rachel Walraedt
  • Publication number: 20020119308
    Abstract: The present invention is a puff heat transfer, a puff transfer composition, and a method of making a puff transfer composition. The puff transfer composition, i.e., ink, is actually loaded with the color. In particular, the transfer composition comprises effective amounts of a transfer base material, at least one pigment concentrate, and a puff base material. The transfer base material and the pigment concentrate may be mixed together and then loaded into the puff base material to form the transfer composition. The transfer composition may be deposited on a transfer sheet to make the heat transfer. The transfer sheet may be a substrate that is treated with quillon. By using a substrate sheet that is treated with quillon, the puff of the present invention has an improved, velvet-like feel when the transfer sheet is removed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 21, 2001
    Publication date: August 29, 2002
    Applicant: Impulse Wear, Inc.
    Inventors: Christopher Roberts, Lawrence Levine
  • Patent number: 6403665
    Abstract: Polyol blend comprising a polyester polyol, a tertiary amine catalyst and an organic carboxylic acid wherein said carboxylic acid contains at least one OH, SH, NH2 or NHR functional group, wherein R is an alkyl, cycloalkyl or aryl group and the use of said polyol blend in the manufacture of rigid polyurethane foams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2002
    Assignee: Imperial Chemical Industries PLC
    Inventors: Thomas Heinrich Sieker, Franco Gabrieli, Saskia Rachel Walraedt
  • Publication number: 20020065334
    Abstract: A method of making a molecularly imprinted porous structure makes use of a surfactant analog of the molecule to be imprinted that has the imprint molecule portion serving as the surfactant headgroup. The surfactant analog is allowed to self-assemble in a mixture to create at least one supramolecular structure having exposed imprint groups. The imprinted porous structure is formed by adding reactive monomers to the mixture and allowing the monomers to polymerize, with the supramolecular structure serving as a template. The resulting solid structure has a shape that is complementary to the shape of the supramolecular structure and has cavities that are the mirror image of the imprint group. Similarly, molecularly imprinted particles may be made by using the surfactant to create a water-in-oil microemulsion wherein the imprint groups are exposed to the water phase.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2001
    Publication date: May 30, 2002
    Inventors: Michael A. Markowitz, Paul E. Schoen, Bruce P. Gaber, Banahalli R. Ratna, Paul R. Kust, David C. Turner, Douglas S. Clark, Jonathan S. Dordick
  • Patent number: 6310110
    Abstract: A method of making a molecularly imprinted porous structure makes use of a surfactant analog of the molecule to be imprinted that has the imprint molecule portion serving as the surfactant headgroup. The surfactant analog is allowed to self-assemble in a mixture to create at least one supramolecular structure having exposed imprint groups. The imprinted porous structure is formed by adding reactive monomers to the mixture and allowing the monomers to polymerize, with the supramolecular structure serving as a template. The resulting solid structure has a shape that is complementary to the shape of the supramolecular structure and has cavities that are the mirror image of the imprint group. Similarly, molecularly imprinted particles may be made by using the surfactant to create a water-in-oil microemulsion wherein the imprint groups are exposed to the water phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2001
    Inventors: Michael A. Markowitz, Paul E. Schoen, Bruce P. Gaber, Banahalli R. Ratna, Paul R. Kust, David C. Turner, Douglas S. Clark, Jonathan S. Dordick
  • Patent number: 6294589
    Abstract: A polyurethane composition for fabricating antimicrobial based products such as polyurethane foam carpet backing materials and carpets having a polyurethane foam carpet backing material. The polyurethane composition includes a plurality of particles comprising an antimicrobial agent which are at least partially encapsulated by a plasticizer material before being dispersed within a polyurethane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2001
    Assignee: Shaw Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Von L. Moody
  • Patent number: 6278021
    Abstract: A process for producing an urea preparation of reduced particle-size and narrow particle-size distribution by using an air milling process is provided. Also provided is an urea preparation of reduced particle-size, narrow particle-size distribution, and high purity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2001
    Inventor: Sean Edward Paul Condren
  • Patent number: 6271278
    Abstract: A superporous hydrogel composite is formed by polymerizing one or more ethylenically-unsaturated monomers, and a multiolefinic crosslinking agent, in the presence of particles of a disintegrant and a blowing agent. The disintegrant, which rapidly absorbs water, serves to greatly increase the mechanical strength of the superporous hydrogel and significantly shorten the time required to absorb water and swell. Superporous hydrogel composites prepared by this method have an average pore size in the range of 10 &mgr;m to 3,000 &mgr;m. Preferred particles of disintegrant include natural and synthetic charged polymers, such as crosslinked sodium carboxymethylcellulose, crosslinked sodium starch glycolate, and crosslinked polyvinylpyrrolidone. The blowing agent is preferably a compound that releases gas bubbles upon acidification, such as NaHCO3. Improved hydrogel composites formed without a blowing agent are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2001
    Assignee: Purdue Research Foundation
    Inventors: Kinam Park, Jun Chen, Haesun Park
  • Patent number: 6211259
    Abstract: The present invention includes new compositions for making polyurethane and polyurethane foam compositions. These compositions comprise the reaction product of an isocyanate A-Side and a B-Side comprising: (i) a polyol having a molecular weight of about 1000 g/mol or more, and having an average functionality of 2.0 or greater; (ii) a polyol having a Tg of about −80° C. or less, and having a molecular weight of about 1000 g/mol or more, and having an average functionality of 2.0 or greater; and(iii) a polyhydric alcohol having a molecular weight of about 90 g/mol or more, and having an average functionality of 3.0 or more. In the case of polyurethane foam compositions, the system also comprises water. The invention also includes processes for making the polyurethane and polyurethane foam compositions, as well as methods of adhering the same to cosmetic layers comprising thermoplastic, acrylic, and gel coat materials. The invention also includes articles made from these reinforced cosmetic layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2001
    Assignee: Aristech Acrylics LLC
    Inventors: Keith A. Borden, Robert E. Anderson, Jr., Kathleen M. Yusko, Randall S. Reynolds
  • Patent number: 6207725
    Abstract: Process for making rigid polyurethane or urethane-modified polyisocyanurate foams comprising the step of reacting an organic polyisocyanate composition with an isocyanate-reactive composition comprising a polyester polyol in the presence of an amine catalyst characterized in that the pKa of the conjugated ammonium salt of said amine is less than 12.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2001
    Assignee: Imperial Chemical Industries PLC
    Inventors: Thomas Heinrich Sieker, Franco Gabrieli
  • Patent number: 6169124
    Abstract: In a process for producing self-releasing, compact or cellular moldings which comprise polyisocyanate polyaddition products and may contain reinforcing material by reacting a) organic and/or modified organic polyisocyanates with b) at least one compound containing at least two reactive hydrogen atoms and having a molecular weight of from 62 to 10,000 and, if desired, c) chain extenders and/or crosslinkers in the presence of d) internal mold release agents and in the presence of or absence of e) catalysts, f) blowing agents, g) reinforcing materials and h) auxiliaries in an open or closed mold, the internal mold release agents (d) used are diesters and/or monoesters of alkylsuccinic acids and/or diesters and/or monoesters of alkenylsuccinic acids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2001
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Peter Horn, Dietrich Scherzer, Karl H{umlaut over (a)}berle, Ulrich Treuling, Georg Partusch, G{umlaut over (u)}nter T{umlaut over (a)}nny, Axel Kistenmacher
  • Patent number: 6107355
    Abstract: In a process for producing polyurethane foams, preferably semirigid polyurethane foams and flexible, semirigid and rigid polyurethane integral foams,a) at least one modified or unmodified organic polyisocyanate is reacted withb) at least one relatively high molecular weight compound containing at least two reactive hydrogens and, if desired,c) low molecular weight chain extenders and/or crosslinkers in the presence ofd) blowing agents, preferably water and/or (cyclo)alkanes,e) a catalyst mixture comprising, according to the invention,e') from 35 to 65 parts by weight of di-n-octyltin bis(2-ethylhexyl thioglycolate) ande") from 65 to 35 parts by weight of mono-n-octyltin tris(2-ethylhexyl thioglycolate) and also, if desired,e'") cocatalysts selected from the group of tertiary amines, alkali metal and alkaline earth metal salts of monocarboxylic acids having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms andf) if desired, additives,with the reaction for forming the polyurethane integral foams being carried out in a closed mold with
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2000
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Peter Horn, Dieter Tintelnot
  • Patent number: 6077927
    Abstract: A method of providing for manufacturing a colored polymer resin having the steps of:(a) blending a disazo colorant into a mixture of monomers, the colorant having a poly(oxyalkylene) substituent comprising from 2 to 200 alkylene oxide residues, bonded to each end of the disazo chromophore, the poly(oxyalkylene) substituent having a nucleophilic terminal group which is capable of reacting with at least a portion of the monomers;(b) providing conditions under which the monomers and disazo colorant polymerize to form a colored polymer resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2000
    Assignee: Milliken & Company
    Inventors: Eric B. Stephens, Mark E. Ragsdale, David J. Moody
  • Patent number: 6063824
    Abstract: A microcellular PU elastomer having improved dynamic-mechanical properties and based on an isocyanate component consisting essentially of 4,4'-MDI and also further customary constituents has, after heating at from 100 to 120.degree. C. for from 8 to 24 hours, a melting range of from 130.degree. C. as the minimum lower limit to 230.degree. C. as a minimum upper limit, measured by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) at a heating rate of 20.degree. C./min, and a urea content of from 14 to 18% by weight.A process is also provided for preparing such a microcellular PU elastomer having improved dynamic mechanical properties. The microcellular PU elastomers can be used for producing damping elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2000
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Ruediger Krech, Udo Rotermund, Heinz Bollmann, Renate Hempel, Wolfgang Scholz, Manfred Genz
  • Patent number: 6057376
    Abstract: Stable high internal phase water-in-oil emulsions containing polymerizable vinyl monomers, crosslinking monomers and initiators are obtained, useful in producing low density porous crosslinked polymeric materials by using a surfactant system containing (a) an anionic surfactant, the anionic surfactant having an oil soluble tail and an anionic functional group and (b) one or more quatemary salts having one or more hydrocarbon groups having greater than or equal to 8 carbon atoms. A water-in-oil emulsion can be formed with lower surfactant concentration than sorbitan fatty acid ester alone and improved surfactant performance at elevated temperatures is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2000
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Ronald Marshall Bass, Thomas Fairchild Brownscombe
  • Patent number: 6046706
    Abstract: An antenna mast and method of using it relate to a retractable mast having a retractable mast having a plurality of tubular telescoping sections to enable the mast to move between a fully retracted storage position and a fully extended use position. Each section is equipped with a thermoplastic bearing to facility rapid deployment. Pairs of diametrically opposed pulley mechanisms are mounted on opposite sides of each one of the sections, and the pairs of pulleys are angularly displaced from section to section for facilitating the structural stability of the deployed mast.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2000
    Inventor: Robert A. Vargas
  • Patent number: 5864002
    Abstract: A method of providing for manufacturing a colored polymer resin having the steps of:(a) blending a disazo colorant into a mixture of monomers, the colorant having a poly(oxyalkylene) substituent comprising from 2 to 200 alkylene oxide residues, bonded to each end of the disazo chromophore, the poly(oxyalkylene) substituent having a nucleophilic terminal group which is capable of reacting with at least a portion of the monomers;(b) providing conditions under which the monomers and disazo colorant polymerize to form a colored polymer resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1999
    Assignee: Milliken Research Corporation
    Inventors: Eric B. Stephens, Mark E. Ragsdale, David J. Moody